Building a base for a steel shed roof,shed row barns california,free online picnic table plans vintage - Review

Absolute Steel carports and RV covers are designed differently for different environments and they’ll fit different budgets as well. Sonoran carports feature a rounded eave and the panels are applied in a horizontal fashion. We offer the Sonoran carport or RV cover in 5’ On Center frames which will meet most Texas building codes and go down to 4’ On Center and even 3’ On Center for hurricane or mountain environments. Built much the same as the Standard or Sonoran carport, the Sierra has roof panels affixed so that the panels run from the peak to eave, shedding water and other weather better. For customers that live in an area having snow loads in excess of 35 psf, the Sierra is what we recommend. Having the panels attached as described above requires additional trim pieces such as ridge cap etc.
The Single Slope carport serves a variety of needs – equipment covers, livestock shades, apartment parking, hay storage and of course, just a simple two car carport. The Combo as its name implies is a steel carport structure with additional enclosed storage for odds and ends; its part carport and part building. The Teton carport uses our Grand Beam paneling which is made to look like shiplap siding thereby blending in to many residential environments.
Due to the configuration of the overhangs, the Teton carport has the more trim components than any other carport we manufacture. Installing the San Tan is very simple and not time consuming—basic common tools and 2 people and you can complete the job in a few hours. Our painted steel panels come with the best paint warranty in the business: guaranteed not to fade, chalk or peel for 25, 30 and even 50 years, depending upon which panel you choose. If just the paint finish lasts that long – how long do you think the panels will last? All our American made steel carport or RV cover frames panels are made with 80,000 ksi steel. All our RV covers and steel carports use the best painted steel panels that are also made in America – naturally.
Don’t worry about having exterior paint maintenance on a steel building from Absolute Steel! Our steel carports and RV covers are made only from the same US steel that we use in our metal buildings.
Besides using honest materials, we use larger sized steel, stronger steel and a more corrosive resistant steel than the competition. Now here’s one of our carports erected in south Florida that experienced Hurricane Wilma, one of the fiercest storms to ever hit the East Coast.Hurricane Wilma was the most intense hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic basin. It means you’re getting the best possible value in a steel carport or RV cover that your money can buy. It means you’re getting a better selection of models to choose from than you would from any other company in North America. It means by choosing an Absolute Steel Texas steel carport or RV cover that you can order engineered plans—something that no other tubular steel building system manufacturer in Texas can do. Texas municipalities can be pretty easy to deal with, and many people have satisfied their local town or city by furnishing drawings from us that show the sizes and strengths of the steel. Along with those engineered plans you’ll need a site plan showing the distance from the lot line and nearby buildings (fire access). Before you spend your money on engineered plans, please check and see if you are in violation of any setbacks from the lot line or other issues that may prevent you from building your steel carport or RV cover where you intend. Always check and make sure that the placement of the structure is allowable—distance from lot lines etc. If you subsequently find your structure red tagged by an official, you can then order plans from us and go into the building department, hat in hand, and usually end up with a permit. Please take a moment to understand the unique characteristics of our metal carports and RV covers. You should know that Absolute Steel through its sister website Metal Roofing Source distributes metal roofing panels throughout North America and has done so for many years. Underwriter’s Laboratory, the most trusted worldwide source for product safety certification rates the panels we use an industry leading: UL 2218 Class 4 hail impact rating and a UL 790 Class A fire resistance rating. Now if the paint finish it guaranteed that long what do you suppose is happening to the steel underneath?
There’s a lot we have to say about the US steel we use in our Texas steel carports and RV cover frames but for our purposes here, we need to discuss our fabrication process and why we make parts the way we do.
As the base rail system bears the maximum load of the structure itself, we do not use a swedged (mechanically reduced) piece of tube to fit up into the sidewall of your metal carport or RV cover.
At the bottom, where condensation can collect, you have uniform and tight connections where it is most critical to keep moisture out. 12″ inserts give you plenty of adjustment capabilities in the event your site is irregular. Common sense tells you that a sidewall that’s made up of more than one piece is not as strong as a single piece and yet that’s what the competition often does. Single piece connections that run from the base rail to the eave piece give you more strength on that wall. It stands to reason that the more parts you have, the less overall strength you’ll have. Plain and simple, our Power Bend is the most superior technology in the tubular steel building business; its way out in front of the competition.
There are several technologies used to make the bends at the peaks and eaves of a Texas steel carport or RV cover.
An uninformed person will buy this product which uses Mexican steel and Crush Bends for both the peaks and eaves. Knowing the peak has been weakened by the Crush Bend, this company is using a 16 gauge U brace to give the weakened point more strength. Notice the use of two crush bends, that’s because the Crush Bend is so radical it would tear the steel if one tried to make the necessary radius with one bend. Apparently this carport is still for sale?  Pay particular attention to where this structure gave in—right at the stress points; the crush bends despite any U channel bracing. Power Bend: The Power Bend adds six more surfaces with condensed curves to strengthen peaks and eaves – remember the car body and why it has contours to its surfaces? For years we’ve been the specialists in delivering our steel carports to the job site anywhere in the country including Alaska and Hawaii. CONCRETE SLAB CRACK EVALUATION - home CONTENTS: Types of cracks that occur in concrete slabs, shrinkage cracks, settlement cracks, frost heaves. Settlement cracks in a slab indicate inadequate site preparation, such as failure to compact fill on which a slab was poured. Frost heaves or expansive soil damage can cause substantial damage to basement, crawl space, or garage floor slabs in some conditions. Each type of basement slab, floor slab, or slab on grade crack is discussed and described with photographs below. Before we describe crack, movement, and damage patterns and diagnosis in concrete slabs, we need to introduce three different types of poured concrete floor slabs. We use the three Carson Dunlop Sketches shown here to comment on the occurrence, causes, and significance of cracks and movement in poured concrete slab construction.
The author's first construction job (construction at the Fleet antiaircraft missile training center, Dam Neck, VA) consisted of raking roughly level loose-fill dirt inside of building foundations. Over several summers of this labor we never once saw anyone using a soil compactor and rarely did we see gravel poured inside of the foundation walls before the slab was poured. The bad news about typical floating slab construction (where the soil is not compacted) is that anything that causes the soil to settle risks slab cracking and settlement. The good news about cracks in floating slab construction is that the damage is to the floor, not to the structure that is supporting the building. As you can see from the Carson Dunlop Associates sketch above, the supported slab is a lot like the floating slab - it claims to have gravel and claims to have compacted soil below the slab. But the edges of the floor slab rest on a lip built into the poured concrete footing which also supports the building walls. The good news about a slab with this design is that a little soil settlement below the slab will not cause the floor to tip nor crack provided it has been adequately reinforced. The bad news about a supported slab design is that if there were significant soil settlement below the slab and if it lacked proper reinforcement at the time of construction, it might collapse. Where may this occur: if you inspect a garage built on what was originally a sloping hill, you can expect that the interior of the garage foundation was filled with lots of backfill soil. As you see in the Carson Dunlop Associates sketch above (used with permission), a monolithic slab is poured at the same time as the building footing that is going to support the building's walls. If structural cracks appear in a monolithic slab they might trace to footing settlement which might be a structural concern, depending on the amount of settlement, its origin, and type of building construction.
Notice that the sketch shows insulation on the exterior of the slab - unless special methods are used, it can be difficult otherwise to insulate this floor from the surrounding soils, an important factor in cold climates and where heating costs are increasing rapidly.
Where exterior foundation insulation is carried up above grade and right under the building exterior siding, there may be a risk of wood destroying insect attack on the wood-framed wall.
The articles listed below explain how we recognize and diagnose signs of cracking, damage, movement in these different concrete slab construction methods.
See SINKING BUILDINGS where we include case histories of both building settlement and slab cracking, heaving, settling: diagnosis and repair. See FOUNDATION CRACK DICTIONARY since that article series also assists in distinguishing among types of cracking in concrete foundations (vertical supporting walls and footings). We bought a house two years ago, after it sat empty as a model home for a few years, so now ita€™s about five years old.
We live in Austin, Texas and the drought has been really bad here, and recently we have discovered a few hairline cracks in a few different tiles. There is a lot of limestone and rock in the area, and so we never thought wea€™d ever have a problem here, unlike Houston, where foundation problems are everywhere. There a few small hairline cracks throughout the house in the sheetrock, but these were there when we moved in and havena€™t gotten worse, and seemed pretty normal to me. Well, mentioning the drought, a few neighbors have said they have a few cracks too, and they had a foundation company come out, and the company told them it was because of the drought, and told them to soak the foundation.
I went out and bought soak hoses and are going to set that up, and I also bought a nice laser level and checked the slope of the foundation. So this leads to my main questiona€”how much slope in a foundation is generally acceptable to build on? I agree that the cracks you describe are more likely due to slab settlement or movement and that considering Austin has been in a drought, soil settlement (rather than rising due to suddenly newly-wet expansive clay soils) is probably at work. I also agree that other crack sources such as concrete slab shrinkage are probably not at fault.
It's useful to distinguish between a crack that only affects the floor slab (usually not structural, the building is not threatened) and a crack that includes the foundations and footings (structural, the building might be threatened depending on extent of movement). While building codes expect footings to be poured level, I'm not surprised to read that a foundation and footing slope one inch over 20 feet in new construction.
Examine the sloping foundation walls wherever masonry foundation materials and surfaces are visible. Also take a look at the location and pattern of floor cracks, If a crack line is more or less straight, and if it runs towards the foundation walls or more or less at right angle to the foundation wall, then if the foundation wall and footing had settled you'd expect to see wall cracks in the same area. If those clues of actual footing settlement and foundation movement are absent, you are more likely seeing settlement in the concrete slab itself. In that construction settlement of the slab may produce cracks as the floor bends and dirt below it settles. If the floor slab was poured atop of dirt that covered the footings, or inside of the footings, the entire slab may settle or tip even at its perimeters.
In any case, the combination of pouring a slab on soft fill and changes in soil moisture invite soil settlement and slab cracking.
See SETTLEMENT IN FOUNDATIONS for a more broad explanation of foundation settlement diagnosis, evaluation, and repair.
Repair of the cracked floor will require removal of the cracked ceramic floor tiles, including enough mastic and crud removal that you can bed replacement tiles smoothly in place.
Watch out: do not lay ceramic tiles across control joints as movement there is likely to cause cracking in the filed finish-floor . Continue reading at CONTROL JOINT CRACKS in CONCRETE or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below.
In Australia it is mandatory to reinforce concrete floor slabs with galvanised steel mesh which is laid 1 in.
Anon, take a look at SLAB CRACK EVALUATION (article link at page left highlighted in green) - below it you'll see a list of individual articles describing various types of concrete slab cracks by cause, location, and appearance. Sure just use the CONTACT link found at top, left side and bottom of our pages to send me photos.
I work on the 3rd floor of a building that was constructed within the past few years so it's fairly new.
Mary, it doesn't surprise one that there might be shrinkage cracks in a large concrete slab nor that the cracks might follow the location of structural beams buried in the concrete.
We had a pipe burst and flood our house, and our basement had ankle deep water which then all soaked into the concrete foundation. Carey, if the cracks are very straight they may be showing up expansion joints - tough to say without seeing some photos and knowing the construction. Anon: if roof loading on walls caused wall cracks, I'm not sure how wall cracks cause random or cross-floor cracks. I think more likely you are describing a building where the same contractor made multiple mistakes or shortcuts. If there are no water (nor radon) leaks through this gap it might be OK or you may find later that it is a water entry point; the best fix in that case is to get water away6 from the building and maintain the gutters and leaders. Most likely you or an expert will want to make a few test cuts to see just what is going on. We have just had a 20 x 15 foundation installed (1 days old) for a patio room and is has numerous cracks already is this normal for a foundation that does not have any stress relief? Garry, cracks that appear rapidly and early during curing of a foundation or slab may indicate difficult pour conditions such as very hot weather, or a problem with the mix, or even settlement if the site was not properly prepared. We just finished a new house build and have noticed spider cracks in the garage floor running from an interior wall to a centre floor drain.

If your problem is a home built over expansive clay soil there are systems to address the cyclic movement that would damage a slab; without fixing the cause, just fixing the cracks would be futile.
Also you'll want to have an expert examine the building to be sure you're making the right diagnosis and that there is no related foundation damage. What kind of professional is able to evaluate changes caused by this change in slab integrity and give us proper solution in that rain water penetrated this hairline crack recently?
Mark I don't completely understand your description, but in general an experienced foundation contractor, a building inspector with experience in foundation inspections, or if necessary a structural or civil engineer IF that person has expertise and focus on foundations, could all address your question. Typically we look at the size, pattern, location, history, and context of a crack and usually those data point to a probable cause. Settlement under a floor slab that causes cracking will usually also show up as out-of-level floors, a difference in floor height on either side of the crack, and possibly we will find correlations with poor site prep (inadequate soil compaction) or mis-handling of roof or surface runoff.
Watch out: check that the cracks don't extend into and continue in the foundation wallls - a potentially more serious problem. I'm doubtful that anyone can diagnose concrete cracking from just your brief e-note; you're welcome to use our CONTACT link (page top or bottom to find email) to send us some photos of the cracking you observe. Often a careful examination of a crack can find evidence of its age and can identify recent movement by noticing raw or fresh surfaces on either side of a crack in the slab, wall or other masonry material. I have an opportunity to buy a property in Northwestern Wa that has a 36x60 slab already installed. And careful attention to sealing details will be needed at the smaller building's perimeter to prevent water from entering the structure.
If you are not going to cover the protruding slab with exterior roofs, say as in a porch roof, the use of a sealant at the sills is about all you've got.
John Cranor is an ASHI member and a home inspector (The House Whisperer) is located in Glen Allen, VA 23060.
Quality Standards for the Professional Remodeling Industry, National Association of Home Builders Remodelers Council, NAHB Research Foundation, 1987. We discuss the recognition and significance of concrete shrinkage cracks in detail at Shrinkage Cracks in Slabs. The photograph of cracks above were taken of shrinkage cracks in a concrete slab floor in a home built in 2006. Depending on the mix and pour conditions as well as the site work preparation significant concrete shrinkage cracks can appear in a basement slab. Our photographs above show shrinkage cracking and ensuing minor settlement cracks occurring in the same poured concrete basement floor.
Happily the building owner at the site where we made the photos above did not report water entry through these openings, though it certainly might be expected as the home ages and its footing drains stop working, particularly if surface runoff and roof runoff are not kept away from the building. When we see combined slab shrinkage and slab settlement condition we suspect that the concrete pour not only allowed for excessive shrinkage, or perhaps shrinkage without control joints, but also the pour was made on top of poorly prepared soils.
We discuss the recognition and significance of control joints in poured concrete slabs in detail at Cracks at Control Joints in Concrete. We discuss the recognition and significance of settlement cracks in poured concrete slabs in detail at Settlement Cracks in Slabs. A monolithic concrete slab is one which includes the building footing as part of the slab, created in a single continuous pour of concrete. A floating concrete slab is one which is poured at a (generally) uniform thickness on the ground without a separate footing. The photograph above shows a rather straight crack across a garage slab near the garage entry door. What is happening here and why is this particular crack straight if it's a frost or soil heave crack?
In freezing climates building foundations include a footing which extends below the frost line. Readers should also see CONCRETE SLAB CRACK REPAIR and may also want to see SINKING BUILDINGS where we include case histories of both building settlement and slab cracking, heaving, settling: diagnosis and repair. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore. A professional reference designed to assist surveyors, engineers, architects and contractors in diagnosing existing problems and avoiding them in new buildings. The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors.
If you haven’t heard of rocket stove technology yet, I encourage you to look into it and take it seriously. Unlike traditional wood stoves, rocket stoves operate on a double burning principal, where first the wood is burned, then the smoke is burned in a secondary chamber. The wythes are tied or joined together at intervals by bond courses of brick laid across the wythes to connect them, or by steel fasteners or wire mesh or other means. The wythes of brick are separated by an air space both for wall width dimensioning and for drainage (brick masonry cavity walls).
Our photo (left) shows a water-damaged structural wall that was supporting an exterior porch.
Referring to our photo above once again, other porch designs more often support the porch floor with piers or columns even if a brick wall was built to enclose the under-porch space. A brick veneer is a single wythe of masonry for facing purposes, not considered as contributing to the structural value of the wall or surface. Sketches of brick veneer walls (above) and structural brick walls (below) are courtesy of Toronto Home Inspection & Education Firm Carson Dunlop Associates.
Some structural masonry walls may be faced with brick (a brick veneer) that actually covers masonry block, stone, or even structural clay products.
Watch out: some structural brick walls may not show bond courses - the wythes of brick may have been tied together using steel wire or other fasteners.
By contrast, the brick walls in our collapsing brick structure (below right) included bond courses but could not tolerate a foundation collapse below nor frost damage from roof leaks from above. At BRICK FOUNDATIONS & WALLS we describe the collapse of the structural brick walled building show below. Our sketch (below left), courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates, shows what happens when a brick structural wall becomes bulged.
At BRICK FOUNDATION & WALL DEFECTS where we list types of brick wall and foundation defects, we illustrate cases of structural brick wall or foundation collapse.
Also see FOUNDATION CRACK DICTIONARY which discusses in detail the process of evaluating foundation cracks and signs of foundation damage by examining the crack size, shape, pattern, and location.
Brick structural or veneer wall damage from frost or water includes not just cracking and bulging but also spalling, effloresence, and staining. See MASONRY WALL LINTEL DAMAGE for a discussion of both steel and brownstone lintel damage. Continue reading at BRICK WALL THERMAL EXPANSION CRACKS or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below.
Or see FOUNDATION CRACK DICTIONARY for evaluating foundation cracks and signs of foundation damage by examining the crack size, shape, pattern, and location.
Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia. Watch out: this manual may include opinions and recommendations that are obsolete or even very dangerous. Movie Guide Experienced home inspectors and new home inspectors alike are sure to learn invaluable tips in this release designed to take viewers step-by-step through the home inspection process. When you are doing a project that is less grand in size and scope, buying your retaining wall blocks from your local home improvement warehouse might be all you need to worry about.  All the big stores have different block options, often located in the garden center area. This alternating river rock and flat stone design gives an almost ancient or beaded design to this retaining wall.
This yard has a xeriscaping element that is kept separate from a higher bed with other drought tolerant plants – typical of the southwest.
The retaining wall is in the background here – note the use of the large stones for the steps and the plants and mulch to soften the stone hardscape features. This is a modern looking wood retaining wall – that unique offset appearance is what makes it. Now, here are some ideas regarding the drainage and cut-away issues exposing some of the principles behind the use of, or building of, one of these types of walls.
Again, here is a drawing and cut away view of how a wooden retaining wall might be constructed.
This image is showing the drain placement and how it is being set within the stone layer beneath the surface of a driveway installation.
We’ve tried to show you a few ideas here that help you see how diversified the uses are. Because we have an awesome network of suppliers and tradesmen there is really no good reason why you can’t have EXACTLY what you want.
We hope you take a minute or two and call or email us with your ideas and dimensions or tell us what you have seen that you like so we can fire back a price for you. Most of the time, we can put you in touch with a professional carport installer we’ve dealt with before or if you want to save some money, install it yourself. We are known across America for steel carports and RV covers that fit into settings that most other steel structures just wouldn’t work. You can spend a lot more than we charge but the others probably will not engineer for up to 90 mph sustained winds or meet a 30 psf Roof Load.
These versatile steel carports and RV covers come in a range of widths from 10’ to 40’ and eave heights from 7’ to 15.5.
This means it’s very simple, if you wish, to extend the panels down one or both sides for extra protection against the Texas elements. And in order to run the panels in this fashion this steel carport requires purlins or cross members for those parts to attach to the roof.
It features clean lines and an unobstructed profile so it’s a great covered parking structure when you’d like a carport that as invisible as a carport can be. It features a 12” soffit overhang and unless closely examined one would think its exterior is wood. We NEVER use steel panels rolled from Mexican metal that are painted with cheap, substandard automotive paint. The panels we use on our metal building walls and roofs come with a 40 year limited warranty on the paint finish cracking, checking, peeling or losing adhesion. We do this because that’s the only assurance we have that the steel meets engineering specifications.
While this may not mean much to you right now, it will mean the world when the first storm hits.
Wilma made several landfalls, with the most destructive effects felt in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico, Cuba, and the U.S. Our frame systems have a conditional lifetime warranty and the steel panels have a paint warranty against fading, chalking or peeling for 20, 30 and even 50 years depending upon which you purchase. You would lay your attached base rails on the ground so that the anchor attached to the base rail goes into the hole. If you live in an incorporated town or city, you need to check with your local building department. These are never “wet stamped” by the engineer – if you need original wet stamped plans, that’s when we have to charge. This page briefly illustrates the products we use in your Texas steel carport or RV cover frame and some information on why we fabricate things the way we do. Any explanations or pictures of similar products are furnished only for comparative evaluation.
We supply many companies and government agencies that have strict specifications with regards to the properties of the steel panels that are acceptable.
Instead we use single 14 gauge insert tube (insert tube is slightly smaller: 1 ?” x 2 ?”) for each vertical upright to slip onto. There’s no additional parts to mess with, and by virtue of there being no connections, you will have a stronger sidewall! That’s quite a statement but with the following information and a few pictures, you’ll know why we can make that claim.
As a side note, one panel screw used per side on a joint is simply inadequate and dangerous – and this is a sales model!
The peaks and eaves need to be built that way because steel carports and RV covers are prone to stress at those points. Every carport system bought from Absolute Steel Texas comes with easy-to-follow instructions and we have honest-to-goodness live people on the phones who can answer any question you can come up with. At a Journal of Light Construction conference (Boston 1985) a lecturer informed us that "Every concrete truck that comes to your job to pour a slab has at least four cracks in it. Flooding, leaks, or simply poor handling of roof and surface runoff can send water under a building where it causes loose soil to settle. Only if you see a floor slab crack that continues up in the foundation wall where the crack meets the wall would the structure be obviously involved. If your builder was the same fellow who hired the author (as we described above), all of this fill was left un-compacted. I kinda freaked out and started putting a level to everything in the house, and all the door frames are perfectly level and the countertops are very, very close to being perfectly level. The foundation slopes about 1 inch over about 20 feet towards the left side of the house, which happens to be the downhill side.
Because I know brand new foundations wona€™t be perfectly level, but about how much can a new foundation be off-1 inch, 2 inches, 6 inches?
A competent onsite inspection by an expert usually finds additional clues that help accurately diagnose a foundation, slab, or floor cracking problem because someone with experience might see clues that escape even a smart, careful, thorough homeowner performing a DIY investigation. I think that slab shrinkage cracks appear early in building life, are not structural, and are less likely to suddenly telegraph through a ceramic tile floor. A key diagnostic step will be to convince yourself that this out of slope condition is as-built or that it is the result of settlement.
A one-inch change in slope, if it happened after construction, would often be expected to produce vertical or stair-stepped cracks in the foundation wall. Cracks tend to be away from and sometimes roughly parallel to the foundation walls, or to appear as islands around the Lally columns. Unfortunately there is no magic band-aid that will make the cracks disappear, especially where ceramic floor tiles are installed.

Before replacing the tiles that were removed you might want to also install mesh tape over the floor slab cracks to reduce the chances that those cracks telegraph again through the new tiles. No one can assess with certainty the significance of the slab cracking you describe just by a few written notes, but it's possible that what you describe is not a structural concern. But in general, if the floor itself is not structural, that is if it is not supporting the structure, then the risk of a structural collapse is reduced. We can definitely tell that one side of the crack is higher than others in quite a few places. Generally we want to keep water away from the building - that's the first choice and approach, rather than relying on a seal at the last possible point of water entry (that's a second band-aid approach).
Today I noticed an extensive web of cracks in the basement slab - long, fairly straight cracks in every room! We replaced with a new unit and still so signs of it being able to keep up (almost like I've lost insulation or something?), the laundry room vinyl (just the other side of the garage) is bubbling and pulling away from the wall.
The floor was poured in winter conditions and and 6 months later these cracks are showing up. It may stain from a spill from above if the surface has been damaged,or there may be moisture comingnup through the slab.
Upon inspecting of the 'slab' there are large cracks that mimic the 2007 Daniel Friedman picture below. If you want to use our CONTACT link to send along some sharp photos of the crack and others from a more distant perspective of the wall or slab and the building and site then I might be able to comment further. But you might want to review the control joints article at CONTROL JOINT CRACKS in CONCRETE where we describe the timing, depth and location of these construction details. Typically the slab would have been poured with a perimeter foundation intended to support the weight of the building on its perimeter or edges. You might, for example, need to build a smaller building permiter footing of solid concrete blocks set atop the existing slab.
If I were doing such a job I'd build a new masonry sill at least 1 solid concrete block high and set my wood framed wall sills atop that to permit a water tight seal at the slab and to avoid putting wood onto a sometimes wet surface.
Cramer is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors and is a Florida home inspector and home inspection educator.
On occasion we may also see vertical dislocation in a floor slab crack, that is, one side has settled or tipped away from the other side of the cracked concrete. Note that these cracks begin at building foundation wall inside projection corners - a condition that probably creates stress points as the slab cures. For example if a slab is poured on poorly-compacted soil, after shrinkage cracking occurs, we may see uneven settlement among sections of the cracked slab.
In both of these cases we anticipate that significant horizontal dislocation in a poured concrete slab should be small unless steel reinforcement was omitted or was improperly installed.
Proper site work and drainage are important as is proper engineering design of such structures. Also see How to Diagnose & Evaluate Foundation Cracks since those pages also assist in distinguishing among types of cracking in concrete foundations (vertical supporting walls and footings).
Many of the examples especially near the end are good practice for the California PE Special Seismic Exam design questions. Fully revised and updated, this edition, in new clearer format, covers developments in building defects, and problems such as sick building syndrome.
This has the effect of eliminating smoke almost completely, and requiring far less fuel than a conventional woodstove. I will be building one of these for myself as soon as I can find a source for metal five gallon buckets, which are harder to find than the plastic variety.
We explain how to recognize, diagnose, & evaluate movement and cracks in brick walls and how to recognize brick wall bowing or bulging and cracking failures.
In this case bulging of the outer brick wythes have opened up the air space beyond its original design. Its multiple brick wythes give width and strength to the wall and are usually separated by an air space of about an inch to form a thicker, more dry wall.
At a minimum a structural brick wall is comprised of at least two wythes of brick bonded together by bricks placed crosswise in the wall or by metal fasteners.
We illustrate the properties of structural brick walls below at Structural Brick Wall Construction Details.
Thanks to an opening in this brick wall where bricks have fallen out due to water damage, you can see the air space between the wythes of brick.
A brick veneer wall constructed using full-dimension bricks will be one brick wythe in thickness (of the veneer). In this case the masonry building wall is structural but is faced with a brick, stone, or other veneer. Those ends show (usually) that bricks were placed in the wall across the wythes of brick that comprise a structural brick wall. A Flemish bond brick wall pattern is shown in our photograph of a building on the Vassar College Campus (below-right).
This is an extremely dangerous condition threatening sudden and catastrophic building collapse.
Fero produces brick veneer fasteners, rubble veneer fasteners, thin stone veneer connectors, and the FAST bracket.
In addition to being the former president of the National Association of Home Inspectors (NAHI), a longstanding member of the NAHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI), and the Environmental Standard Organization (IESO), host Stephen Showalter has performed over 8000 building inspections - including environmental assessments. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. These same principles apply whether you are looking for landscaping ideas for front yard spaces, side yards or backyard areas. That goes for other types of rustic and reclaimed wood furniture of your own design or designed and built by us including Reclaimed Wood Tables, Rustic Beds and Bedroom Furniture, Rustic Cabinets, Rustic and Reclaimed Wood Doors and all kinds of Live Edge Furniture.
Send along a photo from the web or a screen capture so we can see what your talkin’ about.
This is made from the same rugged steel specifications as all our steel structures and will never look like those trashy carports that fall over in a year or so. The main frame system is 2” x 3” galvanized tube steel and in the wider and taller models, we use a rugged 14 gauge 2” x 4” main frame system.
We have designed and supplied these to job sites to cover one car and up to several hundred.
This is a great structure because one can avoid the costs of a garage and yet have some private storage or a workshop while getting some protection for vehicles.
This style gives you eave overhangs which can vary depending upon the width of the structure but is priced less than other styles that offer the eave overhang due to less in trim costs.
Additionally the paint finish is guaranteed not to fade, chalk or lose color for a period of 30 years.
These systems resist general air pollution and will not pit or whiten when exposed to moist environments such as rain, dew, fog, acid rain and chlorinated air.
Personally we would take the extra time (or money in the case of an professional install) to put the corners in concrete caissons as described below and if it was longer, we suggest putting one or two of those in-between the corners. Three sets of stamped and sealed drawings along with three sets of stamped and sealed structural calculations by a licensed Texas engineer are $450. With a mandrel bend the steel is stretched and the stress marks are visible—and that’s what you can see. At the low end of the garage where the most fill was added, significant soil settlement can occur. One crack is about 4 feet long and runs straight through about 4 different tiles, not following the grout lines. But with almost everything else level in the house, Ia€™m starting to think it was already like that, and I just never noticed it before. The result can be future slab settlement and cracking, exacerbated by changes in site conditions (more water, less water, freezing, drying) that may affect the soil below the slab. If radon and water entry are not an issue in your area you might live with the cosmetic defect for a while.
Today a co-worker and I noticed that the unfinished 2nd floor (cement) has cracks in it all of which (mostly) follow the pattern of the beams. Other than that, I don't think we know have enough experience to properly evaluate the situation. We went back recently (we are temporarily relocated) and we noticed a crack in the concrete that we are sure was not there before. I suggest asking a local mason or building contractor or home inspector for a diagnostic inspection to make the cause of the water clear - that should then lead to a sensible fix. It would require a remarkably strong connection and tremendous force and a bit of a lean before that pressure might affect a concrete floor slab - and if it occurred, the cracking would be most likely close to and parallel to the wall. The stucco is falling off the outside, the right side of my garage door seems to be buckling, the foundation in the garage has spider webbed with small cracks and has one large crack running from the entry door all the way across the garage and outside.
Also, where slab crack meets poured foundation walls, there are cracks in the foundation wall and step cracks in brick veneer. For example, expansive clay below a slab could when soaked, expand and push the slab upwards. Check with your engineer about the slab thickness, hardness, reinforcement, versus the loads that will be imposed by the new structure. Since some contractors use a fiber-reinforced cement and may omit steel reinforcement in floor slabs, this condition may occur. Ed Seaquist was among the first speakers invited to a series of educational conferences organized by D Friedman for ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors, where the topic of inspecting the in-service condition of building structures was first addressed.
It gives a good grasp of how seismic forces move through a building and how to calculate those forces at various locations. Well liked for its mixture of theory and practice the new edition will complement Hinks and Cook's student textbook on defects at the practitioner level. Also, rocket stoves are designed to be so simple than anyone can make one with a few standard tools in an afternoon. The total wall thickness will include the veneer wythe plus the thickness of the wall structure itself.
Now, the founder of a national home inspection school and inspection training curriculum shares his extensive experience in the inspection industry with everyday viewers looking to learn more about the process of evaluating homes. Snap a picture with your iPhone of a napkin design you doodled at lunch and shoot it off to us.
The panels can be applied horizontally like a Sonoran or Standard carport or like the Sierra offers – vertical. If cleaning is required, either conventional detergents or solvent-type cleaners can be used. Foreign steel, which is used by many of our competitors, is just like canned soup from Mexico – do you want to believe the purported ingredients? You then drive this rod (with sledge or jackhammer) which pushes the MR-68 into the ground.
When you cover things up with concrete no one can tell what’s in there unless you have documented it. If the slab was also not reinforced and if a lot of soil settlement occurs under this floor, it could collapse suddenly, say when your car is parked there. My realtor has scheduled a meeting with the contractor to look at the cracks, but I would like a second opinion. No wall cracks at slab crack location, but there is sheetrock crack in other locations in the house. But I am wondering whether the kitchen staining could be from a crack underneath the floor. Or alternatiely, soaked sewage waters may have caused settlement of poorly-compacted fill below a slab, contributing to uneven settlement of the floor on either side of an existing crack. Without knowing the slab design and ingredients I'd be careful about placing loads just anywhere. Quoting: BRANZ is an independent and impartial research, testing, consulting and information company providing resources for the building industry. Professor Wickersheimer specializes in structural failure investigation and repair for wood and masonry construction. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order.
Could water stain the floor without causing any flooding or noticeable issues other than the dark color? Reflects the most recent provisions of the 2003 International Building Code and 2001 National Design Specification for Wood Construction.
Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Now take a washer and nut and tighten up the all thread bolt that you’ve put through one of the holes in the Z bracket. Wickersheimer's engineering consulting service can be contacted at HDC Wickersheimer Engineering Services. Continuing the sterling standard set by earlier editions, this indispensable reference clearly explains the best wood design techniques for the safe handling of gravity and lateral loads.
Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material. Strong enough to be one of the top 5 most damaging hurricanes, but NOT STRONG ENOUGH to damage an Absolute Steel structure! Witnesses to pour said that the temperature was over 100 and the contractor had no water on site. Carefully revised and updated to include the new 2003 International Building Code, ASCE 7-02 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, the 2001 National Design Specification for Wood Construction, and the most recent Allowable Stress Design. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. It gets slightly larger at the bottom (where it meets the ground) It is in one area bout 2 feet.

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