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The design and versatility of Quad Series makes it stand a cut above the rest case goods that fall in the same range.
It is with Quad collection that you will find it simple to configure your office for teams making coordination of tasks a little easier. This entry was posted in Articles, Reviews and News and tagged groupe lacasse quad series, lacasse office furniture quad collection, Quad, quad collection, quad series by support. We have built a high-performance computing and visualization cluster that takes advantage of the synergies afforded by coupling central processing units (CPUs), graphics processing units (GPUs), displays, and storage. We have deployed an infrastructure for interacting with the cluster using standard desktops, cluster-connected workstations, and large-scale display technologies. EPA 40 CFR 60 section OOOO (Quad O) enforces that oil and gas storage vessels emitting six tpy of volatile organic compounds are required to remove VOC emissions using a combustion device or recovery system. The following is a supplement to a Sage Metering White Paper by Bob Steinberg, “Flare Gas Measurement Using Thermal Mass Flow Meters,” dated July 2013. EPA 40 CFR 60 Subpart OOOO applies to performance standards pertaining to crude oil and natural gas production, transmission and distribution.
Additionally, stringent environmental regulations often require the measuring of flare gas to the atmosphere. There are regulations worldwide providing guidelines to the operation of combustion devices.
Quad O applies to numerous areas in oil and gas production including oil and gas wells, (during hydraulic fracturing), vents from storage tanks, centrifugal compressors with wet seals, equipment leaks and continuous bleed pneumatic controllers.
The EPA defines a storage vessel as a tank or container that contains crude oil, condensate, intermediate hydrocarbon liquids, or produced water.
The EPA has imposed a minimum emission threshold of six tons per year (tpy) of VOCs for storage vessels. Quad O requires using a combustion device (flare, combustor or thermal oxidizer) to destroy the VOCs.
To reduce the VOC emissions from storage tank vents and the vent from centrifugal compressors with wet seals, Quad O requires using a combustion device (flare, combustor or thermal oxidizer) to destroy the VOCs. The regulations require that the combustion control devices, being used at a storage vessel or centrifugal compressor, demonstrate compliance with Quad O requirements.
Some combustion device manufacturers have opted to conduct extensive performance testing to prequalify that their equipment will meet the EPA’s Quad O requirements (section 60.5413(d)). Thermal mass flow meters are an ideal product to measure the gas flow rate to the combustion device. For the user that installs a combustion control device which has been tested and approved by the EPA to meet the performance requirements, the installation of a continuous monitoring system is required. 1.  A flow meter to measure the gas flow rate at the inlet of the combustion control device. The manufacturer’s performance testing determines flow rates where 95% removal of the VOCs is obtained. Quad O requirements also address natural gas emissions at the wellhead during hydraulic fracturing (fracking) operations. For monitoring and record keeping, the user is required to monitor the time (in hours) that the combustion device is operating.
Subpart OOOO only applies to facilities constructed, modified or reconstructed after August 23, 2011. With the exception of storage vessels, compliance is no later than October 15, 2012 or on startup.


Storage tanks constructed between August 23, 2011 and April 12, 2013, must be in compliance by April 15, 2015.These vessels are considered Group 1 tanks.
Storage tanks that come on-line after April 12, 2013 must have been in compliance by April 15, 2014 or 60 days after startup.
These regulations also apply to any new installations or modifications to existing equipment or increase in production. For storage vessels emitting six tons per year of VOCs, the EPA requires a combustion device or recovery system to remove VOC emissions. The EPA deadline is April 15, 2015 for Quad O compliance for Group 1 storage tanks built between August 2011 and April 2013. The Sage Metering thermal mass flow meter is ideal to support those needs for continuous control devices. If you need assistance with designing a thermal mass flow meter for an application, we welcome you to call us at (866) 677-7243.
Alex has been working in the natural gas industry for over twenty years and regularly adds her voice to Sage Metering’s website and blog.
It has won several awards including the Bronze 2012-Innovative award, the silver best Neo-con award both in 2003 and 2012. This is one reliable case good that you never think twice need to have it added in your office.
In anticipation of the larger cluster, our work on the operating system has focused on developing an automated installation of the customized components and automated mechanisms for updating them across a much larger cluster. Flare gas systems are operational in oil and gas production, refining, chemical processing, gas plants, wastewater treatment facilities and landfills. The 2013 white paper discusses the inherent challenges associated with measuring and monitoring flare gas, such as substantial flow variation, potential for changing gas composition and working in hazardous locations. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires the measurement, recording and reporting of flare gas emitted to the atmosphere. These standards are referred to as New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and are found in 40 CFR Part 60.
A significant portion of Subpart OOOO (Quad O) deals with the emissions from storage vessels in the oil and natural gas production areas, natural gas processing plants, natural gas transmission facilities and in storage areas. The storage vessels can be located anyplace from the oil well to where the oil is transferred to transmission pipelines. The testing includes determining the gas flow rate range of the combustor where at least 95% combustion of the VOCs is obtained. This system ensures that the combustion control device is operating within the parameters established during the original performance testing.
During the operation, the user must continually measure the flow rate to the combustion unit to ensure that the actual flow rate is within the operational range established during the performance testing and approved by the EPA. They provide a direct mass flow measurement without the need for temperature or pressure correction, high turndown capabilities permitting service over a very broad operation range, easy installation, and extremely low pressure drop with high reliability. Additionally, the facility is required to record the location of the well, API well number, duration of flowback, period of recovery to the flow line, length of combustion and venting, and specific reasons for venting (rather than capturing or combustion).
Also visit our Build-a-Meter(c), an innovative interactive website tool that can be used to design a flow meter for a particular application. This is an indication that it’s reliable, and when you purchase it you are assured of high utility value and durability. It is with the use of the latest technology on the market that you will always have a product that stands the test of time.


In this case, a continuous monitoring system is essential and will require the use of a flare gas flow meter or thermal mass flowmeter. The measurement and monitoring of flare gas are necessary to ensure the combustion device system is operating correctly.
The publication reveals how thermal mass flow meters provide solutions for flare gas measurement and monitoring in many applications. The NSPS apply to new, modified and reconstructed affected facilities in specific source categories such as manufacturers of glass, cement, rubber tires and wool fiberglass. EPA 40 CFR 60 Subpart OOOO, also known as Quad O, is the mandate which includes emission standards and compliance schedules for the reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and SO2 emissions from facilities that began construction or had modifications or renovations, after August 23, 2011. In natural gas production and transmission, tanks may be used right up to the point where the gas arrives at the distribution system. Without the end user acquiring a prequalified unit, with the manufacturer’s certification, the user needs to conduct extensive performance testing after installation.
Any deviation where the actual flow rate is above or below the established range must be reported. In this case, a continuous control monitoring mechanism is required to demonstrate Quad O compliance.
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The EPA deadline for storage vessels built between August 2011 and April 2013 is April 15, 2015. The EPA projects that as many as 46,000 new or recently modified storage tanks need to be compliant with EPA 40 CFR 60 Subpart OOOO by April 15, 2015, or when the tank is first placed into service. Direct release of the gas to the atmosphere must be minimized, and any discharge must go to a combustion device. Its linear design makes it great for offices, while the horizontal and vertical storage facilities are what make it easier for you to express your very personality in office. Its exceptional ability to help you configure your office in more than two layouts is a plus.
The user must demonstrate that the uncontrolled emissions are less than six tpy on a monthly basis. The combustion device requirements for natural gas from fracking are more stringent than for storage tanks or compressor seals, since nearly-complete combustion is required (as opposed to 95%). We are also evaluating tools to provide software-based remote display access based on VNC and the HP Remote Workstation Solutions. If the flow rate increases to six tpy then a control system to reduce VOC emissions from the tank by 95% must be installed.
It is much easy to configure your office in a classical design when you have Quad, and even much easier if you prefer to have your office in modern style.
These solutions allow remote users to monitor the cluster displays at reduced frame rates over local area networks.
This is a key tool for developers, who may wish to work from their own desk while interacting with the cluster.



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