Given that Windows Server 2008 is a server operating system it is not surprising that a primary function of this operating system is to serve files to users on other systems on a network. Windows Server 2008 supports two types of file sharing, referred to as public file sharing and standard file sharing. Standard file sharing, which is only permitted on NTFS volumes, allows individual folders files and volumes to be shared to specific users. File sharing in Windows Server 2008 is managed from the Network and Sharing Center, accessed by selecting Start -> Network and clicking on the Network and Sharing Center button in the toolbar.
To enable public file sharing, click on the down arrow next to the Public folder sharing in the section entitled Sharing and discovery. Turn on sharing so anyone with network access can open files - Allows network users to open, but not delete, modify or create files in the server's public folder. Turn on sharing so anyone with network access can open, change and create files - Allows network users to open, modify, delete and create files in the public folder. Turn off sharing (people logged on to this computer can still access this folder) - Allow public folder access only to those users locally logged on to the server. Similarly, standard file sharing can be configured by click the down arrow next to File sharing. The Network and Sharing Center also allows password access to shared folders to be configured.
Shared folders can be configured using Windows Explorer, simply by navigating to the folder to be shared, right clicking on the folder and selecting Properties from the menu. Once these settings are complete, click on the Share button to initiate the file sharing process.
Having specified which users will have access to the folder the next step is to enable the sharing of the folder, specify share permissions and configure a Share Name by which the folder will be referenced and accessed. The final step in the folder sharing setup is to click on Permissions to configure the share permissions, details of which are covered in a later section of this chapter.
Windows Explorer provides an excellent mechanism for configuring shares on the local system. Once Computer Management is configured to administer a remote server, the next step is to begin the folder sharing process. The creation of a new shared folder on the remote server (although as previously mentioned this can also be used on local computers) involves the use of something called the Create A Shared Folder Wizard, which, as the name suggests provides a user friendly way of configuring shared folders. Once these settings are configured, click on Next once again to configure the share permissions for the selected folder.
As outlined at the beginning of this chapter, Windows Server 2008 provides two levels of permissions for shared files and folders, namely share permissions and file and folder permissions. Full Control - Grants the specified users permission to change file and folder permissions, execute, read, modify, create and delete files and sub-folders.
Change - Grants users permission to change file and folder attributes, read, modify, execute, create and delete files and sub folders. Read - Grants users permission to read and execute files and view and access file lists and sub-folders.
Permissions are cumulative in that a user will inherit the permissions of all the groups of which he or she is a member. To configure share permissions, start Computer Management, connect to a remote server if not working on local shares, unfold System Tools and select Shares to list all currently shared folders. This screen displays the current share permissions and provides the ability to configure additional permission controls.
To add permissions for a specific user or group click the Add button and enter one or more users or groups into the text box (separating multiple entries with a semi-colon) and click on Check Names to verify the names are correct.
Leaving these core shell and window management innovations behind, the applications and utilities that come with Windows have widely been upgraded. Vista brought a lot of changes to both of these parts of Windows, not all of them universally welcomed. The display settings tell a similar story; the one-stop-shop that was the XP Display control panel is gone for good, replaced by multiple pages to address each kind of configuration. Also found in Control Panel is the new Device Stage feature first shown at PDC, although it's not accessible for me because I have no Device Stage-compatible devices. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Conde Nast. According to the above graph, amongst many social networking sites, FaceBook leads the list with 24% of users.
However, 11.4% of users rely on emails to share the information since they initially started to communicate using emails. Next place goes to Twitter, as it occupied 10.8% almost equals to emails, people love to share not just their views but also useful information through this channel. Among the other networks like Yahoo gained most users (5.5%) when compared Myspace, Window Live, Delicious, Digg, Google Bookmarks, Yahoo buzz, etc.
The wireless Hosted Network is a WLAN feature supported on Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 and later with the Wireless LAN Service installed. The virtualization of a physical wireless adapter into more than one virtual wireless adapter sometimes referred to as Virtual Wi-Fi. A software-based wireless access point (AP) sometimes referred to as a SoftAP that uses a designated virtual wireless adapter. You can get more details about the Wireless Hosted Network and the netsh commands here on MSDN.


Click on the Sharing tab in the Ethernet Properties box and select Allow other network users to connect through this computers Internet connection. You will have allowed Internet sharing and created a Wi-Fi hotspot of your Windows 8 laptop.
To confirm, I opened Settings on my Nokia Lumia 920, selected Wi-Fi, and was able to connect the phone to my laptop, using the set password. Thus, I created WiFi hotspot in Windows 8 and I was able to download large apps too on my Windows Phone.
Social network media global people communication information sharing flat 3d web isometric infographic concept vector. Flat 3d isometric illustration tutorials concept design, Abstract urban modern style, high quality business series. It wasn’t long ago when computers in the work place stood alone, with their own printer and independent internet connection, making each workstation costly to acquire and maintain. Network environments also allow for strict control over user level access rights, and permissions to your information and equipment. The primary focus of this chapter, therefore, is the sharing of files and folders on Windows Server 2008. Once placed in this folder the files are accessible to any users logged locally onto the machine and, if enabled, to any network users.
This provides far greater levels of security over network access through a combination of NTFS file and folder permissions and share permissions, and avoids the necessity to move files from their existing location in order to share them. When unfolded, this panel provides the option to either enable or disable standard file sharing on this server.
When the arrow next to Password protected sharing is selected the options to enable or disable password protection sharing are provided.
Once this has been selected the Share name field and associated button will activate enabling a share name to be entered.
This approach falls a little short in terms of convenience, however, when it is necessary to configure shares on a remote server.
Begin by unfolding the System Tools, then Shared Folders branches of the tree in the left panel. Either select one of the pre-configured options or select Customize permissions and click on Custom to configure share permissions on a per user basis.
From time to time, however, it may be necessary to share a folder but have it hidden such that only users who know of its existence can access it by referencing the share name. For example, to hide a share located at C:\accounts simply give it a share name with a trailing $, such as accounts$. If a permission is Denied, however, it overrides any cases where that permission may have been granted. To configure share permissions for a folder, select it from the list, right click and select Properties. To change the settings for a currently configured group or user select the user from the list, modify the permissions accordingly and click on Apply to commit the changes.
Click on OK to return to the properties dialog where the added users and groups will appear in the list. The new OS provides some polish to these areas, but the basic concepts of Vista are retained. This complaint is not necessarily indicative of a flaw in Control Panel, but rather a reflection that things we used to know are no longer true.
One new entry is the new display calibration page, which allows you to adjust gamma, brightness, contrast, and color for each monitor on your system. The list of supported hardware is currently extremely short, and nothing I own features on it. I'm told that Windows Mobile support will come soon enough, but I would have hoped for at least the basic ability to recognize the device when plugged in. Windows 7 now standardizes support for biometric devices, such as fingerprint or eyeball scanners, and positional devices, both locational (such as GPS) and orientation (such as the sensors in some laptops that detect falling onto the floor).
He covers Microsoft, programming and software development, Web technology and browsers, and security. The information that one finds interesting, useful, worth sharing, funny, educating, etc is shared among friends, peers and different networks. I just bought a Nokia Lumia 920 Windows Phone 8, and found that while downloading apps which were greater than 50MB in size, I either needed Wi-Fi connection or a 3G connection.
The procedure for creating one on Windows 7 was different. When I tried to do it on my Windows 8 Dell laptop, I found that the settings to Create an ad hoc network via Network and Sharing Center did not exist. Windows 7 offers the Manage wireless networks link in the left side above Change adapter settings.
Right-click on the connection you are currently using (in my case Ethernet) to connect to the Internet and select Properties. Under Home networking connection, from the drop down menu, I selected Local Area Connections 12 and clicked on OK.
With a network environment you can afford to purchase a higher quality single unit for printing and internet access ultimately lowering your total cost of ownership for your equipment. Files can easily be corrupted by transferring files from computer to computer using manual methods like disks and flash drives. Setting up scheduled back-ups to removable media or even an offsite data centre can protect your data in the event of a failure or catastrophe.


Robust firewalls and network anti-virus can help protect your data and better manage computer maintenance.
When enabled, a dialog will appear providing the option to make the shared folders available only to the private network on which the system resides, or to make sharing available to public networks. When enabled on workgroup servers, only users with user accounts and passwords on the server will be able to access shared files and folders. Caching allows users to maintain local copies of shared files so that they can be accessed off-line (for example when the server hosting the files is not available to the user's local system).
By default the name of the folder being shared will be displayed, although this may be changed to another name if desired. Fortunately Windows Server 2008 addresses this need by allowing shares to be configured from the Computer Management tool.
In the resulting Folder Path screen, either type in the path of the folder to be shared, or browse the file systems to locate it. When shared files and folders are accessed locally from the server on which they reside these permissions serve no purpose. For example, if a user is a member of a group where full control is provided over a folder, and also a member of a second group where full control is specifically denied, the user will be denied full control regardless of the fact that it was granted in the first group. Though obviously no alternative for hardware calibration for those who need the best in color accuracy, this will certainly be useful for amateur photographers and artists. Vista's Mobile Device Center will install and run on Windows 7 (though there are some warnings about devices with no drivers when I attach my HTC Touch Pro), but it obviously does not enable any Device Stage functionality.
Third-party drivers are still required, but they fit into an OS framework so that they can be used in standard ways. I have media files distributed across my home network, and Libraries let me unify them in an effective manner. Network environments allow for the implementation of a centralized data management system, which places data on a central server granting multiple access for network users. For example, when the server belongs to a workgroup the public folder can be password protected. The choice here depends on the requirements of the organization but for security purposes it is typically best to limit sharing to the private network unless external access is required.
If file sharing has been restricted to users with local accounts and passwords, a list of users can be obtained by clicking on the down arrow.
With caching configured, local copies of shared files are stored on the user's local system so that they can be accessed without a connection to the server. If the number of concurrent users accessing a shared folder is of concern, modify the number of simultaneous users accordingly. One point to note is that while this section will focus on the remote configuration of file shares, the steps outlined here may equally be used to share files on a local server. Once a connection has been established to the remote server the Computer Management interface will refresh and the Computer Management link in the tree will also display the name of the selected remote server. With the required folder path selected click on Next to configure the name and description settings. The most important point to note about hidden shares is that it does nothing to prevent access other than hiding the fact that the share exists. File and folder permissions, on the other hand, take effect both when accessing files and folders both locally and over the network. This is a pity, as phones are probably the most complex devices we attach to our PCs (acting as music players, cameras, modems, GPS, and mass storage), and so they would benefit the most from Device Stage. For example, fingerprint logins are now provided by Windows 7 itself, rather than requiring extra software to extend the system login infrastructure to allow fingerprints. In addition, network access to files within the public folder can be restricted to reading and executing only or given permission to read, write, create and delete files. When a connection is re-established, any changes made to the local copy of the file are synchronized with the original copy on the server. Enter optional comments about the share before clicking on Caching to configure the off-line file settings.
In fact, the Create a Shared Folder Wizard can be invoked on a local machine either from Computer Management or by entering shrpubw at the command prompt or in a Run dialog. On this screen, specify the share name by which the folder will be accessed from remote computers together with an optional description of the shared folder.
If, for example, a user learns of the existence of a hidden share (perhaps because another user tells them about it), and the share permissions are such that they have access to the folder, the fact that it is hidden will do nothing to keep the user out of that folder.
In the case of network access to shared files and folders, the shared permissions are applied first, followed by any file and folder permissions. Just as with Vista, though, it still takes more clicks to visit, for example, the properties for a network adapter in Windows 7 than it did in Windows XP.
This page lists all the hardware that has configurable options, such as network adapters, or which has nowhere else to live, such as USB DVD drives. The key issue to note is that file and folder permissions provide a far greater level of control over access than the more general permissions options provided by share permissions.
For details on file and folder permissions refer to the chapter entitled Understanding Windows Server 2008 File and Folder Ownership and Permissions.



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