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Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3.
In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers. Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters.
A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him.
As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far.
The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path.
Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels. As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs. As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her. This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river. Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings. Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill. According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty.
In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable.
My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream.
But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for. Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door. Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go.
When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for.
But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins.
Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside!
Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms. The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times. So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline?
I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame.
But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam.
The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him. A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible. I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera.
So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights.
But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded?
Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives.
He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters. As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins. Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake. Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft. Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda). This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps. Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts.
Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence.
After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch.
Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago. Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995. 1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet.
2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993. 10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical.
34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995).
It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry.
40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife. 44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a. 49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?. 50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project.
As happened with Methodist ministers during that time period, our family moved frequently.A  We lived in several small Mississippi towns including Sumrall, Laurel, Purvis, McComb, Taylorsville, Ellisville, and Bay St. A  Jeff and I and our children have lived in Louisiana the majority of our married life except for two years immediately after we married while we finished our mastera€™s degrees at Mississippi State University and a few too many winters in Indiana.A  Jeff is a mechanical and civil engineer and I am a pharmacist at St.
Jeff and I moved to Port Sulphur, Louisiana, after we finished our mastera€™s degrees at Mississippi State.
However, if youa€™ve been to a Louisiana wedding, you know that non-alcoholic receptions are not the norm.A  (The menu included crawfish sacks, crawfish beignets, gumbo, etc. Another difference between now and then is that I have not made an article of clothing for myself in at least a dozen years.A A  There doesna€™t seem to be time for sewing anymore.
Being the daughter of a home economics major meant the plaids all had to match, the zipper had to be perfectly straight, and the set-in sleeve could not have a single pleat. A treasured memory of my childhood years revolves around a carved manger scene from John C.
After Mother and Daddy died, I decided to see if the school could replace a lost piece of the manger scene Daddy had bought for us when he and John traveled to Israel.
Jeff and I had subcontracted our home on the Rigolets in Slidell, Louisiana, moving in September 2003. Our drug wholesaler (Morris Dickson) delivered a pallet of supplies taller than me and at least four feet wide in the wee hours of the morning Wednesday after Katrina hit on Monday.A  Those supplies rank as one of the most beautiful sights I have ever seen.
A A A  Jeff and the kids had always evacuated to Hattiesburg or Moselle and I worked at the hospital pharmacy during the various hurricanes.A  This plan was a direct result of my experience in Bay St.
Our experiences have taught us that it is family and friends that are important, not your material possessions, although I still have a car packed to the max with family treasures when I evacuate to the hospital. I have inherited a wonderful family, full of the traditions of the southern way of life and the Christian principles toi?? which my parents devoted their lives.A  I hope I can live up to the standards that have been set by the a€?brothers and sistersa€? (and the cousins) of the Walton family. Jeff attended Mississippi State University, where he played basketball and was a member of the Academic All-SEC team and received a bachelora€™s degree andi?? a mastera€™s degree in engineering. He has been a mechanical and civil engineer in Port Sulpher, Covington, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Crown Point, Indiana. A A A  Being the daughter of a home economics major meant the plaids all had to match, the zipper had to be perfectly straight, and the set-in sleeve could not have a single pleat. A A A  Jeff attended Mississippi State University, where he played basketball and was a member of the Academic All-SEC team and received a bachelora€™s degree and a mastera€™s degree in engineering.
Universal Church of Freedom Acceptance and Love - Ken's ReverendismsIn the interest of trying to do things better I want to start a blog page.
Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec. Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies. In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4. It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions.
My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door.
Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder. So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands. Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone. We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge.
And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles. With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges. Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars. Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook. Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole.
The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures. After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have? Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step.
I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis. Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken.
Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs. It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec. So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration. If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam! Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet. After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps.
The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious. The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme. As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade! Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country! When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it.
They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself. No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding. After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off. When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures.
But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him?
The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again. If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit? Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him.
It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second. Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas.
We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff.
When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark.
They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence.
It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated.
One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive.
The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed. I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no.
While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers. Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept.
In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista.
Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures. Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov. The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p. Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line. After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine.
The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques. It is unusual that Jeffa€™s fathera€™s first name is Walton, and Jeffa€™s middle name is Walton.
Remember when a south Mississippi wedding reception was cake, punch, mints, and nuts?)A  You can imagine Tracya€™s dismay when we even considered not serving alcohol at the reception. The person I contacted at the school asked me what pieces were in our set and what the initials were on the bottom of each piece.A  It turns out that the earliest pieces of our set were carved by one of the original students at the school which was established in the Depression era.
We were very fortunate that our hospital did not flood.A  We slept on the floor for the first few days until the nurses needed blood pressure medication for their own personal meds and we bartered for some mattresses. FEMA was given the same list on the same day and delivered a grand total of three cases of IV fluids two weeks later.A  It was funny that the first medicine we ran out of was Colace, a stool softener.
This was finally and perfectly expressed by my father at his own funeral.A  They both had a detailed plan for their funerals which included details of the hymns and scripture to be used.
As an adult, I see that church as a beautiful church with impressive stained glass, but not quite so huge. So instead of adding more to this page where no one can respond to my opinions click on the link and read my blog. 18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2. Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting. The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world. Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness. In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO.
Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren.
Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals.
I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch!
By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being. A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary.
We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself. Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them.


So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr.
He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)? At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism. I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah. We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall!
Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw. After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows. For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet.
And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets.
Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives. Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP. Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual. Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him.
In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide.
If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance. My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset.
We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague.
Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd. The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes. I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank! From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear. By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley! If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands! And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders. As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance.
The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia.
Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage. Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it.
1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him).
These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe.
In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets. The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels.
After graduating from South Jones High School, I attended Millsaps College and graduated in 1972. Church was the center of the activity at our house.A  I still remember Mother cooking her a€?besta€? for covered-dish dinners and especially for the times when the District Superintendent came for Sunday dinner. The wedding invitations had so many a€?Waltona€? components, many people thought the printers had made a mistake.A  We have three children, Tracy Lynn, Roger (Rogera€™s middle name is also Walton), and Christy Jo. You did not even need any bait.A  We would throw a string in the water, and the crabs would grab the string and stay on it until you pulled them out of the water. Then, the granddaughter stopped growing and I started sewing my own clothes.A  I made all my clothes until the hippie style of jeans and T shirts became the standard wardrobe of a sixties college student. A The son of this original carver is considered one of the best from the school, and he carved the wise men and shepherds.A  The baby Jesus and manger and small angel were carved by the lady who is considered the best carver of the baby Jesus and manger. I came to this decision after watching the Democratic Debates and thinking how I would make a good president. While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away.
As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies. Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren. A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves. It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business. Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces.
My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive! She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence.
Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone.
That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam! Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil. After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony.
With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda.
Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace.
I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly. In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first! Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively. After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy.
Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself. But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves.
No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free. Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing. These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding. As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings.
But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend.
La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter.
In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp.
Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr. Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world.
The Grande Ecaille mine was closed two years after we moved to Port Sulphur, and the company closed the town site and we moved to Slidell.
A How did we get in and out of a car with our dresses so short that?A  Our son, Roger, did learn to sew a little bit when he took home ec in high school.A  His motivation for taking that class was more the ratio of boys to girls rather than learning to sew.
You would stand with your backside to the heater for a few minutes and then run and hop in the bed.A  At some point in time, I think in the early sixties, we started using electric blankets.
We received the three wise men, shepherds, and angels, a single piece each year until I was in college.
The appraiser classified the manger set as a a€?national treasure.a€?A  The treasure is my memories of the excitement as the family unwrapped the new piece each year. Calls between the affected areas in Louisiana and Mississippi were difficult to complete, but we could talk to the kids and Jeffa€™s sister Ceil in Jackson.
BlogOn the Photos page you will see the pictures I took at this years Fantasy Fest in Key West. All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it. I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art. The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed. I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority. Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO.
About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam. These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths.
If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job). Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him. I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs.
I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever. The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward. There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories.
Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics. After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round. That manger scene is one of the first items packed in my car as we evacuate for a hurricane.
And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power.
Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north! So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought. If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables. So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader. From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking. Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced. And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw?
Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes.
Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter. Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p.
Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard. When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections. In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair. Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again!
Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate. At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking.
Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994).
Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table! Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap. Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p. I could not believe the courage that she had on display.After I took her picture I told her how my father was currently battling cancer and as she saw the tears well up in my eyes she offered me a hug and some words of encouragement.
Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics.
I was so moved I had to walk away to collect myself.I have no idea who this lady is or anything about herexcept that she is unbelievably brave. Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s.
There were thousands of women in Key West and most of them were fully clothed because of their fear of exposing themselves.
I have put her on my list of life's heroes.They say that beauty is in the eye of the beholder. This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods. Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary.
From now on when the greatest college football players of all time are being discussed his name will be brought up. Delegation and personal responsibility, maybe I can sell that program enough where I wouldn't have to do anything and avoid it all myself.
In my opinion people that make a big deal out of their religion are trying to convince themselves andreally don't believe. Tebow was ill but went ahead and played anyway, some people would say this proves how tough he is. Every country needs to be viewing the same news broadcast so we can be sure we are all educated on what is going on around the world. Tebow been thinking about the team and what was best for the team it never would have happened. Tebow should not have been in the game but he was becuaseheis trying topad his stats so he can win another Hiesman Trophy and the Gators can win another national championship.If something is good enough to be the best no one has to make it look better than it is.
Leaving your best players in a football game so the team can gain more yards and score more touchdowns might get more voters to notice you but it is short sighted. There is a reason some teamsalways stay on top and it is because they tkae the first team out during blow outs and give the second and third teams playing time.
Just don't do it in your neighbor's yard because he has the right to protect himself from any perceived danger.
Tebow played when he was sick and stayed in the game after it was out of hand because he wanted personal recognition and his coach wants team recognition.If selfishness and greed are part of christianity is it really good enoughfor anyone to follow?This past week there has been a lot of attention brought to the civility of Americans.
Maybe then we can make a unified great city unto ourselves and our names won't be forgotten.
West's interuption of Ms Swift's acceptance speech and of course Representative Wilson's "You Lie" moment during Pres.
Obama's speech.Or the three of these I would give a pass to Ms Williams as she was on a field of competiton and let her emotions get the better of her.
By her own admition she made a mistake and seems to be honestly remorseful.It is unclear if what Mr. If it was a stunt, well It was still in bad taste and if it was not a stunt then it was just plane rude.Certainly this man is entitled to his opinion and he should be allowed to voice that opinion. Raise demand at home by allowing the media to lead us into becoming an insecure society that believes we need "Calvin Klein" jeans and such to be loved, accepted and approved of our peers. Wilson, I understand that politics are a nasty business but they do have rules of decorem that are to be strictly adhered to. Let's add an option on our Federal Income Tax returns allowing us to voluntarily contribute to the deficit.
We all have to interact with one another and I think our world would be a better place if we all tried to remember the Golden Rule. Let us all do unto others as we would have them do unto us.As so many people have had tough times recently I have been in a bit of a funk.
One thing that keeps me going is remembering what someone told me years ago and that is that all things will pass. I would also add this as our motto: No complaints unless you intend to be part of the solution.


As we go through good times we should remember that this too shall pass and as we go through the tough times we must remember that good times are on the other side of these problems.I think that the good times are getting closer for me personally and for the country in general. His cancer treatments were making him very ill so the Doctors stopped the Chemo but conitued the full Radation regimen. I think they areoptimisticabout the coming surgery to remove all of the cancer.I do not understand these people that think our current healthcare system is just fine and does not need overhauled. Perhaps they can make it a little less broke.The cost of my parent's healthcare is a signifcant percentage of their retirement income and a few years back when I had to have my gall bladder removed my bills forced me into bankruptcy.
Our current system does nothing but benefit big healthcare companies at the expense of the American population.
I don't know what the answers are as a matter of fact I probably don't even know what the questions are. I do know that we are the wealthiest nation the world has ever seen and for any member of our society to suffer because of the greed of others is simply unacceptable. If a chain is only as strong as its weekest link isn't also a society only as healthy as its sickest citizen?The indivdual health of each Americanaffects us all. The healthier each indivdual is the healthier our society is, isn't it?I have heard of cancer clusters before but I never thought I would be the cause of one.My father is just finishingfour weeks of chemo and radiationand getting ready for surgery to remove the rest of his tumor and thishas been very trying for him and the rest of us in the family as well.
In about two weeks I havetostart a job for anothercouple and he has cancer.I cannot remember the last time I knew someone that was undergoing cancer treatments, now I know four. Obviously, I understand it is so much more difficult for them but it wears on me night and day.I like to help people and I like to make people feel good. I get to the end of the job and all of the sudden he has a problem, I'm insulted.This was a job that I sub-contracted from someone else andI guess there was a communication breakdown which caused the problem, so I guess I learned another lesson.
I am finished sub-contracting work from another painter.So last Friday I was on my way home from work and it was pouring down rain. I felt as though I was driving a little too fast so I slowed down to about 45 MPHbut it was not enough I hit a flooded out piece of road and started to hydroplane.
The vehicle went off the road and into the wet grass, the saturated ground sucked me in and I lost control of the wheel and then my truck flipped over.My first thought was, "this is gonna hurt".
My second thought, as I hung there by my seatbelt,was, " how in the hell am I gonna get outta here".Someone knocked on my window to let me know that they called 911 and I told him I was OK and I never saw him again. Too much time in office to figure out I don't know it all and have all the answers for you.
I eventually figured out how to get out and as I emerged from my truck I saw the Sherriff's Deputy walk up to me.I was able to find my wallet and cell phone and as I sat in the back of the police cruiser I called my Dad. Plus, four years I think is long enough under the pressure of trying to hide my flaws so every decent thing I may have done isn't lost and forgotten.
I felt like such an ass putting this extra pressure on my Dad right now, he just doesn't need this. After being picked up and being taken back to my parent's house my Dad gave me some dry clothes and I went into the bathroom to put them on and it hit me for the first time, I could have died and I broke down in tears. It is a chance for him to make alittle money but more importantly it is a great opportunity for me to teach him to stay in school. Carrie has shown interest and states she can type 45 correct words per minute (a must for that position).
As hesets out on his vision quest his passions and prejudices will shape a life for him that only he can know if it is right. This brings me great joy because this running for office is more work than I initially thought. I only hope he doesnot disappoint himself.I went to a small little get together last night and I met some very nice people. Several things happened that made me think.One of the first things I noticed was the racial make-up and dispersement of the people.
I did not make a count but there was about equal numbers of black and white people present and as usual the party split with two groups. Upon entering, they will meet with Donald Trump who will be in charge of determining their competency. One group was predominantly white and the other black.I had only met one person that was there so I cannot attest to the racial beliefs of the party goers but everyone seemed very polite and I sensed no racism of any sort. As a matter of fact everyone seemed to be very cordial to the people of opposite race.I do believe that most people simply feel more comfortable around people like themselves. We all grew up learning certain behaviors that are common to our race and different from others.
When we have a choice most of us will go with the people with similiar cultural concepts.One thing I heard that I never thought of before, and now wonder why I did not was, "I do not judge people based on the color of their skin".
This past week it came to my attention that getting de-baptized has become popular in America.
If an adult decides to join a religion and wants to get baptized well more power to them, however, when baptism is forced upon infants or immature children I do not see the purpose.
What does the child receiving the sacrament get but more importantly what do the adults get out of forcing their beliefs on someone that cannot make a conscious decision to join them.?The Universal Church of Freedom, Acceptance and Love will definitely be setting up a sacrament of de-baptizing for those that felt as though they were originally baptized against their will.
Hopefully this, and returning the commercial with the teary Indian, will spark more awareness for our environment. I was in grade school when my parents decided to become members of The Lutheran Church I was baptized soon after.
She's not real thrilled about warm weather and it's only fair considering everything else she has to deal with. I was to young to understand it and looking back I started questioning the christian religion even then. I also remember not repeating everything that I was supposed to.On the other end of this is the thought that perhaps we should have a sacrament for those that now want to consciously join our religion. I have come to accept death as a condition of life and I understand that my father will die some day, hopefully not yet,so that is not the difficult part.My father is one of the toughest men I have ever known and I have never seen anything beat him. Am I man enough to do what needs to be done and help the other members of my family get through this? There are many things that I need my father to tell me so that we as a family will be prepared for life without him but how can I ask him now?
I do not want to be even the least bit negative in my thinking but our business and my mother's future depends upon me knowing these answers. I do not know the percentages or the doctors prognosis for survival so my hopes are of only the best outcome.
Quite honestly I do not handle death very well so it would be best for me if I was the next member of my family to pass away, not that I have any plans for this. I really don't want you to miss out on such a great opportunity so I will overlook it this time. My parents have given me so much and it has never been in doubt that I would be there for them but now that this time is coming can I step up and carry the load that my father has been carrying since his father died almost thirty years ago? If two consenting adults chose to have sex after exchanging money it does not affect anyone but those two people.People that are againstprostitution probably need to get laid. If you have been paying attention to the news and recent events it should be clearthat our lawmakers are not even moral by their own standards.
The party of family values, the GOP, has been headlining the news with sex scandals on a regular basis. It might not be money, it might be dinner and a movie or it might be agreeing to do something around the house or it might be having to share emotions.
Besides you are not actually paying for the sex, you are actually paying for her to leave when the sex is over.Sex is sex it does not matter who does it our what agreements are made before doing it, it is sex. Sex is fun and sex is not damaging to anyone if it is done between two or more consenting adults. If more people did it less people would be so uptight about it.I hope the everyone had a great 4th of July. I am not usually the type to make a big deal about holidays but July 4th is all about FREEDOM.
Our founding fathers came together and and decided that they did not need to take it anymore.
If they were alive today they would probably be in prison.I am not suggesting that thesegreat men of yesterday should be held to the standards of today but if they could not change those attitudes they would be in big trouble. I cannot imagine what George Washington would say about being told to wear a seatbelt to protect himself or Thomas Jefferson being told he couldsexually harrasss his employees.We have some pretty good evidence that the founding fathers were pretty much drunk most of the time and probably smoked hemp as well.
Furthermore, with this excruciating technique I feel confident he will also give up Bin Laden within the hour. Yourmight not think that your vote will count but if you are not registered then you do not even have a voice. It is all our fault when the economy is sluggish, when Wall Street is being visited by Yoyo the bear, when inflation is at a high, when education is at a low, when it snows too much, when the sun doesn't shine, when Florida is visited by 5 consecutive hurricanes, and let`s not forget "El Nino". You haveoptions other than Democrat and Republican, personally I am an Independent and I vote.
I e-mail myrepresentatives eventhough I am sure they do not actually read the e-mail, I send, I know someone does and if I write enough and I am eloquent enough my voice will be heard and my feelings will be passed up the chain, yours will also.Ain't none of us getting out of this world alive. I never wish death upon anyone and would never rejoice at the death of another but I shall not lose a moments sleep ever this man's death.
I do not know if he molested a child but I do know he did things that he should not have done. He did things that harmed children.I do not now nor will I ever understand fans that act as though they just lost a family member when acelebrity dies.
Iremember being shocked when Elvis died and saddened when John Wayne died and when Dale Earnhardt died I was stunned but come on. How can the death of a person that I never knew be equated to this?One person that I mourned deeply that was not a family memeber was one of my college professors, a great man named Dr. I played football in college so we were there before school started and in the first couple of days all of the freshman sort of made fun of Dr. The upper classmen soon set us straight and made it known to us that this was a man to be honored.
I was surprised when he wished me good morning and called me by my name, we had never been introduced. As I learned later this man memorized the names and photo's of every incoming freshman and that is how he knew my name. This act touched my sole in a way that I never thought could happen and when I learned of Dr. Kenney's death I knew that this world would never be the same without him.As I write this I have tears streaming down my face as I remeber a man that so few people knew but he impacted this world more than all of the celebrities put together ever will. Being as I am a painter I work outside in all kinds of weather and I just cannot understand how others act in uncomfortable weather conditions.Yes it is hot and yes it is uncomfortable but some people act as though it is actually painful.
A couple of weeks ago when I went to my son's graduation I was one of the few men dressed appropriately in a sport jacket and tie. I saw people dressed in shorts and t-shirts that were sweating just as much as I was and looked just as uncomfortable as I was so what exactly was their point?In this record setting heat I have no air conditioner. It is only a $15.00 part and should only take a couple minutes to change, I just don't care enough about it to do it.
And for those that are brave enough to stay after such drastic measures, hire them where ever we can.
I think most Americans are really becoming pussies.I don't like the cold weather but heat I get used to. Maybe you'll change your tune when you find you have been replaced and can only find work at some cheesy sweatshop south of the border. I grew up in Ohio and I have shoveled snow in bitter cold with wind chills well below zero. Sure you can put on more layers of clothing but you can only put on so many pairs of socks and only one pair of gloves and your face is usually unprotected. My family and friends tell me that these women are destroying my life and I need to leave them but it is not them, it is me.They do not destroy my life, I do. I will admit that my selection of women is not all that good but I cannot ever seem to make a relationship work.
I work too hard and flirt too much and I am too strong willed,my relationships suffer.I have become happy with who I am eventhough I cannot seem to find a person that wants to share my life for very long. From time to time I do get lonely but I do not mind being alone.This past week a small kitten showed up at my house. It does not want to be picked up but it is getting to be more comfortable with me, I can pet it when I feed it.
My new cat is starting to trust me and this gives me hope.Some day I will get another chance. Somewhere there is a person that be will becomfortable with me and learn to trust me eventhough I am who I am.Last week my niece graduated from high school and this week my son will as well. I can recall that i had so much potential to make something of my life and make a difference in the world.I do not know if I will ever reach the potential I once had but I believe I am happy with my life.
As far as making a difference, with the number of people that visit this site and read my thoughts, I must be touching someone.
As I have said so many times I am not trying to make anyone believe the things I believe, I just want people to honestly think about what they believe.For all of the young people graduating from high school and college around the country my best wishes go out to you all. He has been terrorized for years because he is one of few doctors in America that performs late term abortions.
The radical right finally got rid of him.Why do anti abortionists call themselves "pro life"? A person is not"pro life" when they are in favor of murder and killing as ways to solve problems. Only a person of very limited intelligence is unable to find another way of solving problems other than resorting to violence.It is a dream of mine that no woman ever need to abort her fetus, but I understandthat some times it is needed and all women should be able to have that option. The Simplicity of the Gospel The Heart of the Matter Equality at the Cross Are Our Emotions Really the Problem? I do understand that a society does need these options that are"anti life" but we need to do our best to limit the usage of these methods.I went to Hulover Beach for Memorial Day and a little something happened that reminded me why I started this website. I was lying on the beach doing my crossword puzzle and minding my own business when all of a sudden some lady started yelling at me.Haulover's clothing optional section is clearly marked so if she was surprised that I was naked it was her own fault. A Christmas Message: Giving birth to Jesus The Master Strategist Father Sergius by Leo Tolstoy Keeping it Simple Pt 1, God's Love, Simply Divine Keeping it Simple Pt 2, The Holy Spirit Keeping it Simple Pt 3, What's the Problem? She did have some small children with her so I can understand that she would not want these children to be playing close to naked people but all she had to do was move down the beach and the problem would have been solved.
She insisted upon being belligerent and making a scene and calling us sick and perverts.I can handle being called a pervert by ignorant people but this kind of an attitude upsets me. Deeper, Addressing Need Beyond Sin Partaking of the Wrong Fruit Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth The Eye of the Beholder Is it Really not About Me?
Had she not said anything and just moved down the beach tthe children would have thought nothing of it.
I guess there are a lot of people that think we should be ashamed of our bodies but these people have issues that they need to deal with.I am not as young as I once was and my once athletic figure is not as nice as it used to be but I am not ashamed of my body and neither should anyone else. Today too many drivers are under the immpression that they are the only ones that matter or the only ones on the road. I will never understand why people drive in the left hand lane of the freeway when they will not even come within 10 mph of the speed limit. They just continue straight ahead like a moving pylon oblivious to the hazards they cause.Cell phones are one thing that can cause some really bad driving and I don't know why. I have a cell phone and I talk on it while I drive but I make sure that the driving is the most important part of my life at that momment. Bo Bo the Boxing Cat When Laughter Becomes Horrific Cyber Wars My Run for Office Walking in Your Shoes This Earthen Vessel Signs That You May Talk too Much The "ITES" Family Pesky Squirrels No Cheap Thrill Biketoberfest is Here Mercy for Me A Letter to Pastor and his Homies Holy Spirit Take the Wheel 4.
If a person can drive and talk to passengers in the vehicle than we should be able to talk to someone on the phone.I cannot understand why anyone would ever try to text while driving and yet I see this quite often. Identifying with our Beliefs and Values My Multi-Racial Complex Soul Ties Jesus or Santa Clause? She had a bumper sticker that reminded people to not drink amd drive and she proceeded to drive off the side of the road and almost wrecked in front of me trying to get straightened out.
Home Building, Phase One Home Building, Phase Two Home Building, Phase Three Family Matters 5. She turned down the same street I was turning on and she continued driving like a fool so I blew my horn at her.
She used one finger to wave at me and then I noticed she also had a license plate that had "In God We Trust" on it.
If you do not love your mother, I hope the two of you can resolve your differences.I am not a big fan of doing something nice for someone just because it is a holiday. ExtrasHelp for Victim Mentality Dance of Fire Faith and Science The Legend of the Three Trees The Song of the Heart The Progressive Journey What's all the Worship About? If the people in your life do not know that you love them based upon the things you do all year long, one or two days a year won't make a difference. That Shiny Nose The Call from the Dark Side A Cinderella Story The Invisible Woman Captivity, Love, and Liberty The Story of a Soul ~Holiday Greetings all Year RoundWhat is Christmas About? I never make a big deal out of mothers day or birthdays or any other particular day, I try to show that I care every day.I have known people that make a big deal out of showing how much they love their families on special occassions.
I am pretty damned sure the people close to me know that I love them but that won't stop me from doing those little things that prove it. Was this minister more interested in his parishoners salvation or the amount of money collected in that plate?A few years later I was living in Alabama and I would go to church occasionally with my girlfriend and her mother. One dayI overheard a discussion about how the minister wanted my girlfriends mother to contribute more money to the church. This old widow lady lived on a very small social security income and I got more than just a little upset.I told her that she has given enough to the church through the years and now it is her turn to receive.
She made a comment about god providing and I brought up the fact that Ken provided her groceries the week before.
Curso Intensivo Cuando La Risa Se Convierte En Horribles Hasta su final de Cereales, Alimentacion de Migas 10. Within a few weeks I moved back to Ohio.Recently I was at my parents house and I noticed an envelope on the counter. Jo's CornerA Getaway with the Lord in Savannah, Georgia Stalking the Divine Robin's Egg Blue Eyes Dating the Lord His Awesome Craftmanship More Signs of New LIfe Signs of New Life Seeing the Flip Side of it all Vision Wind Surfing Prayer, a Precious Gift Indeed In Touch with our femininity An update 11. It had the name of my parents church on it and it had a place to fill in an amount and a place for their name. If people want to give to a church that is fine but I believe it should be doneanonymously.What right does a church have to shame and intimidate people into donating money? People will give what they can afford and what they feel is appropriate and anyone that needs to use strong arm tactics to force people to give more are no better than an extortionist.A few years back I was supposed to paint a house for a couple but about one week from the date they called me and told me that due to family problems they would have to cancel. When I first met the Smiths Mrs.Smith was an attractive woman with a very friendly personallity. I soon realized that though this vibrant lady was going through a battle for her life she lost her hair but not her friendly personallity.From time to time as I face troubles in my own life I call on my memories of the Smiths and how they dealt with problems far worse than anything I might have been going through.
I was searching online for some information on a radio personality that I listen to and as Iread about this person I learned some things about another person on the same radio program.I have never metthis other person but on air she is a very bubbly person. Her on air persona is that of an "airhead" but from exchanging e-mails with her I came to find out sheis much smarter than she acts on air. As a matter of fact the other members of the show often discuss how she is always happy and upbeat.Some people in this world get dealt badcards and decide to fold their hand, some people play the hand they are dealt and winthe game. I have found a new source of inspirationand another reason to keep playing the game of life.Last week I heard sports storyabout NBA great Isiah Thomas taking a job at a Florida University and donating his salary back to the school. Thomas is a very wealthy man and he is still being paid by the New York Knicks so it is not a monetary sacrifice butwith the amount of work requiredto be a college coach it is a lot of work to do for free.I heard Mr. Thomas make a statement that this is something he feels he needs to do because when he was young he took advantage of youthprogramsthat required charitable donations from others.
Thomas has gotten a lot of bad press the last couple of years but thislittle bit of good sure helps make up for a whole lot of bad. It makes me wonder why more wealthy people cannot give more than just money as a form of charity.
Thomas has a chance to touch lives and make a difference and he is asking nothing in return.Often times I have found myself in situations where I stop to help someone. I am not a mechanic but I can help people with flat tires, dead batteries and simple things. Most of the time when I am done helping out the person offers me payment and I always say thesame thing, "One day awhile back someone gave me a favor and today I am giving that favor to you. The only thing Iask in return is that some day you give this favor to someone else that needs it."Wouldn't the World be a better place if people stopped thinking money is the most important thing? Wouldn't it be nice if people just helped out because it was the right thing to do and not because there was something in it for them? I don't do nice things for people fopr money and I don't do nice things because I am trying to buy my way into Heaven. Greed is much like pornography in that it is hard to define but we all know it when we see it.
Of course we all have different visions, don't we?It seems to me our greed is destroying us, The cause of the world's financial meltdown is none other than greed. Greed of Wall Street, Greed of Banks, Greed of Speculators, Greed from our Politiciansand the list goes on. People at the helm once told the rest of us no, you cannot afford this but lately due to their own greed they started showing us how we could get it eventhough we cold not afford it.The collapse of the housing market was in a large part due to the Greed of Realators and Home Builders. For generations the industry stayed clear of Speculators because they knoew it would cause long term problems eventhough they would make short term profits. Our Banking system has collapsed due toour elected officials taking money from banks toremove regulation from the finacial industry. Thelarge banks were the largest owners of oil in America and then when the banks went broke what happened to the price of oil? There is no way possible one man did this.This scam was so large there had to be many, many people involved.
If investors had not been so driven by their desire to make money with no effort they would have asked questions and they would have seen the red flags.Desire to make money and have nice things is notGreed.
Taking advantage of situations and people to achieve results that benefit a few while harming the masses is just wrong.



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