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Feltmaking is still practised by nomadic peoples in Central Asia and northern parts of East Asia, where rugs, tents and clothing are regularly made.
Mehmet girgic is a master Craftmen in Felt Making in Istanbul and we make our workshops in his Studio by himself or his assistants. History of Felts in Turkey,Felts have not been well preserved in Turkey as they were considered of little cultural significance. Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres. Mehmet Girgic is a master Craftmen in Felt Making in Istanbul and we make our workshops in his Studio by himself or his assistants called Theresa May O'Brien. In the lesson you will make the whole stages of a Felt making process and by the evening, you will be able to finish 1 item like a hat, bag, shoe, a scarf or a design that you choose..
Please send us an e-mail if you are interested in participating our classes as individual or a student group. Mystical craft guilds, known as ahi, in Ottoman Turkey oversaw the production and quality of felt and the behavior of its makers. Many Turkish baths (hamamlar) had designated areas dedicated to felt production, as their extreme heat and moisture provided an ideal environment for feltmaking, especially during the winter months. In a hybrid of the two methods of patterning felt previously mentioned, Anatolian craftsmen use partially felted fabric of varying colors called “pre-felt” to cut the patterns that form the decorative elements of the carpet, resulting in a more clearly defined design than ala khiz.
Next, the rug is unrolled, the edges are trimmed, and the pattern is adjusted before it is placed in a steaming machine for the fulling. In the neighboring province of Erzurum similar red caps are worn in the villages, and in the northwestern province of Kirklareli you will come across men wearing maroon felt fezzes.
Caucassian dances group is one of the most spectacular dances of Anatolia.A As many ethnic group, Caucasian people live and keep their original culture in harmony with all Anatolia. Anatolia is just like a marbling trough.A  Through thousands of years, hundreds of different civilization with many different colors, sound, rhythm has been composed in this area. Since then, dance and people's approach to dance have changed very much in turkey like many other things. It is a dance characterized by smooth, flowing, complex, and sensual movements of the torso, alternated with shaking and shimmy type moves.
The dancers often use some type of rhythm instrument to aid the musicians, or as the sole accompaniment to their dance. Belly dance is very popular in Turkey, You can see on TV, in wedding parties and there are many course and dance schools where belly dance can be learned.
There are so many kids of folk dance in Turkey that we cana€™t name just one of them as the Turkish folk dance.
Caucassian dances group is one of the most spectacular dances of Anatolia.A  As many ethnic group, Caucasian people live and keep their original culture in harmony with all Anatolia. He had answers for that question, and they were very good, very eloquent ones, even as I abbreviate them here. Sherlock Holmes was, he continued, a€?the personification of something in us that we have lost, or never had. I had read the Sherlock Holmes stories repeatedly for years before I first learned there was such a thing as the Baker Street Irregulars. I began to make many new friends when I joined the BSI in the early 1970s, in America, of course, and also in England and Canada, great English-speaking nations of the world. Then in 1979 I began to travel not only to England, but also other countries in my work at the Pentagon, and a secret of my professional life is that I always considered the Pentagon to be a personal extension of the National Endowment for the Humanities. So I arranged to meet some of the Sherlock Holmes Klubben members in Copenhagen during that visit, and others that followed in the 1980s.
I learned about The Cimbrian Friends of Baker Street, and we got together with Hanne and Aage Rieck-SA?rensen as well.
In the process, I discovered that the Cimbrian Friends, along with other members of the Klubben in Copenhagen, were devotees of another addiction of mine, P. That year, sooner than he had good reason to, Henry made me an honorary member of the Sherlock Holmes Klubben. So it meant a great deal to me, on my first visit to Aalborg, when he insisted upon adding me to his galleries of Sherlock Holmesa€™s and Dr. The second matter is a letter that I and six other American honorary Klubben members a€” Peter Blau, Ron De Waal, Bill Rabe, Ted Schulz, John Bennett Shaw, and Julian Wolff a€” sent Henry for his 80th birthday in 1988, after he had announced his retirement as Klubben president at the previous Januarya€™s dinner in Copenhagen. In his reply, he said he knew I had written the letter, and it warmed my heart to know he realized that. And I hope The Cimbrian Friends have archives, because I want to donate these letters to and from and about Henry to them. The last thing I want to recall, because nothing has ever taken their place, were the books Henry created and sent to his friends every Christmas a€” beautiful chapbooks that he took great pains over, about not only Sherlock Holmes but many other interests of his as well, like tobacco, and horse-racing, and of course Wodehousea€™s characters and stories. When I first attended the BSI annual dinner in New York in 1973, the custom of Standing upon the Terrace was new to me. It was Christopher Morley who first made explicit that aspect of our pastime, in 1944 in the sub-title he gave to a new book of his, Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Yet something else besides Victoriana was on his mind: a reflection about the essential nature of the Sherlock Holmes stories, prompting him to give his book the sub-title A Textbook of Friendship. Not long ago I needed to deal with this issue of friendship, as applies to Sherlockians themselves, in an historical novel about the Baker Street Irregulars that will be published this autumn. Thank you very much, and God bless the Cimbrian Friends of Baker Street and the memory of our dear friend Henry Lauritzen.
A A A  Sherlock Holmes was, he continued, a€?the personification of something in us that we have lost, or never had. A A A  I began to make many new friends when I joined the BSI in the early 1970s, in America, of course, and also in England and Canada, great English-speaking nations of the world. A A A  Then in 1979 I began to travel not only to England, but also other countries in my work at the Pentagon, and a secret of my professional life is that I always considered the Pentagon to be a personal extension of the National Endowment for the Humanities. A A A  I learned about The Cimbrian Friends of Baker Street, and we got together with Hanne and Aage Rieck-SA?rensen as well.
A A A  In the process, I discovered that the Cimbrian Friends, along with other members of the Klubben in Copenhagen, were devotees of another addiction of mine, P.
A A A  That year, sooner than he had good reason to, Henry made me an honorary member of the Sherlock Holmes Klubben. A A A  So it meant a great deal to me, on my first visit to Aalborg, when he insisted upon adding me to his galleries of Sherlock Holmesa€™s and Dr. A A A  The second matter is a letter that I and six other American honorary Klubben members a€” Peter Blau, Ron De Waal, Bill Rabe, Ted Schulz, John Bennett Shaw, and Julian Wolff a€” sent Henry for his 80th birthday in 1988, after he had announced his retirement as Klubben president at the previous Januarya€™s dinner in Copenhagen.
A A A  In his reply, he said he knew I had written the letter, and it warmed my heart to know he realized that. A A A  And I hope The Cimbrian Friends have archives, because I want to donate these letters to and from and about Henry to them.
A A A  The last thing I want to recall, because nothing has ever taken their place, were the books Henry created and sent to his friends every Christmas a€” beautiful chapbooks that he took great pains over, about not only Sherlock Holmes but many other interests of his as well, like tobacco, and horse-racing, and of course Wodehousea€™s characters and stories. A A A  When I first attended the BSI annual dinner in New York in 1973, the custom of Standing upon the Terrace was new to me. A A A  It was Christopher Morley who first made explicit that aspect of our pastime, in 1944 in the sub-title he gave to a new book of his, Sherlock Holmes and Dr. A A A  Yet something else besides Victoriana was on his mind: a reflection about the essential nature of the Sherlock Holmes stories, prompting him to give his book the sub-title A Textbook of Friendship.
A A A  Not long ago I needed to deal with this issue of friendship, as applies to Sherlockians themselves, in an historical novel about the Baker Street Irregulars that will be published this autumn.
A A A  Thank you very much, and God bless the Cimbrian Friends of Baker Street and the memory of our dear friend Henry Lauritzen. Our Artists : We have 12 different professional Artist from Fine Arts University in Traditional Turkish and Indian Henna designs. The ceremony held one day before the wedding in the home of bride and groom is called the henna night.
Usually dry henna brought by the bridegroom’s family is broken to pieces in a silver or copper vessel by a woman whose father and mother alive, not experienced any separation. Henna that has earlier kneaded with water is brought in on a tray surrounded by candles and placed in the middle of the room. While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials. Some of these are traditional items, such as the classic yurt, while others are designed for the tourist market, such as decorated slippers. But the writings of the seventeenth-century Turkish travel writer Evliya Celebi record many practical uses for felt. The craftsman placed his felt on raised platforms and exerted pressure by pounding his chest on the fleece in order to achieve the necessary shrinkage. Once the pre-felt elements are laid in position on the reed mat, they are covered evenly with the background fleece using a forked tool of cherry wood called a cubuk . One of their most interesting products is the stiff felt cloak known as kepenek worn by shepherds. In Hakkari in southeast Turkey people wear slippers known as refik, harik or herik, sewn from layers of felt and wool. They are blended, they get various shapes, but if you look and listen closely you can see the signs of all that great civilizations living in this picture.A  Turkish dance is one of the most lively and colorful themes of this picture.
So the geographic isolation diversity of racial and ethnic influences and cultural traditions has produced rich folklore both in towns and in the rural area.
Various other items used during dance such as snakes, swords, veils, and candles have magical, protective functions for primitive peoples that can still be found in the folk dances of these countries.
I fear my remarks will be very personal ones, for when I thought about what to say after Jens Byskov Jensen was kind enough to invite me to be tonighta€™s speaker, I was flooded with memories of past visits here, and what they have long meant to me. Smith, then and still the best and wisest man the Baker Street Irregulars have ever known, wrote an editorial called a€?The Implicit Holmesa€? for the brand-new Baker Street Journal.
And I still remember the excitement of that discovery a€” that there were others as besotted with the Sherlock Holmes stories as I was. It made sense to me that societies raised in the English language, rooted in English common law, and sharing the British literary heritage, would find common ground in the Sherlock Holmes stories. I spent a good deal of time with Niels-Jorgen Haagerup, with whom I had a professional as well as a literary link. I had Pentagon business at NATOa€™s Baltic Approaches Headquarters in Karup, and to me it seemed perfectly reasonable to stay in Aalborg, a scant 112 kilometers away. This was a long time ago, that first visit in 1980 a€” thirty years ago, but I am still enchanted by my memories of that visit.



Hea€™d sent the Klubben a subsequent letter saying that henceforth he would take it easy at the Klubbena€™s dinners and meetings, and perhaps enjoy an extra cigar and an extra drink. But while it had been my privilege and honor to write it, it expressed the view of all seven of us: in fact initially eight, but Bliss Austin a€” a prince of the realm if ever the Baker Street Irregulars have had one a€” had died before Henrya€™s birthday came round.
They belong here, to be preserved for the benefit of those to come who did not have the good fortune to know him.
These books took time, effort, care, and expense to produce, each one was a different facet of his personality, they were greatly valued by all who received them, and nothing has ever taken their place in the hearts of those fortunate enough to count Henry Lauritzen as a friend.
A young man in 1934 has met the Irregulars, and badly wants to be one, but confesses to Christopher Morley that he doesna€™t know the Canon as well as Morley and his friends. I could put those words in his mouth in good conscience because I knew he had felt that way, and because I knew them to be true myself.
I had Pentagon business at NATOa€™s Baltic Approaches Headquarters in Karup, and to me it seemed perfectly reasonable to stay in Aalborg, a scant 112 kilometers away.A  Karup had the NATO HQ, but Aalborg had Henry Lauritzen.
Betul is our professional Artist that is graduated from Mimar Sinan University department of fine Arts in Istanbul.
Our Artist meets with the guest and make henna for themselves for the special occasions like weddings according to the needs.
Upon request, we can organise a special Henna evening theme in Istanbul for weddings and Special events. It generally takes place at the girl’s home and among women, although either side can elect to host it. After preparing the bride, veil ornamented with red flake is placed over her head, and she is brought into the middle with hymn and folk songs about henna. In some places, the henna is first put on the hands of the bride and then distributed to the guests; in other areas the henna is first distributed to the guests, and only after everybody has left is it placed on the bride’s hands. After woman who came together for dying henna leave, close friend of the bride remain with her andenjoy the ceremony before the marriage. Felt can be of any colour, and made into any shape or size.Traditional Turkish Felt Making,Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres. In the palace at Bitlis, lemons and oranges were preserved in winter by wrapping them in felt; and, in Amasya, near Tokat, felt was used as a strainer for mulberry, grape, and quince juices. The story of Saint Clement and Saint Christopher relates that while fleeing from persecution, the men packed their sandals with wool to prevent blisters. In the Western world, felt is widely used as a medium for expression in textile art as well as design, where it has significance as an ecological textile. The last hamamlar that produced felt were in Konya and Urfa; by the last quarter of the twentieth century, many hand-felting processes were replaced by machines. Additional layers of fleece follow, each sprinkled with water through a long-fibered straw brush before being rolled in the reed mat, wrapped in plastic, and sent to a mechanical “kicking” machine for hardening, the first stage of the shrinkage process.
Every twenty minutes, the rug is removed and re-rolled both inside out and back to front to ensure even felting. These distinctive garments protect the wearer from heat in summer and from cold and wet in winter. They dance as a group, in couples or solo, As he offers you a seat, a tea, a warm and friendly welcome, NurdoAYan AzengA?ler turns his gaze from the walls of his studio to the dome of Hagia Sophia, to the Sea of Marmara.Light pours into the room, dances across the walls and reveals a large-framed picture of Hagia Sophia under the snow. Its unique rhetoric tells us the stories of central Asian shamans, ancient Anatolian heroes, Islamic traditions and westernization.A  It tells us the story of people in east-west tensions, humorous coexistence of Islamic tradition and modernity, and peoples from different ethnicities living together in harmony, in its homogenous, coherent and distinctive language. Whichever the real source of it, belly dance is taken in as a unique dance style, In every step, every movement you can see the hints of its originality and its rich heritage and traditional associations with both religious and erotic elements; because of this mystery, maybe, belly dance is loved by many people all around the world.
It was longer still before I read those words of Edgar Smitha€™s, but they remain as true for me today, decades later, as they were the first time I read them. Ita€™s true that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle had been notably deficient in appreciating Sherlock Holmes, but what did he know?
I liked Kristian Hasle Cordtz, whose recent death I was startled to learn of, from the last issue of Sherlockiana, and I was positively charmed by his elderly and courtly father Eigil Cordtz.
I dona€™t remember a thing about the BALTAP part of it, except that one or two more visits there seemed called for, during the next few years, always staying in Aalborg, of course.
But I appreciate receiving Sherlockiana even if I dona€™t read Danish: it reminds me, each time an issue arrives, of both absent friends and the universality of Sherlock Holmes. I used one of his caricatures of me on my personal stationery for years, until its striking resemblance fell victim to my increasing years, expanding waistline, and thinning hair.
Our letter congratulating him upon his birthday was accompanied by the best box of cigars and best bottle of cognac our agents in Denmark could buy, for Henry with our compliments and love a€” perishable gestures of an imperishable affection for him. Irregulars Stand upon the Terrace for many comrades, but there have not been many who meant as much as Henry did.
Having lost friends along the way, I am glad to return to Aalborg to see the Rieck-SA?rensens again. It was the first of his many books to be entirely devoted to Sherlock Holmes, and the first attempt by anyone to annotate the Canon for readers less familiar with the Victorian era, which must have seemed very distant in that fateful year of the Second World War. A moviea€™s other positive qualities dona€™t compensate very much, as far as wea€™re concerned, if it gets the Holmes-Watson relationship wrong. When the Sherlock Holmes stories seize someone this way, ita€™s because they speak to his fundamental values and ideal of friendship. I knew that because I have seen that Irregular friendship at work around me, and felt it myself, for forty years now. Ia€™m glad to be able to speak to you about Henry Lauritzen, my friend still even though long departed. And Henry was everything I could have hoped for, devoted to Sherlock Holmes, welcoming to all who shared that devotion, utterly charming, and hospitable to a fault. She is professional in Ottoman Calligraphy - Tile Design & Turkish Motives - Ottoman Paper Marbling. In Erzerum, where winters were long and houses built of stone, felt and canvas treated with beeswax served as insulation under the roof. At the end of their journey, the movement and sweat had turned the wool into felt socks.Feltmaking is still practised by nomadic peoples in Central Asia and northern parts of East Asia, where rugs, tents and clothing are regularly made. When an apprentice was ready to open his own shop, the masters were invited to a juried event, at which the apprentice demonstrated the making of a shepherd’s coat, prepared a meal for the judges, and gave a bar of olive oil soap to all in attendance.
Today, in the wool bazaar of Konya, fleece is washed in vast pools of water, aided by a mechanized, rake-like fork that agitates the fibers, before they are rinsed and hung to dry.
Here it is turned and pounded for three hours, or “kicked” by the feltmakers, who rhythmically roll the felt forward with their right foot and backward with their left, hands on their knees for pressure. This process continues for six hours, which causes shrinkage of forty percent and makes the felt impervious to moisture. Indoors, plain felt blankets made of white wool are spread over cushions for sitting on in winter, and felt mats are laid over both seats and beds. AzengA?ler talks about a child walking hand in hand with his father to the YenikapA± Mevlevihanesi (dervish lodge), listening to the women's prayers at the nearby Merkez Efendi Camii (mosque) -- a curious, talkative child whose gaze has wrinkled over the years but whose eyes sparkle with the same intensity. Oriental dance is uniquely designed for the female body, with an emphasis on abdominal muscles, hip moves, and chest moves. The snake is a complex symbol which represented both male and female principles, and also immortality in the form of the snake eating its tail.
The Sherlock Holmes stories are immortal, and the sentiments they arouse in us are what Smith said a€” timeless, and imperishable. This was a fairly new one for me, but one of long standing for Henry and Aage, and to Bjarne and Niels-Jorgen in Copenhagen, and no doubt others. I have not only my Klubben membership card signed by Henry in 1980, but a second one he gave me so I could mount them together, front and back, as you see here.
I used another in this 1980 article for Baker Street Miscellanea called a€?Sherlocki?? Holmes in Scandinavia,a€? which also included Henrya€™s caricatures of Aage here in Aalborg, Nils Nordberg in Oslo, Ted Bergman in Stockholm, and Henry himself a€” not to mention his colophon for The Cimbrian Friends of Baker Street. Eventually one Stands upon the Terrace for people we have come to know, then soon for people wea€™ve come to consider friends, and eventually for people wea€™ve come to love. Nigel Bruce was a likeable old dodderer, and might be all right for the great unobservant public, who can hardly tell a weaver by his tooth or a compositor by his left thumb, but he was not the Canona€™s Watson, no matter how good a Sherlock Holmes Basil Rathbone made. Irregular friendships, drawn from the priceless, timeless one between Sherlock Holmes and John H.
I used another in this 1980 article for Baker Street Miscellanea called a€?Sherlock Holmes in Scandinavia,a€? which also included Henrya€™s caricatures of Aage here in Aalborg, Nils Nordberg in Oslo, Ted Bergman in Stockholm, and Henry himself a€” not to mention his colophon for The Cimbrian Friends of Baker Street.
Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. Considerable attention is paid to charging a woman with a happy marriage, called the “basi butun” (meaning “whose head is complete”, in a sense, this describes her as someone who has a complete family with husband and children and whose marriage is whole, not separated by divorce) to knead and distribute the henna and apply it to the girl’s hand.
Felt can be of any colour, and made into any shape or size.Many cultures have legends as to the origins of feltmaking. In Bursa, during the month of July, the snow sellers brought ice wrapped in felt to the cities on mules.
The Surname (Book of Festivities) of Murad Ill, a manuscript of text and miniature paintings, commemorates the circumcision of Crown Prince Mehmet in Istanbul in 1582.
Carding—the aligning and separating of fibers—was originally done by hand, but is now accomplished by a machine with large steel teeth, that combs the fibers as they are fed through.
While it is a dwindling tradition, feltmaking workshops in Konyo, Afyon, Tire, Balikesir, Urfa, and Mardin still produce shepherd’s cloaks and carpets. Colourfully embroidered felt saddle cloths are spread beneath horses saddles to soak up the sweat. AzengA?ler speaks about himself, his love for his country, his culture and his art gallery, Les Arts Turcs. I knew there was a big Sherlock Holmes following in Scandinavia, and I also knew the liona€™s share of it was in Denmark. They had Sherlock Holmes collections, of course a€” Aagea€™s particularly impressive one included obscure items I wouldna€™t have guessed had ever found their way out of the United States. People throughout the Sherlockian world today recognize and prize Henrya€™s work, and I think always shall.
It is a bittersweet thing, year by year, making you realize that we are part of a great procession of men and women who have at the very least one thing in common, but that that is a very great and wise thing: we all perceive something special in the Sherlock Holmes stories, and not only in them, but in each other. Nothing in our lives since a€” careers, experience of war, occasionally crushing family responsibilities a€” effaces the memory of boyhood wonder and delight. The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to a sheet of paper (or other surfaces such as fabric).
The woman places the henna on one of the bride’s hands, and a young girl places it on the other. They also transported ice in felt bags for the court kitchens, harem, and Grand Vizier in Istanbul.


In the Western world, felt is widely used as a medium for expression in textile art as well as design, where it has significance as an ecological textile.Traditional Turkish Felt Workshop by Mehmet Girgic,mehmet girgic is a master Craftmen in Felt Making in Istanbul and we make our workshops in his Studio by himself or his assistants.
The imperial celebration lasted for fifty two days and nights and included a procession of the Istanbul guilds. Felt was once an indispensable part of daily life, also used to make saddle bags, shoes, headgear, mats, prayer rugs, and many other garments and household objects in various colors. I know he enjoyed drawing Sherlock Holmes subjects, but he never hesitated when asked to do one or two, or even more, for somebody else. The principle was as true then, and as true now, as it was in 1944 for Morley, in a world and time far more fractured and troubled than todaya€™s.
Our devotion to that body of timeless, imperishable literature is an expression of the possibility and value of friendship. This decorative material has been used to cover a variety of surfaces for several centuries. Evliya also describes the clothing of the men making canons in the arsenal, who wore felt clothing to save their bodies from the “blazes of hell.”hakan hacibekiroglu,Mystical craft guilds, known as ahi, in Ottoman Turkey oversaw the production and quality of felt and the behavior of its makers. The manuscript states, ”The felt makers were dressed in bizarre and fearsome costumes with robes and turbans made (made both inside and out) of colored felt. In the eastern province of Agri you can still see men wearing the traditional kullik, a conical brown or white felt cap made from lamb’s wool. The room is lined with shelves; the shelves are loaded with books, crafts, clothes, jewelry and CDs.
I always had a wonderful time in Copenhagen, though perhaps that time with Bjarne was pushing things a bit. In the 1980s when I co-edited Baker Street Miscellanea, he did any number of drawings for our pages, and everyone loved the humor in them.
It is what abides each time the tales have all been read again, and the book placed back on our shelf, until the time we take it down again for the next reading.
It is often employed as a writing surface fo calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Why, I finally asked them, was there such an i??obvious affinity for English things in Denmark? Not only did they amuse in their own right, you could see behind them a highly benevolent spirit in the artist.
It is what brings us together tonight on this occasion, and will again at future times and places. Why, I finally asked them, was there such an obvious affinity for English things in Denmark? Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monoprint.Need a break from the hustle and bustle of tourist life in Istanbul? Aagea€™s reply was the best one imaginable, one Ia€™ve never forgotten, and have repeated many times elsewhere: England, he said, used to be a Danish country.
Its origin might ultimately hark back to China, where a document from the T'ang dynasty (618-907) mentions a process of coloring paper on water with five hues. Armenian music meets Gypsy music, Jewish music and folk music from the four corners of Turkey. They also pulled behind them a figure of a lion fashioned of felt.”Many Turkish baths (hamamlar) had designated areas dedicated to felt production, as their extreme heat and moisture provided an ideal environment for feltmaking, especially during the winter months.
By carefully laying the paper over the bath, the floating picture on top of it is readily transferred to the paper; thus, each ebru is a one of a kind print. To obtain beautiful ebru results, one needs to have a light hand, refined taste, and an open mind to the unexpected patterns forming on the water.
Carding—the aligning and separating of fibers—was originally done by hand, but is now accomplished by a machine with large steel teeth, that combs the fibers as they are fed through.In a hybrid of the two methods of patterning felt previously mentioned, Anatolian craftsmen use partially felted fabric of varying colors called “pre-felt” to cut the patterns that form the decorative elements of the carpet, resulting in a more clearly defined design than ala khiz.
Patience and a good knowledge of traditional culture are characteristic of ebru masters.After the 1550's, booklovers in Europe prized ebru, which came to be known as ‘Turkish papers’.
What started as a private art gallery now offers an introduction to the whirling dervish ceremony and the Sufi community in Turkey as well as courses in painting, henna, paper-marbling and calligraphy (along with a permanent exhibition of paintings, statuettes and art at the Sultanahmet address). Many specimens in their collections and in the several album amicorum books are visible today in various museums. Les Arts Turcs recently opened a second gallery and a travel agency near the TopkapA± Palace and prides itself on appearing in many travel guides. Also, early texts dealing with ebru, such as “Discourse on decorating paper in the Turkish manner”, published in 1664 by Athanasius Kircher in Rome, helped to disseminate the knowledge of this kind of marbling art. Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking.
There is agreement amongst scholars that the so-called Turkish Papers played a colourful influence on the book arts in Europe.MATERIALS USED IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MARBLING Gum tragacath – Dye – Paintbrush – Basin – Water – Paper - Gall Gum Tragacant is obtained from trunk of a thorny plant growing naturally in Anatolian, Persian and Turkestan mountians and called “gaven”. Upon completion, the pre-felt patterns are firmly felted to the fleece of the background.Next, the rug is unrolled, the edges are trimmed, and the pattern is adjusted before it is placed in a steaming machine for the fulling. Art and history are everywhere," exclaims AzengA?ler, his gaze now overlooking the streets of Sultanahmet, which vibrate three stories below his gallery.
The sap coming out of scratches made on the branches dries up later and solidifies in bone white colored pieces . I advise those travelers to read a lot beforehand, to watch documentaries and movies from or about Turks. Turkish is a very rich country in respect of such natural dyes.Any kind of earth may be first translated into mud then filtered and crushed to from a dye. While it is a dwindling tradition, feltmaking workshops in Konyo, Afyon, Tire, Balikesir, Urfa, and Mardin still produce shepherd’s cloaks and carpets.“The last remaining felt makers are to be found in such Turkish provinces as Afyon, Sanliurfa, Konya, Balikesir, Izmir, Kars and Erzurum. The first are travelers who heard about Les Arts Turcs and visit the gallery -- occasionally buying some objects on display -- and then return home. For example, the French magazine Elle was looking for female whirling dervishes and we helped them find some. Turkey sees itself as European, he agrees, but Turks are increasingly protective of their own identity. In older times rainwater was favorite but because of acide rain in our times it is no longer advisable.
Paper: The ideal paper is the one handmade and having a high absorbtion capacity and acid-free.
CNN TA?rk, Sky TA?rk, Kola TA?rk, a€¦ I am obviously not the only one who strives to affirm the Turkish identity." Then why did he give his art gallery a French name? In order to increasethe absorbtion capaticy and to fix the dye on it(more durable) and alumina solution may be applied on the paper surface.
Our plan is to invite foreigners who have been writing about A°stanbul -- a movie, a book, a documentary a€¦ -- and ask them to write again about Turkey.
11, we have received many inquiries from Westerners, particularly Americans, about Sufism and [Muhammed Jelaluddin] Rumi. A  I learned something from every man I met or exchanged emails with, and Lou taught me a few words in Spanish.A  Ole! For instance when blue yellow are simultaneously applied and mixed up as much as possible never green comes out.3.
He may be thinking about his current research on the hippies, his partnership with painter AyAYe TA?remiAY or with American illustrator Trici Venola. MARBLING APPLIED TO PAPER PATTERNS,Marbling is similar to cooking; it is impossible to give the exact recipe. The density of the gummed water and the relationships between the water and the dye, the dye and the tensioning agent (gall), the quantity of gall in the dye are all very important. Now if this basic pattern is handled by parellel lines made by a thin pencil or chip moved back and forth you obtain “the back-and-forth”. When a convolute line is applied from the outer circumference towards the centre you obtain a “nightingale nest”.
In the event small colorfull dots are spotted on the back-and-forth or shawl design you get the “sprinkled marbling”. If, instead, you apply larger dots (which means with higher rate of gall contents) you obtain the “prophyry marble” which resemble most to marble.,Nonetheless above patterns may be divesified by selecting one of the above as a basis and making concentric drops of different colors. Mehmet Efendi (the orator of Saint Sophia, deceased in 1973) first formed flower and other patterns, wich were subsequenly called the “Orator pattern” (Hatip ebrusu).
We can take a little walk, maybe get our feet wet, and then lie on a blanket and listen to the waves. The paper is then careflly lifted off the basin without stripping too much the gum off the surface.
This infinity of colors and shapes quickly formed makes the marbling amazing at and fascinates the spectator (if any). I do the same thing myself, when the mood strikes.A  And how about this for being an "in tune with women" kinda guy?A  A few days after I had ordered myself 2 new green dresses and several in black to add to my collection from a mail order company named Newport News, he sent an email asking:A  "So, what are you wearing right now?
Hikmet BARUTCUGIL,Mimar Sinan University paper marbling, fabric marbling, faux marbling, parrys graining and marbling, marbling paint, contemporary create design fabric marbling paper technique traditional, Turkish Marbling - Ebru Lessons in Istanbul.Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery.
Come take an art class with the remarkable Turkish artist Bahar !LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper .
CONTEMPORARY create design fabric marbling paper technique designs on paper, glass or on silk fabrics .Our teacher that is shown in our pictures is Ms.
Contemporary artists in the Islamic world draw on the heritage of calligraphy to use calligraphic inscriptions or abstractions in their work.LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper . EXPERIENCE the sensuous flow of Ottoman Calligraphy,CONTEMPORARY create designs with Turkish patternts on tiles,Our teacher that is shown in the pictures are Mrs. A  For Christ Sake!!A  How about saving the Taxpayers a buck?A  In addition to that $6 million you've already blown by hovering and covering me, and scheduling a proper Face to Base meeting in your office; at my convenience? Dramatic, but no drama.A  Short black skirt, or long black dress?A  Heels or boots?A  Camo, or commando? Until then, as in the end,there is much more to come.A A A  Once Upon a Time, a little mushroom popped through the moss covered ground of the Southeast Alaska Rainforest. Grant, Attorney at Law, Juneau, AK From Wedding Bells to Tales to Tell: The Affidavit of Eric William Swanson, my former spouse AFFIDAVIT OF SHANNON MARIE MCCORMICK, My Former Best Friend THE AFFIDAVIT OF VALERIE BRITTINA ROSE, My daughter, aged 21 THE BEAGLE BRAYS!
HELL'S BELLS: THE TELLS OF THE ELVES RING LOUD AND CLEAR IDENTITY THEFT, MISINFORMATION, AND THE GETTING THE INFAMOUS RUNAROUND Double Entendre and DoubleSpeak, Innuendos and Intimidation, Coercion v Common Sense, Komply (with a K) v Knowledge = DDIICCKK; Who's Gunna Call it a Draw?



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