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Author: admin | 29.08.2015 | Category: Homeopathic Treatment For Tinnitus

It is very rare that we need to remove tonsils as most cases respond to antibiotics and rest. One of our clients was driving by, and picked her up and brought her straight to the surgery. We packed the wound with a special cream for burn victims (Flamazine) and bandaged it for 3 days. We placed Bully on an IV drip and anesthetised him with IV Alfaxan, and then placed him on Isoflurane gas. The bandage was changed every 4-5 days, and it did not take long for some nice healthy granulation tissue to fill in the gaps to give us a smooth surface for the surrounding skin to run along and close the gap. Granulation tissue is the cherry ripe looking tissue in the middle of the wound that you can see in the post op photos. Once it is laid down, the skin edges naturally creep along the top of it and new skin is formed.
By 30 days, the wound had completely closed over with fresh skin and Bully was a much happier dog. On examination, her vitals were all normal- good gum colour, heart and lungs ok, temperature normal and she was reasonably bright and alert. We suspected a nasty tumour in the abdomen and offered exploratory surgery just in case it was benign. Some cephalexin antibiotic powder was placed in the abdomen and we closed the wound using normal sutures.
On cutting the mass in half, we found large chunks of food in the middle mixed with lots of inflammatory scar tissue. Over the weekend, she had to be force fed and given anti vomiting injections (Cerenia) and continued pain relief and antibiotic cover.
We thought she may have developed fatty liver necrosis (damage to the liver) as a result of the major surgery. On Sunday morning, she looked a bit stronger and she even ate a tiny amount of cooked chicken brought in by her Mum.
She was given a nice low voltage heat mat to sleep on and her Mum kept up the nutrition, antibiotics and pain relief.
This was one of our trickiest cases and just goes to show that even though I have been in practice since 1981, I still have not seen all the different possible medical and surgical cases that present themselves to vets. In early December, late in the afternoon, we were presented with a 6 year old female kelpie, Molly who was slightly off colour and had a mild left head tilt and a throaty gag. All the symptoms suggest an issue with the nerves that supplied the left head and neck area. Well, after several extensive tick searches and an after hours clip, we had not found a tick or crater. We immediately setup two IV drips with a bottle of snake anti-venom in one and fluids in the other. While the fluids and anti venom were running in, we drew up some bloods and ran them on our in-house laboratory. At 11.00pm, I came in to check on Molly, and lo and behold, she was sitting up and wagging her tail. On examination, his gums were nice and pink and filled up with blood quickly when pressed by a finger (capillary refill time). Mac was very uncomfortable when palpating his abdomen, even with a heavy pain killer sedation. X-rays showed a lot of gas building up in his intestines but no real evidence of a solid foreign body.
The fact that he had severe vomiting and marked pain in his abdomen and gas building up in his intestines was enough to warrant us having a look inside straight away. Mac was placed on an IV drip and anaesthetised with IV Alfaxan before being placed on Isoflurane gas. We removed the dead piece of small intestine and then joined (anastomosed) the 2 fresh edges together. The whole area was flushed several tines with saline and then Cephalexin antibiotic was sprayed over the operating site. Chloe was placed on an IV fluid drip and anaesthetised with IV Alfaxan followed by Isoflurane gas. The tumour was sent for pathology testing and came back as a soft tissue sarcoma which was more likely to regrow in the same area rather than spread to other parts of the body.
The plan is to monitor the area regularly and give Chloe regular health checks to pick up any signs of regrowth or spread of the tumour.
Victor, a 14 year old cat, was having a nice sleep on the front verandah when 2 stray dogs came along and tried to kill him. After 72 hours, we were not getting much fluid or air from the chest drain so it was removed. On palpating his middle abdomen, a thick firm irreglaur shaped swelling approx the size of a plum, could be felt.
Xrays showed a lot of gas building up in his small intestines and some faeces in his colon and an indistinct swelling in the mid-abdomen. The fact he was in sudden discomfort from being a healthy happy cat, it was suspected he may have an acute intestinal blockage, intestinal thrombus or a tumour causing an acute abdomen. Chester was placed on a IV drip and anaesthetised with IV Alfaxan followed by Isoflurane gas. Surgery was scheduled using a new technique to deepen the groove in which the patella slides up and down.
The patella is attached to the big group of muscles at the top front of the leg- the quadriceps. In Hazmat's case, he had been born with a tibial crest that was off centre and was positioned too far medial (inside) which gave an unnatural "pull" on the patella tendon attached to it above. Using a small bone saw, 2 parallel cuts were made in this groove running form top to bottom. The next part of the operation was to move the tibial crest to a more outward (lateral) position in order to straighten up the pull of the quadriceps muscles on the patella. The final part of the operation was to overlap the tissues (lateral fascia lata) on the outside of the stifle thereby pulling the patella laterally and away from its tendency to want to dislocate medially. The stifle was irrigated with sterile saline and a soluble antibiotic was placed in the joint. If your pet is unfortunate enough to have an encounter with a snake you can help by being aware of the signs and symptoms of snake bite, and getting the affected animal to the hospital as quickly as possible. The first clue that a pet has been bitten may just be a small amount of blood on the coat, face or limb with a some soft tissue swelling around a small puncture wound(s). Most snake bites in humans occur when people try to kill snakes, often after seeing them bite a pet.
Calling ahead gives us critical extra time to make necessary preparations to ensure prompt and effective treatment.
When you call, listen very carefully to the announcements, and then call the emergency mobile number on the message (Mark sometimes has a night off with the after hours phone going to another vet). If your pet has stopped breathing, attempt mouth to nose resuscitation and if possible continue this during transport of your pet to the hospital.
These days the treatment of snake bite has a good success rate, and with appropriate and timely medical therapy many patients recover completely. The unfortunate animal will require constant monitoring, day and night, every one or two hours for the first 24 hours then every three hours for the next two days, with high rate intravenous infusions, blood clotting products and regular blood tests.
If a snake needs removal from the property, contact WIRES to ask for theie recommended local snake handler.
Hyperthyroidism in Cats: Great News!This is a very interesting disease of cats which we see in nearly any age group. Hyper-active thyroids (hyperthyroidism) make cats act like a car all revved up- ravenous appetite, hyper-active (just like my kids), under weight, often difficult to handle (again like my kids!) and may suffer from heart failure- rapid heart rate, shortness of breath, panting.
By performing a simple blood test, we can diagnose affected cats and institute therapy to knock-out the thyroid hormones causing all the problems. Left un-treated, hyperthyroid cats run the major risk of high blood pressure and heart failure.
The ventricles become smaller and smaller and as a result, can’t fill up with the same volume of blood. Treated cases usually see an improvement in heart function and the removal of heart drugs from the treatment regime at this stage i.e. Blood test are performed before and 24-36 hours after starting therapy to ensure the kidneys can handle having the blood pressure dropped.
Kidney DiseaseDogs and cats can suffer from either acute or chronic renal failure caused by many different types of illnesses. Kidneys have powerful protective mechanisms in place which kick into action if problems arise.
Kidneys are also responsible for sending messages to the bone marrow telling it to make more red blood cells (RBC's) to replace the old ones which are "gobbled up" by the spleen and liver when they are worn out.
As with most diseases, early detection and treatment is much more preferable especially for a vitally important organ like the kidneys.
For all our renal failure cases, we use a Doppler machine to record elevations in blood pressure and measure response to blood pressure lowering medications. Force feeding using a stomach tube through which fluids and liquidised renal support diets can be administered. For cases with elevated Phosphorous in their body, we can use drugs called phosphate binders. For young cats in Australia with kidney failure, there is the possibility of kidney transplantation in Brisbane, but it is quite involved and the donor cat has to be taken on as a new family pet.
Parvovirus- the Ebola equivalentWe all know about Ebola- one of the nastiest and most contagious viral diseases for man. Parvovirus has to be one of the nastiest and most infectious diseases of dogs causing severe suffering with a very high fatality rate despite all the best intensive care. Surprisingly, because Parvovirus has been around for so long, some pet owners have either forgotten what it does to dogs, or they were not yet born when it first arrived on the scene in a world wide epidmiec in the 1980's. Parvovirus is a virus that attacks the lining of a dog’s stomach and intestines and literally strips it out.
If pet owners are struggling financially, vets often have to euthanise infected dogs before starting any therapy. Camden vets had 10 Parvovirus cases in just one day, not to mention how many cases they had for a whole year!
In a recent national study, there were 1,200 cases reported - and that was from only a small number of vet practices taking part in the survey. When Parvovirus first occurred in the 1980’s, people were not aware of just how tough and contagious it was. Well, the very fact that Parvovirus managed to spread across the world in just 2 years puts a few holes in this statement. A dog either brewing or in the recovery stage of a Parvovirus infection, sheds millions of the viruses into the environment.
It does not take long for an epidemic of Parvovirus to occur if the general dog population has a low vaccination percentage.
Parvovirus can affect dogs of all ages; however dogs less than one year of age are particularly susceptible. Treatment is difficult because there is no way to kill the virus once it has infected the dog.
Treatment is intensive and involves hospitalisation in an isolation ward (sometimes for many days), aggressive fluid therapy, antibiotics, pain relief and anti-vomiting drugs. Despite all of these treatments, a high percentage of dogs die a few days later leaving the owner with no dog and a very large vet bill.
Malignant tumour of the adrenal glands- tumours made up of the cortisone producing cells of the adrenal glands make excessive cortisone. Dogs with pituitary gland tumours can go on to live comfortably for some time until the tumour gets too big and starts to place pressure on adjacent parts of the brain.At this stage, we might see symptoms such as blindness and other hormone imbalances. Unfortunately, adrenal gland tumours are often malignant and can spread to other parts of the body. Suspected cases have blood tests done to try and find out where the excess cortisone is coming from.
Until recently, most cases were treated with a drug called Lysodren which destroys the parts of the adrenal glands that make cortisone.
Many cases on Trilostane can have the dose lowered after a few months, which helps with the budget. Diabetes is commonly seen in Cushing's cases, probably as a result of cortisone interfering with the action of insulin. Before embarking on treatment, owners need to be very aware of the expensive nature of treament. In human medicine, pituitary gland tumous can be removed by specialist surgeons operating through the nose or roof of the mouth.
Increased Thirst (Polydypsia)There are a large number of causes of increased thirst (polydypsia) in pets. Blood tests (biochemistry and full blood count) give an overall picture of a pet's health. Pets and humans can donate a kidney (and therefore be down to 50% total kidney function) and still lead a healthy life with no elevation of kidney blood tests or polydypsia. If their remaining kidney becomes diseased, and loses over half of its ability to function, kidney blood test start to rise i.e.
When there is 25-50% of healthy kidney function, kidney blood tests are often normal, but the urine may be dilute (low specific gravity). Between 50-100%, the urine will still be concentrated (high specific gravity), and bloods normal.
It is important to check a urine sample as it can detect kidney failure long before a blood test. These chemicals travel down a special tube from the pancreas into the first part of the small intestines (the Duodenum). Sometimes as pets get older and fatter, the pancreas gets inflamed or worn out from too much of a workload e.g. Traveling through the pancreas is the bile duct- a tube connecting the gall bladder in the liver to the duodenum.
We normally see pancreatitis in older overweight dogs or dogs being fed too many fatty meals e.g. From the history, breed, sex, age, symptoms and clinical examination, a vet usually has a pretty good idea the pet is suffering from pancreatitis. A special in-house blood test ( Idexx SNAP CPL) gives an accurate positive result in pancreatitis cases (blue dot on the right is the same or darker than the dot on the left- see picture).
Other blood tests may show elevated white blood cells combating inflammation and infection and elevated liver enzymes if the bile duct becomes blocked. As mentioned above, the inflamed pancreas can block the bile duct, so jaundice is a common symptom, sometimes seen 1-2 days after the start of the condition. Cases failing to respond to therapy may require surgery to rule out pancreatic cancer or to gently flush the affected area to try and settle the inflammation. Repeated episodes of pancreatitis can destroy the ability of the pancreas to produce food digesting acids and alkalis, resulting in chronic diarrhoea.
In humans, there is an overall 20% fatality rate, usually due to a secondary infection developing in the affected areas of the abdomen. Dogs with pancreatitis and diabetic keto-acidosis have a poor prognosis and despite the best of efforts, may die from complications. Treatment can be very costly due to the length of stay in hospital with intensive care, drugs, repeat blood tests and fluid therapy. Boxer CardiomyopathyThis condition is characterised by feinting (syncope) and sudden death in Boxer dogs. The problem is due to a run of extra heartbeats interrupting the normal flow of oxygen rich blood to the brain. These extra heartbeats originate in damaged heart muscle in the right ventricle (ventricular premature contractions -VPC's). A run of several or more VPC's can cause sudden death which is a common consequence of the condition.
By listening to the heart for several minutes with a stethoscope, a vet may detect a skip in the normal heart rhythm although this is not a sure fire way of detecting a problem as affected dogs can go for several hours without as much as one skipped VPC. Similarly, connecting a dog to an ECG machine to record the heartbeat for a few minutes may miss a run of VPC's. Listening to the heart or recording an ECG while the dog has a syncopal episode would be ideal way to diagnose the problem, but these events tend to happen away for vet surgeries and owners can be too stressed to  think about recording the heartbeat while their unconscious dog lies at their feet. Specialist cardiologists can loan out 24hr ECG recording machines (Halters) which attach to the trunk of the body in special leather harnesses. Quite often it is astounding to see how many runs of VPC's occur while the dog is asleep.


Atrial FibrillationSome dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy and left A-V valve disease get a life threatening arrhythmia called atrial fibrillation. Each time the damaged atrium contracts, it tries to sends an electrical signal to the ventricles below telling it to contract as "its their turn now". The refractory period may only be a split part of a second, and follows a normal ventricle contraction. In effect, the atria are doing their own rapid irregular heart beat and 8 times out of 10 their extra contractions cause the ventricles to contract. As a result, we see the ventricles pumping at a much faster and irregular rate than in a dog with no atrial fibrillation. If a dog has either A-V valve disease or dilated cardiomyopathy, the ventricles are already having a hard time. Cardiac output is reduced in A-V valve disease and dilated cardiomyopathy, so oxygen rich blood does not reach vital organs e.g. But don't forget the heart which is the most dynamic oxygen hungry organ (next to the brain). The last thing the diseased ventricles want is atrial fibrillation causing them to contract even faster.
Atrial fibrillation can very quickly cause the ventricles to fail and lead to sudden heart failure and death.
On exmination, the heart rate is very rapid and irregular- often over 200 beats a minute (nearly 3-4 beats a second). A normal ECG has one P wave (atrial contraction) followed by one QRS wave (ventricle contraction) and a normal heart rate of approx 100-140. Atrial fibrillation shows rapid irregular spaced ventricle heartbeats (QRS waves) and no regular P waves. It contains a tetracycline which is renowned for its effectiveness in respiratory tract infections.
X-rays showed she had fractured 5 ribs on the right side, and her right lungs had filled up with blood (pulmonary contusion).
A needle biopsy of the lump failed to show any malignant cells so we decided to have a go at removing the tumour from the toes.
At the first bandage change, the wound was a bit messy so we cleaned it up with sterile saline and repacked it with Flamazine. It been slowly growing for 2-3 years, but had reached the point where it was uncomfortable. We made a 1cm margin cut around the base of the tumour and, using blunt dissection, slowly peeled it away from the underlying tendons and bones. The wound was packed with Flamazine ointment (used for treating burn victims), covered with sterile gauze then bandaged.
It is unusual to need skin grafts in dogs and cats as they are pretty good at this type of healing. Priscilla had some bloods taken and all the biochemistry and haematology results came back normal. She is eating 7-8 times a day, running around following her Mum everywhere she goes and demanding to be allowed on her lap at every opportunity. It was a great result and one where we just had to go with the flow and get on with the surgery and intensive care. On my final tick search, I was running my fingers very tightly down the edges of Molly’s left ear flap and felt a tiny area of swelling and heat approx. We ran the anti-venom in over 60 minutes and had adrenaline drawn up and ready to inject IV in case of an anaphylactic allergic reaction to it.
The owners mentioned they had found some piles of vomit in the yard which I suspect was the dog’s initial response to the snake bite. We were concerned he may have a foreign body in his stomach or intestines or had some kind of blockage in his intestines.
Upon opening the abdomen, there was fresh blood lying around and a very nasty looking section of bleeding and dying small intestine. 50cm of his small intestine had slipped through a naturally occurring small hole in some tissue called the mesentery, and then twisted around and cut its own blood supply off. Luckily, there was 1.5cm of normal small intestine to work with before the junction of small and large intestines was involved (where the appendix is).
We then wrapped the anastomosis in some tissue called omentum which has great at healing powers and is good at sealing any small leaks.
Each breath he took would result in air from outside his chest being sucked in then pushed out as the lungs inside his chest collapsed and expanded. Other drains that had been placed under the skin where the torn muscles were were removed on day 4. On examining his intestines,  we found a 10cm section of small intestine which was very inflamed, thickened and swollen. On examination, he had a dislocating kneecap (patella) which continually locked itself in an abnormal position on the inside (medial aspect) of his knee (stifle).
In Hazmat's case, the inside (medial) ridge of this groove had flattened out due to the patella continually dislocating medially and wearing the ridge out. The patella is attached by a tendon on its lower edge to the tibial crest ( a ridge of bone on the top front of the tibia).This is the same tendon the doctors tap on to test your reflexes. The rectangular block was then replaced into the deepened groove giving a nice ridge to stop the patella from slipping out of the groove. Dogs, cats and horses are all at risk, although curious dogs are the most frequently affected. Tiger and Brown snakes are also prevalent, especially on Coolangatta Mountain and adjacent flat lands. But don't waste time trying to find it as we stock a multi-snake anti-venom that covers Black, Tiger and Brown snake bites. If we are at home, have the after hours going to another vet, or are out on a house call, you will be using up what might be precious time - always call first! But treating snake bite is always arduous for the affected pet, as well as for the vet and the nurses. Consequently, it can be expensive, although it may be covered by pet health insurance if you have it. With the rapid heart rate, the heart muscles get thicker and thicker- its a bit like a weight lifter doing extra work. Less blood in means less blood out of the heart, and reduced blood supply to the body and its vital organs eg kidneys, liver, heart.
In some cats, the high blood pressure from hyperthyroidism is keeping their poorly functioning kidneys going. Should your remaining kidney lose up to 50% of its ability to concentrate urine, you can still appear normal although you may be drinking a bit more and making dilute urine. A Senior Pet Health Check urine examination looks at the concentrating ability of the kidneys to detect early reduction in kidney function.
In other words, the pet makes more urine than normal because the kidneys can't re-absorb the water out of the urine like they did when healthy. We would rather diagnose renal failure before clinical signs or blood tests indicate its presence. It is very accurate at detecting early kidney problems long before blood tests start to indicate a problem.
It can survive up to 18 months in soil or concrete and needs strong disinfectants to kill it.
International travellers and infected or recovering dogs being flown to other countries would infect healthy dogs upon their arrival- either by direct contact with another dog or with their clothing, bedding and foot wear. It is vital all puppies and adult dogs are vaccinated against parvovirus and your vet will advise on the appropriate vaccination schedule. Referral to a specialist may be an option if the tumour is in just one adrenal galnd and not adhered to any vital structures e.g. They must be fully committed and prepared to put up with regular blood tests and expensive drug bills. Besides the expected increase in thirst with hot days, exercise or change to a drier food,  any pet showing polydypsia over 2-3 days should be examined by a vet.
The pancreas is a special organ that makes many different chemicals such as insulin, acids and alkalis which help digest and process foods. Repeating these tests during the dog's stay in hospital gives the vet an good idea on how the dog is going. Diabetes and all of its associated complications (keto-acidosis) can be a life threatening presenting sign. It is unlike the traditional form of cardiomyopathy we see in large dog breeds (most of the time). By the time they do have a feel of the heartbeat or pulse, the rhythm may be back to normal as it may have just been a run of several VPC's taking up less than 1-2 seconds of time. A computer runs through the 24hrs of recording in seconds and prints out a report highlighting all the abnormal heartbeats.
The damaged area fires off its own electrical current causing the atrium to contract very rapidly (sometimes as much as 200-300 times a minute). Not every electrical impulse gets through to the ventricle as a number of these extra charges arrive at the ventricle when it is in a "none-responsive" state (refractory period). Once it has passed, the extra electrical signals from the damaged atrium above can trigger off a ventricle contraction.
Any reduction in output means less oxygen for the heart muscles, so they can't pump as well as they would like.
There is often evidence of left sided heart failure - coughing, weakness, pale gums, weak thready rapid pulse. After countless hours of research on and about this breed, here is my version of how this wonderful breed came to be.In the early 1800a€™s Scotsman Bruce McKinsey moved his family moved from the cold damp climates of Northern Scotland to the Grampian Hills of Central Scotland. This had happened due to the whiplash effect of internal organs from direct blunt trauma to the body. The oxygen was continued, but the rate of IV fluids was lowered in case it had started to leak out of the damaged lungs. It looked pretty nasty and we were worried it was malignant and may have spread to other parts of her body. At the second bandage change, it looked a lot healthier and the skin defect had filled in with granulation tissue.
There were several tough adhesions that had to be cut, and numerous blood vessels had to be clamped and tied off to prevent bleeding. Being a Friday evening, we decided to open her up just to check there were no adhesions or leaking for the stomach wall surgery site.
However, when we spun the blood down in our centrifuge, the serum (the watery part of the blood) was tinged red rather than being clear. It looks like she got just a small amount of venom when bitten and it only affected the local nerves near the bite wound, but the discoloured serum was a warning to more serious things on the way. Using blunt dissection and tying off blood vessels attached to the tumour, it was eventually removed after approx. We placed some sterile saline over the closure to check for leaks which would show up as bubbles.
There was a lot of free clear watery fluid in the abdomen, possibly leaking from the swollen intestinal surface.
If you feel that tendon, you can see how it is attached to the ridge of bone below your knee- the tibial crest.
The constant "pulling" made the patella slide out of its groove and flatten the inside ridge. The chisel was then placed at the top and bottom of the block and the whole section was gently lifted ff the bone. It was moved approx 3-4mm laterally before it was pinned in its new position using 2 thin orthopaedic pins (K wires). But it’s always better to keep your pets out of likely snake habitat and avoid the risk.
This thickening happens at the expense of the chamber (ventricle) sizes, and is called Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM).
Dialysis is performed in people with renal failure to filter out the waste products that the kidney normally places in the urine. When we run blood tests on renal failure cases, we see elevated levels of urea (Blood Urea Nitrogen- BUN), Creatinine and Phosphate. More urine going out of the body automatically triggers a chemical release in the brain which makes the pet thirsty. If the kidneys are not working properly, chemicals are released which elevate the blood pressure in an attempt to improve the flow of blood through the kidney and remove waste products that are building up in the body. Because RBC's are responsible for carrying oxygen around the whole body, the pet is quite weak and easily fatigued. Treatment involves intensive care, fluid therapy, pain relief, blood transfusions and no guarantee of success.
In a very old patient, no treatment may be a more preferable propositon especially if the owners are on a budget. When making the appointment, try to bring along a fresh urine sample as a lot of information can be found by examining it. In other words, we don't normally see elevated kidney tests in chronic renal failure until there is only 25% of healthy tissue left.
The kidneys aren't doing their job of "recycling water" by sucking water out of the urine before it goes to the bladder to be voided.
This small amount of inflammation results in leakage of acids and alkalis both inside and adjacent to the pancreas.
Some older dogs can develop pancreatic cancer which looks just the same as normal pancreatitis. Dogs must go onto an IV drip to correct dehydration and reverse shock and damage to the kidneys. This is important to provide fluid and nutrition to the cells lining the stomach and intestines.
It is vital that repeat episodes are avoided as too much damage to the pancreas can result in lack of insulin (diabetes) or the inability to digest and absorb foods (pancreatic exocrine insufficiency).
Boxer cardiomyopathy is also known as "Boxer arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy".
As a precaution, we gave an IV injection of a diuretic to try and shift some of the bloody fluids inside her lungs. We flushed the abdomen with sterile saline several ties, and placed more antibiotics inside. On shaving the area very closely, we found 2 tiny snake bite marks surrounded by some bruising. This was due to the snake toxin damaging red blood cells and causing them to leak their contents into the blood stream. Once it slips through, the intestine twists around on itself and cuts its own blood supply off. At stitches out 10 days post-op, he was bouncing up our stairs eager to get his special treat before having his stitches removed. There was also a smaller soft mobile lump just in front of the bigger one, which on examination of a needle biopsy turned out to be fatty in content (lipoma).
We opened up the skin wound on his chest to find a large hole looking straight in at his lungs and beating heart. The incision was closed using a soluble suture in an inverting continuos pattern (Connell Cushing).
In other words, the whole patella apparatus was out of alignment with a natural tendency to pull the patella out of its groove in a medial direction.
If they are inactive (hypo-thyroidism), pets are lazy, over weight, have skin problems and greasy coats. In fact, many dogs only survive 2-3 days with this intensive care before dying, leaving pet owners with huge vet bills and no dog. It did not take long before surrounding parks and streets were covered in millions of viruses.
This means a dog may appear healthy, but can be excreting virus particles in its faeces and so become a source of infection to other dogs while the disease is brewing in its intestines.
As a result, bile "backs up" in the liver and can cause a yellow staining of the blood, skin and gums (jaundice). Dehydration and shock quickly follow, making the dog thirsty, however each time it drinks, more leakage of the acids and alkalis occurs. If they are very rapid, the ventricle does not have time to fill up to the top befoire it is "told" to contract.
After spending time together working the sheep in the fields and watching how McKinseya€™s dogs worked the livestock, Alexander eventually acquired a female Scottish Colley from Bruce and named her Flora.
An incision was made in the stomach wall around the attachment’s base and the hole that was left was closed using a double layer of inverting dissolving Monosyn 3-0 sutures.


This is very painful, and it is not long before the intestine dies and leaks all the food and bacteria it contains into the abdomen causing sudden death. One of the nurses did his breathing for him by filling and gently squeezing his breathing bag on the anesthetic machine in time with his own breathing. The area was washed in sterile saline several times then a soluble antibiotic (Cephalexin) was applied to the area. The brain realises it is losing more "water" than it should be from the body, so it activates the "thirst centre" in the brain which makes the pet look for water.
Acute secondary kidney failure can occur due to the large amount of fluid loss causing thickening of the blood and decreased blood flow to vital organs. The incision was covered by omentum (fatty tissue in the abdomen), which provided an extra seal to the wound. More damage to the pancreas means more leakage and it does not take long for massive inflammation and tissue destruction to occur. There isna€™t any information as to the demise of Alexander, but he was well into his 80's at this time. The creek was rising and the fish were a bit sluggish, but I was able to tempt a few wild browns to hit my Yozuri stick bait. This pup would come to be known as "Jet", a black pup with a faint line of white up his face, a white chest and socks.
Both theseA lines worked from the head and didn't have the a€?loose eyeda€? working style of the traditional Collies.If you look at the picture of the Basque Sheepherder, taken at the turn of the century, you can see the resemblance of our modern day McNab in the Black and white dog in the back on the right side. I don't question why, but I will say that the Berkley Trout Worm in a PINK or ORANGE color will usually get you a few bites. With that being said, I have created my own Pink Worm that has enabled me to land many trout, both wild and stocked. So, I am sorry for that.A Now, when the power is out for 7 days and the clean-up effort at your house is over, you need a few hours to unwind.
A few local streams were scheduled to be stocked with trout-- Manatawny Creek, Hay Creek and Tulpehocken Creek.
Among Scottish flocks he is the pride of Scottish owners, and is valued, both in the Old World and the New, as one of the best aids money can procure. Here even, in far California, there is one ranch, lying high on the breezy mountains and low in the grassy dells, that for years has relied upon the help given by imported collies and their offspring, and it is of the work these bright dogs do that this article is written.For the history of the collie one must look elsewhere than in a brief magazine sketch.
I should be in very good company this year with my best friend Mark and a college buddy named Mark joining in the fun. Many wise dogs have journeyed far by land and sea to race over the rugged hills after the nimble sheep, which in these mountain wilds give fleet defiance to the would-be-gatherer. No one but a real Scotch shepherd can train these dogs to the perfection they attain among Scottish flocks under constant supervision.
Descended from long generations of workers the puppies take actively to business, and practice amusing tactics of herding on the farm poultry while still too young to be initiated into the graver cares of life; and at first sight of a band of sheep will usually make some move that denotes the shepherd strain. Literally is it true of the collie, Ye cannot serve two masters ; his allegiance must be given to but one, or the valuable animal becomes worthless for the work that nature and training have given him to do. The breeze is sweet with bloom, and the sunlight falls, a flood of golden glory, over the lavish green of April meadow, as we take the upward trail, a woodland path that rises steeply under the shadow of the Peak, giving but glimpses of the valley home below, and winding through still shadows in the absolute silence of Natures own domains. Higher we go, and onward, past an old stone cabin, a picturesque bit of ruin in the lap of spring. As we come out from the woods with the Peak still above us, send a swift glance northward, where Sanhedrim and the northern mountains still are capped in glittering snow, rising sharply from green valleys to the sunny sky, their sparkling peaks the only hint of winter in all this summerland. Off he dashes up the hill, makes a wide circle past a dozen ewes, and as they bolt up hill heads them, turns, and deftly drives them down. Their lambs lie asleep in the warm sun or frolic together on the hillside, bright bits of movement white against the green.
A motion of the hand directs the alert dogs, and they join the two bands and send them steadily along the trail.
Two ewes and a lamb go running to the side.Here, Pete!The dog dashes quickly across a little hill, the bright drops sparkling on his black coat as he passes the sheep and turns them. Circling in front again, the dog overtakes, turns them, follows, and turns again, and patiently works them along till his troublesome charges are safely among their fellows. If sent to hurry the little flock, he dashes at the hindmost, barking his orders.Here the master whistles Fred to the right.
Nothing is visible to him, but off scurries the obedient dog, barking frantically, circles, and stops. I managed a few smallmouths and had a nice brown follow my 3-inch stickbait for about 15 yards. Off he dashes, perhaps fifty feet or so ahead, and dropping to the ground with nose between his paws, he waits till the flock is close upon him ; then he springs up and trots ahead again, and once more quietly waits their coming.Fred! It was pretty cool, the water was clear and you could see the fish slash and slash at the stickbait.
The master walks away, and Fred, understanding perfectly that he must keep the flock, swiftly circles round them and brings them to a halt.
Can't wait to fish all the local streams, as they all will have a new look and feel to them.
Here, alone, he holds them, keeping them closely together while Peter and the master gather the other side of the hill, and return two hours later to find the sheep quietly grazing and Fred lying as quietly watching them.Two ewes wander a little too far. Scarcely rising to his feet, the dog slips quietly through the grass beside them, and they turn and slowly rejoin the band, cropping as they go. Fred trots quietly around his charges, sees that all are safe, then drops down again, watching them ceaselessly with shining eyes, and not a ewe or lamb is missing when the returning master adds his flock.Steadily we climb, through the golden afternoon. Occasionally shy deer peer through the brush, the warm air is sweet with the breath of bloom, and a distant eagle screams as he sweeps in stately circles over the Peak.
The flocks number in the hundreds as we finally reach the summit, where we are met by the shepherd and Tweed, with another band. In go the dogs, and send the sheep briskly down the trail, while Peter, circling far behind of his own accord, often brings in a stray ewe that has slyly dropped out.Yonder is a place where the whole band broke away years ago, and never have forgotten it, but neither have the dogs. With a fierce challenge the collies vigorously meet the flying band, and force them back to the trail more roughly than we have seen them do yet, in punishment, perhaps, for their presumption and past sins.
She has bolted away several times, and given Peter much trouble to bring her in ; but his Scotch is up, as she dashes away again.
I have no idea what Erie will look come late October, early November, but I am hoping they get some serious rain up there. He springs in before her, and with a dexterous hoist of his body sends her tumbling end over end, which is his own cure for these troublesome bolters, and was never known to fail. As if shot from a cannon, the ewe bangs against him, and over goes Tweed, howling rolling over and over, down the steep hillside, all four feet kicking at once, in angry protest as they come uppermost ; and his chap-fallen expression, as he struggles to his feet and slinks away, shows that Tweed is both a sadder and a wiser dog. Though all are trained alike in a general way, two collies differ as widely in characteristic methods of work as two men,each possessing a distinct individuality of his own.Ah! After much hard running the flock is finally under control, but a bunch of lambs has become separated in the confusion, and after circling helplessly, stampedes in wild disorder. Peter tries his wise best to work the foolish little things back, vainly attempting to head them off.but they jump over him, halfa-dozen in succession, ears and tails flapping wildly as they clear his broad back.
While the master separates the sheep, let us sit on this sunny hillside and watch the collies as they circle round the running lambs. They never bark at them as they would at old sheep, but merely follow and slowly check them by degrees. All in all we landed 8 species of fish: Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Rock Bass, Redbreast Sunfish, Bluegill, Green Sunfish, Fallfish and a Crappie.
The little things are both obstinate and foolish, and at first pay no attention to the quiet collies that trot patiently round and round, quietly gather them together, and at last stop their wilr1 run. Slowly, and with marvelous patience they are turned, jumping over each other, then over the dogs, and it seems a hopeless task even to attempt to take them the half-mile to the corral, but in a couple of hours time Fred and Peter come slowly up to the gate with them, not a lamb hurt or missing, and their first acquaintance made with these gentle protectors and friends.
Peter is a favorite, bright even beyond the ordinary collie, his first appearance in the field showing a canine reason. Then he suddenly spied a huge rock; straight for it he went, and springing into sight upon its top, he stood a moment, one paw uplifted, ears up and nose a-quiver, a pretty picture, gave two quick glances, and was down and with the sheep again, and quietly drove them straight across the field to the hidden gate. Often, till he learned the hills, did he leave the sheep,, and on some high point literally take his bearings, to return to his charge and take them down the better way, justifying his masters assertion that surely the line between reason and instinct is closely drawn in the Scotch collie.
He was a ready match for a certain obstinate old ram, that always fought the dogs and delayed their work ; till at last when sent for the flock Peter went first for this old enemy, and there, nose to nose, both heads bobbing excitedly, he would angrily bark and growl, till the conquered ram at last would make a sudden bolt, and the victorious Peter calmly gather in the flock.
A most conscientious dog, his work was done faithfully and well till years disabled him; but Fred, more alert to praise, did best were strangers present, when he abounded in bright ways and brilliant work, done with a comically conscious air of superior excellence. The young man pondered a little, then to the country saddler he went and ordered made from his description little leather shoes.
He took to them kindly, like the wise dog he was, wore them gratefully, and after a long days run through flying seed, off would come the shoes, leaving his feet sound and well. She looks at me with a absolutely no freakn way look and goes, so daddy, How much money do I have to pay you. Meekly he would let his shoes be donned, regarding his master quizzically the while, and wear them complacently enough in view, but let him be sent for sheep a little out of sight, a little delay would be noticed, then out from behind some bushy clump or sheltering rock Fred would gayly emerge, with many gambols to divert the eye. Clyde closely resembles Fred, whose days are past; and till the present puppy, tiny Tweed, grows to working age, Clyde is the mainstay of the gathering.
There is no better way to cool down in the summer heat than wet wading and catching some fish. Help fulfills his name on other portions of the large range ; but either are true types of the working collie, willing and faithful helpers till years disable them.
Either one is sent for sheep entirely out of sight in a large field, and patiently hunts till he finds them, then brings them in alone ; and Gyps mother, Bessie, brings in the entire flock from her owners small range just as readily as from the field. They brought with them their stock dogs, the Fox Shepard, the origin not known, but have survived in Scotland for centuries. Smallies, Largemouth Bass, Redbreast Sunfish, Bluegill and a White Perch were the fish I brought to hand.
McNab returned to the Grampian Hills in Scotland for the sole purpose of getting some of the dogs he was used to working.
He brought Peter back with him, leaving Fred to have his training completed, and he was later sent to America. These two dogs were bred to select Shepard females of the Spanish origin, which were brought to this country by the Basque sheepherders, and that cross was called the McNab Shepherds because Mr. The temps during the day were brutal and the skeeters made me pay for attempting to fish Cherry Run. I only fished where some cool tributary water emptied into Penns.Saturday was tricky with a few bugs in the air.
Sunday evening was reverse fashion -- Isos then BWOs.I got a half-decent picture of a Iso stuck in the shuck.
He named this pup Jet he was black with a faint white line up his face, a white chest and a small amount of white on his feet.
Some of these dogs will have a wider strip up the face (Bentley Stripe) and a ring around the neck, there are also instances of pups with brown on their face and legs but will still be mostly black. The fish took a CDC Sulphur pattern -- it was DARK, no light at all when the fish took the fly. I stayed off Penns during the heat of the day-- it was 90 degrees in the afternoon on both days.
Alexander McNab and his family raised sheep in Scotland, but longed for a warmer climate and enticed by the news of the West, set out across the Atlantic to America. I made an attempt to fish Cherry Run and landed 2 brookies in short order on my Moth pattern. McNab was not satisfied with the type of working dogs he found locally, and in 1885 he returned to Scotland for the sole purpose of importing the type of dog(s) he had been accustomed to working with. It was said that these two male dogs were bred to female dogs of Spanish origin, which were brought to this country by the Basque sheep herders. I have searched (and continue to search) to find out the type of dog the Basque may have brought with them to California, and my findings were contradicting. The sportsman then proceeds to tell me that he is going to cross the creek and kick my BLEEPITY BLEEP. Spoke to the gentleman again, with Ronnie explaining that the area is posted and the signs are on the road.
They are easy to see too, especially when the wings are made of CDC.A I won't be out fishing again any time soon.
If you want to wet a line--give me a shout and I'll do my best to put you on some fish.A Trout fishing locally will cease with water temps hovering around 70 degrees. Big Spring Creek, Letort, Yellow Breeches, Big Fishing Creek or Spring Creek are some of the streams that are fishable in the summer.
We can also hike along some cool mountain creeks in search of native brook trout or wild brown trout. Vinny caught a Smallmouth Bass on a worm and Zoe landed a nice-sized Brown Trout on a crayfish lure.
I'll probably be fishing with a friend on Sunday evening or taking the rugrats to drown some worms!!! A Sunday, I was able to fish a local Class A water and noticed many Blue-Winged Olive spinners. I managed one fish landed, one fish missed and one fish lost before I had to run to the truck. Best trick tonight was to cast down and across and inch an emerger back to the shore, pausing it at spots were a fish just rose. I made my cast---the fish slid out from under the brush---he sat in a lane with his mouth open waiting for my fly---with ease, he swallowed the fly. No wild trout today, but the Rainbows were very colored up with beautiful pink fins and the Browns looked like they have been living in the stream for years. Thursday was brutal where I saw creeks that were in perfect shape one minute, turn into Willy Wonka within' two hours. I volunteered a few hours Sunday morning with the A Great Day Outdoors fellas, Roger and Bob who help put together the Bob and Jeff Miller Trout Fishing Clinic, which is a mentoring program for the Big Brothers and Big Sisters.The fish were provided by Mike's Tattoo and Body Piercing that is located in Reading, PA. I helped a few kids land some trout and was able to see many folks that I have not seen in a few years. We had a great time and found some really neat critters and managed to catch a fish or two. We caught a good number of wild brown trout and missed many more.The slower pools had fish sipping in Little Yellow Stoneflies. Plenty of yardwork to make the little woman happy, drive happy little woman to her mother's house and call your best friend to go fish a stream you have not fished in about 15 years. Saw a huge Barred Owl fly up the stream and hang out in a tree for a little bit before he flew elsewhere.
He launched them up out of the water and onto the dirt bank like the bass fisherman do on tv. After I saw him boot his 4th fish in about 20 minutes, he goes: That's what I came here for. Two-- a stickbait--a Yozuri Pin's Minnow is my favorite-- is also tough to beat during cold, high and dirty water conditions. Three -- My favoritefor fly fishing is a 2 fly rig that consists of a bigger and brighter glowbug with a Green Weenie dropped off of it. If there are rainbows around, they will hammer a nicely presented egg pattern pretty much any time of the year. Local Class A waters are running at agood rate and are still on the cold side.Trout season opens next weekend for SE PA waters. Headed to the Little Lehigh and when I got there the lot was full and anglers were top to bottom. Fished the quarry hole and managed toland a few bluegill and a good number of smaller Largemouth Bass. Most ofthe bass were taken on smaller ice spoons tipped with waxies.With the heatwave we are in, not sure how much longer the ice will be around. Drilling through the ice with my Nils 8 inch ice auger was too much for my shoulders.Hey, I have an 8 inch Nils Ice Auger for sale !!!
The PFBC was on the ice and it was the first time in over 10 years that I had my license checked. We started the day using tungsten jigs, then switched to shrimpos and did some sight fishing. I don't question why, but I will say that the Berkley Trout Worm in a PINK or ORANGE color will usually get you a few bites. Can't wait to fish all the local streams, as they all will have a new look and feel to them.



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