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10.02.2014
Manage your email preferences and tell us which topics interest you so that we can prioritize the information you receive. A: The first thing to do is collect the documents that prove you have legally changed your name. The next step is to fill out an application for a Social Security card (pdf); it's the same form you used to apply for the first time.
You can buy a copy of the DMF from the National Technical Information Service, which is part of the Commerce Department.
Q: I've heard that Social Security keeps track of the names of the babies born in the United States each year. A: When babies are born in this country, their parents often apply right away for Social Security numbers for their new offspring, thus allowing the agency to collect the names. Liam was followed in order by Jacob, Mason, William, Ethan, Michael, Alexander, Jayden and Daniel. Social Security administrators noticed a rise in 2013 in the popularity of two pop-culture names: Jayceon and Daleyza. Social Security has a Web page about names that lets you go much deeper into the subject and search the popularity of specific names in past years and specific states. AARP is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that helps people 50 and older improve the quality of their lives. If climate change is the key process in the natural world impacting on sustainable development, then globalisation is the parallel process in the human world, creating both opportunities for, and barriers to, sustainable development. Globalisation is the ongoing process that is linking people, neighbourhoods, cities, regions and countries much more closely together than they have ever been before. While globalisation is not a new process, it has accelerated rapidly since World War II, and is having many effects on people, the environment, cultures, national governments, economic development and human well-being in countries around the world. Globalisation, as defined by rich people like us, is a very nice thing… you are talking about the Internet, you are talking about cell phones, you are talking about computers. These issues make the development of an understanding of globalisation, its various integrated forms, its driving forces and its impacts a vitally important education objective. To develop a rationale for integrating a global perspective in Teaching and Learning for a Sustainable Future. World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation (2004) A Fair Globalisation: Creating Opportunities for All, International Labour Organisation, Geneva.
Hover over any word in the story, which you think links the young person to a global connection somewhere in the world each morning. As I wake up, I throw back the sheetsSheets are made from cotton first domesticated in India but now grown, spun and sewn in China by a British owned company. Typically, these cultural, economic and environmental aspects of globalisation are the ones most often considered when people think about globalisation. However, growing ideas about the need for international understanding and a global culture of peace.
During World War II, Robert Muller lived under Nazi occupation and was imprisoned by the Gestapo. On the night of the French liberation from Germany at the end of the war, he stood in a field and wept for all the young people whose lives were lost. Among the many honours for his efforts to build a global culture of peace, Robert Muller was made Chancellor of the United Nations University for Peace in Costa Rica. UNESCO awarded him the 1989 Peace Education Prize in recognition of World Core Curriculum that he wrote. Q2: Many people see globalisation as something to do with international finance and trade, multinational compaies the Internet, Hollywood and Boolywood movies and other threats to local identity and culture.
A child born today will be faced as an adult, almost daily, with problems of a global interdependent nature, be it peace, food, the quality of life, inflation, or scarcity of resources. It is, therefore, the duty and the self-enlightened interest of governments to educate their children properly about the type of world in which they are going to live. Q3: When you read arguments as persuasive as this quotation, it is hard to understand why all school curricula do not have a strong global perspective.
Save your answers to Questions 2-4 in your learning journal as you will return to them at the end of this module. As well as Robert Muller, many other global educators and peace makers have won the UNESCO Peace Education Prize. Robin works in England as a consultant on multicultural and anti-racist education and, at one time, was Chief Inspector in one of the education regions of London. As long ago as 1980, he was writing school textbooks with titles such as World in Conflict, Progress and Poverty and Planet in Crisis. Robin Richardson drew inspiration from a novel called Lark Rise to Candleford to describe the concentric circles approach. Beyond the garden in summer there were fields of oats and barley and wheat which sighed and rustled when the wind blew, and which filled the air with pollen and heavy earth scents. Beyond their world enclosed by trees there was, they were told, a wider world where there were hamlets similar to their own, and towns, and cities, and the sea, and beyond the sea other countries where people spoke languages different from their own. But for the children, in their small world bounded by the trees, this wider world was but an idea, unrealized. Robin Richardson used this passage from Lark Rise to Candleford to depict the concentric circle view of the world.
The concentric circles approach is very often used as a way of structuring school syllabuses in geography, history and other social science subjects.
Robin Richardson argues that the concentric circles approach has problems as a model of today’s interconnected world as it ignores the many different links across the scales. As the diagram shows, the systems act like drive-belts on a motor, turning and shaping our personal and local worlds in line with events and processes that are taking place elsewhere in the systems. In fact, the situation is even more complex than this because we can no longer see the school curriculum as made up of separate subjects.
Thus, there is a need to recognise that the systems that drive the world today demand new responses in education.
Q7: Do you think the World Core Curriculum follows the concentric circle or the systems approach? What are teachers around the world doing to help their students understand this systems perspective on the increasingly interconnected nature of the world today? Roll the mouse over the countries marked on the map to see how some teachers are answering these questions. The class has put all their textbooks on trial with the authors charged with producing racist teaching materials. The chocolate bar is divided into sections according to how much each person in the commodity chain earns. Q8: Select three lessons that you would find interesting to teach and describe the systems that students are learning about. Globalisation describes a world environment in which there is relatively free and frequent movement of goods, capital, people, information and ideas internationally. We saw in the World Core Curriculum and the examples of global education, that globalisation can emphasize the sharing of cultural experiences and building a global culture of peace. Economic globalisation has made global market forces more important in the daily lives of the world’s people relative to nation state political forces.
For example, the Silk Road across Central Asia connected China and Europe during the Middle Ages. The 19th and early 20th Centuries were also a time of very rapidly increasing free movement of goods, capital and people. Despite becoming politically independent in the years after World War II, most former colonies remained tied into the global economy as suppliers of raw materials, low-paid labour and markets for manufactured imports. To encourage economic growth and investment, governments have privatized many previously government owned services and industries and deregulated economic activity to allow market forces greater scope.
Large multinational corporations have replaced governments as the vehicle for economic domination and many have grown to be larger and more powerful than most countries.
Rapid advances in technology, especially in manufacturing, communication and transport in recent decades, has seen the industrial revolution replaced by the information and services revolution. See an animated film of the globalized supply chains involved in the manufacture of televisions, including case studies from Ethiopia, Turkey, China, India and Mexico. Economic globalisation is a pervasive part of our daily lives – but globalization is more than just economics.
What sort of evidence would convince you that globalisation is a pervasive part of daily life? Q10: Summarise what you have learnt, this far, about globalisation in your Learning Journal. Globalisation is a process in which the people and countries of the world are being brought closer and closer together, economically and culturally, through trade, information technology, travel, cultural exchanges, the mass media and mass entertainment. The journalist and author, Thomas Friedman, is one of the most well-known popular writer on globalisation. This is similar to the definition provided by Joseph Stiglitz, a former Senior Vice-President of the World Bank and a winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics. A number of scholars argue that these definitions are too narrow as they do not emphasise the many different aspects of globalisation. These different dimensions of globalisation often need to be studied separately in order to provide a detailed analysis. Q11: Identify an example of each of the four dimensions of globalisation in Good Morning World! We saw in the previous activity that globalisation works through many interconnected means. Since World War II, and especially since the 1980s, governments have reduced many barriers to international trade through international agreements such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). The harmonisation of intellectual property laws and cross-border recognition of intellectual property restrictions (e.g. Neo-liberal trade policies are intended to encourage free trade but many people, especially in developing countries, argue that it has not produced fair trade.
One explanation is that carbonated soft drinks are very profitable to sell but water is not.
A growing amount of what we consume is produced from outside our own countries by MNCs whose purpose is to make a profit for their owners and shareholders. Sometimes MNCs are so large that they transcend national boundaries in their operations and are know as transnational corporations (TNCs).
Shell – The energy company that operates in 140 countries, and, through chain of petrol filling stations, claims to run the largest retail network in the world. The rise of the Internet is only one of the many manifestations of globalisation and communication technologies.
This can be an enriching process for many people, opening their minds to new ideas and experiences, and strengthening the universal values in a global culture of peace and understanding. As a result, one part of the cultural impact of globalisation has been to create a global consumer culture. The important point to note about consumerism is that it is both an effect and cause of on-going globalisation. Q14: Draw a diagram to illustrate the interconnectedness of these drivers of globalisation. Up to 90% of music sales is by just five corporations: EMI Records, Sony, Vivendi Universal, AOL Time Warner and BMG.
Each company also operates in a variety of fields beyond recorded music, including film making and distribution, publishing, electronics and telecommunications. Q15: Explain how the global music industry illustrates the free trade, MNC, communications and consumer drivers of globalisation. Scholars have interpreted the interconnectedness of these drivers of globalisation in a number of ways. Globalisation is experienced in many different ways in many parts of the world, and there are many different opinions about it. The last two years have witnessed a cascade of interconnected crises: financial panic, rising food and oil prices, climate shocks, a flu pandemic, and more. Let us now bring the power of global partnership to bear on climate change, poverty reduction, and food production.
The economic order or local economic activities in any country are built up over long years and reflect the influence of each country’s traditions, habits, and national lifestyles. Globalisation is about worldwide economic activity – about open markets, competition and the free flow of goods, services, capital and knowledge. Review how globalisation is viewed in your country or a part of the world near, or like, yours. Categorise perspectives on globalisation into lists of what you believe to be pro- and anti-globalisation statements. Q18: What ethical dilemmas might you face if your views of globalisation as an individual and as a teacher are relatively similar?
Q19: What ethical dilemmas might you face if your views of globalisation as an individual and as a teacher are very different? Review the principles that you could follow when teaching about a controversial issue such as globalisation, and compare them with the views of other teachers.
Supporters of globalisation point to many improvements in standards of living around the world. However, critics argue that some of these improvements may not be due to globalisation but to national policies on education and land reform, for example. To try to address these concerns, the United Nation’s International Labour Organisation (ILO) established an independent World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation in 2002. The role of the Commission was to investigate the needs of people faced with the unprecedented changes that globalisation is bringing to their lives, their families, work places and communities. The Report acknowledged the benefits of globalisation but concluded that the inadequate regulation of globalization at national and international levels (i.e. Seen through the eyes of the vast majority of men and women around the world, globalisation has not met their simple aspiration for decent jobs, livelihoods and a better future for their children. Q20: What can be done to help ensure that national leaders take better note of A Fair Globalisation: Creating Opportunities for All? The United Nations World Food Programme has investigated food security will be affected by the global financial crisis by conducting case studies in five countries – Armenia, Bangladesh, Ghana, Nicaragua and Zambia.
Overseas workers from these countries have not been able to remit as much money home to their families. Overall, the most affected groups are: unskilled workers in the urban areas, families who rely on remittances, retrenched workers from the export sectors, miners and tourism sector workers and poor households. The report found that families in these countries had to develop several strategies to cope with the global financial crisis. Q21: Compare and contrast the impacts of the global financial crisis on food security and health in your country and one of those studied by the World Food Programme. A 2009 report by the World Bank predicted that global GDP will decline for the first time since World War II as a result of the failure of governments to regulate financial institutions and globalisation properly. The global financial crisis is also a major setback to progress on the Millennium Development Goals.
As a result, even though the global financial crisis began in the USA and Europe, it is hitting developing countries the hardest. Q22: What do you believe should be done to address the slow progress on towards achieving the MDGs? At their meetings in 2009 to deal with the global financial crisis, the leaders of the twenty largest economies in the world (which account for 80% of global GDP), the G20 have replaced the narrow G8 group as the major international economic forum in the world.
The G20 meeting in September 2009 agreed to a set of key principles or core values as fundamental to strong, sustainable and balanced economic activities. The prospects of globalisation has also been called into question by the fact that many governments have also established economic stimulus programs meant to accelerate national productivity, undermining imports and export-oriented growth. In 1978 he entered the Government Economic Service as an Assistant Economist in the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland. He was first elected as MP for Banff and Buchan in 1987 and was elected as National Convener for the Scottish National Party in 1990.
He was re-elected as Leader of the SNP in 2004 and elected as MSP for the Gordon constituency in May 2007. He won the Aberdeenshire East constituency at the May 5, 2011, election when the SNP won a majority of seats of in the Scottish Parliament and MSPs re-elected him unopposed for a second term as FM on May 18. When not working he enjoys horse racing, football - supporting Scotland and Heart of Midlothian FC - golf and reading. Richard has played a formative role in international research on the social determinants of health and on the societal effects of income inequality. Professor Charles W Munn was chairman of the Church of Scotland Special Commission on the Purposes of Economic Activity 2010-2012.
Sally Foster-Fulton is Associate Minister at Dunblane Cathedral and Convener of the Church and Society Council for the Church of Scotland.


Phil Hanlon was educated in the West of Scotland and graduated in medicine from Glasgow University in 1978.
Likes: The countryside, cycling, walking, bird-watching and wildlife, reading and when time permits theatre, concerts and cinema. Stuart Allan was educated at Morgan Academy and then graduated in law from the University of Dundee in 1970.
He enjoyed a distinguished career in local government (including Moray and Nairn Joint County Council, Highland Regional Council, Fife Regional Council and Fife Council) latterly being Director of Corporate Services and Head of Law and Administration. During his career he has acted as an adviser to a number of organisations including COSLA, the Scottish Office and the Assembly of European Regions.
He has also acted as Returning Officer and Regional Returning Officer at local government, Parliamentary, Scottish Parliamentary and European elections. In 2001, he was appointed the first Chief Investigating Officer under the Ethical Standards (Scotland) Act and in 2009, he was appointed by the Parliament to be the Scottish Parliamentary Standards Commissioner. In 2011, he was appointed as the first Public Standards Commissioner for Scotland (which took over the functions of the Chief Investigating Officer and the Scottish Parliamentary Standards Commissioner). He is also member and chair of the Commission for Ethical Standards in Public Life in Scotland. Alison Phipps is Professor of Languages and Intercultural Studies, and Co-Convener of Glasgow Refugee, Asylum and Migration Network (GRAMNET).
Margo MacDonald has been an Independent list MSP for Lothians since 2003, and was a SNP list Member from 1999. A former Chief Executive of Network Scotland, Margo devised and set up Drugline, Smokeline, NHS Patients' Helpline, and managed and re-organised the National AIDS Helpline. Margo worked as a broadcaster with Radio Forth from 1981-85 after which she presented and reported for the BBC, Channel 4 etc.
Margo was Director of Shelter Scotland 1978 – 1981 prior to which she worked as a writer and broadcaster.
This timeline was created for the Museum of The San Fernando ValIey and pulls from resources like Calisphere, the Library of Congress, CSUN, personal blogs and a diverse set of publications. Special thanks to Tiffany Do for her research and interest in creating the timeline, and Hillary Jenks and Alexis Moreno for their help in writing the entries. 50,000 a€“ 15,000 BC People of northeast Asia follow herds of caribou, bison & mammoth and migrate across the present day Bering Strait. 1542 Juan Cabrillo claims Southern California territory for the Spanish kingdom, beginning over three and half centuries of occupation. 1822A  Spanish rule in California becomes Mexican rule with the rise of the Republic of Mexico and the country's successful War for Independence from Spain. 1833 The Mexican government secularizes the missions, making them public property and allows for land to be distributed to Indian neophytes and Mexican soldiers as payment for service in the military. 1843 Manuel Micheltorena, governor of southern California, decrees the restoration of southern missions to church control.
1846 Governor Pio Pico sells most of the San Fernando Valley land to Eulogio de Celis before the Mexican War. 1846 - 1848 The Mexican American War results in California becoming part of the United States, along with more than half of former Mexican land. 1847 Agreement of peace (Cahuenga Capitulation) between Fremont and Pico gives Americans control of California in the war. 1849 The gold rush in Northern California draws people, and the Valley is cow country full of ranchos that feed them. 1850 California joins the United States; Los Angeles County (which includes the San Fernando Valley) initially comprises 4,340 square miles and the first United States Census measures its population at 3,530. 1851 Alexander Bell and David Alexander become the first American landowners in the Valley after Vicente de Osa sells Rancho Providencia. 1854 Rancho Ex-Mission de San Fernando falls into hands of Andres Pico who becomes known for his hospitality and entertainment.
1855 A new road allows lines of stages, trains of wagons and pack mules to travel to Kern River gold fields. 1860 Geronimo Lopez’s adobe home becomes known as the Lopez Station for housing the stagehouse for the Valley.
1880 San Fernando Farm Homestead Association officially distributes property to stockholders. 1887 A real estate boom partitions up the Valley, beginning with the Lankershim Ranch Land and Water Company, which buys land from the Los Angeles Farm and Milling Company. 1897 Squatters of the Land Settlers league attempt to squat in the San Fernando Valley under the belief that it is public land for settlement. 1907 Los Angeles approves a 23 million dollar bond issue for aqueduct construction from Owens Valley.
In 1915, the city of Los Angeles annexes the San Fernando ValleyA  - a crucial development as this enables the Valley to gain access to the water coming from Owens Valley from the Los Angeles Aqueduct (completed two years earlier under the direction of William Mulholland).
1916 Due to the influx of water provided by the LA Aqueduct, Valley residents begin growing oranges.
1918 The Valley reports record crops including 55,000,000 pounds of beans, and a variety of fruits and vegetables including apricots, citrus, peaches, potatoes, and sugar beets.
1926 The town of Sherman Oaks and the street Sherman Way bear legacy to pioneer of the San Fernando Valley General Moses Hazeltine Sherman. 1931 Residents protest changing the name of Cahuenga to Highland because of the uniqueness of the name Cahuenga. 1941- May 29 Disney Studio animators strike Disney due to Walt Disney's inconsistent monetary rewards for better workers. 1941 When the United States joins World War II, the Valley changes from a place of agriculture to manufacturing as part of the war effort and defense institutions like Lockheed.
1941 Old Trapper’s Lodge Motel with giant trapper sculptures is built as an attraction.
1945 Despite the wartime ban against strikes, set designers from the Conference of Studio Unions strike against Warner Brothers film studio for 30 weeks. 1956 The San Fernando Valley Campus of the Los Angeles State College of Applied Arts and Sciences (CSUN) opens. 1959 Valley leaders and parents protest the increase in mailed pornography in the community. 1966 A coalition of property owning and tax paying associations come together to create a mass group to protest hikes on property taxes. Between 1967 and 1971 there are six massive demonstrations at San Fernando Valley State College (now known as California State University Northridge) against the lack of representation or curricula related to ethnic studies and the war in Vietnam. 1971 The Sylmar Tunnel Disaster strikes when Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company tunnels to bring water from the Feather River to the Los Angeles basin. 1979A  Valley residents march against Rocketdyne’s Canoga Park facility on the anniversary of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings to protest the dangerous activities of operations involving nuclear energy. 1991 Motorist Rodney King is pulled over on Foothill Boulevard in Lake View Terrace where 15 LAPD officers in patrol cars converged on him.
1992 The Rodney King trial takes place in Simi Valley with a jury of ten whites, one Latino, and one Asian. 1994 a€“ 57 people lose their lives in the wake of the 6.7 magnitude Northridge Earthquake.
1996 Unrest occurs at California State University Northridge when Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke speaks on campus. These might include, in your case, a divorce decree, and in other cases a marriage certificate, a naturalization certificate showing a new name, or a court order name change statement.
Deliver the form personally or mail it to your local Social Security office with your documents.
For the smooth administration of present or future benefits, it's important that your name on the card matches your name shown on basic legal documents.
The name and number on the card allow the system to keep track of your lifetime earnings and figure out your retirement and other benefits. The information is offered in several formats (including online searches) at varying costs. In 2013, the most popular boy's name was Noah, replacing Jacob, which had held the top spot since 1999.
This has resulted in our lives being intertwined with people in all parts of the world via the food we eat, the clothing we wear, the music we listen to, the information we get and the ideas we hold. The process is driven economically by international financial flows and trade, technologically by information technology and mass media entertainment, and very significantly, also by very human means such as cultural exchanges, migration and international tourism. Such a understanding can provide young people with critical insights into the social, cultural and political impacts of the globalising impacts of economic integration and communication technologies – as well as provide them with capacities to assess the costs and benefits in their lives an communities and those of people in other parts of the world. These will also be a focus of this module as they strongly affect the prospects for sustainable development, both positively and negatively.
He was also awarded the Albert Schweitzer International Prize for the Humanities, the Eleanor Roosevelt Man of Vision Award, and the World Citizenship Award from the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.
He (sic) will be both an actor and a beneficiary or a victim in the total world fabric, and he may rightly ask: “Why was I not warned? They must inform them of the action, the endeavour, and the recommendations of their global organisations a?¦ and prepare their young people to assume responsibility for the consequences of their actions and help in the care of several billion more fellow humans on Earth.
Nevertheless, he is one of the key thinkers in the world about globalisation and education. He has also worked as a consultant or lecturer in a range of governmental and other organisations in the UK, in most west European countries, and in Australia, Czech Republic, Israel, Kenya, Lesotho, India, Japan, South Africa and the United States. So, whenever he writes anything about globalisation and education, you can generally be sure that it is not only very learned and wise, but also of value in day to day teaching. The differences between these are important as they underpin significant differences not only in thinking about the nature of globalisation but also in philosophies of education.
Whereas everything within their own world was more than life-size, and more richly coloured. It is our personal world and, beyond it, can be found the local region, national borders, oceans and the far-off countries of the world, each cascading out from the centre in concentric circles, just like when you throw a stone in a pool of water.
Thus, there is a need to map onto the concentric circles the notion of world systems, with four of the most important of these being economics, politics, ecology and culture. If disciplinary specialists working on their own cannot solve these major contemporary issues in the real world then it makes little sense for teachers and students to study them in disciplinary boxes in classrooms.
The teacher starts with the local shopkeeper and, working backwards all the way to the cocoa grower, explains the share of the chocolate bar price each person is paid. The lessons in the previous activity were guiding students towards an understanding of some of the many consequences of globalisation. The great Chinese navigator, Cheng Ho (or Zheng He), made seven voyages to Southeast Asia, India, the Persian Gulf, and Africa between 1405 and 1433 AD and established major trading ports. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade saw over ten million Africans shipped to the Americas in 35,000 voyages between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. The lending and development policies of international agencies and banks, to open their economies to international goods, services, practices and ideas.
There are many other examples and forms of globalisation, and evidence is found in all aspects of daily life, just as we saw in the story, Good Morning World!
The impacts of these have been so rapid that they are the focus of much academic and popular writing. His books include: The Lexus and the Olive Tree, The World is Flat, and Hot, Flat and Crowded. However, they are closely interlinked and have many interconnections and a full picture of each one must include its relationships with the others. Some examples of the drivers behind globalisation that were identified included: the promotion of free trade, multinational corporations, transport, the media and communications technologies, and consumerism. Taking advantage of new opportunities in foreign markets, large corporations are able to source their raw materials from many different countries and establish factories and sales outlets all over the world.
The first includes the neo-liberal trade and economic policies we saw in the previous section. A multinational corporation (MNC) is a large company engaged in international production and sales. Many of these companies have active corporate social responsibility programmes to assist the communities where they operate. Advances in transport and information technology, in particular, have dramatically transformed economic life. And, in so doing, the lived experience of globalisation and the mental and cultural models of the world it creates serve to further encourage even greater globalisation of the economy, culture and politics. However, some commentators have noticed that the concentration of major entertainment and advertising industries in the United States as contributing to the decreasing diversity of global cultures.
Around the world, these brands are identified with the United States and represent its dominance around the globe.
Itself a product of the media, new communication technologies and the resultant normalisation of Western ways of life, consumerism drives global demand for new and more products which, in its turn, drives the sales of products of multinational corporations and entrenches economic globalization.
This extends their influence to cover more markets within the global entertainment industry. While the world’s economic situation remains difficult, the benefits of monetary and fiscal cooperation among the major economies is clear.
Let us begin an economic recovery that is not only robust, but also just, inclusive, and sustainable a?? lifting the entire world. However, globalism progressed without any regard for various non-economic values, nor for environmental issues or problems of resource restriction.
This is especially evident in India as we witness the unfolding disasters of globalisation, especially in food and agriculture. Others argue that these improvements may have been possible without the current form of globalisation and its negative consequences. The Commission looked at the various dimensions of globalisation, the diversity of public perceptions of the process, and its implications for economic and social development. The negative results of these policies, it argues, is due to the fact that financial and economic priorities of free trade have consistently predominated over social ones, including measures to support international human rights and the principles of international solidarity. For example, in Zambia, the copper mining industry has retrenched a quarter of all workers while reduced exports of jute and clothing from Bangladesh have caused 300,000 job losses.
For example, the Zambian Kwacha has lost a third of its value while Armenian Dram and Ghanaian Sidi have depreciated by 25% against the USD.
Countries in the Global South are predicted to face a financial gap of $270-$700 billion caused by the global recession and mounting public and private debt and trade deficits. For example, when poor households withdraw their children from school, there is a significant risk that they will not return once the crisis is over, or that they will not be able to learn what they have missed from months or years of poor or no school attendance. We also have a responsibility to achieve the internationally agreed development goals.We have a responsibility to ensure an international economic and financial architecture that reflects changes in the world economy and the new challenges of globalisation.
Identify (i) the two you believe to be most beneficial to the poorest people in the world and (ii) the two that might be least beneficial. He attended Linlithgow Academy before studying at St Andrews University, where he graduated with a joint honours MA in Economics and History. In 1980 he joined the Royal Bank of Scotland where he worked for seven years: first as an Assistant Economist before being appointed Energy Economist in 1982 and, from 1984, Royal Bank Economist. He served as leader of the opposition in the Scottish Parliament when he was elected MSP for Banff and Buchan Constituency in 1999. He also writes business history and recently completed a history of the Airdrie Savings Bank. The Church and Society Council is responsible for facilitating interface between the Church of Scotland and wider civic society.
He was then promoted to Colonel and served for 3 years in the Ministry of Defence in the Military Operations Directorate.Promoted to Brigadier in 1998, he commanded the 52nd Lowland Brigade based in Edinburgh Castle. He was a member of the Working Group dealing with the Internal Management of Local Authorities set up for the purpose of the last re-organisation of local government. In June 2012 he was also appointed as acting Public Appointments Commissioner for Scotland.
She is a member of the Creativity, Culture and Faith group in the School of Education at the University of Glasgow where she teaches languages, religious education, anthropology and intercultural education and education for non-violence.
She was MP for Govan 1973 – 1974 before and after which she combined the roles of barmaid and mother. They move south along ice-fee corridors into the North American continent to what is now California. With him are two Franciscan padres, Junipero Serra and Juan Crespi, who record the expedition and found the first mission. Of the missions’ eight million acres originally designated as the property of converted Native Americans, 500 land grants are created for influential families. Though the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo formally ends the war, it becomes an issue of contention when existing Californio rights are not honored as promised, and the Treaty is breached.
The treaty takes place at the house of Don Feliz (Campo de Cahuenga) near the Cahuenga Pass.


His adobe house eventually becomes state historical monument: Los Encinos State Historical Park. This pamphlet extolls the benefits of living in Southern California in order to be healed of many diseases like tuberculosis. Los Angeles Farm and Milling Company, the successor to the Homestead Association, promotes wheat and flour-milling industry. Going back to Native American terms, the word Cahuenga reflects the Native American origins of the San Fernando Valley. Phyllis O’Kray from the crash of a jet plane, Valley residents picket Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in Van Nuys to abolish the use of the San Fernando Valley for jet flying.
This will be the third institution of higher education founded in the Valley; in 1947 Pierce College is founded and in 1949 Valley College opens.
Murrow televises the Sodium Reactor Experiment from the Santa Susana Research Facility on his program as it powered Moorpark.
Although safety inspector Wally Zavattero discovers hazardous conditions and orders precautions taken, they are ignored, leading to an explosion that killed 17 people. Protesting for equality, the senior citizens gather at the Van Nuys-Sherman Oaks Recreation Center to band together. A local resident videotapes the beating, which becomes a national discussion on police brutality. With twenty billion dollars in damage, it is one of the costliest natural disasters in United States history. If the 300 square mile area that is the Valley were a single city, it would be the 5th largest in the nation. The name and number also connect you into American society and institutions at large, which commonly use the number for personal identification. You don't want to risk losing it — identity thieves would find the information on it very useful.
And preschooler Daleyza Hernandez appears on the Spanish-language reality TV series Larrymania. This provides an important ethical, as well as analytical, dimension to the study of globalisation. Poverty, Inequality, and Growth in the Era of Globalization, Institute for International Economics, Washington DC.
Rewrite both forms of the story so that it more accurately described the typical morning of young people in your country.
He devoted the next 40 years to the UN, working behind the scenes on global cooperation to bring about a lasting world peace.
What reasons do you think curriculum writers or teachers may have for neglecting the global perspective? As the teacher completes each explanation, the student with that role cuts off a proportionate piece of the group’s chocolate bar and eats it.The students playing the role of cocoa farmers in the groups are becoming very concerned at the very small pieces of chocolate left for them! This activity takes a step backwards and provides evidence and examples of globalisation, clarifies the different meanings of globalisation and the drivers behind the many globalising processes in the world. For thousands of years, people have been buying and selling to each other across great distances.
The British East India Company was formed to trade with the East Indies (Indonesia) but ended up trading mostly between the Indian subcontinent and China.
By 1914, almost all of Africa, Asia, the Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean had been colonized by European countries to advance their wealth and power. That is, rapid advances in information technology and computerisation, for example, have reduced the time and costs of global communications, thus reinforcing the effects of these economic factors. Indeed, Joseph Stiglitz and Thomas Friedman, two of the main writers about economic globalisation have, also written extensively about the relationship between globalisation and climate change. While protesting about globalisation, these campaigners are very skilled in using one of globalisation’s major tools, the internet.
Neo-liberal policies favour private enterprise and discourage government investment in the sorts of social infrastructure that support education, health, public transport, housing and housing that contribute to social well-being. The largest MNCs have raw materials extraction and production sites in many different countries, even often manufacturing different components of a product in different countries where it has a cost advantage.
Nevertheless, of the 100 largest economies in the world, 51 are corporations while only 49 are countries, based on a comparison of corporate sales and country GDPs. As a result, MNCs have the potential to strongly influence international trade and investment laws so that they can meet their need to make a profit.
Coca-Cola, Disney and McDonalds have myriad sales outlets, hundreds of country web sites and billions of dollars to spend on advertising, thus spreading Western ways worldwide.
If we look back on the changes in Japanese society that have occurred since the end of the cold war, I believe it is no exaggeration to say that the global economy has damaged traditional economic activities and destroyed local communities.Capital and means of production can now be transferred easily across international borders. It generates an upward spiral of jobs and prosperity for countries that embrace the process, although the advantages will not reach everybody at the same time.
Assessments of globalisation therefore depend on whose perspective is being expressed, their experience of globalisation, and its impact on their lives. The dire results of this have been seen in the impacts of the global financial crisis of 2007-2009, which has increased prices for food in the most vulnerable people around the world. The case study countries were especially selected to enable the findings to be generalised to other countries with similar socio-economic conditions. This has led to inflation, and high food, fuel and fertiliser prices, especially for Zambia where food prices are increasing rapidly.
Women are working longer hours and, therefore, have less time to take care of their children – and child labour is increasing.
The World Bank also warns that infant deaths in developing countries may be 200,000 – 400,000 per year higher on average between 2009 and the MDG target year of 2015 than they would have been if the global financial crisis did not occur.
He is Professor Emeritus of Social Epidemiology at the University of Nottingham Medical School, Honorary Professor at UCL and a Visiting Professor at the University of York. It works with the government, scientific bodies, and the voluntary sector to open up debate on issues of importance to Scotland and its global neighbours. It was during this 3-year tour that he led the operation to eradicate Foot and Mouth Disease from Scotland.As Commandant, he set up and commanded the School of Infantry, based in Catterick, North Yorkshire, for 4 years 2002-2005. In 1994 Phil moved to become a Senior Lecturer in Public Health at the University of Glasgow and was promoted to Professor in 1999.
From 2001 -2006 she was the Director of the Graduate School for Arts and Humanities at Glasgow, with responsibility for 600 postgraduate students. 2004) with Manuela Guilherme and Tourism and Intercultural Exchange (2005) with Gavin Jack and most recently Learning the Arts of Linguistic Survival: Tourism, Languaging, Life (2007). The Sacred Expedition is a religious & military project of missionization and colonization on behalf of Spain. Using Native American workers to not only construct the mission but also work it, the mission quickly becomes one of the most prosperous in California, producing abundant harvests and goods. Unknown to his readers, Nordhoff is paid by the Southern Pacific Railroad to praise the curative nature of the region’s climate. The dam is approximately 200 feet high in San Francisquito Canyon, about 5 miles northeast of what is now Magic Mountain. Photographs at right by Dorothea Lange of the San Fernando Valley in 1936, care of the Library of Congress. Producers pelt metal nuts and bolts from the roof and police hose workers and throw tear gas. In July the Sodium Reactor Experiment suffers a partial meltdown; its estimated release is 240 times that of 3 Mile Island.
Until now, there has been no one museum or institution to document, preserve, and celebrate the full scope of the collective history, culture, and arts of such an important place until the 2005 incorporation of The Museum of the San Fernando Valley.
It includes basic information about the deceased and at present has more than 87 million names on it.
Maybe his triumph last year had something to do with advance publicity for the movie Noah, starring Russell Crowe.
She was followed in order by Emma, Olivia, Isabella, Ava, Mia, Emily, Abigail, Madison and Elizabeth.
I then go to the bathroomToday’s bathrooms are a recent development of the washrooms of ancient Rome in Italy.
He rose through the ranks of the UN to the highest appointed position: Assistant Secretary-General. Cultural interdependence, involving fusion, cross-over and mutual influences and borrowings, is a recurring feature in art, design, drama, literature, music and technology. After this exercise, the teacher leads a class discussion on other examples of injustice in the world food system. While sending cotton, silk, indigo dye and tea back to England, the Company made its greatest profits forcing Indian farmers to grow poppy flowers which were manufactured into opium in company-owned factories and then sold into China against the will of the Imperial government. This was achieved by using military power to rule colonies as sources as cheap, near slave labour and abundant, nearly free natural resources. Faster, easier and cheaper communications have enabled the rapid transfer of huge amounts of money electronically and the organisation of production on a multi-continental scale. For example, Friedman’s next book after The World is Flat was called Hot, Flat and Crowded, while Stiglitz was one of the lead authors of the 2007 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Free trade is strongly supported by the major international development banks and by economically powerful nations, such as US, UK and Japan, as they own 89% of multinational corporations.
However, it is the rapid improvements in information and communication technologies that have provided some of the strongest drivers of globalisation in recent years.
Among the many results of this process are the loss of local cultural difference and the decline of world languages and the cultural experiences they contain. The effects of the collapse of Lehman Brothers in September 2008 were transmitted worldwide within days: soon even the most remote villages in Africa, Asia, and Latin America were feeling the shock of reduced remittance income, canceled investment projects, and falling export prices.
Such perspectives also depend upon whether or not the economic status, government, access to telecommunications, etc.
Richard co-wrote The Spirit Level with Kate Pickett which won the 2011 Political Studies Association Publication of the Year Award and the 2010 Bristol Festival of Ideas Prize. The group organised large conferences and events to stimulate creative parish mission strategies. He is a lay member of the board of the Chartered Insurance Institute and of the European Financial Planning Association. The Council is quite intentional in its focus on social justice, and uses those lenses to frame its work. In 2006 he was appointed Deputy Commanding General of the Multi-National Security Transition Command - Iraq (MNSTC-I) based in Baghdad. In 2006 she moved to establish the Graduate School in the Faculty of Education, still at Glasgow, was now Associate Dean (Postgraduate) from 2008-2010. The mix of agrarian and industrial life at this early stage in the Valley’s history sets a precedent for the future economy of the Valley as a pastoral region with some areas of industry. But the taking of this water destroys the environment and the economy of the Owens Valley, once a beautiful valley known for its migrating birds and diverse, self-sustaining ecosystems. The dam fails upon its first full filling on March 12, killing 450 people in the San Francisquito and Santa Clara River valleys. These resources were sent to the factories in the colonial powers, where they underpinned the industrialisation and economic growth Europe and North America.
More recently, China and India are becoming strong supporters of free trade as their economies start to dominate global markets.
In the same way, climate shocks in parts of Europe, Australia, Asia, and the Americas in recent years contributed to soaring food prices that hit the poor and created instability and hardships in dozens of countries. In terms of market theory, people are simply personnel expenses, but in the real world people support the fabric of the local community and are the physical embodiment of its lifestyle, traditions, and culture. He is currently a member of the World Mission Future Strategy Group.He has explored the use of the arts in worship and Christian apologetics.
He serves as a public interest member of the Investigations Committee of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland.From 1988-2007 he was chief executive of the Chartered Institute of Bankers in Scotland and served for a time as President of the European Bank Training Network. This command had responsibility for training and equipping the new Iraqi Army and Police Force.He was appointed as the Colonel of the Regiment for The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) in 2002. She has published widely in the field of modern languages, tourism and intercultural studies and European anthropology as well as in the field of Higher Education Studies.
In a few instances, such as applying for certain kinds of federal benefits, you'll need to show the actual card, but usually all you need is to know the number. 2 name on the 2013 boys' list was Liam, perhaps reflecting the popularity of actor Liam Neeson, who starred in such films as The Chronicles of Narnia and Clash of the Titans.
This defining feature of globalisation is underpinned by a politico-economic philosophy known as neo-liberalism.
An individual gains respect as a person by acquiring a job and a role within the local community and being able to maintain his family’s livelihood. He was among the first Christian musicians to perform at the now prestigious Greenbelt Festival when it started in 1973. Prior to that he was a university lecturer for 13 years and a bank clerk in Glasgow for 3 years.He has served as a member of the board of the Scottish Qualifications Authority and of the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education.
In 2012 she received an OBE for Services to Education and Intercultural and Interreligious Relations in the Queen’s Birthday Honours. She co-edits the journal and book series Tourism and Cultural Change and the book series Languages, Intercultural Communication and Education and is editor of the journal Arts and Humanities in Higher Education.
Senator Maclay goes to the County Recorder in Los Angeles and creates the City of San Fernando (township) through a map of development plans. This bloody event leads to the passage of the 1947 Taft Hartley Act, which severely restricts workers’ abilities to strike and the power of unions. Additional fuel-element handling accidents occurred during the recovery process that resulted in radiological releases to the environment and surrounding communities. Returning to my bedroom, I take off my pyjamas and put on my clothesJeans and T-shirt, both made in El Salvador, but worn by people in almost every country. He has appeared on radio and television as a Christian broadcaster and is a regular blogger. From 1999 - 2004 She was Chair of the International Association for Languages and Intercultural Communication (IALIC). As part of the ministry at Bo'ness a not for profit media company has been established, along with a number of community entrepreneurial social outreach programmes. She is a senior policy advisor to the British Council and was an advisor to the World Council of Churches’ International Ecumenical Peace Convocation from 2007-2011.
Currently, the charity has HRH The Princess Royal as its patron and is now working not only in Amazonia where it has developed a free health service for over 100,000 people, but also in Tanzania where it hopes to place a third ship on Lake Victoria in 2013. Downstairs in the kitchen, I eat a bowl of cerealMuesli is based upon an original Swiss recipe made by a US owned company out of grains first domesticated in Mexico. His Bo'ness congregation at present are developing the World Without Walls Programme linking parishes in Scotland with overseas programmes.Until recently Albert wrote a weekly column in the local newspaper. His first publication appeared in the Scottish Church History Society Records, writing about the life of Rev James Barr MP, who played an enormous role in the politics of church and society in the early 20th century.
He has also written about the theology of Entertainment, and has had two books of prayers published.
Realising I am running late, I rush upstairs to clean my teethThe modern tooth brush is based upon a custom developed in ancient China..
He has recorded five albums of songs co-written by his long standing songwriting partner Iain Jamieson.Mr Bogle is married to Martha who retires this year after a distinguished career in education as an advocate for children with supported learning needs.
Downstairs again, I pull on my jacketMy jacket made from nylon fibre made from oil from Iraq by a New Zealand owned company but with a brand named after a city in Nepal. Upon hearing the verdict, hundreds of Los Angelenos begin a protest that turns into a a€?livea€? televised six-day riot where 53 people die and the total cost of damages equals $1,000,000,000. The mix of agrarian and industrial life at this early stage in the Valleya€™s history sets a precedent for the future economy of the Valley as a pastoral region with some areas of industry. Unknown to his readers, Nordhoff is paid by the Southern Pacific Railroad to praise the curative nature of the regiona€™s climate. Many singers record Jenkinsa€™ song including Bing Crosby (whose version hits #1 on Billboard Magazinea€™s chart in 1944) and the King Sisters; the publicity helps build a population explosion. The Westerns a€?Bells of San Fernandoa€? and the Western a€?San Fernando Valleya€? are released.
Phyllis Oa€™Kray from the crash of a jet plane, Valley residents picket Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in Van Nuys to abolish the use of the San Fernando Valley for jet flying. Welcome to a Timeline of the San Fernando Valley This timeline was created for the Museum of the San Fernando ValIey and pulls from resources like Calisphere, the Library of Congress, CSUN, personal blogs and a diverse set of publications.
Until now, there has been no one museum or institution to document, preserve, and celebrate the full scope of the collective history, culture, and arts of such an important place until the 2005 incorporation of The Museum of the San Fernando Valley.This timeline was created for the Museum of The San Fernando ValIey and pulls from resources like Calisphere, the Library of Congress, CSUN, personal blogs and a diverse set of publications.



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