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13.08.2015
Area 51 is a remote tract of land in the southwestern portion of Lincoln County in southern Nevada in the western United States. Other names used for the facility include Dreamland, Paradise Ranch, Home Base, Watertown Strip, Groom Lake and most recently Homey Airport. The intense secrecy surrounding the base, the very existence of which the US Government barely acknowledges, has led it to become the frequent subject of conspiracy theories and UFO folklore. Area 51 shares a border with the Yucca Flats region of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), the location of many of the US Department of Energy's nuclear weapons tests. The area is connected to the internal NTS road network, with paved roads leading south to Mercury and west to Yucca Flats. Groom Lake is not a conventional airbase, as frontline units are not normally deployed there. Soviet spy satellites obtained photographs of the Groom Lake area during the height of the Cold War, and later civilian satellites produced detailed images of the base and its surroundings. Groom Lake was used for bombing and artillery practice during World War II, but was then abandoned until 1955, when it was selected by Lockheed's Skunk Works team as the ideal location to test the forthcoming U-2 spy plane. Lockheed constructed a makeshift base at Groom, consisting of little more than a few shelters, workshops and trailer homes in which to house its small team.
During this period, the NTS continued to perform a series of atmospheric nuclear explosions. As the U-2's primary mission was to fly over the Soviet Union, it operated largely from airbases near the Soviet border, including Incirlik in Turkey, Peshawar in Pakistan, and Bodø, Norway. Even before U-2 development was complete, Lockheed began work on its successor, the CIA's OXCART project, a Mach-3 high altitude reconnaissance aircraft, a later variant of which became the famed USAF SR-71 Blackbird. The first Have Blue prototype stealth fighter (a smaller cousin of the F-117 Nighthawk) first flew at Groom in December 1977. Aircraft that have been tested at Groom include the Northrop Tacit Blue stealth demonstrator, various classified UAVs, and a stealthy cruise missile (most likely the AGM-129 Advanced Cruise Missile). Defense contractor EG&G maintains a private terminal at McCarran International Airport in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Commuter service is provided along Groom Lake Road by a bus, catering to a small number of employees living in several small communities beyond the NTS boundary (although it is not clear whether these workers are employed at Groom or at other facilities in the NTS). Unlike much of the Nellis range, the area surrounding the lake is permanently off-limits both to civilian and normal military air traffic. Perimeter security is provided by uniformed private security guards working for EG&G's security subcontractor Wackenhut, who patrol in desert camouflage Jeep Cherokees and HMMWV vehicles, and more recently, champagne-colored Ford F-150 pickups and gray Chevy 2500 4X4 pickups. Although federal property within the base is exempt from state and local taxes, facilities owned by private contractors are not. Its secretive nature and undoubted connection to classified aircraft research, together with reports of unusual phenomena, have led Area 51 to become a focus of modern UFO and conspiracy theories. The storage, examination, and reverse engineering of crashed alien spacecraft (including material supposedly recovered at Roswell), the study of their occupants (living and dead), and the manufacture of aircraft based on alien technology.
The development of exotic energy weapons (for SDI applications or otherwise) or means of weather control. Activities related to a supposed shadowy one world government and or the Majestic Twelve organization.
Others, however, claim that during the mid 1990s, the most secret work previously done at Groom was quietly moved to other facilities, including Dugway Proving Ground in Utah, and that the continued secrecy around Groom is largely a successful attempt at misdirection. The 1998-2001 television series Seven Days took place largely inside the Area 51 complex itself, with the base depicted as being run by a covert National Security Agency operation which used time-travel made possible by alien technology recovered from the 1947 Roswell UFO incident. Also, in the game RollerCoaster Tycoon 3, one of the parks is called 'Broom Lake' and is run by a group of CIA operatives, and in the MMORPG World of Warcraft, a town in the zone Netherstorm is called 'Area 52'. In the popular video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, Area 51 (Parodied as Area 69 in the game) is placed in a large open tract of land, designated as a No-Fly Zone in the Map included in the game case and simply unnamed on the in-game map. Soviet nuclear missile base in Plokstine (part of Samogitian National Park) offers a rare opportunity to enter the shafts where Cold War nuclear missles used to stand ready to be launched any minute. Once top secret and still reachable only by a gravel road through a forest, this underground military installation was dug by soldiers using only shovels.
The most impressive part of the visit will be a 27 m deep nuclear missile shaft, still in a remarkably good condition. Fortunately the Soviet Union collapsed and the Plokstine bunkers remained devoid of weapons of mass destruction and soldiers. Less fortunately the post-abandonment neglect meant that thieves broke into the bunkers to steal metal.
Inspirational place to some, junkyard to some others the Orvidas farmstead combines unique stone art of Vilius Orvidas (1952-1992) with rusting Soviet machinery.
An installation of stones and broken gravestones from the Soviet-desecrated Lutheran cemetaries in the Orvidas farmstead. Louisiana: Camp Minden is the site of the former Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, once the major area employer. Holland: It was believed that since the early 1960s, USAF nuclear weapons were stored at Volkel Air Base, to be used by the host nation's aircraft.
Western Australia: Naval Communication Station Holt - This is the most powerful transmission station in the Southern Hemisphere. Nebraska: Greenlief Training Site - Current footprint of the Nebraska National Guard Training Site. Minnesota: Camp Ripley has a winter warfare training course and is the primary facility used by the National Guard for winter combat exercises.
Mississippi: Naval Air Station Meridian or NAS Meridian is a military airport and is one of the Navy's two jet strike pilot training facilities. North Carolina: Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point is located in Havelock, North Carolina, USA, in the eastern part of the state. New York: The Military Academy at West Point is a four-year coeducational federal service academy. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline.
A block of land 6 miles north-to-south by 10 miles east-to-west, it is bordered by Nellis Air Force Base on the northwest, north, east, and south, and by the Nevada Test Site on the southwest.
Situated at its center, on the southern shore of a dry lakebed (salt lake), is a large military airfield, one of the most secretive places in the world.


The area is part of the Nellis Military Operations Area, and military pilots refer to the forbidden airspace around it (R-4808N) as The Box. The Yucca Mountain nuclear storage facility is approximately 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Groom Lake. Leading northeast from the lake, the wide and well-maintained Groom Lake Road runs through a pass in the Jumbled Hills. It instead appears to be used during the development, testing, and training phases for new aircraft. These images support only modest conclusions about the base; they depict a nondescript base, long airstrip, hangars and the lake, but nothing that supports some of the claims about underground facilities.
The lakebed made an ideal strip from which they could operate the troublesome test aircraft, and the Emigrant Valley's mountain ranges and the NTS perimeter protected the test site from prying eyes and outside interference. The first U-2 flew at Groom in August 1955, and U-2s under the control of the CIA began overflights of Soviet territory by mid-1956. U-2 operations throughout 1957 were frequently disrupted by the Plumbbob series of atomic tests, which detonated over two dozen devices at the NTS.
The Blackbird's flight characteristics and maintenance requirements forced a massive expansion of facilities and runways at Groom Lake. Testing of a series of ultra-secret prototypes continued there until mid-1981, when testing transitioned to the initial production of F-117 stealth fighters.
A number of unmarked aircraft operate daily shuttle services from McCarran to sites operated by EG&G in the extensive federally controlled lands in southern Nevada. The bus travels Groom Lake Road and stops at Crystal Springs, Ash Springs, and Alamo, and parks at the Alamo court house overnight. The base is conspicuously absent from Federal publications and inquiries to the government regarding the facility are rejected for reasons of national security. Although the guards are armed with M16s, no violent encounters with Area 51 observers have been reported; instead, the guards generally follow visitors near the perimeter and radio for the Lincoln County Sheriff. Area 51 researcher Glenn Campbell claimed in 1994 that the base only declares a taxable value of $2 million to the Lincoln County tax assessor, who is unable to enter the area to perform an assessment.
In 1989, Bob Lazar claimed that he had worked at a facility at Papoose Lake (which he called S-4) on such a U.S. In 2000-2001, Fox Television broadcast a show about Apollo moon landing hoax accusations, in which it was suggested that the entire moon landing in 1969 was a hoax and was filmed in parts of Area 51.
He claimed that he had made a copy of the tape during a scheduled transfer of analogue videotape files on the base into digital form, and had then smuggled the copy out of Area 51. The numerous conspiracy theories surrounding Area 51 have granted it a fairly high profile in popular culture, specifically in the area of science fiction. A few missions include this zone, with most, if not all, involving secret military projects and relations to extra-terrestrial contact. Multi-storey complex is barely visible from the outside and can be visited only together with a guide (hourly tours). It combines authentic machinery and propaganda posters with new dioramas, plans and screens with period sights and sounds. Had the World history taken a grimmer path and the Cold War turned "hot", the missiles based here would have wreaked havoc in the United Kingdom. In fact, these installations were abandoned much earlier because the Western intelligence learned about their existance.
Targetted by Soviet authorities for its religious overtones the Orvidas farmstead gained a special meaning to many locals as well as "outcasts" from elsewehere (addicts, ex-inmates) who had been helped by Orvidas.
Army ammunition storage depot located near the town of Hawthorne in western Nevada in the United States.
Although the government will not discuss its existence, many highly classified national defense projects have been conducted at AREA 51 since the 1950s and the airspace around the base is off-limits even to most military pilots.
The base's primary purpose is to support development and testing of experimental aircraft and weapons systems. The road formerly led to mines in the Groom basin, but has been improved since their closure.
Once these aircraft have been approved by the United States Air Force or other agencies such as the CIA, operation of that aircraft is generally conducted from a normal air force base.
The Plumbbob-Hood explosion on July 5 scattered fallout across Groom and forced a temporary evacuation. By the time the first A-12 Blackbird prototype flew at Groom in 1962, the main runway had been lengthened to 8500 ft (2600 m), and the base boasted a complement of over 1000 personnel.
In addition to flight testing, Groom performed radar profiling, F-117 weapons testing, and was the location for training of the first group of frontline USAF F-117 pilots. Deadly force is authorized if violators who attempt to breach the secured area fail to heed warnings to halt. Similarly the National Atlas page showing federal lands in Nevada does not distinguish between the Groom block and other parts of the Nellis range.
The video appears to show the head of an alien creature in a dark interrogation room, allegedly using telepathy to communicate with military personnel and scientists.
There have been literally dozens of movies or television shows which deal with fictionalized events or happenings at the site.
However the young Lithuanian state was quick to understand the importance of Plokstine missile base and much of it was saved for future generations. The village is given its unique atmosphere by 21 mostly wooden chapels, many located on hilltops. Located 17 km west of Plateliai it is technically outside the Samogitian National Park but easily visited from there. Its winding course runs past a security checkpoint, but the restricted area around the base extends further east. Groom is reported, however, to be the permanent home for a small number of Soviet-designed aircraft (obtained by various means), which are analyzed and used for training purposes. Subsequently, the still highly classified active-service F-117 operations moved to the nearby Tonopah Test Range, and finally to Holloman Air Force Base.Since the F-117 became operational in 1983, operations at Groom Lake have continued unabated. EG&G advertises in the Las Vegas press for experienced military pilots, requiring applicants to be eligible for government security clearance, and that successful applicants can expect to always stay overnight at Las Vegas. Fines of around $600 seem to be the normal course of action, although some visitors and journalists report receiving follow-up visits from FBI agents.


The footage was eventually included in a video documentary entitled Area 51: The Alien Interview. Perhaps the most well-known example is the 1996 action film Independence Day, in which the complex is shown to have been studying the crashed scout ship from the Roswell UFO incident of 1947.
She is dragged to a High Security Compound, of which is in involvement is some sort of trading with Area 51.
This denotes a direct reference to the high level of security and secrecy surrounding Area 51. 1000) where there are restaurants, bike rental and accommodation opportunities as well as a lake.
Visiting them in a certain order may help you better imagine the path Jesus Christ took to his execution (this is reenacted by a many pilgrims in a festival every July 2nd-12th and archaic Samogitian Christian songs known as "the hills" may then be heard).
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AREA 51 is also the approximate location where scientist Robert Lazar claims to have worked for the U.S.
The base and its associated runway system have been expanded, and the daily flights bringing civilian commuters from Las Vegas continue. Some observers have been detained on public land for pointing camera equipment at the base. Corona spy satellite in the 1960s has been altered prior to declassification; in answer to freedom of information queries, the government responds that these exposures (which map to Groom and the entire NAFR) appear to have been destroyed.
The heroes of the film later make their final attack from the airstrips at the base, and in a nod to established fact, Randy Quaid's character Russell Casse at one point refers to the base not being shown on a state map of Nevada. It has an Uzgavenes museum dedicated to the Carnival-like Lithuanian Christian holiday which has its most fervent traditions in Samogitia.
Groom saw the first flight of all major Blackbird variants: A-12, SR-71, its abortive YF-12 interceptor variant, and the D-21 Blackbird-based drone project. Some commentators, after examining recent satellite photos of the base, estimate it to have a live-in complement of over 1000 people, with a similar number commuting from Las Vegas. Surveillance is supplemented using buried motion sensors and by HH-60 Pave Hawk helicopters.
Probably not since the images could be at least a year old, but it does highlight the fact that Google's satellite and street view photos are making our world a lot less private.
Plateliai and other National Park villages are known for old wooden churches with the one in Berzoras most famous. In the past, there were actually two viewpoints from which the public could legally view this secret facility -- from White Sides and Freedom Ridge -- but the Air Force closed down both locations in 1995.
In 1995, the federal government expanded the exclusionary area around the base to include nearby mountains that had hither to afforded the only decent overlook of the base.
Some people say that the Blackbird was scrapped for a new plane called the Aurora, even though the government claims that the latter is just a myth. Subsequently, limited views of the area are available only from the summits of several distant mountains east. They are reported to shuttle to Groom, Tonopah Test Range, to other locations in the NAFR and NTS, and reportedly to Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake. Higher resolution (and more recent) images from other satellite imagery providers (including Russian providers and the IKONOS) are commercially available. Observers tracking the number of departures and cars in the private EG&G parking lot at McCarran estimate several thousand JANET commuters each day.
These show, in considerable detail, the runway marking, base facilities, aircraft, and vehicles.
These shuttle flights were previously operated by Key Air, which had flown 22,000 passenger trips on 300 flights from Nellis Air Force Base to Tonopah Test Range per month from 1982 until early 1991. It also was the stage for several nuclear tests, and later the facility was used as a dumping ground for nuclear and chemical waste.In 2003, the site was handed back over to the Fish and Wildlife Department, and is now part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. Located only three miles from Roswell, New Mexico’s central business district, it is the closest military facility to the infamous, and alleged, UFO crash of 1947.The Air force base closed in 1967 as part of the military’s attempt to pay for the expenses accrued during the Vietnam War.
The Soviets would then launch them from the base for operations during the Cold War.The base also consisted of tunnels that ran deep into the mountain.
The entire base, along with the entire town of Balaklava, was considered to be classified information by the Soviets.
However, the facility was finally decommissioned in 1993 and is currently a museum.Fuchu Communications Station.
Used primarily during the Vietnam and Korean Wars, the Fuchu Communications Station was built shortly after World War II ended. Prior to its abandonment in the 1980’s, the communications station was a vital hub for American troops.
So much so, that the base often took in wounded men from Korea and Vietnam.Since its abandonment, much of the complex has been either refurbished or destroyed. A portion of the old base was refurbished, and now houses the Japan Self-Defense Forces base, and another portion of the old base was converted into a public park.
However, much of the original facility remains intact and abandoned.There is definitely no shortage of abandoned military bases around the world. These structures are ruins of a bygone era that provide a unique glimpse into the world’s military history.However, much of that history is destined to be lost, since these facilities are often left to crumble and decay. He is an IT analyst, blogger, journalist, and a researcher for the truth behind strange stories.
Freelance writer and editor for over 17 years, she loves to read and loves fringe science and conspiracy theory.Top Secret Writers Gabrielle is a journalist who finds strange stories the media misses, and enlightens readers about news they never knew existed.
Whittington, from Houston, Texas, frequently writes on space, science, political commentary and political culture.



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