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01.01.2015
The foundations of modern skepticism and objective thinking are thought to be rooted in the philosophy of Rene Descartes, the French mathematician, philosopher and writer. His theories also led to the emancipation of humanity from the doctrine that the Church is the sole authority over Man and led to a more autonomous idea of the human condition.
It is important to remember that Rene Descartes was writing at a time of great scientific discoveries which were in conflict with the Church. Meditations on First Philosophy follows the tradition of St Ignatius of Loyola's Spiritual Exercises. SlideShare verwendet Cookies, um die Funktionalitat und Leistungsfahigkeit der Webseite zu verbessern und Ihnen relevante Werbung bereitzustellen. Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. Durch Clippen konnen Sie wichtige Folien sammeln, die Sie spater noch einmal ansehen mochten.


This great sixteenth century thinker also gave us theories on mind-body dualism and the concept of ethics as the highest form of science. He also wrote extensively on subjects as diverse as music, the search for truth, geometry, discourse as a method of scientific investigation, philosophy, biology and psychology.
The original Latin title also had the subtitle: In Which the Existence of God and the Immortality of the Soul are Demonstrated. Wenn Sie diese Webseite weiter besuchen, erklaren Sie sich mit der Verwendung von Cookies auf dieser Seite einverstanden.
Descartes' Meditations follows a new yet cautious approach which would not be in direct confrontation with the powerful Catholic Church. He was a teacher and counselor to several heads of state in Europe and guided them in their political and ethical actions. In Meditations, Descartes seeks to go beyond Aristotle's philosophy which dominated Western thinking till then.


His most famous maxim, “I think, therefore I am” became the guiding principle of modern Western thought.
In each one, Descartes abandons all belief in things that are not absolutely certain and then tries to replace these beliefs with those that are more certain. Here, the Greek philosopher posited that all knowledge comes via the senses, hence the outside world is but a mirror image of our inner thoughts.
In the First Meditation, Descartes provides bizarre examples of our thoughts and questions whether we can assume that reality in any way resembles these.



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