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26.08.2013
William Scrots, King's Painter to Henry VIII and his son Edward VI, was paid a salary twice as large as that of his predecessor, Hans Holbein? Thomas Stanley was an officer of the Royal Mint at the Tower of London under four monarchs—Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I?
Samuel Hieronymus Grimm, a Swiss painter, toured England for twenty years leaving 2,662 sketches in the British Library -- including the only known image of the coronation of Edward VI? Sir John Luttrell, an English soldier and diplomat under Henry VIII and Edward VI, was the subject of an allegorical portrait (pictured) by Hans Eworth celebrating peace with France and Scotland?
Edward VI of England's 1547 Injunctions mandated that a copy of the English translation of the Paraphrases of Erasmus was to be kept in every parish church? DESCRIPTION: This is the largest map of its kind to have survived in tact and in good condition from such an early period of cartography. These place names are in Lincolnshire (Holdingham and Sleaford are the modern forms), and this Richard has been identified as one Richard de Bello, prebend of Lafford in Lincoln Cathedral about the year 1283, who later became an official of the Bishop of Hereford, and in 1305 was appointed prebend of Norton in Hereford Cathedral. While the map was compiled in England, names and descriptions were written in Latin, with the Norman dialect of old French used for special entries. Here, my dear Son, my bosom is whence you took flesh Here are my breasts from which you sought a Virgina€™s milk. The other three figures consist of a woman placing a crown on the Virgin Mary and two angels on their knees in supplication. Still within this decorative border, in the left-hand bottom corner, the Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus is enthroned and crowned with a papal triple tiara and delivers a mandate with his seal attached, to three named commissioners.
In the right-hand bottom corner an unidentified rider parades with a following forester holding a pair of greyhounds on a leash.
The geographical form and content of the Hereford map is derived from the writings of Pliny, Solinus, Augustine, Strabo, Jerome, the Antonine Itinerary, St. As is traditional with the T-O design, there is the tripartite division of the known world into three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa. EUROPE: When we turn to this area of the Hereford map we would expect to find some evidence of more contemporary 13th century knowledge and geographic accuracy than was seen in Africa or Asia, and, to some limited extent, this theory is true. France, with the bordering regions of Holland and Belgium is called Gallia, and includes all of the land between the Rhine and the Pyrenees. Norway and Sweden are shown as a peninsula, divided by an arm of the sea, though their size and position are misrepresented. On the other side of Europe, Iceland, the Faeroes, and Ultima Tile are shown grouped together north of Norway, perhaps because the restricting circular limits of the map did not permit them to be shown at a more correct distance. The British Isles are drawn on a larger scale than the neighboring parts of the continent, and this representation is of special interest on account of its early date. On the Hereford map, the areas retain their Latin names, Britannia insula and Hibernia, Scotia, Wallia, and Cornubia, and are neatly divided, usually by rivers, into compartments, North and South Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, England, and Scotland.
THE MEDITERRANEAN: The Mediterranean, conveniently separating the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, teems with islands associated with legends of Greece and Rome. Mythical fire-breathing creature with wings, scales and claws; malevolent in west, benevolent in east. 4.A A  For bibliographical information on these and other (including lost) cartographical exemplars, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p. 10.A A  For bibliographical information for editions and translations of the source texts, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p.
11.A A  More detailed analysis of these data can be found in my a€?Lessons from Legends on the Hereford Mappa Mundi,a€? Hereford Mappa Mundi Conference proceedings volume being edited by Barber and Harvey (see n. 16.A A  Danubius oritur ab orientali parte Reni fluminis sub quadam ecclesia, et progressus ad orientem, . 23.A A  The a€?standarda€? Latin forms of these place-names and the modern English equivalents are those recorded in the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, ed. From the time when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. FROM THE TIME when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. Details from the Hereford map of the Blemyae and the Psilli.a€? Typical of the strange creatures or 'Wonders of the East' derived by Richard of Haldingham from classical sources and placed in Ethiopia.
Equally important work was also being done on medieval and Renaissance world maps as a genre, particularly by medievalists such as Anna-Dorothee von den Brincken and Jorg-Geerd Arentzen in Germany and by Juergen Schulz, primarily an art historian, and David Woodward, a leading historian of cartography, in the United States.
The Hereford World Map is the only complete surviving English example of a type of map which was primarily a visualization of all branches of knowledge in a Christian framework and only secondly a geographical object. After the fall of the Roman empire in the 5th century, monks and scholars struggled desperately to preserve from destruction by pagan barbarians the flotsam and jetsam of classical history and learning; to consolidate them and to reconcile them with Christian teaching and biblical history. There would have been several models to choose from, corresponding to the widely differing cartographic traditions inside the Roman Empire, but it seems that the commonest image descended from a large map of the known world that was created for a portico lining the Via Flaminia near the Capitol in Rome during Christ's lifetime.
Recent writers such as Arentzen have suggested that, simply because of their sheer availability, from an early date different versions of this map may have been used to illustrate texts by scholars such as St. Eventually some of the information from the texts became incorporated into the maps themselves, though only sparingly at first.
A broad similarity in coastlines with the Hereford map is clear in the Anglo-Saxon [Cottonian] World Map, c.1000 (#210), but there are no illustrations of animals other than the lion (top left). The resulting maps ranged widely in shape and appearance, some being circular, others square. A few maps of the inhabited world were much more detailed, though keeping to the same broad structure and symbolism. Most of these earlier maps were book illustrations, none were particularly big and the maps were always considered to need textual amplification. From about 1100, however, we know from contemporary descriptions in chronicles and from the few surviving inventories that larger world maps were produced on parchment, cloth and as wall paintings for the adornment of audience chambers in palaces and castles as well as, probably, of altars in the side chapels of religious buildings.
A separate written text of an encyclopedic nature, probably written by the map's intellectual creator, however, was still intended to accompany many if not all these large maps and one may originally have accompanied the Hereford world map.
These maps seem largely to have been inspired by English scholars working at home or in Europe.
The most striking novelty, however, was the vastly increased number of depictions of peoples, animals, and plants of the world copied from illustrations in contemporary handbooks on wildlife, commonly called bestiaries and herbals.
Mentions in contemporary records and chronicles, such as those of Matthew Paris, make it plain that these large world maps were once relatively common. At about the same time that this map was being created, Henry III, perhaps after consultation with Gervase, who had visited him in 1229, commissioned wall maps to hang in the audience chambers of his palaces in Winchester and Westminster. The Hereford Mappamundi is the only full size survivor of these magnificent, encyclopedic English-inspired maps.
An inscription in Norman-French at the bottom left attributes the map to Richard of Haldingham and Sleaford. There are 10 things Connecticut residents and all Americans do that put them at increased risk for identity theft, according to a new AARP Fraud Watch Network study.
The AARP Fraud Watch Network survey of 2,250 Americans ages 18+ shows common mistakes that put people at risk for having their identity stolen or their financial accounts compromised. In conjunction with the survey, AARP Fraud Watch Network unveils a new video featuring “Alice Lipski,” a convicted ID thief, who shared her playbook for scamming people of all ages. AARP arms Americans of all ages with the tools they need to spot and avoid scams so they can protect themselves and their families.
In addition to the stated topic, any questions or concerns related to breastfeeding can be discussed. Books, DVDs, and information sheets on pregnancy, breastfeeding, and parenting topics are available for borrowing. With three out of four drivers believing hands-free technology is safe to use, Americans may be surprised to learn these popular new vehicle features may actually increase mental distraction, according to new research by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.
This research can serve as guidance to manufacturers who increasingly market hands-free systems as safety features. The results, which build on the first phase of the Foundation’s research conducted last year, suggest developers can improve the safety of their products by making them less complicated, more accurate, and generally easier to use, a point AAA hopes to use in working with manufacturers to make hands-free technologies as safe as possible for consumers.
While manufacturers continue their efforts to develop and refine systems that reduce distractions, AAA encourages drivers to minimize cognitive distraction by limiting the use of most voice-based technologies. Using instrumented test vehicles, heart-rate monitors, and other equipment designed to measure reaction times, Dr. The accuracy of voice recognition software significantly influences the rate of distraction. Composing text messages and emails using in-vehicle technologies (category three) was more distracting than using these systems to listen to messages (category two). The study also separately assesses Apple’s Siri (version iOS 7), using insight obtained from Apple about Siri’s functionality at the time the research was conducted.
On the five-point scale, Toyota’s Entune system had the lowest cognitive distraction rating system (at 1.7), which is similar to listening to an audio book. AAA is calling for developers to address key factors to mental distraction including complexity, accuracy, and time on task with the goal of making systems that are no more demanding than listening to the radio or an audiobook.
AAA Southern New England is a not-for-profit auto club with 51 offices in Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Jersey, providing more than 3.5 million local AAA members with travel, insurance, finance, and auto-related services. The Spring Glen Garden Club, a charter member of the Federated Garden Club of Connecticut, Inc., and National Garden Clubs, Inc.
Washington Memorial Funeral Home, 4 Washington Ave., North Haven, was entrusted with the arrangements. September was Suicide Prevention Month with walks, radio talk shows featuring professionals, and TV specials.
So many are touched by a suicide - a spouse, children, siblings, parents, friends, therapists, and all the people who knew of the person. Several years ago, I lost a patient who was hospitalized at the time for depression and substance dependence.
Typical responses include shock, disbelief, and physical responses, such as sleeplessness, poor appetite, nausea, headaches, and palpitations, especially initially. Though it seems inexcusable, there is sometimes relief that the long struggle and hopelessness of the situation is finally over. Holidays are particularly difficult in the first year, since the absence is painfully present. A garment manufacturer will provide a variety of colors and styles for just $20 a piece for this event.
To contribute any amount to this tax deductible fundraising event for the benefit of Hamden’s children, mail a donation to Rotary Club of Hamden, PO Box 185304, Hamden, 06518. The club meets on the third Sunday of the month, September through May, and is free and open to the public. Whether a long-time collector or you’ve only just started, there’s something for all.
The Connecticut Z’mirah Chorale invites prospective members throughout the state to the Chorale’s next rehearsal, Sunday, Oct. It’s really up to you guys, because both options – whether you’re sitting on the house or rehabbing it – are going to take time and emotional energy.
If you have a mortgage that will be paid off in the next two or three years, should you pay extra toward the house or invest that money over and above the 15 percent you recommend putting toward retirement? The Hamden Commission on Disability Rights & Opportunities and the Hamden Recreation Department will be sponsoring an Autumn Costume Fling for persons with disabilities over age 21. To obtain a registration form, contact Hamden Recreation Department at 2750 Dixwell Avenue. Boy Scout Troop 608 in Hamden proudly announces five Eagle Scouts from the 2013-2014 season.
The tributes came during a meeting of the Hamden Fire Retirees Association at the Elks Hall on School Street.
The tradition began with a gathering in November 2010, when some retirees presented a plaque to Mrs. After that, Johnson says, “It was in suspension for about three years while we tried to work out details on how future plaques would be awarded.” The result was a ceremony that drew about 85 people. Retired Battalion Chief Thomas Doherty presented the plaque, honoring a man he’d known since high school and worked with for most of Reutenauer’s 36 years with the department. Linda Bonadies presents her One Woman Musical, “Give It All Away,” at The Space Ballroom, Sunday, Oct. If you’re just looking for a great story with great music, don’t miss “Give It All Away.”  But, if you’re looking for a story to inspire you to heal your relationships and overcome the voices that tell you you’re not good enough, then this play is a must-see! A plethora of thoughts are running through my mind as I sit at my computer to write for you. I will do this for now, I wish you a wonderful autumn season with the fall colors, holidays, and, hopefully, lots of good family time. Here are some guidelines that can help you make smart decisions that meet your budget and lifestyle. Choosing Tile – “Tiling your home can be a great home improvement to easily add value,” says Keesha Hargis, a home decor specialist.
Easy to maintain, tile flooring tends to be very resistant to moisture, fading, and scratches.
Natural stone floors are beautiful and elegant, but they are not always ideal for families.
Choosing Carpet – There is a vast selection of styles, colors, and fibers to choose from in today’s marketplace, but a simple checklist can help. Nylon fibers will hold up well to foot traffic, but may not offer the stain resistance a well-used room may need.
Flooring is a long-term investment, so consider factors like maintenance and usage before making a final decision.
Hamden Democratic Party Chair Lewis Panzo announced that the Hamden Democratic Party will hold its next meeting Monday, Oct. In orthopedics, it is often believed that when someone experiences leg pain, the source is usually “sciatica” originating from your back. Sciatica, defined as inflammation to the sciatica nerve, is often a result of a disc herniation between the last two vertebrae. In addition to nerve and disc origins, leg pain can also be referred from other structures, such as muscle or ligaments. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint itself can often refer pain into the front, inner, and occasional back of thigh, referring down as far as one’s knee.
Any of the above scenarios, or combination of these conditions, can contribute to leg pain symptoms.
Michael Dow, MSPT, is founder and Clinical Director of Amity Physical Therapy, now with three offices in Woodbridge, Hamden, and Branford. Kinderdance, operating 132 Franchises in 36 states and eight countries, places emphasis on building self-confidence and self-esteem in children through learning to share, lead, interact, and respond to others’ needs, as well as their own. Hamden Youth Advisory Council’s (HYAC) Positive Choices Campaign to prevent underage drinking and drug use encourages all to join them in celebrating National Above the Influence (ATI) Day, Oct.
The “Positive Choices” campaign is an initiative of the Hamden Youth Advisory Council (HYAC) to prevent underage drinking in Hamden and to encourage youth to make positive choices to live a lifestyle free from the influence of alcohol and drugs.
Photo: Members of Hamden High School’s football team have been utilizing the “Above the Influence, on Top of My Game” water bottles provided by the Positive Choices Campaign. One big downfall about being short is that when you have other people standing around you, you can’t see, and Jesus had many people around him. Zacchaeus had many things in his life that did not line up with Jesus’ teachings, but one thing he did know was, in that moment, he needed to see Jesus.


It says in Luke 19:5-9 that Jesus called Zacchaeus by name, to get out of the tree, and that He must stay at his house today. Oh, yes, while I’ve got your attention, I’m sure Carol would want me to remind you that the bookstore is open Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays from 11 a.m.
Whether you’re a homeowner or a renter, savvy approaches to running your home can save you money according to house smart experts.
Programmable Thermostats: Available for about $50-$100, programmable or “smart” thermostats can save hundreds of dollars yearly on electricity bills, taking the guesswork out of finding a comfortable temperature for your home. Extra Payment: Over the course of a 30-year loan, one additional mortgage payment yearly can save thousands on annual interest payments. House Plants: With air pollution levels increasing, improving indoor air quality is important. Ceiling Fans: An air conditioner uses 3,500 watts of energy, while a ceiling fan only uses 60 watts. Shop Your Home: Before buying new home accessories, look for budget-friendly tweaks you can make. Exploring ways to reduce home expenses can help you save for important upgrades down the line. The circle of the world is set in a somewhat rectangular frame background with a pointed top, and an ornamented border of a zig-zag pattern often found in psalter-maps of the period (#223). Show pity, as you said you would, on all Who their devotion paid to me for you made me Savioress. Olympus and such cities as Athens and Corinth; the Delphic oracle, misnamed Delos, is represented by a hideous head. James (Roxburghe Club) 1929, with representations from manuscripts in the British Library and the Bodleian Library, and a€?Marvels of the Easta€?, by R.
The upper-left corner of the Hereford Map, showing north and east Asia (compare to the contents on Chart 3). 1), however, call attention to a remarkable degree of accuracy in the relationship of toponymsa€”for cities, rivers, and mountainsa€”both in EMM and in Hereford Map legends.A  On the Asia Minor littoral, for example, one passage in EMM links 39 place-names in a running series, 23 of which are found in Chart 4 (and visible, in almost exactly parallel order, on Fig. 5, above).A  Treating islands separately from the eartha€™s three a€?partsa€? follows the organizational style adopted by Isidore of Seville, Honorius Augustodunensis, and other medieval geographical authorities. Note Lincoln on its hill and Snowdon ('Snawdon'), Caernarvon and Conway in Wales, referring to the castles Edward I was building there when the map was being created. In England, a detailed study of its less obvious features, such as the sequences of its place names and some of its coastal outlines by G.
The Psilli reputedly tested the virtue of their wives by exposing their children to serpents.
The cumulative effect has been to enable us at last to evaluate the map in terms of its actual (largely non-geographical and not exclusively religious) purpose, the age in which it was created and in the context of the general development of European cartography. The Old and New Testaments contained few doctrinal implications for geography, other than a bias in favor of an inhabited world consisting of three interlinked continents containing descendants of Noah's three sons.
This now-lost map was referred to in some detail by a number of classical writers and it seems to have been created under the direction of Emperor Augustus's son-in-law, Vipsanius Agrippa (63-12 BC) for official purposes. As the centuries went by, more and more was included with references to places associated with events in classical history and legend (particularly fictionalized tales about Alexander the Great) and from biblical history with brief notes on and the very occasional illustration of natural history. Note also the Roman provincial boundaries, the relative accuracy of the British coastlines (lower left) and the attention paid to the Balkans and Denmark, with which Saxon England had close contacts.
Some, often oriented to the north, attempted to show the whole world in zones, with the inhabited earth occupying the zone between the equator and the frozen north.
They were never intended to convey purely geographical information or to stand alone without explanatory text.
Often a 'context' for them would have been provided by the other secular as well as religious surrounding decorations. For many maps continued to be used primarily for educational, including theological, purposes.
They reached their fullest development in the thirteenth century when Englishmen like Roger Bacon, John of Holywood (Sacrobosco), Robert Grosseteste and Matthew Paris were playing an inordinately large part in creative geographical thinking in Europe.
In most, if not all of these maps, the strange peoples or 'Marvels of the East' are shown occupying Ethiopia on the right (southern) edge, as on the Hereford map. Exposure to light, fire, water, and religious bigotry or indifference over the centuries has, however, led to the destruction of most of them.
Both are now lost but it seems quite likely that the so-called 'Psalter Map', produced in London in the early 1260s and now owned by the British Library, is a much reduced copy of the map that hung in Westminster Palace. Despite some broad similarities in arrangement and content, however, there are very considerable differences from the Ebstorf and the 'Westminster Palace' maps in details - like the precise location of wildlife, the portrayal of some coastlines and islands, or in the recent information incorporated. The new report, along with recent eye-opening interviews with convicted ID thieves, reveal Americans are falling even further behind in the fight to protect their identities as scam artists go digital. Forty-two percent of Americans over age 50 don’t have online access to all of their bank or credit accounts. Only 26 percent of people use distinctly different passwords on their online accounts and 44 percent of smartphone owners age 50+ don’t have a passcode on their smartphones.
They pay special attention to the needs of pregnant women and mothers of newborns and address their concerns first.
The good news for consumers is that it’s possible to design hands-free technologies that are less cognitively distracting, according to the research. David Strayer and researchers from the University of Utah evaluated and ranked common voice-activated interactions based on the level of cognitive distraction generated.
Systems with low accuracy and reliability generated a high level (category three) of distraction. Listening to a natural or synthetic voice both rated as a category two level of distraction.
Researchers used the same metrics to measure a broad range of tasks including using social media, sending texts, and updating calendars. Joel Cooper with Precision Driving Research evaluated the two most common voice-based interactions in which drivers engage, changing radio stations and voice dialing, with voice-activated systems found in six different automakers’ vehicles.
In comparison, the Chevrolet MyLink resulted in a high level of cognitive distraction (rating of 3.7). AAA also plans to use the findings to continue a dialogue with policy makers, safety advocates, and manufactures. This study builds upon groundbreaking research conducted last year, which found that drivers can be dangerously distracted even if their eyes are on the road and their hands are on the wheel.
Entombment will take place in Pontelatone, Italy, where Alfonso will be reunited with his beloved wife Francesca. He was smart, had a good job waiting for him at discharge, had remained sober for six months, and was beginning to reconnect with his family.
That is partly because of denial and partly because they don’t tell us about their struggle or how painful it is. You will no longer have to worry about where and what the loved one is doing and whether they are safe.
As part of the club’s mission to help children, new down-filled winter coats will be provided to first grade Hamden Students in need. It’s in a small, rural town with little industry, and we’ve been told that the place would be worth $85,000 if it’s cleaned up, compared to $75,000 as-is.
From a real estate person’s perspective, houses always sell better when they’re shined up and looking nice. In other words, if you spend $10,000 on a project like this, you’ll usually gain $20,000 when you’re talking about stuff like a thorough cleaning, new carpet and flooring, fresh paint and basics like that. I’ve done hundreds, if not thousands, of these kinds of deals, and I can’t stand to try and sell something that’s dumpy, grungy and out of shape.
You know, a magical thing happens when you pay down a house and sell it somewhere down the road. But you don’t know exactly what will happen over the next several years of your life or the life of your investments. He has authored five New York Times best-selling books: Financial Peace, More Than Enough, The Total Money Makeover, EntreLeadership and Smart Money Smart Kids. Retired Hamden firefighters recently gathered to pay tribute to some of their former colleagues: ten men who passed away between 2011 and 2014.
The family of each honoree received a memorial plaque bearing his name, rank, and dates of service. Another ceremony will be held next October, if there are any firefighter funerals between now and then.
The plot weaves in and out of Linda’s love for music, her dad, her husband, and her children, as well as the challenges each of them present.
I’m thinking about the mini-vacation we just returned from yesterday, the stomping of my children’s feet above me as they just came back from the playground, the autumn season and the nostalgia it brings, the book “Raving Fans” that Chris and I are presently reading, the Tae-bo DVDs we ordered yesterday to begin our workout regime together… There are so many things to tell you, but I don’t know where to start. Not only can it affect property value, but it’s also a fundamental element of design and style. Tile allows you to create a variety of looks in your home from Tuscan to modern with the use of stone, such as slate, travertine, marble, concrete, and linen. Carpets manufactured in today’s polyester and polypropylene fibers resist staining and can be found in vibrant colors and sharp multi-toned patterns, but may not last through years of heavy wear.
The Hamden Democratic Party will be devoting its energy to the re-election of Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy, Lieutenant Governor Nancy Wyman, all of the other State Constitutional officeholders, as well as Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro, State Senators Joe Crisco and Marty Looney, and State Representatives Brendan Sharkey, Michael D’Agostino, and Robyn Porter. Anyone who would like to work on the election campaigns this fall are invited to contact the Hamden Democratic Party at PO Box 185658, Hamden.
Although this scenario can happen, there are several other conditions that can mimic those symptoms.
It is located in close proximity to the fifth lumbar vertebrae and shares ligaments with it.
It is located on the back part of the thigh and attaches at both the knee and underneath the buttock onto the pelvis. It is important to determine the exact origin of the symptoms, as the treatment for each can vary greatly. Children learn through a professionally researched curriculum of “hands on” dance, motor development, and fitness instruction combined with educational tutoring taught by fully trained Kinderdance instructors.
I don’t love the flu, but do love that people have started lighting fires in their outdoor fire pits and I enjoy the smell of the wood burning.
So, Zacchaeus knew if he did not do something out of the ordinary, he was only going to get a glimpse of this man.
I’ve heard her tell folks that it was always a dream of hers to run a bookstore and now that she’s retired, she’s able to do just that. By taking the environmentally friendly step of replacing outdated showerheads with new low-flow models, you can reduce your water use in the shower by 25 to 60 percent, as well as increase hot water efficiency, according to Energy Department statistics. Weatherproofing is an inexpensive, simple task that can save up to 15 percent on heating and cooling costs. However, professionals often come with a hefty price tag, so use online resources to jump on the DIY bandwagon or check out free DIY workshops at hardware stores, like Home Depot and Lowe’s. Rearrange furniture and lighting to change the feel of any space or switch decorations between rooms to make both feel different. In Phrygia there is born an animal called bonnacon; it has a bulla€™s head, horsea€™s mane and curling horns, when chased it discharges dung over an extent of three acres which burns whatever it touches. India also has the largest elephants, whose teeth are supposed to be of ivory; the Indians use them in war with turrets (howdahs) set on them.
The linx sees through walls and produces a black stonea€” a valuable carbuncle in its secret parts. A tiger when it sees its cub has been stolen chases the thief at full speed; the thief in full flight on a fast horse drops a mirror in the track of the tiger and so escapes unharmed. Agriophani Ethiopes eat only the flesh of panthers and lions they have a king with only one eye in his forehead.
Men with doga€™s heads in Norway; perhaps heads protected with furs made them resemble dogs. Essendones live in Scythia it is their custom to carry out the funeral of their parents with singing and collecting a company of friends to devour the actual corpses with their teeth and make a banquet mingled with the flesh of animals counting it more glorious to be consumed by them than by worms.
Solinus: they occupy the source of the Ganges and live only on the scent of apples of the forest if they should perceive any smell they die instantly. Himantopodes; they creep with crawling legs rather than walk they try to proceed by sliding rather than by taking steps.
The Monocoli in India are one-legged and swift when they want to be protected from the heat of the sun they are shaded by the size of their foot.
Flint, a€?The Hereford Map:A  Its Author(s), Two Scenes and a Border,a€? Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser. Nevertheless, it placed a somewhat misleading emphasis on the map's geographical 'inaccuracies', its depiction of fabulous creatures and supposedly religious purpose, all clothed in what for the layman must have seemed an air of wildly esoteric learning and near-impenetrable medieval mystery. Recent research suggests this is a reference to African traders in medicinal drugs who visited ancient Rome. Today, with the map in the headlines of the popular press, it may be time to give a brief resume of what is currently known about it and to attempt to explain some of its more important features in the light of recent research. In the eyes of some (but by no means all) theologians, a fourth inhabited continent, the Antipodes, would implicitly have denied the descent of mankind from Noah, and the depiction of such a continent was deemed to be heretical by them.
It was based on survey and on military itineraries and reflected the political and administrative realities of the time. Where space allowed, reference was also made to important contemporary towns, regions, and geographical features such as freshly-opened mountain passes. Most of the maps, however, like the Hereford Mappamundi, depicted only that part of the world that was known in classical times to be inhabited and they were oriented with east at the top.
Traces of the maps' classical origins could regularly be seen in, for instance, the continued depiction of the provincial boundaries of the Roman Empire (which are partly visible on the Hereford map) and for many centuries by the island of Delos which had been sacred to the early Greeks being the centre of the inhabited world. They and the texts that they adorned continued to be copied by hand until late in the 15th century and are to be found in early printed books.
God dominates the world and the 'Marvels of the East' occupy the lower right edge of the map, as they do on the Hereford map. Together they would have provided a propaganda backdrop for the public appearances of the ruler, ruling body, noble or cleric who had commissioned them, and some may have been able to stand alone as visual histories.
The Hereford map, as an inscription at the lower left corner tells us, was certainly intended for use as a visual encyclopedia, to be 'heard, read and seen' by onlookers. Because of the maps' size, they were able to include far more information and illustration than their predecessors. More space was also found for current political references and information derived from contemporary military, religious and commercial itineraries.
Today, the earliest survivor, dating from the beginning of the thirteenth century, is a badly damaged example now in Vercelli Cathedral, probably having been brought to Italy in about 1219 by a papal legate returning from England. We know from Matthew Paris that the Westminster map was copied by others, and it is likely to have had a lasting influence even though the original was destroyed in 1265. A Latin legend in the bottom right corner of the Hereford map refers to the 5th century Christian propagandist Orosius as the main source for the map, but as we have already seen, it incorporates information from numerous ancient and thirteenth century sources and adds its own interpretations of them.
The map is an outstanding example of a map type that had evolved over the preceding eight centuries.
Make sure to get a “micro-cut shredder.” Shredders that cut paper into long strips are easy for scammers to recreate. The research revealed that hands- and eyes-free use of Apple’s Siri generated a relatively high category four level of mental distraction.


The closer you are to the person, the more painful the loss and the longer it will take to heal.
Several hundred coats will be purchased by the Rotary Club and distributed by school staff members. Should we spend about $10,000 to really clean it up, replace a few things and make it presentable to sell it faster? When a prospective buyer walks in and sees and smells new carpet and fresh paint, they don’t have strain their imaginations looking past everything. My guess is if the place is worth $85,000 fixed up it’ll probably bring about $65,000 as-is. The Dave Ramsey Show is heard by more than eight million listeners each week on more than 500 radio stations. Each has advanced through all the scout ranks, been active in the troop, earned at least 21 merit badges, provided planning and leadership for a service project, and successfully completed a board of review. Her husband, Lieutenant Frank Critchett, had died the previous month and his former comrades wanted to pay their respects.
With so many choices available, it can be difficult choosing what’s right for your family and home. For example, PurSTONE, a pre-engineered tile flooring available through Flooring America, can be installed quickly with or without grout on any level of a home.
Backed by a 20-year warranty, it can offer the resilience a carpet in a well-used room needs. For more information about the Hamden Democratic Town Committee, please visit them on Facebook.
Depending on extent, it can lead to pain and often numbness along the back part of your leg and thigh, sometimes as far as your foot. Often seen in our practice, patients with low back, buttock, and thigh pain can often have alignment issues with their pelvis and sacroiliac joint.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, I recommend that you get an evaluation from a licensed medical professional to guide you as to the best course of treatment.
Make your reservations or just walk in, but remind them you are there to support Opportunity House. On that day, community partners around the country will participate in a variety of youth-focused activities that celebrate youth who have steered away from alcohol and other drugs. The changing of the leaves on the trees, the crisp, cool air at night, and the warm breeze in the still of the day. I love that I can take my scooter around town and have to wear a lightweight jacket and my nose gets a bit runny by the time I get back home.
Zacchaeus stood up and said to Jesus that he would give half of his possessions to the poor, and if he had cheated anyone, he would pay them back four times the amount. In the past, we’ve visited the various departments so you could better understand what all these folks contribute to the day-to-day operations. Set the fan to run clockwise and the reverse motion will push warm air down from the ceiling. From its literal meaning in Greek it also signifies the plant ox-tongue, so called from its shape and roughness of its leaves. Conventionally holds a mirror in one hand, combing lovely hair with the other According to myth created by Ea, Babylonian water god. The large city at the top edge is Babylon (its description is the map's longest legend [A§181). 12-30.A  The conservator Christopher Clarkson drew my attention to the gouge in the Mapa€™s former frame. Talbert (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), which I employ throughout my book, but with the caution that in dealing with the manuscript culture of medieval Europe, it is misleading and anachronistic to speak of a€?standarda€? or a€?correcta€? spellings, especially of geographical words.
Casual visitors to the dark aisle where it hung could see only a dark, dirty image which they were encouraged to view in a pious, but also rather condescending manner. Crone of the Royal Geographical Society, revealed that despite the antiquity of many of the map's sources much was almost contemporary with the map's creation and was secular.
Much of the text that follows is an amplification of information panels and leaflets prepared for the British Library's current display of the map. Most medieval mapmakers seem to have accepted this constraint, but world maps showing four continents are not uncommon: notably the world maps created by Beatus of Liebana (#207) in the late 8th century to illustrate his Commentary on the Apocalypse of St. It may have incorporated information from an earlier survey commissioned by Julius Caesar and, to judge from some early references, it may originally have shown four continents.
These texts owed much to classical writers, particularly Pliny the Elder (23-79), who himself derived much of his information from still earlier writers such as the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus. As befitted the encyclopedic texts that they illustrated, the maps became visual encyclopedias of human and divine knowledge and not mere geographical maps. Many were purely schematic and symbolic, showing a T, representing the Mediterranean, the Don and the Nile, surrounded by an 0, for the great ocean encircling the world, sometimes with a fourth continent being added.
It was only from about 1120 that Jerusalem took Oclos' place as the focal point of the map, as it does on the Hereford Mappamundi. They retained and expanded the geographical and historical elements of the older maps - coastlines, layout and place names on the maps frequently reveal their ancestry - but to them they added several novel features.
Inscriptions of varying lengths amplified the pictures and sometimes contained references to their sources. Much better preserved, until its destruction in 1943, was the famous Ebstorf world map of about 1235.
It is difficult to account otherwise for the striking similarities in detailed arrangement and content between the Psalter world map, the recently discovered 'Duchy of Cornwall' fragment (probably commissioned in about 1285 by a cousin of Edward I for his foundation, Ashridge College in Hertfordshire) and the Aslake world map fragments of about 1360.
In many of its details it particularly resembles the Anglo-Saxon World Map of about 1000 and the twelfth century Henry of Mainz world map in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. Alfonso was born in Pontelatone, province of Caserta, Italy, May 22, 1936, a son of the late Michelangelo and Antonietta Micca Nero. As I walked into that room, my gut response was to try to save him despite the evidence that it was too late. Troop 608 has two more scouts who have completed their service project and are slated to earn their Eagle in the fall. Unlike natural stone that needs to be stained and maintained, this alternative can look better longer with minimal maintenance. Any Democrat interested in being considered for the position should send an email to Democratic Chair Lewis Panzo at .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) and attend the meeting.
In about 15 percent of the population, females more than males, the sciatic nerve will run through the muscle belly of the piriformis. There are several ligaments and muscle groups that directly attach to the pelvis, and their collective actions help keep it aligned. Lack of appropriate joint rotation can place undue stress on the adjacent joints, including low back. When strained, pain can be sharp or dull and occur most often when the leg is loaded in standing or walking.
Physical Therapy, diagnostic imaging, injections, or possibly even surgery may be necessary to eliminate your symptoms. Hamden High School’s Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) members created the “Above the Influence, on Top of My Game” message that appears on water bottles that were distributed through the Positive Choices Campaign to Hamden High School (HHS) Athletes. Fall does, however, bring along challenges, like the flu…which at this time my husband is battling. And, yes, I love the lack of humidity, and the fact that my hair doesn’t get frizzy after working on it for 20 minutes. But this time, instead of meeting our staff members, I want you to get to know one of our most active volunteers: Carol Mitchell.
Because the bookstore is the Friends’ major source of revenue, it’s very beneficial to the library. Crone points out that this reference has special significance because Augustus had also entrusted his son-in-law, M.
Sometimes identified with Sirens, the mythical enchantresses along coasts of the Mediterranean, who lured sailors to destruction by their singing.
Amazon means a€?without a breast,a€? according to tradition these women removed the right breast to use the bow.
At the right edge, a looping line shows the route of the wandering Israelites in their Exodus from Egypt; it crosses the Jordan to the left of a naked woman who looks over her shoulder at the sinking cities of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Dead Sea (she is Lot's wife, turned into a pillar of salt [A§254].
400), a text that was often attended during the Middle Ages by diagrammatic a€?mapsa€? illustrating the concept.A  See also David Woodward. Others delved into the question of its authorship, which had previously been assumed to be obvious from the wording on the map itself. The medievalized depiction on the bottom left corner of the Hereford world map of 'Caesar Augustus' commissioning a survey of the world from three surveyors representing the three corners of the world may be based on a muddled - and religiously acceptable - memory of these classical events.
Even though the inscriptions on the maps gradually became more and more garbled and the information more and more embellished, distorted, and misunderstood, they nevertheless retained their tenuous links with ancient learning. More than simple geographical shorthand, such maps were also meant to symbolize the crucifixion, the descent of man from Noah's three sons and the ultimate triumph of Christianity. Palestine itself was usually enlarged far beyond what, on a modern map, would have been its actual proportions.
A note on one of the most famous of them, the Ebstorf, says that it could be used for route planning.
Although the maps were still dominated by biblical and classical history and legend, most other information seems to have been acceptable and was accommodated within the traditional framework.
Far larger than the Hereford Word Map and much more colorful, it was probably created under the guidance of the itinerant English lawyer, teacher and diplomat, Gervase of Tilbury. In transmission some facts and text became garbled and some inscriptions are gobbled gook or wrong. Get real-time alerts about the latest scams, tips on how to spot them, and help if you or someone you know has been victimized. He moved to Hamden from Italy in 1968 to provide a better life for his family, and remained in Hamden for the past 46 years. It may also be triggered by coughing, sneezing, or laughing hard, as these activities can put pressure on the trunk area and compress the spine temporarily. In most studies, conservative treatment that addresses inflammation, restoring joint mobility and alignment, and appropriate strengthening have been shown to yield the best short and long term management of the above conditions.
He works with patients of all ages, pediatrics to geriatrics, as well as local high school and college athletes. So, he has asked me [his wife], Lisa, to jot down some of my thoughts, while he is resting on the living room sofa.
Little did he know that major change was in his forecast and his life would be forever altered. They’ve always got a great stock of bestsellers, paperbacks, and children’s books, all at bargain prices. You can also get a home energy audit to discover ways to improve your home’s interior quality.
The circle one-third of the way from the bottom is Jerusalem, the Map's central point, with a crucifixion scene above it ([A§387-89]). Its images and decoration have been examined from a stylistic standpoint by Nigel Morgan and put into the context of their time, while the late Wilma George examined the animals in the light of her own zoological knowledge [2] The chance discoveries of fragments of other English medieval world maps in recent years [3] have expanded the context within which the Hereford World Map can be examined, and the Royal Academy exhibition, 'The Age of Chivalry' of 1987 enabled the map to be displayed in the company of other non-cartographic artifacts of its own time. Generally, though, it was not difficult to adapt surviving copies of existing, secular world maps to suit the purposes of Christian writers from the 5th century onwards. This was in order to match its historical importance and to accommodate all the information that had to be conveyed. Christ would, for instance, be shown dominating the world, or the world might even be depicted as the actual body of Christ. The world was shown as the body of Christ and much space was devoted to the political situation in northern Germany: an area of particular concern to the Duke who may have commissioned it. Peter’s Episcopal Church (lower level), 2927 Dixwell Avenue in Hamden (just off Whitney Ave.).
The speaker will be a representative from Hindinger’s Farm, a fixture in Hamden since 1893. She is survived by a sister, Amelia (Joe) Diglio of Northford, a brother, Anthony (Carol) Dadio of Hamden, and many loving nieces and nephews. Scouts plan all the activities and gain valuable leadership, outdoor, and overall life skills with the help of dedicated scout leaders. Each school nominates two or three volunteers to represent the countless volunteers who give their time, talent, and treasure throughout the year in support of Catholic education. Say hi to me when you come by, or email me at .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) and follow me on Twitter!
Carte marine et portulan au XIIe siA?cle:A  Le Liber de existencia riveriarum et forma maris nostri Mediterranei.
The amount of space dedicated to the other parts of the world varied according to their traditional historical or biblical importance and the preoccupations of the author of the text that the map illustrated.
Get connected to people in your state who are sharing their experiences so you know what to watch out for. The troop had a fantastic week in July at Camp Sequassen in New Hartford and looks forward to the 2014-2015 season. Behind the blue band of the river is a grim array of grotesque figures to indicate the existence of primitive peoples. There may be significance in the soulless mermaid placed in the map close to the unattainable Holy Land, or she may be a possible temptation to sea-faring pilgrims. Phillott, wrote that it shows a a€?rejection of all that savoured of scientific geography, . Because of this, space devoted to the author or patron's homeland was often much exaggerated when judged by modern standards, as in the case of England, Wales and Ireland on the Hereford Mappa Mundi. Crone demonstrated, the Hereford also contains sequences of the more important place names along some major thirteenth century commercial and pilgrimage routes.
They have already been backpacking in Vermont, whitewater rafting on the Deerfield River in Massachusetts, and went on a canoe trip. On a world map, though, as opposed to the strip itinerary maps produced by Matthew Paris in about 1250, the route planning could only have been very approximate and very much incidental to the main purposes. Learn to outsmart scammers before they strike with tips based on hundreds of undercover fraud tapes and hours of interviews with former con artists and their victims.
More activities planned for this year include: a Westpoint football game, a trip to a shooting range, a Christmas tree sale, a ski trip, and several camping trips to state parks and scout reservations. 14), which may have resulted from the survey of the provinces ascribed by tradition to Julius Caesar.
In the Hereford map they could revel in this pictorial description of the outside world, which taught natural history, classical legends, explained the winds and reinforced their religious beliefs.
The two upright fingers branching up from the Mediterranean are the Aegean and the Black Sea with the Golden Fleece at its extremity.



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