Back in a 2011 preseason game, Lopez broke the fifth metatarsal bone in his foot which took him out of play for a good eight weeks.
The pressure to play was undeniable, considering the player’s $60 million, four-year contract. This year, Lopez has suffered two ankle injuries — the first, a left ankle sprain in a November 15th game against Phoenix and the second, a re-sprain in a December 19th game against the LA Clippers. He had another surgery on his foot January 4th, but there is some question as to whether this latest operation can truly repair the plagued player’s weakened bones that never seem to have enough time to heal. The fifth metatarsal is the long bone on the outside of the foot that connects with the baby toe. Trainers haven’t commented specifically on the nature of the Lopez injury, so we may never know for sure which type of injury he sustained. Often, recovery from a fifth metatarsal fracture can be somewhat active, including non-load-bearing activities like swimming and stretches like those pictured.
We wish Brook Lopez a successful recovery, and invite anyone with a foot fracture to visit our NYC sports medicine clinic to find a comprehensive team of skilled surgeons, physical therapists, podiatrists and sports medicine experts that can help.
If you have any foot problems or pain, contact The Center for Podiatric Care and Sports Medicine. Dr.
Digestive System of the human body is perhaps the most recognized part of all of the body systems as it entails knowledge about food intake – something we are all aware of. The human body needs to digest food and use the energy so that it is able to function efficiently, repair itself and remain healthy.
C) Segmentation: This is the gentle squeezing movements of the small intestine to allow for increased absorption of nutrients. Better known as the throat, it has the responsibility of passing food from the back of the mouth down to the esophagus.
The location of the stomach is on the left side of the abdominal cavity, near the diaphragm. In the form of a hose and taking up most of the physical space in the abdominal cavity, the small intestine forms part of the lower gastrointestinal tract. Weighing 3 pounds and triangular in shape, the liver, located to the right of the stomach, has many different functions.
By comparison the smaller pear shaped gallbladder has the role of storing and recycling excess bile from the small intestine in order for reuse in the digestion of forthcoming meals. The pancreas is connected to the duodenum from the head end and the tail end pointing to the abdominal cavity.
This is a longer and thicker tube than the small intestine and wraps around parts of the smaller intestine. As of today, the team is 10-21… right down there with the Orlando Magic, Sacramento Kings, and Cleveland Cavaliers. Avulsion fractures are commonly overlooked when they occur with an ankle sprain, according to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.


For professional athletes, it’s entirely possible to sustain both types of fracture if the bones do not come together and heal properly the first time around. Lack of blood flow: The fifth metatarsal (particularly where the Jones fracture occurs) is located in a high risk zone where there is decreased blood supply. Sclerosis: Unless the bone is allowed to heal at the onset of the initial fracture, the bone quality diminishes and the blood supply has less ability to penetrate and heal the bone.
Katherine Lai is Board Certified in Foot Surgery and has lectured extensively on The Diabetic Foot and Wound Care and on the Scope and Practice of Holistic Podiatry at an Integrative Medicine conference. Ryan Minara completed a 4 year Foot and Ankle residency from NY Hospital Queens where he was the Chief Resident.
Rivera specializes in the aesthetic correction of foot deformities and has an expertise in wound management and is fully bilingual in Spanish and English.
The digestive system consists of a group of organs which work together to convert food into energy and extract nutrients to feed the body as well as to excrete waste material. The amount of food in the mouth is an indication of how much the body can handle at any given time.
Secretion: About 7 litres of fluid is secreted by the body each day and include saliva (serves to moisten dry food), mucus (forms a protective barrier and lubricant within the GI tract), enzymes (breaks down protein, carbohydrates and lipids into smaller parts), bile (break down large lipids) and hydrochloric acid (digests food chemically and kills bacteria in the food). Peristalsis: A muscular wave of movement helping to move partially digested food down the tract. Digestion: This is the entire method of breaking down food from the mouth right through the stomach and excretion at the end.
Excretion: This is the final part of the digestive system and involves defecation of waste matter.
The pharynx plays a vital part in the respiratory system and this is finely balanced between allowing air through the air valve and food through the other one. As a muscular sac, the role of the stomach is to act much like a storage tank while the body has time to digest large meals properly.
As a coiled long thin tube, but with the ridges and folds allowing for more area space, the role of this intestine is to maximize the absorption of nutrients in the food during this stage of digestion.
As the second largest organ of the body its main function is to produce and secrete bile into the small intestine. In order to complete the chemical digestive process of food, the pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine. This part of the digestive system contains symbiotic bacteria which helps the break-down of waste to help absorb the remainder of the nutrients. Considering the fact that Brook Lopez suffered ankle sprains this year, it’s possible that an avulsion fracture was missed in one of his initial assessments. Given that Lopez has required surgical intervention, it’s also possible that he suffered this overuse injury. Any improper alignment between the leg and heel must be addressed with a designed orthotic to facilitate recovery.


Geldwert has successfully treated more than 40,000 sports injuries, so you can be sure you’re in good hands. Geldwert is Board Certified in Foot and Ankle Surgery and is a recognized authority on the most advanced surgical techniques to correct bunions and hammertoes. This movement helps to move the food from the esophagus through the stomach and intestines. In effect two processes are taking place simultaneously and that is the mechanical as well as the chemical breakdown of food.
The body needs to remove this waste matter to keep the gut clear from indigestible substances.
Once the teeth have cut the food into small chunks with the help of the moisture from the saliva, the tongue and together with other muscles help to push the food into the pharynx. This is where the divider of the two known as the epiglottis acts as a switch between food valve and the air valve known as the larynx plays a vital role. The role of the esophagus is to push the food into the stomach and the bottom part known as the cardiac sphincter keeps the esophagus closed thus preventing food from escaping the stomach.
The hydrochloric acid combined with the digestive enzymes break down the food further within the stomach itself to help digestion. The most recent fracture occurred during the Nets’ overtime loss to the Philadelphia 76ers on December 20th, but Lopez is no stranger to foot injury. Surgeons must also choose the right kind of screw and avoid making an incision that could jeopardize blood circulation and union. The whole process involves all the body organs are described in the anatomical section below. The teeth are sharp and grinding and the tongue has taste buds which help to give food the taste and texture we deserve.
Occasionally when we experience choking that is when the epiglottis has not made the switch effectively. Finally in the large intestine any remaining water and nutrients mainly vitamins B and K are absorbed before the remaining waste is excreted from the body.
Mariola Rivera DPM serving Westchester County, White Plains, Ardsley, Bronxville, Harrison NY, Larchmont, Mamaroneck, New Rochelle, Rye, Scarsdale, Rye Brook, Chappaqua, and the surrounding area. Please make an appointment to see us if you live in the NY metropolitan area or seek out a podiatrist in your area.



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