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Author: admin | 20.01.2015 | Category: Relieve Tinnitus

How to cite this article Cevette MJ, Barrs DM, Patel A, Conroy KP, Sydlowski S, Nelson BNNGA, Stepanek J, et al. Background: Recent studies in noise-induced and idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss have suggested that magnesium supplementation may lessen both hearing loss and the severity of tinnitus in patients. Descriptions of tinnitus date back to the time of ancient Egypt, yet science has failed to unravel the mysterious underlying mechanisms that produce these subjective auditory perceptions of sound. Despite these encouraging findings, no controlled study has examined the effect of magnesium supplementation for patients with moderate to severe tinnitus. Between March 6 and December 10, 2008, patients aged 18 years or older who were seen for an audiological evaluation at Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona, and who had a Tinnitus Distress Rating (TDR) scale score from 3 through 8 (Figure 1) were eligible for the study. Participants were given a daily magnesium supplement, 532 mg (Mg Plus Protein, 133-mg tablets; Miller Pharmacal Group, Carol Stream, Illinois). The primary outcome measures were comparisons of TDR scale scores and THI scores as converted to TSS grades at baseline and the end of the study. The present study indicated that subjects showed significant improvement in their self-rating of tinnitus with a magnesium supplement of 532 mg daily for 3 months. Many Americans do not understand the importance of magnesium in the same way they understand calcium or iron, for instance. Tinnitus, or a constant, high-pitched ringing in the ears is common symtom of magnesium deficiency, as is hearing loss. The link between low magnesium levels and depression was understood over a century ago, when doctors would use it to treat this mental health disorder. As previously discussed, low magnesium levels can have an effect on muscles throughout the body and this includes the heart muscles. Many people believe that kidney stones are caused by an excess of calcium, but in fact it is a lack of magnesium that is the culprit. If experiecing any of these symptoms, consulting with a healthcare practitioner is a good idea.
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Further epidemiological evidence indicates that all age groups of Americans fall short of the recommended daily allowance for magnesium by 100 mg daily. These perceptions may be manifestations of damage resulting from noise exposure, ototoxicity, or other abnormal conditions of the auditory system. Additionally, no study to date has examined self-reported tinnitus severity before and after magnesium supplementation. The TDR was adapted from an existing pain scale, with the subject rating him- or herself between 0 (no tinnitus) to 10 (worst possible tinnitus). The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory is a 25-item self-report questionnaire that the patient can complete in about 10 minutes. A review by the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases indicated that daily magnesium supplementation at the level of 532 mg was benign for heart patients whose kidney function was normal.
After beginning magnesium supplementation, the participants rated themselves daily for 3 months using the TDR. The data collected for each participant included informed consent, sex, date of birth, hearing threshold at 8 frequencies (250, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, 6,000, and 8,000 Hz), weekly diaries of daily TDR ratings of tinnitus, THI questionnaires at baseline and the end of the study, dates of first and last dose of magnesium, number of tablets used, reason for discontinuation, and adverse events.
Of these, 2 patients (8%) discontinued the study because of adverse events and subsequently had no follow-up data. Change in tinnitus rating in 26 patients from baseline to 3 months after treatment with magnesium. In fact, significant improvement in the TDR occurred as early as 1 month into the study, suggesting that benefit of magnesium supplementation occurred early in treatment and was sustained throughout the 3 months of the study. Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. PhD, Department of Otolaryngology, Section of Audiology - Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale - AC - United States. MD, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery - Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale - United States. AuD, Department of Otolaryngology, Section of Audiology - Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale - United States.


AuD, Section of Audiology - Cleveland Clinic Head and Neck Institute - Cleveland - United States. BS, Department of Otolaryngology, Section of Audiology - Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale - United States.
MD, Division of Preventive, Occupational and Aerospace Medicine - Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale - United States. Nonetheless, adequate magnesium levels are crucial for brain, cardiac and muscle function and it is needed, along with silica and Vitamins D and K to promote bone health. There are have been a number of studies done on the relationship between ear health and sufficient magnesium levels.
Without it, the body would be in a state of convulsion, because it is this mineral that allows the muscles to relax.
Modern science has backed this up, with a study at a psychiatric hospital in Croatia finding that many attempted suicide patients had severely low levels of this important mineral. Insufficient magnesium can induce a condition known as a cardiac arrhythmia, in which the heart fails to beat regularly and this, in turn, can cause a greater risk for complications like heart attacks and strokes. Magnesium prevents the formation of these stones by inhibiting the binding of calcium with oxalate, the two compounds which make up these stones.
It is also wise to follow a diet which includes foods like okra, sunflower or pumpkin seeds, almonds, soy or black beans, cashews and spinach as these are all natural magnesium sources.
We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine any potential benefit in lessening the severity of tinnitus in patients taking supplemental magnesium.
However, many individuals have idiopathic tinnitus for which no specific cause can be determined. For example, the putative magnesium mechanism within the auditory system involves a metabolic cellular cascade of events.
The purpose of this study was to examine any potential lessening of the severity of tinnitus in patients receiving magnesium supplementation. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Tinnitus Severity Scale (TSS) (Table 1), developed by McCombe et al. A review by the Mayo Pharmacy indicated that there were no major drug interactions with magnesium at the levels of the current protocol. Differences in TDR scores before and after supplementation were compared to determine any effect of supplementation on a participant's self-rated tinnitus.
The adverse event data included the date of onset and whether the adverse event led to premature discontinuation of the intervention.
The THI was measured at the time of discontinuation if a patient discontinued the study before 3 months. Magnesium deficiency is more common than many people suspect, and below are 5 warning signs that could indicate a deficiency in this important mineral. In one Chinese study, it was found that magnesium in sufficient quantities will prevent the formation of the free radicals that can lead to hearing loss.
That is why, for instance, a magnesium oxide drip is used to ease women in labor and why magnesium is found in so many sleep-inducing supplements. One advantage of magnesium over traditional antidepressants is the lack of side effects sometimes associated with these medications. That is why, for instance, doctors at the Henry Low Heart Center in Connecticut treat their arrhythmia patients with a medication which contains magnesium. Kidney stones can be excruciatingly painful, so it is good to know that something as simple as magnesium supplementation can prevent them! Research Design: The study was a single-arm, open-label, before-and-after study of oral magnesium (532 mg per day) in 26 patients for 3 months.
Although often presenting in conjunction with hearing loss, the magnitude of hearing loss does not necessarily correspond with the severity of tinnitus.
Specifically, magnesium deficiency leads to increased permeability of the calcium channel in the hair cells with a consequent over-influx of calcium, an increased release of glutamate via exocytosis, and overstimulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors on the auditory nerve fibers. In addition, all participants completed another THI after 3 months of magnesium supplementation.


The mean hearing thresholds and mean TDR scores before and after treatment were assessed using a paired t test. For the subjects lost to follow-up, we assumed for the purposes of this analysis that there was no benefit from treatment. Effect of various serotoninergically induced manipulations on audiogenic seizures in magnesium-deficient mice. Influence of dietary magnesium on the amplitude of wave V of the auditory brainstem response.
Guidelines for the grading of tinnitus severity: the results of a working group commissioned by the British Association of Otolaryngologists, Head and Neck Surgeons, 1999.
In a study at the Mayo Clinic, it was found that treating patients who had experienced hearing loss with magnesium supplementation often helped restore that loss within three months. A lack of sufficient magnesium, therefore, can lead to facial tics, muscle cramping and twitching or cramping of the feet while trying to sleep.
Tinnitus severity was evaluated and recorded daily by the patient using the Tinnitus Distress Rating (TDR) scale of 0 (no tinnitus) to 10 (worst possible tinnitus). Recent studies of both noise-induced hearing loss and idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss have suggested that magnesium supplementation may lessen the severity of tinnitus in patients.
The THI scores were converted to the grades of the TSS for the purpose of categorizing the numeric values of the THI into a reliable 5-item grading scheme. These participants were included because if noncompleters doing poorly enough to drop out were not analyzed, then selection bias would be likely. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) was administered before and at the end of the study, and scores were converted to the grades of the 5-item Tinnitus Severity Scale (TSS).
This relationship suggests these processes may be linked by underlying imbalances at the level of the hair cell.
Magnesium improved hearing recovery and lessened tinnitus in patients with idiopathic sudden hearing loss (Gordin et al., 2002). Therefore, subjects with no follow-up were treated as though they had no improvement and were included in the analysis. The purpose of this phase 2 study was to investigate whether the treatment was effective at all, and, as such, a placebo control was not performed. The possible influence of magnesium and its antagonist, calcium, has been discussed in the literature as a contributing factor in the mitigation of noise-induced hearing loss, ototoxicity, and the hyperexcitability of the auditory system (Cevette et al., 2003). Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. All data were collected at Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona, between March 6 and December 10, 2008.
Permanent and temporary changes in auditory function have been linked to nutritional deficiencies of magnesium. Based on the results of the present study, the authors have initiated a Phase 3 study using a placebo and double-blinding to control for factors unrelated to the magnesium supplementation.
There was no significant change in hearing thresholds from 250 Hz through 8,000 Hz for either ear during the duration of the study (Table 2). Data Collection and Analysis: The main outcome measures were mean TDR scale scores and THI scores as converted to TSS grades. There was a significant decrease in the severity of tinnitus for subjects on the basis of their THI responses (P=.03). Those patients whose THI scores translated to "slight" or greater grade on the TSS before the intervention showed a significant decrease in the severity of their tinnitus (P=.008) (Table 3). Figure 3 graphically represents the change in TDR in 26 patients from baseline to 3 months after treatment with magnesium. Conclusion: The results suggest that magnesium may have a beneficial effect on perception of tinnitus-related handicap when scored with the THI. After supplementation, by intention-to-treat analysis, 14 of 26 patients (54%) continued to have more than slight impairment; by analysis of patients who completed the study, only 7 of 19 patients (37%) had more than slight impairment.



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