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It's no fairytale - one day, you can be free from all the hurt, hunger, aloneness, crime, and chaos infecting the world today.
Answer: A The Scriptures promise that Jesus will return to this earth in the same manner that He left at His ascension--in a visible, literal, bodily, personal manner. Answer: A Every man, woman, and child living in the world when Jesus returns will see Him at His second coming. Answer: A Jesus is coming back to this earth to reward His people as He promised and to take them to the beautiful home He has prepared for them. Answer: A The righteous dead will be raised from their graves, given perfect, immortal bodies like that of Christ, and caught up into the clouds to meet the Lord. A A Does the Bible give specific information regarding the nearness of Christ's second coming?
Answer: A a€?Satan has invented many false teachings about the second coming and is deceiving millions into believing that Christ has already come or that He will come in some non-biblical manner. Answer: A There is great danger in becoming so busy with the cares of this life or so entranced by the pleasures of sin that the coming of the Lord may slip up on us as the Flood did on the world in Noah's day, and we will be surprised, unprepared, and lost. It is true that a terrible tribulation will cover the earth just before Jesus returns to deliver His people.
9.A A Does the Bible give specific information regarding the nearness of Christ's second coming? Answer: A Satan has invented many false teachings about the second coming and is deceiving millions into believing that Christ has already come or that He will come in some non-biblical manner. DESCRIPTION: This is the largest map of its kind to have survived in tact and in good condition from such an early period of cartography. These place names are in Lincolnshire (Holdingham and Sleaford are the modern forms), and this Richard has been identified as one Richard de Bello, prebend of Lafford in Lincoln Cathedral about the year 1283, who later became an official of the Bishop of Hereford, and in 1305 was appointed prebend of Norton in Hereford Cathedral.
While the map was compiled in England, names and descriptions were written in Latin, with the Norman dialect of old French used for special entries. Here, my dear Son, my bosom is whence you took flesh Here are my breasts from which you sought a Virgina€™s milk.
The other three figures consist of a woman placing a crown on the Virgin Mary and two angels on their knees in supplication.
Still within this decorative border, in the left-hand bottom corner, the Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus is enthroned and crowned with a papal triple tiara and delivers a mandate with his seal attached, to three named commissioners. In the right-hand bottom corner an unidentified rider parades with a following forester holding a pair of greyhounds on a leash.
The geographical form and content of the Hereford map is derived from the writings of Pliny, Solinus, Augustine, Strabo, Jerome, the Antonine Itinerary, St. As is traditional with the T-O design, there is the tripartite division of the known world into three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa.
EUROPE: When we turn to this area of the Hereford map we would expect to find some evidence of more contemporary 13th century knowledge and geographic accuracy than was seen in Africa or Asia, and, to some limited extent, this theory is true.
France, with the bordering regions of Holland and Belgium is called Gallia, and includes all of the land between the Rhine and the Pyrenees.
Norway and Sweden are shown as a peninsula, divided by an arm of the sea, though their size and position are misrepresented. On the other side of Europe, Iceland, the Faeroes, and Ultima Tile are shown grouped together north of Norway, perhaps because the restricting circular limits of the map did not permit them to be shown at a more correct distance.
The British Isles are drawn on a larger scale than the neighboring parts of the continent, and this representation is of special interest on account of its early date. On the Hereford map, the areas retain their Latin names, Britannia insula and Hibernia, Scotia, Wallia, and Cornubia, and are neatly divided, usually by rivers, into compartments, North and South Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, England, and Scotland. THE MEDITERRANEAN: The Mediterranean, conveniently separating the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, teems with islands associated with legends of Greece and Rome. Mythical fire-breathing creature with wings, scales and claws; malevolent in west, benevolent in east. 4.A A  For bibliographical information on these and other (including lost) cartographical exemplars, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p.
10.A A  For bibliographical information for editions and translations of the source texts, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p. 11.A A  More detailed analysis of these data can be found in my a€?Lessons from Legends on the Hereford Mappa Mundi,a€? Hereford Mappa Mundi Conference proceedings volume being edited by Barber and Harvey (see n. 16.A A  Danubius oritur ab orientali parte Reni fluminis sub quadam ecclesia, et progressus ad orientem, . 23.A A  The a€?standarda€? Latin forms of these place-names and the modern English equivalents are those recorded in the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, ed.
From the time when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography.
FROM THE TIME when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. Details from the Hereford map of the Blemyae and the Psilli.a€? Typical of the strange creatures or 'Wonders of the East' derived by Richard of Haldingham from classical sources and placed in Ethiopia. Equally important work was also being done on medieval and Renaissance world maps as a genre, particularly by medievalists such as Anna-Dorothee von den Brincken and Jorg-Geerd Arentzen in Germany and by Juergen Schulz, primarily an art historian, and David Woodward, a leading historian of cartography, in the United States. The Hereford World Map is the only complete surviving English example of a type of map which was primarily a visualization of all branches of knowledge in a Christian framework and only secondly a geographical object. After the fall of the Roman empire in the 5th century, monks and scholars struggled desperately to preserve from destruction by pagan barbarians the flotsam and jetsam of classical history and learning; to consolidate them and to reconcile them with Christian teaching and biblical history. There would have been several models to choose from, corresponding to the widely differing cartographic traditions inside the Roman Empire, but it seems that the commonest image descended from a large map of the known world that was created for a portico lining the Via Flaminia near the Capitol in Rome during Christ's lifetime.
Recent writers such as Arentzen have suggested that, simply because of their sheer availability, from an early date different versions of this map may have been used to illustrate texts by scholars such as St. Eventually some of the information from the texts became incorporated into the maps themselves, though only sparingly at first.
A broad similarity in coastlines with the Hereford map is clear in the Anglo-Saxon [Cottonian] World Map, c.1000 (#210), but there are no illustrations of animals other than the lion (top left). The resulting maps ranged widely in shape and appearance, some being circular, others square.
A few maps of the inhabited world were much more detailed, though keeping to the same broad structure and symbolism. Most of these earlier maps were book illustrations, none were particularly big and the maps were always considered to need textual amplification. From about 1100, however, we know from contemporary descriptions in chronicles and from the few surviving inventories that larger world maps were produced on parchment, cloth and as wall paintings for the adornment of audience chambers in palaces and castles as well as, probably, of altars in the side chapels of religious buildings. A separate written text of an encyclopedic nature, probably written by the map's intellectual creator, however, was still intended to accompany many if not all these large maps and one may originally have accompanied the Hereford world map. These maps seem largely to have been inspired by English scholars working at home or in Europe. The most striking novelty, however, was the vastly increased number of depictions of peoples, animals, and plants of the world copied from illustrations in contemporary handbooks on wildlife, commonly called bestiaries and herbals. Mentions in contemporary records and chronicles, such as those of Matthew Paris, make it plain that these large world maps were once relatively common. At about the same time that this map was being created, Henry III, perhaps after consultation with Gervase, who had visited him in 1229, commissioned wall maps to hang in the audience chambers of his palaces in Winchester and Westminster. The Hereford Mappamundi is the only full size survivor of these magnificent, encyclopedic English-inspired maps.
An inscription in Norman-French at the bottom left attributes the map to Richard of Haldingham and Sleaford. A Terms:AFNHSS a€“ Abrahamic-Faith Nazarene Hebraic Study Scriptures Yahushua a€“ Common title in the west is Jesus, the real name is Yahushua. And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? The staggering threefold (Luke 9:26) brightness of His coming will stretch from horizon to horizon, and the atmosphere will be charged with brilliant glory like lightning. As the cloud nears the earth, Jesus will send His angels, and they will quickly gather together all of the righteous people in preparation for the trip back to heaven (Matthew 24:31). He will restore to His people all of the joys and glories of Eden that Adam and Eve lost by sinning. Then the righteous living will also be given bodies like Christ and will be caught up to meet the Lord in the air. This earthquake will be of such a devastating nature that it will leave the world in a state of total destruction. Through the Holy Spirit and my conscience, Jesus knocks and asks to come into my heart so that He can change my life. The circle of the world is set in a somewhat rectangular frame background with a pointed top, and an ornamented border of a zig-zag pattern often found in psalter-maps of the period (#223). Show pity, as you said you would, on all Who their devotion paid to me for you made me Savioress.
Olympus and such cities as Athens and Corinth; the Delphic oracle, misnamed Delos, is represented by a hideous head.
James (Roxburghe Club) 1929, with representations from manuscripts in the British Library and the Bodleian Library, and a€?Marvels of the Easta€?, by R.
The upper-left corner of the Hereford Map, showing north and east Asia (compare to the contents on Chart 3). 1), however, call attention to a remarkable degree of accuracy in the relationship of toponymsa€”for cities, rivers, and mountainsa€”both in EMM and in Hereford Map legends.A  On the Asia Minor littoral, for example, one passage in EMM links 39 place-names in a running series, 23 of which are found in Chart 4 (and visible, in almost exactly parallel order, on Fig. 5, above).A  Treating islands separately from the eartha€™s three a€?partsa€? follows the organizational style adopted by Isidore of Seville, Honorius Augustodunensis, and other medieval geographical authorities. Note Lincoln on its hill and Snowdon ('Snawdon'), Caernarvon and Conway in Wales, referring to the castles Edward I was building there when the map was being created.
In England, a detailed study of its less obvious features, such as the sequences of its place names and some of its coastal outlines by G.
The Psilli reputedly tested the virtue of their wives by exposing their children to serpents. The cumulative effect has been to enable us at last to evaluate the map in terms of its actual (largely non-geographical and not exclusively religious) purpose, the age in which it was created and in the context of the general development of European cartography. The Old and New Testaments contained few doctrinal implications for geography, other than a bias in favor of an inhabited world consisting of three interlinked continents containing descendants of Noah's three sons.
This now-lost map was referred to in some detail by a number of classical writers and it seems to have been created under the direction of Emperor Augustus's son-in-law, Vipsanius Agrippa (63-12 BC) for official purposes.
As the centuries went by, more and more was included with references to places associated with events in classical history and legend (particularly fictionalized tales about Alexander the Great) and from biblical history with brief notes on and the very occasional illustration of natural history. Note also the Roman provincial boundaries, the relative accuracy of the British coastlines (lower left) and the attention paid to the Balkans and Denmark, with which Saxon England had close contacts.
Some, often oriented to the north, attempted to show the whole world in zones, with the inhabited earth occupying the zone between the equator and the frozen north. They were never intended to convey purely geographical information or to stand alone without explanatory text. Often a 'context' for them would have been provided by the other secular as well as religious surrounding decorations.
For many maps continued to be used primarily for educational, including theological, purposes.
They reached their fullest development in the thirteenth century when Englishmen like Roger Bacon, John of Holywood (Sacrobosco), Robert Grosseteste and Matthew Paris were playing an inordinately large part in creative geographical thinking in Europe. In most, if not all of these maps, the strange peoples or 'Marvels of the East' are shown occupying Ethiopia on the right (southern) edge, as on the Hereford map.
Exposure to light, fire, water, and religious bigotry or indifference over the centuries has, however, led to the destruction of most of them.
Both are now lost but it seems quite likely that the so-called 'Psalter Map', produced in London in the early 1260s and now owned by the British Library, is a much reduced copy of the map that hung in Westminster Palace.
Despite some broad similarities in arrangement and content, however, there are very considerable differences from the Ebstorf and the 'Westminster Palace' maps in details - like the precise location of wildlife, the portrayal of some coastlines and islands, or in the recent information incorporated. We cannot know the exact day and hour of Christ's return (Matthew 24:36), but we can be confident that we are the people who will live to see Jesus return. In Phrygia there is born an animal called bonnacon; it has a bulla€™s head, horsea€™s mane and curling horns, when chased it discharges dung over an extent of three acres which burns whatever it touches. India also has the largest elephants, whose teeth are supposed to be of ivory; the Indians use them in war with turrets (howdahs) set on them.
The linx sees through walls and produces a black stonea€” a valuable carbuncle in its secret parts. A tiger when it sees its cub has been stolen chases the thief at full speed; the thief in full flight on a fast horse drops a mirror in the track of the tiger and so escapes unharmed.
Agriophani Ethiopes eat only the flesh of panthers and lions they have a king with only one eye in his forehead. Men with doga€™s heads in Norway; perhaps heads protected with furs made them resemble dogs. Essendones live in Scythia it is their custom to carry out the funeral of their parents with singing and collecting a company of friends to devour the actual corpses with their teeth and make a banquet mingled with the flesh of animals counting it more glorious to be consumed by them than by worms. Solinus: they occupy the source of the Ganges and live only on the scent of apples of the forest if they should perceive any smell they die instantly. Himantopodes; they creep with crawling legs rather than walk they try to proceed by sliding rather than by taking steps. The Monocoli in India are one-legged and swift when they want to be protected from the heat of the sun they are shaded by the size of their foot. Flint, a€?The Hereford Map:A  Its Author(s), Two Scenes and a Border,a€? Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser. Nevertheless, it placed a somewhat misleading emphasis on the map's geographical 'inaccuracies', its depiction of fabulous creatures and supposedly religious purpose, all clothed in what for the layman must have seemed an air of wildly esoteric learning and near-impenetrable medieval mystery. Recent research suggests this is a reference to African traders in medicinal drugs who visited ancient Rome.
Today, with the map in the headlines of the popular press, it may be time to give a brief resume of what is currently known about it and to attempt to explain some of its more important features in the light of recent research. In the eyes of some (but by no means all) theologians, a fourth inhabited continent, the Antipodes, would implicitly have denied the descent of mankind from Noah, and the depiction of such a continent was deemed to be heretical by them. It was based on survey and on military itineraries and reflected the political and administrative realities of the time. Where space allowed, reference was also made to important contemporary towns, regions, and geographical features such as freshly-opened mountain passes. Most of the maps, however, like the Hereford Mappamundi, depicted only that part of the world that was known in classical times to be inhabited and they were oriented with east at the top. Traces of the maps' classical origins could regularly be seen in, for instance, the continued depiction of the provincial boundaries of the Roman Empire (which are partly visible on the Hereford map) and for many centuries by the island of Delos which had been sacred to the early Greeks being the centre of the inhabited world. They and the texts that they adorned continued to be copied by hand until late in the 15th century and are to be found in early printed books.
God dominates the world and the 'Marvels of the East' occupy the lower right edge of the map, as they do on the Hereford map. Together they would have provided a propaganda backdrop for the public appearances of the ruler, ruling body, noble or cleric who had commissioned them, and some may have been able to stand alone as visual histories. The Hereford map, as an inscription at the lower left corner tells us, was certainly intended for use as a visual encyclopedia, to be 'heard, read and seen' by onlookers. Because of the maps' size, they were able to include far more information and illustration than their predecessors. More space was also found for current political references and information derived from contemporary military, religious and commercial itineraries. Today, the earliest survivor, dating from the beginning of the thirteenth century, is a badly damaged example now in Vercelli Cathedral, probably having been brought to Italy in about 1219 by a papal legate returning from England.
We know from Matthew Paris that the Westminster map was copied by others, and it is likely to have had a lasting influence even though the original was destroyed in 1265. A Latin legend in the bottom right corner of the Hereford map refers to the 5th century Christian propagandist Orosius as the main source for the map, but as we have already seen, it incorporates information from numerous ancient and thirteenth century sources and adds its own interpretations of them.
The map is an outstanding example of a map type that had evolved over the preceding eight centuries. These powerful verses are like a mirror.A If you will be brave enough to look honestly into that mirror, you will find that Paul lists fifteen powerfulA points about the love of God and how it behaves.
First, Paulos commonly known as Paul was a Rabbi in the first century and a Pharisee; The title of Rabbi and Pharisee is usually synonymous at least for our purpose of study. And these are just a few of many, many positive signs that show we are in the closing days of earth's history.
Spiritism has invaded the churches, as well, with the false teaching of the immortality of the soul. For example, Jesus stated specifically that He will not appear in the desert or come to the seance chambers (verse 26). As a free gift, He bestows upon me His own righteous character so I can stand unafraid before a holy God when my life is changed by Jesus. They surround the holy city to capture it (Revelation 20:9), and fire comes down from God out of heaven and devours them. From its literal meaning in Greek it also signifies the plant ox-tongue, so called from its shape and roughness of its leaves. Conventionally holds a mirror in one hand, combing lovely hair with the other According to myth created by Ea, Babylonian water god.
The large city at the top edge is Babylon (its description is the map's longest legend [A§181). 12-30.A  The conservator Christopher Clarkson drew my attention to the gouge in the Mapa€™s former frame. Talbert (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), which I employ throughout my book, but with the caution that in dealing with the manuscript culture of medieval Europe, it is misleading and anachronistic to speak of a€?standarda€? or a€?correcta€? spellings, especially of geographical words. Casual visitors to the dark aisle where it hung could see only a dark, dirty image which they were encouraged to view in a pious, but also rather condescending manner. Crone of the Royal Geographical Society, revealed that despite the antiquity of many of the map's sources much was almost contemporary with the map's creation and was secular. Much of the text that follows is an amplification of information panels and leaflets prepared for the British Library's current display of the map. Most medieval mapmakers seem to have accepted this constraint, but world maps showing four continents are not uncommon: notably the world maps created by Beatus of Liebana (#207) in the late 8th century to illustrate his Commentary on the Apocalypse of St.
It may have incorporated information from an earlier survey commissioned by Julius Caesar and, to judge from some early references, it may originally have shown four continents. These texts owed much to classical writers, particularly Pliny the Elder (23-79), who himself derived much of his information from still earlier writers such as the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus. As befitted the encyclopedic texts that they illustrated, the maps became visual encyclopedias of human and divine knowledge and not mere geographical maps. Many were purely schematic and symbolic, showing a T, representing the Mediterranean, the Don and the Nile, surrounded by an 0, for the great ocean encircling the world, sometimes with a fourth continent being added. It was only from about 1120 that Jerusalem took Oclos' place as the focal point of the map, as it does on the Hereford Mappamundi.

They retained and expanded the geographical and historical elements of the older maps - coastlines, layout and place names on the maps frequently reveal their ancestry - but to them they added several novel features. Inscriptions of varying lengths amplified the pictures and sometimes contained references to their sources. Much better preserved, until its destruction in 1943, was the famous Ebstorf world map of about 1235. It is difficult to account otherwise for the striking similarities in detailed arrangement and content between the Psalter world map, the recently discovered 'Duchy of Cornwall' fragment (probably commissioned in about 1285 by a cousin of Edward I for his foundation, Ashridge College in Hertfordshire) and the Aslake world map fragments of about 1360.
In many of its details it particularly resembles the Anglo-Saxon World Map of about 1000 and the twelfth century Henry of Mainz world map in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. A Rabbi in the first century would not teach to disobey Gda€™s law because everything a person did in the first century would be judged by the laws in the Torah by the Jerusalem Sanhedrin.
Jesus is coming soon, but there is a lot of popular misconceptions regarding just how He's coming.
Even religious leaders are denying the plain Bible teachings of Creation, the Flood, the divinity of Christ, the second coming of Christ, and many other vital Bible truths.
Only a small percentage of the citizens of our large cities attend church services regularly, but they jam pleasure resorts by the thousands. There is no reason to be deceived if we learn what God's book teaches about Christ's second coming.
Those who deny, ignore, or make light of Christ's second advent (as a literal, soon-coming event) are specifically fulfilling Bible prophecy--and doing the devil a very great service. Crone points out that this reference has special significance because Augustus had also entrusted his son-in-law, M. Sometimes identified with Sirens, the mythical enchantresses along coasts of the Mediterranean, who lured sailors to destruction by their singing. Amazon means a€?without a breast,a€? according to tradition these women removed the right breast to use the bow. At the right edge, a looping line shows the route of the wandering Israelites in their Exodus from Egypt; it crosses the Jordan to the left of a naked woman who looks over her shoulder at the sinking cities of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Dead Sea (she is Lot's wife, turned into a pillar of salt [A§254]. 400), a text that was often attended during the Middle Ages by diagrammatic a€?mapsa€? illustrating the concept.A  See also David Woodward.
Others delved into the question of its authorship, which had previously been assumed to be obvious from the wording on the map itself.
The medievalized depiction on the bottom left corner of the Hereford world map of 'Caesar Augustus' commissioning a survey of the world from three surveyors representing the three corners of the world may be based on a muddled - and religiously acceptable - memory of these classical events. Even though the inscriptions on the maps gradually became more and more garbled and the information more and more embellished, distorted, and misunderstood, they nevertheless retained their tenuous links with ancient learning.
More than simple geographical shorthand, such maps were also meant to symbolize the crucifixion, the descent of man from Noah's three sons and the ultimate triumph of Christianity.
Palestine itself was usually enlarged far beyond what, on a modern map, would have been its actual proportions. A note on one of the most famous of them, the Ebstorf, says that it could be used for route planning.
Although the maps were still dominated by biblical and classical history and legend, most other information seems to have been acceptable and was accommodated within the traditional framework. Far larger than the Hereford Word Map and much more colorful, it was probably created under the guidance of the itinerant English lawyer, teacher and diplomat, Gervase of Tilbury.
In transmission some facts and text became garbled and some inscriptions are gobbled gook or wrong. A Anyone who did not obey the law of G-d would be seen as an evildoer and this is why many Romans, at least for the Jews in Israel, fell in the camp of evildoers, gentiles and dogs because this was the designation given to gentiles.
So take a few minutes to understand what the Bible really says about the second coming so you won't be left behind! False christs will appear and do miracles on the earth (Matthew 24:23-27), but Jesus will remain in the clouds above the earth at His second coming. It is said that 80percent of the world's total knowledge has been brought forth in the last decade and that 90percent of all the scientists who have ever lived are alive today.
Psychiatry and the traditions of pseudo-intellectuals have replaced the Bible in many religious circles.
The circle one-third of the way from the bottom is Jerusalem, the Map's central point, with a crucifixion scene above it ([A§387-89]).
Its images and decoration have been examined from a stylistic standpoint by Nigel Morgan and put into the context of their time, while the late Wilma George examined the animals in the light of her own zoological knowledge [2] The chance discoveries of fragments of other English medieval world maps in recent years [3] have expanded the context within which the Hereford World Map can be examined, and the Royal Academy exhibition, 'The Age of Chivalry' of 1987 enabled the map to be displayed in the company of other non-cartographic artifacts of its own time. Generally, though, it was not difficult to adapt surviving copies of existing, secular world maps to suit the purposes of Christian writers from the 5th century onwards. This was in order to match its historical importance and to accommodate all the information that had to be conveyed. Christ would, for instance, be shown dominating the world, or the world might even be depicted as the actual body of Christ.
The world was shown as the body of Christ and much space was devoted to the political situation in northern Germany: an area of particular concern to the Duke who may have commissioned it. Secular educators teach our youth to scoff at the Bible record of these great truths and substitute evolution and other man-made, false teachings for the plain, simple facts of God's Holy Word. Pleasure-mad Americans waste billions of hours in front of the TV set in direct fulfillment of 2 Timothy 3:4. The wisest statesmen of our time are concerned for the survival of civilization because crime sweeps forward seemingly beyond control.
People who know what the Bible says about the second coming will not be led astray by Satan.
Carte marine et portulan au XIIe siA?cle:A  Le Liber de existencia riveriarum et forma maris nostri Mediterranei.
The amount of space dedicated to the other parts of the world varied according to their traditional historical or biblical importance and the preoccupations of the author of the text that the map illustrated.
This letter is not written to a church called Galatians or place name even but the Hebrew word Galut means dispersion so this letter is written to the dispersed ones and these were understood in Rabbinic Judaism as the Ten Northern tribes of Israel who were part settled in Asia Minor which is todaya€™s Turkey. It does not take place at a man's death, nor is it figurative--to be manifested by better world conditions.
A recent poll discovered that only two percent of American student ministers believe in the literal second coming of Christ.
Behind the blue band of the river is a grim array of grotesque figures to indicate the existence of primitive peoples. There may be significance in the soulless mermaid placed in the map close to the unattainable Holy Land, or she may be a possible temptation to sea-faring pilgrims. Phillott, wrote that it shows a a€?rejection of all that savoured of scientific geography, .
Because of this, space devoted to the author or patron's homeland was often much exaggerated when judged by modern standards, as in the case of England, Wales and Ireland on the Hereford Mappa Mundi. Crone demonstrated, the Hereford also contains sequences of the more important place names along some major thirteenth century commercial and pilgrimage routes. You could say thatA agape is a love that isna€™t based on response but on a decision to keep on loving, regardless of a recipienta€™s response or lack of response. His part is to work the mighty miracle within me that changes my life and prepares me for His second coming. On a world map, though, as opposed to the strip itinerary maps produced by Matthew Paris in about 1250, the route planning could only have been very approximate and very much incidental to the main purposes. The second coming will be a literal, worldwide, visible, personal appearance of Christ in the clouds to bring this world to an end and to reward or punish all men and women.
Divorce rates are climbing wildly, with nearly one marriage in two ending in the divorce court.
Perfect, holy, happy beings, restored once again to the perfect image of God, will at last be at home in a sinless, spotless world as God originally planned. Note, because of various incorrect accusations he did land in trouble with the Jerusalem Beit Din (House of Judgment) and hence we see the council in Acts 15 issuing various directives for gentiles joining Israel or for returning back to the Olive tree being Israel.
The current immoral generation--with its obsession with sex and filth, with its increasing church membership but decreasing true spirituality--is plain and positive fulfillment of God's Word.
Fulfillment: This prophecy points primarily to the long period of tribulation that took place during the Dark Ages and was instigated by the apostate church. 14), which may have resulted from the survey of the provinces ascribed by tradition to Julius Caesar.
In the Hereford map they could revel in this pictorial description of the outside world, which taught natural history, classical legends, explained the winds and reinforced their religious beliefs.
A A We need to understand Rabbi Paulos was not in a modern church setting but in a synagogue setting. For a real shock, see how many of the last-day sins listed in 2 Timothy 3:1-5 you can find depicted in any issue of your Sunday newspaper. That's why Luke 17:37 speaks of the bodies of the wicked and mentions the eagles (or vultures) gathered around them. Israel did not make churches but made synagogues, while most are quite happy to know that Rabbi Paulos was writing to some church out in the north this is not the case.
The two upright fingers branching up from the Mediterranean are the Aegean and the Black Sea with the Golden Fleece at its extremity. The wordA makros may indicate something that is long, distant, far, remote, or of long duration. A A 1 Chr 16:17 (KJV) "And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant," A Covenants can only be everlasting if the law remains but many Christians lack this understanding.
THE PEOPLE, DISCOURAGED BECAUSE OF THE HEAVY BURDENS IMPOSED ON THEM BY HIS FATHER HUMBLY PETITIONED RECHAVAM FOR AN EASING OF THE HEAVY TAXATION AND WORKLOAD. It can be translated as the words forbearance and patience.A The wordA makrothumia (a€?longsufferinga€?) is like a candle that has a very long wick. The problem with most Christian denominations is that they pick and choose what suits them and most of them walk contrary to G-d and His ways. It is readyA to forbear and patiently wait until a certain person finally comes around, makes progress, changes, or hears what you are trying to communicateA or teach him. By walking contrary to G-d and not obeying His commandments, and also serving other gods in such things as Easter, Lent, Christmas and other Christian unclean days, which are festivals of false gods foreign to YHWH and at the same time saying"I have peace"is a self created deception.
In fact, the harder the fight and the longer the struggle, the more committedA agape love becomes. They will also forfeit the 1000 years of reign that is yet to come, by their actions, as they will lose their first resurrection. Like a candle with an endless wick, it just keeps burning and burning and burning, for it never knows how to quit. 5, AND REDEEMS HIS WIFE FROM THESE PAGAN CULTURES, AND AS CHAPTER 6 vs.1-3 DECLARE, IT WILL BEA "AFTER 2 DAYS," IE. Candles were lighted in many houses; the birds were silent and disappeared, and the fowls retired to roost.
This,A of course, is contrary to human nature, which says, a€?Ia€™m sick and tired of waiting and believing.
Indeed King David was right that He and others like him will be obeying and guarding the law forever and ever.
IN THE MILLENNIUM IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING THE 2 DAYS.A SURELY, WE ARE NOW LIVING IN THIS 3RD. If some of you are living in societies that are worshipping other deities then you may get some understanding of what is going on as Rabbi Paulos had to deal with a highly pagan society with people worshipping other deities.
MILLENNIUM DAY, (2001- And Onwards)A YISRAEL, REJECTING THE PROPHETIC PICTURE OF HOSHEA, THEIR FINAL PROPHET, THEN FALL UNDER THE MISHPAT OF YAHUWEH. Also he had to deal with syncretism, where common names and common practices were being applied to the ways of Yahuweh, but Rabbi Paulos had to correct people not to mix and match worship practices that came from the heathen culture surrounding Turkey. This is the situation Rabbi Paulos finds himself in amongst the people of Galut (dispersion) where he has to deal with a lot of these kinds of issues or how to conduct the business of G-d with equity without putting people out. In other words, God has magnificently bestowed on you sufficient love to be longsuffering in any relationship or situation.A Goda€™s love has literally been poured forth, dispensed, and shed abroad in your heart. A A We are starting from chapter 4 because this is where the debate started where Rabbi Paulos is preaching to the dispersed ones and explaining concepts and terms. Rabbi Paulos says this to mean do not have anything to do with any man that brings you under bondage but instead live in the FREEDOM offered by Yahushua the Son and the Torah of Moses. It supernaturally becomes stronger and more committedA the longer it takes to get through to the heart of the one who is loved.
Instead,A agape makes you want to bend over backwards to become what others need you to be for them! Thus, the word a€?kinda€? portraysA a willingness to serve and to change in order to meet the needs of others.
Instead, it is always reaching out, thinking and focusing primarily on theA needs of others. This is a person so bent on getting his own way that he is willing to sacrifice anything or anyone to get it. He is so consumed with himself thatA he doesna€™t ever think of the needs or desires of others.
You see, real agape love doesna€™t think of itself first but is always looking outward, thinking of the other person rather than itself. Now you must look into Goda€™s a€?mirrora€? and see what it tells you about your own life today.
Are you more focused on people around you than on yourself?A If your answer is yes to these questions, then praise God for the great growth and spiritual maturity you have gained in your life. I realizeA that Ia€™ve allowed myself to get clogged up with my own self-interests far too often. This on a spiritual plain connects us back to Yahushua the G-d of Israel revealed in the flesh THE GREAT Rabbi of Israel the greater Moses and the greater Solomon. I realize that the only way I canA become this selfless is to yield to the Holy Spirit so He can do a deep work in my life. So Rabbi Paulos is saying to obey the G-d of Israel, which is Yahushua and live free by His Torah and be totally free and not just an illusion of living free as in some countries but really still being under bondage! In fact Rabbi Paulos is clear we are to be responsible to the law of G-d and be steadfast in order to remain in freedom. I am so concerned about the welfare of others that one of myA chief priorities in life is to become everything I need to be to meet their needs. Although God has given me my ownA dreams and desires, I never neglect to help others achieve their dreams and aspirations asA well. The yoke was the slavery of the world rather than submission to G-d, which was required in order to remain free in the House of the Master. Can you say that you are longsuffering and patient with others, or would you have to admit that you tend to be short-tempered and quick to a€?blow your topa€? when other people dona€™t do exactly what you expected them to do?A 2. IN THE STREETS OF GLASGOW TODAY, UNDOUBTEDLY, THEY TOO WOULD BE SUBJECT TO THE SAME TREATMENT AS THE STREET-PREACHER.A A IRONICALLY, SCOTLAND IS ONE OF THE VERY FEW NATIONS UPON EARTH IN WHICH THERE HAS NEVER BEEN OFFICIAL GOVERNMENT POGROMS OR PERSECUTIONS MADE AGAINST THE JEWISH PEOPLE. Can you say that you are compliant to the needs of those around you, or would you have to say you are continually demanding that others meet your needs? AND THE SCOTTISH PEOPLE ON THE WHOLE HAVE ALWAYS MADE THE JEWISH PEOPLE WELCOME IN THEIR NATION THROUGHOUT THE PAST 2.000 YEARS EVEN THOUGH ENGLAND HER SISTER NATION SEVERELY PERSECUTED AND HELD OFFICIAL POGROMS AGAINST YAHWEH`S CHOSEN RACE, INSOMUCH THAT THOUSANDS OF JEWS WERE DRIVEN OUT OF ENGLAND WHEN THE ROMISH RELIGION HELD SWAY DURING THE REIGN OF KING EDWARD 1st IN 1290. G-d is iterating our responsibility towards his instructions, the law of G-d through Messiah who is the personal living Torah that we are responsible creatures and for us to stand tall we must stand in His rule of law and avoid mana€™s law and its pitfalls. The Hebrew words `vaolaych etchem kom' meyoot` means`made you walk straight or upright` as it is used in Leviticus 26:13. IT SEEMS, BY THE UNFOLDING OF THIS BEAUTIFUL STORY, THAT THIS DEEP FRIENDSHIP HAS BEEN CULTIVATED AND NOURISHED ON BOTH SIDES OVER MANY LONG YEARS, AS AVRAM, THE CHILDLESS MAN IN THE STORY, REVEALS BY HIS WORDS OF APPARENT FAMILIARITY, A DEEP BOND OF CLOSENESS WITH HIS ELOHIM. A A A slave was not free to walk straight or upright but a freed man was able to walk straight. Since the Messiah has done the tikkun olam (repairing of the breach) of the worlds therefore we can walk erect and straight but there is a responsibility on our parts to uphold G-da€™s instruction known as the Pentateuch or Torah. As long as we possess and walk with G-da€™s law in our hands we cannot be slave to the devil but when we reject the law of G-d we are no longer walking in freedom. A The Hebrew term `Kom a€?meyoot` the word that means `we are emancipated and can now stand tall`, is only used once in the Tanach (Old Testament) and we need to be careful not to misread Rabbi Paulosa€™ letters else instead of freedom we could be in bondage as many others under the wrong authority. THUS WE SEE THAT YAHUWEH IS PROMISING TO AVRAHAM THAT A MULTITUDE OF GENTILE NATIONS WOULD OWN AVRAHAM AS THEIR FATHER. This indicates that there is responsibility attached to our freedom and ita€™s not just to roam around and `do whatever we like` kind of ideology that is and has been preached in places of worship. The other Hebrew words for freedom are `Yahroot` and `Akhravoot,` which also means responsibility for our lives. In all honesty there can be no genuine freedom if we do not have rules to show us how we are to live in our day to day lives.
The ones mentioned in the Jewish tradition are `Ol Malchut Shamayim` (The Yoke of the Heavenly Kingdom) and `Ol Malchut Ha Maitzvot`(The Yoke of the Commandments). NOT ENTIRELY, FOR GRAIN OFFERINGS WERE AN ACCEPTABLE SACRIFICE AS WELL AS THE BECHEROT OF THE FLOCK..
Many only do lip service to Yahushua while rejecting His yoke in ignorance of church traditions that were totally anti-Jewish and anti-Bible.
Have you rejected other principle laws of hygiene and food such as what is clean to eat and what is unclean such as pork and shellfish? Rabbi Paulos actually drives home some deep points but I doubt many out there have understood even half of his message and instead arrogantly use his writings to abrogate the law of G-d. THUS, WHETHER WE BRING A GRAIN OR BURNT (FLESH) OFFERING TO YAHWEH THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF THE OFFERING IS THE ATTITUDE OF A LOVING, WILLING, GENEROUS AND CHEERFUL HEART.A YAHUSHUA WAS BOTH OUR GRAIN AND BURNED OFFERING POURED OUT FOR US AND HIS ATTITUDE WAS ALWAYS THAT OF A FULLY SUBMISSIVE, LOVING AND GIVING SPIRIT. This is how many old and modern churches in the world have read this verse and decided to use Rabbi Paulos as judge and jury to reject the law of G-d!!! If they did that then they have fallen into what I described earlier in the a€?yoke of slavery.a€? So what is Rabbi Paulos a circumcised Jew telling us?
If it was good for Rabbi Paulos who never left his Faith then how can he now teach against it? There were many groups of Judaisms in the first century assemblies but there was no church. Indeed there were various synagogues and the believers went to the synagogues where the Orthodox Jews taught Torah, while most of the believers were Jewish and had no problem proclaiming the law of G-d and even circumcising physically. The term had come to be known as hatafat dam brit (drawing of a drop of blood) and peria€™ah (removing the membrane) meant a lot more than just removal of a bit of skin.

You would have had to do this with each new group that you joined as they rejected the circumcision that you had received previously and then you would have to obey all their rules else you could not be a member of their so called club.
A However Rabbi Paulos objected to this theology of the first century where a certain group of Jews demanded that new converts coming in must circumcise in this particular fashion and then obey their legal rulings (Note the problem was not with the way of circumcising the flesh and is still done this way by a mohel, a Jewish Rabbi expert in the art of circumcision). Some men who had come down from Jerusalem and had said unless this is done with immediate effect we will not proclaim that these gentile converts have been saved and are a part of the community of G-d. That would have caused a lot of problems as they would not be welcomed in many synagogues of the land. To Rabbi Paulos at least these people were still saved and part of the community no doubt but were not at the point of circumcision, and Baptism according to the Ger-Tzadik formula could wait hence the reason why this dissension arose. The Pharisees that came up from Judea wanted to see the process of Ger-Toshav bypassed entirely to full Ger-Tzadik for these gentile converts before the believing Pharisees would agree that these would now be part of the community of Israel. Rabbi Paulos knew this would be problematic as the halacha (Way of living) set by some teachers would cause problems for others and wanted the new converts to wait, understand and then circumcise using the 1st century Ger-Toshav (G-d fearer) formula, which would still make them part of the community of believers and therefore the physical act of circumcision would come laterA Rabbi Paulos used the argument that since circumcision was given to Abraham after he was saved this means no man needs circumcision to be saved but by faith alone.
A lot of people are still confused about this and think that the Torah saved Jews by works of the flesh but the reality is that it never has stated this explicitly because salvation in the Torah was always by faith and then later to demonstrate your obedience to the G-d of Israel to show your faithfulness you had to obey Torah. HER NAME IS CHANGED TO `SARAH` MEANING QUEEN AND IS AN APT NAME FOR A MOTHER WHOSE DESCENDANTS WOULD BE KINGS AND PRINCES AND THE NAME-CHANGE NEEDED TO BE MADE TO REFLECT HER NEW STATUS AND RELATIONSHIP IN THE COVENANT., IE. Some even think that the Torah was saving people by some sacrifice in the Tabernacle but once again this is incorrectly taught in many churches because there was no sacrifice for intentional sin and never has been.A If there has never been a sacrifice for intentional sin then how could any Jew ever be saved by a sacrifice or human work? Ask your Pastor to explain this one A  Intentional and unintentional sin: A Many people think that there was a particular offering for intentional sin but the Torah does not prescribe an individual offering for intentional sin. This offering would cover for the corporate guilt of the whole community of Israel yearly both intentional and unintentional sins but there was only one problem with it like any other sacrifice that it was not automatically accepted. For Israel to know if this was accepted or not they would have to tie a scarlet string to the horns of the altar and then wait and see if that turned white. This string did not turn white but that does not mean YHWH has decided to now change His laws or that He rejected His covenant people.
What this means is that the Messiah the one door of Israel was now to cover the whole 12 tribes of Israel including present day and future day Judah who were obeying Torah. The Jewish people were from that time forward to remain in spiritual blindness until the return of the Messiah but this does not mean as many Christians think that the Jews are no longer saved and are going to the lake of sulphur A A Pastors usually take this out of context by denying the Torah of Moses and telling people that you do not have to be circumcised.
This is not true, Rabbi Paulos is not saying do not get circumcised but circumcision had come to mean different things in the 1st century which could be to obey some of the branches of the Pharisees and Sadducean established laws such as takanot (fences), gezerot (prohibitions), minhagim (Various customs established by the rulers in the Temple) etc.
Some of these stated gentile people to be circumcised immediately, without any understanding of the Torah and to start to follow all the customs and commandments of the elders so in affect a person was circumcising for the wrong reasons and this would indeed be a problematic. Rabbi Paulos here tells people in effect `do not circumcise for the wrong reasons`, first the heart needed to be circumcised as stated in Deuteronomy 10:16, and then after the believers acquired understanding, they could circumcise and become a Ger-Tzadik, a righteous convert. This is when Abraham received and became circumcised who was already saved by faith alone (Gal 3:6) and then he took his son Ishmael and circumcised him at thirteen and also circumcised his male servants including Isaac upon his birth. AND EPHRAIM YISRAEL KNOWS THAT HE COULD NOT, WOULD NOT KEEP THE KADOSH THINGS AND SO BECAME CAST OUT AND THUS HATED YAHUDAH??? Therefore circumcision is indeed a very important covenantal command to be done after we are saved and certainly not to be ignored. AND YET IT IS MOST IRONIC AND MARVELLOUS IN OUR EYES, THAT THOSE TEN TRIBES OF ANCIENT YISRAEL WHO REJECTED ALL THE THINGS OF YAHUWEH, AND ALL THE KADOSH THINGS THAT YAHUDAH AND AVRAHAM HELD DEAR, AND WHO THEN BECOME LE-GOYIM, GENTILE NATIONS POPULATING THE WHOLE EARTH WITH THE VERY BLOOD OF AVRAHAM, WERE THE VERY ONES WHO IN THEIR HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OVER THE LAST 2.000 YEARS HAVE BOWED THE KNEE TO YAHUSHUA HAMOSHIACH OF THE TRIBE OF YAHUDAH. A Those of your who have misinterpreted the letters of Rabbi Paulos and decided not to circumcise your sons or yourself if you are male then you have put yourself under the curse of the Torah that Rabbi Paulos spoke about in Gal 3:10. Biblically rules specify that each doctrine is validated by two witnesses therefore even if you interpreted this letter incorrectly that is just one witness now where is your second witness? You will not find Matthew, Mark, Luke or John ever saying any such things therefore this puts you and anyone else on very dangerous grounds because now you are under the curse until you start to obey the Torah. The curse is not removed by the blood of the Messiah because the blood of Messiah is for the removal of sin tied to the covenant in Deut 29 and certainly not for the removal of curses as incorrectly believed. A Deut 27:26 (KJV) "Cursed be he that confirmeth (Obeys) not all the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen."A Now if I was in your place I would examine all the curses written in Deut 27 and Deut 28 and see if they apply to you and or are affecting you because if they are, then you need to repent of your sins and start obeying Torah and only then will the curses lift off.
A Also without being circumcised one cannot eat the Passover meal as it is forbidden for uncircumcised men and is a sin to do so otherwise and I believe this is what was compelling the Pharisees in Acts 15 and Galatians 5:2 to force gentiles to circumcise quickly as they could not allow them to enter the feasts and celebrate them due to table fellowship issues.
A One table fellowship issue would be that if the gentiles do not eat kosher food then how can we fellowship with them or allow to sit on the same table with us and eat because they would be considered unclean. This then caused some Pharisaical groups to impose strict injunctions against gentiles joining the ranks. While the School of Hillel on the other hand had agreed that gentiles who come in should not be forced to start doing everything immediately and this is in affect the ruling that Rabbi Paulos vouched for. We see that the Acts 15 rulings actually comply with this and are taken out of the Torah pages from the book of Leviticus. A We need to take note that if people do not circumcise after their salvation they will not be allowed to enter the 3rd Temple as it is a halakhik (Way of conduct) requirement by G-d. I can assure you that nobody will be laughing when you are rejected the entry into the Temple and you will not be circumcised by magic either as it has to be done by a doctor or Rabbi and you better certain that doctors and Rabbis will still be around when you need to circumcise in the millennium. It must be done for baby boys on the 8th day after their birth, and for men who come to salvation they must do it one year after their conversion else they are breaking the Abrahamic Covenant and are thus living in disobedience. Christians cannot be in the Abrahamic Covenant, while living without being circumcised as this is a Covenant requirement and not a salvation issue. IMPORTANT NOTICE LITTLE BLOOMS CHILDREN`S ORPHANAGE INDIA MY INDIA MISSIONS TRIP NAZARENE ISRAELITE ??? When they are thirteen years old then a `bar - mitzvah` (Son of the commandments) is done in which the boys demonstrate the reading of certain Torah passages (For girls it`s bat mitzvah) by memory and then they also take the oath to uphold all the Torah and the Rabbi blesses them and then a celebration takes place welcoming the lad into the new family of G-d. If you were already circumcised then these Pharisees made you to recircumcise as they said your circumcision with the previous group is not valid hence the term hatafat dam brit means to draw a drop of blood and not simply removing of the foreskin even though it may have been removed already. A This meant that the gentile proselyte had to adhere to the instructions of G-d as fully incumbent from day one, which was a very difficult for a convert into messianic Judaism which is what Christianity really was.
INTERESTING VIDEOS OPEN LETTER TO PRESIDENT OBAMA NAZI GENOCIDE PERSECUTION OF THE JEWISH RACE HITLER`S HOLOCAUST BLUEPRINT CHRIST KILLERS??? The term circumcision was not so much the physical cutting of the foreskin but how to convert a gentile into Judaism with all the other legal rulings to be applicable under rabbinic supervision.
So circumcision is not what most think here but was a loaded term to mean how one converts into Judaism. He is not saying it can save you or not save you but saying you are bound to it all if you follow these groups but you are already a member of the household of G-d so why do you want to lose your status through works of rabbinic law of man.
A The problem was not that a proselyte could not circumcise physically but the issue was when should he circumcise and if he was to follow the various groups that were trying to remove the faith element then they would accept the gentile convert to perform a myriad of other commandments not found in the written Torah in order to remain a part of their community that the influencers were suggesting for membership, while Rabbi Paulos was arguing against it. The school of Shammai were so strict with gentiles that they said no gentile can be saved, while the school of Hillel had agreed that as long as the gentile coming in keeps the minimum he can still have a place in the world to come. A Therefore the formula that Rabbi Paulos was working on was the lenient one where a gentile was given one year to learn the faith, he did not need to be circumcised in the first year, he did not immediately have to give up pork, crabs and shellfish but after one year when he went through the circumcision then he would make the confession to uphold all the Torah and give up on the unclean foods stated in the Torah of Moses.
A One must understand Rabbi Paulos is not arguing for it not to be done at all which is something the church has adopted without understanding this crucial point because if such was the case then why did Rabbi Paulos circumcise Timothy with his own hands (Acts 16:3)? Indeed he was so the argument that to circumcise is wrong after accepting the Messiah is both ill founded and misguided by the present church. A When you circumcised, in effect you were swearing to uphold all the Torah so Rabbi Paulos is not wrong, when we reach the level of circumcision of the flesh which is the second seal of our faith we must uphold all the written Torah of Moses and not add or remove any commandments. In effect there are many benefits in being circumcised such as sixty-five percent less chance of acquiring aids and being protected from many sexual diseases however this is to complete all righteousness and must be done as stated earlier to be part of the Abrahamic Covenant.
Many take this passage and misapply it believing exactly this and then refuse to circumcise males.
A The King James Version is not very clear here at telling us what law Rabbi Paulos is talking about however here is a more accurate translation from the Abrahamic-faith bible.
A This only applied to those people who were trying to attain their salvation by keeping commandments alone set by the Pharisees and Sadducees. Salvation is always by unmerited favour known as grace and not by works of men.A In order to understand this passage further we really must seek to understand the human law and what its works were since the works of Torah were never said to be bad. He indeed is saying that those just listening to the Torah are not made righteous but instead those that are acting on it. A How do we now understand this as it seems to contradict the people who teach that you should not do any Torah works? This is because grace always had come through Torah and even the Messiah came from the pages of the Torah so grace was revealed from everlasting to everlasting. Let me show you that the Messiah who is the physical picture of grace, which came out of the pages of the Torah. For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me." A Now what did Moses write? He wrote the first five books known as the Torah therefore this is clear testimony from the Messiaha€™s mouth that He is in the Torah of Moses. If the Messiah was in the written Torah and is the living Torah then should we obey the very law that He was given by the Father in heaven or should we be fools to deny it? If we deny it then are we not then going to end up at some point in committing sins and not knowing how to measure ourselves?
A These are all good questions therefore everything really hinges on what was the Rabbi saying in Galatians 5:4, for the term justified by law or human law to be more precise. As I said earlier Torah is grace but the Rabbi was speaking about works that came out of human teachers wanting to justify people so let us look at this. Nay: but by the law of faith" A Now we know that the Law of Moses known as the Torah is good, holy and great to obey so the key term that we have to understand is what is the meaning behind the word a€?works of the law?a€? For this we have to delve into 1st century customs and understanding of such things.
They sought to bring ritual practices on analogies from the ritual of the Temple into the home. They held that G-d had given an oral tradition to Moses which was handed down along with the written law; this was denied by the Sadducees. Antigonus of Sokho received the Law from Simeon the Just.A From there five "pairs" of authorities are said each to have "received the law" from their predecessors, thus linking the Great Synagogue (viewed as the Elders who came back from exile with Ezra) with the rabbinic schools whose disputes dominate tannaitic literature. A Therefore, it should be apparent that there were different branches of Judaism just like there are today. The purists known as the Essenes moved out near to the Dead Sea and separated themselves completely wanting nothing to do with any of the other Jewish sects, while the other sects heavily debated the Torah, its laws and how best to keep them. So this is what Rabbi Paulos was actually arguing against as the `Works of the Torah` or known as `Maa€™aseh ha Torah`. Much of it is actually very good and allows us to understand and instruct believers on the way of G-d. A Unfortunately in Christendom due to traditionalist error and anti- Semitism which was rife in the middle ages all Jewish law that included the Torah of Moses and the oral Torah which is the interpretation of it was seen to be bad and nothing to do with Christianity. Some Christian authors wrote and vilified the Jews especially the renaissance such as the German theologian Luther who advocated burning their synagogues and burning their books. So in order to understand Rabbi Paulos he was effectively not denying or saying that the Oral Torah is bad or evil but simply saying that it does not bring out our salvation and to be honest no Jewish Rabbi in his right mind will say that it does either. Unfortunately due to much ignorance in the Western and Eastern Churches believing that Jewish people believe that Torah works brings salvation but the truth is that no Jewish man believes this. A However in the 1st century there were some groups that totally cut off others such as the Essenes and they held to very right wing beliefs and other ones saying that unless you keep the whole law or law of Moses which had come to be known as midrashikly idiomatic expression to mean all the precepts that were devised by the Rabbis and there were thousands of commandments known as fences. However Rabbi Paulos wrote effectively saying no you do not need to obey the thousands of laws to obtain salvation. One must understand that for instance the Sabbath has 39 prohibitions devised by the Rabbis in the Oral Torah and if one was to break one of these related to work then that person was seen to be breaking the whole Sabbath as the Rabbis stipulated it.
Paula€™s rabbinic master and mentor was Rabbi Gamaliel the Elder, the grandson of Hillel the Elder. We see the implications of the Apostle Paul in his relationship with his young disciple, Timothy. So when it says a€?through the spirita€?, in effect Rabbi Paulos is saying through the understanding of the Torah we wait.
Note: there are many types of Spirits one being the divine Holy Spirit, the Ruach of Yahuweh. This is talking about those who will be resurrected in the age to come hence the term `righteousness` conveys far more than just a term for simple salvation.
The term love was first described in the Torah so Rabbi Paulos is taking us back to the written Torah.
It tells us two things one that all of Israel worshipped in the Mishkan and Rabbi Paulos had gone out as the Apostle to the Gentiles to bring the gentiles back into the fold of Israel so that one day we all can worship the G-d of Israel together in the yet to be built sanctuary in Jerusalem so mystically it points us forwards to the worship in the Temple.A It also tells us that the `Shema` the word `to hear` has the middle letter mem, which can stand for a a€?degreea€? that some of us hear more from Yahuweh and others hear less to different degrees. If we remove the last letter of the Shema being the Ayin we are left with the Hebrew root Shem which means a€?name.a€? The name of Yahuweh or Yahushua once again some of us know this more and others less remember the middle letter for degree or in the sefirah a€?wisdoma€?, some of us have more wisdom but others less. A Shem also means honour, prestige, authority, and character, alongside other meanings beside this. Yahuweh wants to put honour on those who He chooses to use for His glory, some of us to a degree more and some to a less degree.A In the sefirah we arrive at these.
The metaphor for destruction and death is Satan who is taking people with him to the depths of hell. God declares His name in the Torah and His instructions also so that if you keep them you can achieve both wisdom and understanding and be called a wise people because it only comes from the mouth of God and Torah has come from the mouth of God. A Didna€™t Paul say that the letter of Torah kills while the spirit gives life that means we are in grace after the coming of Messiah? I can assure you it does not mean the Torah is done away and any pastor who teaches this really should not be a Pastor and should go back and re-study scripture and spend time in Israel with a good learned orthodox Rabbi. A The Letter kills so speaking mystically and with an ancient rabbinic understanding the Right side is the side of Judgment and strength, which means this would be the side of G-d that would kill if a person is guilty of sin. This should demonstrate since G-d or the Son of G-d has always been there then so has mercy and judgment. A The two sides left and right have to be united or balanced and are balanced by what we term the a€?soul of Toraha€? the Middle also known by ancient Rabbia€™s as the middle-pillar a term that is given to mean the Tzadik One or the Righteous One who we know to be the Messiah of Israel Yahushua commonly known as Jesus of Nazareth. The RIGHT side kills and the LEFT side saves so the two are balanced by the Son Yahushua who gives us eternal life because He holds the keys to the Malchut (kingdom). A So the good Rabbi was saying in Gal 5:6 that while you all argue over how to circumcise and how to obey your rules there is a lot more at stake. He was essentially saying that all the understanding, wisdom and knowledge of the cosmos are with the Messiah so pay attention. The Messiah has been revealed to men, remember Shema (faith) meaning some can hear his voice and others cannot so Rabbi Paulos had gone out as an emissary to reach the people. He was saying essentially He is the mishkan (Sanctuary) in picture or allegory and we must all one day come under Him to worship Him as the living embodied Torah. Who hindered you from obeying the truth?" A The term a€?the trutha€? was an idiomatic expression in the 1st century to obey the written Torah opposed to what many Pharisees had been teaching, which was causing confusion and contradictions. A In effect (he) is saying that the persuasion to remove oneself from the truth of the written Mosaic Torah is not from G-d but from men. The real definition of legalism is to remove yourself from G-da€™s law into mana€™s law meaning put yourself into the yoke of slavery or humanism as many are doing this today. Did you know that today there is a branch of Jews that call themselves humanists Jews in the US?
A Typically if you add a little leaven into the mixture of dough the whole will become leavened given enough time meaning you are getting into sinful and wrong behavior, dona€™t do it. The term a€?hea€? is the person who was saying that you have to circumcise in a particular way (hatafat dam brit) and then submit to the rules of their leaders. A Galatians 5:11 (KJV) "And I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why do I still suffer persecution?
Because he preached circumcision according to Abraham and not the present school of thought. This means then if the present scribes and Pharisees way is valid to believe and receive eternal life through the myriads of Pharisaical commandments then why was it necessary for Yahushua to be hung on a tree? In other words Rabbi Paulos is saying that I preach the written Torah but they do not, and are only acting in the interests of their masters who are offended by the stake of the Messiah.
A They want to follow status quo even if they are wrong, while Rabbi Paulos argued that he had left that method to the original one of Moses, which was better to keep things simple. They do not leave their errant doctrines because they do not want to offend their Pastors or Bishops, while quite happily offending G-d. Rabbi Paulos encourages to fulfill the Torah by demonstrating love in our lives to others all round us. Those who continually hate others do not have the spirit of G-d, and one prime example is radical Muslims today. A Galatians 5:15 "But if you bite and devour one another, beware lest you be consumed by one another!"A To bite and devour are terms found in the Torah for rebelliousness and unwanted hatred as some people had engaged in this. This brings us in affect to the law of affects of sowing and reaping, what you sow you will indeed reap. Flesh here is a term to mean do not subjugate yourself to rabbinic law that contradicts established halacha (way of life) of the prophets and sages of old. Note such is not the case, those who live without Torah will be judged by the Torah and the judgment will be eternal condemnation. One thing the gentiles did was male and female temple prostitution in order to gain their salvation in pagan temples and he warns against such a practice. Today we see adultery rife in our society, is Rabbi Paulos telling us something new or old? Those without Torah in our society will die without Torah, meaning they will receive judgment to be put in the lake of fire.
Millions of pounds of salary or earning A?100,000 a week will not help at that time for foolish human behavior that hurts other people. A Galatians 5:20 (KJV) "idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, jealousies, outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions, dissensions, heresies," A Rabbi Paulos reveals all the works of flesh which the people were into and these are certainly marked under Torah as rebellious works of men counted as sinful. A Galatians 5:22 (KJV) "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, A 23 (KJV) gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law." A When one is obedient to the written Law of Moses then G-d bestows blessings upon us and also gives us peace through His written words now personified in the Messiah who had come.
He also mentions nine fruits pointing us back to the Hebrew word Chanukah which means dedication of our lives back to Yahuweh. So keep in mind in order to understand Rabbi Paulos you need to be trained in the art of first century mindset. Without understanding all the symbols and idiomatic expressions used in the first century ita€™s unlikely anyone can arrive at a safe interpretation of this and the other letters of Rabbi Paulos. The FREEDOM or LIBERTY that Rabbi Paulos offered was to obey the instructions written down by Moses and avoid the thousands of customs, commandments which had become a yoke of slavery.

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