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Advantech announced first half 2014 revenues of US$580 million, up 20% from the first half of 2013, with net profit of US$79 million, up 18.9% from the same period last year. ARBOR Technology suggests powering mobile POS as well as warehousing, transportation and medical applications with their new ARBOR Gladius 5 rugged IoT handheld. Handheld Group announced the compatibility of the Handheld Algiz 10X ultra-rugged tablet computer (see our review) and Spillman Technologies mobile integrated public safety software. Motorola Solutions announced Q2 2014 results with sales of $1.4 billion, down 7% from Q2 2013 primarily due to lower sales in North America, Asia Pacific and the Middle East. The Unitech PA700 is a rugged industrial handheld with a large 4.7-inch 1280 x 700 pixel high-res capacitive multi-touch display. Though Android dominates the smartphone market and has a very strong position in tablets, until now Google's OS platform was not available for desktops and conventional notebooks (the Chromebook with its limited offline functionality doesn't really count). Winmate's newly posted inventory management application video featuring their rugged M101B tablet. The latest Juniper Systems blog reports how a log scaler in Idaho became instrumental in saving lives in a big-rig accident that also involved a fierce fire, and how the log scaler's old Juniper Allegro CX rugged handheld, running Elecdata log scaling software, became partially melted, but still worked after the event (which had a good ending). Winmate announced that their rugged Panel PCs are now available with Intel "Haswell" 4th generation Core processors. Datalogic announced it is inaugurating its new 23,680-sf manufacturing operation in Brazil, their first in Latin America. The Streetsboro Gateway News reports that the Streetboro police department will get Getac F110 tablets for its police cruisers. ADLINK Technology, which provides cloud-based services, intelligent gateways, and embedded building blocks for Internet of Things (IoT) projects, announced its sponsorship of the Cornell University Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (CUAUV) team's entry into the 17th Annual International RoboSub Competition held at the Space and Naval Warfare Command Research facility in San Diego, CA. Panasonic's Toughpad FZ-M1 is a fully rugged Intel Core i5-based Windows tablet with a 1280 x 800 pixel 7-inch IPS capacitive multi-touch display that can handle gloves and liquids. Those nice, friendly people at Juniper Systems in Logan, Utah, can be really mean and twisted when it comes to testing their own rugged handhelds. Microsoft Global Security (MSGS) officers spent too much time monitoring and enforcing parking policies on Microsoft corporate campuses. Datalogic announced preliminary sales revenues for Q2 2014 of 115.8 million Euro, roughly the same as they were for Q2 of 2013.
Motion Computing announced that Western Farmers Electric Cooperative (WFEC) has improved operational accountability and reporting by extending its Esri geospatial information system (GIS) into the field onto Motion Rugged Tablets with Blue Dot Mobile Field Service Solutions.
Winmate announced the addition of several new wide-screen products into their Intel Bay Trail-based Panel PC lineup.
With the DLI 9008, Data Ltd offers a remarkably light and handy, yet still rugged, Intel Bay Trail-powered tablet computer primarily intended for retail and hospitality deployment. Datalogic added the Elf Healthcare PDA, which clads the (otherwise mostly unchanged) legacy Elf electronics into a chemically resistant plastic enclosure that won't get harmed by most major cleaning agents.
Xplore Technologies announced that it has secured its first purchase order of more than half a million dollars for its Bobcat tablets from a leading U.S. Motorola Solutions reports that Troy Design & Manufacturing, a Ford Motor Company subsidiary, is using Motorola FX9500 fixed RFID readers and AN200 RFID antennas integrated with Lowry Solutions work-in-process manufacturing software, TDM's "hands-off" RFID solution tracks vehicles from the moment they enter their cells and monitors and guides each step of its more than 150 daily vehicle conversions. In its latest mailing, Curtis-Wright Defense Solutions suggests jump-starting any technology upgrade program with the rugged DuraCOR mission computers from their Parvus division in Salt Lake City, Utah. Mi-Corporation, which is best known for its enterprise-class e-forms, announced that Doyle Security Systems is realizing significant expense control and productivity gains following the first four months using its new digital sales order entry system.
Juniper Systems' GetRugged blog usually concentrates on specific applications and how-to posts, as opposed to more general contemplations. ABI Research estimates that the number of developers involved in Internet of Things (IoT) activities will reach 1.7 million globally by the end of 2014. In their blog, MobileDemand lists Eight Reasons Why Route Sales Personnel Need a Rugged Tablet, and also reports on the rugged PC use by Ben E. JLT Mobile Computers, developer of rugged computers for demanding environments, is celebrating 20 years of delivering rugged computers by awarding the customer of its 90,000th computer with a specially extended 20-Year Service Agreement. Motorola Solutions introduced the third generation of one of the industry's most successful mid-range rugged mobile computers. The Gammatech Durabook S15H, successor to the company's earlier Durabook S15C, is a 6.6-pound notebook computer designed to be tougher and more durable than standard consumer notebooks, but without the extra size, weight and cost of a fully rugged design. Panasonic has expanded its relationship with Hendrick Motorsports with a new multi-year agreement that includes primary sponsorship of the No.
Even professional users of rugged laptops, tablets and smartphones, are sometimes unsure of what defines a "rugged computer" and how the various tests to validate ruggedness are carried out.
ADLINK Technology has released the NEON-1040 next-gen rugged camera as part of their ADLINK Vision platform. North Central Emergency Medical Services Cooperative (NCEMSC) has awarded Milwaukee based, TKK Electronics, with a major national contract for providing information technology which includes the Getac line of rugged computers. Every now and then we need to mention some of the truly useful gadgets that come into our lab, that we end up using all the time, and that a lot of our readers out there could probably use, too.
Another Advantech industrial board for embedded systems we reviewed is their tiny (95 x 95 mm) SOM-6894 COM Express Compact module that can be used with a variety of Intel 4th generation Core processors and drive up to three independent displays. Smith Micro announced the release of two new QuickLink Mobility solutions targeted for enterprises and public safety agencies. It's always been our belief that docks should be just as rugged and well-sealed as the devices they are being used for.
Panasonic announced an Intel "Bay Trail" Celeron N2807-powered version of the FZ-M1 7-inch rugged Windows tablet as a more affordable alternative to the standard FZ-M1 (see here). NEXCOM announced it has upgraded its APPC series of rugged industrial panel PCs to the Intel Atom E3800 family of processors. Magellan NAV 1000 shipped in May 1989 and revolutionized marine navigation with its handy size, portability, price and low power consumption.
Juniper Systems' Mesa Rugged Notepad is being used with Turner Industries' MobileOps software solution for preventive maintenance.
CipherLab announced it will exhibit at the FMI Connect 2014 show at McCormick Place, Chicago, June 10-13, 2014 at booth 3864.
Juniper Systems reports it is headed to ACE14, the American Water Works Association's (AWWA) annual conference and exposition from June 8 a€“ 11. The Handheld Group's rugged Nautiz X4 is a multi-purpose data collection mobile computer with integrated keypad and industrial-grade scanner options. Motion Computing announced Thames Water Utilities Limited will standardize on the Motion F5 Tablet PC for its above ground asset management, maintenance and field service operations. Hundreds of millions of tablets and smartphones have spoiled users who now want sleek state-of-the-art consumer technology out there in the field as well. Datalogic announced it has deployed more than 600 Datalogic mobile computers for automotive safety systems manufacturer, Autoliv, across their European plants. Motorola Solutions announced the expansion of its portfolio of Android-based enterprise mobile computers with the availability of the TC55 touch computer for the Verizon network, along with new options for Google Mobile Services. If you have employees in the field performing maintenance, inspections, or installation of appliances, equipment, homes, machinery and more, you want a fast and safe way to collect payments once the job is complete without the hassle of paper invoices?
Getac announced it has upgraded its flagship X500 ultra rugged notebook and X500 rugged mobile server. Polymer electrolytes and foil packages shrink the coming crop of Li-Ion cells, while improvements to chargers and power adapters enhance these components.
Power-management issues are fundamental concerns in the design of portable electronic equipment. Android and Apple's iOS, saw their combined market share swell to 96.4% for the quarter, leaving little space for competitors.
Spillman serves more than 70,000 public safety professionals across the United States, including police departments, sheriffa€™s offices, communication centers, fire departments and correctional facilities. Whereas Motorola Solutions used to break down financials into Government and Enterprise segments, the sale of the Enterprise business to Zebra Technologies in a $3.45 billion all-cash transaction means that from now on Motorola Solutions will report sales broken into Products and Services. That has now changed with the new HP SlateBook, a full-function, quad-core Tegra 4-powered notebook with a 14-inch 1920 x 1080 pixel 10-point multi-touch screen, and running Android 4.3. RhoMobile is a set of application development tools for creating OS- and device-agnostic enterprise-class mobile apps that now offers per-developer subscription pricing in an effort to allows developers to compare plans and use RhoMobilea€™s framework to deliver enterprise-class mobile applications without restrictions.
The CS4070, which has a full-shift battery, can easily pair with in-room computers, laptops, tablets and workstations-on-wheels. This article describes the past and current situation of touch in rugged tablet computers, and why the technology employed by Panasonic in the FZ-M1 is so relevant.
Located in Jundiai in the state of SA?o Paulo, the plant assembles selected Automatic Data Capture product lines. It's a small deployment, but a spokesman's argument for tablets instead of notebooks is interesting: "There is not much change at this point in how the officers interact with the tablet vs. The CUAUV's Gemini submarine is powered by ADLINK's Express-HL COM Express computer-on-module with a 4th gen quad-core Intel Corea„? i7 processor.
And they even document their cruel and unusual treatment of their fine technology that surely deserves better than beaten up, clubbed, stepped on, scratched, tossed and run over.
To address this challenge, MSGS worked with IRSA Video to customize an automated License Plate Recognition solution.
To improve the quality and reduce errors in these systems, Automotive OEMs and suppliers are requiring good diagnostic tools to detect and discover any failures which appear in automotive systems. Motion and WFEC will share details on the successful project at the Esri International Users Conference July 14-18 in San Diego.
We examined the cost-efficient Advantech MIO-5271 that comes with a choice of two haswell processors (Celeron 2980U or Core i5-4300U). The Windows Embedded Handheld 6.5-based Elf Healthcare PDA is equipped with the Datalogic patented "Green Spot" and a vibrating alert providing good read feedback while avoiding noisy beeps. They include a move to a quicker 4th gen Intel "Haswell" Core i5, Windows 8.1 Pro, better battery life (up to 10 hours), an optional bridge battery, improved multi-touch that can handle rain and gloves, optional self-encrypting drives, a much higher resolution camera (8mp vs. Plant floor operations are much more fluid with reliable automated data capture, and the system is providing further insights into the facilitya€™s conversion capabilities. Externally virtually identical but with slightly different electronics, both versions have 14-hour hot-swappable batteries, FIPS 140-2 Level 1 security, and sunlight-readable HD capacitive 1280 x 720 pixel touchscreens that work with gloves. The company stresses how the modular, COTS-based, subsystems eliminate NRE costs and reduce time-to-deployment. Doyle Security Systems had successfully moved its entire paper-based sales order entry system to a digital system using Mi-Forms mobile forms software on iPads.
The latest entry is no exception, explaining Futura Systems' GPSStaker, a new pole staking application. The size of the ecosystem is expected to exceed 3 million developers in 2019, approximately 10% of all software developers.
There are various near, far and long-range laser and imager options, a 6-foot drop spec, IP65 sealing, pistol grip, etc., making the 9700 an interesting candidate for all sorts of new and legacy applications. It reflects the quality built into every single PC the company manufactures, with many of the very first models still being used today. The Bobcat, which starts at US$2,199, adds a formerly missing piece that further broadens and expands Xplore's reach in the rugged market. It's a very solid, trust-inspiring machine with a large 15.6-inch wide-format display, good connectivity, and good day-to-day functionality.
24 team of four-time NASCAR Sprint Cup Series champion and current points leader Jeff Gordon. A truly rugged computer is so much more than just a normal computer wrapped in a tough outer case, as Handheld's CEO Jerker Hellström explains in this article.
NCEMSC is a group of more than 3,800 emergency medical services (EMS) organizations in 49 states and several international provinces. Our review board came with the low-end (but still part of Haswell) Celeron 2980U and gave us an opportunity to see how its performance compares to both high end Core as well as older Atom configurations.
QuickLink Mobile VPN for Android and QuickLink Unified Connection & Security Manager for Windows 8.1 provide flexibility and control to expand mobile security and connectivity to a variety of mobile devices beyond legacy Windows-based platforms. That's what RAM Mounts offers with their new RAM docking station for the Harris RF-3590 rugged Android tablet. The Atom E3800 is part of Intel's Bay Trail lineup and consists of single, dual, and quad core embedded SoCs, based on Ivy Bridge Intel HD graphics. There weren't high-res maps that you could zoom and pan back then; the NAV 1000 just provided the user with an LCD readout of latitude and longitude expressed in degrees and minutes. It's for storage, but the warehouse is also inherently one of the most mobile environments.
Ciperlab will show how their dedicated OS handheld can help with Intelligent Order Entry solutions or a Telxon replacement solution.
Held in Boston, Massachusetts, ACE14 (see conference page) is a high-traffic attraction for professionals and vendors in the water industry.
The F5 was chosen as the clear favorite in user testing with 86% preferring the Motion device over two alternatives.
As Autoliv aims to reduce traffic accidents and injuries with their products and systems, the company needed to optimize efficiency in production line and warehouse operations with state-of-the-art technology, fast operation, ease of use and robustness.
The Standard Configuration comes with GMS, which includes Google Maps, Gmail, the Google Play store, Google Search, Google Talk, and the Chrome browser.
By incorporating 4th-generation "Haswell" Intel Core processors and related technology, as well as discrete nVidia graphics options, the new X500 versions now offer state-of-the-art performance, an enormous benefit to the technologically advanced military and industrial customers who rely on speed and efficiency when working in some of the world's harshest and most demanding work environments. Though the case study is primarily about deploying Microsoft Office 365 ProPlus to the 3,400 employees of the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department, the project also included providing patrol officers with rugged tablet PCs running Windows 8.1. The introduction of Linux to the Yuma 2 tablet enables the mobile use of a wide variety of free and open source applications. The solid state cache is designed to accelerate the system response experience and not utilized as additional storage capacity. They are amazingly fast in terms of processing capabilities powered by latest Microsoft Windows 8.Even thinner than the 13 inch Apple Macbook air. The following information has been compiled to help spread the good news with the hope of placing more people onA the path to greater health, relaxation and happiness. They affect all elements that make a design portable, influencing device performance, run time, size, and weight. In fact, Android alone accounted for 255 million devices, dwarfing even Apple's 35 million. Philip Sassower, Chairman and CEO of Xplore, said, "We are extremely pleased with the year-over-year revenue growth of 41%.
The IP65-sealed device can handle 4-foot drops, has a wide operating temperature range, and was designed to meld contemporary smartphone functionality and ease of use with industrial-grade data capture and durability.
Security officers interact with the system through the Getac B300 Ultra Rugged Notebook that runs IRSA-authored client software on Windows 8.1.
Each size screen is available in one of Winmate's three housing options: IP65 front-sealed, chassis or panel mount, or open frame.
Note the innovative 5-in-1 module that attaches to the back of the tablet and offers scanning, RFID, MSR, keypad, and smart card reading.
With the Core i5, the 5.7 x 4 inch board has performance comparable to a high-end rugged mobile tablet or notebook. The railroad selected the fully-rugged Bobcat to help achieve cost savings and increased mobility in its yard operations by consolidating from a two-device model to a one device operation.
This is certain to have a massive impact on the rugged computing and embedded systems markets. Its PICMG 1.3 compliant design based on half-size SHBs and SHB backplanes offers desktop PC functionality in a passive backplane implementation optimized for more demanding environments such as industrial automation, but also military, medical and telecom applications.
Smith Micro said that in many industries where field equipment must be ruggedized, demand for smaller form factors is driving rapid replacement of larger laptops to ruggedized Windows 8.1 and Android tablets and smartphones.
Weighing just 2.5 pounds, the dock carries an IP65 ingress protection rating and can be mounted in numerous ways. VDC reported that rugged mobile device shipments were US$5.4 billion in 2008, and predicted a bleak 10% decrease for 2009.
In Booth #658, Juniper will show its rugged handheld computers, preferred by water professionals for their ultra-ruggedness and reliability. RuggedPCReview examined the Nautiz X4 in detail and found it to be a small and handy mobile computer well suited for reliable and efficient data capture and data communication tasks in the field, and one that fits right into most enterprise infrastructures.
The tablets will be rolled out as part of a phased introduction this summer to replace a fleet of legacy handhelds.
In order to achieve this, Autoliv chose to deploy Datalogic Falcon X3, Skorpio X3 and Memor mobile computers to work with the new SAP system. RUGGEDBOOK will show four exciting new rugged Windows tablets based on state-of-the-art Intel Bay Trail and Haswell technology (for sneak previews, see Rugged Tablet PC 358, 751, 760, and 770).
The Professional Configuration does not include GMS and prevents Google data gathering of user location, keypad entries and search activities while providing customers with control of application and OS upgrades.
And those tablets were Getac V110s, prominently featured in the YouTube video accompanying the case study. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. While power management encompasses many aspects of circuit design relating to power conversion and consumption, the topic always leads back to the power source—typically a battery.
Revenue in all major regions grew, with the largest percentage increases in Europe and Asia Pacific. It's not a rugged product, but Android availability on desktops and laptops may change everything.
Winmatea€™s next generation 8.4a€? tablet running Windows 7 was the perfect tool for the job. The original FZ-G1 scored some of the best benchmark numbers we'd seen, and these tech upgrades make it even quicker. The blog post explains how it works, and why Juniper's Archer 2 is the perfect hardware platform to run it on. 24 team in two Sprint Cup races annually and as an associate-level partner in all other events.
We reviewed the Getac PS535F and reported that Getac expected to be the #2 rugged PC vendor by 2012. The tablet, running Windows 8, will run Thames Watera€™s SAP and ClickSoftware asset and field management systems. There's USB 3.0, a microSD card reader, mini DisplayPort, and a cover that's also a keyboard. Other Linux distributions or releases are available by request, with volume commitment or engineering payment.
Using a far infrared sauna can help strengthen the bodya€™s immune system by stimulating increased production of white blood cells by the bone marrow and killer T-cells by the thymus.A 2.
The portable device's performance depends heavily on the capabilities of available battery types, which very often are secondary (or rechargeable) cells.
What it all means is that Motorola Solutions will more or less return to its root business of radio and communications products and services, whereas the acquired Symbol and Psion rugged mobile computing operations go to mobile printer maker Zebra. It will mark the first on-car branding for Panasonic since joining Hendrick Motorsports as a technology partner in 2007. As a result, a rugged PC mounted on a forklift can set you apart, says MobileDemand CEO Matt Miller. The Surface Pro 3, which starts at US$799 (but goes as high as US$1,949 for a loaded model) has a pen which, interestingly, is from N-Trig and not Wacom (N-trig also replaces Atmel for the Surface 3's touch capabilities).
Far infrared rays improve blood circulation, stimulate endorphins, lower lactic acid, kill certain bacteria and parasites, and burn calories. This brings to an end Motorola's attempts in mobile computing that included such interesting projects as the mid-1990s Marco and Envoy handhelds and the Forte CommPad rugged tablet. Scroll touchpad is very responsive providing a very smooth scrolling and fast tracking.Very Expensive prices starting from 999$. Proponents of hyperthermia, also known as fever therapy, maintain that using far infrared energy to therapeutically induce higher body temperatures helps fight infections and even cancer.
Their argument is supported by the human body itself, which radiates infrared energy for the benefits of warmth and tissue repair.A 3. These batteries have found their way into cell phones, pagers, camcorders, PDAs, notebook computers, power tools, and a variety of other applications.
Choosing from among the three chemistries is very often a tradeoff between size, performance, and cost (Table 1).
This is the heat you feel penetrate your skin when you stand in the sun and miss when you walk into the shade. When minimizing the size and weight of the battery is paramount, though, high energy density makes Li-ion the chemistry of choice. When people do not receive adequate amounts of far infrared heat, they often can become ill or depressed.A 4. Far infrared saunas are recognized by health practitioners worldwide as perhaps the most effective method of removing both chemical and heavy metal toxins from the body. Far infrared saunas are thought to be 7 times more effective at detoxifying heavy metals such as mercury, aluminium, and other environmental toxins than conventional heat or steam saunas.
For many chronically ill patients as well as people who are well and wish to stay that way by reducing their toxic burden, the far infrared sauna is the detox method of choice.A 6. Bathing in a far infrared sauna in the early stages of a cold or flu has been known to stop the disease before symptoms occur.A 7. Far infrared heat can penetrate into the skin about an inch and a half to two inches deep and can have therapeutic benefits, such as helping to dissolve fat deposits under the skin.
Since toxins may be stored in the fat, the deep penetrating heat of a far infrared sauna can help eliminate them, especially toxins such as heavy metals and acidic compounds.A 8. The radiant heat of a far infrared sauna is efficient because it warms the sauna bather directly. The body absorbs as much as 93 percent of the heat, causing perspiration and producing a vast array of health benefits.A 9. Far infrared saunas can help clear cellulite, the gel-like lumps of fat, water and debris trapped in pockets beneath the skin.
Sony then developed the higher-capacity 18650 cell—now a popular size—as well as other cylindrical sizes tailored to various applications. European beauty specialists routinely incorporate daily far infrared sauna baths in programs to reduce cellulite.A 10.
Generally speaking, far infrared saunas are less expensive, easier to install, and require less maintenance than traditional saunas. They come in many sizes and are often quite portable, making them a great choice when limited space is available.A 11.
Cells that are 8 to 10 mm thick have become widely available, and it has been possible to obtain over 1000 mAh of capacity in a prismatic measuring 34 by 48 by 8 mm. Far infrared radiant heat provides all the healthy benefits of natural sunlight without any of the dangerous effects of solar radiation.A 12.


More recently, 6-mm cells have arrived—albeit with battery capacity closer to 700 mAh—to satisfy the requirements of thinner products. Far infrared saunas are more cleansing than conventional saunas because they are designed to generate more than two to three times the amount of perspiration.
Unlike in traditional saunas where temperatures range from 140 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit (60 to 105 degrees Celsius), the temperatures of far infrared saunas typically range from 100 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (38 to 60 degrees Celsius).A 14.
To achieve this goal, battery developers are optimizing existing Li-ion cell designs, which rely on a liquid electrolyte. They're also developing new Li-ion cells, commonly known as Li-polymer, which exploit a polymer-style electrolyte. This allows a person to perspire faster and to tolerate a longer period of time inside the sauna. Typical sessions in a far infrared sauna last 20 to 30 minutes and can be repeated to maximize the benefits.A 15. The lower heat range of far infrared saunas is safer for people with cardiovascular risk factors or fragile health because lower temperatures dona€™t dramatically elevate heart rate and blood pressure.A 16. Far infrared saunas have been used to treat sprains, bursitis, rheumatism, muscle spasms, neuralgia and hemorrhoids. The effects of toxin, chemical and pesticide poisoning can be greatly reduced by the far infrared saunaa€™s detoxification action. People who work with chemicals, as well as home gardeners who frequently use fertilizers and pesticides, are advised to use far infrared saunas on a regular basis.A 18.
Far infrared radiant heat is a form of naturally occurring energy that heats objects by direct light conversion. Direct light conversion warms only the object and does not raise the temperature of the surrounding free air.A 19.
The polymer electrolyte provides the required electrode stack pressure, so the metal can is no longer required and it becomes possible to enclose the cell in a foil pouch. A laminate of aluminum foil and plastic, the pouch occupies less space and weighs less than the metal can. Far infrared sauna use can help promote rebuilding of injured tissue by having a positive effect on the fibroblasts, the connective tissue cells necessary for the repair of injury.
The foil pouch permits greater room for active material, and it can be readily formed in a shape closely tailored to the space available in the application. It also can help increase growth of cells, DNA syntheses, and protein synthesis, all of which is necessary during tissue repair and regeneration.A 21.
In the electromagnetic spectrum, far infrared wavelengths measure between 5.6 and 1,000 microns.
Wavelengths of between 6 and 14 microns are believed to be the most beneficial to humans and other living things on Earth.A  The human palm emits far infrared wavelengths of between 8 and 12 microns.
Somewhere in the neighborhood of 4-mm thickness, the metal can begins to take up too much space.
The energy output from far infrared saunas so closely match the human bodya€™s radiant energy that nearly 93 percent of the saunaa€™s far infrared waves reach the skin.A 22. Above this value, cell makers can play tricks like squeezing the jelly roll into a smaller can. Far infrared sauna therapy has helped people with cardiovascular conditions such as congestive heart failure and angina. Examples include the 6-mm liquid Li-ion cells PolyStor plans to introduce this year (Table 2).
It enhances endothelial nitric oxide, lowering blood pressure and improving cardiovascular function.A 23. The radiant heat of far infrared saunas has been shown to be especially beneficial to people with sports injuries, fibromyalgia, arthritis, and other chronic pain conditions.A 24. There are some definite advantages to using far infrared sauna thermal heaters, such as no high heat claustrophobic reaction and better air circulation. Those steps associated with construction of a drawn metal can and its associated header are eliminated. Far infrared heaters heat the body, not the air, so a bather is more comfortable and cooler. Header assembly, laser welding the header to the can, sealing the can (with a ball welder) after the electrolyte fill, and shrink wrapping the can are no longer required. Far infrared saunas require 90 percent less electrical energy than conventional saunas, and no plumbing is required for a far infrared sauna.A 26.
A 20 to 30-minute session in a far infrared sauna has been touted to burn as many calories as a six-mile run.A 27.
According to Marc Juzkow, director of marketing at PolyStor, this great simplification of the packaging process will make it easier and less expensive to reconfigure the cell production line for cells of various sizes and shapes.
Far infrared saunas are now used in health facilities for a range of health problems such as menopause, ulcers, insomnia, asthma, bronchitis, ear infections, and allergies.A 28. You dona€™t have to worry about setting the sauna up on a waterproof floor or near plumbing, and you dona€™t have to worry about mildew.A 29. Unlike a traditional sauna, which requires a closed atmosphere to maintain heat levels required for therapeutic results, a far infrared sauna can be used with its door or window completely open if far infrared penetration is the only objective.A 30. Far infrared saunas benefit all your organs of elimination, from your lungs to your liver to your kidneys to your skin.A 31. Infrared light lies between the visible and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Infrared light has a range of wavelengths, just like visible light has wavelengths that range from red light to violet. Near infrared light is closest in wavelength to visible light, and far infrared light is closer to the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum. A far infrared sauna is usually warm within 10 or 15 minutes, whereas a conventional sauna can take more than an hour to reach optimal temperatures.A 33. Another option, although quite costly, is to use far infrared bulbs, which can provide warming and stimulating color therapy.A 34. In addition to hemlock, wood choices for far infrared sauna construction include basswood, birch, oak, poplar, spruce and western red cedar. When a wood type is stated to be hypoallergenic, it means that the wood contains minimal allergens and is therefore less likely to cause an allergic reaction. The company's bipolar stacked construction not only permits very thin dimensions, but also high-voltage output.
When far infrared heat penetrates a bathera€™s body, he or she can experience a refreshed mind, relaxed mood, reduction of aches and pains, improved metabolism, and systemic regularity leading to an overall feeling of wellness.A 37. In these designs, a proprietary separator material inserted between stacks lets the cathode of one stack and the anode of another be placed back to back (one above the other) in the stack.
Hemlock is a very strong wood that is quite able to withstand the heat of a far infrared sauna. It is also abundantly available, which means the end cost to the consumer is less than it might be for another wood type.A 38.
Far infrared radiation is believed to be the only antidote to excessive ultraviolet radiation.A 39. Others, such as those designed with the Bellcore method, rely instead on an electrolyte that doubles as a separator.
Certain alternative healing practices such as palm healing, a practice with some 3,000 years of tradition behind it in China, rely on the human bodya€™s ability to emit far infrared radiant energy.A 40. The separator provides electrical isolation between the anode and cathode, but it conducts the flow of ions between them. As a result, simplifications (or elimination) can be made to the in-pack battery protection circuitry. And weight gain, muscle loss, decreased libido, wrinkles in our skin, and a growing number of aches and pains are probably other distressing concerns.A Some people try to defy nature by undergoing cosmetic surgery, utilizing every a€?anti-aginga€? skin care product available, taking stress management or meditation courses, or relocating to less polluted areas. These actions may have merits worthy of consideration, but the fact remains that no one, no matter how determined he or she may be, can slow down the passage of time. We start aging even before we are born, and the process does not stop until the day we die.A While our efforts may not influence time itself, they can, however, affect how our bodies respond to and endure it.
Qualified health professionals agree, for example, that regular exercise and good nutrition can have a long-term positive impact on a persona€™s quality of life. As well, avoiding the dangerous ultraviolet rays of the sun is universally regarded as an effective way to help maintain healthy, youthful skin. And leta€™s not forget how quitting smoking has been shown to improve respiratory health and reduce the risk of cancer in many vital bodily organs.
A One activity that has been proven to be of great benefit to the lungs, heart, skin and other organs is far infrared sauna bathing. The rays from a far infrared sauna can help improve cardiovascular functioning, strengthen the bodya€™s immune system, reduce fat and cellulite, revitalize skin cells, improve muscle tone and strength, improve nutrition and production of brain chemicals, and much more.A Far infrared sauna bathing also helps to flush toxic chemicals, heavy metals and other destructive agents from our bodies. Juzkow explains that for 6-mm Li-ion cells to be accepted in the cell-phone application, they must provide more than 700 mAh of capacity. Exposure to this highly toxic substance can reportedly increase blood pressure and cause fertility problems, nerve disorders, muscle and joint pain, and memory or concentration difficulties. Yet 4-mm Li-polymer cells that fall short of this goal will be acceptable because they're so much lighter than liquid Li-ion models. Researchers have also linked lead exposure to Alzheimera€™s disease, a debilitating condition akin to dementia that most people associate with aging.A Various sources likewise suggest a connection between Alzheimera€™s disease and mercury, the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth. By definition, red is the color with the longest wavelengths of visible light, and violet is the color with the shortest wavelengths of visible light. Among the types of invisible light or electromagnetic radiation that reside outside of the optical spectrum are infrared radiation (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Translated from Latin, a€?infraa€? and a€?ultraa€? mean a€?belowa€? and a€?beyond,a€? respectively, so infrared radiation, or infrared light, is literally a€?below red,a€? and ultraviolet light is a€?beyond violet.a€?The German-born astronomer William Herschel discovered infrared light while living in England in 1800, about 20 years after his historic first sighting of the planet Uranus. Measuring the heat from the optical spectrum, Herschel observed that the temperature in the colors increased as he went from violet to red.
He also noticed that the temperature continued to increase beyond the color red, into a region of invisible light that Herschel named a€?infrared.a€?Infrared light is divided into three distinct segments with precise ranges of wavelength measured by microns. Consequently, the company feels confident in putting its liquid Li-ion cell in a laminate package. He says that by using this hybrid Li-ion technology, it's possible to build cells as thin as 1.5 mm in various footprints with some decrease in volumetric energy density in the very thin form factors. Far infrared light is sometimes called thermal radiation or thermal light, and its wavelengths measure between 5.6 and 1,000 microns.
The light or energy from sunlight and fire that we perceive as heat is far infrared.The far infrared radiation (FIR) emitted by the sun should not be confused with its deleterious ultraviolet radiation.
As Hasegawa explains, "It's not about polymer, it's about weight reduction and thinness." Nevertheless, hybrid approaches like NEC's are still considered stepping stones to true Li-polymer designs.
Chief among the consumer products utilizing the technology is the far infrared sauna or heat therapy room. And, the company intends to introduce Li-polymer cells that can compete favorably in performance with Li-ion.
A key attribute of far infrared light is its ability to heat an object directly without elevating the temperature of the air surrounding the object. This is called direct light conversion.A Direct light conversion is perhaps best demonstrated when youa€™re outside on a summer day and a big cloud moves in front of the sun. In the shade, you dona€™t feel as warm as when you were basking in the direct path of the suna€™s energy. In safety tests, this cell has survived a number of destructive conditions, including nail penetration, crushing, oven heating, short circuit, and overcharge.
Yet, by positioning itself between you and the sun, the cloud has blocked the suna€™s far infrared rays from reaching you. Thata€™s the reason you feel cooler even though the temperature of the air around you has not changed.A The value of far infrared light to human health and wellness must not be underestimated. The knowledge gained in the LT series will be put to use in developing the anticipated LY Li-polymer series. Penetrating as deeply as three inches into our bodies, far infrared rays improve blood circulation, stimulate endorphins, destroy certain bacteria and parasites, lower lactic acid, and burn calories.Advocates of hyperthermia, also known as fever therapy, contend that employing such deep-penetrating far infrared energy to therapeutically induce higher body temperatures helps combat infections and even cancer.
Their assertion is supported by the human body itself, which emits infrared energy for purposes of warmth and tissue repair.A Saunas have long been a tried, tested and true source of health benefits. For centuries, traditional saunas have helped to improve cardiovascular function, promote body detoxification, maintain general health, and foster greater relaxation in sauna bathers around the world. The ALB363562 is a 3.6-mm-thick Li-polymer cell that incorporates some Li-ion techniques, but details of its construction are sketchy. For many sauna enthusiasts, the traditional hot sauna a€“ the Finnish sauna a€“ remains the preferred route to renewed health and a rejuvenated spirit.A Sometimes called radiant heat saunas, soft heat saunas or heat therapy rooms, far infrared saunas offer most of the same benefits that traditional Finnish saunas do, but they do so at lower, more tolerable temperatures. It incorporates a lithium-cobalt-oxide cathode and a mesophase-pitch-based carbon fiber anode, which are said to be similar to the electrodes used in the company's standard Li-ion cells. While the air temperature in a typical Finnish sauna bath ranges from 170 to 200 degrees Fahrenheit (77 to 93 degrees Celsius), such temperatures arena€™t required in a far infrared sauna to induce optimal bather perspiration.A By penetrating the bathera€™s body and effecting a deep, satisfying heat of just 100 to 130 degrees Fahrenheit (38 to 55 degrees Celsius), the far infrared rays can create an enjoyably cleansing, detoxifying and revitalizing experience for the bather. As for the other aspects of its design, Ritch Russ, sales and marketing manager at Toshiba, indicates that it's "not completely gel and not completely liquid." Yet it still resembles the gel types, since it won't leak if it's cut. In fact, many sources claim that the volume of sweat produced during a far infrared sauna bath can be as much as three times greater than in a Finnish sauna bath.
The higher volume of sweat means a faster, more thorough, and thus more beneficial flushing of toxic chemicals and harmful heavy metals from the body.A Far infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth. As a result of its safety performance, Toshiba expects to eliminate the battery's protection circuit, which adds about $1 to the cost of each cell.
And now, with far infrared heat therapy rooms and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are wisely taking action to benefit from those rays and improve the quality of our own lives.A Benefits of Far Infrared Sauna UseThere are many benefits to be derived from proper and regular use of a far infrared sauna. However, new circuit architectures and trends are emerging to satisfy the Li-ion cell's demand for high-voltage accuracy (at least ±1% in the CV or "float" mode), while addressing the key considerations in charger design—heat management, size, and cost. They're also available as chip-based designs using Li-ion specific charging ICs from the likes of Maxim Integrated Products, Linear Technology, and Analog Devices. Li-ion battery chargers can be divided along the lines of circuit architecture (linear versus switcher versus pulse) and physical implementation (embedded versus external).
In a linear charger, output from the adapter goes to a simple linear regulator circuit that often provides the smallest and least expensive solution. Unfortunately, the linear charger's low efficiency can generate significant amounts of heat. Far infrared sauna bathing can improve autonomic functions of the nervous system.Further Applications of Far Infrared EnergyFar infrared saunas are just one example of the application of infrared energy in contemporary society.
This can pose a problem in a compact embedded design and force designers to adopt a low charging rate. Other uses of infrared energy have resulted in infrared hair dryers, infrared foot massagers, infrared pillows, infrared underwear, and even infrared leg wraps for horses. A switch-based charger costs more and requires more components, including a sometimes bulky inductor, but its high efficiency limits heat generation. There are far infrared ray-emitting paints and wallpaper that combat mold as well as fast-cooking far infrared ovens that reportedly kill E. Far infrared rays are being utilized to purify polluted air, promote growth in plants, keep newborn babies warm in hospitals, treat injured athletes, and even encourage new hair growth.Far Infrared Is Essential to LifeFar infrared rays are a fundamental, indispensable part of life on Earth. It sends a stream of high-current pulses to the battery until the end-of-charge voltage is reached. This method provides faster charging rates (greater than the usual 1-C rate) without generating much heat within the charger. And now, with far infrared saunas and other infrared applications becoming increasingly common, we humans are astutely taking steps to benefit from those remarkable rays and improve the quality of our own lives. An IC implementation offered by Maxim Integrated Products relies on the use of a current-limited wall-plug adapter to set the cell-charging current. Similarly, you may not pay much attention to far infrared saunas, but these fantastic devices offer health benefits that you may not be able to afford to ignore any longer.A As time progresses, it seems that the world is becoming an increasingly dangerous place. We live in an age of terrorist activities, nuclear weapons, dictatorships and religious fanaticism. Costly international conflicts show no sign of abating, and just about everyone feels more insecure and vulnerable than they did a decade ago. Even in our local neighborhoods, many of us worry about rising crime rates and growing threats to our personal safety.A And, as if those problems were not enough for us to worry about, many of us have major health issues with which we have no choice but to contend.
Not helping matters are all the poisons and contaminants that have found their way into our environment and into our bodies. Fortunately, though, we are not powerless against these mighty and malicious microscopic menaces. In fact, we can start doing something about them right now - we can start fighting back with far infrared sauna detoxification therapy.A Far infrared saunas are revered by scientists and health professionals around the world for their ability to help flush out many of the toxic chemicals, heavy metals and other destructive agents that have accumulated deep within the bloodstream, skin and other vital organs of people from all walks of life. Ed Myszka, director of strategy and business development at Motorola Energy Systems Group, Lawrenceville, Ga., notes a trend away from external charging systems toward integration of the charger within the portable device. For individuals affected by mercury toxicity, lead poisoning, and other life-threatening exposures, the far infrared sauna is often viewed as an essential component of detoxification therapy.A If you think that only people in high-risk occupations qualify for far infrared sauna detoxification therapy, youa€™re wrong. Myszka also points to an increasing use of switcher-based chargers as the costs of such solutions come down with advances in circuit integration.
Exogenous toxins, which can be absorbed through the skin, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract, are those not produced by the body itself, and examples include mercury, lead, zinc and cadmium. For one, many types of end-user equipment are being designed exclusively for use with Li-ion batteries, and the battery packs used are commonly application specific with shape, thickness, and connector styles tailored to a specific design. Sylver writes that a€?this category consists of waste produced by the body in the course of normal metabolic functioning and also pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) and the waste they excrete. For products such as notebook computers, this means the battery design may even change from one generation of product to the next. Another factor is that fewer battery packagers now offer compatible packaging across different chemistries. Also known as chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS), CFS was once commonly referred to as the a€?yuppie flua€? after about 200 people, most of whom were white, wealthy, young females, come down with a strange illness in 1984. National Institutes of Health claim that, for some people, chronic fatigue syndrome can first appear after a cold, bronchitis, hepatitis or an intestinal bug; for others, it can follow a bout of glandular fever. It also transfers some of the burden in obtaining safety and EMI approvals from the equipment vendor to the power-supply vendor, and it simplifies requalification of a product when changes are made outside the supply. CDC and CFIDS Association of America announced in 2001 that stress may exacerbate but most likely does not cause the disorder.A On the polemical subject of CFS prevalence, Dr. Buist asserts that toxins can impede muscle metabolism, causing the pain and fatigability of muscles felt by many fatigued people.A Addressing the Well Mind Association in Seattle, WA, Dr.
But switch-mode power adapters, with their smaller size, lighter weight, and greater efficiency, are gaining ground overall despite the fact they may cost more at the lower power levels.
Additionally, emerging standards for power-supply efficiency provide further motivation for adopting switch-mode adapters. The affected persona€™s detoxification system is clogged up or destroyed, they get a backlog of chemicals, and their immune system goes down.a€?A Dr. It also offers advantages such as a universal voltage input and more flexible packaging options.
Switchers can be made sleeker and less obtrusive, whereas linears are normally limited to a boxy shape because of their transformers.
Edelson and Deborah Mitchell, authors of What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Autoimmune Disorders, put it like this: a€?The hallmark of CFIDS is overwhelming, persistent, incapacitating fatigue that leaves those afflicted unable to carry on their normal physical functions.
Schmidt writes, a€?Researchers at Uppsala University Medical School in Sweden reported that patients with chronic fatigue contain abnormal levels of mercury within their cells. Of patients with chronic fatigue, 45 percent showed mercury hypersensitivity and 49 percent showed lead hypersensitivity. When the metal burden was removed from the body (in many cases, by removing mercury-containing silver dental fillings), 77 percent of patients reported improved health.a€?A If these conclusions are correct, how can sufferers retaliate after the damage of toxic build-up has manifested itself as chronic fatigue syndrome? According to Jim Schultz, executive vice-president of sales and marketing at EOS, such gains make it possible to replace a brick-sized linear supply that normally weighs 5 to 8 lb with a switch-mode version that weighs just 5 oz. Lyon recommend far infrared sauna therapy.A a€?For the chronic fatigue patient, a consistent program of infrared sauna therapy will assist the problem of autonomic dysregulation, which is common to the condition,a€? states Dr. For example, EOS reports that it achieves greater than 92% efficiency using a resonant-conversion switching technique. These symptoms are reduced, as regular sauna therapy induces normal autonomic functioning.A a€?Through extensive research, it has been shown that saunas greatly assist in the elimination of accumulated toxins,a€? Lyon adds.
These tools let power-supply designers simulate electrical, thermal, and EMI performance so they can fine-tune their designs.
It has become well known that people who take regular saunas (2-3 per week) reduce their incidence of colds and influenza by over 65% (a study by the British Medical Association).
A larger adapter design allows for better management of heat, which results in greater reliability. While many people use saunas primarily for relaxation and stress reduction, the other health benefits are increasing the popularity of saunas. To reduce the energy wasted by external power supplies that remain plugged in, the European Commission is drafting specifications for allowable standby power. In creating products for the European market, Willing advises designers to consider the current draft of specifications as guidelines (Table 4).
Although these guidelines are still at the committee level, a formal agreement is expected shortly. Barring improvements in the linears' efficiencies, these specifications should lead to a phasing out of linear-style power adapters in Europe. An often agonizing muscle disorder in which the thin film or tissue holding muscle together becomes thickened or tightened, fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal aches, pains and stiffness, soft tissue tenderness, mild to incapacitating fatigue, and disturbed sleep.A The pain of fibromyalgia is typically felt in the neck, back, shoulders and hands, but it is not exclusive to those areas.
Based on criteria set in 1990 by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), a diagnosis of fibromyalgia requires a patient to have experienced widespread pain for a minimum of three months in 11 of 18 tender muscle sites.
These advances, when combined with improvements in Li-ion batteries and associated charging circuitry, will help make portable equipment more portable while expanding the performance capabilities of these products. Among those 18 sites are the hips, knees and rib cage.A Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include allergies, anxiety, carpal tunnel syndrome, depression, dizziness, headaches, irritable bowel symptoms, numbness, and tender skin. Most sufferers of fibromyalgia are women of childbearing age, but it has also been known to strike men, children and the elderly.As for what causes fibromyalgia, many theories exist.
The Alternative Medicine Guide to Chronic Fatigue, Fibromyalgia and Environmental Illness states that a€?post-traumatic fibromyalgia is believed to develop after a fall, whiplash or back strain, whereas primary fibromyalgia has an uncertain origin.a€? However, in her book Detoxify or Die, Dr.
Nenah Sylver extols the sauna for its ability to increase cardiovascular activity and white blood cell, enzyme, and norepinephrine, beta-endorphin and possibly thyroxin production. As they, in turn, help to enhance circulation, increase waste removal and nutrient absorption, raise metabolism, and promote the elimination of toxins, foreign proteins and microbes, Dr. Sylver deems the aforementioned benefits of proper sauna use crucial in helping people with fibromyalgia.
She notes a€?there are actually very few health problems that cannot be helped (or would become worse) with sauna therapya€? but advises patients nevertheless to consult with their health providers before beginning sauna therapy.A Dr.


Rogers and other health professionals insist that the far infrared sauna, radiant heat sauna or heat therapy room is of greater benefit to fibromyalgia sufferers than the traditional hot Finnish sauna because of a fundamental difference between the two styles of sauna. Rogers calls the far infrared sauna a€?infinitely more tolerable,a€? particularly for people with fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome or multiple sclerosis, because it can function effectively at a much lower temperature than a conventional Finnish sauna.A a€?Ia€™m convinced that the far infrared sauna is something that everyone should do to restore health,a€? declares Dr. That such an effective detoxification tool exists should be welcome news to anyone suffering the ill effects of excessive lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic or aluminium in his or her body. A Not everyone may believe they have sufficient reason to worry about heavy metal and chemical toxicity, but many experts are urging the skeptics to think again.
Lead is a highly toxic substance, exposure to which can produce a wide range of adverse health effects.
In adults, lead can reportedly increase blood pressure and cause fertility problems, nerve disorders, muscle and joint pain, irritability, and memory or concentration problems.
A Because their brains and central nervous systems are still being formed, young children under the age of six are especially vulnerable to leada€™s harmful health effects.
National Safety Council (NSC), a€?Even very low levels of exposure can result in reduced IQ, learning disabilities, attention deficit disorders, behavioral problems, stunted growth, impaired hearing, and kidney damage. Lead can also be found in automobile exhaust, pesticides, hair dye, ink, and some glazed dishware.Mercury, a ubiquitous environmental pollutant that can be found in tuna and swordfish, latex paint, dental amalgams, vaccines, cosmetics, contact lens solution, fabric softener and tap water, has also been classified by researchers as posing a grave threat to human health. In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that no level of mercury can be considered to be safe, as it is the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth.A In their book What Your Doctor May Not Be Telling You About Autoimmune Disorders, Dr.
Like so many other heavy metals, cadmium can be found in air, water, soil and food.A Noting that the highest contributor to cadmium toxicity is cigarette smoke, the Center for Environmental and Integrative Medicine (CEIM) in Knoxville, TN, states that a€?cadmium can weaken the immune system and allow bacteria, viruses, yeast and parasites to proliferate. Cadmium may also promote skeletal demineralization and increase bone fragility and fracture risk. Department of Health and Human Servicesa€™ Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Eating food or drinking water with very high cadmium levels severely irritates the stomach, leading to vomiting and diarrhea, and sometimes death. Breathing air with lower levels of cadmium, or eating lower levels of cadmium, over long periods of time can result in a build-up of cadmium in the kidneys.
This has been seen mostly in workers exposed to arsenic at smelters, mines, and chemical factories, but also in residents living near smelters and arsenical chemical factories.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have all classified inorganic arsenic as a known human carcinogen.A Since arsenic is found naturally in the environment, humans risk exposure to it when they eat food, drink water, breathe air, or come in contact with contaminated soil or water.
The same can be said for aluminium compounds.A People may also be exposing themselves to aluminium compounds when they ingest medicinal products like certain antacids, laxatives and buffered aspirin or have skin contact with aluminium metal, antiperspirants, or other substances that contain aluminium or aluminium compounds. Mercola asserts that aluminium has been linked to serious illnesses such as osteoporosis, extreme nervousness, anemia, headache, decreased liver and kidney function, speech disturbances, and memory loss. He also contends that people who have died from Alzheimera€™s disease have been found to have up to four times the average amount of aluminium accumulated in the braina€™s nerve cells.A Offering its view on the subject, the ATSDR states that exposure to aluminium is usually not harmful but notes that some people who have kidney disease store a lot of aluminium in their bodies. In these children, the bone damage is caused by aluminium in the stomach preventing the absorption of phosphate, (which is) required for healthy bones.a€?Lead, mercury, cadmium, arsenic and aluminium are just five of an intimidating number of toxins capable of severely compromising your health. Among the other heavy metals most often found at unacceptable levels in the body, according to Edelson and Mitchell, are nickel and tin. Sherry Rogers writes, a€?The lungs, urine, stool and sweat are the main vehicles the body has for getting rid of nasty chemicals, but by far sweat is the most efficacious. And Mayo Clinic studies show that (utilizing) far infrared energy is the safest way to induce healing sweata€¦ Far infrared sauna technology is the only proven, most efficacious way of getting rid of stored environmental chemicals.a€?A A far infrared sauna has been cited as the best place to sweat because, whereas bathing in a conventional hot air sauna produces perspiration that is composed of approximately 97 percent water and three percent toxins, soaking in a far infrared sauna has been shown to produce sweat composed of about 80 percent water and 20 percent toxins. As well, far infrared saunas can produce up to three times the sweat volume of a conventional hot air sauna while operating at a considerably cooler air temperature range of 110 to 130 degrees versus 180 to 235 degrees for hot air saunas.
Ita€™s worthwhile to also note that, according to author and sauna historian Mikkel Aaland, a 15-minute far infrared sauna session can execute the same heavy metal excretion that would take the kidneys 24 working hours. In other words, sweating in a far infrared sauna can be a very efficient method of detoxification.A Even though sweating is a natural function of the human body, many people do not perspire properly because their skin has been damaged or deactivated by, among other culprits, chemicals in bath water, lotions, soaps and deodorants.
Fortunately for these people, far infrared sauna therapy can greatly help to restore the skina€™s eliminative powers. Ita€™s just one more way far infrared saunas work to heal bodies compromised by harmful chemicals.A If you are concerned about how harmful chemicals and heavy metals can affect your health, consider the many benefits of owning a far infrared sauna. Most people have a casual understanding of each of those three, but it is the mercury included in the periodic table of elements that demands greater public contemplation. For if contemporary society placed more of an emphasis on the pernicious effects of mercury exposure, perhaps fewer people would be victimized by related illnesses and diseases.A Mercury is the most toxic non-radioactive element on Earth, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has proclaimed that no level of mercury can be regarded as being safe. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced in a 2001 study that one in every 10 American women of childbearing age is at risk for having a baby born with neurological problems due to mercury exposure.A There are three principal types of mercury, and each type presents a serious health hazard to humans. The first type, elemental mercury, is a liquid that gives off mercury vapor at room temperature. Elemental mercury can also enter the bloodstream by permeating the skin.A Inorganic mercury compounds, the second type, can also be inhaled as well as pass through the skin. Unlike elemental mercury, though, inorganic mercury compounds can also be absorbed through the stomach if swallowed. Elemental mercury, if swallowed, is not absorbed and usually exits the body without causing any harm.
Many inorganic mercury compounds are irritating or corrosive to the skin, eyes and mucus membranes.A The third type of mercury, organic mercury compounds, can enter the body by way of all three routes a€“ lungs, skin and stomach. Exposure to any form of mercury on a repeated basis, or even a very high single dose, can lead to chronic mercury poisoning. According to the New Jersey State Department of Health, chronic mercury poisoning is characterized by three major symptoms:Gum problems. People with chronic mercury poisoning frequently experience wide mood swings, becoming irritable, frightened, excited or depressed very quickly for no apparent reason. Some people may become extremely upset at any criticism, lose all self-confidence, and become apathetic.
Memory loss, hallucinations, and inability to concentrate can also occur.Nervous system impairment. The earliest and most frequent symptom of chronic mercury poisoning is a fine tremor of the hand. A person with chronic mercury poisoning may also experience difficulty balancing and walking.A In What Your Doctor May Not Be Telling You About Autoimmune Disorders, authors Dr.
Research has demonstrated that the bodya€™s tissues, especially in the brain, kidneys, jaw, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and liver, absorb and store mercury.a€?A With such research findings having caught the publica€™s attention, some people have begun insisting that their dentists use composite fillings, also known as a€?white fillings,a€? as a non-toxic alternative to amalgam fillings.
As well, some dental patients are demanding that their existing amalgam fillings be removed and replaced with composite fillings.A In her book Detoxify or Die, Dr. Rogers writes, a€?Autoimmune disease, heart disease, high cholesterol and triglycerides, chemical sensitivity, allergies, antibiotic-resistant infections, depression, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, leukemia and just about any symptom you can think of have improved once sufficient accumulated mercury was removed from the teeth and body.a€?Going a step further, Dr. Daniel Royal, member of the Nevada State Board of Homeopathic Medical Examiners, states, a€?While removal of amalgam fillings stops further poisoning from mercury fillings, you still need to detoxify the body to eliminate the residual effect from mercury that remains behind in the body. Royal calls the sauna a useful adjunct to safe mercury removal because it induces profuse sweating.
One reason is that far infrared saunas, also known as radiant heat saunas or soft heat saunas, can effectively function at temperatures lower than those characteristic of traditional hot Finnish saunas.
The findings of this study make a strong case that far infrared saunas are simply better detoxification devices than conventional hot saunas.A Before you begin a sauna detoxification program, or if you suspect that you suffer from mercury poisoning, you should discuss your plans or share your suspicions with a qualified health professional. And if you decide to purchase a far infrared sauna for any of its many therapeutic properties, be sure to research your choices thoroughly, as satisfied sauna buyers are typically well-informed sauna buyers.A Opening the Sauna Door to Better Healthby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa You may think of a home sauna as being little more than a luxury, an object that offers pleasure and comfort but is ultimately inessential to your well-being. However, the results of decades of research may just convince you of what sauna enthusiasts have believed for centuries a€“ that regular sauna bathing offers significant, perhaps even life-saving, health benefits.A A chief objective of any sauna bath is to make you perspire, and perspiration is a natural, necessary function of the human body. Ita€™s a means by which the body can rid itself of extra heat and water and eliminate harmful toxins that have, over time, built up inside it.
Included among these toxins are mercury, lead, cadmium and aluminium.A The health benefits of sauna bathing, however, go beyond aiding detoxification. As your body increases sweat production to cool itself during a hot sauna bath, your heart increases blood circulation.
Heart rate, cardiac output and metabolic rate all increase, while diastolic blood pressure decreases, helping to improve overall cardiovascular fitness.A Sauna bathing may also contribute to healthy weight loss. A letter in a 1981 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association asserted that a€?a moderately conditioned person can easily a€?sweat offa€™ 500 grams in a sauna, consuming nearly 300 calories, the equivalent of running two to three miles. A heat-conditioned person can easily sweat off 600 to 800 calories with no adverse effects. While the weight of the water lost can be regained by rehydration with water, the calories consumed will not be.a€?A Most irrefutable are the claims that regular sauna bathing helps to relieve stress and promote relaxation.
It has been demonstrated time and time again that spending just a few minutes in a hot sauna bath can reduce anxiety levels, sooth nerves and warm tight muscles. Not only has sauna bathing been shown to encourage deeper, more restful sleep, far infrared sauna therapy has proved effective in alleviating pain associated with arthritis, backache, bursitis, fibromyalgia, headache, sprains, strains and other muscular and skeletal ailments.A a€?I am convinced that the far infrared sauna is something that everyone should do to restore health,a€? contends Dr. And while the condition known as Raynauda€™s disease has perhaps not received as much attention as those previously mentioned, credible sources suggest that sauna bathing can benefit its sufferers as well.A Raynauda€™s disease is a condition that causes some areas of your body, such as your fingers, toes, ears, cheeks, tongue, and the tip of your nose, to feel numb and cool in response to cold temperatures or stress.
Named after Maurice Raynaud, the French physician who first described it in 1862, it is a disorder of the blood vessels that supply blood to your skin. During a Raynauda€™s attack, these arteries narrow, limiting blood flow to affected areas.A Accurately discussing Raynauda€™s can be challenging for some people, as two types of it exist, and each type has two names.
What most laymen generically call Raynauda€™s disease could be either primary Raynauda€™s or secondary Raynauda€™s.A Primary Raynauda€™s, the most common form of the disorder, is what physicians and medical textbooks correctly refer to as Raynauda€™s disease. Although anyone can develop the condition, primary Raynauda€™s mainly affects women between the ages of 15 and 40. Ita€™s also more common in people who live in colder climates.A Secondary Raynauda€™s, also known as Raynauda€™s phenomenon, is caused by an underlying problem like scleroderma, Sjogrena€™s syndrome (both connective tissue diseases), lupus (an autoimmune disease), rheumatoid arthritis (an inflammatory disease), hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), diseases of the arteries (such as atherosclerosis and Buergera€™s disease), carpal tunnel syndrome, nerve damage, or chemical exposure. As well, people in certain occupations, such as those who operate vibrating tools, may be more vulnerable to secondary Raynauda€™s.A Most typically, cold temperatures provoke Raynauda€™s attacks. Just taking an item out of your freezer, putting your hands in cold water, or exposing yourself to cold air could trigger one.
For some people, however, cold is not even necessary; emotional stress is enough to instigate an episode. In both cases, the body seems to exaggerate its natural response of trying to preserve its core temperature by slowing blood supply to its extremities.
During an attack, which can last from less than a minute to several hours, affected areas of your skin usually first turn white.
As your blood circulation improves, the affected areas may turn red, throb, tingle or swell.
Raynauda€™s attacks may grow more severe over time.A If the condition becomes severe, blood circulation to your extremities could permanently diminish, resulting in deformities in affected areas like your fingers or toes.
Also, skin ulcers or gangrene could develop if an artery to an affected area becomes completely blocked.A Depending on the cause and severity of symptoms, treatment can take many forms. Medications may include alpha blockers, calcium channel blockers, or vasodilators, all of which help relax blood vessels. For example, during a session in either type of sauna, the bathera€™s heart responds to the sauna heat by increasing blood flow and perspiration production to cool the bathera€™s body. In this way, sauna bathing is a form of cardiovascular exercise.A Perspiring in a sauna, especially a far infrared sauna, also helps the body rid itself of harmful toxins that have built up over time. With experts having already drawn the connection between nicotine, secondhand smoke and Raynauda€™s, this benefit is certainly noteworthy.A As anyone who has stepped into a sauna seeking relief from muscle aches, sports injuries or ailments such as arthritis or fibromyalgia should already know, sauna bathing also offers a proven way to alleviate pain.
A clinical study conducted at Sunnybrook and Womena€™s College Health Science Centers at the University of Toronto confirmed that far infrared therapy can bring about significant improvements in both subjective measures of pain and discomfort associated with Raynauda€™s disease.A Lastly, sauna bathing fosters relaxation and stress relief. To those Raynauda€™s sufferers whose attacks are caused by emotional stress, as well as to the innumerable Raynauda€™s sufferers whose emotional stress is understandably caused by their attacks, this news is likely very welcome.A If you think you may be suffering from Raynauda€™s disease or Raynauda€™s phenomenon, be sure to discuss your concerns with a qualified health professional. Meanwhile, youa€™d be wise to investigate the many ways a home sauna, be it a traditional Finnish sauna or a far infrared sauna, can improve your health and happiness.A Insomnia and the Far Infrared Saunaby Pertti Olavi JalasjaaYoua€™ve wisely avoided sleeping pills, but it seems as if youa€™ve tried almost everything else to get a better nighta€™s sleep. The comforting heat of a sauna works to induce healthy perspiration, assist respiratory function, benefit blood pressure, stimulate endorphins, cleanse skin, and relieve sore, tired muscles. By raising your body temperature in a sauna bath right before bedtime, you compel it to normalize itself afterwards, and ita€™s this temperature readjustment following the sauna bath that helps to improve the quality of your sleep.A Of course, other effects of the heat bath can certainly contribute to improvements in your sleep. Regular sauna bathers routinely report that soaking in a hot sauna helps them rid their minds of the anxieties, frustrations and worries that may have been plaguing them prior to bathing.
And by helping to alleviate any existing physical pain like headaches, muscle strain or joint stiffness, a sauna bath can effectively disarm many of the aggravations that might have impeded truly restful sleep.A Home saunas are available in many styles and sizes.
Around the globe, doctors, researchers and other professionals have discovered the tremendous value of using sauna heat to help increase the human bodya€™s white blood cell count, stimulate its immune system, facilitate detoxification, and produce a state of general relaxation that is vital to the healing process.A In many countries, experts continue to research the therapeutic properties of the sauna.
Chuwa Tei, professor of medicine and chair of the department of internal medicine at Japana€™s Kagoshima University, and his colleagues have demonstrated saunasa€™ usefulness in treating heart patients.A In one study, Tei and his colleagues compared 25 men with at least one risk factor for heart disease, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or smoking, with a group of 10 healthy men. Each study participant spent 15 minutes in a 140-degree Fahrenheit (60-degree Celsius) dry sauna, followed by 30 minutes in a bed covered with blankets, once a day for two weeks.
The researchers then measured how well the participantsa€™ blood vessels expanded and contracted, a sign of the health of the vessels.
The researchers also found that the sauna therapy lowered participantsa€™ blood pressure slightly. The results of the study should be encouraging to anyone concerned about blood vessel diseases like atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and erectile dysfunction.In earlier studies, Tei and his colleagues demonstrated that sauna therapy improved the blood vessel function in hamsters with chronic heart failure.
The hamsters that received sauna therapy also lived about three weeks longer than those that didna€™t receive sauna therapy.A German researchers recently studied 22 kindergarten children who took weekly sauna baths and compared them to a group of children that did not take any sauna baths. Both groups were followed for 18 months and closely monitored for any occurrence of ear infections, colds, or upper respiratory problems. The researchers found that the children who did not take the weekly sauna baths took twice as many sick days as their counterparts.A Other findings suggest that it may be more than the heat of a sauna that is so advantageous to human health. Tests have indicated that the practice of tossing or splashing water on heated rocks in a traditional Finnish sauna produces a high quantity of negative ions in the air. Research has concluded that air abundant with negative ions offers great benefits, while a lack of negative ions or a higher ration of positive to negative ions in the air we breathe can cause physical harm.And while a June 2001 edition of The St. Lying above the 60th parallel, the southern boundary of the Arctic Circle, northernmost Finland receives little sunlight during the winter, which typically begins in November and lasts at least until May. Throughout all of Finland, winter days are remarkably short, with the sun low on the horizon even at midday. In the far north, the period known as a€?kaamosa€? or polar night, during which the sun never rises above the horizon, is nearly two months long.A Light deprivation is a serious concern during Finnish winters, particularly in areas where continuous darkness stretches several weeks. Many experts believe it could explain why Finland has one of the worlda€™s highest suicide rates. Each year, 14 percent of northern populations reportedly experience the a€?winter blues,a€? and another six percent suffer from the more serious Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), a type of clinical depression that, by definition, afflicts people only at certain times of the year. A In addition to depression, common symptoms of SAD include anxiety, fatigue and low energy, irritability, increased sleeping, difficulty concentrating, and changes in appetite, most notably carbohydrate cravings.A For many people, Seasonal Affective Disorder is a seriously disabling illness that prevents them from functioning normally without continuous medical treatment.
For others, it is a mild but debilitating condition that causes discomfort but not severe suffering. This milder form of SAD, called Subsyndromal Seasonal Affective Disorder, is what most people perceive to be the aforementioned winter blues.A Yet another form of SAD is Reverse Seasonal Affective Disorder (RSAD), and it typically strikes during the late spring or early summer and lasts throughout the warmer months. Also known as summer depression, RSAD is characterized by decreased sleep, weight loss, poor appetite, and other symptoms. Because treatment options can differ for SAD and RSAD, ita€™s important to note that the information in the following paragraphs pertains specifically to SAD a€“ in other words, winter depression.A According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder include monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOs), psychotherapy, and light therapy. Certain sources claim that, in addition to being used to treat SAD, insomnia and jet lag, light therapy can also be beneficial for people suffering from skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis and vitiglio.A For treating Seasonal Affective Disorder, the most commonly used phototherapy equipment is a portable lighting device known as a light box. The patient sits in front of the box for a prescribed period of time that can be as brief as 15 minutes or as long as several hours.
The duration and frequency of light therapy sessions often depend on the patienta€™s physical needs and lifestyle.
As one might surmise, light therapy sessions for SAD typically begin in the autumn months and continue throughout the winter, sometimes even into the early spring.A The light box may be mounted upright to a wall or slanted downwards and set on a table.
The light from a slanted light box is designed to focus on the table upon which it sits, so patients may look down to read or enjoy other sedentary activities during their phototherapy sessions. Patients using an upright light box must face the light box, although they dona€™t need to look directly into the light. As for the brightness of the light utilized, the light sources in these light boxes typically range from 2,500 to 10,000 lux (units of illumination).
In comparison, average indoor lighting typically ranges from 300 to 500 lux, and a sunny summer day is roughly 100,000 lux.A Before undergoing any light therapy treatments for Seasonal Affective Disorder, be sure to discuss your concerns and options with a qualified health professional. If you believe that you suffer from SAD, it is vital that you receive a proper diagnosis from a physician experienced in treating mood disorders. As well, certain risks (like potential eye strain, hypomania and headache, among others) are associated with phototherapy, especially for people who are photosensitive, so consulting with your doctor and an ophthalmologist could prevent additional problems from arising during or after your treatments.
If you decide to pursue light therapy treatments without the assistance of a qualified health professional, be aware that different companies hold decidedly different stances on exactly what constitutes light therapy.
A Among the health-related companies that are now making light therapy part of their business are manufacturers and retailers of home saunas. It is a logical development since far infrared sauna therapy has repeatedly been proven to be an effective form of light therapy. The light found in a far infrared sauna is, of course, far infrared light, a type of invisible light located below the optical color red in the electromagnetic spectrum.A An indispensable part of life on Earth, far infrared light has long been used by humans to purify polluted air, keep newborn babies warm in hospitals, promote growth in plants, and more.
Little did the early sauna bathers of Finland realize centuries ago that their beloved heat baths might someday become a source of hope and healing, not just for the people of their own country but for everyone who finds the dark days of winter hard to weather.A Sweat and Far Infrared Saunas- Here's the Skinnyby Pertti Olavi Jalasjaa For whatever reason, most people feel uncomfortable talking about perspiration.
For example, ita€™s not unusual to hear someone remark that he or she a€?sweateda€? over an academic assignment, a€?worked up a sweata€? on the tennis courts, or a€?lost a pint of sweata€? while awaiting an important decision.
But these are simply colloquial expressions that many of us utilize to make a point about our mental or physical stress or exertion related to a particular undertaking or event. After all, to do so, polite society decrees, would be in poor taste.A And yet much could be gained if people felt free to discuss the natural biological process of perspiration without fear of judgment or reproach. When we perspire in a far infrared sauna, we help our bodies rid themselves of the countless toxins like mercury, lead, cadmium and other contaminants that have accumulated within us over time. As well, by intensely sweating in a far infrared sauna we benefit our hearts, lungs, kidneys and other organs that are essential to our survival. Far infrared sauna bathing has also been proven to promote pain relief, muscle relaxation, and emotional tranquility.A For people suffering from certain skin diseases, far infrared sauna bathing can be particularly therapeutic. As the far infrared heat induces an increase in blood circulation to the skin, the bodya€™s defence against chronic skin conditions like acne, eczema and psoriasis is considerably bolstered. As well, thorough sweating helps unclog the skin of whatever unhealthy remnants of soap, lotions, deodorants or makeup may be unnecessarily lodged in its pores. Dead skin cells are also effectively flushed away by a good sweat in a far infrared sauna.A Increased blood flow and decreased toxins and foreign material in our skin mean more natural nutrients and fewer reasons for irritations and disease.
Elasticity, texture, tone and color can all noticeably improve after just a few sessions in a far infrared sauna. These benefits are available even if your skin has suffered harsh damage from excessive exposure to the sun.A You dona€™t have to talk about perspiration if you dona€™t want to. If you live a mostly sedentary lifestyle and therefore dona€™t perspire much on a regular basis, you must take action for the sake of the health of your heart, lungs, skin and other vital organs. People face stress at home, at work, at school a€“ anywhere opportunities to react to internal or external stimulation exist.A That stimulation can come from a disagreement with a spouse, a conflict with a co-worker, criticism from a teacher, bad news from a doctor, and so on. And the stimulation need not be negative; people often become stressed when they start new jobs or enter into new relationships. Even a big, surprise win at the casino can cause stress.A A little stress isna€™t necessarily a bad thing. Stress during a job interview can help you give the best answers to the people asking the tough questions. These hormones are not harmful in moderate amounts, but cortisol is secreted excessively in response to chronic stress and is extremely toxic in these larger amounts.A a€?Cortisol actually kills and disables your brain cells,a€? says Dr.
Chronic exposure to cortisol causes the mental haziness, forgetfulness and confusion that is associated with aging.a€?A People under stress may also be at higher risk of developing coronary heart disease. Stress causes arteries to constrict and blood to become stickier, increase the probability of an artery-clogging blood clot. As well, people who regularly experience sudden increases in blood pressure caused by stress may, over time, develop injuries in the inner lining of their blood vessels.A Studies suggest that chronic stress may increase a persona€™s chances for developing infections, having strokes, experiencing flare ups of multiple sclerosis, and suffering gastrointestinal problems like peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease. Chronic stress has also been linked to the development of insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes.
And ask anybody who has ever suffered from headaches, insomnia, skin disorders or sexual dysfunction if they believe that stress was at least partly to blame for their woes, and then construct your own conclusions about how damaging stress can be to onea€™s health and well being.A If you think you have a serious condition that has been caused or made worse by certain stressors in your life, you should discuss your concerns with a qualified physician. If, however, youa€™d like to improve the quality of your life by learning how to better cope with stress, many options exist.
Perhaps your first focus should be on discovering the remarkable benefits of relaxation.Relaxation decreases blood pressure, respiration and pulse rates, releases muscle tension, and eases emotional strains. In their quests for greater relaxation, some people choose biofeedback while others opt for massage therapy.
Studies indicate that soaking in a hot sauna bath can help improve respiratory function, increase cardiovascular strength, reduce and remove body toxins, strengthen the bodya€™s immune system, relieve headaches, and cleanse and beautify skin. Sauna bathing can also increase blood circulation, relaxing tight, tired or aching muscles by providing them with more oxygen.A If youa€™re searching for a healthy way to alleviate the stress in your life, consider purchasing a home sauna.
Residential saunas are available in a range of styles and sizes, from pre-cut Finnish sauna kits to outdoor barrel saunas and far infrared heat therapy rooms. Seemingly ubiquitous advertisements and TV commercials for antiperspirants continue to convince generations of consumers that perspiration is an undesirable, offensive bodily function. While no one would dispute that sweat can be quite unwelcome in important social and business situations, it would be imprudent not to acknowledge the necessity of perspiration and understand the critical role it plays in human health.A Sweating is an essential function of the human body, as essential as eating, breathing and sleeping.
Skin is sometimes called a€?the third kidneya€? for this very reason.A Your body eliminates various toxins through a variety of metabolic processes, one being urination and another being perspiration. The kidneys filter waste materials from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. The temperature in a traditional Finnish sauna is usually between 180 and 200 degrees Fahrenheit (80 and 95 degrees Celsius). The two types of sauna operate differently, but, at their respective temperature ranges, working up a sufficient sweat in either type should be achievable for even the most inexperienced sauna bather.A Using high heat to induce perspiration has a great number of benefits. In addition to decreasing the amount of toxins and heavy metals, such as cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc, in your body, an intense sweat bath in a sauna can help cleanse it of other impurities like cholesterol, nicotine, sodium, and sulfuric acid.
By improving blood circulation, regular sauna bathing can help draw the skina€™s own natural nutrients to the surface, leading to better tone, texture and elasticity.
Thata€™s why sauna bathing is being increasingly included in high-intensity treatment programs for skin ailments like acne, eczema and psoriasis.
Some beauty specialists in Europe even claim the sauna can be quite a powerful weapon in the war against cellulite.A As beneficial and therapeutic as sweating in a soothing hot sauna may be, however, it is imperative that bathers not allow the experience to dehydrate them.
As well, be sure to discuss your plans and expectations with your personal physician before you take to the sauna for the first time, as he or she should know of any existing conditions or limitations that pertain specifically to your health and might impact your sauna use.A As for all those advertisements and TV commercials that say sweating is bad, forget about them, and start doing what you know is best for your health.



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