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30.03.2014
The Kiribati Adaptation Program (KAP) aims to reduce Kiribati’s vulnerability to climate change, climate variability and sea level rise by raising awareness of climate change, assessing and protecting available water resources and managing inundation. Fiji President, Ratu Epeli Nailatikau on a State visit to Kiribati on Sunday 9 February was accorded a full guard of honor and was given a traditional welcome ceremony. The Kiribati Road Rehabilitation Project will provide more than 40 per cent of the population with better access to health clinics, schools and markets as well as assist the Government and the people of Kiribati in many other ways. Water from a number of rainwater catchment systems is being tested by environmental health specialists from the New Zealand Army on South Tarawa. President Tong spoke with Nic Maclellan from Islands Business about global warming, climate migration, the Pacific Islands Forum and Kiribati’s role in regional fisheries negotiations in a recent trip to Australia. Morning rain did not dampen the mood at Kiribati’s first-ever National High-Level Public Hearing on Climate Change at the nation’s capital on Friday. Microsoft's former CEO has made massive donations to global health programmes but an investigation by Andrew Bowman reveals some unpleasant side-effects. One of the greatest Arab poets of our time speaks to Giedre Steikunaite about creativity and consciousness. If you would like to know something about what's actually going on, rather than what people would like you to think was going on, then read the New Internationalist. New research on coral reefs led by the University of Southampton suggests that existing biodiversity will be essential for the successful adaptation of ecosystems to climate change. About 25% of all marine biodiversity depends on coral reefs, the three-dimensional calcareous framework laid down by the coral animals together with their algal symbionts. Professor JA¶rg Wiedenmann, head of the University of Southampton's Coral Reef Laboratory and principal investigator of the project explains: "Corals of the PAG can survive exceptionally high salinity levels and temperatures of up to 35 degrees Celsius - conditions that would kill corals elsewhere. Dr Benjamin Hume, Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Southampton and lead author of the paper, elaborates: "Using advanced molecular biological approaches, we recently discovered that corals of the Southern PAG host almost exclusively a species of symbiotic algae, Symbiodinium thermophilum, that was new to science.


To answer this question, the scientific team analysed close to a thousand corals along 5000 km of coastline in the PAG and adjacent seas.
While the unusual symbiont was prevalent within the PAG, it was also found in the Gulf of Oman and Red Sea, however, only at barely detectable levels. Dr Hume explains: "Our data suggest that this diversity resulted from a genetic radiation aged at approximately 13 million years ago. Professor Wiedenmann continues: "Our example of the heat tolerant coral symbiont suggests that the genetic diversity that exists among populations can be key to survival if species are facing a rapid change in environmental conditions.
He concludes: "To save coral reefs for the future, we need to fight the rising levels of greenhouse gases which cause climate change. A new species of algae has been discovered in reef corals of the Persian (Arabian) Gulf where it helps corals to survive seawater temperatures of up to 36 degrees Celsius - temperatures that would kill corals elsewhere. The success of corals that adapt to survive in the world's hottest sea could contribute to their demise through global warming, according to new research.
Symbiodinium is a unicellular alga that plays a major role in coral reefs by forming symbiotic partnerships with invertebrates, providing them with the ability to photosynthesize. After months of planning there is one thing even the most prepared expedition leader can't control: the weather. An international research team calls for a targeted research strategy to better understand the impact multiple stressors will have on coral reef in the future due to global climate change.
When considering human impacts on earth systems, disturbance to the carbon cycle grabs the headlines. A survey of 2,501 members of the public has revealed that just one in five people in Britain are aware of ocean acidification - a consequence of carbon emissions that poses serious risks to sea-life. But over the years we realized we cannot achieve much if we do not take charge of our situation but leave it to others.


Waysang Kumkee said that a munaul pump, or gravity feed system, is the best long term solution. We focus attention on the unjust relationship between the powerful and the powerless worldwide in the fight for global justice. Climate change, in particular increasing seawater temperatures, threatens to disrupt the functionality of this productive association with potentially devastating knock-on effects to ecosystem services that are provided by coral reefs including food supply, coastal protection, attraction of tourists and access to biopharmaceuticals. However, the historic climate change that created this extreme environment, left coral communities in the Middle Eastern region only less than 6000 years to adjust to the drastic changes. Analysing a suite of molecular markers, the researchers discovered a surprising genetic diversity among S. These pre-adapted forms might exist only in low numbers among abundant, but more vulnerable individuals.
At the same time, we need to protect present-day biodiversity to facilitate adaptation to changing environmental conditions. However, a number of coral species can survive at seawater temperatures even higher than predicted for the tropics during the next century.
But another critically important earth process, the nitrogen cycle, has also seen major disruption from human activity.



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