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We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop. 2 Hours Turkish Tile & Ceramic Workshop ( Per Student ) 2 - 5 Guest ,55 Euro ,6 - more ,40 Euro ,1 Guest 65 Euro,Tour Includes.
Mimar Sinan University,The Anatolian Seljuks were of course influenced by the cultural heritage they encountered in their new homeland, adapting them to the techniques that they had brought with them from the Iranian plateau.
A type of architectural decoration used in conjunction with glazed brick was hexagonal, triangular, square, and rectangular monochrome tiles. Excavations carried out in 1965-66 at Kalehisar near Alacahoyuk have revealed important evidence of the Seljuks' ceramics industry in the 13th century. Sgraffito and slip-decorated wares continuing Seljuk techniques and styles were also produced during the Emirate period. The earliest example of the new styles that emerged in the early Ottoman period are the 'blue-and-white' Iznik ceramics. Another blue-and-white group from Iznik is erroneously called 'Golden Horn ware' because the first examples of it were discovered at a site on the Golden Horn in Istanbul.
Iznik is also where another misnamed group of ceramics known as Damascus ware was manufactured. Yet another group of polychrome underglaze Iznik ceramics to be erroneously attributed to another place is the one misleadingly known as Rhodos wares, so-called because of the numerous examples of them purchased from the island of Rhodes and taken into the Cluny Museum. As late as the middle of the 16 century, the Ottoman ceramic industry was producing more utensils than architectural tiles. During the first half of the 19th century, Kutahya's ceramics industry suffered a downturn from which it slowly recovered during the second half and into the early part of this century. There is a third important group of Turkish ceramics that are quite different from both the sublime products of Iznik and the humbler wares of Kutahya. To summarize, the art of Turkish tile and ceramic-making developed over the centuries incorporating many different techniques and styles. The art of Turkish tiles and ceramics have a very important in the history of Islamic art.
There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran. We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop. Please send us an e-mail if you are interested in participating our classes as individual or a student group.
Egyptian air and naval forces have found some of the passengers' "personal belongings" and debris of EgyptAir Flight MS804, which crashed while carrying 66 passengers and crew from Paris to Cairo, the army said on Friday. The debris was found around 280 kilometers north of the port city of Alexandria, Egyptian army spokesman Mohammed Samir said in a statement posted on his Facebook page.
A team of Egyptian investigators led by Ayman el-Mokadam - along with French and British investigators and an expert from Airbus - will inspect what the army has found, Egyptian officials said. The plane fell off the radar at 2:45 am local time on Thursday while it was crossing the Mediterranean sea. The office of Egypt's president, Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, issued a statement expressing its condolences to the relatives of the 66 killed. The statement marked the first official recognition by Egypt's government that the missing plane had crashed. France, Greece, Italy, Cyprus and the United Kingdom had all joined the Egyptian search effort, Egypt's defense ministry said. The Greek Defense Minister Panos Kammenos said that the plane swerved wildly before plummeting into the sea.
Yet France's foreign minister Jean-Marc Ayrault asserted on Friday that there is "absolutely no indication" of what caused the crash.
The junior minister for transport, Alain Vidalies, said that "no theory is favored" at this stage and urged "the greatest caution". Amid fears the plane was downed by an extremist attack, Vidalies defended security at Paris's Charles de Gaulle Airport, saying staff badges are revoked if there is the slightest security doubt.
Families of the victims spent the night in a hotel in Cairo while they awaited the news of their loved ones. Protesters stage a rally outside Kadena Air Base in Okinawa after a US citizen working on a US military base was arrested. A male civilian working for the US military arrested for dumping the corpse of a Japanese woman in her twenties admitted to strangling her, local police officials said on Friday, sparking a torrent of fury from the Japanese government toward the United States just one week before US President Barack Obama is scheduled to make a visit to Hiroshima. Police arrested 32-year-old Kenneth Franklin Shinzato, a former US Marine on Thursday, following evidence leading them to find he had dumped the dead body of 20-year-old Rina Shimabukuro in a forested area on the night of April 28 or in the early hours of the morning thereafter. Shimabukuro, a company employee working in Uruma city, went missing on April 28 after going for a walk, with the official filing of her disappearance being made the following day to the police by her boyfriend. The former Marine was subsequently questioned by the police as he was potentially in the same area as Shimabukuro according to GPS data triangulated from her phone and based on traffic records. Police later identified a body as being that of the missing woman through her dental and DNA records. Shinzato, who works at the US Air Force's Kadena Air Base and lives with his wife and child, admitted to the police he dumped the corpse in the wooded area after she stopped moving and that he had in fact strangled her. The latest case follows a US Navy sailor being arrested in March suspected of raping a woman in a hotel in Naha City, the capital of Okinawa.
The latest murder and previous attacks have led to strong condemnation from the people of Okinawa and has seen instances of growing anti-US sentiment on the island amid a growing spat between the central government and prefectural officials about a plan to relocate a controversial US base within the island. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said on Friday that he will bring up the case with US President Barack Obama, with the issue potentially clouding the Group of Seven leaders' summit to be held in Japan next week.
The heaviest rains in a quarter of a century have pounded the island since last weekend, sparking huge landslides that have buried victims in up to 15 meters of mud. Officials have urged those living in affected areas to leave immediately, with more than 60 people known to have died so far and fears that number could spike with many more reported missing.
Housewife Diluka Ishani said she, her husband and two children were marooned on high ground and were plucked to safety by the navy and brought to a nearby school. Around 30 families were camped out at the school where the military were providing food and drinking water. President Maithripala Sirisena urged citizens to help with caring for nearly half a million people affected by floods in many parts of the island. Large parts of Colombo were evacuated overnight in an operation led by the military, involving boats and helicopters. The national Disaster Management Centre said 21 of Sri Lanka's 25 districts had been affected. Three people have been killed in flood-related incidents in Colombo but the national toll now stands at 63. The district of Kegalle, about 100 kilometers northeast of Colombo, has been worst-hit, with the toll from two separate landslides rising to 34 after troops pulled another body from the mud overnight. A police officer in the area said 144 people, including 37 children, had been reported missing since the landslides on Tuesday evening. Netanyahu and Yaalon have clashed in recent days over the role of the military in public discourse, with the prime minister arguing that military officials should not discuss policy matters publicly. Tensions between Yaalon and Netanyahu escalated in March, when military leaders criticized a soldier who was caught on video fatally shooting an already-wounded Palestinian attacker. Reports over the past few days indicate that Netanyahu intends to appoint former foreign minister Avigdor Lieberman to the post.
Netanyahu this week invited Lieberman's Yisrael Beteinu party to shore up his shaky parliamentary coalition and negotiation teams have been meeting to hammer out the details of their alliance. Cabinet Minister Gila Gamliel said that Yaalon's leaving is a "tremendous loss" for the ruling Likud party. Frescoed barracks which once housed the cavalry of the Emperor Hadrian's bodyguard have returned to light 19 centuries on, during excavations for a new underground train line in Rome. In a find hailed as "unique" by archaeologists, weapons rooms, dormitories, kitchens and stables where some of ancient Rome's crack troops once lodged now lie open to the sky near the Colosseum, where the "Amba Aradam" stop of the Metro C line is being dug.
Uncovering broken pots, Roman coins or that archaeological staple, a series of low walls, is all in a day's work for head engineer Andrea Sciotti, particularly near the ancient forums and gladiator battling ground and training schools. Work here is steaming ahead to create the first "archaeological station" in Rome, which Francesco Prosperetti, the capital's superintendent of archaeology, hopes will outdo other impressive metro "museums" from Athens to Naples, Porto and Vienna.
The digs for Rome's much-needed third metro line, which will connect 30 stations in the tourist-heavy Eternal City, began in 2007 but have been delayed repeatedly by the discovery of buried artefacts and it is not expected to be fully open before 2021. Amid the diggers and scaffolding lie the remains of 39 rooms of barracks where hundreds of soldiers - the so-called equites singulares augusti, one of the elite corps of the Praetorian Guard - were housed during the 2nd century AD. Archaeologists also found a collective grave on the site, where they have so far unearthed 13 adult skeletons and a bronze bracelet. The cavalry guard, which escorted the Roman emperor whenever he left the city, were so fierce they were used by successive leaders to quash unruly mobs in street battles and boost military campaigns abroad.
Black and white mosaics decorate the barracks floors, and frescoes in Pompeian red can be seen on some of the remaining walls.
The find brings the total number of known military garrisons in the area to five, with one of the most important resting under the nearby Saint John Lateran basilica, the pope's seat in Rome.
An Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research poll released on Friday said 72 percent support paid family leave.
At least 19 states are considering paid family leave laws, but only three have active programs. The federal Family and Medical Leave Act provides for up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for most workers to care for a newborn or adopted child or a spouse, child or parent who is seriously ill.
A bill to make that leave paid was introduced in the Senate last year but has gone nowhere in Congress. Morelli, 52, said she expects that someday she'll need time off to care for her aging mother and in-laws who are now in their 80s.
After years of Chinese fans' hearts melting for Korean TV drama stars, Chinese shows have become hot items in South Korea. In October, when the 54-episode Chinese historical drama Nirvana in Fire was aired in South Korea, with Korean subtitles, it became a buzz word on South Korea's social media, People's Daily reported. Nirvana in Fire, set in 6th-century China, tells of the tale of a protagonist's quest for justice and to erase a family blemish. The series was shown on Chunghwa TV based in Seoul and got the sixth-highest rating among South Korean cable channels, also ranking for a time seventh in pay-to-view dramas online.
Amid the many high-quality South Korean dramas, it's rare for a foreign production to squeeze into the top 10. He also said Scarlet Heart, a 2011 production on Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) royal families, and The Empress of China, on the early years China's only female monarch, of Wu Zetian (624-705), are highly welcomed series from China. The Empress of China, which is still on air, ranked the 4th among the country's cable TV in terms of rating. Hopes faded on Thursday for the survival of about 150 people trapped under the mud and rubble of two landslides in Sri Lanka, as heavy rain hampered rescue operations and the official death toll from the disaster rose to 41. Rescue work had resumed early in morning before fresh rains began, but was halted for about an hour as minor landslides made the work dangerous. That figure is likely to rise sharply, as authorities battling muddy conditions began to give up hope of reaching 134 people believed to be trapped under rubble at one site, and 16 at another, before time ran out. Military spokesman Brigadier Jayanath Jayaweera said in the capital Colombo that the army was assessing the situation and would deploy more troops if needed.
Heavy rains have lashed the island nation for several days and officials said the extent of the tragedy was still unclear.
Jayaweera said that the army had so far rescued 156 people trapped by landslides and more than 1,550 people are being sheltered in nine shelters.
Heavy fog, rain, electrical outages and the loose ground have made it difficult to search for survivors. Villagers said torrents of muddy water, tree branches and debris came crashing down on Tuesday around their homes in the three villages in Kegalle district, about 70 kilometers north of Colombo. Near the village of Elangapitiya - furthest down the hill - soldiers on Wednesday carried bodies to a school, where families waited for news of missing loved ones. Farmer Hewapelige Lal said he had identified the body of his nephew, but that 18 other family members were possibly buried under the mud. During heavy rains in December 2014, authorities evacuated more than 60,000 people from thousands of homes damaged or destroyed by floods or landslides.
A Nigerian schoolgirl rescued after two years of being held captive by Boko Haram militants will meet with President Muhammadu Buhari on Thursday amid hopes that she can help shed light on the whereabouts of more than 200 other missing girls.
Soldiers working with a civilian patrol group rescued the girl, named Amina Ali Darsha Nkeki, on Tuesday near Damboa in the remote northeast with officials confirming she was one of 219 girls abducted from a secondary school in Chibok. An army spokesman said she was found with her four-month old baby and a "suspected Boko Haram terrorist" called Mohammed Hayatu, who claimed to be the girl's husband, was also detained. Her mother in an interview last year said Ali's father had died some months after her daughter was kidnapped with the stress taking a toll on his health.
Presidential spokesman Garba Shehu told Reuters that the girl is currently in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, but will be brought to the national capital Abuja to meet Buhari. Ali's rescue should give a boost to Buhari, a former military ruler who made crushing the Boko Haram Islamist insurgency a pillar of his presidential campaign in 2015. Boko Haram captured 276 girls from a school in Chibok, northeast Nigeria, in April 2014, as part of a seven-year-old insurgency to set up an Islamic state in the north which has killed some 15,000 people and displaced more than 2 million. Some girls escaped in the melee but parents of the remaining missing girls accused former President Goodluck Jonathan, Nigeria's then leader, of not doing enough to find their daughters whose disappearance sparked a global "Bring Back Our Girls" campaign. Ali's mother, Binta Ali Nkeki, last year spoke of her daughter's fear of Boko Haram but of her enjoyment of attending school and doing well at her studies. Her mother told the Murtala Muhammed Foundation, a Nigerian nonprofit organization researching a book on the missing Chibok girls, that she was not sure of the age of Ali, the youngest of her 13 children although only three survived their early years. Protesters in Paris and elsewhere alleged the police have instigated the violence during a series of demonstrations against a controversial labor reform.
Cadot told a news conference that about 15 protesters, some masked, attacked the car and threw a Molotov cocktail at it, setting it alight.
Vanina Giudicelli, one of the protesters at the Republique, said the police gathering was "a real provocation". Jean-Claude Delage, secretary-general of the Alliance police union, denounced an "escalation of violence" in the labor protests and said some people were harassing police officers with projectiles and Molotov cocktails and even hitting them with bars. French President Francois Hollande said on Tuesday that more than 350 police officers have been injured in clashes and 60 people have been convicted amid the labor reform protests. A police car was set on fire by protesters in Paris on Wednesday, injuring two officers who were in the vehicle. That train - called "Jaldoot" or the Messenger of Water - brings millions of liters of the precious liquid that the drought-plagued central Indian district so desperately needs. Latur, with its ravaged farmland and thirsty families, has become the unfortunate poster child for the blistering drought that is hurting tens of millions of people across 13 Indian states. With the monsoon rains still at least a month away, the water train, which started running in April, is a desperate measure to ease a desperate situation. Nowhere is the tragedy more heartbreaking than in the stoic silence of 30-year-old Ranjana Umesh Jadav, whose husband fell into a well several kilometers from his home and died as he tried to fetch water for his family after their taps and the village well ran dry.
As Marathwada's crisis worsened over the last two years the state government decided to start sending a water train.
A medieval step well next to the Miraj train station serves as the filling point for the water train. Mixed Martial Arts is trying to shrug off its image as an ultraviolent, inhuman and even degrading sport in France, where it is banned for pros but loved by amateurs.
Combining elements from boxing, judo, karate and wrestling, MMA is allowed across Europe except in France and Norway.
It is played barefoot and without a helmet, while hands are protected only with fingerless gloves. Despite the ban, the discipline has proved irresistible to tens of thousands of amateurs in France.
At age 24, he became one of the only French professionals to compete in the premier Ultimate Fighting Championship in the United States, having trained in his home country but able only to compete abroad. The rules, which are internationally standardized, do allow contestants to be hit, even in the head, when they are on the mat. A player can win through a knockout blow, submission - locking the opponent in one of many types of holds - or a referee's decision. The octagonal "cage" in which the fighting is held is designed to protect contestants - and spectators - when they are thrown. Matthieu Quidu, a sports professor at Lyon's Ecole Normale Superieure, a prestigious university, has begun attracting more and more enthusiasts to his MMA class. But the results, published in The Lancet Psychiatry peer-reviewed medical journal, were encouraging enough to merit further trials, he said. All of the subjects had tried at least two standard drug treatments without success, and most had also undergone psychotherapy.
Clinical depression is a debilitating disease that affects tens of millions of people worldwide. Antidepressants and talk therapy don't work for about one in five patients, highlighting the need for alternate treatments. Psilocybin stimulates receptors for serotonin, a naturally occurring chemical in the brain that affects mood. In the experiment, Carhart-Harris and colleagues gave two doses of psilocybin, a week apart, to six men and six women suffering moderate to severe depression. They all reported mild nervousness as the drug took hold within 30 to 60 minutes, but there were no serious side-effects.
Each session lasted six hours - with "peaking" occurring half way through - and was monitored by two psychiatrists. After three months, seven of the patients continued to show improvement, and five were still in remission. These results "are promising but not completely compelling," commented Philip Cowen, a clinical scientist and professor at the University of Oxford.
Given the small number of subjects and lack of a control group, "it is impossible to attribute clinical efficacy to the drug," said Jonathan Flint, a professor of neuroscience at the University of Oxford. Kenya's authorities tore down a badly built residential block in a poor Nairobi district on Tuesday, one of more than 250 shoddy buildings that could now face demolition after a six-story structure collapsed this month killing 51 people.
Nearby, residents of another condemned block in Mathare scrambled to wrap up utensils and other items in bed sheets and stuffed plastic bags with clothes as workers ripped out door and window frames to prepare for machinery to destroy the structure. The Kenyan authorities have identified 258 buildings considered structurally at risk and which could be pulled down, leaving thousands of people to find new homes in a city already struggling to keep pace with its growing population.
Kenyan authorities are stepping up evictions of poorly built buildings after a six-storey block in Huruma district - which lies next to Mathare - collapsed on April 29 after days of rain.
Officials said it had been condemned before it crumbled and said it was not clear why it had not been pulled down.
The death toll of 51 people could have been more if some residents had not seen cracks and fled shortly before it fell.
Yet knocking down dangerous buildings also adds to the housing shortage in Nairobi, which is estimated to have a population of more than 4 million, almost double 15 years ago. Keeping pace with housing for a growing population is a challenge afflicting cities across Africa, where millions of people every year are leaving the fields and pouring into cities to find jobs, spawning spontaneous and ill-planned new suburbs. In Nigeria's sprawling commercial hub, Lagos, a church hostel collapse in 2014 crushed 115 people.
In Cairo, builders often pile new floors onto existing structures with little planning or reinforcement of foundations, making collapses a fairly frequent event. Of the 10 million people added to Africa's urban population each year, about two thirds end up in slums, according to UN Habitat, which held a meeting in March in Nigeria about ways to improve living conditions in Africa's slums. A man stands in a dilapidated building slated for demolition in the Mathare neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya, on Tuesday.
Health Minister Alejandro Gaviria's remarks in an interview on Tuesday are the strongest yet in an increasingly public fight with the world's biggest drugmaker that could set a precedent for middle-income countries grappling to contain rising prices for complex drugs. Memos leaked last week to a nonprofit group, written from the Colombian Embassy in Washington, describe intense lobbying pressure on Colombia, a staunch US ally, from the pharmaceutical industry and its allies in the US Congress.
In one memo, the embassy warns that breaking Novartis' patent for the leukemia drug Gleevec could hurt US support for Colombia's bid to join the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership trade zone and even jeopardize $450 million in US assistance for a peace deal with leftist rebels. Gaviria, an economist by training, said the pressure shows the forceful steps that the pharmaceutical industry is willing to take to protect its commercial interests. Government health programs in many countries are being squeezed by high prices for newly launched drugs and by annual price hikes of 10 percent or more for medicines long on the market, and they are increasingly pushing back by demanding big discounts or setting price caps on ultraexpensive drugs. Novartis has rejected Gaviria's proposal to reduce the price for Gleevec to 140 pesos (5 US cents) per milligram. In an April 20 letter, Novartis' local affiliate said that it doesn't consider it convenient to initiate negotiations over prices and that the decision to override patents should be taken only in exceptional circumstances and not used as a bargaining tool. Same sex marriage is currently permitted in Mexico City, as well as in several states including Coahuila, Quintana Roo, Jalisco, Nayarit, Chihuahua and Sonora. Mexico's Supreme Court said last year that laws restricting marriage to a man and woman were unconstitutional and a Supreme Court judge urged states to legalize gay marriage.
However, many state legislatures have not changed their statutes to comply, meaning couples must file legal challenges case by case to get married. The president's office asked Congress to change Mexico's constitution to guarantee adults the right to marry without restrictions based on gender, sexual preference, or other reasons.
Both the presidency and Pena Nieto's Twitter avatars were overlaid with the rainbow flag of gay pride to mark the international day against homophobia and transphobia. Grappling with deadly drug cartel violence, Pena Nieto last month sent a proposal to Congress to permit the use and importation of marijuana-based medicines. Growing and selling marijuana is illegal in Mexico but is the mainstay business of violent drug gangs. A couple kiss as they celebrate International Day Against Homophobia in Guatemala City, Guatemala, on Tuesday, when same sex marriage was proposed for all of Mexico. A joint US-Australian military research team is running a series of 10 trials at the world's largest land testing range, Woomera in South Australia, and at Norway's Andoya Rocket Range.
Scientists have said hypersonic technology could cut traveling time from Sydney to London to as little as two hours for the 17,000-kilometer flight. Scientists involved in the program - called Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation - are developing an engine that can fly at Mach 7, said Michael Smart of the University of Queensland.
He added that the scramjet was a supersonic combustion engine that uses oxygen from the atmosphere for fuel, making it lighter and faster than fuel-carrying rockets.
The experimental rocket in the trial on Wednesday reached an altitude of 278 kilometers and a target speed of Mach 7.5, Australia's defense department said.
Each test builds on previous ones, with the latest used to measure heat on the outside of a vehicle in hypersonic flight, Smart said. The next test, scheduled for 2017, would involve the scramjet engine separating from the rocket booster and flying on its own, he added. UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said 29 allegations were reported in the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic, seven in the UN mission in Congo, and two in the mission in Haiti. The United Nations has been in the spotlight for months over allegations of child rape and other sexual abuses by its peacekeepers, especially those based in Central African Republic and Congo. The UN reported on March 31 that 108 girls and women had come forward with sexual abuse accusations against international peacekeepers in Kemo prefecture in Central African Republic, dating from 2013 through 2015.
Dujarric said Tuesday there was no update on that investigation which is being conducted by the UN's Office of Internal Oversight Services.
The UN has 105,000 peacekeepers deployed in 16 hot spots around the world as well as political missions in a host of countries including Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia. Dujarric said 35 of the allegations reported this year involve UN military personnel - including 11 from Congo, six from the neighboring Republic of Congo, three from Morocco and three from South Africa - and four allegations involve UN police.



Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has recommended that UN peacekeepers accused of sexual abuse and exploitation be court martialed in the countries where the alleged incidents take place - and Dujarric said South Africa has announced that it will court martial a soldier in Congo where he is serving, which would be a first. The US Senate passed legislation on Tuesday that would allow families of victims of the Sept 11, 2001 attacks to sue Saudi Arabia's government for damages, setting up a potential showdown with the White House, which has threatened a veto.
The White House has repeatedly stated that Obama, who visited the kingdom in April in a bid to soothe strained ties, opposes the law because it would essentially waive the doctrine of sovereign immunity.
In February Zacarias Moussaoui, dubbed the 20th hijacker, told US lawyers that members of the Saudi royal family donated millions of dollars to al-Qaida in the 1990s. The New York Times reported last month that Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir told lawmakers in Washington that the kingdom would be forced to sell up to $750 billion in treasury securities and other assets in the US to avoid having them frozen by federal courts. House Speaker Paul Ryan, a Republican, has expressed hesitation about bringing the bill to the floor for a vote. The two Democratic presidential candidates, former secretary of state Hillary Clinton and Senator Bernie Sanders, have expressed support for the bill. Advertising is beginning to emerge as makers of goods try to pitch products to a rising group of consumers and a wealthy class of citizens.
From whitening toothpaste made from natural ingredients to sea-cucumber snacks that claim to fight cancer and tuberculosis, more goods are being sold in colorful ways to the growing wealthy class in the country. Ads are small and subtly placed, and do not yet compete with the colorful posters that line the streets of the capital and praise the government or ruling Workers' Party. The rudimentary advertisements are usually printed in color on A4 or A3-sized laminated paper, placed loosely on shop countertops or enlarged and stuck on shop interior walls.
It's a far cry from anything resembling the kind of advertising industry depicted on the hit TV show, Mad Men.
For many years, the only notable ads in the country were related to inter-Korean projects from neighbor the Republic of Korea, during a time of better relations. Large billboards for Pyonghwa Cars, a joint venture between the two countries, have stood at several intersections in Pyongyang for years. Advertising space at soccer games was offered to local companies for the first time last year, with boards at Asian Cup matches going for up to $40,000 for several games. Protests were to take place across Venezuela on Wednesday against President Nicolas Maduro in the first challenge to sweeping powers he has decreed for police and soldiers under a state of emergency. The opposition-led marches in Caracas and other cities were to demand that authorities validate a recall referendum seeking Maduro's ouster. On Tuesday he said the referendum was "not viable" and a petition it was based on with 1.8 million signatures was riddled with "fraud". The 60-day state of emergency was imposed from Monday to tackle what Maduro said were threats to security, as well as food and energy shortages.
It notably suspends many constitutional protections by opening the way to expropriations and almost any action deemed necessary to maintain public order. Individuals, companies and nongovernmental organizations in Venezuela with links to foreign groups are also to be put under scrutiny and risk having their finances frozen, according to the decree. Maduro has accused the United States of having "imperial" designs on Venezuela, and said that a US AWACS surveillance plane had twice violated his country's airspace last week. Despite his decree, there have so far been no signs of increased military presence on the streets. The "Unique Pink", weighing 15.38 carats and mounted on a ring, sold to an unnamed Asian private collector bidding by telephone, the auction house said. It was the star lot at the saleroom's semiannual auction in Geneva, with a pre-sale estimate of $28 million-$38 million. Overall, the Sotheby's sale netted $175.2 million, "setting a new world record for any jewelry auction", Sotheby's said in a statement.
The director of UN humanitarian operations warned on Tuesday that 7.6 million people in conflict-torn Yemen face severe food shortages and are "one step" from famine. A quake, which occurred in the same zone where a magnitude-7.8 magnitude tremor killed hundreds of people last month, caused electricity blackout in some coastal areas.
Hillary Clinton has filed financial documents showing that in 2015 she earned more than $5 million in royalties from her book Hard Choices and about $1.5 million in speaking fees before she launched her presidential campaign. A relative said Nigerian soldiers have found the first of 219 girls kidnapped by Boko Haram from a boarding school in Chibok town more than two years ago.
The Zika virus, an infectious disease linked to severe birth defects in babies, may spread into Europe as the weather gets warmer, although the risk is low, health officials said on Wednesday.
Two Kiribati fishermen lost at sea for days were found on Wednesday just six minutes into a search that targeted a massive patch of ocean, rescue officials said. Harwati forces a smile as she guides visitors around a bubbling mud volcano in Indonesia, pausing as they snap selfies on the bleak wasteland she once called home.
These disaster tourists are a lifeline for the single mother who lost everything when the earth beneath a paddyfield near her village opened up without warning 10 years ago, sending pungent, steaming mud bursting out, unabated.
The mudflow buried villages, factories, shops, and even a major highway in the Sidoarjo district of Java island.
Today Harwati and many others scrape a meager living from the curious visitors who flock to see rooftops and debris poking above the bubbling mud lake. Visitors pose next to faceless statues lying semi-submerged in the mud, a silent reminder of the human toll of this disaster. As victims prepare to mark 10 years since the start of the disaster, the mud geysers show no signs of stopping: The equivalent of 10 Olympic swimming pools of mud and water still spurt out daily. An area roughly equivalent to 650 football fields is now buried beneath up to 40 meters of sludge.
Intrigue has surrounded the cause of the mudflow ever since it first gushed out in the densely-populated farming area on May 29, 2006. Mud volcanoes - which don't spew out lava or hot ash but instead water and clay - occur globally but Sidoarjo's is believed to be the biggest in the world. Debate about what caused the strange phenomenon has only fueled fascination, and protracted the fight for compensation. Independent studies alternate blame between oil and gas company PT Lapindo Brantas, which was drilling in the area at the time, and an earthquake that struck two days earlier about 260 kilometers away. Lapindo - part of a business empire controlled by Indonesia's powerful Bakrie family - was eventually ordered to compensate victims, but payments took years, triggering angry protests. The government finally intervened last year and loaned Lapindo the funds to expedite the remaining payments.
Lapindo Brantas says on its website that after investigations, "it was determined that no correlation could be proven between the drilling activities and the mud eruption". The Sidoarjo Mudflow Handling Agency, a government-backed task force, said more than 3,300 households - or 95 percent of those affected - had now received payments. The 45-year-old Han had been shortlisted for the prize for fiction in translation to English along with Italian writer Elena Ferrante, Angola's Jose Eduardo Agualusa, Chinese author Yan Lianke, Turkey's Orhan Pamuk and Austrian Robert Seethaler.
The novel was translated by Deborah Smith, a 28-year-old Briton who only began learning Korean when she was 21. Han and Smith will split the $72,000 prize equally, according to the Booker Foundation, which administers the prize as well as the original Man Booker Prize for works in English and published in the United Kingdom, a prestigious award that typically leads to a surge in sales for its winner. In The Vegetarian, after struggling with gruesome recurring nightmares, Yeong-hye, a dutiful wife, rebels against societal norms, forsaking meat and stirring concern among her family that she is mentally ill.
Han, who was born in the South Korean city of Gwangju, teaches creative writing at the Seoul Institute of the Arts.
The Man Booker International Prize was previously awarded every two years for an author's overall contribution to global fiction, but beginning with this year's prize it is awarded annually for a single work of fiction translated into English and published in the United Kingdom.
Winner of the 2016 Man Booker International Prize for fiction Han Kang poses for the media with her book The Vegetarian following the award ceremony in London, on Monday. They call themselves the Muhammasheen, which translates to "the marginalized," a dark-skinned ethnic group that for centuries has been consigned to the bottom of Yemen's social scale, faced with discrimination and racism, shunned by others. In a country where belonging to a tribe is vital to guaranteeing protection, status and livelihood, their community - which some estimates say numbers nearly 3 million people - is without a tribe and ignored by the government. As a result, they have been hit particularly hard in Yemen's civil war that is pitting the government, backed by a Saudi-led coalition, against Shiite rebels known as Houthis and forces loyal to Yemen's ousted president. Their neighborhoods have been pounded both by coalition airstrikes and Houthi shelling, shattering their makeshift homes cobbled together from sheets of metal, cardboard and blankets. Walid Abdullah, a 20-year-old member of the Marginalized, said his home district in Taiz, al-Jahmaliya, was hit early on in the war by shelling. Now he is in Sanaa, the Yemeni capital, and he says his family is spread around multiple slums in the city.
An estimated 9,000 people have been killed in the past year of fighting in Yemen, and more than 2.4 million have been driven from their homes. One advocacy group, the Yemeni Organization Against Discrimination, said it has documented more than 300 killed, including 68 children and 56 women. Other theories suggest they were African peoples who were among the first to inhabit coastal cities in Yemen.
Official government statistics have put their population at around 500,000, but Marginalized activists say they number around 3 million.
A family from a community referred to as the 'Muhammasheen' or 'the Marginalized', and that fled the city of Taiz because of ongoing civil war, sit inside their home in a slum area of Sanaa, Yemen. The treasures were found last month by divers Ran Feinstein and Ofer Raanan when they came across an ancient shipwreck near the port of Caesarea.
Standing next to his diving buddy, Raanan recounted the moment the pair realized they had discovered something special.
The Israel Antiquities Authority sent its divers to investigate and recover the precious Roman-era cargo, which includes bronze statues, lamps, jars, animal-shaped objects, anchors and thousands of coins with images of Roman emperors Constantine and Licinius. Some of the objects date to the fourth century, while others are from the first and second centuries, said Jacob Sharvit, director of marine archaeology at the IAA.
After possibly encountering a storm, sailors dropped the anchors to try to save the ship, Sharvit said, but all their attempts failed; the ship drifted and all its cargo plunged into the water at Caesarea and remained there for 1,700 years. The port at Caesarea was commissioned by Herod the Great in the first century BC and became an important economic artery in the Mediterranean Sea until it sank for unknown reasons soon after its completion. Starting in the 1960s, Israeli archaeologists brought the sunken port back to life, along with Caesarea's aboveground wonders, including a crusader church and Roman theater. An Israel Antiquities Authority employee holds a part of a statue that according to the authority was recovered from a merchant ship that dates back 1,600 years, in the ancient harbor in the Caesarea National Park, on Monday. The ICH Steering Committee (SC) will meet in Fukuoka, Japan from 6 to 11 June to discuss ongoing harmonisation activities. The IPEC Federation (International Pharmaceutical Excipients Council) has published a three-page position paper concerning the risk-based approach of the EU Guidelines following the principles of Quality Risk Management according to ICH Q9. For many years now, discussions have been ongoing as to whether it is possible to include non-distillation technologies as a method for the production of Water for Injections (WFI).
The currently valid version of the EU GMP Guide  Annex 15 “Qualification and Validation” from 2001 will finally be replaced by 1 October 2015.
With this GMP MANUAL UPDATE you have direct access to all prime regulatory changes and to our GMP expert interpretations. In a highly acclaimed talk held during our GMP Symposium, Richard Denk elucidated the risk factors for contamination and the influence of highly active substances. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has released a Concept Paper on the Revision of Annex 1 of the Guidelines on Good Manufacturing Practice – Manufacture of Sterile Medicinal Products which addresses the need to update Annex 1 of the European GMP Guide.
New versions of Chapter 3 (Premises and Equipment) and Chapter 5 (Production) have been published providing transitional arrangements for toxicological evaluation.
FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) launched an Office of Pharmaceutical Quality (OPQ) as part of its ongoing Quality Initiative. The ICH Q3D Guideline on Elemental Impurities reached Step 4 of the ICH Process in December 2014 and now enters the implementation period (Step 5). The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has just released a list of all new and revised draft guidances it plans to release in 2015.
The ICH Steering Committee (SC) and its Expert Working Groups (EWGs) met in Lisbon, Portugal on November 8–13, 2014.
Before the end of the year the European Commission has published the “Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No. The EMA has published the final version of the „Guideline on setting health based exposure limits for use in risk identification in the manufacture of different medicinal products in shared facilities”. A biosimilar is a biological medicinal product that contains a version of the active substance of an already authorised original biological medicinal product (reference medicinal product) in the EEA. Officials of Australia and New Zealand have confirmed the plan to stop the development of the joint regulatory authority ANZTPA. This month representatives of the FDA have met with their cross-agency team from the EMA, the European Commission and GMP experts form European Union Member States in London, in order to make progress on mutual reliance on GMP inspections.
ISPE released its Drug Shortages Prevention Plan during the 2014 Annual Meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada. This month the EMA released a “Reflection paper in the requirements for selection and justification of starting materials for the manufacture of chemical active substances”. On 21 October 2014, the FDA released the final version of its Guidance for Industry entitled „Circumstances that constitute delaying, limiting, or refusing a drug inspection”.
The ICH Steering Committee has endorsed the final concept paper Q12 “Technical and Regulatory Considerations for Pharmaceutical Product Lifecycle Management”. The use of products with non-declared pharmacological activity or “other illegal medicines”, often from uncontrolled sources but also purchased from the legal market, is still a major problem within Europe. From 10-11 September 2014, the second symposium on combating counterfeits and other illegal medicines took place at EDQM. The Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Committee, APIC, has recently published a comprehensive How to do Document regarding electronic Common Technical Documents. The European Commission has published a revised version of Part II of the EU GMP Guide – Basic Requirements for Active Substances used as Starting Materials. The EU’s decentralised procedure is being used as a model to accelerate the assessment of applications for generic medicines as part of the International Generic Drug Regulators PilotExternal link icon (IGDRP).
The ICH M7 Guideline on Assessment and Control of DNA Reactive (Mutagenic) Impurities in Pharmaceuticals to Limit Potential Carcinogenic Risk has reached Step 4 of the ICH process and is now entering the implementation period (Step 5). FDAs Center for Drug Evaluation and Reseach (CDER) has published its yearly list of guidance documents and a list of new, revised and withdrawn guidances. Last week the FDA issued several policy documents regarding compounded drug products for human use, as part of the agency’s effort to implement the compounding provisions of the Drug Quality and Security Act (DQSA), enacted in November 2013.
EU regulators have unveiled a new logo which will appear on the websites of all authorised online pharmacies known to provide authentic medicines. The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is set to strengthen its collaboration with the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM). EMA has published the long awaited Qualified Person (QP) declaration template and accompanying guidance concerning GMP compliance of API manufacture.
The FDA, in partnership with other federal and international agencies, took action last week against websites that sell potentially dangerous, unapproved prescription drugs to U.S.
As previously reported, the FDA is working on a system that will help to identify and trace dangerous drugs that are counterfeit, stolen or tainted throughout the whole supply chain. This month, the WHO has published a proposal for the revision of the supplementary guidelines on GMP: Validation, namely Appendix 7 – non-sterile process validation.
The European Commission has published the final version of Chapter 6 Quality Control of the EU Guidelines for Good Manufacturing Practice for Medicinal Products for Human and Veterinary Use on April 3, 2014. The EMA has published the final version of the long awaited Guideline on Process Validation “Guideline on process validation for finished products – information and data to be provided in regulatory submissions” on February 24, 2014.
The FDA has published a Draft Guideline for Industry entitled Analytical Procedures and Methods Validation for Drugs and Biologics.
The FDA initiates the Secure Supply Chain Pilot Program to enhance the security of imported drugs.
The CFDA has announced the adoption of the draft amendment to the Regulations for the Supervision and Administration of Medical Devices at the executive meeting of the State Council on February 12, 2014. As announced by the Swiss Regulatory Authority Swissmedic, a Memorandum of Understanding in the area of therapeutic products was signed with the Korean Ministry for Food and Drug Safety (MFDS). Shortly after the FDA notified Ranbaxy Laboratories, Ltd., that it is prohibited from manufacturing and distributing active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) from its facility in Toansa, India, for FDA-regulated drug products due to particularly serious GMP deficiencies, health agencies in Europe are evaluating the FDA inspection findings to assess if these deviations from GMP have any implication on medicines on the European market. The Health Ministry of India has constituted a sub-committee to prepare guidelines regulating the transportation of drugs in the country. Early this month, the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) issued an announcement on the implementation of the Good Manufacturing Practice for Drugs (2010 Revision) for sterile pharmaceutical products. According to pharmabiz, the government of India is planning a revision of its GMP guidelines – Schedule M – and considers making them on par with the WHO-GMP standards. The International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) Steering Committee (SC) and its Expert Working Groups (EWGs) published the results of their last meeting in Osaka: ICH Reviews Future ICH Topics and Its Organisation Towards Increased Engagement Globally.
In our place, we give beginner, intermediate & advanced level of traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramic painting lessons. This resulted in a distinctively Anatolian style of Seljuk architecture that was in full bloom by the 13th century. Unlike brick, these were preferred for indoor applications and were suitable for a multiplicity of geometrical arrangements. Two kilns were unearthed along with a substantial quantity of kiln material and incomplete and spoiled examples of ceramics decorated with the sgraffito and slip techniques.In the sgraffito technique, the object is allowed to dry to leather-hardness after which the design, usually plant and floral motifs, is incised into the surface, which may or may not be given a coat of slip beforehand. During early Ottoman times, they appear among Iznik wares reflecting the tastes of folk art.In the course of excavations at the site of ancient Miletus, the archaeologist and art historian F. The techniques involved in their manufacture are quite advanced as compared with anything previously done.
Dr Oktay Aslanapa's excavations at Iznik have demonstrated incontrovertibly that these wares were manufactured there.
Thereafter however production shifted heavily in favor of the latter as there was a strong surge in the demand for tiles as decorations in the extensive building programs undertaken by Suleyman I (1520-1566) and his successors when the Ottoman Empire was politically, economically, and culturally at its peak. Thus do we find examples of Kutahya-made tiles decorating a number of late-Ottoman buildings. Canakkale ceramics have begun attracting the interest and attention of researchers and collectors more and more in recent years.The earliest examples of these ceramics can be dated to the end of the 17th century.
Enriched by the arrival of the Seljuks, the ceramic industry in Anatolia achieved a deservedly worldwide reputation with the support of the Ottoman court. Its roots can be traced at least as far back as the Uighurs of the 8th and 9th centuries. Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century. Egyptian jets and naval vessels continued to search for further debris from the downed Airbus 320, he said. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the press. It said the presidency "expressed its deep regret and sadness for the victims" of the flight. The country's aviation minister Sherif Fathi said the likelihood the plane was brought down by a terror attack is "higher than the possibility of a technical failure".
Egyptian officials said some of them arrived from Paris late on Thursday, among them eight relatives of the 15 French passengers on board the missing jet. Around 300,000 people had been moved to safe shelters while a further 200,000 were staying with friends or family.
There were sporadic showers in Colombo on Friday, with heavier downpours to the north of the capital that officials said would further swell the Kelani. She told Israel Radio she believes it was a "mistake" not to offer Yaalon another position and keep him in the coalition. The emotion crept up upon us," he said over the noise of concrete-mixers and drills, marvelling at the excellent state of preservation of the vast site which covers 900 square meters.
Now, an overwhelming majority of US citizens who are 40 and older want that time away from the job to be paid. Among the presidential candidates, both Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders have voiced support for paid family leave.
He starred in the TV seriesi??Descendants of the Sun, which has attracted a huge audience in China.
Torrents of water streamed down the hill on which the three villages of Siripura, Elangapitiya or Pallebage were located at different elevations.
Officials have also warned that, with rain still falling, more landslides could occur in the area. He and his wife had left their home to take fruit to a daughter who lived elsewhere, but at some point his wife turned back. Much of Sri Lanka has been deforested to clear land for agriculture, leaving the countryside exposed. Two months before that, dozens of tea plantation workers were killed when mudslides buried their hillside homes. So it's very complicated for police forces to isolate and arrest them," Delage said on BFM television. It's the main city in Maharashtra state's Marathwada region, where three districts - Beed, Latur and Osmanabad - have been devastated by two consecutive droughts. Crops have failed, cattle are wasting away and long, scorching walks in search of drinking water have resulted in dozens of deaths. Sitting with her two young children, she stares silently as older female relative explained her husband's death to visiting journalists. The landlocked area has historically been drought-prone, but decades of environmental degradation and the lack of a water management plan have pushed the region to the brink.
The city of Miraj, about 340 kilometers west of Latur, was chosen as the place to source water for the thirsty Marathwada region. According to local legend, the well never runs dry, but for the purpose of filling the wagons that transport water to Latur, kilometers of plastic pipes have been laid out from the Krishna River. The containers, which once carried petroleum products or vegetable oil, were chemically treated and steam-cleaned before being freshly painted for their new cargo at a railway yard in the western state of Rajasthan. You leave the session feeling serene and calm," the 35-year-old said after sparring with Adams Soulaimana, a hunk of a guy standing 1.93 meters tall and weighing 120 kilos, a professional dancer by profession. It requires strategy (and) adaptability, which are important qualities in professional life," said Quidu, a researcher in sports sociology. If owners failed to comply, the government would carry out the demolition and bill them, he added.
A new agency set up to prevent further collapses shows the scale of the problem of bad construction, urging residents not to build on roads, power cables, pipelines and waterways. Kenyan authorities announced plans to demolish hundreds of buildings that are in bad shape or poorly constructed.
The memos followed meetings between Colombian diplomats and officials from the Office of the US Trade Representative and a Republican staffer on the Senate Finance Committee whose chairman, Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah, has close ties to the pharmaceutical industry. He noted Colombia's healthcare system guarantees patients' access to all approved drugs and the budget is straining after years of price rises.
That is less than half the current regulated price but still well above what generic versions cost before they were banned when, after a decade of litigation, a Colombian court in 2012 awarded Novartis an exclusive patent on one of two forms of the drug. He also proposed raising the amount that marijuana users can legally carry to 28 grams from 5 grams.
Pena Nieto has not said where consumers would be able to obtain the marijuana they would be allowed to carry. One allegation each was made in the UN peacekeeping missions in South Sudan, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali and the disputed Abeyi border region between Sudan and South Sudan as well as in the UN political missions in Libya and overseeing the Middle East peace process. There have been similar allegations against the French force known as Sangaris, which operates independently in Central African Republic.
The US-based advocacy group AIDS-Free World that first reported the allegations in Kemo prefecture said UN investigators had documented 41 additional cases by April 4.


They had said they might sell up to $750 billion in US securities and other assets in retaliation if it became law. And the president of the United States continues to harbor serious concerns that this legislation would make the United States vulnerable in other court systems around the world," White House spokesman Josh Earnest said.
But no official Saudi complicity in the al-Qaida attacks has been proven, and the kingdom has never been formally implicated.
A Caracas march last week, before the emergency decree, was halted in its tracks by riot police firing tear gas. It's the highest price ever paid for a fancy vivid pink diamond," David Bennett, worldwide chairman of Sotheby's international jewelry division, told reporters. John Ging said there has been "a shocking fall off" in support over the last few months for the millions of Yemenis who need food, clean water and basic healthcare. The 11-page document shows that most of her personal wealth is held in a fund and a separate JP Morgan Custody Account, both valued at $5 million to $25 million. YaKubu Nkeki said his niece Amina Ali Nkeki was found wandering in the forest close to the border with Cameroon on Tuesday. In its first assessment of the threat Zika poses to the region, the World Health Organization said the overall risk was small to moderate.
Search coordinator Mike Roberts described it as a "fantastic" outcome after a military plane located the men 480 kilometers from Nauru, the nearest land, five days after they went missing.
Thirteen people died when an underground gas pipeline in the disaster zone exploded, while thousands were left homeless.
There are two main theories on what triggered it - drilling for natural resources or an earthquake. The area was declared a disaster zone and sealed off, with warning signs dotting the perimeter. Busloads of tourists arrive at weekends, and DVDs dramatizing the disaster are hugely popular souvenirs.
I really wanted to see how big the mud was, because I had heard many houses were buried," said Andri, a tourist from Surabaya. They live in shantytowns on the outskirts of cities, are often refused schooling and work menial jobs like shoe-shining or street cleaning or turn to begging. Some tell of fleeing from strikes by one side, only to be hit again by another of the many factions and combatants in the conflict. We have nothing," Houssna Mohammed said, choking back tears as she stood at the charred remains of her shack in a slum in the western city of Taiz.
The death toll among the Marginalized is difficult to verify because few pay attention to them. Popular tradition has it that they are the descendants of Ethiopian soldiers who invaded Yemen in the 6th Century.
He said they left the first sculpture on the seabed when they found it, but then when they discovered a second, they realized it was something special and brought it to the surface.
Some scientists believe it is located on a geological fault line; other theories point to a tsunami.
The report was developed during a Member State Meeting on SSFFC in October 2014 in Geneva, Switzerland. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published their yearly list of new and revised draft guidances CDER is planning to publish in 2015. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued five draft documents related to drug compounding and repackaging to help entities in complying with important health provisions.
The EMA has published a revised version of the guideline "Guideline on similar biological medicinal products". The report has been presented in a revised format, following comments from a stakeholder focus group. Delaying, refusing, denying – FDA inspectors often see themselves confronted with cooperation problems.
Representatives from forensic and customs laboratories, national medicines and food authorities, enforcement groups and the European Commission were invited to shed light on the problem of falsification of medicines. According to the EC this became necessary due to changes in various Annexes of the GMP Guide. FDA and the EMA (European Medicines Agency) announced the launch of a joint initiative to share information on inspections of bioequivalence studies submitted in support of generic drug approvals. Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art. Usually lessons are 2 hours based and by the end of 2 hours, you will be able to finish one item like a tile, plate or a figure. Seljuk mosques, medreses (theological academies), tombs, and palaces were lavishly decorated with exquisite tiles. The resulting design is then covered with a transparent glaze of a different color and then the piece is fired. Sarre came across a type of polychrome pottery that erroneously became known as 'Miletus ware'. Raby has proposed calling them the 'Tugrakes spiral style' instead.5 The motifs of tiny leaves and flowers on spirals are executed in shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, and black. The forerunner of the style is said to be a lamp in the Dome of the Rock that is dated 1549 and bears the signature 'Musli'. These ceramics have an extensive palette and are generally decorated with naturalistic flowers. Countless examples of mosques and tombs not only in Istanbul but all over the empire were adorned with the products of the Iznik potters' skill.These underglaze-decorated ceramics and tiles were decorated with a rich palette of shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, green, black, brown, and the famous 'coral' or tomato red, the last of which appears in a slight relief resembling sealing-wax. The tiles on the Tomb of Sultan Mehmed Resad V in Eyup (Istanbul, 1918) for example were made at the manufactory of Hafiz Emin Usta, which was then operating in Kutahya. Fairly good-quality wares continued to be produced up until the beginning of the 19th century.
Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art. Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments. Over three decades, he has at times been Netanyahu's closest ally and at other times a fierce rival. Over the last few decades, locals have extracted groundwater relentlessly, severely depleting the water table. Located in the basin of the Krishna River, Miraj is one of the few cities in the region that has escaped the drought.
The water that gushes into the well is then pumped out through another grid of underground pipes to the rail yard at Miraj. In 2009, the government declared a public health emergency after spending on sophisticated drugs had risen tenfold in just a few years. The United Nations appealed for $1.8 billion to help more than 13 million Yemenis this year was just 16 percent funded, he said.
The former quake on April 16 killed at least 660 people and injured more than 4,000 others.
It is highest in areas where Aedes mosquitoes thrive, in particular on the island of Madeira and the northeastern coast of the Black Sea.
She said her home was burned down in March when a mortar hit her neighbor and the fire was blown to her shack. The draft documents apply to outsourcing facilities, federal facilities, pharmacies and physicians.
The regulation was issued on 25 November 2014 in the Official Journal of the European Union and has entered into force on 15 December 2014. With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate.There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran.
Examples of such tile-clad structures can still be seen in the Seljuks' capital city of Konya as well as in the cities of Sivas, Tokat, Beysehir, Kayseri, Erzurum, Malatya, and Alanya.The most frequently-encountered type of architectural decoration during the Anatolian Seljuk period involved the use of glazed brick in which glazed (and also unglazed) bricks were arranged to produce a variety of patterns, mostly on the facades of buildings.
In the slip technique, the design is painted onto a red-paste surface using diluted white slip to produce a slightly molded effect.
We now know, as a result of recent excavations, that these wares were actually made in Iznik. In this object we find a new palette of colors incorporating, in addition to the traditional cobalt blue and turquoise, eggplant violet and a cumin green. Many examples of Kutahya ceramics from this period are to be found in museum and private collections in Turkey.The difficult straits into which the Iznik industry had fallen in the 18th century inspired some in Istanbul to establish a reliable source of tiles that was closer to home and easier to control. In addition, efforts are also being made in private workshops and educational institutions in Iznik, Istanbul, and Bursa to keep the art of traditional Turkish tiles and ceramics alive and develop it so that it can address the demands of modern-day life.Felt Making Workshops in Istanbul,Traditional Turkish Felt Making,Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres. With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate.
The subjects included nobility as well as servants, hunters and hunting animals, trees, birds, sphinxes, lions, sirens, dragons and double-headed eagles.
Not only the new principles of ICH Q8, Q9, Q10 and Q11 constituted a new regulatory environment but also a continuous updating of Chapters of Part I of the EU GMP Guide or Annex 11 (computerised systems).
Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century. We also have the Tile owen to finish the process.Group lessons for High Schools and Universities can be provided all year long. Turquoise was the most frequently-used color for glaze although cobalt blue, eggplant violet, and sometimes black were also popular.
There are rare examples with traces of gilding.A third technique in which the Anatolian Seljuks were skilled was that of mosaic tile. The surface is then given a coating of transparent glaze colored blue, green, or light or dark brown and then fired.
The styles, designs, decorations, and techniques of these ceramics are quite distinct from Seljuk traditions. During this period, naturalistic such as tulips, roses, pomegranates and hyacinths begin to enrich the repertoire of stylized plant motifs and arabesques.
Although the traditional designs of stylized plant motifs, arabesques, and Chinese clouds appear in the compositions, there is a shift towards a more naturalistic style in which tulips, carnations, hyacinths, roses, spring blossoms, lilies, cypress trees, and clusters of grapes and vine leaves appear. Ibrahim Pasa, a grand vizier during the reign of Ahmed III (1703-1730), had a tile-making factory set up at Tekfur Sarayi in Istanbul. Designs consist of underglaze spots, simply-drawn ships, flowers, fish, birds, and buildings that are applied free-hand. While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials.
Another important document to be mentioned in connection with the new Annex 15 is the EMA guidance on process validation.
Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments. This was also employed in interiors, especially in mihrab niches, the interiors of domes, transitions to domes, vaults, and walls. During the firing, the areas decorated with slip assume a lighter shade of the glaze color, which appears darker in the ground. They are decorated with motifs executed in tones of blue, turquoise, and violet under a colorless or colored glaze.
These changes in the Iznik potters' production habits are attributed to attempts to imitate the 15th-century Ming porcelains that were reaching the Ottoman court in various ways. Compositions are relaxed and free, offering greater scope for experimentation with new and richer arrangements. The output unfortunately was incomparably inferior to that of Iznik: designs were poor copies of Iznik originals, glazes had a blue cast and were flawed, and colors were dull and lifeless.
Felt can be of any colour, and made into any shape or size.Many cultures have legends as to the origins of feltmaking. Examples in which the motifs have black contours are also known, as are pieces with black decorations under a turquoise glaze. Tile manufacturing at Tekfur Sarayi lasted thirty years or so and the enterprise was generally regarded as a failure. The most common forms are dishes, plates, and jars.During the 19th century, quality dropped off sharply.
Different styles of calligraphy adorn the tile friezes on monuments; on utensils we find images of ships, 'rock-and-wave' motifs, triple-spots, animal figures, and fish-scale patterns. Nevertheless some of its output was used in buildings in Istanbul such as the Hekimoglu Ali Pasa Mosque (1734), the Yeni Valide Mosque (Uskudar, 1708), the Cezeri Kasim Pasa Mosque (Eyup, a restoration done in 1726 of a mosque originally built in 1515), and Kandilli Mosque (1751). Forms from this period consist of jars, ewers, jugs, vases, flower-pots, and candle-holders as well as animal and human figurines.
The story of Saint Clement and Saint Christopher relates that while fleeing from persecution, the men packed their sandals with wool to prevent blisters. The pieces were arranged glazed-side down after which a whitish mortar was poured over them. A feature of most 'Miletus' ware is that the interiors are given a coating of slip but part of the exteriors and the bases are not.
There is also a proliferation in vessel forms of which deep and footed bowls, vases, ewers, dishes, lamps, candle-holders, and mugs are but a few.Around the middle of the 17th century, the quality of the Iznik potteries began to feel the impact of the economic distress and political upheavals from which the Ottoman Empire had begun to suffer. There is also a hearth, now in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, whose tiles were made at Tekfur Saray.
Only a single-color glaze was used in these ceramics and there are instances in which black, white, blue, red, yellow, or gilded designs were applied over the glaze.10 Ceramic manufacturing at Canakkale was still being carried out as late as the middle of the 20th century. At the end of their journey, the movement and sweat had turned the wool into felt socks.Feltmaking is still practised by nomadic peoples in Central Asia and northern parts of East Asia, where rugs, tents and clothing are regularly made. Designs tend to be plant motifs and geometrical arrangements but animal figures are also encountered. The decorations include stylized foliage, arabesques, and Chinese clouds alone or in skillfully-executed compositions.Iznik blue-and-whites can be classified in a number of subgroups on the basis of their motifs and styles. Some of these are traditional items, such as the classic yurt, while others are designed for the tourist market, such as decorated slippers. Mosaic-tile compositions are generally geometrical but floral motifs and Kufic or Thuluth calligraphy are also found. The contours of the designs are picked out with a mixture of beeswax or vegetable fat and manganese oxide. One group, with motifs consisting of stylized lobed leaves with curling tips is attributed to a 'Baba Nakkas', a chief designer at the Ottoman court studios in the 15th century, and is therefore known as the Baba Nakkas style .4 Cobalt blue in various tones is the principal color. In the Western world, felt is widely used as a medium for expression in textile art as well as design, where it has significance as an ecological textile.Traditional Turkish Felt Workshop by Mehmet Girgic Mehmet girgic is a master Craftmen in Felt Making in Istanbul and we make our workshops in his Studio by himself or his assistants. During the firing, the wax or fat burns away producing contours of red or black that also prevent the differently-colored glazes from running into one another.The cuerda seca technique permits extremely complex and detailed designs to be applied to ceramic surfaces. One, a composition of thick motifs radiating around a central motif, is identical to the grooved designs on metal bath-bowls.2,The late 15th and early 16th century marks the beginning of a new period in Ottoman tile and ceramic-making.
In addition to plant motifs, examples decorated with calligraphy and (less commonly) geometric patterns that are a continuation of Seljuk traditions are to be found. During this period the Iznik manufactories apparently turned their attentions more and more to the demands of customers who were less finicky than the Istanbul court and its circles.
A rich and subtle palette of colors was available with colors such as turquoise, cobalt blue, lilac, yellow, black, and pistachio. Designs prepared by artists who were employed in the studios of the Ottoman court were sent to Iznik to be executed in wares ordered for use at the palace.
There is even evidence, in the form of written complaints, that orders placed by the court in Istanbul were being delayed.8 By the 18th century, the ceramic industry in Iznik had died out completely and Kutahya replaced it as the leading center in western Anatolia. In the lesson you will make the whole stages of a Felt making process and by the evening, you will be able to finish 1 item like a hat, bag, shoe, a scarf or a design that you choose..
The only place in Anatolia were tiles of this type have been found is Alaeddin Kiosk in Konya.
The court's patronage stimulated and supported the development of an artistically and technically advanced ceramic industry in Iznik.
Indeed, Kutahya had been in operation as a secondary center along with Iznik since the 14th century 9 but its production always paled in Iznik's brilliance. The palette of colors that this technique offers is much greater and one finds shades of violet, blue, turquoise, green, red, brown, black, and white as well as gilding.
Fine examples of cuerda seca tiles are to be found at the Bursa Green Mosque (1419-1420) and Tomb (1421-1422) the Mosque of Murad II (Edirne, 1436), the Tiled Kiosk (Istanbul), and the Tomb of Prince Mehmed (Istanbul, 1548).
But where production at Iznik was discontinued, Kutahya plodded on.For a while, the Kutahya potters produced inferior copies of Iznik blue-and-whites but they also began producing ceramics whose forms, colors, and techniques are quite distinct. Some colors were applied under the glaze and then fired; others were applied over the glaze which then received a secondary opaque white, transparent, or turquoise glaze and was fired again.
Among them are a group of Christian liturgical utensils and tiles with religious themes that were made by Armenian potters for their churches. The designs of minai tiles are lively and reminiscent of miniatures with themes taken from palace and court life.In underglaze tiles, the designs are painted onto the surface, which is then glazed before the tile is fired. 18th-century Kutahya ceramics are made with a white paste and are usually decorated with underglaze-applied designs in yellow, red, green, cobalt blue, turquoise, black, and violet.
Betul is our professional Artist that is graduated from Mimar Sinan University department of fine Arts in Istanbul.
She is professional in Ottoman Calligraphy - Tile Design & Turkish Motives - Ottoman Paper Marbling. Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. Forms, which can be elegant, include thin-walled small cups, saucers, bowls, ewers, pitchers, flasks, incense-burners, lemon-squeezers, and ornamental eggs. The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to a sheet of paper (or other surfaces such as fabric).
Fine examples of these tiles have been discovered at the excavations of the Kubadabad Palace in Beysehir, where the tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with figures of human beings and animals.The luster technique first appeared in Abbasid Iraq. This decorative material has been used to cover a variety of surfaces for several centuries. Later developed to a high level by the Fatimids in Egypt, it was successfully employed by the Iranian Seljuks. It is often employed as a writing surface fo calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monoprint.Need a break from the hustle and bustle of tourist life in Istanbul? The tiles discovered at the excavations of the palace are now on display at the Karatay Medrese Museum in Konya. Luster tiles are decorated in an overglaze technique in which the design is painted with lusterA?a mixture of metallic oxides incorporating silver and copperA?onto a previously glazed and fired surface. Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking. The tiles are then given a second firing at a lower temperature producing a range of lustrous, mostly brownish and yellowish tones.
Seljuk palace luster tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with human and animal figures.Anatolian Seljuks sometimes used square, rectangular, hexagonal, and triangular tiles to cover interior walls.
Its origin might ultimately hark back to China, where a document from the T'ang dynasty (618-907) mentions a process of coloring paper on water with five hues. These tiles are plain, with turquoise, violet, or cobalt blue being the chief colors applied in the underglaze technique. Sometimes the traces of overglaze gilding are to be found; however because the gilding was fired at a low temperature (or not fired at all), it was not durable and has mostly disappeared. By carefully laying the paper over the bath, the floating picture on top of it is readily transferred to the paper; thus, each ebru is a one of a kind print. To obtain beautiful ebru results, one needs to have a light hand, refined taste, and an open mind to the unexpected patterns forming on the water.
Patience and a good knowledge of traditional culture are characteristic of ebru masters.After the 1550's, booklovers in Europe prized ebru, which came to be known as ‘Turkish papers’. Many specimens in their collections and in the several album amicorum books are visible today in various museums.
Also, early texts dealing with ebru, such as “Discourse on decorating paper in the Turkish manner”, published in 1664 by Athanasius Kircher in Rome, helped to disseminate the knowledge of this kind of marbling art.
There is agreement amongst scholars that the so-called Turkish Papers played a colourful influence on the book arts in Europe.MATERIALS USED IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MARBLING Gum tragacath – Dye – Paintbrush – Basin – Water – Paper - Gall Gum Tragacant is obtained from trunk of a thorny plant growing naturally in Anatolian, Persian and Turkestan mountians and called “gaven”.
The sap coming out of scratches made on the branches dries up later and solidifies in bone white colored pieces . Turkish is a very rich country in respect of such natural dyes.Any kind of earth may be first translated into mud then filtered and crushed to from a dye. In older times rainwater was favorite but because of acide rain in our times it is no longer advisable.
Paper: The ideal paper is the one handmade and having a high absorbtion capacity and acid-free. In order to increasethe absorbtion capaticy and to fix the dye on it(more durable) and alumina solution may be applied on the paper surface. For instance when blue yellow are simultaneously applied and mixed up as much as possible never green comes out.3. MARBLING APPLIED TO PAPER PATTERNS,Marbling is similar to cooking; it is impossible to give the exact recipe. The density of the gummed water and the relationships between the water and the dye, the dye and the tensioning agent (gall), the quantity of gall in the dye are all very important. Now if this basic pattern is handled by parellel lines made by a thin pencil or chip moved back and forth you obtain “the back-and-forth”. When a convolute line is applied from the outer circumference towards the centre you obtain a “nightingale nest”. In the event small colorfull dots are spotted on the back-and-forth or shawl design you get the “sprinkled marbling”. If, instead, you apply larger dots (which means with higher rate of gall contents) you obtain the “prophyry marble” which resemble most to marble.,Nonetheless above patterns may be divesified by selecting one of the above as a basis and making concentric drops of different colors. Mehmet Efendi (the orator of Saint Sophia, deceased in 1973) first formed flower and other patterns, wich were subsequenly called the “Orator pattern” (Hatip ebrusu).
The paper is then careflly lifted off the basin without stripping too much the gum off the surface.
This infinity of colors and shapes quickly formed makes the marbling amazing at and fascinates the spectator (if any).
Hikmet BARUTCUGIL,Mimar Sinan University paper marbling, fabric marbling, faux marbling, parrys graining and marbling, marbling paint, contemporary create design fabric marbling paper technique traditional, Turkish Marbling - Ebru Lessons in Istanbul.Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Come take an art class with the remarkable Turkish artist Bahar !LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper . CONTEMPORARY create design fabric marbling paper technique designs on paper, glass or on silk fabrics .Our teacher that is shown in our pictures is Ms. Contemporary artists in the Islamic world draw on the heritage of calligraphy to use calligraphic inscriptions or abstractions in their work.LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper . EXPERIENCE the sensuous flow of Ottoman Calligraphy,CONTEMPORARY create designs with Turkish patternts on tiles,Our teacher that is shown in the pictures are Mrs.



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