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19.11.2015
The agricultural sector represents 35% of India’s Gross National Product (GNP) and therefore plays a crucial role in the country’s development. Climate change can affect crop yields (both positively and negatively), as well as the types of crops that can be grown in certain areas, by impacting agricultural inputs such as water for irrigation, amounts of solar radiation that affect plant growth, as well as the prevalence of pests. Scientists at IARI (The Indian Agriculture Research Institute) have studied the subject and have used a variety of crop growth models to evaluate potential climate change impacts on wheat and rice (India’s primary crops), and other crops such as sorghum and maize. Though no immediate adverse impact of global warming is visible in India, experts feel the country should draw sharp strategy to deal with the long-term effects of climate change on agriculture. However, programs like Macro Management of Agriculture, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna, National Food Security Mission, National Horticulture Mission and National Mission on Micro Irrigation are already in place to make Indian agriculture climate resilient, by embedding various adaptation measures. The Lowest known point on earth is called Challenger deep and is located in the pacific ocean near.. The owner of the farm, 27-year old David Asiamah also owns over 5,000 birds in his farm at Soko in the Offinso Municipality.
After months of investing time and resources in the farm, he was amazed with the fruit of his labour-half grown plant with no corns on them. But the story is different at Amanchia, a farming community in the Atwima Nwabiagya District of the Ashanti region where maize farmers have succeeded against the odds of the weather.
He owns about 200 acres of farm on which he grows diverse crops in all seasons, including dry seasons.
He cultivated about 6 acres of maize on part of his land to prepare the land ahead of the cocoa planting season.
He planted about two weeks after David did at a time when the rains had refused to come down. In times of little or no rain, the mulch conserves the little moisture for the use of the plant. Unlike David, Kofi Buah didn’t lose his invested resources on the maize land though he didn’t get the expected yield. He has been practicing this type of farming for close to five years and the result is tremendous.
Minkah Fordjour, Ashanti Regional director for the agriculture has been busing his extension officers and some farmers to the place to observe, learn and apply. He has therefore called on Ministry of Food and Agriculture to assist the centre to scale up the facility to across the major farming areas in the country. ABOUT USNews Ghana is Ghana’s leading online news publication for business executives in West Africa and around the continent. Not long into the New Year and already a new warning about climate change and rising sea levels. A new scientific study, published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change, is warning that climate change may be affecting the vast Greenland ice sheet more seriously than previously thought. Traditionally the huge Greenland ice sheet, which NASA estimates is losing an estimated 287 billion tons of ice every year, has also been seen by scientists as a “sponge” for glacier meltwater. But new research has found that the ice sheet could be losing this ability to act as a sponge.
An international team of scientists have been spent the last few years examining “firn,” the porous snow cover which overlays dense glacier ice near the surface.
Because the research “overturned the idea that firn can behave as a nearly bottomless sponge to absorb meltwater,” this means that Greenland’s projected sea level rise due to meltwater runoff is likely higher than previously predicted. What is deeply concerning is that other ice-sheets are also covered in firn too, which also may react adversely to climate change. Ontario Regional Chief Isadore Day ateends a news conference at the Ontario Legislature in Toronto on Wednesday, September 9. OTTAWA a€” Wonky weather conditions are prompting aboriginal leaders to raise concerns about the impact of climate change on winter roads, which serve as lifelines for food, fuel and other necessities in several northern communities. Isadore Day, the Ontario regional chief for the Assembly of First Nations, said the reliability of the northern winter road network is in jeopardy in his province. The problem exemplifies why there was outcry from First Nations during the recent COP21 climate change summit in Paris, Day said. There has been a long-standing push for permanent roads but climate change has made the issue much more pressing, he noted. The federal Liberal government is open to examining the impacts of the issue to allow for a long-term strategy to be developed, Bennett added.
Use the controls in the far right panel to increase or decrease the number of terms automatically displayed (or to completely turn that feature off). Posted on 16 May 2013 by dana1981, John CookA new survey of over 12,000 peer-reviewed climate science papers by our citizen science team at Skeptical Science has found a 97% consensus among papers taking a position on the cause of global warming in the peer-reviewed literature that humans are responsible. Once we finished the 24,000+ ratings, we went back and checked the abstracts where there were disagreements.
Based on our abstract ratings, we found that just over 4,000 papers expressed a position on the cause of global warming, 97.1% of which endorsed human-caused global warming. However, according to the author self-ratings, nearly two-thirds of the papers in our survey do express a position on the subject somewhere in the paper. Several studies have shown that people who correctly perceive the scientific consensus on human-caused global warming are more likely to support government action to curb greenhouse gas emissions. We chose to submit our paper to Environmental Research Letters because it is a well-respected, high-impact journal, but also because it offers the option of making a paper available by open access, meaning that for an up-front fee, the paper can be made free for anybody to download.
To pay the open access fee, in keeping with the citizen science approach, we asked for donations from Skeptical Science readers.


We fully anticipate that some climate contrarians will respond by saying "we don't dispute that humans cause some global warming." First of all, there are a lot of people who do dispute that there is a consensus that humans cause any global warming. Second, we did look for papers that quantify the human contribution to global warming, and most are not that specific. Many studies simply defer to the expert summary of climate science research put together by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which states that most of the global warming since the mid-20th century has been caused by humans. Of the papers that specifically examine the human and natural causes of global warming, virtually all conclude that humans are the dominant cause over the past 50 to 100 years. Net human and natural percent contributions to the observed global surface warming over the past 50-65 years according to Tett et al. Most studies simply accept this fact and go on to examine the consequences of this human-caused global warming and associated climate change. Quite possibly the most important thing to communicate about climate change is that there is a 97% consensus amongst the scientific experts and scientific research that humans are causing global warming. Albatross at 09:26 AM on 16 May, 2013I agree with you that this disagreement among 'skeptics' should be more stressed. A huge amount of work; well done!It's remarkable to see in black and white numbers how isolated contrarians have made themselves. Firstly, only a third of the abstracts stated a position on whether mankind was the principle cause of recent warming.
Whether human activity is causing the majority of recent warming is not a political question, it is a scientific question. Michel, look at the top left of this page below 'Most used climate myths', number 4 (guess that one will be updated :) ). Michel, Wikipedia describes scientific concensus as "Scientific consensus is the collective judgment, position, and opinion of the community of scientists in a particular field of study. HJones: Your paraphrase of my statement misrepresents my statement which you quote directly below it. That’s a question I had always wondered about.  When we think about climate change, or global warming, we often visualize an image like a polar bear precariously balanced on a small floating patch of ice but, in the bigger picture, can it affect our own health? Unfortunately, there are many ways that are often overlooked and never even discussed when we consider climate change.  The change in global temperature can have long-term effects on human health because it affects the food we eat, the diseases we get, the disorders we develop, the air we breathe and the water we drink… all the things essential to a healthy body. Greenhouse gasses can cause respiratory issues and more severe problems for asthma suffers because plants will actually produce more allergens when temperatures increase. Extra heat creates more ground-level ozone, and increases pollution, which creates added stress for our heart and lungs.
Rising temperatures can increase the range of infectious parasites and therefore increase the rate and severity of infectious diseases.
Weather extremes will increase, resulting in intense heat waves or bouts of bitter cold, resulting in cardiovascular and respiratory disorders. Water supplies are reduced along with the quality of water, coupled with an increase of water-borne illnesses.
Research has shown that bugs, plants, animals are all literally moving closer to the poles to escape the increases in heat.  Tropical fish have even been found off the coast of Long Island, New York, because of the rise in water temperature. The next time someone rejects the idea of climate change affecting their lives, remind them that our environment can’t change without changing us too! This entry was posted in Environment, Global warming, Health, Opposition views, Preservation, Sustainability, Un-green by Doreen.
There are so many more facets of going green in the modern day, and the definition of the term reaches far beyond simple recycling. However, there is a popular misconception that "going green" will "cost you green." We're inundated with green products, eco-friendly formulas, organics and mountains of options, making it seem that going green is an investment rather than an opportunity.
Well, I'm here to help dispel that myth and actually show you all of the ways you can live green, keep your family healthy, and benefit the environment without sacrificing anything, including your money.
When you make wise choices to gain the most benefit, relieve the burden on the environment, and save money to use elsewhere, everyone wins. Put these tips into action, and you will soon find that you can "save green" while you "go green"! So while the magnitude of impact of climate change on agriculture in India varies greatly by region, it is still believed to impact agricultural productivity and shifting crop patterns gradually each year. And these changes in agriculture could then affect food security, trade policy, livelihood activities and water conservation issues, impacting large portions of the population in India. This study based on models shows that the changes in temperature, CO2 levels, precipitation, and solar radiation are the major factors affecting the agro sector. It serves as mulch and retains the little moisture available in the soil and prevents it from evaporating. Firn is seen as crucial is capturing melt-water runoff before it enters the ocean adding to sea-level rise. They discovered that an extreme melt which occurred in 2012 caused a thick layer of ice to form on top of the firn layer.
Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp.
For example, a study which takes it for granted that global warming will continue for the foreseeable future could easily be put into the implicit endorsement category; there is no reason to expect global warming to continue indefinitely unless humans are causing it.
If the disagreement about a given paper couldn't be settled by the two initial raters, a third person acted as the tie-breaker. Team members' home countries included Australia, USA, Canada, UK, New Zealand, Germany, Finland, and Italy.


Unlike our team's ratings that only considered the summary of each paper presented in the abstract, the scientists considered the entire paper in the self-ratings. In the self-ratings, nearly 1,400 papers were rated as taking a position, 97.2% of which endorsed human-caused global warming. The slow rate reflects that there has been little room to grow, because the consensus on human-caused global warming has generally always been over 90% since 1991. In trying to achieve "balance", the media has actually created a very unbalanced perception of reality. This was important to us, because we want our results to be as accessible and transparent as possible. We received over 50 donations in less than 10 hours to fully crowd-fund the $1,600 open access cost. However, as noted above, if a paper minimized the human contribution, we classified that as a rejection. A team of volunteers, contributing significant amounts of their personal time - an accomplishment to be proud of. Will see how long this simple fix takes him.Everyone in climate blog circles (I guess also most climate scientists) know Dana. The 'skeptics' that say otherwise are backed up by basically no research that was good enough to pass peer review.The evidence for man-made global warming is far too strong to throw out, but on some of the other details we might find more interesting answers if we get the chance to expand this sort of analysis.
It began, as a little girl, when I helped my mom gather the recyclables and deliver them to a recycling center. My life is far from being as green as I would like it to be, but I’m trying…and I’m learning.
If you choose not to receive email from us, you can use the unsubscribe link in the email, and we will happily remove your address from our email list. From them on, he resolved to cultivate maize on his 4 acre land to save him from the huge cost of feeding every year. The scientists wanted to see how climate change was affecting the firn layer’s ability to hold water.
However, unless an abstract included (either implicit or explicit) language about the cause of the warming, we categorized it as 'no position'. For example, would you expect every geological paper to note in its abstract that the Earth is a spherical body that orbits the sun?
Nevertheless, in both the abstract ratings and self-ratings, we found that the consensus has grown to about 98% as of 2011.
As a result, people believe scientists are still split about what's causing global warming, and therefore there is not nearly enough public support or motivation to solve the problem. For example, if a paper were to say "the sun caused most of the global warming over the past century," that would be included in the less than 3% of papers in the rejection categories.
If you accept that humans are causing global warming, as over 97% of peer-reviewed scientific papers do, then this conclusion should not be at all controversial. And to get such a large number of scientists to participate by rating their own papers - that in itself is an indication of the respect that active climate scientists give to the team and the leadership of John Cook.And kudos to the rush of SkS readers that provided the funds (10 hours!) to make the paper Open Access.
But many papers with the appropriate keywords in the title only deal with parts of the question.
To argue that papers which do not address the question should be counted as 'undecided' in quantifying the level of consensus is preposterous.
It continues today, as a mom myself, when I teach my own children those same responsible virtues.
Further, the kharif (monsoon season) rainfall is expected to increase in most places whereas rabi rainfall may decrease in some areas. People will defer to the judgment of experts, and they trust climate scientists on the subject of global warming. 2007 (S07, light green), Lean and Rind 2008 (LR08, purple), Huber and Knutti 2011 (HK11, light blue), Gillett et al. For example a paper on measuring the global warming signal in the instrumental temperature record may say nothing about the cause. From food choices, to cleaning your home, to saving money on your monthly utility bills and consumption; the choices are vast. Thus it is expected that a significant proportion of the papers will have no position on the question. Including such papers is as meaningful as including all the papers on the colours of butterfly wings.It sounds to me like most papers are scientifically proper and did not take a postition on political issues. This is confirmed by the scientists' responses compared with ours: more than half of our 'no position' abstracts were rated as 'endorsement' by the scientists who actually wrote the papers! The failure of even heliocentrism and the theory that the Earth is round to command a concensus by Michel's definition shows just how pointless it is. A few 'no positions' were rated as 'rejection' by the authors too, but on average the scientists rated 0.6 classifications closer to endorsement than we did, on the 7-point classification scale.



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