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Author: admin | 06.10.2015 | Category: Homeopathic Treatment For Tinnitus

Sweden adopted early a unique marking system enabling identification of the maker if a piece, the city and the year of production.
Silversmiths appear to have used a sort of trademark during the 16th century, but from about 1600, two or more initials were included in the mark, often in a monogram.
During the 18th century it was common for silversmiths to use a larger mark on which the entire surname appeared. Later, year marks were introduced in many cities, but since all began with A, there were several different systems. A fourth control of the fineness of the silver was the so-called alderman's mark, a zigzag line left by him when he scraped away a small quantity of metal to test for purity. In 1754 the state took over, and the old mark was replaced with a new National control mark: the Swedish coat of arms with the three crowns.
Since the middle of the 18th century, control marks have appeared on gold, by carat or 24-parts, and occasionally on silver, by the half-ounce or 16-parts. Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, finenes marks.
40+ Digitized out of print antique books about precious metals - silver, gold, platinum from the 19th and early 20th century. This collection of antique books about precious metals contains of rare, sometimes privately published and out-of-print reference books, research manuals and museum works.
This collection of antique books about precious metals can be easily downloaded via a download link.
All books on this data DVD are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format and zoomable. The "Precious metals" book collection gives you answers on almost everything you would like to know about the precious metals silver and gold.
The "Pottery and Porcelain" book collection gives you answers on almost everything you would like to know about porcelain and pottery arts. This DVD also contains thousands of pottery and porcelain marks, makers' marks, factory marks. Attention: You need a DVD player on your computer and the program Adobe Acrobat reader to read the PDF files. 40+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about  precious metals, silver, gold and platinum. 25+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about jewellery and precious stones.
30+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about porcelain and pottery. The "Pottery and Porcelain" antique book collection gives you answers on almost everything that was known about porcelain and pottery arts in the 19th and early 20th century. A Treatise on Diamonds and Pearls in which their importance is considered and plain rules are exhibited for ascertaining the value of both; and the true method of manufacturing diamonds.


Treatise on gems in reference to their practical and scientific value - A useful guide for the jeweller, lapidary, artist, amateur, mineralogist, and chemist, accomanied by a description of the most interesting American gems, and ornamental and architectural materials.
Catalogue of the valuable collection of Old English and Foreign Silver and Silver-gilt plate, Jewels, Bijouterie and Object of Vertu, Old Italian and French Bronzes, Majoliea, Limoges, Enamels,C collection of Venetian and German Glass Old Swiss Stained Glass, ox-Wood Carvings, and a variety of other objects of Art chiefly of the 16th and 17th Centuries. The Jeweler's handbook containing practical methodes for galvanizing, electro plating and coloring with gold, silver and copper on all kinds of metals. Jewellers' silversmiths' and kindred traders' accounts for manufacturing jewellers, wholesale jewellers, retail jewellers, diamond merchants, silversmiths, electro platers, gilders, watch manufacturers. Gold hallmarks or the hallmarking of precious metals, was one of the first measures taken to protect the consumer against fraud. ValuationsOur team of expert valuers have an in depth knowledge of the secondhand jewellery market. Hi,Here are some Birmingham trade cards that appeared in 'Wrightson's New Triennial Directory of Birmingham' By Robert Wrightson. Hello All,For those of us interested in makers' marks these extracts of trade advertisements are very useful in showing the period over which silversmiths worked.
Advertisment for Thomas Prime from 1849.Thomas Prime registered two marks with the Birmingham Assay Office, the first 'TP' within an oblong on the 19th October 1846, address entered as 18, Northwood Street, Birmingham, the second 'TP' within an oval with a point from the underside, was entered on the 29th November 1849 with the same address used. Hello Trev,A candidate for the other topic in Contributor’s Notes identifying registered makers with unusual trade association is Edward Adams born c1811 who, prior to his registering in 1846 as a jeweller, is on the 1841 Census as a butcher in Sand Pitts. JOHN READING6, Spencer Street, BirminghamJohn Reading - Birmingham - 1870John Reading entered his first mark (J.R) at the Birmingham Assay Office on the 26th June 1856 from 83, Spencer Street.
HUBERT HALL6, Augusta Street, BirminghamHubert Hall - Birmingham - 1861Hubert(sometimes Herbert) Hall, entered his first mark at the Birmingham Assay Office on the 21st June 1855 from 2, St George's Place, Great Hampton Row, Birmingham. It was decreed that gold- and silversmiths should "put their makers' mark on whatsoever they made. When the entire alphabet A-Z had been exhausted after twenty-four years, it was decided to begin again with A, either in a different letter or in the same type.
Since pieces which did not come up to standard were scrapped, the alderman's mark became a guaranty of quality.
The decree is dated December 7, 1752, but did not go into effect until the beginning of 1754.
Different cities with the same initial letter are distinguished by the formation of the letter and the contour of the mark. The "ZOOM feature" in Adobe Acrobat reader, allows you to increase or decrease the size of the text. Many of the antiques books were printed in the late 1800's and 1900's in limited quantities for museums and private collectors, making them almost impossible to purchase by the average person. It was introduced back in 1300 by Edward 1 and is still as necessary today as it was back then.
He said he was in the jewellery business in each Census from 1851-1891 apart from 1871 when, for some reason, he is recorded as a retired goldsmith.


In 1689 the Stockholm masters began to mark their works with an A, 1690 was indicated with B, and so on. Thus a common A (Roman capital) together with a Gothenburg city mark can mean 1693, 1717, or 1741. The three-crowns mark can therefore appear only on pieces manufactured in 1754 or thereafter, or on articles made shortly before this date but not sold when the decree went into effect, whereupon they were recontrolled. Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconces, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc. And was normally changed annually until a complete alphabet had been used, which was in 1890. Adams of 34, St Paul's Square, Birmingham that appeared in 'The Australian Handbook' of 1888.Edward J. On the other hand, the Stockholm trade used the alphabet A-Z (Roman capitals) from 1689 to 1712, cursive letters A-Z from 1713 to 1736, and a-z (small Gothic letters) from 1737 to 1758. The system then started again using the letter A in a different style and with a different surrounding shield. It is now seen that the firm was still trading and presumably using the registered mark for a further 18 years.
Henry senior entered his first mark at the Birmingham Assay Office on the 14th March 1832 and was a partner in the firm of Manton & Mole. Adams - Birmingham - 1888He is perhaps to be identified with Edward Adams who registered an 'EA' mark at the Birmingham Assay Office on the 25th February 1846 from an address in Sand Pitts, Birmingham and entering his trade as a Jeweller.Trev. He died in 1890.He had a son Edward J Adams born c1837 who is recorded in the 1851 Census as a jewellery boy and between 1861 and 1901, the last Census available to me, to be in the jewellery business. This of course means that in practical terms, had another maker registered a similar mark in the extended period now known, attribution of a piece of silver in the period would become more problematical. Happily this wasn't the case here but does serve to highlight a situation which can cause debate as to whom, in fact, put an item to assay. SnowhillWilliam Ryland & Sons, manufacturers of plated and brass coach harness and saddlery furniture, and other fancy articles, plated on steel. The manufacturers mark was originally pictorial, but was later replaced with the makers initials. Coffin Furniture and Britannia Metal Manufacturers, Great Brooke Street Waterhouse and Ryland. Gold and Silversmiths, jewellers, tortoiseshell and ivory box makers, and cut glass manufacturers, Newhall Street .Taylors and Perry.



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