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11.10.2014
The technique -- integrative body-mind training (IBMT) -- has been the focus of intense scrutiny by a team of Chinese researchers led by Yi-Yuan Tang of Dalian University of Technology in collaboration with University of Oregon psychologist Michael I. IBMT was adapted from traditional Chinese medicine in the 1990s in China, where it is practiced by thousands of people. A type of magnetic resonance called diffusion tensor imaging allowed researchers to examine fibers connecting brain regions before and after training. In 2007 in PNAS, Tang, a visiting scholar at the UO, and Posner documented that doing IBMT for five days prior to a mental math test led to low levels of the stress hormone cortisol among Chinese students. In 2009 in PNAS, Tang and Chinese colleagues, with assistance from Posner and UO psychology professor Mary K.
The latter findings suggested the possibility that additional training might trigger structural changes in the brain, leading to the new research, Tang and Posner said.
Deficits in activation of the anterior cingulate cortex have been associated with attention deficit disorder, dementia, depression, schizophrenia and many other disorders.
In their conclusion, the researchers wrote that the new findings suggest a use of IBMT as a vehicle for understanding how training influences brain plasticity. Co-authors with Tang and Posner on the new PNAS paper were Qilin Lu of the Dalian University of Technology and Xiujuan Geng, Elliot A. UO prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national or ethnic origin, age, religion, marital status, disability, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression in all programs, activities and employment practices as required by Title IX, other applicable laws, and policies. Undergraduate students at the University of Oregon (UO) are currently being taught an attention-changing and stress-reducing body-mind technique that was adapted in the 1990s in China from ancient medicinal practices. In a study published in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences in October 2007, researchers Yi-Yuan Tang, a UO professor, and Michael Posner, a UO psychologist, showed that doing IBMT for a few minutes before a math test contributed to significantly reducing the amounts of the stress hormone cortisol in students in the test group, as opposed to control subjects. We will be provided with an authorization token (please note: passwords are not shared with us) and will sync your accounts for you. Asymmetry in frontal electrical activity has been reported to be associated with positive mood. Since late 1970s, frontal EEG asymmetry has had widespread use in measuring individual differences in emotional state. However, previous studies have used EEG with low spatial resolution and have not involved an active control group. Forty right-handed Chinese undergraduates at Dalian University of Technology without any training experience and a history of psychiatric or neurological conditions were recruited. Participants received 30-min of IBMT or relaxation training from Monday through Friday, with a total of 2.5 h training. Single photon emission computed tomography neuroimaging data were acquired on a double head detector of GE HAWK EYE SPECT system (Millenium VG, GE Healthcare) from all participants before and after a 5-days IBMT or relaxation training. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM1) was applied to evaluate whole brain CBF differences between these two groups.
Imaging results showed that two groups did not differ in frontal CBF asymmetry before training (p > 0.05). Consistent with our previous studies, short-term IBMT improves CBF in the midfrontal lobe and insula compared to the relaxation training (Tang et al., 2007, 2009). Our study, using the frontal asymmetry analysis, indicated only a few hours of training increases left-sided CBF asymmetry in both groups but IBMT’s increase is greater than that of relaxation training. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
It is now being taught to undergraduates involved in research on the method at the University of Oregon.
16 ahead of regular publication in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences -- involved 45 UO students (28 males and 17 females); 22 subjects received IBMT while 23 participants were in a control group that received the same amount of relaxation training. The changes were strongest in connections involving the anterior cingulate, a brain area related to the ability to regulate emotions and behavior.


The experimental group also showed lower levels of anxiety, depression, anger and fatigue than students in a relaxation control group. Rothbart, found that IBMT subjects in China had increased blood flow in the right anterior cingulate cortex after receiving training for 20 minutes a day over five days. The researchers currently are extending their evaluation to determine if longer exposure to IBMT will produce positive changes in the size of the anterior cingulate. The practice avoids struggles to control thought, relying instead on a state of restful alertness, allowing for a high degree of body-mind awareness while receiving instructions from a coach, who provides breath-adjustment guidance and mental imagery and other techniques while soothing music plays in the background. Stein and Yihong Yang, all of the National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program in Baltimore, Md. The method, called integrative body-mind training (IBMT), can yield visible results in little more than five days, and is entirely based on techniques devised by ancient Chinese medicine practitioners, most likely the same people that invented acupuncture some 6,000 years ago.
Lower levels of anxiety, depression, anger and fatigue were also recorded in the test group. This means that you will not need to remember your user name and password in the future and you will be able to login with the account you choose to sync, with the click of a button. This page doesn't support Internet Explorer 6, 7 and 8.Please upgrade your browser or activate Google Chrome Frame to improve your experience.
One form of mindfulness meditation, integrative body-mind training (IBMT) improves positive mood and neuroplasticity.
For example, 8-weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction, in comparison to a wait-list control, increased left-sided lateralization of alpha power and decreased negative affect (Davidson et al., 2003). To our knowledge, only one single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging study reported a marginal significant left frontal asymmetry of cerebral blood flow (CBF) but this study involved a sample of 12 long-term meditators compared to normal controls (Newberg et al., 2010) and was not a randomized test with an active control. IBMT involves body relaxation, mental imagery, and mindfulness training, guided by an IBMT coach and compact disk. Participants were instructed to stay in a quiet dark room with eyes closed and ears unoccluded for 10 min, and then they were injected with 25 mCi of 99mTc-ECD. All images were normalized to the SPECT template in SPM, and then 8 mm Gaussian kernel was used to smooth these images. CBF of the prefrontal regions, including inferior, middle, and superior frontal gyrus were extracted.
After training, the IBMT group showed significantly better scores in positive and negative affect in comparison with the RT group; IBMT group (not RT) also showed significant post vs.
Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) activation results in integrative body-mind training (IBMT) group (after vs.
Given the low spatial resolution of EEG, it remains to be elusive whether the brain regions involved in these studies are the same.
However, both IBMT and relaxation training increase frontal asymmetry significantly, although IBMT has a somewhat larger increase.
16, 2010) -- Just 11 hours of learning a meditation technique induces positive structural changes in brain connectivity by boosting efficiency in a part of the brain that helps a person regulate behavior in accordance with their goals, researchers report. The experiments involved the use of brain-imaging equipment in the UO's Robert and Beverly Lewis Center for Neuroimaging. The changes were observed only in those who practiced meditation and not in the control group.
Compared with the relaxation group, IBMT subjects also had lower heart rates and skin conductance responses, increased belly breathing amplitude and decreased chest respiration rates. Thought control is achieved gradually through posture, relaxation, body-mind harmony and balanced breathing. Questions may be referred to the Title IX Coordinator, Office of Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity, or to the Office for Civil Rights.
He argued that practicing IBMT altered blood flow and electrical activity in the human brain, and that the technique also changed the breathing quality and even skin conductance.


This method appears to have benefit for the modern society where the pace is fast,” Tang shared about the benefits brought forth by the new relaxation technique. The purpose of this study is to determine whether short-term IBMT improves mood and induces frontal asymmetry. Another study suggested 5-weeks of meditation shifts EEG asymmetry toward a pattern associated with positive emotion compared to a waiting-list control although there was no significant difference between the two groups (Moyer et al., 2011). Thus, we set out to apply brain imaging to investigate the CBF asymmetry induced by short-term training in a relatively large sample of 40 undergraduates with a random assignment to IBMT or relaxation training groups. Cooperation between the body and the mind is emphasized in facilitating and achieving a meditative state. Two groups’ data were compared using two sample t-test with ANCOVA for removing global effect.
Left: significant frontal laterality differences in integrative body-mind training (IBMT) and relaxation groups. In our study both meditation and relaxation resulted in increased left lateralization, but only IBMT changed mood and brain activity in ACC and insula associated with self-control, consistent with our series of research (Tang et al., 2007, 2009, 2010). The IBMT group has better overall mood state following training, but it is not clear if the brain differences found in this study are the cause of the changes in affect and mood.
The changes in connectivity began after six hours of training and became clear by 11 hours of practice. Contact information, related policies, and complaint procedures are listed on the statement of non-discrimination. We hypothesize that IBMT could improve left frontal CBF at resting state, which may underlie the promotion of positive emotion. These results suggested that short-term IBMT induced higher positive mood and lower negative mood states than relaxation training.
The IBMT group revealed larger laterality indexes that implied greater left frontal CBF lateralization, compared to relaxation group after training, but the group × session interaction was not significant.
After training a significant between-group differences were observed and IBMT group performed better in mood states than relaxation group. The researchers said it is possible the changes resulted from a reorganization of white-matter tracts or by an increase of myelin that surrounds the connections. The results showed that both IBMT and relaxation training increased left laterality of CBF, but only IBMT improved CBF in left ACC and insula, critical brain areas in self-regulation. However, we did not find a significant difference in the group by time of testing interaction in mood.
Issues and assumptions on the road from raw signals to metrics of frontal EEG asymmetry in emotion.
Relaxation training involves the relaxing of different muscle groups over the face, head, shoulders, arms, legs, chest, back, and abdomen, etc., guided by a tutor and compact disk. Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. With eyes closed and in a sequential pattern, one is forced to concentrate on the sensation of relaxation such as the feelings of warmth and heaviness. These findings could also be due to power considerations and sensitivity of imaging techniques (Gatzke-Kopp et al., 2001), but with 20 participants per group our study has a larger number than most imaging studies. This progressive training helps the participant achieve physical and mental relaxation and calmness (Tang et al., 2007, 2010). Frontal electroencephalographic asymmetry associated with positive emotion is produced by very brief meditation training.



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