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If you are using traditional screws, mark the legs where they meet up with the panel at the top and bottom (where the panel is covered in trim. It is always recommended to apply a test coat on a hidden area or scrap piece to ensure color evenness and adhesion.
I like how u use the building with the highest HP, the TH, as a meat shield for your DE store. Interested in a clan intent on harnessing the energy of mahou shoujo (magical girls, ie archers) to combat entropic decay and postpone the heat death of the universe? Mastering your Defense Tactics can help protect your Town Hall, Trophy and your hard earned Resources.
This article provides building code specifications, sketches, photographs, and examples of the proper stair step height or stair riser dimensions and other stair riser requirements for indoor or outdoor stairways. We also discuss the allowable variation in stair or step riser height between individual steps in a stairway. Because more people are injured by trips and falls than other hazards, experts have looked closely at the specifications for stairs, steps, and rails to reduce the falling hazards.
A stair riser (green arrow in our photo at above left) is the vertical distance (green arrow) between the walking surface of two stair treads (treads are what you step on) is the stair riser or riser height.
Stair riser heights The riser height shall be measured vertically between the leading edges of adjacent treads. Stair treads: The stair tread is the horizontal walking surface (red arrow) of an individual step. Closed riser stairs (demonstrated at left by the author's granddaughter Quinn Morgan Gilligan) include a vertical riser board (that my toe is kicking against).
If the vertical space is enclosed (see our Carson Dunlop sketch above), the enclosing board is called the stair riser.
Step riser slope (out of vertical) (<= 30 deg measured from horizontal surface of the tread) - this stair specification means the rather obvious hazard that if stairs are pitched or sloped users are more likely to trip and fall. Closed riser stairs include a board or other solid material that encloses the vertical space between stair treads. Or simply put, open riser stairs have no enclosure (my toe, shown above would be facing into open space). Open riser stairs (shown at right in the sketch above) do not include a solid board or other material that fully encloses the open space between stair treads.
The lovely stairway shown at left rises to the main entry for the Maria Mitchell Observatory on the Vassar College Campus, Poughkeepsie, New York. They are closed riser stairs (except for that broken missing riser at the first step) because the cast iron gridwork defines the limits of placement of the leading toe of a foot of someone ascending these steps. What happens if you make any step riser less than 4" is that walkers tend to trip over the mini-step as an obstruction rather than recognizing it as a step up. Stair risers, or the vertical distance between the stair treads, that are too tall are difficult to climb and are a falling or trip hazard. Stair risers that are too short can also be a trip hazard if the stair treads themselves (the walking surface of the stair or step) are not large enough.
Stair risers that are uneven or irregular in height are also a serious trip and fall hazard.

Experts suggest that for more physically limited people the best way avoid falls is to seek living accomodations on a single floor.
Continue reading at STAIR TREAD DIMENSIONS or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below.
Question: Using pre-fab stairs - Is there an exception to the riser height variation for the very first step of the staircase?
Watch out: be sure to measure the height difference (deck surface to ground surface) at a projected point along a horizontal line from the edge of the deck out to the location, in horizontal distance, of the front edge of the nose of the very first or lowest step of the stairway.
If you need a greater adjustment in the stair height between the ground surface and the deck surface in order to avoid having to re-cut a whole new pair of stair stringers, sometimes that can be accommodated by changing the height of the surface of the concrete or other masonry platform that many building departments and local codes require be placed as a landing at the bottom of the stairs. I figured that if I could determine the optimum number of steps to comfortably traverse the distance of the slope of my proposed staircase I would then know the correct number of treads. So I marked off the landing locations and simply walked up and down the slope while counting the number of steps I took as I did so.
In this case I took 14 steps to travel the slope which equates to 14 treads - 24a€? long. I also counted steps made on level ground over the same distance as the length of the stair and came up with 12 so I think 14 is conservative considering the slope but about right for my needs.
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order.
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The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. OSHA estimates that there are 24,882 injuries and as many as 36 fatalities per year due to falls from stairways and ladders used in construction. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore.
This leans towards the top a bit and I don't like the fact that enemy troops basically need to touch the bottom walls to get in range of my central mortar and to trigger the clan castle as well. Even if you are Clash of Clans addicted, you still spend a lot times log off from the game and have your defense protecting your village. We compare the code requirements for closed riser and open riser stairs and we include other basic stair tread and riser dimensions. This work has been translated into stair and railing specifications that are similar among codes and countries (but not identical). The tread depth is measured from the forward edge of the step nose or edge of the step above out to the leading edge of the step being measured - the space beneath my foot in the photo at left. Outdoor stairs that are exposed to wet or icy conditions are an even more serious falling hazard if the stairs are sloped. This 4-inch opening dimension has the same basis as the rule that requires that the opening between stair balusters must be 4" or smaller. While we never recommend building a known trip hazard, if a an existing walkway cannot avoid step risers less than 4" high, because it is a trip hazard (and probably a code violation in most jurisdictions) you can at least reduce the risk by using clear color changes to give a visual clue marking the changes in height. Affi et als (2014 and earlier) have weighted the contributions of various stair features to the risk of a stair fall, considering for example, straight versus turned stairways, with or without landings, number of steps, handraiil design, lighting specifications, and step design specifications (using a tread depth of 269mm and a riser height of 174mm with a 40 mm tread nosing in a case example to state various risk contributors.

That will avoid any error in calculating total stairway height due to any slope in the actual ground surface.
Bernie Campbalik who taught us carpentry, including stair building, used a rule of thumb that basically makes the run longer when the rise is shorter. I now think any rule can at best only make general recommendations for all the low-slope possibilities. The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones. Nearly half of these injuries are serious enough to require time off the job--11,570 lost workday injuries and 13,312 non-lost workday injuries occur annually due to falls from stairways and ladders used in construction. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively.
I want to build this in Full size for my brother-- who weighs over 360lbs and is "the breaker of box springs".
But, the mortars are protecting eachother this way and central mortar is very well protected.
Stair tread depths shall be 11 inches (279 mm) minimum.The stair tread depth shall be measured horizontally between the vertical planes of the foremost projection of adjacent treads and at right angle to the tread's leading edge. I've seen several rules such as the sum of one tread and one riser should always be equal or greater than 17; I think we need to dig out some texts on stair design such as those in the references. The adhesion and friction forces of the confined biopolymer were monitored as a function of time, shearing distance, and driving velocity under a large range of compressive loads (pressures). Study of frictional values of car tires involved in collisions on snow or ice covered roadways. Suggestions for adapting pre-fabricated stairways to the to the actual overall stairway height without violating building stair codes & standards. It may be impractical to fix this condition by a new stairway for the same reason - there just isn't enough space. The concept is that a low rise stair usually has, just as you suggest, a tread that provides a "longer" walking surface.
More importantly, they show that compliance with OSHA's requirements for the safe use of ladders and stairways could have prevented many of these injuries. Be sure to reduce the falling hazard at steep stairs by providing good lighting and secure handrails. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Galow specializes in residential construction including both new homes and repairs, renovations, and additions. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.

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