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For individual courses, the PDF certificate is only $13, the original certificate is $17 (shipping extra), and the PDF & original certificate is $22 (shipping extra). It's important that you be familiar with OSHA's hazard communication standards to help save lives and avoid OSHA citations.
Take a look at OSHA's top 10 most cited violations for 2015 and you will see that hazard communication ranks high.
Protection under the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) includes all workers exposed to hazardous chemicals in all industrial sectors. The HCS covers both physical hazards (such as flammability or the potential for explosions), and health hazards (including both acute and chronic effects).
This course will focus on the responsibilities of the employer in establishing and implementing an effective hazard communication program. List the primary Hazard Communications Standard responsibilities for manufacturers, distributors, importers, and employers. After you have studied all of the course material and taken the module quizzes, you can take the final exam. Aerosol means any non-refillable receptacle made of metal, glass or plastics and containing a gas compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure, with or without a liquid, paste or powder, and fitted with a release device allowing the contents to be ejected as solid or liquid particles in suspension in a gas, as a foam, paste or powder or in a liquid state or in a gaseous state. Alloy means a metallic material, homogeneous the naked eye, consisting of two or more elements so combined that they cannot be readily separated by mechanical means. ASTM means the American Society for Testing and Materials develops voluntary consensus standards for materials, products, systems, and services. Carcinogen means substance or a mixture of substances which induce cancer or increase its incidence.
Chemical Name means a name given to a chemical in the nomenclature system developed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) or the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) or a name that will clearly identify the chemical for hazard classification purposes. Competent authority means any national body(ies) or authority(ies) designated or otherwise recognized as such in connection with the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).
Compressed gas means a gas which when packaged under pressure is entirely gaseous at -50°C; including all gases with a critical temperature ? -50°C. Contact sensitizer means a substance that will induce an allergic response following skin contact.
Corrosive to metal means a substance or a mixture which by chemical action will materially damage, or even destroy, metals. Critical temperature means the temperature above which a pure gas cannot be liquefied, regardless of the degree of compression.
Dissolved gas means a gas which when packaged under pressure is dissolved in a liquid phase solvent. EC50 means the effective concentration of a substance that causes 50% of the maximum response. EC Number or (ECN°) is a reference number used by the European Communities to identify dangerous substances, in particular those registered under EINECS.
Explosive substance means a solid or liquid substance (or mixture of substances) which is in itself capable by chemical reaction of producing gas at such a temperature and pressure and at such a speed as to cause damage to the surroundings. Eye irritation means the production of changes in the eye following the application of test substance to the front surface of the eye, which are fully reversible within 21 days of application.
Flammable solid means a solid which is readily combustible, or may cause or contribute to fire through friction.
Flash point means the lowest temperature (corrected to a standard pressure of 101.3 kPa) at which the application of an ignition source causes the vapors of a liquid to ignite under specified test conditions.
Label means an appropriate group of written, printed or graphic information elements concerning a hazardous product, selected as relevant to the target sector(s), that is affixed to, printed on, or attached to the immediate container of a hazardous product, or to the outside packaging of a hazardous product.
LC50 (50% lethal concentration) means the concentration of a chemical in air or of a chemical in water which causes the death of 50% (one-half) of a group of test animals. Liquefied gas means a gas which when packaged under pressure, is partially liquid at temperatures above-50°C. Mixture means a mixture or a solution composed of two or more substances in which they do not react.
MSDS means "Material Safety Data Sheet" and in this document is used interchangeably with Safety Data Sheet (SDS).
Organic peroxide means liquid or solid organic chemical which contains the bivalent -0-0- structure and as such is considered a derivative of hydrogen peroxide, where one or both of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic radicals. Oxidizing liquid means a liquid which, while in itself not necessarily combustible, may, generally by yielding oxygen, cause, or contribute to, the combustion of other material. Oxidizing solid means a solid which, while in itself not necessarily combustible, may, generally by yielding oxygen, cause, or contribute to, the combustion of other material. Pictogram means a graphical composition that may include a symbol plus other graphic elements, such as a border, background pattern or color that is intended to convey specific information. Product identifier means the name or number used for a hazardous product on a label or in the SDS.
Pyrophoric liquid means a liquid which, even in small quantities, is liable to ignite within five minutes after coming into contact with air. Pyrophoric solid means a solid which, even in small quantities, is liable to ignite within five minutes after coming into contact with air.
Pyrotechnic substance means a substance or mixture of substances designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas or smoke or a combination of these as the result of non-detonative, self-sustaining exothermic (heat-related) chemical reactions. Readily combustible solid means powdered, granular, or pasty substance or mixture which is dangerous if it can be easily ignited by brief contact with an ignition source, such as a burning match, and if the flame spreads rapidly. Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of Tests and Criteria means the latest revised edition of the United Nations publication bearing this title, and any published amendment thereto. Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations means the latest revised edition of the United Nations publication bearing this title, and any published amendment thereto. Refrigerated liquefied gas means a gas which when packaged is made partially liquid because of its low temperature. Respiratory sensitizer means a chemical that will lead to hypersensitivity of the airways following inhalation of the chemical.
RID means The Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail [Annex 1 to Appendix B (Uniform Rules concerning the Contract for International Carriage of Goods by Rail) (CIM) of COTIF (Convention concerning international carriage by rail)], as amended. SDS means "Safety Data Sheet" and in this document is used interchangeably with Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
Self-Accelerating Decomposition Temperature (SADT) means the lowest temperature at which self-accelerating decomposition may occur with substance as packaged. Self-heating chemical means a solid or liquid chemical, other than a pyrophoric substance, which, by reaction with air and without energy supply, is liable to self-heat; this substance differs from a pyrophoric substance in that it will ignite only when in large amounts (kilograms) and after long periods of time (hours or days). Self-reactive chemical means a thermally unstable liquid or solid chemical liable to undergo a strongly exothermic decomposition even without participation of oxygen (air).
Serious eye damage means the production of tissue damage in the eye, or serious physical decay of vision, following application of a test substance to the front surface of the eye, which is not fully reversible within 21 days of application. Signal word means a word used to indicate the relative level of severity of hazard and alert the reader to a potential hazard on the label.
Skin corrosion means the production of irreversible damage to the skin; namely, visible necrosis through the epidermis and into the dermis, following the application of a test substance for up to 4 hours. Skin irritation means the production of reversible damage to the skin following the application of a test substance for up to 4 hours.
Skin sensitizer means a substance that will induce an allergic response following skin contact. Substance means chemical elements and their compounds in the natural state or obtained by any production process, including any additive necessary to preserve the stability of the product and any impurities deriving from the process used, but excluding any solvent which may be separated without affecting the stability of the substance or changing its composition. Substance which, in contact with water, emits flammable gases means a solid or liquid substance or mixture which, by interaction with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable gases in dangerous quantities. Supplemental label element means any additional non-harmonized type of information supplied on the container of a hazardous product that is not required or specified under the GHS. Technical name means a name that is generally used in commerce, regulations and codes to identify a substance or mixture, other than the IUPAC or CAS name, and that is recognized by the scientific community. TLV-TWA: The allowable Time-Weighted Average - A concentration for a normal 8- hour workday or 40-hour workweek. TLV-STEL: Short-Term Exposure Limit - A maximum concentration for a continuous 15-minute exposure period (maximum of four such periods per day, with at least 60 minutes between exposure periods, and provided the daily TLV-TWA is not exceeded).
TLV-Skin - The skin designation refers to the potential contribution to the overall exposure by the cutaneous route, including mucous membranes and the eye. TWA - Time-Weighted Average means the concentration of a material to which a person is exposed, averaged over the total exposure time – generally the total workday (8 to 12 hours); also see TLV. UNSCEGHS means the "United Nations Sub-Committee of Experts on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals".
UNSCETDG means the "United Nations Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods". Vapor pressure of a substance at 100 deg F will always be higher than the vapor pressure of the substance at 68 deg F (20 deg C). Now that you have reviewed scope of the Hazard Communication Rule and employer responsibilities, it's time to get down to business.

The criteria for determining whether a chemical is classified as a health hazard are detailed in Appendix A to 1910.1200 -- Health Hazard Criteria. You might think that the chemicals which apply to the rule are those in liquid, gas or particulate form. Fumes - are even smaller particles usually formed when solid metal is heated and vaporized, and then condenses as tiny particles.
How the chemical contacts the body: Is the chemical ingested, inhaled, absorbed, or injected?
Another important task when assessing the workplace for chemical hazards is to determine the route(s) of entry the chemicals may take. We'll be talking more about the physical characteristics, routes of entry, and toxicity of hazardous chemicals later in the SDS module.
Once you identify and know the nature of the hazards of each chemical, it becomes important to control those hazards by eliminating or reducing those hazards using a systematic approach. Hazardous substances can be used safely in workplaces if adequate control strategies are used to prevent exposure to those chemicals. Elimination: The best solution is to totally eliminate hazardous substances in the workplace. Engineering Controls: Redesign or modify processes that use toxic chemicals to eliminate or reduce exposure to the chemical hazard itself. The last two strategies focus on doing something with behaviors to reduce exposure to the hazard.
Administrative Controls: Change work procedures to reduce the duration, frequency, and severity of exposure to the chemical hazard. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): The use of PPE is probably the most common strategy, and mandatory when working with hazardous chemicals. Remember, the first question you want to ask is, "How can I eliminate, reduce, or engineer out the hazard?" Hopefully you'll be able to eliminate the hazard or reduce it to the point where safe behaviors or PPE won't be necessary. In this podcast, HazCom industry expert Chuck Paulausky details these new standards, based on the Globally Harmonized System, GHS.
The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists is an organization of government and academic professionals engaged in occupational safety and health programs. The amount of a substance administered or received over a very short period of time (minutes or hours), usually within 24 hours. An abnormal immunologic response in a person who has become hypersensitive to a specific substance. The American National Standards Institute is a privately funded, voluntary membership organization that identifies industrial and public needs for national consensus standards and coordinates development of such standards. ASTM is a resource for sampling and testing methods, information on health and safety aspects of materials, safe performance guidelines, and effects of physical agents, biological agents, and chemicals.
The lowest temperature at which a flammable gas or vapor-air mixture will spontaneously ignite without spark or flame. The temperature at which a liquid changes to a vapor state, at a given pressure; usually expressed in degrees of Fahrenheit or Centigrade at sea level pressure (760 mm Hg or one atmosphere). Substances and mixtures which have induced benign and malignant tumors in well- performed experimental studies on animals are considered also to be presumed or suspected human carcinogens unless there is strong evidence that the mechanism of tumor formation is not relevant for humans.
A number assigned to a specific chemical by the Chemical Abstracts Service, an organization operated by the American Chemical Society.
Cubic centimeter is a volume measurement in the metric system that is equal in capacity to one milliliter (ml).
Solid or liquid chemicals which, by interaction with water, are liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable gases in dangerous quantities. Adverse effects resulting from repeated doses or exposures to a substance over a relatively prolonged period of time. Breakdown of a material or substance into simpler substances by heat, chemical reaction, electrolysis, decay, or other processes. Deoxyribonucleic acid; the molecules in the nucleus of the cell that contain genetic information.
The branch of science concerned with the study of human disease in specific populations, in order to develop information about the causes of disease and identify preventive measures. The ratio of the time required to evaporate a measured volume of a liquid to the time required to evaporate the same volume of a reference liquid (butyl acetate, ethyl ether) under ideal test conditions. A solid or liquid chemical which is in itself capable by chemical reaction of producing gas at such a temperature and pressure and at such a speed as to cause damage to the surroundings. The range of concentrations of a flammable gas or vapor (percent by volume in air) in which an explosion can occur if an ignition source is present.
For specific information on the definition and test methods of flammable materials, refer to 29 CFR 1910.1200.
Gases which are contained in a receptacle at a pressure of 200 kPa (29 psi) (gauge) or more, or which are liquefied or liquefied and refrigerated.
These apply to agents or processes which alter the structure, information content, or segregation of DNA, including those which cause DNA damage by interfering with normal replication processes, or which in a non-physiological manner (temporarily) alter its replication.
These categories compare hazard severity within a hazard class and should not be taken as a comparison of hazard categories more generally. An adverse physical or health effect identified through evaluation of scientific evidence during the classification process that does not meet the specified criteria for the physical and health hazard classes addressed in this section.
A chemical or item which is manufactured with a view to produce a practical explosive or pyrotechnic effect.
Lowest concentration of a substance in air (usually expressed in percent by volume) that will produce a flash or fire when an ignition source (heat, electric arc, or flame) is present. A tumor that can invade surrounding tissues or metastasize to distant sites resulting in life-threatening consequences. Milligrams per cubic meter; a unit for measuring concentrations of particulates or gases in the air (a weight per unit volume). The most commonly used unit of measure in medicine and toxicity consisting of one thousandth of a gram (1x10-3 g). The National Fire Protection Association is an international membership organization which promotes fire protection and prevention and establishes safeguards against loss of life and property by fire. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Any gas which may, generally by providing oxygen, cause or contribute to the combustion of other material more than air does. A legally enforceable occupational exposure limit established by OSHA, usually measured as an eight-hour time-weighted average, but also may be expressed as a ceiling concentration exposure limit.
It provides a unique means by which the product user can identify the substance or mixture within the particular use setting (e.g. A chemical in a gaseous state that will ignite spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130?F (54.4?C) or below. A chemical designed to produce an effect by heat, light, sound, gas or smoke or a combination of these as the result of non-detonative self-sustaining exothermic chemical reactions.
A substance’s susceptibility to undergo a chemical reaction or change that may result in dangerous side effects, such as an explosion, burning, and corrosive or toxic emissions. This hazard includes adverse effects on sexual function and fertility in adult males and females, as well as adverse effects on development of the offspring. This definition excludes substances or mixtures classified under the GHS as explosive, organic peroxides or as oxidizing.
A substance or mixture that displaces oxygen in the ambient atmosphere, and can thus cause oxygen deprivation in those who are exposed, leading to unconsciousness and death. Corrosive reactions are typified by ulcers, bleeding, bloody scabs, and, by the end of observation at 14 days, by discoloration due to blanching of the skin, complete areas of alopecia (baldness), and scars. A substance that can cause malformations or alterations in the appearance or function of a developing embryo.
The occupational exposure limit published by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). Any substance that can cause injury or illness, or which is suspected of being able to cause injury or illness under some conditions. A relative property of a chemical agent that refers to a harmful effect on some biological mechanism and the conditions under which this effect occurs.
The study of the harmful interactions of chemicals on living organisms and biological systems. The weight of a vapor or gas compared to the weight of an equal volume of air is an expression of the density of the vapor or gas. The tendency or ability of a liquid or solid material to form a gas at ordinary temperatures. It's important for the person conducting the initial assessment to be familiar with the definition and characteristics of "hazardous chemicals," so let's take a look. If we know the route(s) of entry, we can then determine appropriate engineering, administrative, and PPE controls to eliminate or reduce the exposure. The SDS is your primary tool to determine the physical and health hazards, routes of entry, toxicity, and other information about each chemical in your workplace.

A control strategy includes any device, procedure, piece of equipment, system, etc., that is used to keep hazardous chemicals from contacting workers at harmful levels. For the purposes of the Hazardous Communication Standard (HCS), a "hazardous chemical" as any chemical which poses a physical or a health hazard. The primary tool to determine the physical and health hazards of chemicals in the workplace is the _____. Under the hazard communication rule, solids are not considered potentially hazardous chemicals. ACGIH establishes recommended occupational exposure limits for chemical substances and physical agents known as Threshold Limit Values; see TLV. Vapors and gases will spontaneously ignite at lower temperatures as the concentration of oxygen increases in the air. It is often accompanied by a hissing or squealing sound with a smoky or sharp-pointed flame. At concentrations lower than the LEL, propagation of a flame will not occur in the presence of an ignition source. Organic peroxides are thermally unstable chemicals, which may undergo exothermic self-accelerating decomposition.
Some reproductive toxic effects cannot be clearly assigned to either impairment of sexual function and fertility or to developmental toxicity. This designation indicates that appropriate measures should be taken to prevent skin absorption. Liquids such as alcohol and gasoline, because of their tendency to evaporate rapidly, are called volatile liquids.
If you can't get rid of the toxic substances, you may be able to replace them with substances that are at least less toxic. The primary focus is to incorporate safer work practices through written safety policies, rules, supervision and training. Once again, the chemical hazard is neither eliminated nor reduced, and a high reliance is placed on appropriate use of PPE for this strategy to be successful. With chemical list in hand, obtain a SDS for each chemical in preparation for the next step.
And that's a problem because you may have to regularly supervise employees as they perform a task. All vapors and gases will mix with air, but the lighter materials will tend to rise and dissipate (unless confined).
Heavier vapors and gases are likely to concentrate in low places along or under floors, in sumps, sewers, manholes, trenches, and ditches, where they may create fire or health hazards. THESE VERY SAME ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, WHO HAVE SWORN TO PROTECT AND SERVE, OUR COUNTRY, AND CITIZENS ,ARE BUT SOME, OF THE CORRUPT,GREEDY TRAITORS .ENGAGED IN THE TYRANNY AND TORTURE. The school district has moved to a biometric identification program, saying students will no longer have to use an ID card to buy lunch.A  BIOMETRICS TO TRACK YOUR KIDS!!!!!i»?i»?A TARGETED INDIVIDUALS, THE GREEDY CRIMINALS ARE NOW CONDONING THEIR TECH!
Paul Weindling, history of medicine professor at Oxford Brookes University, describes his search for the lost victims of Nazi experiments. The chairman of the board at ESL a€” then proprietor of the desert wasteland in Nevada known as a€?Area 51a€? a€” was William Perry, who would be appointed secretary of defense several years later. EUCACH.ORG PanelIn a 2-hour wide-ranging Panel with Alfred Lambremont Webre on the Transhumanist Agenda, Magnus Olsson, Dr. Henning Witte, and Melanie Vritschan, three experts from the European Coalition Against Covert Harassment, revealed recent technological advances in human robotization and nano implant technologies, and an acceleration of what Melanie Vritschan characterized as a a€?global enslavement programa€?.Shift from electromagnetic to scalar wavesThese technologies have now shifted from electromagnetic wave to scalar waves and use super quantum computers in the quantum cloud to control a€?pipesa€? a reference to the brains of humans that have been taken over via DNA, via implants that can be breathed can breach the blood-brain barrier and then controlled via scalar waved on a super-grid. Eventually, such 'subvocal speech' systems could be used in spacesuits, in noisy places like airport towers to capture air-traffic controller commands, or even in traditional voice-recognition programs to increase accuracy, according to NASA scientists."What is analyzed is silent, or sub auditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself," said Chuck Jorgensen, a scientist whose team is developing silent, subvocal speech recognition at NASA Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley. We numbered the columns and rows, and we could identify each letter with a pair of single-digit numbers," Jorgensen said. People in noisy conditions could use the system when privacy is needed, such as during telephone conversations on buses or trains, according to scientists."An expanded muscle-control system could help injured astronauts control machines. If an astronaut is suffering from muscle weakness due to a long stint in microgravity, the astronaut could send signals to software that would assist with landings on Mars or the Earth, for example," Jorgensen explained. These are processed to remove noise, and then we process them to see useful parts of the signals to show one word from another," Jorgensen said.After the signals are amplified, computer software 'reads' the signals to recognize each word and sound. Our Research and Development Division has been in contact with the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections, the Texas Department of Public Safety, and the Massachusetts Department of Correction to run limited trials of the 2020 neural chip implant. We have established representatives of our interests in both management and institutional level positions within these departments.
Federal regulations do not yet permit testing of implants on prisoners, but we have entered nto contractual agreements with privatized health care professionals and specified correctional personnel to do limited testing of our products.
We need, however, to expand our testing to research how effective the 2020 neural chip implant performs in those identified as the most aggressive in our society.
In California, several prisoners were identified as members of the security threat group, EME, or Mexican Mafia. They were brought to the health services unit at Pelican Bay and tranquilized with advanced sedatives developed by our Cambridge,Massachussetts laboratories.
The results of implants on 8 prisoners yielded the following results: a€?Implants served as surveillance monitoring device for threat group activity. However, during that period substantial data was gathered by our research and development team which suggests that the implants exceed expected results. One of the major concerns of Security and the R & D team was that the test subject would discover the chemial imbalance during the initial adjustment period and the test would have to be scurbbed. However, due to advanced technological developments in the sedatives administered, the 48 hour adjustment period can be attributed t prescription medication given to the test subjects after the implant procedure. One of the concerns raised by R & D was the cause of the bleeding and how to eliminate that problem. Unexplained bleeding might cause the subject to inquire further about his "routine" visit to the infirmary or health care facility.
Security officials now know several strategies employed by the EME that facilitate the transmission of illegal drugs and weapons into their correctional facilities. One intelligence officier remarked that while they cannot use the informaiton that have in a court of law that they now know who to watch and what outside "connections" they have. The prison at Soledad is now considering transferring three subjects to Vacaville wher we have ongoing implant reserach.
Our technicians have promised that they can do three 2020 neural chip implants in less than an hour. Soledad officials hope to collect information from the trio to bring a 14 month investigation into drug trafficking by correctional officers to a close.
Essentially, the implants make the unsuspecting prisoner a walking-talking recorder of every event he comes into contact with. There are only five intelligence officers and the Commisoner of Corrections who actually know the full scope of the implant testing.
In Massachusetts, the Department of Corrections has already entered into high level discussion about releasing certain offenders to the community with the 2020 neural chip implants. Our people are not altogether against the idea, however, attorneys for Intelli-Connection have advised against implant technology outside strick control settings. While we have a strong lobby in the Congress and various state legislatures favoring our product, we must proceed with the utmost caution on uncontrolled use of the 2020 neural chip.
If the chip were discovered in use not authorized by law and the procedure traced to us we could not endure for long the resulting publicity and liability payments. Massachusetts officials have developed an intelligence branch from their Fugitive Task Force Squad that would do limited test runs under tight controls with the pre-release subjects.
Correctons officials have dubbed these poetnetial test subjects "the insurance group." (the name derives from the concept that the 2020 implant insures compliance with the law and allows officials to detect misconduct or violations without question) A retired police detective from Charlestown, Massachusetts, now with the intelligence unit has asked us to consider using the 2020 neural chip on hard core felons suspected of bank and armored car robbery.
He stated, "Charlestown would never be the same, we'd finally know what was happening before they knew what was happening." We will continue to explore community uses of the 2020 chip, but our company rep will be attached to all law enforcement operations with an extraction crrew that can be on-site in 2 hours from anywhere at anytime. We have an Intelli-Connection discussion group who is meeting with the Director of Security at Florence, Colorado's federal super maximum security unit. The initial discussions with the Director have been promising and we hope to have an R & D unit at this important facilitly within the next six months. Napolitano insisted that the department was not planning on engaging in any form of ideological profiling. I will tell him face-to-face that we honor veterans at DHS and employ thousands across the department, up to and including the Deputy Secretary," Ms. Steve Buyer of Indiana, the ranking Republican on the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, called it "inconceivable" that the Obama administration would categorize veterans as a potential threat.

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