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26.06.2014
We’ll travel thru the magnificent Toros mountains, just like the Crusaders did several times in 12 and 13th centuries.
Day 15: END OF OUR JOURNEY:We will depart our hotel after a nice farewell breakfast and catch our planes to back home ! TRANSPORTATION COMPANIES CLAUSE: The passage contract in use by airlines and other transportation companies whose services are used to arrive and depart from Turkey before and after the tour shall constitute the sole contract between the companies and the purchaser of a tour.
FREE AIRPORT TRANSFERS: Tour participants are entitled to airport tranesfers on scheduled tour arrival and departure days in Turkey between 7AM and 11PM. Thank you very much again for your interest in traveling to Turkey with us in those dates. After the passport and visa work at the airport, we’ll meet you in the airport and board our luxury bus to go to our charming hotel in Aya Sophia district for our FIRST night in Istanbul.
This morning we’ll begin our journey by traveling to Safranbolu, a 13th Century Turkish-Greek town. After spending our morning visiting local craftsmen and beautiful old houses in Safranbolu, we’ll travel to the Turkish capitol city of Ankara which is the home of the great Anatolian Civilizations Museum. After a 4-5 hour drive through the scenic Anatolian plateau to arrive at the one of the natural wonders of the world: Cappadocia. We’ll travel thru the magnificent Toros mountains, just like the Crusaders did several times in 12 and 13th centuries. From Konya, our journey will take us thru the mountains and valleys and we’ll arrive at a small lakeside town of Egirdir. Thru the Pamukkale (Cottoncastle) region, we drive to the magnificent Ephesus and its colossal Greek theater. We will depart our hotel after a nice farewell breakfast and catch our planes to back home !
The passage contract in use by airlines and other transportation companies whose services are used to arrive and depart from Turkey before and after the tour shall constitute the sole contract between the companies and the purchaser of a tour. Please realize that Turkey is not like the US in terms of smoking and other allergy related issues. Transportation will be by private air-conditioned new Mercedes, Volkswagen or Isuzu deluxe buses.
FREE AIRPORT TRANSFERS: Tour participants are entitled to airport tranesfers on scheduled tour arrival and departure days in Turkey between 7AM and 11PM.
LAT TOURS reserves the right to cancel any tours prior to departure for any reasons, including insufficient number of participants and safety issues. It can be assumed that maps, charts and plans accompanied even very early examples of these geographical works.
Apparently the rectangular grid (a coordinate system consisting of lines intersecting at equal intervals to form squares which were intended to facilitate the measurement of distance, in li), which was basic to scientific cartography in China, was formally introduced in the first century A.D. Pa€™eia€™s methods are comparable to the contributions made in this regard by Ptolemy in the west; but whereas Ptolemya€™s methods passed to the Arabs and were not known again in Europe until the Renaissance, Chinaa€™s tradition of scientific cartography, and in particular that of the use of the rectangular grid, is unbroken from Pa€™ei Hsiua€™s time to the present. As the Imperial territories of China increased through the intervening centuries, maps of various scales were made of part or all of the expanding realm. Under the Ta€™angs China had attained a high degree of civilization, perhaps the highest it has ever reached, and cartography then made remarkable progress.
As a probable adaptation of the older work, the Hua I Ta€™u is oriented to the North and concentrates primarily on the portion which covers China proper, but also includes part of Korea in the north and part of the Pamir plateau in the west - more than just a map of China, though by no means a world map. Curiously, the Hua I Ta€™u lacks the distinctive rectangular grid system that superimposes most of the other Chinese maps. Adding to the modern appearance of both of the Xian maps is the lack of the fabulous creatures, the religious themes or adornment of superfluous material so common to many of the European maps of the same period. The assumption of power by the great Chin dynasty has unified space in all the six directions. These three principles are used according to the nature of the terrain, and are the means by which one reduces what are really plains and hills (literally cliffs) to distances on a plane surface. If one draws a map without having graduated divisions, there is no means of distinguishing between what is near and what is far.
But if we examine a map that has been prepared by the combination of all these principles, we find that a true scale representation of the distances is fixed by the graduated divisions.
A brief history of the Chinese cartographic tradition will serve to reference the sources upon which these two maps have drawn, and demonstrate the remarkable antiquity and show the continuity that prevailed in Chinese cartography. As the Imperial territories of China increased through the intervening centuries, maps of various scales were made of part or all of the expanding realm.A  Pa€™ei was followed by a number of cartographers, whose work is recorded in the dynastic histories, but of which no example survives. ChazzCreations - City of Alachua The Old Dixie Highway came into Alachua from the Lake City side, then it turned down Main Street and went out, going by Burnett's Lake. To understand ourselves it is important to understand our ancestors, and a part of them, and their heritage, lives on in us today. To the world the American Indians seemed like a forgotten people when the English colonists first arrived and began to occupy their lands. I want to give special thanks to my cousin, Mary Hilliard, for her assistance and encouragement in researching and preparing this book. Wherever possible I have tried to find at least two sources for the genealogical data, but this has not always been possible. I have also found Franklin Elewatum Bearce's history, Who Our Forefathers Really Were, A True Narrative of Our White and Indian Ancestors, to be very helpful. It is certainly possible that such a record may contain errors, but it is also very fortunate that we have access to this record as it presents firsthand knowledge of some of the individuals discussed in this book. 8 Newcomba€? Cpt. Sometime before the colonial period, the Iroquoian tribes began moving from the southern plains eastward across the Mississippi River and then northeasterly between the Appalachians and the Ohio River Valley, into the Great Lakes region, then through New York and down the St. Though they were neighbors and had similar skin color, these two groups of Indians were as dissimilar as the French and the Germans in Europe. Federations, as well as the individual tribes, were fluid organizations to the extent that the sachem was supported as long as he had the strength to maintain his position. Belonging to a federation meant that an annual tribute had to be sent to support the great sachem and his household, warriors had to be sent if he called for a given number to go to war, and strictest obedience and fidelity was demanded. Some of these federations had as many as thirty member tribes supporting their Great Sachem, although many of these tribes would be counted by more than one sachem, as any tribe that was forced to pay tribute was considered as part of that Great Sachem's federation. Any member of the society who dishonored himself, in anyway, was no longer worthy of the respect of his people. When viewing the typical Indians of America, one would describe them as having a dark brown skin.
They wore relatively little clothing, especially in summer, although the women were usually somewhat more modest than the men.
The English resented the fact that the Indians wouldn't convert to Christianity as soon as the missionaries came among them.
The various tribes of New England spoke basically the same language and could understand each other well. There are many words used commonly in our language today that were learned from these New England Indians: Squaw, wigwam, wampum, pow-wow, moccasin, papoose, etc. Today there is little doubt that prior to Columbus's voyage, the Norsemen sailed to the coast of North America early in the eleventh century. We do not have a record of all of the European contact and influence on the Indians in the early years of exploration because the greatest exposure came from the early European fishermen and trappers who kept no records of their adventures, as opposed to the explorers.
In 1524, Giovanni da Verrazano wrote the first known description of a continuous voyage up the eastern coast of North America. As the fur trade became increasingly more important to Europeans, they relied heavily on the Indians to do the trapping for them.
Another problem with which the Indians had to contend was the White man's diseases for which they had no tolerance nor immunity. In the spring of 1606, Gorges sent Assacumet and Manida, as guides on a ship with Captain Henry Chalons, to New England to search for a site for a settlement.
In 1614, Captain John Smith, who had already been involved in the colony at James Town, Virginia, was again commissioned to take two ships to New England in search of gold, whales or anything else of value. Dermer wanted to trade with the local Indians of the Wampanoag Federation and asked Squanto if he would guide them and be their interpreter. Derner was given safe passage through Wampanoag land by Massasoit and soon returned to his ship. When the Pilgrims left England in the Mayflower, their stated intent was to establish a settlement on the mouth of the Hudson River, at the site of present day New York City. The Pilgrims returned to the Mayflower and, after many days of exploration, found a more suitable location. On March 16, 1621 the Pilgrims were surprised by a tall Indian who walked boldly into the plantation crying out, "Welcome! The Pilgrims gestured for Massasoit to join them in their fort but, he in turn, gestured for them to come to him. When the amenities were ended, the English brought out a treaty they had prepared in advance, which specified that the Wampanoags would be allies to the English in the event of war with any other peoples and that they would not harm one-another; and that when any Indians came to visit the plantation they would leave their weapons behind. After the ceremonies were ended, Governor Carver escorted Massasoit to the edge of the settlement and waited there for the safe return of Winslow. Part of Massasoit's willingness to make an alliance with the English must be credited to his weakened condition after suffering from the recent epidemics which left his followers at about half of the strength of his enemies, the Narragansetts. In June of 1621, about three months after the signing of the treaty, a young boy from the Colony was lost in the woods. When the English could not find the boy, Governor William Bradford, (who replaced John Carver, who died in April) sent to Massasoit for help in locating the boy. That summer Governor Bradford sent Edward Winslow and Stephen Hopkins, with Squanto, to Pokanoket (Massasoit's own tribe, on the peninsula where Bristol, R.I. From this trip of Winslow's, we learn more about the daily life of the Indians in this area. Massasoit urged his guests to stay longer but they insisted they must return to Plymouth before the Sabbath.
Less than a month following this visit, Massasoit sent Hobomock, a high ranking member of the Wampanoag Council, to Plymouth to act as his ambassador and to aid the Pilgrims in whatever way they needed. Hobomock and Squanto were surprised at what they heard, and quietly withdrew from the camp to Squanto's wigwam but were captured there before they could get to Plymouth.
Although the Narragansetts and Wampanoags were historical enemies and continually feuding over land, they did not usually put hostages of high rank to death. Normally, treason was punishable by death and Massasoit would certainly have been justified in executing Corbitant for his part in the plot against him but, for some reason, Massasoit complete forgave him.
Their first harvest was not a large one but the Pilgrims were.happy to have anything at all. During the winter, a rivalry developed between Squanto and Hobomock, the two Indians who now lived continually at Plymouth. According to the treaty he had signed with Plymouth, they were to turn over to him any Indians guilty of offense. In June and July, three ships arrived at Plymouth with occupants who expected to be taken in and cared for. In the winter of 1622-23, Governor William Bradford made trips to the various Indian tribes around Cape Cod to buy food to keep the Pilgrims from starvation. Next, Standish went to Cummaquid (Barnstable, MA.) where Iyanough was Sachem of the Mattachee Tribe.
Thinking that Massasoit was dead, they went instead to Pocasset, where they sought Corbitant who, they were sure, would succeed Massasoit as the next Great Sachem. Winslow describes their arrival, where the Indians had gathered so closely that it took some effort to get through the crowd to the Great Sachem. Since the Pow-wow's medicine had not produced any results, Winslow asked permission to try to help the ailing Sachem.
Their second Thanksgiving was combined with the wedding celebration of Governor Bradford and Alice Southworth. Because of Massasoit's honored position, more was recorded of him than of other Indians of his time.
Massasoit most likely became Sachem of the Pokanokets, and Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, between 1605-1615. The second son of Massasoit was Pometacomet, (alias Pometacom, Metacom, Metacomet, Metacomo or Philip.) Philip was born in 1640, at least 16 years younger than Alexander. The third son, Sunconewhew, was sent by his Father to learn the white man's ways and to attend school at Harvard. When his two oldest sons were old enough to marry, Massasoit made the arrangements for them to marry the two daughters of the highly regarded Corbitant, Sachem of the Pocasset tribe. The tribes of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, as well as some of the Nipmuck tribes of central Massachusetts, looked to him for Military defense and leadership. Following the plagues of 1617, which reduced his nation so drastically and left his greatest enemy, the Narragansetts of Rhode Island, so unaffected, Massasoit was in a weakened position. In 1632, following a battle with the Narragansetts in which he regained the Island of Aquidneck, Massasoit changed his name to Ousamequin (Yellow feather) sometimes spelled Wassamegon, Oosamequen, Ussamequen. In 1637, the English waged an unprovoked war of extermination against the Pequot Federation of Connecticut, which shocked both the Wampanoags and the Narragansetts so much that both Nations wanted to avoid hostilities with the feared English.
After hearing of the death of his good friend, Edward Winslow in 1655, Massasoit realized that his generation was passing away.
As Massasoit's health began to decline, he turned more and more of the responsibilities over to Alexander who was a very capable leader and who was already leading the warriors on expedition against some of their enemies. Massasoit was succeeded, as Great Sachem, by his son Alexander, assisted by his brother, Philip. The younger generation saw, in Alexander, a strong, new leader who could see the danger of catering to the English.


Both Philip and Weetamoo were very vocal in their condemnation of the English and word of their accusations soon reached Plymouth.
Together, Philip and Canonchet reasoned that it would take a great deal of preparation for such a war. Here we’ll visit Mersin, Latif’s hometown and have lunch with his family so you can experience a real traditional Turkish urban family. HEALTH RESTRICTIONS: Please realize that Turkey is not like the US in terms of smoking and other allergy related issues. This will be the ALL INCLUSIVE, LAND ONLY fee (Istanbul-to-Istanbul tour in Turkey between these dates). We’ll relax and rest before we embark for a lovely dinner at an authentic Istanbul restaurant. This is declared a World Heritage Site by UNICEF since it is a unique urban settlement with very democratic architecture ideals. This museum contains artifacts from the earliest communities in Catal Hoyuk to the Roman period.
On the way, we’ll stop in the village of Hacibektash, the village where the founder of the Bektashi order of dervishes; Hadji Bektas-i Veli lived during the time of Rumi and developed a heterodox lineage of Sufism which is known as one of the most tolerant and egalitarian sects in the Sufi world. Here we’ll visit Mersin, Latif’s hometown and have lunch with his family so you can experience a real traditional Turkish urban family. Ephesus has many great sites to see, such as the Marble Road, the Celsius Library and the Temple of Diana. OurTours do NOT sell such insurance Please note: Lat Tours is not liable for loss, damage or theft of luggage or personal belongings, for personal injury, accident or illness. Even though we try to provide the best alternatives for non-smoking hotels, restaurants and other public places, you might still encounter some smoking. These buses are for either 15 or 30 passenger capacity depending on the number of the participants. Any deposit that is sent towards booking a tour constitutes full knowledge, acceptance and agreement of the cancellation policy. Also their orientation to the North (true of all Sung Dynasty maps that have survived) contributes to the allusion.
So also the reality of the relative positions is attained by the use of paced sides of right-angled triangles; and the true scale of degrees and figures is reproduced by the determinations of high and low, angular dimensions, and curved or straight lines. Soothill, actually argues that the Hua I Ta€™u was Chia Tana€™s map, from which the sheets for the barbarian lands had been lost, and that the text was later substituted for them.A  Sung bibliographies do show, however, that versions of Chia Tana€™s map were still extant at this time, though kept secret at the imperial court and not easily accessible. At first I was very skeptical of this record as it was a family tradition passed down for many generations. She was very fond of her Grandmother, Freelove, knew all about her and stated on several occasions that Freelove's Mother was Sarah Mauwee, daughter of Joseph Mauwee, Sachem of Choosetown, and not Tabitha Rubbards (Roberts). Massasoit was the Sachem of this tribe, as well as being the Great Sachem over the entire Wampanoag Federation, which consisted of over 30 tribes in central and southeastern Massachusetts, Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Welcome, Englishmen!" It was a cold and windy day, yet this Indian, who introduced himself as Samoset, Sachem of a tribe in Monhegan Island, Maine, wore only moccasins and a fringed loin skin. We’ll relax and rest before we embark for a lovely dinner at an authentic Istanbul restaurant.
From there we’ll go to Kizkalesi and enjoy the sun, history and beaches and we’ll stay at a beachside resort. Even though we try to provide the best alternatives for non-smoking hotels, restaurants and other public places, you might still encounter some smoking. REFUND POLICY : The below policy will be strictly adhered to regardless of the reason for cancellation. There will also be plenty of time to stroll around Aya Sophia and the Sultanahmet district both in the afternoon and after dinner. Here we’ll stroll thru the cobblestone streets during the sunset and enjoy the Turkish Bath “Hamam” experience in a 13th century bathhouse.
It is also known as the Hittite Museum and reflects the culture these people of “one thousand Gods”.
We’ll spend 3 full days in Cappadocia exploring the mysterious and mystical lunar landscape and rock hewn early Christian churches dating back to the 7th-13th Century AD all around the Valley.
From there we’ll go to Kizkalesi and enjoy the sun, history and beaches and we’ll stay at a beachside resort. Strolling along the shores of the lake and imagining the old life style existed here many hundreds years ago will be a memorable experience.
During our stay in Selcuk, we’ll also visit the incredible Ephesus Archaeological Museum where you can see many precious artifacts such as the one and only statue of Goddess Artemis. The sooner you sign up for a tour, the better the chances are that we will be able to find a roommate for you. If you need any medical service during the tour, we will happily help you get a doctor or take you to a clinic.
Professors Needham and Ling, writing in their excellent multi-volume Science and Civilisation in China, assert, with ample justification, that this latter map is a€?the most remarkable cartographic work of its age in any culturea€?. If one has a rectangular grid, but has not worked upon the tao li principle, then when it is a case of places in difficult country, among mountains, lakes or seas (which cannot be traversed directly by the surveyor), one cannot ascertain how they are related to one another. Thus even if there are great obstacles in the shape of high mountains or vast lakes, huge distances or strange places, necessitating climbs and descents, retracing of steps or detoursa€”everything can be taken into account and determined.
Because the maps are placed in opposite directions on the stone, this particular stele was most likely to have been used to produce rubbings and was not for public display. She obtained her copy of Zerviah Newcomb's Chronical from Zerviah's original diary, in the hands of Josiah 3rd himself. There will also be plenty of time to stroll around Aya Sophia and the Sultanahmet district both in the afternoon and after dinner. This is the perfect time to go into the Mediterranean Sea and swim to the mid-sea castle from the time of the Templars. CANCELLATIONS: LAT TOURS reserves the right to cancel any tours prior to departure for any reasons, including insufficient number of participants and safety issues. We’ll be staying at an old Prince’s house and have a lovely dinner in the beautiful courtyard. We’ll tour the amazing underground cities and churches, and experience the life of these unique people from 1500 years ago. This is the perfect time to go into the Mediterranean Sea and swim to the mid-sea castle from the time of the Templars. We’ll be watching the sunset in Pamukkale, literally means “cotton castle” where ancients Romans and Greeks enjoyed hot springs for centuries. We will also visit the house and little chapel where the Virgin Mary lived during her final days. After checking in our comfortable hotel in the Old City, we’ll explore this ancient and exciting city from Museums to the streets to the bazaars and restaurants.
If you wish to share your room and we cannot find a roommate, the single supplement fee will be waived. However the passenger will need to pay the expenses to the doctor or clinic after or before the medical service provided. Also, even though there is no heavy hiking involved in this tour, certain level of walking on uneven terrain will be required since most of the historical sites are scattered in wide areas. If one has adopted the tao li principle, but has not taken account of the high and the low the right angles and acute angles, and the curves and straight lines, then the figures for distances indicated on the paths and roads will be far from the truth, and one will lose the accuracy of the rectangular grid.
When the principle of the rectangular grid is properly applied, then the straight and the curved, the near and the far, can conceal nothing of their form from us. Based upon Jia Dan's Map of Chinese and Non-Chinese Territories within the Seas of 801, it shows the main natural and administrative features of the Chinese Empire up to the 1120s. They are now housed among a very large collection of engraved stones in the Pei Lin [the Forest of Steles or Tablets] in the Shensi Provincial Museum at Xian.
Nestled beneath huge live oaks, magnolias, cedar and hickory trees the town of Alachua is steeped in Florida history dating back to the Spanish explorers who were looking for land for their cattle ranches.
Also, even though there is no heavy hiking involved in this tour, certain level of walking on uneven terrain will be required since most of the historical sites are scattered in wide areas.
We’ll visit the 2000 year old city of Hierapolis and admire the tombs of many traditions concentrated in this “healing city”. We will return to our hotel in Kusadasi, 20 minutes away and enjoy a very relaxing evening on the Aegean Coast. Established on two continents, Istanbul has been a fascinating city for centuries for people from every walk of life. Once the tour commences, if you degide you no longer want to share a room, you will have to pay double the original singgle supplement fee in order to compensate for your roommate's single room as well. Since this tour covers half of Turkey, there will be some bus traveling involved every day. The texts arranged around the edges of the graphic part of the map provide quotations from historical and other sources and briefly explain the meaning and history of essential markers such as the Great Wall, the size of the empire, and the states to the west. The DeSoto trail winds through the area and can be followed by those interested in Indian and Spanish culture.  You can`t talk about the history of Alachua without mentioning the history of another settlement nearby called Newnansville.
Bearce's Great-aunt, Mary Caroline, lived with Josiah III and Freelove Canfield Bearce for several years, listened to their ancestral stories, and made her own personal copy of Zerviah's diary supplement. Lawrence to what is now known as Lake Champlain where his party killed several Mohawks in a show of European strength and musketry.
This is declared a World Heritage Site by UNICEF since it is a unique urban settlement with very democratic architecture ideals. Since this tour covers half of Turkey, there will be some bus traveling involved every day. PAYMENT SCHEDULE: * A deposit of 500 Usd - 350 Euro per person is required upon registration. We’ll spend our evenings at luxury accommodations and experience the local cuisine and local culture in the evenings. Once it was called Constantinople, it was conquered by the Turkish Sultan Fatih in 1453 AD.
This document was highly significant as a primary source for any cartographic effort during this and subsequent periods, which also can only be dated with certainty at least as early as the Chou Dynasty.
The YA? Kung became and has remained a source of challenge and inspiration to all later generations of Chinese geographers and cartographers. This will be the ALL INCLUSIVE, LAND ONLY fee (Istanbul-to-Istanbul tour in Turkey between these dates).
Here we’ll stroll thru the cobblestone streets during the sunset and enjoy the Turkish Bath “Hamam” experience in a 13th century bathhouse.
In this museum, there are exhibits of Dervish costumes, instruments, illuminated manuscripts, and various ethnographic artifacts. Any deposit that is sent towards booking a tour constitutes full knowledge, acceptance and agreement of the cancellation policy. While in Cappadocia we will visit some carpet weavers and listen to their stories about carpet weaving. The evening will proceed with a dinner of local cuisine accompanied with local folk music and dances at a very friendly restaurant.
In the early 1800`s Alachua County was a wild land inhabited and controlled by the Seminole Indians.
We’ll be staying at an old Prince’s house and have a lovely dinner in the beautiful courtyard. We’ll make a campfire in an open field among the “fairy chimneys” and listen to the music of the Bektashis and the other Sufis performed by Latif and his musician friends from Turkey. In this museum, there are exhibits of Dervish costumes, instruments, illuminated manuscripts, and various ethnographic artifacts. TOUR BUS INFORMATION: Transportation will be by private air-conditioned new Mercedes, Volkswagen or Isuzu deluxe buses. That’s why you will be amazed with the variety of people, artifacts, food, and scenery in this wonderfully exciting city. This museum contains artifacts from the earliest communities in Catal Hoyuk to the Roman period.
The dinner will take place at a fine restaurant overlooking the beautifully lighted tomb of Rumi. These buses are for either 15 or 30 passenger capacity depending on the number of the participants. During our stay here, we’ll visit Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Suleymaniye and Rustem Pasha Mosques, Grand Bazaar, Spice Bazaar, Military Museum, Islamic Art Museum, Whirling Dervishes ceremony and many other wonderful places. It is also known as the Hittite Museum and reflects the culture these people of “one thousand Gods”.
After the dinner, we’ll be treated with mystical music and whirling of the dervishes by our good friends from the Mevlevi order of Sufis in Konya. The dinner will take place at a fine restaurant overlooking the beautifully lighted tomb of Rumi.
Early in 1826, a post office was established, roads were built, stores were set up and a settled land began to emerge. This will give you an idea how Rumi lived 800 years ago at the same spot, maybe 10 meters away! This area was then called "Dell`s Post Office" in one historical document and in another it is referred to as "Dell`s Court House". He further told them that Massasoit, the Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, was at Nemasket (a distance of about 15 miles) with many of his Counselors. It was named for the Dell brothers who came to the Alachua area during the "Patriot War" (1812-1814). After a 4-5 hour drive through the scenic Anatolian plateau to arrive at the one of the natural wonders of the world: Cappadocia.


This will give you an idea how Rumi lived 800 years ago at the same spot, maybe 10 meters away! On the way, we’ll stop in the village of Hacibektash, the village where the founder of the Bektashi order of dervishes; Hadji Bektas-i Veli lived during the time of Rumi and developed a heterodox lineage of Sufism which is known as one of the most tolerant and egalitarian sects in the Sufi world. Strolling along the shores of the lake and imagining the old life style existed here many hundreds years ago will be a memorable experience. A land grant office just east of the present site of the city was built and offered early settlers land, provided they promised to live on the land, farm and keep the Indians off of it. We’ll spend 3 full days in Cappadocia exploring the mysterious and mystical lunar landscape and rock hewn early Christian churches dating back to the 7th-13th Century AD all around the Valley.
We’ll be watching the sunset in Pamukkale, literally means “cotton castle” where ancients Romans and Greeks enjoyed hot springs for centuries.
It was located about a mile northeast of present day Alachua.The name "Dell`s Post Office" or "Dell`s Court House" was changed by the Territorial Legislature to "Newnansville" in honor of a Patriot War hero, Daniel Newnan and officially made the Alachua County seat.
We’ll tour the amazing underground cities and churches, and experience the life of these unique people from 1500 years ago.
We’ll visit the 2000 year old city of Hierapolis and admire the tombs of many traditions concentrated in this “healing city”.
The county`s land area has decreased considerably over the years. "I have a true passion for photography, creavitity, and secrets that photography allows youto explore. We’ll spend our evenings at luxury accommodations and experience the local cuisine and local culture in the evenings. Maybe the best kept secret of the entire Turkish sites, we’ll be transported to the days of Mother Goddess. While in Cappadocia we will visit some carpet weavers and listen to their stories about carpet weaving. We’ll make a campfire in an open field among the “fairy chimneys” and listen to the music of the Bektashis and the other Sufis performed by Latif and his musician friends from Turkey. Ephesus has many great sites to see, such as the Marble Road, the Celsius Library and the Temple of Diana. During our stay in Selcuk, we’ll also visit the incredible Ephesus Archaeological Museum where you can see many precious artifacts such as the one and only statue of Goddess Artemis. In 1854 when the railroad replaced the historic trails as the major route of transportation, Alachua was born. We will also visit the house and little chapel where the Virgin Mary lived during her final days. In 1995, the State of Florida awarded Alachua the honor of "Most Outstanding Rural Community" in the state. We will return to our hotel in Kusadasi, 20 minutes away and enjoy a very relaxing evening on the Aegean Coast.
Today Alachua is a prosperous town, which is a wonderful mix of local folks who are direct descendants of the Newnansville founders, and transplanted folks who fell in love with the friendly small town atmosphere. The evening will proceed with a dinner of local cuisine accompanied with local folk music and dances at a very friendly restaurant.
During the Second Seminole War (1835-1842), hundreds of displaced settlers were sheltered there and at Ft.
There were eight forts in Alachua County for the protection of whites against the Indians between 1835-1855, but bear in mind that Alachua County was much larger at the time. When the war was over, Newnansville became a commercial center for an area that was beginning to grow as a large number of the refugee settlers stayed and others moved in. After checking in our comfortable hotel in the Old City, we’ll explore this ancient and exciting city from Museums to the streets to the bazaars and restaurants. Newnansville and the surrounding area was the most thickly populated section of Alachua County for fifty years. Established on two continents, Istanbul has been a fascinating city for centuries for people from every walk of life. More than one third of the voters lived in Newnansville in 1857.Newnansville was so much in the main stream it served as the Alachua County seat until 1854 when a railroad was constructed from Fernandina to Cedar Key.
Once it was called Constantinople, it was conquered by the Turkish Sultan Fatih in 1453 AD. That’s why you will be amazed with the variety of people, artifacts, food, and scenery in this wonderfully exciting city.
Land Office located there, along with the Alachua County seat was moved to the new railroad town of Gainesville, located more in the center of present Alachua County. During our stay here, we’ll visit Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Suleymaniye and Rustem Pasha Mosques, Grand Bazaar, Spice Bazaar, Military Museum, Islamic Art Museum, Whirling Dervishes ceremony and many other wonderful places.
The town of Newnansville was no longer a center for activity and declined for the next 30 years. In 1884 when the Savannah, Florida and Western Railroad bypassed it about a mile to the south, the settlers moved their businesses closer and a new town, Alachua, began as a shipping point. According to a March 1885 issue of the Alachua Advocate (the forerunner of the Gainesville Sun) "F.E. Williams is making an effort to get a post office established in his new town at the railroad depot. Williams will soon remove his stock of merchandise from Newnansville to his new town," the advocate reported. On April 12th, 1905 the City of Alachua was officially incorporated and had a population of 526. In 1914 Alachua had two banks, three hotels, a number of stores ranging from a fruit stand to a large, well-stocked department store, ice plant, electric light plant, waterworks, two cotton gins, two grist mills and bottling works. The cost of water was $1 per month "for the first opening and 25 cents for each additional opening." Alachua Depot 1975By this time in 1915, the new township of Alachua had constructed two church buildings, Baptist and Methodist.
The school building stood on the hill "to the northeast of town." At first, there were seven teachers. The schools grew and in 1924, the Alachua High School Basketball team upset the sports world with a victory in the state tournament over Duval High of Jacksonville and in nearby Gainesville people were becoming aware that the Florida Gators were being supported by a state-wide audience. It still had two banks and its own utilities but all three churches now had their own building. Main street originally was a dirt road lined with trees running through the middle of town. Local farmers from miles around would come to town with their families to buy groceries, plow lines, bridles, nails, buckets, cloth, shoes, and any other household needs. Early in the morning the wagons would start lining up with the mules pulling into shady places where they were parked for the day. Most of them behind stores or out in the vacant lots behind Fisher`s Hotel (where the famous Ma Barker once spent the night with her boys). Everybody came dressed up in clean overalls and starched and ironed dresses, including the children. Joseph Edgar Fugate`s grocery store or Dale`s or Joiner`s Drug Store, where they`d buy liniment, Grover`s chill tonic, 666 tablets and ice cream cones. Inside the stores, rice, beans and sugar were scooped up out of barrels into brown paper bags and tied with white string that came down through a hook in the ceiling and up through a hole in the counter. White bacon and cured meat along with beef and pork that was recently butchered, hung behind the counter, and Mr. Hastings would cut off a pound or two at a time with the same knife he used to cut the yellow wedges of cheese. Canned goods were stacked in rows and people would wait in line for a clerk to take their order.
They would fill up their kerosene cans for their lamps and put a raw potato back in the spout. Many farmers would bring eggs to sell and each would be held over a light bulb to determine if it was good. In the afternoon visiting would begin again and the streets would be so crowded no one could move around too much. After a few hours of this, they would begin to load up and the children would begin to be packed in between sacks of flour and meal and other good things.
One by one they would pull out and drive slowly home in time to feed the livestock before dark. Eddy`s hardware store or to Willie Cauthen`s bigger barber shop by Charlie Smith`s dry cleaners.
They`d sit for hours on the benches covered with green oil cloth until it was their turn for a hair cut, shave and sometimes a bath in the large tub in the back of the shop.
They`d come out in a puff of steam and always smell like Palmolive soap and show up at church the next day smelling like a combination of soap, Mennen`s shaving lotion and Three Roses talcum powder.
One of the popular sites on Sunday afternoon`s was Burnett`s Lake, which got it`s name from a Mayor of Gainesville, Samuel W. The wagons didn`t stop suddenly, but rather dwindled down to a trickle and were gradually replaced by the Model T Ford.
The farmers still came to town to buy supplies but now most of them now drove a Model T pick-up. Later the Model T was replaced by the Model A and in 1932 everyone went to Enneis Motor Company to see the brand new Ford with the new V8 engine, the rumored choice for bootleggers. Banks began to fail and long lines formed, and when some banks weren`t able to produce the money people had in checking and savings accounts, they closed their doors, leaving people in financial disarray. However, some banks withstood the runs and The First National Bank of Alachua was one of them.
People coming out of the bank were asked how much money remained, and their assurances that there was plenty left helped return the confidence of those who had withdrawn their funds and they returned to redeposit their money. Watermelons were being grown in increasing number and fresh corn, cucumbers, beans, and squash were being shipped to northern markets. Therefore, they would kill the hogs across the street (which was not in the city limits at the time). Although the Depression hurt everyone, there always seemed to be enough to eat and the farmers brought produce into town and shared with those less fortunate.
According to one article, you could always tell who had a good year in cucumbers or tobacco. Most of the old buildings in town survived though the old oaks that lined the street were cut down because of old age or to make room for "progress."  Bill Ennis moved to Alachua in 1923 and helped his father open Ennis Motor Company. The streets were Imed with large oaks and US 441 ran straight through town turning at the south end to go out by Copeland Sausage Company. Bill remembered eating at the Hawkins House operated by the Skirvin Family where everyone sat at one big table and paid $1 .00 for all you could eat. The wagons didn't stop coming suddenly but slowly dwindled to a trickle with the advent of the Model T.
By 1940 a horse and buggy or a mule drawn wagon was seldom seen.The City of Alachua continued to grow.
Although the packing sheds have disappeared from town, area farmers still plant crops of beans, corn, squash, peppers and cucumbers. In this small community, local folks still spread the news of births, marriages, and deaths by word of mouth. Neighbors still come to each other`s aid in the time of need and farmers still come to town on Saturday. Now they stop at the local supermarket and you can find them sitting on a bench outside one of the local stores or restaurants for a neighborly chat and the post office is still a popular place to catch up on the local gossip. Alachua has had families that have been here for years and years and years.
Families that are still here, like the Fugates, Shaws (1865), Waters, Harrisons, Bryans, Goodes, Williams, Cauthens, and the Robartses. In 1987, the historic Main Street, with its quaint brick, 1900's architecture and grand old Victorian homes, was redeveloped. This revitalization has provided the perfect environment for our Main Street business to flourish. Through the continued support and efforts of our citizens in the downtown Redevelopment Committee, additional grants have been obtained to build a sitting garden park within the towering, antique brick walls of the old Main Street cinema. Thigpen had a big black and white marble counter top, and if you could reach up to it you could get yourself a Coke. Martin's store was across the street on the corner, and the bank was on the other corner, and that was just about it. Yes, what I miss most is that when I came up, everybody in Alachua knew you, and you knew everybody. Then I went to the University of Florida for four years, and then to Georgia for four years. Then when I came back, and I will be very honest with you, today I am very lucky if I know one of ten people.
It is presently the residence of George Stevens. Historic Main Street, Alachua JWShaw ALACHUA WOMEN'S CLUBOriginally called the Alachua Improvement Club, it was organized in 1912 with the objective of improving the schools. Members met in homes until this native stone building was constructed with WPA labor in the early 1930's. Some of the early Presidents included Mrs. Williams will soon remove his stock of merchandise from Newnansville to his new town," the advocate reported. The wagons didn't stop coming suddenly but slowly dwindled to a trickle with the advent of the Model T.
Martin's store was across the street on the corner, and the bank was on the other corner, and that was just about it. With the rise of the new com-munity of Alachua, and the decline of Newnansville, the Methodists, after lengthy debate, built a white frame church on this site in 1898.



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