Anne's beloved diary, which was saved from the Secret Annex by helper Miep Gies and returned to Anne's father Otto after the war. Margot Frank receives a call-up notice from the Nazis to return to Germany to work in a labour camp.
Dentist Fritz Pfeffer joins the Franks and the Van Pelses in hiding in the Secret Annex (Anne gave Fritz Pfeffer the pseudonym Albert Dussel in her diary). The occupants of the annex are transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp on the last train to leave Westerbork. Anne and her sister Margot are transported from Auschwitz-Birkenau to Bergen Belsen concentration camp. 04-Jul-2012There are four other Jews in the Secret Annex besides the Frank family: Hermann and Auguste van Pels with their son Peter, and Fritz Pfeffer. While business continues, as usual, in the front part of the building, there are people hiding in the annex out back.
The world learned about a German Jewish girl named Anne Frank through her own candid words preserved in a personal diary that miraculously survived the Holocaust. But her words have lived on for generations, as has the very house where she and her Jewish family hid for 2 years before being found by the Nazis. Opened as a public museum on May 3, 1960, the building and annex have been restored with period artifacts. The concealed positioning of the back house was a near perfect hiding spot for Otto Frank, his wife Edith, their daughters Margot & Anne, and four other Jewish people who were trying to escape persecution by the occupying Nazis. As you can see in the diagram above, the top 3 floors and attic were used to hide the group.
The following are actual photos of the hiding space in the annex which was both preserved and restored as it appeared from 1942-1944. On the morning of August 4, 1944, following a tip from an anonymous informer, the Achterhuis was stormed by a group of German uniformed police and SS officers. Two of the four people helping to hide them (compassionate employees of Otto Frank) were arrested as well. When the war was over, Otto Frank’s company had moved and the building at Prinsengracht 263 stood empty for several years. Little is known of how Anne and her sister Margot spent their last months alive in prison camps, but it has been verified that they both died of typhus within days of each other in early March 1945 in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
You can take a virtual tour of the Secret Annex where Anne and the others lived in hiding here.

Even if I can absolutely see your point, Steven, the destruction and isolation Fascism brought to Europe was terrible.
On the morning of monday, 6 july 1942, the family moved into their hiding place, a secret annex. One month later, following an arson attack on the parliament building (Reichstag), Hitler introduces emergency laws that repress any political opponents.
Miep Gies saved Anne's diary following the raid on the annex and returned it, unread, to Otto after the war. That is favourable for the people in hiding, because no one notices the chimney smoke on the weekends. Millions of people have now toured the site to pay tribute to Anne, her family and four other Jewish people who eventually perished in Nazi concentration camps after their hiding spot was betrayed. The building was originally a private residence, then a warehouse, then a manufacturing company for household appliances, and in the 1930’s it was used as a production place for piano rolls. Though it might seem like a lot of space, the usable floor space of the hiding spot only added up to about 500 square feet. Eight people living in 500 square feet for 2 years and one month without ever leaving the confines of the annex. It may be damp and lopsided, but there’s probably not a more comfortable hiding place in all of Amsterdam.
The remaining two employees returned to the hiding place after it had been cleared by the Nazis and rescued some of the personal effects of Anne and the others. Otto Frank was the only one of the eight people in hiding who survived the death camps and he was given Anne’s diary after he was liberated in 1945. In a bitter twist of irony, British troops liberated the camp only weeks later, though the entire thing was burned to the ground to avoid further spread of disease. Zonist have occupying Palestine for the past 60 yrs killing n murdering innocent children n women n no one cares. Thank you for making it, and for leading us through the house and also back to the original sources of your info.
They are joined by the Van Pels family one week later (Anne gave the Van Pels family the pseudonym Van Daan in her diary). In December of 1940, Anne’s father Otto Frank moved the offices of the spice company he worked for into the building known as Prinsengracht 263. One of the items they retrieved and intended to return to the family after the war was the diary of Anne Frank.

At House Crazy, the stories of houses are told through the lenses of history, humanity and compassion. If you feel that the Anne Frank House post is too one-sided, you are more than welcome to submit some information to me on a famous or historic Palestinian home (even if it no longer exists) and I would be more than happy to research it and do a feature post on it!
If any images that appear on the website are in Violation of Copyright Law or if you own copyrights over any of them and do not agree with it being shown here, please also contact us and We will remove the offending information as soon as possible.. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Thanks to the cooperation of his staff – Miep Gies, Jo Kleiman, Viktor Kugler and Bep Voskuijl, Otto Frank was able to secretly prepare a hiding place for his family, the Van Pels family and others.
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I was upstairs by the Van Pels’s in Peter’s room and I was helping him with his schoolwork. The stairs were squeaking, I stood up, because it was still early in the morning and everyone was supposed to be quiet – then the door opened and a man was standing right in front of us with a gun in his hand and it was pointed at us. The man had us walk in front of him and ordered us to go downstairs, and he walked behind us with the pistol. In 1948 the police conducted an initial investigation into the betrayal and arrest of those in hiding. Early in the morning of 8 August 1944 they were taken to the central train station and from there to the transit camp at Westerbork. Otto Frank endured several months of heavy labour in one of Auschwitz’s outdoor commandos, before becoming ill.
Friends persuade Otto Frank to publish Anne’s diary, “The Diary of Anne Frank” appears in 1947 under the title “Het Achterhuis” (The Annex).
They settle in Basel, Switzerland, and Otto Frank died in Basel in August 1980, at the age of 91.

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