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The recent presidential debates have not dealt with in any depth the most important long-term issue facing the country – education. The terrible battle in Wisconsin over teachers’ collective bargaining rights, and of the teachers’ strike in Chicago over a host of issues, prominently, seniority issues, are symptoms of our concerns, but they are not focused on what’s wrong. The results should have been embarrassing for the United States, although I’d guess that very few in this country paid any attention. Shanghai swept to first place by far in all three exams, with Finland, South Korea and Singapore coming in second in science, reading and math, respectively. When a student enters high school and subsequently drops out, there is a terrible waste of a life unfulfilled and public expense in educating that person.
According the US Bureau of Labor Statistics there were 3.7 million job openings available as of July 2012*.
I believe it’s fair to say that schools of education largely teach the technology of education, that is they teach one how to teach. David McCullough, perhaps our greatest living historian was just interviewed on CBS’ 60 Minutes. President Bill Clinton recently pointed out that people who have an ideology tend to bend the facts to fit their ideology instead of seeking the truth. There are and always have been any number of excellent public and private schools in the United States. Many states have dropped out of the program, citing either financial exigencies, a lack of cost-effectiveness, or both. Everyone knows that some schools are truly excellent, with great teachers, enthusiastic and hard-working students, and excellent outcomes. Online courses such as Kahn Academy and many others allow students to learn at their own pace, be it faster or slower. Finally I want to spend some time discussing why I believe science should form the basis of all education. So it makes sense to build on this natural passion for understanding in order to construct a formal education.
Let me tell you about the best program I’ve seen yet, one that I was intimately involved with at one time (I was chairman of its Advisory Board for several years). The SSEC has now implemented K-12 programs in 1,200 school districts in the United States affecting some 30% of all students. After the war in Vietnam a number of boat people from Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia started arriving at our shores.
This attracted the attention of a group of researchers at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor who conducted a large study over a number of years to find out how they did it. Note that “family values” as used here are different from those political code words in common use currently in the US. On the GPA’s 79% of the children earned A’s or B’s in their local schools, and on the state-wide math tests 85% earned A’s or B’s. Maybe there’s something here that explains how the Vietnamese were able to defeat not only the French imperialists but also the world’s greatest war machine, the USA. Those who believe in American Exceptionalism should look deeply into the eyes of these children. 2.The quality of our primary and secondary education has declined in comparison to that of many other countries.
IN EGYPT AND TUNISIA, ORDINARY CITIZENS HAVE TOPPLED AUTOCRATS; ELSEWHERE IN THE ARAB WORLD, they still battle dictators, armed with little more than their belief in freedom, human rights, and democracy.
As the British scientist Jacob Bronowski observed more than half a century ago, the enterprise of science requires the adoption of certain values that are adhered to by its practitioners with exceptional rigor. Science advances by overthrowing an existing paradigm, or at least substantially expanding or modifying it.
This constant renewal and advancement of our scientific understanding is a central feature of the scientific enterprise.
The new Arab societies we are building must be open pluralistic societies that are producers of knowledge and new opportunities. I wanted to comment on your folio and call your attention to an opinion by Linda Greenhouse in the NY Times today. On your education manifesto, I agree with Dodie's comment about the way schools are funded in this country.
I’m working on my next offering that deals with how we might actually bring about a renaissance in the American family within a generation or at most, two. This article by Frederick Hess on school choice in ‘National Affairs’ has just come in, with an extensive analysis of why charter schools are a disappointment. Excluding the 19 hijackers, 2,974 people died as an immediate result of the attacks with another 24 missing and presumed dead. The attacks had major ramifications around the world, with the United States declaring a War on Terrorism in response and launching an invasion of Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, who had been accused of willfully harboring terrorists.
The damage to the Pentagon was cleared and repaired within a year, and a small memorial built on the site.
During the hijacking of the airplanes, some passengers and crew members were able to make phone calls using the cabin GTE airphone service and mobile phones.[6][7] They reported that several hijackers were aboard each plane. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) launched investigations into the cause of collapse for the three buildings, subsequently expanding the investigation to include questions over measures to prevent progressive collapse, such as fire resistance design and retrofitting of structural steel. The attacks created widespread confusion among news organizations and air traffic controllers across the United States.
A total of 411 emergency workers who responded to the scene died as they attempted to implement rescue and fire suppression efforts.
Weeks after the attack, the estimated death toll was over 6,000.[49] The city was only able to identify remains for approximately 1,600 of the victims at the World Trade Center. In addition to the 110-floor Twin Towers of the World Trade Center itself, numerous other buildings at the World Trade Center site were destroyed or badly damaged, including 7 World Trade Center, 6 World Trade Center, 5 World Trade Center, 4 World Trade Center, the Marriott World Trade Center and St.
Osama bin Laden's declaration of a holy war against the United States, and a fatwA? signed by bin Laden and others calling for the killing of American civilians in 1998, are seen by investigators as evidence of his motivation to commit such acts. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was arrested on March 1, 2003 in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.[101] Mohammed ultimately ended up at Guantanamo Bay. A variety of scholarship has also focused on bin Laden's overall strategy as a motive for the attacks.
The NATO council declared that the attacks on the United States were considered an attack on all NATO nations and, as such, satisfied Article 5 of the NATO charter.[118] In the immediate aftermath of the attacks, the Bush administration declared a war on terrorism, with the stated goals of bringing Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda to justice and preventing the emergence of other terrorist networks. Within the United States, Congress passed and President Bush signed the Homeland Security Act of 2002, creating the Department of Homeland Security, representing the largest restructuring of the U.S.
Following the attacks, 80,000 Arab and Muslim immigrants were fingerprinted and registered under the Alien Registration Act of 1940. Approximately one month after the attacks, the United States led a broad coalition of international forces in the removal of the Taliban regime for harboring the al-Qaeda organization.[136] The Pakistani authorities moved decisively to align themselves with the United States in a war against the Taliban and al-Qaeda. Various conspiracy theories have emerged subsequent to the attacks suggesting that individuals inside the United States knew the attacks were coming and deliberately chose not to prevent them, or that individuals outside of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda planned or carried out the attacks.[148] The community of civil engineers generally accepts the mainstream account that the impacts of jets at high speeds in combination with subsequent fires, rather than controlled demolition, led to the collapse of the Twin Towers.
A federal technical building and fire safety investigation of the collapses of the Twin Towers and 7 WTC has been conducted by the United States Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In May 2007, senators from both the Democratic Party and the Republican Party drafted legislation that would openly present an internal CIA investigative report.
North American air space was closed for several days after the attacks and air travel decreased significantly upon its reopening. Legal disputes over the attendant costs of illnesses related to the attacks are still in the court system. In the days immediately following the attacks, many memorials and vigils were held around the world.[187][188][189] In addition, pictures were placed all over Ground Zero. One of the first memorials was the Tribute in Light, an installation of 88 searchlights at the footprints of the World Trade Center towers which projected two vertical columns of light into the sky.[191] In New York, the World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition was held to design an appropriate memorial on the site. Hi, I'm an admin for a group called sad world, and we'd love to have this added to the group!
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Hi, I'm an admin for a group called WTC BEFORE 911, and we'd love to have this added to the group! Jesus said there would be some people who would kill you (obviously meaning the Christians or Christ followers) who would think they were doing a Godly service.
We still have superb research and graduate education universities, but to uphold standards they now draw heavily on foreign students and faculty.
I believe that if teachers want to be unionized, they should be allowed to, but they have a responsibility in turn not to abuse their power. In about half of the United States fully one third of the students entering high school never graduate. This is a good thing, but it surely should not be the only thing that prospective educators learn in four years of college.
We have a plague of ideology in this country that is stifling any public – particularly political – discourse. Yet the majority of the population continues on the path of mediocrity and even ineptitude. It began in 1965 to provide summer school for children about to start kindergarten and later expanded to include year-round preschool classes. What is meant by this is salaries that can lure people into a profession that they actually want but don’t enter because salaries in industry are so much more. It was called the National Science Resources Center, a joint project of the National Academy of Sciences and the Smithsonian Institution, and is now the Smithsonian Science Education Center – SSEC. Perhaps no one has said this better than the Librarian of the historic Library of Alexandria, Egypt.
Here are just two measures, their average grades and their math scores on the California Achievement Tests (CAT). In the Indochinese culture these results are probably to be expected; in ours, they are hugely impressive.
They may be among those who came to the United States with nothing but the rags on their backs, and beat your kids in science and math. Inter-school sports competitions should be abandoned in favor of intramural contests in which all students can participate.
Thus there is a certain constructive subversiveness built into the scientific enterprise, as a new generation of scientists makes its own contribution. It requires a tolerant engagement with the contrarian view that is grounded in disputes arbitrated by the rules of evidence and rationality.
Our youth have sparked our revolution, just as other young people have transformed societies, reinvented business enterprise, and redefined our scientific understanding of the world we live in. Fitch is President of his own consulting firm, Fitch & Associates, based in Taos, New Mexico. If our nation and its states and communities and families get our principles and standards straight, the funding will undoubtedly follow.
If we give even more responsibilities to the schools for the rearing of children, we shall have more bureaucracy interfering with how we should live and think, and at greater cost. On that morning, terrorists affiliated with al-Qaeda hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners.[1][2] The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the World Trade Center in New York City, resulting in the collapse of both buildings soon afterward and extensive damage to nearby buildings. The overwhelming majority of casualties were civilians, including nationals from over 90 different countries.
The United States passed the USA PATRIOT Act, as many nations around the world strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded law enforcement powers.



Rebuilding the World Trade Center site has been more contentious, with controversy over possible designs as well as the pace of construction. All international civilian air traffic was banned from landing on US soil for three days.[19] Aircraft already in flight were either turned back or redirected to airports in Canada or Mexico.
After the first tower collapsed, FDNY commanders experienced difficulties communicating evacuation orders to firefighters inside the towers due to malfunctioning radio repeater systems in the World Trade Center. Soon after the invasion, Osama bin Laden traveled to Afghanistan where he helped organize Arab mujahideen and established the Maktab al-Khidamat (MAK) organization to resist the Soviets.
It released its report on July 22, 2004, concluding that the attacks were conceived and implemented by members of al-Qaeda.
At the same time, another 17 al-Qaeda members were sentenced to penalties of between six and eleven years.[106][107] On February 16, 2006, the Spanish Supreme Court reduced the Abu Dahdah penalty to 12 years because it considered that his participation in the conspiracy was not proven. These goals would be accomplished by means including economic and military sanctions against states perceived as harboring terrorists and increasing global surveillance and intelligence sharing.
There were reports of verbal abuse, attacks on mosques and other religious buildings (including the firebombing of a Hindu temple) and assaults on people, including one murder: Balbir Singh Sodhi was fatally shot on September 15, 2001. Top organizations include: Islamic Society of North America, American Muslim Alliance, American Muslim Council, Council on American-Islamic Relations, The Islamic Circle of North America, and the Shari'a Scholars Association of North America. Across the globe, nations offered pro-American support and solidarity.[133] Leaders in most Middle Eastern countries, including Afghanistan, condemned the attacks. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the American Stock Exchange, and NASDAQ did not open on September 11 and remained closed until September 17.
The attacks led to nearly a 20% cutback in air travel capacity, and severely exacerbated financial problems in the struggling U.S. On October 17, 2006, federal judge Alvin Hellerstein rejected New York City's refusal to pay for health costs for rescue workers, allowing for the possibility of numerous suits against the city.[178] Government officials have been faulted for urging the public to return to lower Manhattan in the weeks shortly following the attacks. We're going to come out of this stronger than before, politically stronger, economically stronger. A witness described being unable to "get away from faces of innocent victims who were killed. Seems either no one is talking about louis daguerre at this moment on GOOGLE-PLUS or the GOOGLE-PLUS service is congested. Experts agree that the results are valid evaluations of students’ knowledge and ability to creatively solve novel problems. These jobs are going begging because even though almost 8 percent of the working population are jobless and many more have given up looking for jobs, so many cannot qualify.
They should have a rich instruction in the liberal arts with a major that is not in education.
I ran into some students on university campuses who were bright and attractive and likeable. This is especially true in minority neighborhoods, since racism is still alive and well in America.
Once a very large federal program with attendant bureaucracy and vested financial and political interests is established, it becomes almost impossible to get rid of it. They learn that a square block won’t fit a round hole, that sugar tastes sweet, and that an arm can be used for lifting things. Their basic premise is that children love to explore with real objects, be they butterflies, batteries and bulbs, weather or organisms. They were given shelter in some of the poorest inner city neighborhoods, and there they sent their children to school. A typical scenario was that after school at home, the family sat down at a round table for dinner. Truly professional teachers must receive remuneration that is competitive with that in other professions. Far too much energy and treasure is spent on inter-school contests that benefit so few students in any meaningful way. Many fear that the idealism of the revolutionary democrats will only pave the way for theological autocrats who preach an intolerant doctrine. Our respect and admiration for Newton are not diminished by the achievements of Albert Einstein. Today, as they lead the rebuilding of our societies, they must embrace the values of science. He retired as Senior Vice President for R & D and Chief Scientific Officer Worldwide for SC Johnson in Racine, Wisconsin in 1990. He was the founding chairman of the National Industry Council for Science Education which later became a part of the Corporate Council for Mathematics and Science Education of the National Academy of Sciences. Avocational interests include skiing, hiking, alpine wildflower photography, and the collection of antique scientific instruments. In addition, the death of at least one person from lung disease was ruled by a medical examiner to be a result of exposure to dust from the World Trade Center's collapse, as rescue and recovery workers were exposed to airborne contaminants following the World Trade Center's collapse.
Stock exchanges were closed for almost a week, and posted enormous losses immediately upon reopening, with airline and insurance industries suffering the greatest financial losses. The selection of the Freedom Tower for the site has drawn extensive criticism, forcing the abandonment of some parts of the project. 9-1-1 dispatchers also received information from callers that was not passed along.[60] Within hours of the attack, a massive search and rescue operation was launched.
In the tape, bin Laden admits foreknowledge of the attacks.[92] The tape was broadcast on various news networks from December 13, 2001. He said that the attacks were carried out because "we are freea€¦and want to regain freedom for our nation. In addition, the highly visible role played by New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani won him high praise nationally and in New York.[123] Many relief funds were immediately set up to assist victims of the attacks, with the task of providing financial assistance to the survivors of the attacks and to the families of victims. Congress also passed the USA PATRIOT Act, stating that it would help detect and prosecute terrorism and other crimes. The legitimacy of these detentions has been questioned by, among others, the European Parliament, the Organization of American States, and Amnesty International. In my opinion and conviction these hijackers were deceived and misled into the wrong faith. Pontius Pilate had no qualms with Jesus and hoped the severe beatings the Romans gave would satisfy the Priestcraft's hatred for the King. It makes no sense that the science teacher in my kids’ high school was the football coach who never had any science, even though he had earned certification as a teacher. The ‘hard’ sciences are perceived as hard because they have developed a methodology – ‘the Scientific Method’, a discipline that attempts to lead us to good answers and not to get fooled by inadequate data and thinking. So that a well-researched, developmental, inquiry-based, hands-on curriculum without textbooks will bring enthusiasm for learning, structured and disciplined learning, and creative problem solving. They gave up everything except their boat-home to preserve their family values that would otherwise have been destroyed by the communists. Most difficult by far, in my estimation, is the building of stronger families with the ideals as exemplified by the boat people. But fighting extremism is best done not by censorship or autocracy but by embracing pluralism and defeating ideas with ideas.
Any scientist who manufactures data risks being ostracized indefinitely from the scientific community, and he or she jeopardizes the credibility of science for the larger society.
Scientists are concerned with the content of the scientific work, not with the person who produced it.
Together, all armed with these values, we can think of the unborn, remember the forgotten, give hope to the forlorn, include the excluded, reach out to the unreached, and by our actions from this day onward lay the foundation for better tomorrows. Prior to that he was Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science for 15 years at the University of Connecticut in Storrs. This involved senior technology officers of major technology-based corporations in supporting best practice in science education. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville in rural Somerset County, Pennsylvania after passengers and members of the flight crew on the fourth aircraft attempted to retake control of their plane.
The economy of Lower Manhattan ground to a halt, as billions of dollars in office space was damaged or destroyed. Canada was one of the main recipients of diverted flights and launched Operation Yellow Ribbon to deal with the large numbers of grounded planes and stranded passengers. The sagging floors pulled on the exterior steel columns to the point where exterior columns bowed inward. The Freedom Tower is currently under construction at the site and at 1,776 ft (541 m) upon completion in 2011, will become the one of the tallest buildings in North America, behind the Chicago Spire and the CN Tower in Toronto.
They were following an illusion but today I bet if you asked them they'd go back and not do it if they could come back for one moment.
But these miscreants would not be content until they saw Christ's body bloodied and hanging from a cross.
One young woman at a university in the Midwest came up to me after one of my talks and said that until she heard me speak that morning she'd never understood that the original 13 colonies were all on the East Coast. There’s an important added benefit in that this leads to better academic performance in all other areas, e.g. In a matter of months the kids were not only learning English but they shot to the top of their classes in science and math, and achieved at least average grades in English! The oldest child helped the next younger, and so on down the line, with the parents circling behind to ensure wo?rk was getting done. The inquiry-based science curriculum of the Smithsonian Science Education Center of the Smithsonian Institution and the National Academy of Sciences is exemplary. No corporate manager would agree to a seniority system; nor would one agree to Last-in-first-out (LIFO) hiring practices.
And here, science has much to say, particularly about the values that are needed for societies to be truly open and democratic, because these are the values of science. In earlier years he held positions at North Dakota State University and at The Marshall Laboratories of DuPont in Philadelphia. He has served on the Management Team of the National Institute for Science Education, a research-oriented entity supported by a $10M grant from the National Science Foundation.
We have built this great edifice of an education system not on bedrock, but on an unstable foundation (the American Family), and it is crumbling.
The oldest child helped the next younger, and so on down the line, with the parents circling behind to ensure work was getting done. With the damage to the core columns, the buckling exterior columns could no longer support the buildings, causing them to collapse. Three more towers are expected to be built between 2007 and 2012 on the site, and will be located one block east of where the original towers stood. They demanded Jesus have nails driven into his wrists, as this was not normally undertaken, even for the most hardened criminals.
These were families greatly influenced by the precepts of Confucius, precepts that affected not just ‘Indo China’ but China, Korea and Japan as well. There is evidence that seniority rules are being eliminated under the current administration’s “Race to the Top” project.
There are many organizations, which, if they combined their energies and subscribed to this manifesto, could form a ‘critical mass’ to bring about the needed change.
These values of science are universal values worth defending, not just to promote the pursuit of science but to produce a better and more humane society. He was responsible for establishing the academic polymer science programs at both North Dakota State and at UConn. Fitch was Chairman of the Advisory Board of the National Science Resources Center -- now the Smithsonian Science Education Center --, a joint project of the Smithsonian Institution and the National Academy of Sciences.


This report, too, turned out to be in error; the plane was briefly thought to represent a hijack risk, but it responded to controllers and landed safely in Cleveland, Ohio. In addition, the report asserts that the towers' stairwells were not adequately reinforced to provide emergency escape for people above the impact zones.
It’s why we see so many Orientals at the tops of graduate schools, music organizations and scientific research institutes here in the United States. Teamwork has become essential in most fields of science, and it requires that all the members of the team receive the recognition they deserve. This last focusses on experiential learning in the early grades by means of the development and distribution of laboratory and instructional resources, leadership training at local school districts and regional centers, and the involvement of industry support. NIST stated that the final report on the collapse of 7 WTC will appear in a separate report.[156][157] This was confirmed by an independent study by Purdue University. Contributions are also cumulative, and each should be recognized for his or her contribution.
It is a sentiment well captured in Isaac Newton’s famous statement that “If I have seen farther than most, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants.” Science requires the freedom to enquire, to challenge, to think, to imagine the unimagined.
It cannot function within the arbitrary limits of convention, nor can it flourish if it is forced to shy away from challenging the accepted.
The best teachers are those who have a gift and the energy and enthusiasm to convey their love for science or history or Shakespeare or whatever it is. They can electrify the morning when you come into the classroom.”?Marc Tucker, of the National Center on Education and the Economy, has shown that today our schools of education fall far short of the standards in other countries such as in Finland, Japan, Shanghai and Ontario.
They can electrify the morning when you come into the classroom.”Marc Tucker, of the National Center on Education and the Economy, has shown that today our schools of education fall far short of the standards in other countries such as in Finland, Japan, Shanghai and Ontario. There is a much higher degree of professionalism, higher teacher salaries, and higher social respect for teachers in such places than in the US. Because of this there is a tendency to err in thinking all statements of science on any topic have greater weight than non-scientific statements. Ideas can initially appear in any stage, move between stages or skip stages in either direction. To be investigated in any particular stage, however, they must meet the minimal criteria for the stage. Questions may feedback, but hypotheses are attempts to progress to higher levels of confidence. Independent findings may strengthen confidence within a stage of examination but do not in themselves increase confidence beyond the stage of examination. The stage of examination does not necessarily reflect the level of scientific confidence that will ultimately be determined.
The confidence that can be attributed to any idea capable of being investigated by the scientific method varies from low to high. When theistic scientists develop simulations or models that meet the criteria of stage II, they too need to present independent methods of verification. For example when creationist Gerald Aardsma wished to verify his model for radiometric time dating based on a catastrophic flood model, he used the independent method of tree rings for correlation.
Since the result was highly correlated, he provided a model that was of greater scientific confidence than those based on stage I speculations.20 Although greater scientific confidence can be established at the analytical stage than the creativity one, the situation can arise where more than one model is offered to explain the same process. This is particularly troublesome, as in origins science, where the underlying assumptions differ considerably. The distinguishing feature in both categories is that the scientist actually sees (directly with the senses or with instruments) something that can be recorded for others to verify independently.
In the case of theories, confirmation depends primarily on controlled experiment and direct observation of predictions.
Evolution NA NA 2.
Creation NA NA 3. Theistic Evolution x x 5. Intelligent Design x x 6. Darwinism x x (or eliminated ?) 8. Lamarckism x x (or eliminated ?) 9. Abrupt Appearance Evolution x x (or eliminated ?) 10. Genetics x x 11. Thermodynamics x x 12. Gravity x x 13.
Big Bang x x? Flat Earth x (eliminated) 18. Sun revolves around Earth x (eliminated) Table 1 illustrates how the author would judge some grand ideas using the Scientific Confidence Model. This has been done with Intelligent Design for a scientific theory of origin of life.21 With the notable exception of Intelligent Design all of the grand ideas on origins that currently compete with Darwin or Lamarck are stuck in stage I. However tests at the highest confidence level have routinely shown neither idea to be true (at least for macro evolution; which is essential for a grand idea). In fact, one might consider these ideas to have been falsified by experiment; therefore should be eliminated.
They might have some value on a more limited scale, but not as grand theories that naturalistically explain origins.
Grand ideas like genetics, thermodynamics, gravity, and electromagnetics (10, 11, 12,13) that are neutral toward origins not only had the highest potential for confidence, but are now established at the highest scientific confidence level. They do however have the potential for model verification, and in the case of Big Bang and Age of the Earth have been independently corroborated with different models. When we look at theories that have been tested at the highest level, Darwinism actually ranks closer to Flat Earth. Intelligent design scientific researchers have successfully specified testable models and simulations clearly distinct from Darwinian models. The reader may find considerable disagreement with these classifications, but the primary purpose of both tables is to illustrate how the scientific confidence model may be exercised in developing one’s personal confidence in scientific statements.
It would appear that experts in the various fields could use the model to build greater consensus on origins issues and scientific relevance, with greater independence from philosophical or religious preferences.
Darwinian Models of Fossil Origins x x 9. Geological Stratification of Fossils x x 11.
Recent Universal Flood x x 17. Catastrophic Models of Geology xx 18. Uniformitarian Theory of Geology x x 19. Earth Age Dating Methods x x 20. DNA identification of individuals x x 21. This shows Intelligent Design is fully scientific since it is capable of generating unique scientific hypotheses and models capable of corroboration.
Even most analytical representation methods that could at least give moderate confidence of what happened in prehistory are poorly constructed, primarily ad hoc rather than predictive. Origins science can illustrate well how a scientific contribution can be independent of the scientist’s philosophical or religious interpretation. The model would support, however, those who resist attempts to constrain educators from teaching science to the best of their ability and understanding.
As we have seen, both Darwinism and Intelligent Design have some explanatory value for science. Non-Darwinian scientific models can, however, help teach the benefits of properly applying the scientific method to acquire a high level of scientific confidence in the findings of scientists. The actual status of discovered transitional fossils is so small that the inference of Darwinian gradualism is no longer held by paleontologists. See for example, typical comments of members of the American Scientific Affiliation in Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith. 150-162) while not opposed to theistic interpretations of the evidence for evolution is critical of Alvin Plantinga’s proposal for a theistic science, being dubious about the benefits to either Christianity or natural science.
No Darwinist has ever built a detailed model down to the biochemical level connecting a precursor system to a supposed evolved system. Within non-theist scientific forums, the strongest model presented for biological evolution is modern Darwinism (natural selection as modified with genetics) with no scientific role seen for intelligent design. For example, Darwinian gradualism says nothing scientific about the thermodynamic interface of precursors to the origins of life, species, and the human mind. In order to qualify as science, intelligent design must do more than find fault with Darwinism; it must suggest scientific research on questions that are distinct from those suggested by evolution. Although pure mathematics is a very exact discipline, it is still a tool, no better no worse at providing answers to philosophical questions than the mind that employs it. But until the mathematical nicety is verified by sky, field or laboratory observation, its underlying assumptions are still considered on weak foundation. The highest stage of confidence is established by reality testing. That is, there is no testable hypothesis that can be stated to test either Grand Idea when stated so broadly. They might have some value on a more limited scale, but not as grand theories that naturalistically explain origins. Grand ideas like genetics, thermodynamics, gravity, and electromagnetics (10, 11, 12,13) that are neutral toward origins not only had the highest potential for confidence, but are now established at the highest scientific confidence level.
It would appear that experts in the various fields could use the model to build greater consensus on origins issues and scientific relevance, with greater independence from philosophical or religious preferences. Implications for Research and Education Many of the limited scientific ideas regarding origins and biological change have suggested hypotheses that have either been verified or rejected in the reality verification activities.
From evolution the idea of natural selection for species variation has been demonstrated in micro and population biology.
It can however conduct experiments that give results that support intelligent design over Darwinism as best explanation of results.
Most importantly however, intelligent design has met the criteria for advancing in the confidence process. For a good presentation of the concerns that Intelligent Design is primarily religion see: Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Evolution requires intermediate forms between species and paleontology does not provide them.
Darwinism could be proven at the reality verification stage if three forms of evidence were produced.



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