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02.12.2014
This book is a hilariously out-of-date example of pseudoscience but I can’t help be sad looking at it. Hahaha, that’s my mom, you guys, the only person on earth who’d be able to bring Henry and Mudge into the discussion! I agree that this title is absurd and the treatment is awful, but don’t be so quick to condemn books on subjects like divorce, death, abuse and other unpleasant subjects that, whether we like it or not, a lot of kids face. That said, this book should not be on any shelves and could be traumatizing for young readers. The most evil thing about this book is its original purpose: it was meant to be an aide for therapists to use when questioning very young children in cases of suspected ritual abuse. Human trafficking is something that probably doesn’t exist in first world countries either, right?
But people who buy kids from other countries would never buy kids from the US or Canada, right? Child abuse and other atrocities are real issues and real concerns, but a library would be much better off with resources that deal specifically with those issues than this book.
There is a recent study about ritual abuse called the extreme abuse survey that documents accounts of over 1000 survivors of ritual abuse.
The only possible motive I can discern in your posting is self-promotion for a sorely misguided endeavor. This is my last posting on this web page, which has strayed significantly from its original subject. People who blatantly deny the existence of ritual abuse after being offered solid resources to the contrary demonstrate that they don’t need evidence about its existence. Neither you, nor the sites you point to, cite any case where hard physical evidence of Satanic Ritual Abuse exists.
For you to fully heal, you need to accept that your abusers were not demons, and not in thrall to the devil.
I’ve mentioned the WM3 multiple times because it absolutely infuriates me that these innocent young men are suffering in prison while the actual killers of those poor boys are still free. As a clinical psychologist with almost 40 years of experience treating people of all ages with all kinds of problems, including severe childhood abuse. Rather, I argue that the believers in demons and cabals are the ones who want desperately to deflect the concept of human capacity for evil. Reading all of the comments above reminds me of hard it is for some to see that horrible crimes can occur in this world.
I clicked on a few of the links above and was impressed by the lists of ritual abuse related court cases and studies. I’m not familiar with the details of some of these other cases, but I know about the one that occurred less than 15 miles from my house when I was only a few years out of preschool myself.
Okay everyone, I can’t keep up with comments on Satan stuff and my spam account has about flipped out.
The IPT Journal has an in-depth article on McMartin Preschool, with a focus on the imaginary tunnels.
Nearly every community – large or small, urban, suburban, or rural – must cope, to some extent, with the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. The difference is sometimes in the way they approach the problem.Those that are most successful often try to prevent the problem from starting. Most of the models we’ve described in this chapter look to both the present – addressing a current issue – and the future.
The Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) outlines a process that an organization, initiative, community, or state can follow in order to prevent and reduce the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs. This framework can also be applied to other community issues, such as violence, health-related problems (obesity, heart health, diabetes, HIV), homelessness, or racial tensions and discrimination.
The availability of alcohol in the community (number of liquor stores, willingness of adults to buy alcohol for teens). The Strategic Protection Framework addresses risk and protective factors with a five-phase process. The Community Tool Box has hundreds of how-to sections that can be used to help implement the Strategic Prevention Framework in your community.
Given that there are a large number of models available, what are the advantages of using SPF?
SPF aims to create long-term social change by focusing on risk and protective factors that can be influenced by short- or medium-term prevention efforts. SPF’s focus on risk and protective factors can improve the long-term well-being of the community.
These disadvantages largely apply to those who seek CSAP grants to implement SPF, either through state funds, or directly from CSAP.
The reality in most communities, however, is that given the problems that already exist, most issues don’t get addressed until they reach crisis proportions, or at least become cemented in the public consciousness. You can often hurry this process along by assessing where the community is at, and beginning a campaign to raise that readiness to the next step, or whatever step is necessary for the community to get on board with a prevention plan. When a community problem has entered the public consciousness, but before it has reached crisis stage. When there’s a community economic development effort under way, and people are looking at the community’s quality of life.
When a grassroots movement for community improvement has arisen, and is looking for a way to address community issues. State Incentive Grants (SIGs), which go to states to fund statewide assessments and to be distributed among communities for state-monitored local prevention programs.
Drug Free Community Support Program grants, which go directly to local community coalitions. Grants to state and local organizations, institutions, and agencies to address methamphetamine use.
The first answer, then, is that SPF should be implemented by those who administer these grants at the state and local levels.
If you take a community perspective on prevention, then stakeholders comprise all sectors of the community, and should be represented in planning, implementing, and evaluating the framework. All or most of these groups would probably be part of the Epidemiological Working Group mandated under the various grants, but should also be part of any SPF effort. In addition, there are those who might run SPF programs that aren’t funded by CSAP, but that simply use the framework to structure their work. A typical universal program might involve community education efforts through the media, schools, and organizations. Populations at risk that might be the subjects of a selective program vary from one community to another. Indicated programs focus not on probabilities (populations likely to be at risk, for example), but on specific individuals who are known to be already involved in substance use. One of the ironies of a prevention effort is that those most affected and damaged by the issue – substance users and abusers – are those least likely to want to be involved.
A community assessment of substance use can be conducted using some or all of a number of methods. In surveys, and particularly in talking to community members, there may be some people you specifically want to reach. Community leaders – those people from various walks of life whom others look to for leadership and guidance.
Those who deal with the population of interest – health and human service workers, teachers, police, youth outreach workers, etc.
Determine the most pressing need that a prevention effort can influence.There may be many possible areas where prevention is needed – among teens, among elders, among people below the poverty line, etc. Not only does the community have to be ready to take on a prevention effort, but it has to have the capacity to do so. This doesn’t mean that everyone in the community has to understand, support, and be willing to participate in a prevention program, although this may be an ideal.
Use what you know about the community’s level of readiness to publicize the issue and encourage participation. If the community is already well aware of the problem – you may be able to concentrate on gathering support and volunteers to start planning your program.
Protective factors for CTC reside in individual characteristics, in bonding (with family, particularly, but also with mentors and other significant adults), and in the healthy beliefs and clear standards imposed on adolescents by families and the community. Developmental assets (similar to protective factors) for children and adolescents can also be divided into external and internal. The goal here is to understand how these factors operate in your community – which are important and which less so, which are most likely to influence substance abuse among populations at risk. Research and choose an evidence-based approach that can be used with the risk and protective factors you’ve settled on. Individual programs are aimed at helping individuals to develop the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to change their undesirable behavior, or to maintain healthy behaviors. Environmental programs seek to alter the environment to make it easier for people to change or maintain their behavior. In some cases, however – because communities and populations often differ in subtle and not-so-subtle ways – even the program that comes closest to addressing your situation may have elements that are unlikely to work in your community, or lack elements that would improve its effectiveness. If you’re funded by CSAP, you might try to negotiate appropriate changes in the implementation of the evidence-based model you’ve selected.
Your plan should be detailed enough that it could still be followed even if everyone involved in the planning suddenly decided to retire to a tropical island and left no forwarding address. Only by monitoring and evaluating your effort can you tell just how successful it is, and know what parts of it you need to change or strengthen.
The results of your evaluation should be reassessed on a regular basis (typically once a year), and used to adjust your program to respond to changing community needs or to change or improve areas of it that aren’t working as well as they could. When you make major changes, tell the community about them, and ask for help if you need it. The Community Tool Box considers evaluation such a valuable part of any intervention or initiative that it devotes four chapters – 36 through 39 – to it.
CSAP’s Strategic Prevention Framework is intended as a structure for substance abuse prevention programs, although, because of its generality, it could easily be used for other prevention programs as well.
The Strategic Prevention Framework, like several of the Other Models for Promoting Community Health and Development. CSAP provides funding for prevention both through states and directly to organizations.  More important for the majority of prevention programs not funded by CSAP grants, the agency also provides web-based tools and information to help with each phase of development and implementation. Each culture has its sayings and songs about the importance of home, and the comfort and security to be found there.
This background note is a guide to research and resources on domestic violence in Australia. There has been much debate regarding the most appropriate terminology to use for violence between spouses and partners.
The traditional associations of domestic violence are with acts of physical violence within relationships occurring in the home but this understanding fails to grasp the complexity of the phenomenon. Family violence is a broader term referring to violence between family members as well as violence between intimate partners.
Given the scope of this definition of domestic violence, the private nature of the relationships within which violence occurs and the fact that most incidents of domestic violence go unreported, it is impossible to measure the true extent of the problem. The ABS Personal Safety Survey 2005 provided information on people's safety at home and in the community and, in particular, on the nature and extent of violence against people in Australia. The Australian component of the IVAWS in 2002–03 employed a broader definition of violence, measuring physical violence (including threats), sexual violence (including unwanted sexual touching) and psychological violence (including controlling behaviours such, as put downs and keeping track of whereabouts).
34 per cent of women who had a current or former intimate partner (including boyfriends) experienced at least one form of violence from a partner during their lifetime (since the age of 16). 31 per cent of women who had a current or former intimate partner experienced physical violence and an estimated 12 per cent suffered sexual violence from a partner during their lifetime. Of the women who had a current or former intimate partner, six per cent reported that their partner had forced them to have sexual intercourse at some stage during their lifetime; this is the most common form of sexual violence perpetrated by intimate partners. Of the women who were in a current relationship (spouse, de facto partner, or boyfriend), ten per cent reported that they had experienced violence from their current partner over their lifetime, and three per cent over the past 12 months. Almost four in ten women (between 37 and 40 per cent) who were in a current relationship reported experiencing at least one type of controlling behaviour over their lifetime; six per cent experienced controlling behaviour in the past 12 months. Women experienced higher levels of violence from a previous partner than a current partner. Previous partners were also reported as perpetrating more severe violence than current male partners.
While there is no single cause that leads to domestic violence, there are a number of risk factors associated with perpetrators and victims of domestic violence.
Alcohol is a significant risk factor for domestic violence, particularly in Indigenous communities. At the most serious end of the spectrum, many intimate-partner homicides are alcohol related. Results from both the IVAWS and ABS surveys suggest a relationship between the experience of violence as a child and subsequent victimisation as an adult. Domestic violence cuts across social and economic boundaries and the data on the effect of education, employment status and income are mixed. Some women are more vulnerable to becoming victims of domestic violence and less able to leave violent relationships based on factors such as age, Indigenous status, location, disability, ethnicity, and English language abilities.
In the National Survey on Community Attitudes to Violence against Women, young people had a strong understanding of the criminal nature of domestic violence. ABS and IVAWS statistics indicate that younger women are more likely to have recently experienced physical and sexual violence than older women. Some seven per cent (65,800) of women aged 18 to24 years experienced physical assault and 3 per cent (28 700) experienced sexual assault in the last 12 months. Earlier research found that about one in three young people aged 12 to 20 years who had had a boyfriend or girlfriend, reported physical violence in their personal relationships.
There are significant deficiencies in the availability of statistics and research on the extent and nature of family violence in Indigenous communities.
Indigenous people experience violence at rates that are typically double or more those experienced by non-Indigenous people, and this can be much higher in some remote communities. The National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Survey (NATSISS) 2008 provides the most current data on violence (actual and threatened) in the Indigenous population. While there is some evidence that women living in rural and remote areas are more likely to experience domestic violence, the picture is far from clear. Women in rural and remote areas may also find it harder to seek help or leave a violent relationship. Similarly, the IVAWS indicated that women from English-speaking backgrounds reported higher levels of physical, sexual and any violence compared to non English-speaking background (NESB)[87] women over their lifetime.
In terms of identifying violence as a crime, victims differentiate between strangers and partners.
Using ABS data, the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research found that less than half of all respondents who had been the victim of a domestic assault in the previous 12 months reported the incident to the police.
Of those women who had experienced current partner violence at any time since the age of 15, only 10 per cent had a violence order issued. While legal reforms of the late 1980s and 1990s strengthened police powers to deal with domestic violence, the trend towards pro-arrest policies has only recently begun to influence operational policing in Australia. A good example of these changes, which draws heavily on programs developed overseas, is the ACT Family Violence Intervention Program (FVIP) which is a proactive, multi-agency approach to family violence in the ACT.
During the first three years of Safe at Home the total incidents attended by police increased, before declining marginally in 2007–08. A number of factors influence police officers’ decisions when they respond to domestic violence incidents. So the research began, I was reading up and collecting information on places of interest for children. As for Melbourne, we took a day tour on the Puffing Billy, had a warm fuzzy lunch by the winery, yummy gelato at the Yarra Chocolatiere and had a guided tour of the Healesville Sanctuary (got up-close with the Red Kangaroos, emus, platypus and koalas).
So what could a Stay-At-Home-Mom do for money considering there is already so little time after all the dishes and laundry and cooking and cleaning are done? Blog - I started a blog when my first born was about 2 years old and began earning USD4-5 thousand monthly very soon after. Write for others - This is if you can write, you could be a freelance writer for advertising agencies who are always on the lookout for part-timers. Bake - there are many, many Moms baking for income which means lots of competition but there is only one you. Start a little home business - this could be anything from making something to being a trader to being a marketing affiliate. Failing which, allow me to interview you and I will think of what you could do for a living from home.
I have been working with a company for 18 years and for the past 7 years, I have been working full time from home. My kids were 3yo and 1yo then and I knew I wanted to spend those precious growing years with them and not having to depend on anyone else to care for them. Working from home does not mean that you can sit at home, shake legs and catch the latest Korean drama Yes - unfortunately for some.
This is important because if you’re going to be in conference calls for a least 30 mins, the last thing you want is to be holding the handset to your head.
In between work, I need to step to for my school run and this timing is fixed and has been shared with my manager and peers. If you’re going to be spending 8-10 hours of your day sitting in front of a computer, make sure your workspace is ergonomic.
Remember to take mini breaks and stretch or go for a little walk to get that blood circulating. She was excited initially (we did some prep talk weeks before), thinking that she will be going into the same class as her older brother. We didn’t have a party for Honeybun, we had a small celebration for her at her play school and also with our families.
Her favourite for the past few months has been rubber duckies (and bath toys) and particularly characters from a cartoon called Lucky Duck.
It took me more than a year to resign from my previous job as an engineer in a multinational oil & gas company.
However, as time went by, I started to think about my children who were about to enrol in primary school.
But if you really want to change your profession from FTWM (fulltime working mum) to WAHM (working at home mum), I’d like to share some tips that might help you to have something in mind.
I always suggest to friends who wanted to let go their jobs for a home business, to get some ideas about how and what their home businesses would be. I like to recommend to my fellow friends who want to resign and start a business, begin before you sign your resignation.
Don’t leave your job if you just can’t take it, leave it if you figure out there are other priorities than your career. I was at the Asia Model Festival Awards 2015 in Seoul, Korea but had to rush back to attend Ashton’s School Day. Mother’s Day is coming so I would to wish all mommies, “Happy Mother’s Day and enjoy motherhood! He was in an art class holiday program which he enjoyed a lot; learning crafty things and the best part was that he had a good friend participating in the same program. He also attended a three-day Speech and Drama program in which the main program focuses on the kids having to perform a mini sketch.
I will not deny that a couple of months ago, I bought a tab (of course, it’s slightly smaller than my iPad) for my then 2-year old. Even when my son was younger, I started to expose him to technology – I absolutely loved the idea that my son will not feel like an outcast had he not been exposed to one from an early age. Fast forward two months later, we re-introduced the iPad & the tab to him BUT very gradually. As parents, I guess the hardest part of actually spending more time with Nooh to do these exciting fun-filled family activities is….
Gradually moving away from these gadgetries and being less attached to these smart electronic ‘imps’ really does make us better parents. Especially for kindergarten - if they can’t make it for a full day, we can send them for maybe an hour or so.
Set boundaries and set some rules during schooldays so that the child won’t feel attached to home during his school time. Our bottom line is to plan properly, get mutual understanding with our spouse, decide and stick to the plan. But then whenever I look at my son (who himself loves other people’s birthday celebration), I feel guilty of not organising his own birthday celebration. So much has happened in the last year that this New Year 2015, is a year full of changes for me and my family.
I found out that it is impossible for women to get along in a group of more than a hundred. Although everyone knows what is good for you for great health, they are still not practising good healthy habits.
So after all the stress that I went through last year, there was one blessing that entered my life despite having to quit my job and make regular visits to the hospital. Ashton went on a holiday without us for the first time and it was also the first time he was away from us.
When he was walking pass the immigration check point at the airport, he kept looking back at us. It is the school holidays and I am already cracking my head on kids’ activities as we are not planning any trips this time. Last but not least, they had a ride on a pony.  The fee had increased from last year and even the ride’s duration was shortened! Letting kids take a year out from school or at any time during the course of their educational path is a great choice that many parents are reluctant to make due to the kiasu nature of Asian parenting in always wanting to get ahead and staying ahead. The thing is, at 15 or 16 or even at 20, did you know exactly what you wanted to do with your life? We ourselves here have experienced taking a year out merely by accident but nonetheless a good thought out coincidence because my kids are only 10 and 5 this year yet they have already experienced what it is like to not only NOT go to school every single day but were given the great opportunity to explore the world and get to know themselves a bit better.
NEW EXPERIENCES & EXPLORATION – With not going to school, we actually had the opportunity to participate and attend many events that being in school would not have allowed us to do due to scheduling conflicts. EXTRA TIME - Being at home every day gave them the extra time to learn new languages and skills such as how to make glue, how to make sago Melaka, how to make Sugee Cake, how to prepare for a public exhibition, how to present publicly, etc. GETTING CLOSER TO SELF – Inherently, I feel that one succeeds in this world when one is comfortable in their own skin. Iceland had always been my dream destination because I would like to see its midnight sun during summer solstice, where there is no night in Iceland. When my husband told us that the next country on our list would be Iceland during the mid-year school holiday (in June), I took it as a gift! However, we were lucky as the weather was so good from day one – the sun shone brightly for us.
Iceland is a land of fairies; many locals still believe that trolls and elves still exist around the island. Ashton is at the willfull stage – I made my decision already, I am not going to change my mind!  And he has a ready reason for everything he wants to do too. I asked Ashton for his opinion on his coming birthday party and he surprised me with “I am already a big boy, I don’t want Angry Bird party.
Ever since the kids were comfortable in the water, it has been part of our family weekly activity – Swimming!
There have been reports, journal articles, web pages and criminal convictions of these horrific crimes against children and adults. Have you had a meaningful discussion with yourself about the difference between censorship and selection? I vaguely remember the McMarten case and just as vaguely the sense that it was mostly the result of hysteria. It would have been especially dangerous if given to a child who discloses having been ritually abused. If so, come right out and say so, rather than offering your implication, and face the possibility of a lawsuit.
There was a confession in the case and several witnesses heard Echols (one of the defendants) brag about the killings.
There was a report written by a member of the FBI, one who at first admitted publically he had never interviewed a ritual abuse survivor. They focus on the community as a whole, and try to devise ways to help the community members who are most at risk – typically youth – to avoid the behaviors or situations that would put them in harm’s way. In this section, we examine another that does the same – the Strategic Prevention Framework developed by CSAP, the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, part of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the U.S. By the same token, while SPF focuses primarily on youth, there is no reason that the model can’t be adapted to any population group. Risk factors are those elements within an individual or her environment that make her more susceptible to particular negative behaviors or conditions. We’ll list the phases here, and discuss them in more detail later, in the “How-to” part of the section.
The above Strategic Prevention Framework diagram is overlaid with the core competencies for community health and development found in the Community Tool Box. To begin, a working group is assembled that includes representatives of all stakeholders (those who will be affected, directly or indirectly, by the prevention effort) to survey the community and decide on the most pressing issue that can be successfully addressed with the resources available.
Developing the community’s capacity to engage in a prevention effort involves mobilizing the human, organizational, and financial resources necessary, and then providing the appropriate training and technical assistance so that the community has the knowledge and skills to plan and do the work.
In this phase, a diverse group of stakeholders creates a plan with goals, objectives, and action strategies aimed at meeting the needs of the community. The framework involves the representation of all stakeholders in the process from the very beginning, including the group the effort is aimed at. A cornerstone of the framework’s philosophical base is that prevention only works when the whole community supports it, and when the real needs of the community are taken into account. The emphasis on risk and protective factors both makes prevention manageable and makes it seem more manageable. Rather than prescribe a particular program, SPF provides resources to help communities find best practices that suit their own needs. Through its website, CSAP links communities and prevention programs to a great number of online resources from a variety of sources. Over and above their influence on the issue at hand, most risk and protective factors are general as well.


It should be noted that, while CSAP makes grants to states and communities, those grants are relatively few. While it certainly makes sense to use proven practices, rather than trying to reinvent the wheel, it is also important to understand that even the best programs don’t necessarily work everywhere, and that all parts of a given program may not be appropriate in a particular situation.
Reporting requirements on CSAP and SAMHSA grants are considerable, and cover every aspect of the development, implementation, and evaluation of the prevention effort. For those who simply want to use the framework, CSAP does provide access to a large amount of information, and can make it possible to put together an effective prevention program using local resources. Thus, the best time to embark on a strategic prevention initiative may be when the community is ready to turn its attention in that direction. The first part of a prevention initiative may in fact be an effort to increase community readiness. Some of those resources may come from CSAP, in the form of grants and technical assistance. The ideal time to begin a prevention effort is before the problem has become so large that prevention may take a back seat to dealing with its immediate effects, but after people have become aware that it could get considerably worse without some intervention. The best way to reduce the risk for any population, and particularly for youth, who are still unformed in many ways, is to keep them from embarking on high-risk behavior. Because SPF has the potential to influence substance abuse over the long term, it’s an ideal way to approach quality-of-life issues. The multiple answers here stem both from the way CSAP grants are made and from the fact that SPF is intended to be inclusive and participatory. They might be state and local health and human service officials, coalition coordinators, human service providers, universities, hospital and clinic administrators, etc.
As stated constantly in the Community Tool Box, we believe that, in most cases, participatory planning and implementation of programs leads to efforts that both meet real community needs and assure community support. They are likely to be community-based health or human service organizations, community coalitions, local health departments, or similar groups that engage in prevention efforts either to respond to community needs or as part of a larger local initiative. It might try to explain the effects of alcohol and various other drugs, conduct prevention classes in middle or elementary school, identify risk and protective factors, let people know where they can get more information, and generally raise community consciousness and concern about the issue.
Older people who live alone, far from family and often isolated, may be at risk for alcohol abuse. Depending on the program, these individuals could be identified and referred by school personnel, parents, the court system, law enforcement, social workers, therapists, or others who have contact with them. In the assessment phase, you determine community needs and resources, and identify existing risk and protective factors.
Perhaps the best way around this, in addition to recruiting workgroup members from the population(s) most at risk, is to include those recovering from alcohol and drug dependency. In general, the more methods of collecting information you use, the better picture you’ll get of the issue in your community. A focus group is a specific kind of guided discussion intended to get information on a particular topic from a group. They may hold leadership official leadership positions in government or institutions, be respected for their professional status or social leadership, or they may simply be known as people of integrity and wisdom. Legislators and others who determine laws and regulations regarding substance use, as well as those opinion leaders in the community who help to determine attitudes toward it. There are different ways that observation might be used in this kind of community assessment. Much of your work may have been done for you by various federal, state, and local agencies. Community readiness is the degree to which a community is ready to take action on an issue. An instrument for determining community readiness that can be easily applied and scored by community members can be found in Community Readiness, and related Community Tool Box sections that support improving readiness. The questions are where your effort can have an impact, and what you have the resources to do. Rather, it implies that there has to be a critical mass of support and knowledge in order to run an effective program. The group that conducted the community assessment and others that have been interested in the prevention effort from the beginning constitute a core group.
A logic model will expand the SPF framework to help you map out exactly how you’ll approach. Depending on what people in the community are aware of, you may want to draw attention to the issue of substance abuse, and emphasize its existence and nature in the community.
As the community grows more knowledgeable about substance abuse, it should be easier to recruit people to help with the prevention effort.
You may be able to find volunteers who are experienced in curriculum development, public relations, youth work, filmmaking, and other areas that might benefit the effort. This team might be the same as the assessment team, might include some members of the assessment team and some others, or might be entirely different. If the planning team is truly inclusive, at least some members of it may never have had experience in meetings or in group problem-solving, let alone in planning a community intervention. Respecting everyone, making clear that everyone’s opinions are equally valued, drawing in those whose thoughts haven’t been heard, dealing with ideas rather than personalities, listening carefully to everyone without interruption, keeping an open mind, being willing to compromise, not allowing anyone to dominate, reaching consensus, etc. Methods of approaching problems in a group, including such techniques as brainstorming, small-group discussions, and role plays. This might mean information on the effects and health implications of various widely-abused substances, which substances present the greatest problems, which populations are most at risk, etc.
What they are, how they work, how they can be used in the context of a prevention program, and some examples. Many team members might not have thought about figuring the cost of a prevention program into their plans, or that program resources include not only funding, but also volunteer time, community knowledge about the issue, community and media support, local expertise (from professionals, organizations, and institutions), and the willingness of local officials and the community to change bylaws and policy to favor prevention.
What constitutes an evidence-based program, how to sort out those that can be reproduced from those that are specific to the situations in which they operate, and how to tinker with such programs to make them more appropriate for a particular community.
CSAP recommends hiring a consultant – The KU Work Group or a similar organization – to work with the community on this step, but the reality is that many organizations or communities won’t have the resources for that. CSAP (see Tool # 2) adds a societal domain to these four, encompassing the roles of the national media, the Internet, and the wider culture in forming community and adolescent attitudes and behavior.
The adolescent has the opportunity to exercise responsibility, and to feel in control of important parts of his own life.
The adolescent understands the value of learning and education, and can apply herself in school and other areas of learning. The adolescent possesses the personal and interpersonal skills to conduct his own life and to engage in positive relationships with others. You should select a manageable number of factors – you can’t address everything at once: that will almost undoubtedly doom you to failure by overextending your capabilities and resources and diluting your efforts in any one direction. Drugs may be equally available in the next community or neighborhood, or through sources other than those you crack down on. Evidence-based programs are those that have been formally studied using carefully-structured research designs, and have been found to be effective in preventing substance abuse with the populations they served.
We’ve already discussed universal (aimed at the whole community), selective (aimed at a particular at-risk population), and indicated (aimed at identified at-risk or substance-involved individuals) programs.  Another way to look at programs is as either individual or environmental. At the same time, for programs it funds directly or indirectly, it requires that, once they choose an evidence-based model to implement, they copy that model exactly. In these cases, it’s important to acknowledge your experience and understanding of the community and its history.
If you’re not funded by CSAP, but are simply using SPF as a framework for a community prevention program, you can make your own adjustments as you plan your program.
Reinventing the wheel is unnecessary, especially if you already know that the wheel works quite well. Strategy includes not just what the program itself will look like, but a number of other elements as well.
The assumption here is that a prevention effort, to be successful, must be aimed at and involve the whole community. This phase isn’t easy, but it will be a lot easier if you’ve done a good job planning and have the support of the community. Whether your program uses paid staff or volunteers – or a combination of both – it’s important to find the right people to work in it. While timelines can often be affected by external factors – how long it takes to hire staff, a contractor’s work on space, etc. You’ve chosen an evidence-based model because it has proven itself and because it seems to fit your community, your population, and the issues they’re dealing with. You may have obtained the resources you need for the moment, but that doesn’t mean you should relax.
Through placing news articles and press releases, presentations to groups, maintaining a presence at community events, and other actions, you can broadcast the program’s successes and continue to generate community interest and support. Is the program having the desired effect on the risk and protective factors you’re aiming at?
Has the effort led to the desired outcomes – lower rates of drug and alcohol use, fewer drunken driving deaths, better services for elders?
Adjustments may require more volunteers, more funding, a different method of reaching people, or some other change that the community can assist with.
You can find information about almost any aspect of evaluation in the more than 30 sections that comprise these chapters. The components of its process – assessment, capacity building, planning, implementation, and evaluation – are similar to those of the other logic models and frameworks described in this chapter. It is intended as an update to previous Parliamentary Library publications on this topic.[2] It includes an overview of research on the prevalence of domestic violence, attitudes and risk factors, at risk groups and communities and the costs of domestic violence to communities and to the economy. The next National Community Attitudes Survey is likely to be in the field in 2014, with results expected in 2015. Of respondents aged 15 years and over three per cent of males and two per cent of females reported being a victim of physical assault in the previous 12 months. A further three per cent of these women reported that their partners had attempted to force them to have sexual intercourse and four per cent experienced unwanted sexual touching. Physical violence was more commonly reported (nine per cent, lifetime) than sexual violence (one per cent, lifetime).
Of women who have had a past relationship, 36 per cent reported experiencing violence from a previous partner over their lifetime, compared with ten per cent for a current partner.
For example, less than one per cent of women in a current relationship reported that their current partner had used or threatened to use a knife or gun on them.
A longitudinal analysis of alcohol outlet density found a relationship between alcohol availability and domestic violence.
The IVAWS found that women who experienced abuse during childhood were one and a half times more likely to experience violence in adulthood than those who had not experienced abuse during childhood.[26] Data from the ABS Personal Safety Survey 2005 indicate that both men and women who experienced child abuse under the age of 15 years were at greater risk of partner violence as adults (since the age of 15) than those who had not experienced child abuse. Of women who experienced partner violence since the age of 15, some 36 per cent reported experiencing violence from a previous partner during pregnancy; 18 per cent experienced domestic violence for the first time while they were pregnant.
It may be the case that violence follows separation, or the decision to separate is due to violence in the relationship. However, they were less likely than older respondents to understand complex aspects of violence in relationships such as the range and seriousness of behaviour that constitutes domestic violence, if and when it can be excused and who is most likely to be a victim of it. The Personal Safety Survey 2005 found that 12 per cent (117 000) of women aged 18–24 years experienced at least one incident of violence in the last 12 months. Experience of physical and sexual assault decreased with age to less than one percent of women aged 55 and over. Reports of such physical violence increased with age to 42 per cent of women aged 19 to 20 years. According to ABS data, of females who experienced physical assault or sexual assault by a male in the previous 12 months, there was greatest reluctance to report incidents to police when the perpetrator was a current partner.[92] Only 17 per cent of those physically assaulted by a current partner in the latest incident told police, compared with 24 per cent of those assaulted by a boyfriend or date and 61 per cent of those assaulted by a previous partner. The strategy aims to ensure that responses by Australasian jurisdictions are based on more consistent policies and practices; it outlines priorities for action to improve information and intelligence sharing between police, as well as between partner agencies. The ACT has a pro-arrest, pro-charge policy on domestic and family violence; such cases are fast tracked through the courts.
In August 2004 the Code of Practice for the Investigation of Family Violence, was introduced to improve police responses to family violence incidents and encourage community confidence to report these offences to police.[114] Prior to August 2004, approximately 15 per cent of assaults were family violence related.
So far, we have been taking the kids on holidays to no other than beach destinations in and out of Malaysia and the kids loved every bit of it, even more especially after they had learnt how to swim. If you don’t, you just need to be that much more disciplined but it can be done and I am pure testament to that.
But then blogosphere got crowded and I got pregnant again and then went back to full time employment for a bit so the blog got put aside for awhile.
Finding something you could do from the computer is an easy and fast way to save some pocket money.
I switched from a consulting job to a desk-bound program support job which enabled me to work from home full time and support the Asia Pacific region. So when I got this job, I thanked God and my colleague, Agnes because she was the one who roped me into her team. Therefore, it’s important that you invest in a good headset with the ability to mute your line.
I also block off my time in Microsoft Outlook for school runs so that my colleagues will know that I will be out of office at specific times of the day. We are all given a notebook to work from but since I am a teleworker, I am able to order additional accessories for my notebook which include a docking station, monitor stand and a 24 inch monitor so that I can comfortably work in front of the computer (like a geek). We should resign from our job in a way that reinforces our professional image and keep our current employer relationships positive. It might be different for those who resign and decide to stay at home taking care of family, without any proposal to do home-based business or work. If you start now, you’ll get the rhythm and it’ll be easier to adapt later when you leave the office. Sugar is not just defined as the raw sugar that you put into your coffee but sugar from fruit, sugar from carbohydrates such as white flour, rice, noodles, bread and pastry.
Although you may lose weight purely by limiting the portions and the quality of food that you eat, exercise is still incredibly important because it not only strengthens your bones and muscles but promotes the circulatory system within your body.
In order to live a great, healthy life that will not succumb to illnesses, the body requires an ovoerfluous amount of vegetables. It is so worth it to do so because I have seen too many people suffer from poor health being once a patient of poor health myself. Recently, he modelled for Lord’s Tailor at the Pavilion Fashion Week show (he stole the limelight!) and was the opening model for the Go Go Green Charity show. Chinese schools give their students a lot of homework so my husband and I have to watch him finish his homework every day.
He is the first person I want to see, the first person I want to kiss, the first person I miss. Every night, as mummy is lazy to read bedtime stories, he’ll ask me to have a chat with him before he goes to bed. Well, really I had intended it for my own use, but over time I felt it was more convenient (and lighter) for me to bring around just to console my son whenever my husband and I needed some “rest time” during our family outings.
He’ll get to use it if he truly behaved and finished his food or slept earlier the night before. We even introduced Nooh very light housechores for him to assist Mommy & Daddy with, and we began to seriously organise more fun-filled family activities on alternate weekends. My cousin makes really beautiful cakes, so I’m going to ask her to make a customised birthday cake for Nooh. Over the last year, I learnt several lessons along the way that I would like to share with you in hope that it will benefit you in some way.
To be fair, not everyone in Malaysia is educated enough about health but they should really take the initiative to learn it up as it is their own bodies and they should never take that for granted. We had planned for the trip to a theme park in China well in advance but I could not make it as it was just 3 days after my operation.
I spoke to him every day for the 5 days that he was there.  The first day he asked, “Mommy are you okay?
Sometimes, he gets drinks of water for me and tells me that when I am sick, I need to drink a lot of water. We plan to have a small do with just my family but my friends asked me to hold a small party.
We had been there before last year but it is still a fun place, especially for young toddlers. I can never understand this concept why it is so important for children to be the youngest graduate. By widening your children’s eyes, stretching their ears, increasing their perspectives in having a broader mind, they get to think more, do more, and ultimately make better decisions about what they like and do not like.
This year alone, we got to participate in entrepreneurial markets where my eldest daughter got to learn how to barter, trade and sell. They also managed to hone in on their language skills and dug deeper into any subject of interest such as loom bands and art and model making.
The world becomes clear and there is no pretence on any part when you know who you are, what you are capable of, where you want to go and how you are going to get there. When people are directionless sometimes, they take a year out from the hustle and bustle of work and spend a year traveling or doing other things to decide where they truly want to be. It is extremely enlightening and if you ever have the opportunity, don’t think too hard about letting your kids take a year out. We departed from KLIA to Schipol, Amsterdam and transited for about 8 hours to taste the freshness of raw herring, standing on the bridge overlooking a canal near Central Station. Our target was to drive from Reykjavik to the South, around Iceland, and back to Reykjavik from Sn?fellsnes Peninsula.
One minute, you might be blinded by the hot sun whilst the next minute, you could be soaked by an extreme downpour. According to an Icelandic we met, they were having bad weather for weeks before we arrived. I asked my children about going back to Iceland and they replied that they really wanted to visit Iceland again. I want Pocoyo party!“ So, he is going to have an entirely different themed party this year after having Angry Bird themed parties for three years. He has set ideas on colours for girls and boys - pink and red are for girls and blue is for boys. My son already knows simple arithmetic like 1+2=3, 4+5=9 and can count the money I give him . I was going,  “The Angry Bird opens his hands to pick up the things” when he said, “NO NO Mommy, Stop! I found this little gem a few years ago doing a project for a young adult class and ILL-ed it from [a seminary!] … but 89 libraries have it in WorldCat, mostly public! Well, if your community has a problem with satanic rituals, this might be a great choice for your children’s section. Crying, naked children standing in the woods in a circle being told that nothing can be told outside the circle and that their parents have given them to the hooded people…I may have nightmares from this one.
You should read some of the claims made by the children in the McMartin case and other similar preschool abuse cases. What made anyone think that Satanic ritual abuse was common enough to justify a children’s book for it? Recovery hurts like hell at first, but it’s much better than being one of the living dead.
Anyone can edit it anonymously and unlike a peer reviewed journal, there is no system of review of facts. Others find themselves doing everything they can think of, and barely staying even, or – worse – losing ground.
Although they don’t ignore law enforcement, medical treatment, policy decisions, public education, or other actions necessary to address the problem as it already exists, these successful communities try to reduce substance abuse permanently by taking a long-term perspective.
Protective factors are the opposite – those elements within an individual or his environment that make him less susceptible to those negative behaviors or conditions. In many upper-class communities, at least until 20 or so years ago, large amounts of alcohol were consumed at dinners, weddings, etc., with the assumption that guests – many of them underage, and most at least slightly drunk – would then drive themselves home.
The program is evaluated in terms of process (Did you actually carry out what you planned to do in the way and time period you planned?), impact (Did your program have the intended effect on the targeted risk and protective factors?), and outcome (Did the program achieve its overall community-change goals?).
This leads to community ownership of the prevention program, which in turn leads to community participation and support, both major factors in its potential for success.
It provides a broad range of proven options to choose from, and encourages communities to develop their own variations where appropriate, thus empowering them to solve their own problems and develop their own assets for the future. The fact that it doesn’t seem overwhelming makes communities more likely to keep at it and be successful.
In particular, we refer you to the Community Tool Box supports for Strategic Prevention Framework founding in Tool #1 of this section.
Such protective factors for youth, for instance, as parent-child communication, attachment to the community, self-respect, and high expectations are likely to lead not only to a reduction in dangerous and self-destructive behavior, but to young people themselves developing into better parents and citizens, and becoming role models for the next generation. States distribute much of their funding to communities, but grants are competitive, and it may be difficult, particularly for communities with few resources, to obtain the funds that might increase those resources. While the total amount of these grants is relatively large, the number of recipients is still quite small, and most are large organizations and institutions. An insistence on following program implementation guidelines exactly can ignore the knowledge of the community that may be a local organization’s greatest asset. For many small community-based organizations with limited staff, this requirement may make it impossible to compete for grants. In that case, having to contend with the potential problems raised by points 2 and 3 is not an issue. In fact, with its emphasis on risk and protective factors, particularly for youth, the framework could act as prevention for nearly any undesirable issue, as well as promotion of healthy behaviors and environments. You may not begin to devise and implement a prevention program for a while, but the readiness development is all part of the same effort. Others may come from the community itself, and consist of people with successful prevention experience, local sponsorship for prevention efforts, funding from community foundations or municipal agencies, media support, etc. It’s a good time to persuade the community that a prevention program can help to create a future where the issue at hand simply isn’t an issue at all. Working with young children and their families, for instance, can have its effects not only when those children become adolescents, but – more profoundly – when they become parents themselves. An ongoing, successful prevention program is a community asset that can be used to attract businesses and their employees to a community. A prevention effort can be an ideal vehicle to address such change, because it can deal with both the current situation and the next generation.
It might be aimed at a neighborhood, at the community as a whole, or even at a whole county or state.
Excessive drinking during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome, which produces babies with a number of serious developmental problems, almost always including brain damage and abnormal facial features, and often including growth problems and mental retardation.
Their substance use is often one of the reasons that they are homeless, and contributes to their difficulty in changing their status. In such cases, it would be not only the participants, but those who referred them who are the users of SPF. Since the prevention effort takes a community perspective, the workgroup should involve all sectors of the community. They understand the substance abuse culture from the inside, while being clear on the need to prevent people from joining that culture. If the sponsor of the assessment is the municipality (the Mayor’s office, for example), a large institution or organization (a university or a large-city United Way), or a state agency, it will probably have the resources to do that. They can be given to groups or individuals, at random or by selection (population, geographic area, age, etc.) If they’re well-conducted, they can cover various topics, and yield a broad range of answers. It can be used effectively for assessment, but requires a trained facilitator to draw out the participants and keep them on the topic.
You might focus on youth, for instance, even though the worst problems are among adults, in the hope of curbing substance use in the future. It could mean walking the streets and noting conditions, watching to see whether kids approach adults to buy alcohol for them outside of liquor stores, noting obvious crack houses, or simply watching interactions in various neighborhoods and parks. Once you understand your community’s level of readiness, you can plan your effort to start at that level and move the community to the next, and to continue to move the community, a level at a time. Until community members are aware of the problem and believe it is important, it’s unlikely that you’ll get much of the support needed for a successful prevention effort. The substance abuse problem among a particular population may be more than you have the ability to take on at the beginning. Many or most of them may be willing to remain active in continuing to plan and implement the program. Using the stories of community members recovering from substance abuse, especially if they’re willing to tell those stories themselves, is a powerful way to emphasize the need for prevention.
You can reach community members through the media, through brochures and bulletin board messages in appropriate places, and – most effectively – through personal contact.
People whose only apparent skill is a willingness to help can network, provide logistical support (stuffing envelopes, scheduling meetings, making phone calls), and help to recruit still others, as well as developing leadership capacity over the long term. Most may have relatively little knowledge about substance abuse or its prevention, beyond understanding that it’s a local problem that they wish to address. The results of the community assessment, as well as statistics from various sources, can provide team members with a profile of community substance abuse, and some ideas about which directions to move in. Help may be available from a local college or university, or from one or more local organizations or individuals.
You should also select factors that you can truly influence, and in a reasonable period of time. Furthermore, the new sources may be more dangerous to users than the old, both in terms of the drugs they offer and in their potential for violence. Some may have been tested and found to work in different circumstances and with different groups; others may be specific to a given population or situation – a program targeting rural elders, for instance, or one aimed at urban teens. There are obvious reasons for this: once a model has been proven to work, it makes a certain amount of sense to try to reproduce it perfectly, since any change in it might affect its success. You can borrow some strategies from another evidence-based program that you’ve examined, for example, or devise some strategies of your own to add on to the program you’ve chosen.
Improving the wheel is not impossible, however, and if you have the opportunity and the ideas to do so, you might come up with a prevention program that works faster or more smoothly, and that avoids the particular potholes presented by the peculiarities of your community.
The greater the community ownership of the plan, the more likely it is that the plan will be carried out across the board.
Paying attention at the beginning of and throughout the implementation phase to some specific aspects of it will also make the task easier.
It makes sense to stay as close to the model as possible, at least for an initial period, to see if it works as well for you as it did for others that tried it.


Did you meet timelines, reach the number of people and the population you planned to, provide the kinds of service or activities you intended in the way you intended? You may be doing exactly what you planned, but it may have little or no effect on your chosen risk and protective factors, or it may be having effects you didn’t count on. Again, your program may be affecting the chosen risk and protective factors in the ways you anticipated, but that may not have led to the outcomes you were aiming at. The opportunity to provide real aid leads to community ownership and support of the program. Risk factors are those elements in the individual, family, peer group, or society that make it easier or more likely for someone to fall into substance abuse. It also covers policy approaches designed to prevent domestic violence, a survey of current Australian Government programs and initiatives and a review of future directions in domestic violence prevention. Financial stress, personal stress and lack of social support are also strong correlates of violence against women.
While rates for male victimisation were similar, females were at least four times as likely as males to have been frightened by the experience.
One-half (50 per cent) of the hospitalisations for females for assaults were as a consequence of family violence, whereas the corresponding proportion for males was 19 per cent.
Only one in ten women (11 per cent) who experienced violence from a current husband or partner considered the most recent incident to be a crime compared to almost four in ten women who experienced violence from a former husband or partner (38 per cent). Women were more likely to talk to someone else about a violent incident than they were to tell police or contact a specialised agency.
If we have the chance to visit Melbourne again, we’ll definitely take a train to spend our own sweet time at those places.
Whatever it is, whatever it takes, you either have a project going or take time out to be by yourself, do something. Many of us waste far too much time on Facebook when some of that time could be spent more productively. All you need to do is to have samples of your writing in hand and inform them that you are available. Get out of your comfort zone and start a business where you will be in complete control of your life. When I work from home, I am very productive because I already save time to get ready for work and to commute to and from work and there have been times that I work through lunch as well. It’s important that they are not neglected as well because the whole idea to work from home is so that you can spend quality time with the kids right?
But the good news is; on the 1st week itself, the teacher informed us that she just sobbed a little and stopped after we left.
This can be anything from processed cheeses, processed cereals, canned food, snacks that you buy from the convenience store wrapped in plastic, even commercial muesli bars; they all add toxins into the body over time.
Good circulation ensures that every part of your body functions well and gets good quality oxygenated blood that is filled with the nutrients that each part of your body needs. Usually this is not possible and especially not for children when they are fussy eaters and thus, good, natural supplements are necessary.
This is because water has Hydrogen and Hydrogen is everywhere in our cells binding our DNA.
If you do not sleep enough, you are giving the free radicals more opportunity to multiply within your body. Think of your children, they need you thus you owe it to them to care best for your own body at no sacrifice.
The place was pretty packed which limited us to much fewer activities in comparison to the first time we were there. Of course, occasionally work beckons, but it is more important to be connected with your own children – especially during their formative years. Now at 4 years old, he still carry that same temperament even though I had sent him to kindergarten since he was 2 years old with a change to another school since then. However, after meeting his friends and as the learning session begins, he starts to enjoy himself. As much as I tried to moderate little tiffs and differences in opinions, some women are so set in their ways and are unforgiving. She had always been a sparkle of health doing daily morning brisk walks and eating mostly vegetables and fish with very little oil and lots of fruit, but still despite the clean health record from the Doctors, she died suddenly when her heart stopped without warning.
Instead of taking prescribed drugs from the Doctors which could potentially lead to other problems, let alone side effects and what not, I am now healing with only these natural supplements and it has been very positive.
My husband also stayed behind to be with me so my mother-in-law and father-in-law took Ashton on the trip. Your tummy is okay?” Second day, he asked: “Mommy why so long you aren’t here yet?” I had to explain to him again that I told him I cannot go and he sounded disappointed. We had a great time with the orphans and I am very glad that Amber Chia Academy and Pensonic supported this campaign. He keeps asking me, “How many days are there to Christmas?” Christmas and his birthday are the 2 occasions that he looks forward to the most.
It is not entirely stroller friendly as there are a couple of bumpy rides but overall, a stroller comes in handy especially with younger toddlers. Had we been at school, the most we could have taken off would be 2-3 weeks but since we weren’t at school, 5 weeks was our Haven. With all this time, the world was their oyster and they only needed to drown themselves in anything that they wished. Unfortunately for us, this was also a year that my Mother-in-Law passed away, my Mother passed away and the diagnosis of my heart disease happened, all within this last 2 months.
It is nourishment for their soul to find themselves and it is only when you know who you are that you can truly succeed in this amazing world. We had no internet connection and relied only on the hotels’ wifi (which we didn’t book any, except Reyjavik’s), a GPS and our travel book. We went to the district which is famous for the hidden valley of elves, fairies, and puffin!
I think it is because of the different experiences they had while they were in Iceland - rivers, waterfalls, larva field, fjords, valleys, hills, glaciers, icebergs, beaches, lagoons, towns, villages, and many more. We went back to Keflavik, had a little rest before catching our flight back to Kuala Lumpur via Amsterdam at 2.30 o’clock in the morning. What was most important thing was the kids: as long as they enjoyed themselves, the whole trip would be the best we ever had. Ashton will be turning four soon, at the end of this month and it’s time for me to plan for baby number two.
It is a different stage of motherhood, a different set of experience and I enjoy every moment of it. Recently, I asked him to try on a wig so that we can have an idea of how his sister will look like. I think it became a habit from the time he was little when I would ask him about his day without fail. Sometimes when I ask him about a certain character, he will go to Youtube and tell me the history. Are you supposed to read this to traumatized children after they’ve been part of a satanic ritual? The results of the evaluation are then used to adjust the program to make it more effective, and the cycle begins again. Other resources include the CSAP Prevention Platform, a set of program development, implementation, and evaluation tools, the CSAP and SAMSHA websites and other best practices. Those who are interested in implementing SPF on their own can expect a certain amount of technical assistance and guidance from the CSAP and SAMHSA websites, but little else. States may distribute their SIG’s to smaller organizations in communities, but the amount of money available is still relatively modest, and not all states have these grants. It’s important to convince the community that a prevention effort is vital to its long-term health.
If the public understands that, prevention can become the mode of choice when addressing a population’s risk and protective factors.
An ongoing substance abuse prevention program can affect what happens next year, but can have even more serious effects on what happens in 20 years. They are required to involve all stakeholders from the beginning, and that implies a much broader range of people. Universal programs are geared toward a whole community or part of a community, even though everyone they reach is not necessarily at risk for substance abuse.
Who would be served in this case would be everyone the program could reach, in the hope of establishing community norms that work toward prevention, and alerting the community to existing risk factors. Adolescence, or just before, is also the typical age for people to start using alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. That doesn’t change the number of non-dependent teens killed or injured in alcohol- and drug-related motor vehicle or other accidents, or the amount of emotional and property damage they may cause or suffer while under the influence. Smoking during pregnancy can be responsible for low birth weight and other problems for the baby, over and above its effects on the mother herself.
They may be overmedicated, or their medications may interact with one another or with alcohol to produce apparent dementia or other symptoms. Substance abuse in the homeless population is also often tied to physical and mental health issues leading to the misuse of various medications prescribed for physical and psychological conditions, or self-medication with alcohol or narcotics to dull the emotional or physical pain of mental or physical illness. If it’s a small, community-based organization, or a coalition of such organizations, it may well have to rely on volunteers and on inexpensive techniques, and to focus more narrowly, unless members of the workgroup are able to provide financial and other resources. Participant observation could mean riding or walking a beat with a police officer, getting to know drug dealers or runners, or actually making a buy. Local agencies, the National Institutes of Health (of which CSAP is a part), the Department of Health and Human Services, state youth service departments – all may have collected information on substance use in your community that’s just waiting for you to look up.
Your first tasks in that case may be to get the community to that point, and to involve it in planning.
You may want to focus on a more manageable population, or a different issue – alcohol use as opposed to crack, for example – that you can be successful with, and thereby build your capacity to take on something more formidable.
Whatever the overlap or lack of overlap, team members should represent all sectors of the community. At least some risk and protective factors may also have been identified in the course of the community assessment, and in evaluating community readiness. You might be able to rid your own neighborhood or community of drugs, but that doesn’t mean you’ve eliminated, or even reduced, their availability. If the program you’ve chosen speaks directly to your community and your population, there is no real reason not to implement it just as its creators did. It’s often easy to skip steps or to ignore the plan, but those almost always lose you time, cost you extra money, or simply make getting the program off the ground much more difficult. Almost all funding is time-limited (often to a year, or even less), so the need for new or continuing sources never really ends. You’ll have to find another way to affect those factors, or determine whether you were simply not implementing the program properly. In that case, you’ll have to decide whether you were addressing the wrong risk and protective factors (and which ones you should address), or whether there’s another way to reach your goals. Protective factors, on the other hand, are those elements in the individual or his environment that make it easier or more likely for him to avoid substance abuse.The assumption is that if you can reduce or weaken risk factors and strengthen protective factors in a population or community, its members are less likely to experience substance abuse problems. Appendix A contains links to sources of further information on domestic violence in Australia.
Some 14 per cent of females, compared with three per cent of males, indicated that they had been sexually assaulted.
Some 75 per cent of women spoke to someone else about a violent incident involving an intimate partner.[95] Most spoke to a friend, a neighbour or an immediate family member.
So, we narrowed it down to Hong Kong (as they have Disneyland there), Japan (Disneyland too, but main language is in Japanese) and Australia (heard good reviews from people who travelled there with young children).
Generally, the people there are ever willing to give an extra hand and give way to people with strollers. We also managed to visit the SeaLife Aquarium, spent some time at the DFO South Wharf by Yarra River. We of course pray that it never happens, but is it not wise to just be prepared even if a little? This is also something I have done before and is a good way to earn if you do not like moving about. Actually, I should start this business on what to recommend for Stay-At-Home-Moms to do to earn an income! Instead of spending every waking moment in front of the TV, spend some time actually building something for yourself. If you consume it in very low quantities, you can probably get away with it, but if you are a regular consumer of processed food, at some point in your life or your child’s life, there are bound to be consequences.
If you have poor circulation, certain parts of your body will start deteriorating and over time, disease sets in. However, if you can be diligent to juice several times daily in order to make up for the lack of nutrients that your body requires, then you could almost negate the supplements but honestly, how many of us have the time to juice 6-7 times a day on top of eating 3 meals that are filled with several dishes of fruit and vegetables? Sometimes, it is a struggle, “Mommy I don’t like Chinese!” I think he is picking up Mandarin well. For the first few days, he kept asking and looking for the iPad & tab – pining like a lost lover! Nooh is now 3-years young, and every time we look at him, we know we’ll miss his baby face and cheekiness when he eventually goes off to college to pursue his studies.
I have led a life of over indulgence eating lots of sugary desserts and chocolate, and I literally ate anything I wanted to as nobody slapped me into consciousness. I have much more energy as a busy Stay-At-Home-Mom now (previously I would collapse in exhaustion whenever my Oxygen levels were low and sleep during the day for up to 4 hours) and I haven’t had a bout of chest pain since.
By choice, we did not visit all the touristy sites in Europe because we decided from the start that this was a children’s trip to experience another continent, the weather, the food, the people, learn about currencies, and to observe most of all how people lived other than in our home country. We attended the Home schooling Sports Day which was completely different from a typical school’s sports day where the community just stuck together with support and trust with everyone seen helping one another and not being at competition with each other. When you truly know yourself, you get to dictate your own terms on how you will live your life and not have the urge to compare yourself and your life to anyone else like the majority of people do. This makes me realise that there is a reason for everything and had we not taken a gap year, the stress of these changes might have flung me towards a nervous breakdown. We wanted to discover Iceland’s glory for ourselves and decided that the best way to explore the country was on a road trip.
During that flight, the man who sat next to me would not allow us to change seats with him despite my child crying in front of him. It was 11 o’clock and supposedly near midnight in our country but thanks to the midnight sun, it was bright as day. I have been trying to conceive for a year and I thought a relaxing holiday may well do the trick. The other day, he told me, “Mommy, it is okay to have a boy” because I am used to comforting him with, “Ashton, it is okay…” whenever he is not happy with something. For those that lack resources, this may not be enough to make it possible to use the framework.
Selective programs are intended to reach at-risk groups: particular populations, neighborhoods, age groups, or cultures.
If they can be persuaded not to start at all, or to delay until they’re mature enough to understand what they’re doing and what the results might be, the chances of their using and abusing these substances are greatly reduced. If all a prevention program does is to convince kids to think for a second before they act, it will have performed an enormous community service.
Although the effects have not been as carefully studied as those of alcohol and tobacco, drug use – particularly of heroin and amphetamines – appears to pose dangers to fetal development as well.
The range really depends on what you’re looking for, and what you and others involved in the assessment are capable of.
Once community members understand the concept of prevention and see the need for it locally, it’s more than likely they’ll support and participate in your effort. The team’s composition should be as diverse and inclusive as possible, crossing racial, ethnic, class age, gender, and other dividing lines, so that everyone in the community feels that her point of view can be heard. You don’t have to, and shouldn’t, spend every minute in pursuit of funds and other resources. Changes have to be maintained, and that means continuing at least some of the major elements of your prevention program for as long as substance abuse remains a problem in society. Most males (89 per cent) and females (67 per cent) who were victims of physical assault reported that the offender was male. It is similar to a science centre; older children would be able to relate more on the exhibits. We learnt how to take a train to Brighton Beach where the famous colourful bathing boxes are located (those boxes are basically storage space for surfers). One would go mental and seriously lose a lot of self-esteem plus not to mention that once the kids leave the nest, you’d be crippled.
I’m too lazy to bake these days so I’d most likely order from you instead if your cake tastes good.
If you are interested, send me your CV and tell me what you like to do and I will find you a work from home job based on your interests, your time that you want to put in versus how much money you would like to make.
Processed food contain food preservatives, additives, fillers, food conditioners and flavourings, or you would not be able to keep them in your pantry for more than a few days. Because it not only feeds our already existing but dormant cancer cells within our body but overworks our pancreas and gallbladder into producing excessive insulin. Exercise will also strengthen bones and build muscles, keep a healthy heart and give you overall great health.
Of course there is a thing as too much water so the correct amount to drink per person is based on their weight in pounds (lbs) divided by 2 in ounces (oz). Sleep is the time when our cells regenerate and heal, so if you sleep very little, there is very little opportunity for your cells to do a thorough and complete cell renewal process. And as much as I tried to diffuse situations, it was only me in the end that ended up getting burnt to charcoal. The lesson learnt is that if you have spent quality time with your loved ones continuously, the tragedy of loss will be much easier on the heart.
I was an emotional eater too and that didn’t help so it was a very bad habit, this daily eating bad food habit. I am praying very hard that these supplements will heal my heart so well that I will not have to go for an open heart surgery as the Doctors have suggested. Some just want their kids to get into the working world as fast as possible to either be ahead of their peers or to start earning as early as possible. From the batch of my classmates and peers, I’d say less than 50% are performing what they graduated in. It was an amazingly rich experience for us just spending the whole 35 days as a family unit moving from city to city, having to make decisions, compromise and spend quality time with host families in every country. The kids got to participate in story telling sessions, yoga classes, baking classes, started Capoeira classes, went ice-skating, made an array of new dishes in the kitchen, learnt how to prepare a full dinner without my intervention, visited Bank Negara, the National Musuem, etc and you know what? Having this time out of school undeniably has given my girls a chance to get to know themselves better. I have to really study all the cartoon characters as Ashton is getting more knowledgeable about the cartoons than me.
Indicated programs serve referred individuals who have been identified as at high risk for substance abuse. An effective prevention program can eliminate a lifetime of difficulty for both mother and child.
Worst of all, these issues are seldom raised by health professionals, social workers, and others who work with older people, and may go unrecognized.
You should, however, be aware of the program’s needs, take advantage of opportunities that arise, seek new and maintain good relations with current funding sources, and always be preparing documentation and other materials for funding and other requests.
It’s a great tool for many reasons but is reading and posting about what you ate yesterday going to change your life? They are stuck because they never had the forethought to keep something for themselves and when shits hit the fan, they are well and truly stuck with not enough options.
Whenever we consume sugar, our body produces a spurt of insulin to balance out our body’s blood sugar level.
For example, take a heavy, large me who is 80kg which is 176lbs, divide that by 2 to make 88 ounces, which is the amount of water for my body to function optimally, which converted into litres is 2.64 litres.
So when’re you can, do sleep and best by 11pm because that is the best time the body starts its healing work.
Where are you?” It can be frustrating at times when I am busy at events but I enjoy the sweet feeling that he misses me. The ring is not my style but I love it and wear it because it was given to me by my beloved son. At that moment, I saw a different side of my son, the expressive side and the confident side.
I truly think now that if you want your kids to love school, to give them a year out and keep them at home but do NOTHING with them until they get so bored that they are begging to go back to school. I am thankful that we did just that and so although we are terribly saddened by their deaths, we are not crippled and celebrate their passing with continuing their legacies in our daily living. And suddenly last year, when I least expected it just before my Mother passed away, I had a bout of chest pain and was diagnosed with heart disease. Another blessing is that I found a business that I could run from home and am exploring other business opportunities too! I want him to know that there are children who are not as fortunate as him,  children who do not have parents but are still able to stay positive.
Some did a degree of their parent’s choice because they just couldn’t decide and didn’t know how to decide, some are just going with the flow and carrying on with the degrees they’d graduated with.
It has given them a quiet confidence that no school could ever instil as it is a solo journey of self-discovery. He can also explain somewhat the meaning of words – “Surprise is when you see something and you are happy” and “Disgusting is when the people are very ugly”.
When I asked him to tell me bed time stories instead, he insists that it is Mommy’s job to do that.
Prevention programs can raise and address them, and lead to a longer and more productive and satisfying later life.
Just as the best treatment for substance abuse is to prevent it in the first place, the best remedy for a crisis over resources is to prevent it from arising. You could have your own definition but better still if whatever you do actually contributed to the family income, wouldn’t that be fantastic? It takes many years of experience to know what works and what doesn’t and I have experimented with various blogs to learn all that.
Over time, our body becomes insulin resistance and despite the pancreas producing more insulin, it no longer works to remove the sugar from our blood.
However if you exercise or are active and sweat a lot, then there is no harm drinking a little more than your recommended water intake. If you have work to do, wake early to do it even at 4am, but sleep early rather than sleep late.
It is not that I have no confidence in him but he is such an active character, always bouncing about, moving and learning ever so quickly that I am amazed he could listen to the drama teacher’s instructions pretty well.
Just be the politician and be nice to everyone even if you do not really agree with what others do. Some people are not so fortunate and feel a deep sense of regret, sometimes for the rest of their lives.
I hope he continues with this habit in future as I want to be able to give him proper advice when required. When I asked him about his China trip, he told me, “Boring, Mommy!”  I am looking forward to our little family holiday trip. I am very grateful that my kids had this opportunity to give themselves the time and love for the things they are truly passionate about. We grabbed a couple of souvenirs at Paddy’s Market for decent prices and our kids were overjoyed with their new kangaroo and platypus soft toys. I’m just saying out of the very little time that you already have, spend a portion of it doing something productive. Like it or not, we will die without water and water contains good Hydrogen that will repair and cleanse out our defective cells known as free radicals from the body. I want to spend as much time as possible with him so I try to cut down on my trips and travel.
So listen up, if you have not been spending quality time with your loved ones, start now because they can go.
Happy with sticking to our core degrees and spending the rest of our lives making a living out of it? Free radicals are defective cells that get produced from bad food, stress, environmental pollutants, smells, creams, pollution, and the mere act of breathing because our body is like a car and cars produce fumes as a by product from burning fuel.
If any of you are Stay-At-Home-Moms and want to have something for yourself apart from children and the household only, there are definitely options that you could explore.
Time to come home.” I am touched that he misses me so much but sometimes I feel helpless, not being able to have him understand why I cannot be with him. However, most people aren’t consuming sugar after a long workout and their livers are already full of glycogen. And I believe that even if you had the most forward thinking women in a group, this problem will still surface. It is a big problem because now, not only have we lost a source of big income, we have an extra expense – HOSPITAL BILLS!!! So please, please, please, make a conscious decision on how you will be improving your lifestyle health-wise today.
Some of this fat gets shipped out, but a part of it remains in the liver and builds up over time and you get Liver Disease.
Eating sugar also increases bad cholesterol and triglycerides and can contribute to Leptin resistance which will then cause weight gain, cravings, sleep problems and such. Eating sugar will create an addictive sugar response in the brain plus it doesn’t fill you up and instead encourages you to eat more.



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Comments to «Help child with low self esteem 1965»

  1. JaguaR writes:
    Foundational exercises for capacity to undergo this world the motion of God's Spirit in our lives.
  2. QuSHBaZ writes:
    Earth, Launch emotional issues from the previous, Align together.
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