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22.10.2014
This walk starts from the small town of Seaford on the Sussex coast, initially following the Vanguard Way before joining the South Downs Way at the village of Exceat on the banks of the Cuckmere River. By public transport, there is a station at Seaford, at the end of a branch line from Lewes.
Once on the seafront at Seaford, turn left as you face the sea, towards the Martello Tower. As you descend the headland you get the first view of the beautiful Seven Sisters (seven white cliffs) ahead. At the bottom of the headland are some stairs to access part of the beach of Cuckmere Haven although the path rises up again over Short Cliff where again there is access to the beach. After the climb over Short Cliff there are again steps down onto the beach at Cuckmere Haven. The river Cuckmere reaches the sea here but unfortunately there is no bridge at the coast, so it is necessary to make a diversion of around 1 mile inland to the road bridge at Exceat.
Exceat is where the Vanguard Way and the South Downs Way meet, but the South Downs way is well signed.
There is a short descent down Haven Brow before the path again climbs on to Short Brow, the second of the Seven Sisters.
From Brass Point there is a steep climb to Flagstaff Brow but another excellent view from the top, with views back towards Seaford and of Birling Gap to the East. After Flagstaff Brow there is one more climb up Bailey's Hill before you arrive at the hamlet of Birling Gap, where the is a pub and small hotel providing welcome refreshment.
From Beachy Head there are two ways to go back, the official South Down Way sticks to a high level path around the headland, but there is also a well marked path along a low level nearer to the sea. If you're returning to Seaford, buses leave frequently (around every 15 minutes during the day time) from the bus station, a short distance in land from the pier and are operated by Brighton and Hove Buses.
Every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of information on this site, but liability will not be assumed in the event of any inaccuracies. A four-part series that reveals how a secret pact formed a cartel that controls the world's oil.
We waged the Iran-Iraq war and I say we waged it, because one country had to be used to destroy the other. Since that notorious meeting at Achnacarry Castle on August 28, 1928, they have never ceased to plot, to plan and to scheme. Throughout the region's modern history, since the discovery of oil, the Seven Sisters have sought to control the balance of power.They have supported monarchies in Iran and Saudi Arabia, opposed the creation of OPEC, profiting from the Iran-Iraq war, leading to the ultimate destruction of Saddam Hussein and Iraq.
At the end of the 1960s, the Seven Sisters, the major oil companies, controlled 85 percent of the world's oil reserves.
New hunting grounds are therefore required, and the Sisters have turned their gaze towards Africa. In their bid to dominate Africa, the Sisters installed a king in Libya, a dictator in Gabon, fought the nationalisation of oil resources in Algeria, and through corruption, war and assassinations, brought Nigeria to its knees. Oil may be flowing into the holds of huge tankers, but in Lagos, petrol shortages are chronic. The country's four refineries are obsolete and the continent's main oil exporter is forced to import refined petrol - a paradox that reaps fortunes for a handful of oil companies. Encouraged by the companies, corruption has become a system of government - some $50bn are estimated to have 'disappeared' out of the $350bn received since independence.
China, with its growing appetite for energy, has found new friends in Sudan, and the Chinese builders have moved in. In order to export 500,000 barrels of oil a day from the oil fields in the South - China financed and built the Heglig pipeline connected to Port Sudan - now South Sudan's precious oil is shipped through North Sudan to Chinese ports. In a bid to secure oil supplies out of Libya, the US, the UK and the Seven Sisters made peace with the once shunned Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, until he was killed during the Libyan uprising of 2011, but the flow of Libyan oil remains uninterrupted.
In need of funds for rebuilding, Libya is now back to pumping more than a million barrels of oil per day. From the fortunes of the Nobel family to the Russian revolution, to World War II, oil from the Caucasus and the Caspian has played a central role.
On his birthday in 1941, Adolf Hitler received a chocolate and cream birthday cake, representing a map.
After World War II, President Nikita Krushchev would build the Soviet empire and its Red Army with revenues from the USSR’s new-found oil reserves.


Decades later, oil would bring that empire to its knees, when Saudi Arabia and the US would conspire to open up the oil taps, flood the markets, and bring the price of oil down to $13 per barrel. The US and Putin‘s Russia would prop up despots, and exploit regional conflicts to maintain a grip on the oil fields of the Caucusus and the Caspian. But they would not have counted on the rise of a new, strong and hungry China, with an almost limitless appetite for oil and energy. Peak oil – the point in time at which the highest rate of oil extraction has been reached, and after which world production will start decline. But while there may be less oil coming out of the ground, the demand for it is definitely on the rise.
The final episode of this series explores what happens when oil becomes more and more inaccessible, while at the same time, new powers like China and India try to fulfill their growing energy needs.
And countries like Iran, while suffering international sanctions, have welcomed these new oil buyers, who put business ahead of lectures on human rights and nuclear ambitions.
At the same time, oil-producing countries have had enough with the Seven Sisters controlling their oil assets. Mainly state-owned, the new Seven Sisters control a third of the world's oil and gas production, and more than a third of the world's reserves. As the global competition for energy heats up, we examine how new players are rewriting the rules of the great oil game. From Rwanda to the former Yugoslavia, photojournalist Jack Picone shares his most disturbing memories of war. The number of children living at the al-Amal Institute for Orphans has nearly doubled since the 2014 war.
As witch-hunts and sorcery killings spread across Papua New Guinea, 101 East investigates shocking human rights abuses.
President Dilma Rousseff's political fate uncertain as senate head overrules lower house speaker's annulment order. Unofficial tally shows Rodrigo Duterte poised to become president after campaign dominated by pledge to kill criminals.
???? 28 ????????? ??? 1928, ??? Highlands ??? ???????, ?????? ? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? Achnacarry – ???? ????????, ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????. The walk then continues through the Seven Sisters Country Park, over the famous Seven Sisters cliffs to Birling Gap, where there is a small beach.
It is mainly served by local trains from Brighton, operated by Southern with good connections from the London - Eastbourne trains at Lewes. Seaford is a small town on the South Coast, just a short distance from the port of Newhaven. As you descend the headland you pass Buckle Church Burrows, a local nature reserve on the right. The pavement is unfortunately on the other side of the road from the path so you need to cross the road, only to have to cross back again once over the bridge to the pavement on the other side! Here there is a choice, follow the lower level path next to the river as far as Foxhole, then join the South Downs Way there, or join the South Downs Way straight away over Combe Bottom.
The view from the top is superb, back over Cuckmere Haven and to Seaford head in the West and views towards Beach Head in the east.
There is also a path inland (marked as Gap Bottom on the map) to the village of East Dean, from where you can get buses to Eastbourne and Seaford.
From the top of Went Hill there are excellent views back towards Seaford and the Seven Sisters. Once on Went Hill the path descends again before the climb up to Beachy Head, from where you get good views of the famous lighthouse. There are good views to Eastbourne as you approach, although it's shame about the ugly block of flats. Although initially joining the road there are paths through gardens at a lower level for most of the walk into Eastbourne.
A little further back there is also a railway station, where there are regular trains to Bexhill, Hastings and Brighton and longer distance services to Lewes, Haywards Heath, Gatwick Airport, Croyden and London, all operated by Southern.
Three men had an appointment at Achnacarry Castle - a Dutchman, an American and an Englishman.
With peak oil, wars in the Middle East, and the rise in crude prices, Africa is the oil companies' new battleground.


It was revealed through exploration by the American company Chevron, towards the end of the 70s.
Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir is proud of his co-operation with China - a dam on the Nile, roads, and stadiums. The crucial battle of Stalingrad was the key to the road to the Caucasus and Baku’s oil, and would decide the outcome of the war. Russian oligarchs would take up the oil mantle, only to be put in their place by their president, Vladimir Putin, who knows that oil is power.
Today, the US, Russia and China contest the control of the former USSR’s fossil fuel reserves, and the supply routes. Many geologists and the International Energy Agency say the world's crude oil output reached its peak in 2006. Nationalisation of oil reserves around the world has ushered in a new generation of oil companies all vying for a slice of the oil pie. The old Seven Sisters, by comparison, produce a tenth of the world's oil, and control only three percent of the reserves. Plus, the media weaponry fuelling Yemen's information war.Politics, Corruption, MediaHead to HeadKenya: Democracy on trial? After Birling Gap there is a climb onto the spectacular Beachy Head and then a choice of paths from there into Eastbourne. By bus, services 12 and 712 run around every 10 minutes from Brighton, Peacehaven, Newhaven, East Dean and Eastbourne operated by Brighton and Hove Buses and Stagecoach South.
The beach is shingle, with a Martello Tower and Seaford Head in one direction and the headland at Newhaven visible in the other direction. Another alternative is to follow the path down to the beach and then take one of the steep paths from there onto the cliff top. The Dutchman was Henry Deterding, a man nicknamed the Napoleon of Oil, having exploited a find in Sumatra.
Whoever controls the Caucasus and its roads, controls the transport of oil from the Caspian Sea.
A three-handed match, with the world as spectators, between three ferocious beasts – The American eagle, the Russian bear, and the Chinese dragon.
The first part of the footpath is on the Vanguard way, a footpath that runs from Croyden to Newhaven. Sadly, the coastal erosion here means that the row of cottages is slowly disappearing into the sea. There is another Martello Tower on the seafront, similar to the one at Seaford and from there it's a short walk to the pier. He joined forces with a rich ship owner and painted Shell salesman and together the two men founded Royal Dutch Shell.The American was Walter C.
It lasted for 19 years and cost a million and a half lives and the oil business was at the heart of it. The view from the headland is spectacular and the path is adjacent to a golf course on the climb up.
Oil wells, transport, refining and distribution of oil - everything is controlled by Standard oil.The Englishman, Sir John Cadman, was the director of the Anglo-Persian oil Company, soon to become BP.
On the initiative of a young Winston Churchill, the British government had taken a stake in BP and the Royal Navy switched its fuel from coal to oil. The new automobile industry was developing fast, and the Ford T was selling by the million. The world was thirsty for oil, and companies were waging a merciless contest but the competition was making the market unstable.That August night, the three men decided to stop fighting and to start sharing out the world's oil.
Their vision was that production zones, transport costs, sales prices - everything would be agreed and shared.
And so began a great cartel, whose purpose was to dominate the world, by controlling its oil.Four others soon joined them, and they came to be known as the Seven Sisters - the biggest oil companies in the world.



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