2" Dual Compressor Control By-Pass System With Explosion Proof Electric Operators (includes Control Panel Modification).
Gas Production Unit with indirect heater, high and low pressure separators, glycol dehydrator with fuel gas scrubber, interpiping and instrument air.
Gas Production skid with indirect heater, high and low pressure separators, glycol dehydrator with interpiping and instrument air. The current debate over “peak oil” is both vigorous and contentious, reflecting the high stakes involved. Many discussions of “peak oil” only briefly consider the role of technology, as though it was not important in meeting petroleum product demand.
A meaningful discussion about any role technology plays needs a working definition of the term technology. Petroleum products reach consumers after passing through a multitude of complicated processes highlighted by several key steps.
A wide range of resources is available to anyone interested in learning about petroleum issues and many are online from the U.S. To help the reader grasp the magnitude of the petroleum industry on Earth, it is useful to know some contextual background information.
Optimists maintain that the future availability of petroleum crude oil is unlimited and there is no need to worry about satisfying rapidly increasing consumption, even though production in major mature fields is declining and the rate of major new discoveries is in danger of not keeping pace with reserves depletion. Our task in this article is to assume as a given that supplies of natural petroleum are unlimited and then attempt to answer the following question: What role does technology have in limiting our ability to meet current and future demand for petroleum products? There are many new and historical processes to synthesize liquid hydrocarbons from other natural fossil carbon sources that are not formally considered petroleum crude oil.


Pessimists assert that the historical peak in petroleum production is imminent and will herald dire shortages and political unrest.
We will endeavor to justify to the reader our conclusion that while technology does play a very important role in meeting our petroleum fuel needs, that role is dependent on investment and, ultimately, political priorities.
We may recall the old cartoon image of a cave man struggling to move a stone too heavy for him to budge.
This phase includes the exploration, drilling, discovery, well completion, production of the crude petroleum oil from the well, and transport to refineries. Technology provides the methods to either extract synthetic crude in the case of oil shale and tar sands or convert in the case of coal, bitumen, petroleum coke, petroleum resid, and certainly natural gas to the desired liquid hydrocarbons. There are many recent books out, as well as older sources and endless blogs one can peruse for further perspective.
This figure includes actual crude oil and the crude equivalents of light hydrocarbon liquids condensed from natural gas production. Other articles in this issue address the scientific objectivity and validity of these opposing viewpoints.
Then, he gets an idea (light bulb above head) and fashions the first lever made from a sturdy tree limb and he is then able to pry the stone to move in useful increments with reasonable effort. At the refinery, the raw crude oil is converted into its various petroleum products and from there transported to consumers.
All of the synthesis scenarios require gasifying the carbon source and are often lumped under the subject “gas to liquids” (GTL). Where a source is directly used it will be noted; otherwise the views are those of the author.


We will also have some commentary on the developing schemes to make use of the large, even vast, untapped natural methane resources in remote locations, including methane hydrates in permafrost and ocean bottoms. Ideas are initially intellectual curiosities and only become technology when they have demonstrated a practical ability to achieve a given useful economic result. This means that ~300 million people, only ~5% of the world’s population, consume one-quarter of the petroleum produced. In this sense, language and mathematics, for example, qualify as technology when applied to get a useful result. The value of technology is a function of the magnitude of its potential to create economic advantage. We will then review a range of technology choices we have available toward meeting increasing petroleum product demand, especially in developing countries, and we will project the likely consequences of these choices. The value of some technologies is so great that the political power structures are obliged to assert control over access.
Energy supplies and weapons of mass destruction are two such areas currently subject to careful monitoring and control. Even the optimistic oil supply proponents would have to admit that this level of greenhouse gas carbon dioxide emissions is asking for climatic problems.



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