In 1955, Isaac Asimov published a short story titled "Franchise", about a system that decides who should be elected president (in 2008) by picking a single voter to represent the whole population. If a single voter is regularly selected at random then, over time, a larger, more representative sample of the population will build up.
Distributed systems say "after a certain amount of time, enough votes will have been cast to be sure enough of a consensus". Each voter must be selected at random, but if this selection is performed by a central machine, that machine must be trusted.
The system will, generally, consume energy up to the value of the reward for casting each vote. To save energy, votes can instead be given to those who have purchased the most shares (stake) in the system (i.e. Another alternative, valid for small populations, is to collect the sample in a single poll: invite all members to participate, and generate the consensus after a certain amount of time has passed. I didn’t know Aaron, personally, but I’d been reading his blog as he wrote it for 10 years. Philip Greenspun, founder of ArsDigita, had written extensively about the school system, and Aaron felt similarly, documenting his frustrations with school, leaving formal education and teaching himself. In 2000, Aaron entered the competition for the ArsDigita Prize and won, with his entry The Info Network — a public-editable database of information about topics.
Aaron’s friends and family added information on their specialist subjects to the wiki, but Aaron knew that a centralised resource could lead to censorship (he created zpedia, for alternative views that would not survive on Wikipedia). In order to pull information in from other people’s databases, you needed a standard way of subscribing to a source, and a standard way of representing information. RSS feeds (with Aaron’s help) became a standard for subscribing to information, and RDF (with Aaron’s help) became a standard for describing objects.
I find — and have noticed others saying the same — that to thoroughly understand a topic requires access to the whole range of items that can be part of that topic — to see their commonalities, variances and range.
He found that it was difficult to make political change when politicians were highly funded by interested parties, so he tried to do something about that. To return to information, though: having a single page for every resource allows you to make statements about those resources, referring to each resource by its URL. Aaron had read Tim Berners-Lee’s Weaving The Web, and said that Tim was the only other person who understood that, by themselves, the nodes and edges of a “semantic web” had no meaning. To be able to understand this information, a reader would need to know which information was correct and reliable (using a trust network?).
He wanted people to be able to understand scientific research, and to base their decisions on reliable information, so he founded Science That Matters to report on scientific findings. He had the same motivations as many LessWrong participants: a) trying to do as little harm as possible, and b) ensuring that information is available, correct, and in the right hands, for the sake of a “good AI”. As Alan Turing said (even though Aaron spotted that the “Turing test” is a red herring), machines can think, and machines will think based on the information they’re given. As much as individual, composable objects are interesting, the real understanding comes when a collection of items is analysed as a whole (or a part, if filtered). There’s more to a collection of items than is immediately obvious - it’s not just a [1, 2, 3] list, with "array" methods for filtering and iteration: the Collection itself is an object with its own set of observable properties - many of which are summaries, in some way, of the properties in the items in the collection.
These summaries describe some aggregate quality of the collection, and - ideally - an indication of the variance, or confidence intervals, for that value within the collection. If you look around, you’ll see trees with different coloured leaves, depending on their genotype and phenotype. So: observed properties of a collection can vary over time, or over space, depending on the conditions in which they’re found and the conditions of observation. The observed colour of a tree - or a collection of trees - is a function with many inputs and one output: the wavelength(s) of light that leave the tree and enter your eye (or some other detector). For any collection of items, a function can be written that describes one of their properties under certain conditions. For example, the value(s) that this function outputs might be the mean (average) and standard deviation of a series of measurements over time, or it may group those values into buckets (the sort of data that might be displayed as a bar chart).
If you’re working with JSON or HTML (which is probably the case), these interface names make no sense. As is apparently the way with all DOM APIs, XMLHttpRequest wasn’t designed to be used directly. When an action (get, put, delete) is performed on a Resource, a Request is made to the URL of the resource.
Instead of sending hundreds of requests to the same domain at once, send them one at a time: each Request is added to a per-domain Queue. Google Plus was formed around one observation: most of the people on the web don't have URLs. For example, to show you which restaurants people you trust* have recommended in an area you’re visiting, a recommendation system needs to have a latitude + longitude for the area, a URL for each restaurant (solved by Google Places) and a URL for each person (solved, ostensibly, by Google Plus).
People might be leaving reviews in TripAdvisor, or Yelp, and there’s no obvious way to tie all those people together into any kind of coherent social graph. Google Plus has an extremely clever way of linking together all those accounts, which involves starting with one trusted URL (Google Plus account), linking to another URL (GitHub, say), then linking back from that URL to your Google Plus account to prove that you own the GitHub account and can write to it.
The problem is (and the question “why” is an interesting one), even after people had their Google Plus account, they didn’t use it to post reviews. When Google tried to connect YouTube accounts to Google Plus accounts, and failed, it was because people felt that those personas were distinct, and wanted the freedom to do certain things on YouTube without having it show up on their “personal record” in Google Plus. This also perhaps explains why people are wary of using Google Plus authentication to sign in to an untrusted site - they’re not so much worried about Google knowing where their accounts are, but also that the untrusted site might create a public profile for them without asking, and link it to their Google Plus profile. Anyway, Google Plus is going away as a social network, and maybe even as a public profile, but the data’s still going to be connected together behind the scenes - perhaps using fuzzier, less explicit connections as a basis for recommendations and decision-making. You might notice that the published property is represented as a String, when it would be easier to use as a Date object.
From this definition, you can see that the publishedDate property has a dependency on the published property: any computed properties should be updated when any of its dependencies are updated. This is fine when the dependencies are all stored locally, but it’s also possible to imagine data that’s stored elsewhere.
The Resource object used above is a Web Resource, part of a library I built to make it easier to fetch and parse remote resources. In either of those cases, the data is being fetched asynchronously, and a Promise is returned. I talked about this kind of thing at XTech in 2008, illustrating the object as a Katamari Damacy-style of “ball of stuff”, being passed around various different services and accumulating properties as it goes.
Talis’ data platform had a similar feature, where results from a SPARQL query could be augmented by passing each result through another data store, matching on identifiers and adding selected properties each time. The SERVICE feature of Wikidata’s SPARQL endpoint is also similar: it takes an object in each result and passes it to a specific service, assigning the resulting data to a specified property. In OpenRefine, remote data can be fetched from web services and added to each item in the background.
The web is no longer a desktop publishing platform, it’s most often a networked medium for machine-machine communication. All the old “features” that came part and parcel with printed documents are relics of an age where information was fixed in stone (well, wood pulp). Emscripten comes with its own SDK, which bundles the specific versions of clang and node that it needs. I’ve made a fork of xml.js which a) allows all the command-line arguments to be specified, so can be used for validating against a DTD rather than an XML schema, and b) allows a list of files to be specified, which are imported into the pseudo-filespace so that xmllint can access them.
For third-party libraries, you can either download production-ready code manually to a lib folder and include them, or install with Bower to a bower_components folder and include them directly from there. The benefit of this approach is that you can edit the source files through GitHub’s web interface, and the site will update without needing to do any local building or deployment. Keep the config files in the root folder, but move the app’s source files into an app folder. Use Gulp to build the Bower-managed third-party libraries alongside the app’s own styles and scripts. While keeping the source files in the master branch, use Gulp to deploy the built app in a separate gh-pages branch.
The actual app source files (index.html, app styles, app-specific elements) are in the app folder. Earlier this week I attended a “Big Data Investigation Workshop” run by British Library Labs as part of the International Digital Curation Conference.
The workshop was an introduction to working with tools for cleaning, analysing and visualising collections of data: OpenRefine (which is great but showing its age), Tableau (which is ridiculously impressive) and Gephi (which has fast graph layout but lacks usability). As the workshop was co-organised by the Internation Crime Fiction Research Group, the theme of the data was “Crime Fiction”. Although the news story didn’t link to any source data, it almost certainly came from the Electoral Commision’s register of donations to political parties. Running a basic search of the Electoral Commision’s register, with no filters, produced a CSV file containing all registered donations since 2001, which we then loaded into Tableau Public (Tableau’s limited, free desktop application for data visualisation). The first visualisation was a simple bar chart of the total donations to each party, including only “political party” recipients, coloured according to the type of donation. The next visualisation was a summary of the donations from the individuals named in the news story.
Getting Tableau to recognise UK postcodes is a bit tricky, as it doesn’t recognise the full postcode - we had to write a function to separate out only the first part of the postcode.
I’d been making graphs of Spotify’s “Related Artists” network, but was finding that pieces of the graph often remained disconnected. To connect these disparate parts of the network, I queried last.fm for the top tags that had been attached to each artist, and added those to the graph. This brought the network together nicely, so I applied it to a larger data set: all the unique artists that had ever been played on a particular BBC 6 Music radio show.
The full graph of artists and their tags was interesting, but to get a clearer overview of the show’s musical themes, the artist nodes were hidden after the graph had been laid out (using Gephi's "Force Layout 2" algorithm).
This left just the tags, laid out in two dimensions, where the most similar tags are closest together and the most frequently used are largest.
As some of the labels were overlapping, I used Gephi’s "Label Adjust" layout algorithm to shift their positions enough that most of the overlapping was avoided. One problem was that when several artists shared the same name, irrelevant tags would be attached to an artist. In a sense, the artists are the “dark matter” of the graph: they pull the tags together and organise their macroscopic structure, but remain invisible in the final, visible map. It may be that a highly-concentrated cluster of artists (as well as one or two very loosely-connected artists) pushed some tags further apart than they deserved to be.
Process those two CSV files into a list of pairs of connected identifiers suitable for import into Gephi.
Switch to the Preview window and adjust the colour and opacity of the edges and labels appropriately.
It would probably be possible to automate this whole sequence - perhaps in a Jupyter Notebook. Among CartoDB’s many useful features is the ability to merge tables together, via an interface which lets you choose which column from each to use as the shared key, and which columns to import to the final merged table. CartoDB can also merge tables using location columns, counting items from one table (with latitude and longitude, or addresses) that are positioned within the areas defined in another table (with polygons). I've found that UK parliamentary constituencies are useful for visualising data, as they have a similar population number in each constituency and they have at least two identifiers in published ontologies which can be used to merge data from other sources*.
Once the parliamentary constituency shapefile has been imported to a base table, any CSV table that contains either of those identifiers can easily be merged with the base table to create a new, merged table and associated visualisation.
So, the task is to find other data sets that contain either the OS “unit id” or the ONS “GSS code”. Given an index of CSV files, like those in CKAN-based stores such as data.gov.uk, how can we identify those which contain either unit IDs or GSS codes? As Thomas Levine's commasearch project demonstrated at csvconf last year, if you have a list of all (or even just some) of the known members of a collection of typed entities (e.g. In a General Election, the residents of each UK parliamentary constituency elect one Member of Parliament to represent them in the House of Commons. Each party can nominate a maximum of one candidate per constituency, often chosen from a shortlist of potential candidates in a selection contest. Candidates who wish to stand for election must submit their nomination papers within one week after the notice of election has been published (i.e.
However, candidates usually start their campaigning several months earlier, and their intention to stand for election will often be announced in a local newspaper.
AndyJS’ spreadsheet and a derived list of candidates by constituency, via the Vote UK Forum. Dods People, a commercial monitoring service, used as the data source for the MHP General Election Campaign Outlook (GECO). As well as prospective parliamentary candidates, some MPs will be contesting their seats again, and some will be standing down. Every 5 years, the Boundary Commissions for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland review the UK parliamentary constituency boundaries. The last completed Boundary Review recommended 650 constituencies, and took effect at the General Election in 2010.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has produced a guide to parliamentary constituencies and a map of the current constituencies. The Office for National Statistics publishes a CSV file listing the names and codes for each parliamentary constituency (650 in total), under the Open Government License. The parliamentary constituencies of England are named in The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007. The Ordnance Survey produces the Boundary-Line data, which includes an ESRI Shapefile for the boundary of each parliamentary constituency.
The Ordnance Survey’s administrative geography and civil voting area ontology includes a “hasUnitID” property, which provides a unique ID for each region, and a “GSS” property that is the ONS’ code for each region. The Boundary-Line Shapefile includes the Unit ID (OS) and GSS (ONS) code for each constituency, so they can easily be used to merge the boundary polygons with other data sources in CartoDB.
If using CartoDB’s free plan, it is necessary to use a version of the Boundary-Line Shapefile with simplified polygons, to reduce the size of the data. Following the next Boundary Review, the number of constituencies will be reduced from 650 to 600 by the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act, introduced by the current coalition government.
Via Nautilus’ excellent Three Sentence Science, I was interested to read Nature’s list of “10 scientists who mattered this year”. One of them, Sjors Scheres, has written software - RELION - that creates three-dimensional images of protein structures from cryo-electron microscopy images. I was interested in finding out more about this software: how it had been created, and how the developer(s) had been able to make such a significant improvement in protein imaging. I was hoping for a link to GitHub, but at least the source code is available (though the “for free” is worrying, signifying that the default is “not for free”).
On the RELION Wiki, the introduction states that RELION “is developed in the group of Sjors Scheres” (slightly problematic, as this implies that outsiders are excluded, and that development of the software is not an open process).
The file is downloaded over HTTP, with no hash provided that would allow verification of the authenticity or correctness of the downloaded file.
There’s an AUTHORS file, but it doesn’t really list the contributors in a way that would be useful for citation. Original disclaimers in the code of these external packages have been maintained as much as possible. The source code for RELION should be in a public version control system such as GitHub, with tagged releases. The CHANGELOG should be maintained, so that users can see what has changed between releases.


There should be a CITATION file that includes full details of the authors who contributed to (and should be credited for) development of the software, the name and current version of the software, and any other appropriate citation details.
Each public release of the software should be archived in a repository such as figshare, and assigned a DOI. There should be a way for users to submit visible reports of any issues that are found with the software. The parts of the software derived from third-party code should be clearly identified, and removed if their license is not compatible with the GPL.
For more discussion of what is needed to publish citable, re-usable scientific software, see the issues list of Mozilla Science Lab's "Code as a Research Object" project. I used a PHP client to connect to Twitter’s streaming API as I was interested in seeing how it handled the connection (the client needs to watch the connection and reconnect if no data is received in a certain time frame). The streaming API uses OAuth 1.0 for authentication, so you have to register a Twitter application to get an OAuth consumer key and secret, then generate another access token and secret for your account. The dat server that was started earlier with dat listen is listening on port 6461 for clients, and is able to emit each incoming tweet as a Server-Sent Event, which can then be consumed in JavaScript using the EventSource API. Big companies (Google, IBM, Wolfram) are positioning themselves to be the repository where sensors store their data. Other companies are building platforms for applications to make use of that data in real-time.
There’s a piece missing: it should be possible to query those data stores to build up a snapshot of information, then document and publish the collection of data (and the harvesting process) for others to read and explore. Firstly, seed-harvester imports an initial collection of items (which may be as simple as a list of identifiers or URLs) from CSV, JSON, or a JavaScript function that fetches the initial data set. Secondly, leaf-builder provides an interface for adding leaves (properties; computed or otherwise) to each item of the data set. Thirdly, vege-table itself extends HTML tables to present the collection of items, generating a row for each item and a column for each leaf. Once all the leaves have been added, the data collection can be published by exporting the table description and data files, placing them in the same folder as the main index.html file, and switching off the database. In one day, two separate authors demonstrated that they’ve solved the problem of “how to publish your research on the web”.
Dominic Tarr analysed the performance of different JavaScript cryptographic libraries, and Jure Triglav collected tweets mentioning sunny weather and correlated them to actual weather reports. The reports are online for anyone to read, and the code and data are in version-controlled repositories, with instructions for anyone to reproduce them.
The README file describes the purpose of the project, the dependencies, what was tested, how to reproduce the experiments, and what license the project is released under. The process for generating the data (a Bash script that calls node commands) is present, and its usage is documented in the human-readable README. All the machine-readable metadata needed for the project, including the list of dependencies, is present in package.json. The results are written up as a paper in Markdown (including figure images directly from the output folder). The data is continuously updated in the background, and the figures and text are updated in real time. Note that neither of the reports have “references” sections at the end, for the simple reason that they don’t need to: if they need to refer to anything, they just need to link to it in the (hyper)text.
The Microdata DOM API allows JavaScript programs to read and write data embedded in HTML as Microdata. As specified by the W3C Working Group, document.getItems(itemtype) returns a collection of all the elements with an itemscope attribute in the current document that have the given itemtype attribute. Each itemscope element has a properties object that provides access to all of the element's itemprop descendants (either contained directly or referenced elsewhere in the document using the itemref attribute). These methods and properties allow the program to access all the Microdata nodes and values in the document. The HTML is very simple: a single container for the whole card, with two sections inside - one for the front and one for the back.
If you can't tell why a technology would be useful to you, it's not for people, it's for the robots. Google Glass provides machines with vision and access to a network of institutional knowledge. Bitcoin allows machine-machine transactions to be processed without needing any evaluation of trust. Stephanie Haustein and colleagues recently described the lack of correlation between tweets about an article (using Altmetric data from July 2011 - December 2012) and formal citations of the article. I decided to look at the data for smaller sets of articles, published in specific journals. Import a CSV file, with columns "doi" and "citations", to a new project named "citations_scopus". This tutorial explains how to upload files to Dropbox, Google Drive, Box, and OneDrive without downloading to PC.
So to help you out with this problem, I have written this tutorial which will tell you how to upload any file to Dropbox without downloading to PC. Step 2: Enter the URL of the file in the first text box and choose the cloud service where you want to store the file. Step 5: After successful authorization, you will see the files and folders created by you on Dropbox.
This option is suitable for all situations, except when users do not have access to a phone. The downside is, it is not a toll-free call, so standard long distance tolls from your phone company may apply (although most cell phone users will already have free long distance).
VOIP is nice because people don’t have to dial a phone number, they can just instantly speak. Although we have heard of some users who use both by also speaking into a phone and into their comptuter mic, then when someone asks a question, they repeat the question to all.
The conference call number and access code for your VyewBook meeting room can by found by clicking the Conference Call button in the right sidebar panel beneath the UserList. You can think of Vyew collaboration as red-lining a printed page, except in an online meeting. In our view, the most efficient way to review is to allow people to mark over the document, and not edit it directly.
If, the last time you opened this VyewBook, you closed your browser while a page was still in the middle of loading, Vyew may think that the page crashed, when it really didn’t. When you select this link, Published Book Options will open up, the code provided can be used in any webpage to embed your Vyew book inside your pages.
Simply selecting the published book you wish to delete (see above), and hitting the Delete button.
Vyew provides multi-format uploads, whiteboarding, desktop sharing, screen capture, Voice-Over-IP, Video, and Teleconferencing. Participant limits: Free registered users have a limit of 20 people, the highest paid account has a limit of 100 people.
Invitations: Vyew provides an Invitation Manager so you can invite people specifically and manage what rights they have when they come in.
Default User Type -- When people come in that are not invited, they're usertype, which determines what they can and can't do, can be set to a Viewer (can only look), Reviewer (can only add content, not delete), Collaborator (can add and delete content), or Moderator (Can do everything, including change other people's rights). You can select a portion of your equation and then use the buttons across the botton to Copy, Cut, or Paste. There is only one owner per VyewBook, they can do everything including set the rights of other users. A moderator is like an owner, except they cannot change the VyewBook settings of the book, such as, the Access Control settings of a VyewBook. When you change pages in a VyewBook, you can force everyone to follow you by turning on SYNC MODE. The SYNC button is to the left of the Page Navigation bar, along the top bar of the VyewBook interface.
When you are giving a presentation, we expect you to have SYNC Mode ON, so that everyone will follow you from page to page. Besides inviting them, you can also email people yourself with the URL of the VyewBook meeting.
Users who have access to this content will be able to make duplicates, edit or markup and store it for themselves. When mult-page content is uploaded (such as a Word Doc, Powerpoint or PDF), it becomes multiple pages in the VyewBook (meeting space).
If you upload 2 separate documents into one VyewBook, each document has its own pages linked to themselves.
When you resize one page, all other pages of that particular document is resized, but not the other document. In the VyewBook, goto the Plugin Menu (puzzle piece icon in the top toolbar), select the MP3 Player. VoiceNotes is a very easy way to record audio directly into a VyewBook for users to play back later.
Now when users click on that comment, they can play your recording back through their speakers. It could be that you have 2 internet explorers open, or 1 Internet explorer and one Firefox. Yes, you can easily customize the look and feel of the Vyew user interface to suit your needs. Customize the look of the Vyew user interface to suit your needs with Custom Color Themes and Custom Branding. Host a live web conference, teleconference and text-chat with up to 20 participants (FREE version). Author presentation content similar to PowerPoint and work collaboratively on text documents.
Print your work or publish read-only versions to the web, including embedding within other web sites such as your web site, blog, MySpace and even HTML emails.
Vyew (pronounced “view") is a next-generation online collaboration and web conferencing service that brings people and content together.
Any webcam issues are usually between your Webcam and your Operating System, or The Webcam and Flash itself.
Using the Webcam on a Mac is slightly more problematic because when choosing the webcam device from Flash, it may show up to 3 other devices, such as USB and Firewire devices. This will force a SYNC event accross all your members and they then, should see exactly what you see. Vyew is a FREE next-generation online collaboration and web conferencing service that brings people and content together. Inside Vyew you can author new content and collaborate with PowerPoint, Word, Excel, and PDF files, plus audio, video and images. Help » How can I change my email address, profile information, or other account settings?
To let everyone access your VyewBook anytime, you can set it to "Open to Anyone" which will effectively leave your VyewBook unlocked. VyewBooks set to "Owner Only" can only be accessed by the owner - the person who created the VyewBook. NOTE: If you invite people to a VyewBook then change the Access Control setting to "Owner Only", those invites will not be let in and will be referred to your Public Lobby (see below). Yes, you can password protect a VyewBook using the VyewBook Settings, found under the "Book" menu. NOTE: This option can be very useful for impromptu, ad-hoc meetings with person that have not been formally invited to a VyewBook that has been set to "Invites Only". That VyewBook will be shown as "Public" in your "My Home > My VyewBooks" dashboard and made available in your Public Lobby.
NOTE: You can choose to send people to your Public Lobby in the case that you need to schedule and provide details for a meeting but have not yet created or completed the VyewBook for that meeting. When you have finished your session, you can simply navigate away from Vyew or close the browser window Vyew is in.
If you purchased this optional Add-on, you can set it up or change it by clicking on "Account Settings" under the "Main Menu", then click on "Edit" next to "Custom Room ID".
If you have added the Custom Color Theme Add-on to your subscription, you will be allowed to customize a color theme to your liking.
Use the Select Tool in the drawing toolbar to select the object to be moved, then simply click-and-drag the object where desired on the page.
After cutting or copying an object, you can navigate to another page and Paste it on the new page.
There is no storage space limit, however, we do set a cap on the number of certain types of files that users can upload into Vyew during any given month. NOTE: The screen capture dialog box will stay "always on top" until closed, allowing you to navigate your applications and easily upload multiple screen captures to your VyewBook. To change the order of the pages, simply click-and-drag any page icon to where you want the new page. Use the Select Tool on the drawing toolbar and click on the object you wish to select, or use the Select Object filtering option to select a specific object by name. Files can be inserted directly from your computer's hard-drive, from a web URL, or from your Vyew "My Files" (previously uploaded files). Enter the email address(es), a customized message (optional), set their User Permissions, and click "Send Invite(s)".
Any participant can change their display name using via the Userlist Options Menu in the Userlist. Your browser window will automatically minimize, and Desktop Sharing will start - persons in your VyewBook will begin seeing a live stream of what's showing on your desktop and an animated mouse cursor to follow your actions.
NOTE: The average frame rate of Vyew's Desktop Sharing is 1 frame per 1-3 seconds, depending on connection speed. Use the Filter by User tool to view objects, including white-board annotations and embedded comments, added by specific persons over time.
Simply click on a person's name to see just what that person has contributed, filtering out all other person's input. Currently we accept Visa and Mastercard credit cards, and soon will also accept American Express. NOTE: Make sure you click "Submit" after making any changes to ensure your changes are saved. If you purchased this optional Add-on, you can set it up or change it by clicking on "Account Settings" under the "Main Menu" (see above), then click on "Edit" next to "Custom Room ID".
When you invite people via the Invite People mechanism, you can define the Permission Satus of the persons you're inviting. In the userlist pod (upper right corner of the VyewBook), you can click on their name to change their permission status. Vyew (pronounced 'view') was born of a vision to merge virtual space with human interaction, empowering users to communicate and collaborate with each other remotely. Use coupon code RCHD-FREE-SHIP when you check out (the shipping cost for this product will be deducted for Air Parcel). One limitation of the data used here is that the dates of each tweet and citation are not known; it might be interesting to correlate tweets and citations during specific windows of time after article publication. To avoid this, everyone in the system is given a task that is guaranteed to give each participant an equal chance of completing first - a chance which is increased only by how much work they do. When it turned out that he wasn’t going to be writing any more, I spent some time trying to work out why. Also, some people might add high-quality information, but others might not know what they’re talking about.


To teach yourself about a topic, you need to be a collector, which means you need access to the objects. It could contain metadata for each item (allowable up to a point - Aaron was good at pushing the limits of what information was actually copyrightable), but some books remained in copyright. He also saw that this would require politicians being open about their dealings (but became sceptical about the possibility of making everything open by choice; he did, however, create a secure drop-box for people to send information anonymously to reporters).
Each resource and property was only defined in terms of other nodes and properties, like a dictionary defines words in terms of other words. If an AI is given misleading information it could make wrong decisions, and if an AI is not given access to the information it needs it could also make wrong decisions, and either of those could be calamitous. Your eye analyses the light arriving from the tree, and your brain tries to summarise the wavelengths that it’s seeing. To be able to understand the shared properties of items in a group, and differences from items in a different group, is to begin to understand them.
They’ve read Tim Berners-Lee’s books, and understand that there are Resources out there, with URLs that can be used to fetch them. And that’s before you get into the jQuery.ajax option names (data for the query parameters, dataType for the response type, etc). It also doesn’t return a Promise, though there’s an onload event that gets called when the request finishes. Even with Gmail, there's no way to say that the person you email is the same person who's left a review, unless they have a URL (i.e. Now that both of those URLs are trusted, either of them can be used as the basis of a new trusted connection: linking from the trusted GitHub URL to a Flickr URL, and then from the Flickr URL to the trusted Google Plus URL (or any other trusted profile URL), is enough to prove that you also own the Flickr account and can write to it. In this case, when the published property is updated, the publishedDate property is also updated. The intense focus is on performance of Blink as a platform for mobile applications, and not at all on document rendering features. Hardly anyone writes English (though a lot of people, and some machines, can read it to some extent). This makes running xmllint in the browser much more like running xmllint on the command line. We added a filter on the donor name, searched for their surname and selected those names which matched (there were several variations on each donor’s name in the database), then used Tableau’s grouping to group together the name variations.
Once this was done, Tableau easily mapped the location of each donor, to produce the final visualisation: a map of each donation to a political party, coloured according to the recipient party and sized according to the value of the donation. To avoid this, only the artists that had been given MusicBrainz IDs in the BBC data were included, and these MBIDs were used to query last.fm for tags. I'd like to be able to do the same thing in D3, as Gephi is quite awkward to use, and has cropped the node labels when exporting the above images (it seems to only take the nodes into account when cropping the output, and not their labels). Fusion Tables creates a virtual merged table, allowing updates to the source tables to be replicated to the final merged table as they occur. The UK parliamentary constituency shapefiles published by the Ordnance Survey as part of the Boundary-Line dataset contain polygons, names and two identifiers for each area: one is the Ordnance Survey’s own “unit id” and one is the Office for National Statistics’ “GSS code”. Although there’s usually a property name in the first row, there’s rarely a datapackage.json file defining a basic data type (number, string, date, etc), and practically never a JSON-LD context file to map those names to URLs. For example: country names (a list of names that changes slowly), members of parliament (a list of names that changes regularly), years (a range of numbers that grows gradually), gene identifiers (a list of strings that grows over time), postcodes (a list of known values, or values matching a regular expression).
The Boundary-Line data is published under the OS OpenData license, which incorporates the Open Government License. On that page is a link to “Download RELION for free from here”, which leads to a form, asking for name, organisation and email address (which aren’t validated, so can be anything - the aim is to allow the owners to email users if a critical bug is found, but this shouldn’t really be a requirement before being allowed to download the software).
They are difficult to find: trying to download XMIPP hits another registration form, and BSOFT has no visible license.
Apart from the folder name, the only way to find out which version of the code is present is to look in the configure script, which contains PACKAGE_VERSION=‘1.3’. The data table is paginated, sortable, filterable, and includes footer rows that summarise columns using facets where appropriate. This is most likely what people will see first, so it links to the code repository for all the information needed to repeat the experiments. In theory this is good, but as it’s published in a system that doesn’t yet have version control, there’s no ability to compare past versions.
However, browsers never fully supported the API, and are dropping any native support that did exist. However, in order to provide this flexibility, the DOM API can be quite long-winded when reading the value of a single property, which is most often what's needed. A5), divided into two equal halves (front and back), produced using only HTML and CSS (and a PDF conversion).
After writing a few scripts to fetch and parse data to CSV from various web services, using the DOI as the key for each row, I realised that it would be easier to gather the data in OpenRefine by incrementally adding columns. If you are one of those users who do most of their work over the Internet and also uses the cloud services like Dropbox to store files, then you must have faced the annoying situation of first downloading and then uploading them to the cloud. But, since the VOIP option is Uniplex, it is not very useful when more than 4 or 5 people want to have a conversation.
You can draw over, write text over, add sticky notes, or add other documents (doc,excel,jpg,png,swf,ppt,pdf,etc). If your browser becomse slow or unresponsive, refresh, and next time you see that error, Delete the Page.
Collaboration can take place in live in real-time, or over time, at each users convenience. It holds content (powerpoints, images, drawings, video, audio, pdfs, etc), and stores all content indefinitely, until a user deletes it.
It is designed to work very similarly to the Equation Editor in Microsoft Office 2007, so if you’ve used that, this should be simple to understand. To open it, in a VyewBook, goto the EDIT menu > Insert Plug-in (or use the Plugin shortcut along the top toolbar that looks like a puzzle-piece icon).
Also viewer’s do not broadcast their mouse cursor to the meeting, like collaborators, moderators and owners do. We have added new servers in other locations, so anyone who modified their firewall settings to allow Vyew to work needs to change their settings so that outgoing requests ANY IP ADDRESSES over ports 9100,9102,1935 are let through (not just a certain IP address range). Use Vyew for FREE as long as you like - there’s no limited time trial period = ZERO RISK to start using Vyew. Vyew subscriptions offer greater capacities, plus the ability to customize the collaboration experience and use Vyew Ad-Free. Let them white-board, annotate, draw, comment and post their own content, then come back and easily sort contributions made by different persons over time.
With Vyew you can host LIVE conferences and work collaboratively on content asynchronously over time, ANYTIME.
There is a bug in Vyew: sometimes a VyewBook page initially does not sync its zoom value to other users.
When set to this, only the persons you invite via Invite People will have access to the VyewBook.
Any person that enters the correct password will be let in, whether they've been sent an Emailed Invitation or not.
If you are logged-in to your account when this happens, you will receive a notice in the Userlist and can choose to immediately bring that person into the VyewBook you are currently working on.
NOTE: This will force a logout of Vyew, even if you previously checked "Keep me logged in" when you logged in.
Follow the steps above, then simply click the "Edit" button next to one of the standard color themes and use the eye dropper color tool or enter hex values to customize the color of each section of the user interface. This will activate the Object Controls: The top three controls are "Cut", "Copy", and "Duplicate".
The file upload limit is relevant to Microsoft Office and Adobe PDFs only, and the limit varies by account type.
You can click to a specific page, flip through pages left and right, or jump to the start or end of the open VyewBook. Alternatively, you can complete a simple registration process to become a Registered User of our FREE version. For example, a Moderator might want to jump ahead to edit a page prior to discussion during a live conference. During live conferences, the Owner or Moderator needs to toggle to Sync Mode to make all persons see what they see. This frame rate is sufficient for most situations but will not work well in situations where viewing of video or animation needed. To name a page, use the dropdown to navigate to the page you want to name, then type in the textbox at the top of the Page Navigator. The old "red arrow" pointer has also been placed in the Rubber Stamp Library, in case people still want to use it.
To use, select the Line Tool, then click the "Arrow" checkbox above the "Thickness Slider" on the sidebar. FREE users can chose from a handful of pre-configured color themes while paid subscribers with the Custom Color Theme add-on can customize the colors of the UI any way they like. For all non-English and non-Latin-based character sets, be sure that "Text Smoothing" is OFF in your "Account Settings" under the Main Menu. Asian, Cyrillic, Arabic and other non-Latin character sets will default to "Text Smoothing: Off".
The page number of each person logged-in to the VyewBook is shown in the Userlist next to their name. Also, a Flagging feature per comment has been added, to help draw users' attention to the comment (comment turns RED).
VyewBooks are easy to organize (for example, by project or customer), can be switched on-demand during sessions, and can be set to be "always on" for users to edit over time, anytime. Much like Microsoft PowerPoint, Vyew's object layering gives users the ability to easily scale and move objects, bring them forward or send them backward, as well as copy and paste between pages and VyewBooks.
For example, VyewBook creators can share a presentation for commenting or editing, and easily go back and sort who added what. If you are a yearly subscriber and pre-paid for service, you can only cancel your account after your current subscription term expires. I didn’t find out why the writing had stopped, exactly, but I did get some insight into why it might have started. If everyone had their own wiki, and you could choose which trusted sources to subscribe to, you’d be able to collect just the information that you trusted, augment it yourself, and then broadcast it back out to others.
The colours might cycle over time, as day and night pass, and they might cycle over longer periods, as seasons pass. The further away you look, the greater likelihood that the colour of a tree will be more different from the closest trees - the variance within the collection will increase. If this property was bound to the original table, you would see the new values being filled in as the data arrives! If this was available it would be ideal, as then the bower_components folder could be left out of the built app. In particular, we looked at a recent news story in The Independent, which stated that “three senior figures at scandal-hit [HSBC] bank donated ?875,000" to the Conservative Party in recent years. Pleasingly the totals almost exactly matched those given in the news story, for the three named donors. There’s no way to know what has changed from the previous version, as the previous versions are not available anywhere (this also means that it’s impossible to reproduce results generated using older versions of the software). Happily, this is the format in which Twitter’s streaming API provides information, so it's ideal for piping into dat. Once a leaf has been attached to an item, the data added can then be used to build further leaves. That’s ok though, as long as it’s saved in the Internet Archive whenever someone refers to it.
I've written a jQuery plugin that provides equivalent functions and makes them easier to use.
Although, it doesn’t affect the productivity if the files are small in size, but it can be really frustrating experience when they are of bigger size.
I will explain the further steps using Dropbox, but they are same for all of the supported cloud services. If you have super important information on that page that you must recover, please contact support for help. The difference between a Reviewer and Collaborator is a Collaborator can import content such as images, docs, pdfs, etc. How would this environment support a central repository of content (the pages in book) that would be used by a number of differnt sessions? If you left-click on one of them, you will notice in the context-sensitive menu there is a red LINK icon. We hold ourselves to high industry standards and a stringent moral code that is part of the culture of the Vyew team.
You can also author and publish rich multi-media presentations created in Vyew anywhere on the web! Built-in text chat and FREE teleconferencing make live collaboration sessions highly productive.
When the live conference concludes, and the Owner and all Moderators have left the session, the VyewBook will default back to Un-sync Mode automatically. The last screen of your desktop share will automatically be captured and can be annotated on. Anyone connected to the VyewBook Meeting will be able to hear them through their computer speakers. Simply become a Registered User and use the full-featured and fully functionality version of our latest product as long as you like.
With a Button, users can easily make any object hyperlink to another location - to different pages within the VyewBook, to another VyewBook, or to an external Web page (in the same window or a new window). Each of my online profiles on different sites is literally a different “profile”, and I only choose to link some of them together.
Authorship is immaterial (jk, partly), and when is anything ever authored by a single person, anyway? We believe in building trust and have taken careful consideration to build Vyew accordingly. Click "Apply Theme" and your chosen Color Theme will be applied to all of your VyewBooks (and also Published 'Vyewlets'). Please consider using only light colored themes to ensure that the black text will be seen by your participants.
To change the default to Sync Mode, select "Default this VyewBook to Sync Mode" via the Sync Toggle. Any in the meeting (who is a collaborator, moderator, or owner) can also press the "Push To Talk" button at anytime to cut in and speak for themselves. If and when you need more capacity or want more customization flexibility, you can subscribe starting with one of our low price Starter Packages. How do I move an object from one page to another?How do I layer images and objects on a page?How many files can I upload to Vyew? After exiting a VyewBook, the Sync Mode can be left as is, or switched to either Sync or Un-Sync.




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