Useful tips for vidders (fan video makers) for converting your video for YouTube, or for preparing clips for editing.
Please note: All these tutorials show you how to convert your clips to a file format that is good for editing. If you wish to, trim down your clip to just the scene you want by picking in and out points. Under a€?Sound,a€? you can pick MPEG-4 AAC and select 128 kbps or above, or can select a€?No Sounda€? (like I have in this screenshot) and eliminate sound from your clip. Like with the tutorial above, open your file (this time an H.264 MOV file) in MPEG Streamclip. In most cases you will have no sound, so Select a€?No Sound.a€? Otherwise, go with a€?Uncompresseda€? for sound. Quality can be a 100% but Apple Intermediate Codec only has one quality setting, so it doesna€™t seem to change anything when you fiddle with the quality setting. Then click on a€?Make Moviea€? and wait for MPEG Streamclip to convert your whole video over! You will follow the same process as outlined above, only instead of Apple Intermediate Codec, youa€™ll select some flavor of a€?ProResa€? from the Compression drop-down menu.
If you have Final Cut Pro 6, youa€™ll probably only get to choose from ProRes 422 and ProRes 422 (HQ). Choose the same settings for Frame Size and Sound as are used in the Apple Intermediate Codec tutorial. Please note again that when you convert your clips over to DV or MJPEG, that the files will be larger in size, and this is GOOD for editing. If you are downsizing a large HD clip to Standard Definition DV, then CHECK the a€?Better Downscalinga€? box.
In most cases, pick a€?Progressivea€? as a€?Scan Modea€? (at least this is what I always do) and pick your Aspect Ratio. If you are converting some other kinds of clips, odds are (that if you are converting clips from a film or recent TV show) that the aspect ratio is still 16:9, but you need to confirm this.
Then return to MPEG Streamclipa€™s main window, and click on the a€?Make AVIa€? or a€?Make Moviea€? button (bottom right corner) to have MPEG Streamclip convert the clip over to DV MOV or AVI.
If you are converting some other type of clips, consult the aspect ratio tutorial for more help determining what aspect ratio to choose. Click on a€?Better Downscaling,a€? since you are converting HD clips down to a smaller size. If you are converting some kind of non-HD clip and you know that they are fullscreen (4:3) then pick the numbers 640x480. Click on the a€?Make Moviea€? or a€?Make AVIa€? button and wait for MPEG Streamclip to convert your clips over! So, leta€™s say that you have a lot of little clips and you want to convert them all over to some other format.
Click on the a€?Add Filesa€? button, then navigate through your computera€™s files for the clips that you want to convert over.
Find the folder where the clips are, and then select one from the top of the list, HOLD DOWN THE SHIFT KEY and then select the clip at the bottom of the list. Check on the a€?Join all the filesa€? if you want all your clips to be joined into one long clip. Then youa€™ll be asked to a€?Select a Destination Folder.a€? This is where you want all your converted clips to be placed after MPEG Streamclip has finished making them. Then youa€™ll be asked all the familiar questions that you should know by now if youa€™ve followed the other MPEG Streamclip tutorials: Compression, frame size, and so forth. If this is all you want to convert over, click on the a€?Goa€? button and wait for MPEG Streamclip to do its thing. When you click on the a€?Converta€? button, wait while MPEG Streamclip converts, converts, converts! Tutorial keywords: MPEG Streamclip, MJPEG AVI, HD, converting video tutorial, fanvideos, fanvids, vidding tutorial, vids, vidders. Once you pick your compression, MPEG Streamclip will automatically select a frame size which corresponds (either DV-NTSC or DV-PAL).
This guide offers advice to help you decide the best method of connecting your guitar to a PC depending on your requirements. We supply hardware and software products for composing, performing, recording, and editing music and sound on the PC, Mac and iPad.
T-Enami.org - A Welcome, all who like old Photos of Japan !YOU ARE ONE OF OVER 100,000 VISITORS TO THIS SITE.
G+ #Read of the Day: The Daguerreotype - The daguerreotype, an early form of photograph, was invented by Louis Daguerre in the early 19th c. The first photograph (1826) - Joseph Niepce, a French inventor and pioneer in photography, is generally credited with producing the first photograph. Easy Peasy Fact:Following Niepcea€™s experiments, in 1829 Louis Daguerre stepped up to make some improvements on a novel idea. Adafruit: The oldest street scene photos of New York City - Check out these incredible (and incredibly old) photos of NYC, via Ephemeral New York. The oldest street scene photos of New York CityCheck out these incredible (and incredibly old) photos of NYC, via Ephemeral New York.
I still remember reading about Louis Daguerre's invention, the daguerreotype, in high school. The Making of the American Museum of Natural Historya€™s Wildlife DioramasFossil shark-jaw restoration, 1909.
Very old portrait of three men identified as (from left to right) Henry, George, and Stephen Childs, November 25, 1842. In 1840, Hippolyte Bayard, a pioneer of early photography, created an image called Self-Portrait as a Drowned Man.
10 Times History Was Captured in Living ColorColor photographs go back to before you might think. To follow this tutorial, download the free video encoding app MPEG Streamclip (for both Mac and PC). This tutorial may be useful for some Windows users, particularly those using Sony Vegas and Corel VideoStudio.
Expect to use up approximately 1 GB of disk space for every 5 minutes of footage (more or less).
If you need audio (and your clip has audioa€”some might not), then choose a€?Uncompresseda€? for Sound. Well, if you are using software that doesna€™t support HD (like Sony Vegas Movie Studio, non-Platinum version) or you have a slower computer that might not deal with HD that well, then this might become necessary.


Smaller clips (like DivX, XviD, H.264, WMV, MPEG) are compressed and do not play well in your video editor, and can eventually cause crashing or other quality issues.
It works best if all the clips you want to batch convert are in the same folder (but they can be in various places if that works better for you).
Or, if you just want to convert select clips, hold down the Apple (Command) key (Mac) or the Control key (PC) to cherry-pick just the clips you want. If youa€™ve been following the above tutorials, you will know if you want to convert to MOV, AVI, or whatever.
In this case, Ia€™m going to convert to Quicktime (MOV files) but you can convert to AVI, MP4, iPod, just whatever you need. Select whatever options work best (consult the above instructions on this page if necessary). Otherwise, click on a€?Add Filesa€? and locate more clips you want to convert over, repeating the process until youa€™ve added as many files as you need to the list. You can leave your computer to convert overnight, or just be busy with other things as it finishes converting all your files. It shows the quality differences between a€?regulara€? resolution, a clip made from HD (but converted a€?downa€? to DV MOV or DV AVIa€”as instructed on this page) and a real HD clip.
Within these pages you'll find the widest range of computer music and audio kit for your home, classroom or studio. Talbot was active from the mid-1830s, and sits alongside Louis Daguerre as one of the fathers of the medium.
Niepcea€™s photograph shows a view from the Window at Le Gras, and it only took eight hours of exposure time!The history of photography has roots in remote antiquity with the discovery of the principle of the camera obscura and the observation that some substances are visibly altered by exposure to light.
Again employing the use of solvents and metal plates as a canvas, Daguerre utilized a combination of silver and iodine to make a surface more sensitive to light, thereby taking less time to develop. Half of the Limburg province of Belgium is added to the Netherlands, giving rise to a Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg (the latter being from September 5 joined to the German Confederation).June 3 a€“ Destruction of opium at Humen begins, casus belli for Britain to open the 3-year First Opium War against Qing dynasty China.
Bayard had just perfected the process of printing on to paper, which would come to define photography in the following century, but the French government had decided to invest instead in the daguerrotype, a process invented by his rival, Louis Daguerre. Then move the slider bar to your out point, press the a€?Oa€? key to set where you want the clip to end. This is normal and expected and for a more seamless, stable editing experience, you WANT to edit in files of this size. The differences between the a€?regulara€? clip (from XviD source) and HD should be obvious. Thousands of creative individuals use products from Et Cetera's portfolio for music creation, composing, performing, recording, and editing music and sound on the desktop. Though he is most famous for his contributions to photography, he was also an accomplished painter and a developer of the diorama theatre.
As far as is known, nobody thought of bringing these two phenomena together to capture camera images in permanent form until around 1800, when Thomas Wedgwood made the first reliably documented although unsuccessful attempt. It didna€™t take long for others to seize the new technology and create daguerreotypes of New York City street scenes. Daguerreotypes are sharply defined, highly reflective, one-of-a-kind photographs on silver-coated copper plates, usually packaged behind glass and kept in protective cases. For an explanation for why this is necessary (and why editing in the smaller-sized XviD AVI, DivX AVI, WMV, MPEG, MP4 or other compressed file types is a bad idea), read this tutorial. Smaller, more compressed video files (like DivX AVI, XviD AVI, WMV) will give your software problems (either now or later on down the road). The differences between the a€?reala€? HD clip and the a€?HD converted down to DV MOVa€? may not be quite as obvious, depending on how sharp your eye is and your monitor resolution.
The differences between theA  a€?reala€? HD clip and the a€?HD converted down to DV MOVa€? may not be quite as obvious, depending on how sharp your eye is and your monitor resolution.
A daguerreotype, produced on a silver-plated copper sheet, produces a mirror image photograph of the exposed scene. The Government, which has been only too generous to Monsieur Daguerre, has said it can do nothing for Monsieur Bayard, and the poor wretch has drowned himself. Chemistry student Robert Cornelius was so fascinated by the chemical process involved in Daguerrea€™s work that he sought to make some improvements himself. It was commercially introduced in 1839, a date generally accepted as the birth year of practical photography.The metal-based daguerreotype process soon had some competition from the paper-based calotype negative and salt print processes invented by Henry Fox Talbot.
And in 1839 Cornelius shot a self-portrait daguerrotype that some historians believe was the first modern photograph of a man ever produced. For over two weeks in the summer of 2002, scientists and conservators at this prestigious facility subjected the artifact, its frame, and support materials to extensive and rigorous non-destructive testing. The result was a very complete scientific and technical analysis of the object, which in turn provided better criteria for its secure and permanent case design and presentation in the lobby of the newly-renovated Harry Ransom Center.The plate also received extensive attention from the photographic technicians at the Institute, who spent a day and a half with the original heliograph in their photographic studios in order to record photographically and digitally all aspects of the plate. The object was documented under all manner of scientific lights, including infrared and ultraviolet spectra.
OTHERWISE, BEGIN SCROLLING DOWN FOR A TREASURE-TROVE OF RARE AND BEAUTIFUL PHOTOS OF OLD JAPAN.
Long before the first photographs were made, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid described a pinhole camera in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. In the 6th century CE, Byzantine mathematician Anthemius of Tralles used a type of camera obscura in his experimentsIbn al-Haytham (Alhazen) (965 in Basra a€“ c.
ENAMI WEARING SAMURAI ARMOR, TAKING A REST BETWEEN POSES IN HIS YOKOHAMA STUDIO, CA.1898-1900.
Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals (photochemical effect) in 1694. The novel Giphantie (by the French Tiphaigne de la Roche, 1729a€“74) described what could be interpreted as photography.Around the year 1800, Thomas Wedgwood made the first known attempt to capture the image in a camera obscura by means of a light-sensitive substance.
ENAMI, OTHER WELL-KNOWN JAPANESE PHOTOGRAPHERS WHO OPERATED DURING THE MEIJI-ERA (1868-1912) ARE MENTIONED THROUGHOUT THE COMMENTS.I HOPE YOU FIND THE STORY AND DATA BOTH INTERESTING AND HELPFUL. FOR THOSE WHO ARE HERE PRIMARILY TO LOOK AT THE IMAGES, I HOPE THAT YOU EXPERIENCE SOME ENJOYMENT IN GAZING AT A FEW OF ENAMI'S"LOST PICTURES" OF OLD JAPAN. THOSE THAT LIVE FOR DISCOVERING NEW DATA AND CONNECTING THE DOTS WILL NO DOUBT FIND SOME EYE-OPENING REVELATIONS HERE.A OF COURSE, WE ALL LOVE KIMBEI KUSAKABE AND THE REST OF THOSE ILLUSTRIOUS JAPANESE PIONEERS OF PHOTOGRAPHY WHO GOT THEIR START LONG BEFORE ENAMI OPENED HIS OWN MEIJI-ERA STUDIO. THEIR BEST WORK IS ENOUGH TO TAKE YOUR BREATH AWAY.HOWEVER, ENAMI ALSO HAD HIS FANS AND FRIENDS, BOTH AS A PERSON AND AS A PHOTOGRAPHER. AS YOU SCROLL DOWN THESE PAGES, FOR A FEW MOMENTS YOU MAY STEP INTO ENAMI'S SHOES, AND TAKE A PEAK THROUGH HIS LENS.A LIKE SO MANY OTHERS --- SOME NOW FAMOUS, BUT MOST BEING FORGOTTEN --- ENAMI DEDICATED HIS LIFE TO CAPTURING, AS BOTH ART AND DOCUMENT,A WORLD THAT WAS QUICKLY VANISHING BEFORE HIS EYES.
As with the bitumen process, the result appeared as a positive when it was suitably lit and viewed.
AS THIS SITE IS A PERSONAL HOMAGE TO ENAMI, YOU WILL FIND SOME AMATEUR ELEMENTS, AND THE OCCASIONAL PITFALL.


AT ALL TIMES, PLEASE "EAT THE MEAT, AND SPIT OUT THE BONES" WHILE DIGGING FOR VISUAL TREASURE.DISCOVERING THE OCCASIONAL GEM OF A PICTURE, OR ODD BIT OF INFORMATION, WILL HOPEFULLY MAKE THE SCROLLING WELL WORTH IT. A strong hot solution of common salt served to stabilize or fix the image by removing the remaining silver iodide. On 7 January 1839, this first complete practical photographic process was announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, and the news quickly spread. At first, all details of the process were withheld and specimens were shown only at Daguerre's studio, under his close supervision, to Academy members and other distinguished guests. Paper with a coating of silver iodide was exposed in the camera and developed into a translucent negative image. Unlike a daguerreotype, which could only be copied by rephotographing it with a camera, a calotype negative could be used to make a large number of positive prints by simple contact printing. The calotype had yet another distinction compared to other early photographic processes, in that the finished product lacked fine clarity due to its translucent paper negative. This was seen as a positive attribute for portraits because it softened the appearance of the human face. Talbot patented this process,[20] which greatly limited its adoption, and spent many years pressing lawsuits against alleged infringers. He attempted to enforce a very broad interpretation of his patent, earning himself the ill will of photographers who were using the related glass-based processes later introduced by other inventors, but he was eventually defeated. The general wording seen above was fairly common to all photographic self-promotion during the Meiji-era, and actually contains less specifics than some of his studio ads which he placed in various guide books of the time. Nonetheless, Talbot's developed-out silver halide negative process is the basic technology used by chemical film cameras today. Hippolyte Bayard had also developed a method of photography but delayed announcing it, and so was not recognized as its inventor.In 1839, John Herschel made the first glass negative, but his process was difficult to reproduce. OGAWA, who was actually a year younger than Enami, was still his "elder" in terms of experience. The new formula was sold by the Platinotype Company in London as Sulpho-Pyrogallol Developer.Nineteenth-century experimentation with photographic processes frequently became proprietary.
This adaptation influenced the design of cameras for decades and is still found in use today in some professional cameras. It was photographed by Enami's friendly competitor and neighbor Kozaburo Tamamura, whose studio was located at No.2 Benten Street.
It would be built in 1894 just down the street on the right hand side, and appear in endless views and postcards as the most recognizable landmark of Benten Street. Other images of Enami's studio -- both interior and exterior views -- are shown farther down on this page.A  While offering many of the same services and productions as his contemporaries, he also engaged in other activities that made him unique. Petersburg, Russia studio Levitsky would first propose the idea to artificially light subjects in a studio setting using electric lighting along with daylight.
Further, while no photographer did "everything", Enami worked and published in more processes and formats than any other Japanese photographer of his time. A He was one of only a few photographers born during Japan's old Edo-Bakumatsu period, who went on to photograph right through to the Showa period of Emperor Hirohito.Enami was also one of the few to experience, and then successfully outgrow his roots as a traditional maker of the classic, large-format "Yokohama Shashin" albums.
In 1884 George Eastman, of Rochester, New York, developed dry gel on paper, or film, to replace the photographic plate so that a photographer no longer needed to carry boxes of plates and toxic chemicals around.
While successfully embracing the smaller stereoview and lantern slide formats, he added to that a portfolio of Taisho-era "street photography" that maintained his own unique and artistic content.
Now anyone could take a photograph and leave the complex parts of the process to others, and photography became available for the mass-market in 1901 with the introduction of the Kodak Brownie.A practical means of color photography was sought from the very beginning. Results were demonstrated by Edmond Becquerel as early as 1848, but exposures lasting for hours or days were required and the captured colors were so light-sensitive they would only bear very brief inspection in dim light.The first durable color photograph was a set of three black-and-white photographs taken through red, green and blue color filters and shown superimposed by using three projectors with similar filters. It was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861 for use in a lecture by the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who had proposed the method in 1855.[27] The photographic emulsions then in use were insensitive to most of the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect and the demonstration was soon forgotten.
Maxwell's method is now most widely known through the early 20th century work of Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii. Included were methods for viewing a set of three color-filtered black-and-white photographs in color without having to project them, and for using them to make full-color prints on paper.[28]The first widely used method of color photography was the Autochrome plate, commercially introduced in 1907. If the individual filter elements were small enough, the three primary colors would blend together in the eye and produce the same additive color synthesis as the filtered projection of three separate photographs.
Autochrome plates had an integral mosaic filter layer composed of millions of dyed potato starch grains. Reversal processing was used to develop each plate into a transparent positive that could be viewed directly or projected with an ordinary projector. The mosaic filter layer absorbed about 90 percent of the light passing through, so a long exposure was required and a bright projection or viewing light was desirable. Competing screen plate products soon appeared and film-based versions were eventually made. A complex processing operation produced complementary cyan, magenta and yellow dye images in those layers, resulting in a subtractive color image.
Enami and Kimbei Kusakabe are now the only two Japanese photographers known to have a surviving list of their commercial 2-D images. Kirsch at the National Institute of Standards and Technology developed a binary digital version of an existing technology, the wirephoto drum scanner, so that alphanumeric characters, diagrams, photographs and other graphics could be transferred into digital computer memory. While Enami's 2-D portfolio contained a sprinkling of older, public domain images, his 3-D images and slides made from them were wholly his own.A THE 3-D CATALOG "S 26.
Girls Looking at Pictures" A Maiko and two Geisha Looking at Stereoviews in Enami's Yokohama Studio. The lab was working on the Picturephone and on the development of semiconductor bubble memory.
One of over 1000 cataloged 3-D images of old Japan.A THE "CATALOG OF COLORED LANTERN SLIDES AND STEREOSCOPIC VIEWS"A  Not surprisingly, Enami matched his older Catalog of Meiji-era Prints with a separately published catalog of his classic STEREOVIEWS.
The essence of the design was the ability to transfer charge along the surface of a semiconductor. In the case of the 3-D Catalog, the lantern-slides were all made directly from one half of the stereoview negatives. The Cover and two sample pages of the Stereoview Catalog are shown just below in the Enami Activity List numbers (6) and (9).
Michael Tompsett from Bell Labs however, who discovered that the CCD could be used as an imaging sensor. ENAMI'S ACTIVITIES and CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WORLD OF JAPANESE PHOTOGRAPHYA A  For the moment, based on a wide range of primary sources, it is now clear that T.




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