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EuroTrak I, which looks at consumers’ self-reported hearing loss and hearing aid use, reveals many correlates with the US MarkeTrak VIII data.
The findings in the following article show many correlations between EuroTrak and MarkeTrak data. Importantly, the study shows that hearing aid owners are highly satisfied with their hearing care professionals, and that those who own a newer hearing aid (<4 years of age) are significantly more satisfied with their devices. Nevertheless, the results also show challenges and opportunities for improvement in hearing aid design and delivery, particularly for improving performance in difficult listening situations. It is EHIMA’s intention to repeat the surveys in the three countries on a regular basis. A questionnaire was developed with the goal of compiling important data in the European countries, with maximum correlation to the North American MarkeTrak surveys. During June and July 2009 (Germany) and December 2009 (France and UK), a short survey was mailed to online panel members in the three countries. The reader should keep in mind that the data presented in this article are based on stated (self-reported) hearing loss, and thus will most likely differ from studies using objective measures of hearing loss.
Figure 2 shows hearing aid adoption rates of the entire population, as well as based on people who say they have a hearing loss in one or both ears. EuroTrak indicates that one-half (47%) of hearing aid owners in the UK have binaural fittings, while 58% and 60% in France and Germany have binaural fittings, respectively (Figure 3). Figure 4 illustrates hearing aid adoption rates by age and country based on those who state they have a hearing loss. A comparison of the European countries shows that adoption rates are highest in the UK for nearly all age groups.
Table 2 presents hearing aid adoption rates in the first column (percentage hearing aid owners of all people with stated hearing loss) by different demographics. Table 2 also shows demography expressed as percentages for both the hearing aid owner and non-owner populations. Table 3 shows the key reasons influencing the purchase of hearing aids, measured using a multi-response question (ie, the hearing aid owners were allowed to choose all options that applied to them). In the German and French surveys, hearing aid owners were asked whether their hearing aids were paid (fully or partly) by a third party (in Germany, by Krankenkasse, Invalidenversicherung oder Unfallversicherung; in France, assurance gouvernement, etc). Figure 5 shows that 52% in France and 79% in Germany of the respective hearing aid owners were aware that they received some third-party payment, while 74% in the UK received free-of-charge NHS instruments.
There is strong evidence for an information deficit relative to third-party payment for hearing aids: only 30% and 31% of non-owners with hearing impairment in Germany and the UK (respectively) were aware of possible third-party payment for hearing aids. Table 4 shows the overall satisfaction with hearing aids for the entire hearing aid population, as well as for hearing aids that were purchased within the last 4 years.
It is also noteworthy that there are some differences across countries with regard to the level of overall satisfaction. Figure 6 shows detailed customer satisfaction ratings (percent satisfied) for different criteria by country. The differences across the countries correlate with the differences in overall satisfaction shown in Table 4.
Non-adopters with an admitted hearing loss were presented with possible reasons for their decision not to use hearing aids. When not using a hearing aid, how difficult is it for you to follow conversations in the presence of noise?
The data show that people tend to believe that their hearing loss is too mild or that they would not benefit from hearing aids.
It is difficult to determine the origins of their belief that hearing aids won’t help them, but there is evidence that their beliefs about their hearing are influenced by medical advice. Inversely, it is worth noting that, when people with self-reported hearing loss in Germany, France, and the UK seek professional advice from ENTs and GPs, they are advised to see a hearing care professional in 58% to 71% of the cases (depending on country and profession). In the United States, MarkeTrak reports that only 14% of those who visited their family doctor for a health check were offered a hearing screening test. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first time that consumer survey data about hearing, hearing loss, and hearing aids from the major European markets were reported and compared with US market data.
Binaural hearing aid use in Germany (60%), France (58%), and the UK (47%) is significantly lower than in the United States (74%). In all countries analyzed, the adoption rate (people with hearing aid divided by the people with stated hearing loss) is highest for people over age 74 and declines with younger age, but increases again for the youngest segments. The top reason for non-adoption in Germany and the UK is that people believe they can hear well enough, while in France the top reason relates to affordability. About half (52%) of French hearing aid owners and four-fifths (79%) of German owners received some form of third-party payment assistance, compared to 39.7% of people in the US (2008 data, includes VA dispensing).
Satisfaction is generally high with dispensing professionals, as well as with hearing aid use in easy listening situations. Hearing aid owners are more likely to have a bilateral loss than non-owners and are more likely to have a perceived severe-to-profound hearing loss.
Non-adopters are significantly younger and more often employed compared to hearing aid owners who are more often retired.
The authors thank Sergei Kochkin, PhD, executive director of the Better Hearing Institute, Washington, DC, for reviewing this article and consulting on the EuroTrak survey design and methodology. Introduction: In the Textile industry the work of the machines produce noise that can cause irreversible damage to workers hearing. INTRODUCTIONIn industries in general and especially in textile one, machinery produces such noise that when intensified can cause damages to worker?s hearing. Introducao: Na industria textil, o trabalho das maquinas produz ruido que pode causar danos irreversiveis na audicao nos trabalhadores. INTRODUCAONas fabricas em geral e em especial na industria textil, o trabalho das maquinas, no setor de producao, produz ruidos indesejaveis, que quando muito intensos podem causar danos na audicao dos trabalhadores. In this article, the term hearing loss, used by itself, denotes any or all levels of severity of hearing difficulty. Most congenital and childhood onset hearing loss is included as sequel to various disease and injury causes already included in the Global Burden of Disease Study. Those 192 million people with adult-onset loss (age 20 years and above) and 63 million people with childhood-onset loss make up almost 4.1 percent of the world's population and just over 40 percent of all people globally with hearing loss of any severity. Hearing loss is grouped according to International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision, version for 2003 (ICD-10) into conductive and Sensorineural loss and other hearing loss, ICD-10 codes 90-91(WHO 2003). Chronic otitis media (COM) includes chronic suppurative otitis media and otitis media with effusion.
Conductive hearing loss is caused by anything that interferes with the transmission of sound from the outer to the inner ear. Sensorineural hearing loss is due to damage to the pathway that sound impulses take from the hair cells of the inner ear to the auditory nerve and the brain. If a pregnant woman gets rubella, the baby is at risk of being born with profound deafness (among other possible birth abnormalities). Of the estimated 500 million deaf and hard-of-hearing people, 23.4% report that their loss is due to some sort of noise.
Another 28% report that their loss is due to age, while 12.2% report that it is due to infection or injury.
Hearing loss and deafness are serious disabilities that can impose a heavy social and economic burden on individuals, families, communities and countries. Chapter 50, Loss of vision and hearing, Nature, Causes, and Epidemiology of Hearing Loss, Disease control priority project.
Colin Mathers, Andrew Smith, Marisol Concha, Global burden of Hearing loss in the year 2002, World Health Organization, Geneva.
Bridget Shield, Evaluation of the social and economic costs of hearing impairment, a report for hear-it, October 2006.
Los factores hereditarios, medicamentos perjudiciales e infecciones son las causas de la perdida de audicion entre los ninos de Sudan, segun un estudio. Dos investigadores sudaneses examinaron a 264 ninos, de entre 14 meses y 14 anos de edad, todos ellos sufrian perdida de audicion severa.
Por el contrario, las imagenes que aparecen en hear-it no pueden utilizarse, ya que no tenemos el copyright de las misma, solo hear-it tiene el derecho de editarlas en su web. To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. In Belgium the product is sold under the name "Rilatine" and in Brazil and Portugal as "Ritalina". Nevertheless, demographic differences and divergent health care systems appear to impact hearing loss awareness, ownership of hearing aids (adoption), and other factors related to hearing aid use—including customer satisfaction. These improvements are evident for sound quality and signal processing criteria, and indicate that users benefit from new-generation hearing aid technology.
This will deliver longitudinal data and the opportunity to study trends in the European markets—trends that can be compared with related US trends.
This correlation allows us not only to study similarities and differences between the markets, but also to draw conclusions for European markets based on the more extensive survey material in MarkeTrak. The samples were balanced based on census information with respect to age and gender, as well as region. Notably, MarkeTrak relies on a mailed questionnaire, while EuroTrak relies on an online questionnaire. Hearing loss prevalence in percentage of the entire population and of the population 18 years or older.
Hearing loss prevalence and hearing aid adoption rates, based on stated hearing loss on the screening survey.
While there are many potential reasons why stated hearing loss prevalence differs from one country to another (eg, different health care systems, cultural differences, etc), the structure of the aging population pyramid may best explain the higher figure for Germany. As perhaps expected, the UK has the highest percentage of hearing aid owners relative to those who report having a hearing loss (38.6%) due to the free provision of hearing aids by the National Health Service (NHS). These rates are comparable to US MarkeTrak figures from the 1990s (51% in 1991, 52% in 1994, and 60% in 1997),1 but are significantly lower than the 74% binaural fittings measured in MarkeTrak VIII (2008).
Binaural hearing aid use, as found in EuroTrak 2009 (all owned hearing aids) and the US MarkeTrak VIII for 2008 (current year only).
Hearing aid adoption rates by age and country, based on stated hearing loss on screening surveys.
Thus, in this case, one goal for US dispensers and related organizations might be a concerted push for parity with their European counterparts in this regard.
While aggregate adoption rate in France is similar to that in Germany, there is a tendency of higher adoption rates within the older age groups in Germany relative to France, and vice versa for the younger segments. Hearing loss population by ears impaired and perceived loss: hearing aid owners versus non-owners. In all countries analyzed, hearing aid owners are more likely to have a bilateral loss than non-owners (eg, 75% versus 57% in Germany) and are more likely to have a perceived severe-to-profound hearing loss (eg, 64% versus 19% in Germany). In the United States, there are relatively more male hearing aid owners compared to the three European countries. Hearing aid adoption rates and populations by selected demography and countries, based on screening surveys. Key reasons for purchasing a hearing aid, in descending order for the three European countries.
One should be aware that the US MarkeTrak data isolate first-time purchasers only, while the EuroTrak data show the answers of all hearing aid owners. The role of the ENT or ear doctor seems to be less dominant in the UK and the US compared to Germany and France.
In the UK study, they were asked if they bought their hearing aids in the private sector or they received free-of-charge NHS hearing aids.
From MarkeTrak VIII, we know that third-party payment in the United States for 2008 (current year only) was 39.7%, including aids provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Compared to the entire hearing aid owner population, the overall satisfaction for those who purchased their hearing aids within the last 4 years is higher (by 5 percentage points).
The data demonstrate that there are more hearing aids in the drawer in the United States compared to Europe—an extremely interesting fact that warrants further investigation.
Note that, while the European data refer to all hearing aid users, the US data (dotted line) refer to owners with hearing aids purchased within the last 4 years, and may therefore be biased toward better values (they are presented here only for interest, and cannot be assumed to be on par with the overall user populations in the European countries). The data show similar results on a lower level from the perspective of close relatives or housemates of these hearing aid owners. Reasons why people with hearing loss do not use hearing aids; top 50% of hearing loss sorted by overall average rank across the European countries. For the following analysis of the reasons for non-adoption, only the second group of non-owners (top 50% of people with hearing loss) were included, as their perceived degree of hearing impairment was similar to that of hearing aid owners. This means that people with self-reported hearing loss will not be recommended to seek further assistance 42% to 29% of the time. This percentage has been relatively static, despite a law passed in 2003 that encouraged doctors to include hearing screening in their health checks. In light of the proven benefits of binaural amplification, this appears to be an issue that should be addressed by European dispensers and third-party payors. Of every 100 people with stated hearing loss in these countries, 39 to 45 do not get positive medical advice relative to hearing aids. Another generally important reason for non-adoption is that people believe hearing aids are uncomfortable. In all countries, hearing aid owners who own a new-generation hearing aid are significantly more satisfied compared to the overall hearing aid population. Objective: The purpose of this research is to determine the prevalence of NIHL in workers of a textile industry in Brusque - SC, to verify its intensity, characterize the main hearing symptoms, observe the age groups most affected, indentify the riskiest sector and correlate with the time of exposure to the noise. Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo e determinar a prevalencia de PAIR em trabalhadores de uma industria textil na cidade de Brusque (SC), verificar sua intensidade, caracterizar os principais sintomas auditivos, observar a faixa etaria mais acometida, identificar o setor de maior risco e relacionar com o tempo de exposicao ao ruido. A exposicao ao ruido por tempo prolongado, pode levar a disacusia.As lesoes auditivas consequentes a perda auditiva induzida pelo ruido (PAIR) decorrem de alteracoes na estrutura interna da coclea que acarreta lesoes irreversiveis e sintomas como hipoacusia, zumbidos, plenitude auricular e otalgia. Examples include otitis media, meningitis, rubella, congenital anomalies and non-syndromal inherited hearing loss2.
Numbers with childhood-onset hearing loss by cause have so far not been estimated separately but are included among sequel of other diseases (for example, infectious diseases such as meningitis, otitis media, congenital conditions). These forms of otitis media, together with some other middle ear diseases, such as perforation of the tympanic membrane, cholesteatoma, and otosclerosis, are the major causes of conductive hearing loss1.
This is one reason why vaccination against rubella, available in the UK as the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine, is so important.
Children with hearing impairment often experience delayed development of speech, language and cognitive skills, which may result in slow learning and difficulty progressing in school. The following information has been compiled to help spread the good news with the hope of placing more people onA the path to greater health, relaxation and happiness.
Los resultados fueron sobrecogedores ya que la mayoria de los casos de perdida auditiva podian haberse evitado mediante sencillas medidas preventivas. El unico requisito es que proporcione el enlace directo del articulo especifico que desee utilizar en su web e indique a hear-it como fuente. Europeans’ overall satisfaction with hearing aids is relatively high (72% to 86%, depending on country) and comparable to figures in North America (74%). It is the ambition to develop EuroTrak to become a point of reference for different stakeholders.
In Europe, the relative proportion of elderly people is highest in Germany, and much has been made of that country’s zero or even negative population growth. The benefits of binaural amplification have been proven in myriad studies, and EuroTrak data demonstrate that one goal for European dispensers might be a concerted push for parity in this regard.
It declines with decreasing age, but increases again for the younger segments, especially in Europe. Hearing-impaired non-owners were asked related questions to get an indication of their knowledge about the possibility of third-party payment. For comparison, MarkeTrak VIII1 shows that 40% of US hearing aid purchases involved some form of third-party payment (including VA). Nevertheless, the spread of the values across the countries gets higher for the difficult listening situations and sound-quality criteria.
Strikingly, only a slight increase in screenings occurred in individuals age 65+ following this stipulation. EuroTrak points to a remarkable information deficit among hearing-impaired non-owners concerning the third-party payment available to them.
Satisfaction for hearing aids that were purchased 4 years ago or less ranges from 77% to 91%. Method: A transversal study of 184 workers divided proportionally in each sector of work, evaluated through interviews, otoscopic exam. Hearing damages caused by noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) arises from alterations on internal structure of cochlea that cause irreversible damages and symptoms such as hypoacusis, tinnitus, auricular plenitude and otalgia (ear pain). Casuistica e Metodo: Foi realizado estudo transversal em amostra causualizada de 184 trabalhadores divididos proporcionalmente em cada setor, avaliados atraves de entrevista, exame otoscopico e audiometria ocupacional. Niveis elevados de ruido maiores que 85 dBNA durante 8 horas diarias, por longo tempo sao suficientes para causar dano coclear (1).O diagnostico de PAIR e realizado pela historia de exposicao em ambiente ruidoso, exame otorrinolaringologico com enfase na otoscopia e exame audiometrico A perda auditiva deve ter se desenvolvido gradualmente num periodo de, geralmente, 6 a 10 anos de exposicao continua a niveis elevados de ruido no trabalho. Cytomegalovirus is a common and relatively harmless virus in healthy adults, but if a woman gets exposed to it for the first time while pregnant, it can cause significant hearing loss in the unborn child. According to WHO, There are 255 million (4.25%) deaf people out of total 6 billion (Census, IDB) world population.
Persons 50 years and older are eight times more likely to have hearing impairment than persons ages 16-35 (Figure-2, Figure-3). While males at all ages are more likely than females to be deaf or hard-of-hearing, the gap widens after age 18 (Figure-4, (Source: National Academy of Aging Society). According to WHO, There are 255 million (4.25%) deaf people out of total 6 billion (Census, IDB) world population. In adults, hearing impairment and deafness often make it difficult to obtain, perform, and keep employment.
Genetica y quinina causas principales de la perdida de audicion La causa principal de la perdida de audicion era el factor hereditario. Overall satisfaction with newer generation devices (77% to 91%) is even higher, and hearing aids are shown to have a positive impact on the quality of life of hearing-impaired individuals.
However, it is the authors’ belief that the general conclusions, based on the comparison of the studies, remain unaffected. Since hearing loss is associated with aging (presbycusis), a higher prevalence of hearing loss would be expected there. As might be expected, retired people have the highest adoption rate, which is doubtlessly correlated with their age (for a comparison of age groups, see the above discussion relating to Figure 4). Additionally, any of these factors are potentially influenced by the existing reimbursement schemes in each country. It has been shown that these tend to be the criteria where the biggest improvements for new hearing aid generations can be observed. For the European countries, it was shown that hearing aids have a positive impact on quality of life.
Levels of noise higher than 85 dBNA for 8 daily hours for a long period are enough to cause cochlea damage (1). Resultados: A prevalencia de PAIR foi 28,3% PAIR, com predominio de perdas auditivas de grau l (46,2%), segundo a classificacao de Merluzzi. Its big challenge to our society is to help and support the deaf people who are unable to afford and are uncapable to take of own health. Using a far infrared sauna can help strengthen the bodya€™s immune system by stimulating increased production of white blood cells by the bone marrow and killer T-cells by the thymus.A 2.
Hasta un 75 por ciento de los ninos con perdida auditiva habian nacido de padres que eran parientes de sangre cercanos, haciendo de los factores hereditarios la causa mas probable de la perdida auditiva del nino. Furthermore, non-owners are more often employed compared to hearing aid owners, who are more often retired. Another important reason for non-adoption is that people believe hearing aids are uncomfortable.
NHIR diagnosis is performed by history of exposure in noise environment, ENT exam focused on otoscopy and audiometric exam. Os sintomas mais frequentes foram hipoacusia (30,8%), dificuldade de compreensao da fala (25%), zumbido (9,6%), plenitude auricular (5,8%), tontura (3,8%) e otalgia (3,8%).
O exame audiometrico revela uma perda auditiva sempre neurosensorial, irreversivel, em geral simetrica, com entalhes principalmente nas frequencias de 2000 a 4000 Hz (2).Apesar do conhecimento do diagnostico e de programas de prevencao adotados nas industrias, esta patologia ainda representa ainda um serio problema de saude ocupacional, principalmente nas industrias texteis.
Far infrared rays improve blood circulation, stimulate endorphins, lower lactic acid, kill certain bacteria and parasites, and burn calories. La quinina, un medicamento comun contra la malaria, es la segunda causa principal de la perdida auditiva en ninos. Hearing loss should have been developed in a gradual way in a period from around 6 to 10 year of continuous exposure at high levels of noise.
O setor com maior indice de PAIR foi engenharia industrial com 44,4%, seguidos da fiacao com 38,9% e tecelagem com 38,8%, BET (beneficiamento, estamparia e tinturaria) com 23,8% e administracao com 3,8%. Proponents of hyperthermia, also known as fever therapy, maintain that using far infrared energy to therapeutically induce higher body temperatures helps fight infections and even cancer. Uno de cada tres ninos examinados habia estado expuesto a quinina durante el embarazo de la madre.
Their argument is supported by the human body itself, which radiates infrared energy for the benefits of warmth and tissue repair.A 3. Audiometric exam always reveals sensorineural and irreversible hearing loss and symmetric in general, in frequencies from 2000 to 4000 Hz (2). Los danos permanentes en el oido interno son efectos secundarios conocidos, si no extendidos, asociados a la quinina. The workers who had been working for more than 20 years were also the most affected (42.9%). Apart from knowledge of diagnosis and prevention programs used in industries, this pathology still represents a serious problem of occupational health, especially in textile industries. This is the heat you feel penetrate your skin when you stand in the sun and miss when you walk into the shade. Conclusion: The occurrence of NIHL was significant in 1st degree, associated to hipoacusis. Las vacunas contra este tipo de infecciones pueden prevenir los casos innecesarios de perdida de audicion en los ninos sudaneses, concluyeron los investigadores.


When people do not receive adequate amounts of far infrared heat, they often can become ill or depressed.A 4.
Sugieren ademas la prevencion de otros casos de perdida de audicion mediante el conocimiento general de los riesgos relacionados con los matrimonios entre parientes de sangre cercanos.
Com o aumento destas industrias no Brasil, especialmente no Vale do Itajai em Santa Catarina, o numero de pessoas expostas ao ruido vem aumentando consideravelmente, decorrendo dai a importancia de monitoracao de audicao nos trabalhadores, o diagnostico precoce de PAIR e sua prevencao, atraves de programa de conservacao auditiva. Finalmente, los investigadores destacan la importancia de la exploracion auditiva temprana en ninos de matrimonios emparentados, ademas de los ninos que hayan sido tratados o expuestos a quinina, para asi proporcionarles el tratamiento adecuado. O objetivo desse trabalho e determinar a prevalencia de perda auditiva induzida pelo ruido em trabalhadores de uma industria textil na cidade de Brusque (SC), verificar a intensidade da patologia, caracterizar os principais sintomas audiologicos, verificar a faixa etaria de maior prevalencia, identificar o setor da industria de maior risco e relacionar os casos ao tempo de exposicao ao ruido.CASUISTICA E METODOEste estudo transversal foi realizado no periodo entre Junho e Novembro de 2004.
Far infrared saunas are recognized by health practitioners worldwide as perhaps the most effective method of removing both chemical and heavy metal toxins from the body. Far infrared saunas are thought to be 7 times more effective at detoxifying heavy metals such as mercury, aluminium, and other environmental toxins than conventional heat or steam saunas. For many chronically ill patients as well as people who are well and wish to stay that way by reducing their toxic burden, the far infrared sauna is the detox method of choice.A 6.
With the high number of such industry in Brazil, the number of people exposed to noise has been expressively increasing. Tambem era questionado sobre doencas sistemicas como doencas das vias aereas, DM, HAS, Sifilis, Sarampo, Caxumba, tireoideopatias, doencas renais e antecedentes como problemas otologicos previos, cirurgias previas, problemas na familia e historia exposicao ao ruido nao ocupacional.Apos a entrevista, realizava-se a otoscopia, com um otoscopio portatil de pilha, para avaliacao do conduto auditivo externo e membrana do timpano. Bathing in a far infrared sauna in the early stages of a cold or flu has been known to stop the disease before symptoms occur.A 7. Therefore, it is important monitoring worker?s hearing, early diagnosing and preventing NIHL through a program of hearing conservation. Por ultimo, era realizado a audiometria tonal e analise das curvas audiometricas apos um repouso auditivo de, no minimo, 14 horas por parte dos trabalhadores (1). Far infrared heat can penetrate into the skin about an inch and a half to two inches deep and can have therapeutic benefits, such as helping to dissolve fat deposits under the skin.
The target of this study is to determine the prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in workers from a textile industry in Brusque (SC), to verify pathology intensity, to characterize the main audiological symptoms, to verify the age of higher prevalence, to identify industry sector of higher risk and to relate cases with period of noise exposure. Foi utilizado um audiometro "Interacoustics" modelo AC 40 com certificados de calibracao a cada ano. Since toxins may be stored in the fat, the deep penetrating heat of a far infrared sauna can help eliminate them, especially toxins such as heavy metals and acidic compounds.A 8.
As interpretacoes das audiometrias tonais foram classificadas, primeiramente, de acordo com os criterios de DAVID e SILVERMANN (8). The radiant heat of a far infrared sauna is efficient because it warms the sauna bather directly. Em seguida identificou-se as curvas audiometricas indicativas de PAIR, de acordo com SANTINHO e COUTO (9).
The body absorbs as much as 93 percent of the heat, causing perspiration and producing a vast array of health benefits.A 9. Such measures were performed during working time using a decibel meter Simpson - 886.As NIHL needs at least 5 years to develop, employees working less than this period were excluded from tests. Por ultimo as audiometrias indicativas de PAIR foram classificadas de acordo com intensidade, segundo a classificacao de Merluzzi (10). Far infrared saunas can help clear cellulite, the gel-like lumps of fat, water and debris trapped in pockets beneath the skin. 343 employees remained and from those 184 were selected to raise a sample (error of 5% and confidence grade of 95%). European beauty specialists routinely incorporate daily far infrared sauna baths in programs to reduce cellulite.A 10.
They were divided proportionally in each sector: weaving (67), spinning (18), industrial engineering (18), expedition (8), PPD (42) and administration (31). Em relacao a presenca de disacusias auditivas 105 trabalhadores (57,1%) estavam normais, 52 (28,3%) apresentaram curvas audiometricas compativeis com perda auditiva induzida pelo ruido e 27 (44,7%) tinham perdas auditivas por outras causas. Generally speaking, far infrared saunas are less expensive, easier to install, and require less maintenance than traditional saunas.
All workers were evaluated through a selection protocol composed by interview, otoscopic exam and occupational audiometry.Workers were identified by their names, ages, genders, functions and noise exposure period during interview. They come in many sizes and are often quite portable, making them a great choice when limited space is available.A 11.
It was also performed a hearing selection where questions on otological symptoms such as hypoacusis, tinnitus, speech understanding difficulty, dizziness, auricular plenitude, otalgia and otorrhea were asked. Far infrared radiant heat provides all the healthy benefits of natural sunlight without any of the dangerous effects of solar radiation.A 12. Questions on systemic diseases such as disorders of air pathways, DM SAH, syphilis, measles, mumps, thyreoid diseases, renal disorders and antecedents with previous otological problems, previous surgery, family history of non-occupational noise exposure were also asked.After interview, it was performed otoscopy with a portable battery-rum gadget in order to evaluate external hearing canal and tympanic membrane. Far infrared saunas are more cleansing than conventional saunas because they are designed to generate more than two to three times the amount of perspiration. And then, it was performed tonal audiometry and analysis of audiometric curves after a hearing rest of 14 hours at least (1). Unlike in traditional saunas where temperatures range from 140 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit (60 to 105 degrees Celsius), the temperatures of far infrared saunas typically range from 100 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (38 to 60 degrees Celsius).A 14.
Interpretations of tonal audiometry were classified according to DAVID and SILVERMANN?s criteria (8), and then audiometric curves suggesting NIHL were classified according to SANTINHO and COUTO (9).
This allows a person to perspire faster and to tolerate a longer period of time inside the sauna. Typical sessions in a far infrared sauna last 20 to 30 minutes and can be repeated to maximize the benefits.A 15.
The lower heat range of far infrared saunas is safer for people with cardiovascular risk factors or fragile health because lower temperatures dona€™t dramatically elevate heart rate and blood pressure.A 16. Far infrared saunas have been used to treat sprains, bursitis, rheumatism, muscle spasms, neuralgia and hemorrhoids. Prevalence of intensity grades of NIHL, according to Merluzzi (10), can be seen in Picture 1.
Table 1 shows noise level, percentage and number of workers with normal hearing, with NIHL and with hearing loss by other reasons regarding industrial sector.
The effects of toxin, chemical and pesticide poisoning can be greatly reduced by the far infrared saunaa€™s detoxification action.
In relation to age, higher prevalence of NIHL was observed in the group of older worker, aging from 50 to 64 years.
People who work with chemicals, as well as home gardeners who frequently use fertilizers and pesticides, are advised to use far infrared saunas on a regular basis.A 18. Far infrared radiant heat is a form of naturally occurring energy that heats objects by direct light conversion. Table 2 shows the relation of noise exposure period in the company with normal worker, with NIHL and hearing loss by other reasons. Direct light conversion warms only the object and does not raise the temperature of the surrounding free air.A 19.
Far infrared sauna use can help promote rebuilding of injured tissue by having a positive effect on the fibroblasts, the connective tissue cells necessary for the repair of injury.
It also can help increase growth of cells, DNA syntheses, and protein synthesis, all of which is necessary during tissue repair and regeneration.A 21.
In the electromagnetic spectrum, far infrared wavelengths measure between 5.6 and 1,000 microns. Wavelengths of between 6 and 14 microns are believed to be the most beneficial to humans and other living things on Earth.A  The human palm emits far infrared wavelengths of between 8 and 12 microns.
The energy output from far infrared saunas so closely match the human bodya€™s radiant energy that nearly 93 percent of the saunaa€™s far infrared waves reach the skin.A 22.
Far infrared sauna therapy has helped people with cardiovascular conditions such as congestive heart failure and angina.
It enhances endothelial nitric oxide, lowering blood pressure and improving cardiovascular function.A 23. The radiant heat of far infrared saunas has been shown to be especially beneficial to people with sports injuries, fibromyalgia, arthritis, and other chronic pain conditions.A 24. This prevalence of NIHL lesser than the others from the revised literature can be explained by the fact that in the industry where the study was done, preventive procedures have been performed for around 10 years, using ear protectors and performing audiometry tests on workers in noisy environment.
There are some definite advantages to using far infrared sauna thermal heaters, such as no high heat claustrophobic reaction and better air circulation. Although industrial engineering presented a percentage of around 5% higher than the other departments, this number was not expressive among industrial engineering, spinning and weaving departments, considering that error rate in sample process was 5%. Far infrared heaters heat the body, not the air, so a bather is more comfortable and cooler. Far infrared saunas require 90 percent less electrical energy than conventional saunas, and no plumbing is required for a far infrared sauna.A 26. A 20 to 30-minute session in a far infrared sauna has been touted to burn as many calories as a six-mile run.A 27. These differences can be caused by factors referred by KWITKO (13), which are presence of variables such as age, gender, previous hearing pathology, associated diseases, audiometer calibration, technical problems on the booth and subjectivity of audiometric test. Far infrared saunas are now used in health facilities for a range of health problems such as menopause, ulcers, insomnia, asthma, bronchitis, ear infections, and allergies.A 28. The higher prevalence of NIHL cases was grade I according to Merluzzi (10) (45.1%) as well as to MIRANDA et al. It was also possible to demonstrate that NIHL cases increased as working period in the company increased and that employees working for more than 20 years (i.e. You dona€™t have to worry about setting the sauna up on a waterproof floor or near plumbing, and you dona€™t have to worry about mildew.A 29. Unlike a traditional sauna, which requires a closed atmosphere to maintain heat levels required for therapeutic results, a far infrared sauna can be used with its door or window completely open if far infrared penetration is the only objective.A 30.
Far infrared saunas benefit all your organs of elimination, from your lungs to your liver to your kidneys to your skin.A 31. Infrared light lies between the visible and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Infrared light has a range of wavelengths, just like visible light has wavelengths that range from red light to violet. Near infrared light is closest in wavelength to visible light, and far infrared light is closer to the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum. ARAUJO (2), by frequency order, found: tinnitus, speech understanding difficulty, dizziness, hypoacusis, otorrhea and sensation of auricular plenitude. A far infrared sauna is usually warm within 10 or 15 minutes, whereas a conventional sauna can take more than an hour to reach optimal temperatures.A 33. Another option, although quite costly, is to use far infrared bulbs, which can provide warming and stimulating color therapy.A 34. In addition to hemlock, wood choices for far infrared sauna construction include basswood, birch, oak, poplar, spruce and western red cedar. When a wood type is stated to be hypoallergenic, it means that the wood contains minimal allergens and is therefore less likely to cause an allergic reaction. There was an increase of NIHL as period of noise exposure increased, especially after 21 years of exposure.REFERENCES1. When far infrared heat penetrates a bathera€™s body, he or she can experience a refreshed mind, relaxed mood, reduction of aches and pains, improved metabolism, and systemic regularity leading to an overall feeling of wellness.A 37.
Hemlock is a very strong wood that is quite able to withstand the heat of a far infrared sauna. It is also abundantly available, which means the end cost to the consumer is less than it might be for another wood type.A 38. Far infrared radiation is believed to be the only antidote to excessive ultraviolet radiation.A 39. Certain alternative healing practices such as palm healing, a practice with some 3,000 years of tradition behind it in China, rely on the human bodya€™s ability to emit far infrared radiant energy.A 40. And weight gain, muscle loss, decreased libido, wrinkles in our skin, and a growing number of aches and pains are probably other distressing concerns.A Some people try to defy nature by undergoing cosmetic surgery, utilizing every a€?anti-aginga€? skin care product available, taking stress management or meditation courses, or relocating to less polluted areas. These actions may have merits worthy of consideration, but the fact remains that no one, no matter how determined he or she may be, can slow down the passage of time.
We start aging even before we are born, and the process does not stop until the day we die.A While our efforts may not influence time itself, they can, however, affect how our bodies respond to and endure it. Qualified health professionals agree, for example, that regular exercise and good nutrition can have a long-term positive impact on a persona€™s quality of life. As well, avoiding the dangerous ultraviolet rays of the sun is universally regarded as an effective way to help maintain healthy, youthful skin.
And leta€™s not forget how quitting smoking has been shown to improve respiratory health and reduce the risk of cancer in many vital bodily organs.
A One activity that has been proven to be of great benefit to the lungs, heart, skin and other organs is far infrared sauna bathing. The rays from a far infrared sauna can help improve cardiovascular functioning, strengthen the bodya€™s immune system, reduce fat and cellulite, revitalize skin cells, improve muscle tone and strength, improve nutrition and production of brain chemicals, and much more.A Far infrared sauna bathing also helps to flush toxic chemicals, heavy metals and other destructive agents from our bodies. Exposure to this highly toxic substance can reportedly increase blood pressure and cause fertility problems, nerve disorders, muscle and joint pain, and memory or concentration difficulties.
Researchers have also linked lead exposure to Alzheimera€™s disease, a debilitating condition akin to dementia that most people associate with aging.A Various sources likewise suggest a connection between Alzheimera€™s disease and mercury, the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth.
By definition, red is the color with the longest wavelengths of visible light, and violet is the color with the shortest wavelengths of visible light.
Among the types of invisible light or electromagnetic radiation that reside outside of the optical spectrum are infrared radiation (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Translated from Latin, a€?infraa€? and a€?ultraa€? mean a€?belowa€? and a€?beyond,a€? respectively, so infrared radiation, or infrared light, is literally a€?below red,a€? and ultraviolet light is a€?beyond violet.a€?The German-born astronomer William Herschel discovered infrared light while living in England in 1800, about 20 years after his historic first sighting of the planet Uranus. Measuring the heat from the optical spectrum, Herschel observed that the temperature in the colors increased as he went from violet to red. He also noticed that the temperature continued to increase beyond the color red, into a region of invisible light that Herschel named a€?infrared.a€?Infrared light is divided into three distinct segments with precise ranges of wavelength measured by microns.
Far infrared light is sometimes called thermal radiation or thermal light, and its wavelengths measure between 5.6 and 1,000 microns. The light or energy from sunlight and fire that we perceive as heat is far infrared.The far infrared radiation (FIR) emitted by the sun should not be confused with its deleterious ultraviolet radiation. Chief among the consumer products utilizing the technology is the far infrared sauna or heat therapy room. A key attribute of far infrared light is its ability to heat an object directly without elevating the temperature of the air surrounding the object. Surdez ocupacional em trabalhadores industriais da regiao metropolitana de Salvador, Bahia.
This is called direct light conversion.A Direct light conversion is perhaps best demonstrated when youa€™re outside on a summer day and a big cloud moves in front of the sun.
In the shade, you dona€™t feel as warm as when you were basking in the direct path of the suna€™s energy.
Yet, by positioning itself between you and the sun, the cloud has blocked the suna€™s far infrared rays from reaching you. Thata€™s the reason you feel cooler even though the temperature of the air around you has not changed.A The value of far infrared light to human health and wellness must not be underestimated. Penetrating as deeply as three inches into our bodies, far infrared rays improve blood circulation, stimulate endorphins, destroy certain bacteria and parasites, lower lactic acid, and burn calories.Advocates of hyperthermia, also known as fever therapy, contend that employing such deep-penetrating far infrared energy to therapeutically induce higher body temperatures helps combat infections and even cancer. Estudo da prevalencia da perda auditiva induzida por ruido em trabalhadores de uma industria grafica. Their assertion is supported by the human body itself, which emits infrared energy for purposes of warmth and tissue repair.A Saunas have long been a tried, tested and true source of health benefits. For centuries, traditional saunas have helped to improve cardiovascular function, promote body detoxification, maintain general health, and foster greater relaxation in sauna bathers around the world. For many sauna enthusiasts, the traditional hot sauna a€“ the Finnish sauna a€“ remains the preferred route to renewed health and a rejuvenated spirit.A Sometimes called radiant heat saunas, soft heat saunas or heat therapy rooms, far infrared saunas offer most of the same benefits that traditional Finnish saunas do, but they do so at lower, more tolerable temperatures.
While the air temperature in a typical Finnish sauna bath ranges from 170 to 200 degrees Fahrenheit (77 to 93 degrees Celsius), such temperatures arena€™t required in a far infrared sauna to induce optimal bather perspiration.A By penetrating the bathera€™s body and effecting a deep, satisfying heat of just 100 to 130 degrees Fahrenheit (38 to 55 degrees Celsius), the far infrared rays can create an enjoyably cleansing, detoxifying and revitalizing experience for the bather. In fact, many sources claim that the volume of sweat produced during a far infrared sauna bath can be as much as three times greater than in a Finnish sauna bath. The higher volume of sweat means a faster, more thorough, and thus more beneficial flushing of toxic chemicals and harmful heavy metals from the body.A Far infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth.
And now, with far infrared heat therapy rooms and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are wisely taking action to benefit from those rays and improve the quality of our own lives.A Benefits of Far Infrared Sauna UseThere are many benefits to be derived from proper and regular use of a far infrared sauna.
Head of ENT Service at Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Parana)Hospital de Clinicas da Universidade Federal do ParanaAddress: Rua General Carneiro, 181, 6o. Far infrared sauna bathing can improve autonomic functions of the nervous system.Further Applications of Far Infrared EnergyFar infrared saunas are just one example of the application of infrared energy in contemporary society.
Other uses of infrared energy have resulted in infrared hair dryers, infrared foot massagers, infrared pillows, infrared underwear, and even infrared leg wraps for horses. There are far infrared ray-emitting paints and wallpaper that combat mold as well as fast-cooking far infrared ovens that reportedly kill E. Far infrared rays are being utilized to purify polluted air, promote growth in plants, keep newborn babies warm in hospitals, treat injured athletes, and even encourage new hair growth.Far Infrared Is Essential to LifeFar infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth. And now, with far infrared saunas and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are astutely taking steps to benefit from those remarkable rays and improve the quality of our own lives. Similarly, you may not pay much attention to far infrared saunas, but these fantastic devices offer health benefits that you may not be able to afford to ignore any longer.A As time progresses, it seems that the world is becoming an increasingly dangerous place.
We live in an age of terrorist activities, nuclear weapons, dictatorships and religious fanaticism. Costly international conflicts show no sign of abating, and just about everyone feels more insecure and vulnerable than they did a decade ago. Even in our local neighborhoods, many of us worry about rising crime rates and growing threats to our personal safety.A And, as if those problems were not enough for us to worry about, many of us have major health issues with which we have no choice but to contend. Not helping matters are all the poisons and contaminants that have found their way into our environment and into our bodies. Fortunately, though, we are not powerless against these mighty and malicious microscopic menaces. In fact, we can start doing something about them right now - we can start fighting back with far infrared sauna detoxification therapy.A Far infrared saunas are revered by scientists and health professionals around the world for their ability to help flush out many of the toxic chemicals, heavy metals and other destructive agents that have accumulated deep within the bloodstream, skin and other vital organs of people from all walks of life. For individuals affected by mercury toxicity, lead poisoning, and other life-threatening exposures, the far infrared sauna is often viewed as an essential component of detoxification therapy.A If you think that only people in high-risk occupations qualify for far infrared sauna detoxification therapy, youa€™re wrong.
Exogenous toxins, which can be absorbed through the skin, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract, are those not produced by the body itself, and examples include mercury, lead, zinc and cadmium. Sylver writes that a€?this category consists of waste produced by the body in the course of normal metabolic functioning and also pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) and the waste they excrete. Also known as chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS), CFS was once commonly referred to as the a€?yuppie flua€? after about 200 people, most of whom were white, wealthy, young females, come down with a strange illness in 1984. National Institutes of Health claim that, for some people, chronic fatigue syndrome can first appear after a cold, bronchitis, hepatitis or an intestinal bug; for others, it can follow a bout of glandular fever. CDC and CFIDS Association of America announced in 2001 that stress may exacerbate but most likely does not cause the disorder.A On the polemical subject of CFS prevalence, Dr.
Buist asserts that toxins can impede muscle metabolism, causing the pain and fatigability of muscles felt by many fatigued people.A Addressing the Well Mind Association in Seattle, WA, Dr. The affected persona€™s detoxification system is clogged up or destroyed, they get a backlog of chemicals, and their immune system goes down.a€?A Dr.
Edelson and Deborah Mitchell, authors of What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Autoimmune Disorders, put it like this: a€?The hallmark of CFIDS is overwhelming, persistent, incapacitating fatigue that leaves those afflicted unable to carry on their normal physical functions. Schmidt writes, a€?Researchers at Uppsala University Medical School in Sweden reported that patients with chronic fatigue contain abnormal levels of mercury within their cells. Of patients with chronic fatigue, 45 percent showed mercury hypersensitivity and 49 percent showed lead hypersensitivity.
When the metal burden was removed from the body (in many cases, by removing mercury-containing silver dental fillings), 77 percent of patients reported improved health.a€?A If these conclusions are correct, how can sufferers retaliate after the damage of toxic build-up has manifested itself as chronic fatigue syndrome? Lyon recommend far infrared sauna therapy.A a€?For the chronic fatigue patient, a consistent program of infrared sauna therapy will assist the problem of autonomic dysregulation, which is common to the condition,a€? states Dr.
These symptoms are reduced, as regular sauna therapy induces normal autonomic functioning.A a€?Through extensive research, it has been shown that saunas greatly assist in the elimination of accumulated toxins,a€? Lyon adds. It has become well known that people who take regular saunas (2-3 per week) reduce their incidence of colds and influenza by over 65% (a study by the British Medical Association).
While many people use saunas primarily for relaxation and stress reduction, the other health benefits are increasing the popularity of saunas.
An often agonizing muscle disorder in which the thin film or tissue holding muscle together becomes thickened or tightened, fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal aches, pains and stiffness, soft tissue tenderness, mild to incapacitating fatigue, and disturbed sleep.A The pain of fibromyalgia is typically felt in the neck, back, shoulders and hands, but it is not exclusive to those areas. Based on criteria set in 1990 by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), a diagnosis of fibromyalgia requires a patient to have experienced widespread pain for a minimum of three months in 11 of 18 tender muscle sites. Among those 18 sites are the hips, knees and rib cage.A Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include allergies, anxiety, carpal tunnel syndrome, depression, dizziness, headaches, irritable bowel symptoms, numbness, and tender skin. Most sufferers of fibromyalgia are women of childbearing age, but it has also been known to strike men, children and the elderly.As for what causes fibromyalgia, many theories exist. The Alternative Medicine Guide to Chronic Fatigue, Fibromyalgia and Environmental Illness states that a€?post-traumatic fibromyalgia is believed to develop after a fall, whiplash or back strain, whereas primary fibromyalgia has an uncertain origin.a€? However, in her book Detoxify or Die, Dr. Nenah Sylver extols the sauna for its ability to increase cardiovascular activity and white blood cell, enzyme, and norepinephrine, beta-endorphin and possibly thyroxin production. As they, in turn, help to enhance circulation, increase waste removal and nutrient absorption, raise metabolism, and promote the elimination of toxins, foreign proteins and microbes, Dr. Sylver deems the aforementioned benefits of proper sauna use crucial in helping people with fibromyalgia. She notes a€?there are actually very few health problems that cannot be helped (or would become worse) with sauna therapya€? but advises patients nevertheless to consult with their health providers before beginning sauna therapy.A Dr. Rogers and other health professionals insist that the far infrared sauna, radiant heat sauna or heat therapy room is of greater benefit to fibromyalgia sufferers than the traditional hot Finnish sauna because of a fundamental difference between the two styles of sauna. Rogers calls the far infrared sauna a€?infinitely more tolerable,a€? particularly for people with fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome or multiple sclerosis, because it can function effectively at a much lower temperature than a conventional Finnish sauna.A a€?Ia€™m convinced that the far infrared sauna is something that everyone should do to restore health,a€? declares Dr. That such an effective detoxification tool exists should be welcome news to anyone suffering the ill effects of excessive lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic or aluminium in his or her body.
A Not everyone may believe they have sufficient reason to worry about heavy metal and chemical toxicity, but many experts are urging the skeptics to think again.


Lead is a highly toxic substance, exposure to which can produce a wide range of adverse health effects. In adults, lead can reportedly increase blood pressure and cause fertility problems, nerve disorders, muscle and joint pain, irritability, and memory or concentration problems. A Because their brains and central nervous systems are still being formed, young children under the age of six are especially vulnerable to leada€™s harmful health effects.
National Safety Council (NSC), a€?Even very low levels of exposure can result in reduced IQ, learning disabilities, attention deficit disorders, behavioral problems, stunted growth, impaired hearing, and kidney damage.
Lead can also be found in automobile exhaust, pesticides, hair dye, ink, and some glazed dishware.Mercury, a ubiquitous environmental pollutant that can be found in tuna and swordfish, latex paint, dental amalgams, vaccines, cosmetics, contact lens solution, fabric softener and tap water, has also been classified by researchers as posing a grave threat to human health.
In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that no level of mercury can be considered to be safe, as it is the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth.A In their book What Your Doctor May Not Be Telling You About Autoimmune Disorders, Dr. Like so many other heavy metals, cadmium can be found in air, water, soil and food.A Noting that the highest contributor to cadmium toxicity is cigarette smoke, the Center for Environmental and Integrative Medicine (CEIM) in Knoxville, TN, states that a€?cadmium can weaken the immune system and allow bacteria, viruses, yeast and parasites to proliferate. Cadmium may also promote skeletal demineralization and increase bone fragility and fracture risk. Department of Health and Human Servicesa€™ Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Eating food or drinking water with very high cadmium levels severely irritates the stomach, leading to vomiting and diarrhea, and sometimes death. Breathing air with lower levels of cadmium, or eating lower levels of cadmium, over long periods of time can result in a build-up of cadmium in the kidneys.
This has been seen mostly in workers exposed to arsenic at smelters, mines, and chemical factories, but also in residents living near smelters and arsenical chemical factories.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have all classified inorganic arsenic as a known human carcinogen.A Since arsenic is found naturally in the environment, humans risk exposure to it when they eat food, drink water, breathe air, or come in contact with contaminated soil or water. The same can be said for aluminium compounds.A People may also be exposing themselves to aluminium compounds when they ingest medicinal products like certain antacids, laxatives and buffered aspirin or have skin contact with aluminium metal, antiperspirants, or other substances that contain aluminium or aluminium compounds. Mercola asserts that aluminium has been linked to serious illnesses such as osteoporosis, extreme nervousness, anemia, headache, decreased liver and kidney function, speech disturbances, and memory loss. He also contends that people who have died from Alzheimera€™s disease have been found to have up to four times the average amount of aluminium accumulated in the braina€™s nerve cells.A Offering its view on the subject, the ATSDR states that exposure to aluminium is usually not harmful but notes that some people who have kidney disease store a lot of aluminium in their bodies. In these children, the bone damage is caused by aluminium in the stomach preventing the absorption of phosphate, (which is) required for healthy bones.a€?Lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic and aluminium are just five of an intimidating number of toxins capable of severely compromising your health. Among the other heavy metals most often found at unacceptable levels in the body, according to Edelson and Mitchell, are nickel and tin. Sherry Rogers writes, a€?The lungs, urine, stool and sweat are the main vehicles the body has for getting rid of nasty chemicals, but by far sweat is the most efficacious. And Mayo Clinic studies show that (utilizing) far infrared energy is the safest way to induce healing sweata€¦ Far infrared sauna technology is the only proven, most efficacious way of getting rid of stored environmental chemicals.a€?A A far infrared sauna has been cited as the best place to sweat because, whereas bathing in a conventional hot air sauna produces perspiration that is composed of approximately 97 percent water and three percent toxins, soaking in a far infrared sauna has been shown to produce sweat composed of about 80 percent water and 20 percent toxins. As well, far infrared saunas can produce up to three times the sweat volume of a conventional hot air sauna while operating at a considerably cooler air temperature range of 110 to 130 degrees versus 180 to 235 degrees for hot air saunas. Ita€™s worthwhile to also note that, according to author and sauna historian Mikkel Aaland, a 15-minute far infrared sauna session can execute the same heavy metal excretion that would take the kidneys 24 working hours. In other words, sweating in a far infrared sauna can be a very efficient method of detoxification.A Even though sweating is a natural function of the human body, many people do not perspire properly because their skin has been damaged or deactivated by, among other culprits, chemicals in bath water, lotions, soaps and deodorants. Fortunately for these people, far infrared sauna therapy can greatly help to restore the skina€™s eliminative powers. Ita€™s just one more way far infrared saunas work to heal bodies compromised by harmful chemicals.A If you are concerned about how harmful chemicals and heavy metals can affect your health, consider the many benefits of owning a far infrared sauna.
Most people have a casual understanding of each of those three, but it is the mercury included in the periodic table of elements that demands greater public contemplation. For if contemporary society placed more of an emphasis on the pernicious effects of mercury exposure, perhaps fewer people would be victimized by related illnesses and diseases.A Mercury is the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has proclaimed that no level of mercury can be regarded as being safe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced in a 2001 study that one in every 10 American women of childbearing age is at risk for having a baby born with neurological problems due to mercury exposure.A There are three principal types of mercury, and each type presents a serious health hazard to humans.
The first type, elemental mercury, is a liquid that gives off mercury vapor at room temperature.
Elemental mercury can also enter the bloodstream by permeating the skin.A Inorganic mercury compounds, the second type, can also be inhaled as well as pass through the skin. Unlike elemental mercury, though, inorganic mercury compounds can also be absorbed through the stomach if swallowed. Elemental mercury, if swallowed, is not absorbed and usually exits the body without causing any harm. Many inorganic mercury compounds are irritating or corrosive to the skin, eyes and mucus membranes.A The third type of mercury, organic mercury compounds, can enter the body by way of all three routes a€“ lungs, skin and stomach.
Exposure to any form of mercury on a repeated basis, or even a very high single dose, can lead to chronic mercury poisoning.
According to the New Jersey State Department of Health, chronic mercury poisoning is characterized by three major symptoms:Gum problems. People with chronic mercury poisoning frequently experience wide mood swings, becoming irritable, frightened, excited or depressed very quickly for no apparent reason.
Some people may become extremely upset at any criticism, lose all self-confidence, and become apathetic. Memory loss, hallucinations, and inability to concentrate can also occur.Nervous system impairment. The earliest and most frequent symptom of chronic mercury poisoning is a fine tremor of the hand.
A person with chronic mercury poisoning may also experience difficulty balancing and walking.A In What Your Doctor May Not Be Telling You About Autoimmune Disorders, authors Dr.
Research has demonstrated that the bodya€™s tissues, especially in the brain, kidneys, jaw, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and liver, absorb and store mercury.a€?A With such research findings having caught the publica€™s attention, some people have begun insisting that their dentists use composite fillings, also known as a€?white fillings,a€? as a non-toxic alternative to amalgam fillings. As well, some dental patients are demanding that their existing amalgam fillings be removed and replaced with composite fillings.A In her book Detoxify or Die, Dr. Rogers writes, a€?Autoimmune disease, heart disease, high cholesterol and triglycerides, chemical sensitivity, allergies, antibiotic-resistant infections, depression, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, leukemia and just about any symptom you can think of have improved once sufficient accumulated mercury was removed from the teeth and body.a€?Going a step further, Dr.
Daniel Royal, member of the Nevada State Board of Homeopathic Medical Examiners, states, a€?While removal of amalgam fillings stops further poisoning from mercury fillings, you still need to detoxify the body to eliminate the residual effect from mercury that remains behind in the body. Royal calls the sauna a useful adjunct to safe mercury removal because it induces profuse sweating.
One reason is that far infrared saunas, also known as radiant heat saunas or soft heat saunas, can effectively function at temperatures lower than those characteristic of traditional hot Finnish saunas.
The findings of this study make a strong case that far infrared saunas are simply better detoxification devices than conventional hot saunas.A Before you begin a sauna detoxification program, or if you suspect that you suffer from mercury poisoning, you should discuss your plans or share your suspicions with a qualified health professional. And if you decide to purchase a far infrared sauna for any of its many therapeutic properties, be sure to research your choices thoroughly, as satisfied sauna buyers are typically well-informed sauna buyers.A Opening the Sauna Door to Better Healthby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa You may think of a home sauna as being little more than a luxury, an object that offers pleasure and comfort but is ultimately inessential to your well-being. However, the results of decades of research may just convince you of what sauna enthusiasts have believed for centuries a€“ that regular sauna bathing offers significant, perhaps even life-saving, health benefits.A A chief objective of any sauna bath is to make you perspire, and perspiration is a natural, necessary function of the human body. Ita€™s a means by which the body can rid itself of extra heat and water and eliminate harmful toxins that have, over time, built up inside it.
Included among these toxins are mercury, lead, cadmium and aluminium.A The health benefits of sauna bathing, however, go beyond aiding detoxification.
As your body increases sweat production to cool itself during a hot sauna bath, your heart increases blood circulation. Heart rate, cardiac output and metabolic rate all increase, while diastolic blood pressure decreases, helping to improve overall cardiovascular fitness.A Sauna bathing may also contribute to healthy weight loss.
A letter in a 1981 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association asserted that a€?a moderately conditioned person can easily a€?sweat offa€™ 500 grams in a sauna, consuming nearly 300 calories, the equivalent of running two to three miles. A heat-conditioned person can easily sweat off 600 to 800 calories with no adverse effects.
While the weight of the water lost can be regained by rehydration with water, the calories consumed will not be.a€?A Most irrefutable are the claims that regular sauna bathing helps to relieve stress and promote relaxation. It has been demonstrated time and time again that spending just a few minutes in a hot sauna bath can reduce anxiety levels, sooth nerves and warm tight muscles. Not only has sauna bathing been shown to encourage deeper, more restful sleep, far infrared sauna therapy has proved effective in alleviating pain associated with arthritis, backache, bursitis, fibromyalgia, headache, sprains, strains and other muscular and skeletal ailments.A a€?I am convinced that the far infrared sauna is something that everyone should do to restore health,a€? contends Dr. And while the condition known as Raynauda€™s disease has perhaps not received as much attention as those previously mentioned, credible sources suggest that sauna bathing can benefit its sufferers as well.A Raynauda€™s disease is a condition that causes some areas of your body, such as your fingers, toes, ears, cheeks, tongue, and the tip of your nose, to feel numb and cool in response to cold temperatures or stress. Named after Maurice Raynaud, the French physician who first described it in 1862, it is a disorder of the blood vessels that supply blood to your skin.
During a Raynauda€™s attack, these arteries narrow, limiting blood flow to affected areas.A Accurately discussing Raynauda€™s can be challenging for some people, as two types of it exist, and each type has two names. What most laymen generically call Raynauda€™s disease could be either primary Raynauda€™s or secondary Raynauda€™s.A Primary Raynauda€™s, the most common form of the disorder, is what physicians and medical textbooks correctly refer to as Raynauda€™s disease. Although anyone can develop the condition, primary Raynauda€™s mainly affects women between the ages of 15 and 40.
Ita€™s also more common in people who live in colder climates.A Secondary Raynauda€™s, also known as Raynauda€™s phenomenon, is caused by an underlying problem like scleroderma, Sjogrena€™s syndrome (both connective tissue diseases), lupus (an autoimmune disease), rheumatoid arthritis (an inflammatory disease), hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), diseases of the arteries (such as atherosclerosis and Buergera€™s disease), carpal tunnel syndrome, nerve damage, or chemical exposure. As well, people in certain occupations, such as those who operate vibrating tools, may be more vulnerable to secondary Raynauda€™s.A Most typically, cold temperatures provoke Raynauda€™s attacks. Just taking an item out of your freezer, putting your hands in cold water, or exposing yourself to cold air could trigger one. For some people, however, cold is not even necessary; emotional stress is enough to instigate an episode. In both cases, the body seems to exaggerate its natural response of trying to preserve its core temperature by slowing blood supply to its extremities.
During an attack, which can last from less than a minute to several hours, affected areas of your skin usually first turn white.
As your blood circulation improves, the affected areas may turn red, throb, tingle or swell. Raynauda€™s attacks may grow more severe over time.A If the condition becomes severe, blood circulation to your extremities could permanently diminish, resulting in deformities in affected areas like your fingers or toes. Also, skin ulcers or gangrene could develop if an artery to an affected area becomes completely blocked.A Depending on the cause and severity of symptoms, treatment can take many forms. Medications may include alpha blockers, calcium channel blockers, or vasodilators, all of which help relax blood vessels.
For example, during a session in either type of sauna, the bathera€™s heart responds to the sauna heat by increasing blood flow and perspiration production to cool the bathera€™s body.
In this way, sauna bathing is a form of cardiovascular exercise.A Perspiring in a sauna, especially a far infrared sauna, also helps the body rid itself of harmful toxins that have built up over time. With experts having already drawn the connection between nicotine, secondhand smoke and Raynauda€™s, this benefit is certainly noteworthy.A As anyone who has stepped into a sauna seeking relief from muscle aches, sports injuries or ailments such as arthritis or fibromyalgia should already know, sauna bathing also offers a proven way to alleviate pain.
A clinical study conducted at Sunnybrook and Womena€™s College Health Science Centers at the University of Toronto confirmed that far infrared therapy can bring about significant improvements in both subjective measures of pain and discomfort associated with Raynauda€™s disease.A Lastly, sauna bathing fosters relaxation and stress relief.
To those Raynauda€™s sufferers whose attacks are caused by emotional stress, as well as to the innumerable Raynauda€™s sufferers whose emotional stress is understandably caused by their attacks, this news is likely very welcome.A If you think you may be suffering from Raynauda€™s disease or Raynauda€™s phenomenon, be sure to discuss your concerns with a qualified health professional. Meanwhile, youa€™d be wise to investigate the many ways a home sauna, be it a traditional Finnish sauna or a far infrared sauna, can improve your health and happiness.A Insomnia and the Far Infrared Saunaby Pertti Olavi JalasjaaYoua€™ve wisely avoided sleeping pills, but it seems as if youa€™ve tried almost everything else to get a better nighta€™s sleep. The comforting heat of a sauna works to induce healthy perspiration, assist respiratory function, benefit blood pressure, stimulate endorphins, cleanse skin, and relieve sore, tired muscles.
By raising your body temperature in a sauna bath right before bedtime, you compel it to normalize itself afterwards, and ita€™s this temperature readjustment following the sauna bath that helps to improve the quality of your sleep.A Of course, other effects of the heat bath can certainly contribute to improvements in your sleep.
Regular sauna bathers routinely report that soaking in a hot sauna helps them rid their minds of the anxieties, frustrations and worries that may have been plaguing them prior to bathing. And by helping to alleviate any existing physical pain like headaches, muscle strain or joint stiffness, a sauna bath can effectively disarm many of the aggravations that might have impeded truly restful sleep.A Home saunas are available in many styles and sizes. Around the globe, doctors, researchers and other professionals have discovered the tremendous value of using sauna heat to help increase the human bodya€™s white blood cell count, stimulate its immune system, facilitate detoxification, and produce a state of general relaxation that is vital to the healing process.A In many countries, experts continue to research the therapeutic properties of the sauna.
Chuwa Tei, professor of medicine and chair of the department of internal medicine at Japana€™s Kagoshima University, and his colleagues have demonstrated saunasa€™ usefulness in treating heart patients.A In one study, Tei and his colleagues compared 25 men with at least one risk factor for heart disease, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or smoking, with a group of 10 healthy men.
Each study participant spent 15 minutes in a 140-degree Fahrenheit (60-degree Celsius) dry sauna, followed by 30 minutes in a bed covered with blankets, once a day for two weeks. The researchers then measured how well the participantsa€™ blood vessels expanded and contracted, a sign of the health of the vessels.
The researchers also found that the sauna therapy lowered participantsa€™ blood pressure slightly.
The results of the study should be encouraging to anyone concerned about blood vessel diseases like atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and erectile dysfunction.In earlier studies, Tei and his colleagues demonstrated that sauna therapy improved the blood vessel function in hamsters with chronic heart failure.
The hamsters that received sauna therapy also lived about three weeks longer than those that didna€™t receive sauna therapy.A German researchers recently studied 22 kindergarten children who took weekly sauna baths and compared them to a group of children that did not take any sauna baths.
Both groups were followed for 18 months and closely monitored for any occurrence of ear infections, colds, or upper respiratory problems.
The researchers found that the children who did not take the weekly sauna baths took twice as many sick days as their counterparts.A Other findings suggest that it may be more than the heat of a sauna that is so advantageous to human health. Tests have indicated that the practice of tossing or splashing water on heated rocks in a traditional Finnish sauna produces a high quantity of negative ions in the air. Research has concluded that air abundant with negative ions offers great benefits, while a lack of negative ions or a higher ration of positive to negative ions in the air we breathe can cause physical harm.And while a June 2001 edition of The St.
Lying above the 60th parallel, the southern boundary of the Arctic Circle, northernmost Finland receives little sunlight during the winter, which typically begins in November and lasts at least until May.
Throughout all of Finland, winter days are remarkably short, with the sun low on the horizon even at midday. In the far north, the period known as a€?kaamosa€? or polar night, during which the sun never rises above the horizon, is nearly two months long.A Light deprivation is a serious concern during Finnish winters, particularly in areas where continuous darkness stretches several weeks.
Many experts believe it could explain why Finland has one of the worlda€™s highest suicide rates. Each year, 14 percent of northern populations reportedly experience the a€?winter blues,a€? and another six percent suffer from the more serious Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), a type of clinical depression that, by definition, afflicts people only at certain times of the year.
A In addition to depression, common symptoms of SAD include anxiety, fatigue and low energy, irritability, increased sleeping, difficulty concentrating, and changes in appetite, most notably carbohydrate cravings.A For many people, Seasonal Affective Disorder is a seriously disabling illness that prevents them from functioning normally without continuous medical treatment. For others, it is a mild but debilitating condition that causes discomfort but not severe suffering. This milder form of SAD, called Subsyndromal Seasonal Affective Disorder, is what most people perceive to be the aforementioned winter blues.A Yet another form of SAD is Reverse Seasonal Affective Disorder (RSAD), and it typically strikes during the late spring or early summer and lasts throughout the warmer months. Also known as summer depression, RSAD is characterized by decreased sleep, weight loss, poor appetite, and other symptoms.
Because treatment options can differ for SAD and RSAD, ita€™s important to note that the information in the following paragraphs pertains specifically to SAD a€“ in other words, winter depression.A According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder include monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOs), psychotherapy, and light therapy.
Certain sources claim that, in addition to being used to treat SAD, insomnia and jet lag, light therapy can also be beneficial for people suffering from skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis and vitiglio.A For treating Seasonal Affective Disorder, the most commonly used phototherapy equipment is a portable lighting device known as a light box. The patient sits in front of the box for a prescribed period of time that can be as brief as 15 minutes or as long as several hours. The duration and frequency of light therapy sessions often depend on the patienta€™s physical needs and lifestyle. As one might surmise, light therapy sessions for SAD typically begin in the autumn months and continue throughout the winter, sometimes even into the early spring.A The light box may be mounted upright to a wall or slanted downwards and set on a table. The light from a slanted light box is designed to focus on the table upon which it sits, so patients may look down to read or enjoy other sedentary activities during their phototherapy sessions.
Patients using an upright light box must face the light box, although they dona€™t need to look directly into the light.
As for the brightness of the light utilized, the light sources in these light boxes typically range from 2,500 to 10,000 lux (units of illumination). In comparison, average indoor lighting typically ranges from 300 to 500 lux, and a sunny summer day is roughly 100,000 lux.A Before undergoing any light therapy treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder, be sure to discuss your concerns and options with a qualified health professional. If you believe that you suffer from SAD, it is vital that you receive a proper diagnosis from a physician experienced in treating mood disorders. As well, certain risks (like potential eye strain, hypomania and headache, among others) are associated with phototherapy, especially for people who are photosensitive, so consulting with your doctor and an ophthalmologist could prevent additional problems from arising during or after your treatments. If you decide to pursue light therapy treatments without the assistance of a qualified health professional, be aware that different companies hold decidedly different stances on exactly what constitutes light therapy.
A Among the health-related companies that are now making light therapy part of their business are manufacturers and retailers of home saunas. It is a logical development since far infrared sauna therapy has repeatedly been proven to be an effective form of light therapy. The light found in a far infrared sauna is, of course, far infrared light, a type of invisible light located below the optical color red in the electromagnetic spectrum.A An indispensable part of life on Earth, far infrared light has long been used by humans to purify polluted air, keep newborn babies warm in hospitals, promote growth in plants, and more.
Little did the early sauna bathers of Finland realize centuries ago that their beloved heat baths might someday become a source of hope and healing, not just for the people of their own country but for everyone who finds the dark days of winter hard to weather.A Sweat and Far Infrared Saunas- Here's the Skinnyby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa For whatever reason, most people feel uncomfortable talking about perspiration. For example, ita€™s not unusual to hear someone remark that he or she a€?sweateda€? over an academic assignment, a€?worked up a sweata€? on the tennis courts, or a€?lost a pint of sweata€? while awaiting an important decision.
But these are simply colloquial expressions that many of us utilize to make a point about our mental or physical stress or exertion related to a particular undertaking or event. After all, to do so, polite society decrees, would be in poor taste.A And yet much could be gained if people felt free to discuss the natural biological process of perspiration without fear of judgment or reproach. When we perspire in a far infrared sauna, we help our bodies rid themselves of the countless toxins like mercury, lead, cadmium and other contaminants that have accumulated within us over time. As well, by intensely sweating in a far infrared sauna we benefit our hearts, lungs, kidneys and other organs that are essential to our survival.
Far infrared sauna bathing has also been proven to promote pain relief, muscle relaxation, and emotional tranquility.A For people suffering from certain skin diseases, far infrared sauna bathing can be particularly therapeutic. As the far infrared heat induces an increase in blood circulation to the skin, the bodya€™s defence against chronic skin conditions like acne, eczema and psoriasis is considerably bolstered. As well, thorough sweating helps unclog the skin of whatever unhealthy remnants of soap, lotions, deodorants or makeup may be unnecessarily lodged in its pores. Dead skin cells are also effectively flushed away by a good sweat in a far infrared sauna.A Increased blood flow and decreased toxins and foreign material in our skin mean more natural nutrients and fewer reasons for irritations and disease. Elasticity, texture, tone and color can all noticeably improve after just a few sessions in a far infrared sauna.
These benefits are available even if your skin has suffered harsh damage from excessive exposure to the sun.A You dona€™t have to talk about perspiration if you dona€™t want to.
If you live a mostly sedentary lifestyle and therefore dona€™t perspire much on a regular basis, you must take action for the sake of the health of your heart, lungs, skin and other vital organs. People face stress at home, at work, at school a€“ anywhere opportunities to react to internal or external stimulation exist.A That stimulation can come from a disagreement with a spouse, a conflict with a co-worker, criticism from a teacher, bad news from a doctor, and so on. And the stimulation need not be negative; people often become stressed when they start new jobs or enter into new relationships. Even a big, surprise win at the casino can cause stress.A A little stress isna€™t necessarily a bad thing. Stress during a job interview can help you give the best answers to the people asking the tough questions.
These hormones are not harmful in moderate amounts, but cortisol is secreted excessively in response to chronic stress and is extremely toxic in these larger amounts.A a€?Cortisol actually kills and disables your brain cells,a€? says Dr.
Chronic exposure to cortisol causes the mental haziness, forgetfulness and confusion that is associated with aging.a€?A People under stress may also be at higher risk of developing coronary heart disease.
Stress causes arteries to constrict and blood to become stickier, increase the probability of an artery-clogging blood clot. As well, people who regularly experience sudden increases in blood pressure caused by stress may, over time, develop injuries in the inner lining of their blood vessels.A Studies suggest that chronic stress may increase a persona€™s chances for developing infections, having strokes, experiencing flare ups of multiple sclerosis, and suffering gastrointestinal problems like peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease. Chronic stress has also been linked to the development of insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes.
And ask anybody who has ever suffered from headaches, insomnia, skin disorders or sexual dysfunction if they believe that stress was at least partly to blame for their woes, and then construct your own conclusions about how damaging stress can be to onea€™s health and well being.A If you think you have a serious condition that has been caused or made worse by certain stressors in your life, you should discuss your concerns with a qualified physician. If, however, youa€™d like to improve the quality of your life by learning how to better cope with stress, many options exist. Perhaps your first focus should be on discovering the remarkable benefits of relaxation.Relaxation decreases blood pressure, respiration and pulse rates, releases muscle tension, and eases emotional strains.
In their quests for greater relaxation, some people choose biofeedback while others opt for massage therapy. Studies indicate that soaking in a hot sauna bath can help improve respiratory function, increase cardiovascular strength, reduce and remove body toxins, strengthen the bodya€™s immune system, relieve headaches, and cleanse and beautify skin.
Sauna bathing can also increase blood circulation, relaxing tight, tired or aching muscles by providing them with more oxygen.A If youa€™re searching for a healthy way to alleviate the stress in your life, consider purchasing a home sauna. Residential saunas are available in a range of styles and sizes, from pre-cut Finnish sauna kits to outdoor barrel saunas and far infrared heat therapy rooms. Seemingly ubiquitous advertisements and TV commercials for antiperspirants continue to convince generations of consumers that perspiration is an undesirable, offensive bodily function. While no one would dispute that sweat can be quite unwelcome in important social and business situations, it would be imprudent not to acknowledge the necessity of perspiration and understand the critical role it plays in human health.A Sweating is an essential function of the human body, as essential as eating, breathing and sleeping. Skin is sometimes called a€?the third kidneya€? for this very reason.A Your body eliminates various toxins through a variety of metabolic processes, one being urination and another being perspiration. The kidneys filter waste materials from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. The temperature in a traditional Finnish sauna is usually between 180 and 200 degrees Fahrenheit (80 and 95 degrees Celsius).
The two types of sauna operate differently, but, at their respective temperature ranges, working up a sufficient sweat in either type should be achievable for even the most inexperienced sauna bather.A Using high heat to induce perspiration has a great number of benefits. In addition to decreasing the amount of toxins and heavy metals, such as cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc, in your body, an intense sweat bath in a sauna can help cleanse it of other impurities like cholesterol, nicotine, sodium, and sulfuric acid. By improving blood circulation, regular sauna bathing can help draw the skina€™s own natural nutrients to the surface, leading to better tone, texture and elasticity. Thata€™s why sauna bathing is being increasingly included in high-intensity treatment programs for skin ailments like acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Some beauty specialists in Europe even claim the sauna can be quite a powerful weapon in the war against cellulite.A As beneficial and therapeutic as sweating in a soothing hot sauna may be, however, it is imperative that bathers not allow the experience to dehydrate them.
As well, be sure to discuss your plans and expectations with your personal physician before you take to the sauna for the first time, as he or she should know of any existing conditions or limitations that pertain specifically to your health and might impact your sauna use.A As for all those advertisements and TV commercials that say sweating is bad, forget about them, and start doing what you know is best for your health.



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