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admin | Get Rid Of Bacterial Infection | 12.09.2015
An infection is an invasion and multiplying of pathogenic microbes in the body tissues in which they are not usually present (1). Ask a Doctor Online Now!A colonization is the usual presence of non-pathogenic and even potentially pathogenic microbes on the skin, in the nose, mouth, bowel, penile or vaginal mucosa, as a part of normal human flora, in the amount not harmful for the body – this is not an infection. A contamination is the presence of germs which do not multiply, for example, in a contaminated (not infected)wound. A carrier state is the non-usual presence of pathogenic microbes in the body, in the way not harmful for the carrier, but potentially dangerous for others, since the carrier is usually contagious. An overgrowth of microbes, non-pathogenic in small amount, but pathogenic in large amount, for example, an overgrowth of Clostridium difficile bacteria in the colon can cause life threatening pseudomembranous colitis.
Re-activation of an infection may occur; for example, a Varicella zoster virus, which has remained dormant in the roots of the spinal nerves after successfully healed chicken pox, may be re-activated during stress or certain disease, and can cause shingles.
Bacteremia, viremia, fungemia and parasitemia (the presence of microbes in the blood) may result in an infection of other organs, or sepsis.
Systemic infection, like influenza, affects the whole body and causes systemic symptoms, like general malaise, muscle pains, fever, nausea, etc.
Localized infection, like cellulitis, is limited to one or few body parts and presents with localized symptoms, like redness, swelling, pain or localized (nasal, ear, etc.) discharge. Chronic infection, like tuberculosis or AIDS, may last from several weeks to several years. Recurrent infection is one that frequently affects a person, like folliculitis in those who share the same sport equipment, or fungal infections  in those with lowered immunity. Invasion of multi-cellular parasites, like intestinal worms or head lice, into the body is called infestation. Viral infections are often systemic and may cause fever, headache, runny nose, sore throat, muscle and joint pains, diarrhea, skin rash, etc. Fungal (yeast) infections in a person with a healthy immune system usually affect only the skin. In a person with a weak immune system, fungal infections, commonly caused by a yeast Candida albicans, may appear in the mouth (oral thrush), esophagus, rectum or vagina; systemic candidiasis is severe and commonly fatal infection. Parasitic infections cause different symptoms, depending on the type of parasite and organ affected. Infestation (Latin infestare = to attack, disturb) is an invasion of multi-cellular parasites, like intestinal worms (helminths) or head lice to the body. In medical terms, the incubation period is the time from when a person is exposed to an infectious agent (pathogenic microorganism) till the onset of signs and symptoms. Fever in localized skin infections or food poisoning may be absent, in tuberculosis or viral pneumonia it is usually low-grade, in influenza moderate, and in bacterial pneumonia or sepsis high. Pain in childhood viral infections and flu is usually general and vague, and in localized bacterial infections, like bacterial prostatitis, localized and intense.
Discharge from the nose, eyes, ears, trachea, bronchi and lungs (phlegm, sputum), nipples, bowel (mucus in the stool), urethra, vagina and wounds may appear in all types of infections. An incubation period is the time elapsed between exposure to pathogenic microbes and symptoms appearance. An autoinfection – the spread of an infection from one body part to another, usually by hands or clothes (folliculitis, impetigo). By drinking contaminated water, one can contract stomach flu, cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever, amebiasis, etc. By swimming in contaminated swimming or spa pools, or lakes, one can contract hot tub folliculitis, intestinal parasite Cryptosporidium, eye and middle ear infections. Industrial cooling or hot water systems, air condition and room-air humidifiers can be a source of Legionella.
During walking barefoot, Clostridium tetani, sandworms, or intestinal parasites, like Strongyloides stercoralis or hookworms can be contacted. Infections acquired in hospitals can be dangerous, since causing microbes are often resistant to regular antibiotics, and patients infected are often already seriously ill. Legionella may be sometimes found in the tap water in newly opened or poorly maintained hospitals. A fomite is an inanimate object or substance capable of transmitting infectious agents (microorganisms) from one object to another. Ask a Doctor Online Now!Microbes may make harm by releasing toxins, for example, in food poisoning, a parasite Entameba hystolytica can release toxins, which can destroy colonic mucosa, resulting in bleeding ulcers and diarrhea. Invasion of microbes triggers immune response of the body and attracts inflammatory cells, like leukocytes, and substances, like cytokines, which attack the microbes.
Effective anti-microbial medications for most infections, except viral ones, are available.
Ask a Doctor Online Now!Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis.
Amir, the base of infection is an invasion of microorganism into your body what results in inflammation. If you think you have or had a yeast infection, keep reading and learn how they happen, how to treat them, why you really should see a doctor and how to prevent them from coming back. Chances are, everything you’ve heard about yeast infections is actually just about vaginal yeast infections.
Another common type of yeast infection that you probably had no idea was even a yeast infection? Nope, a yeast infection technically isn’t a sexually transmitted disease, because there are ways to contract it that have nothing to do with sexual activity (more on that in a second). Your doc can sometimes diagnose a vaginal yeast infection based on your description of your symptoms, but often will give you a vaginal exam too to be sure.
Talking to your doctor or gynecologist is the only way to truly know if you have a yeast infection–and how to treat it if you do! If you’re on antibiotics or use hormonal contraceptives containing estrogen (like the birth control pill), IUDs, the NuvaRing, diaphragms or menstrual or contraceptive sponges can up your risk of a yeast infection. Common causes of yeast infections include taking baths instead of showers–especially if you use bubble bath, staying in a wet swimsuit all day, not changing your pads or tampons often enough when you have your period, not changing your underwear or doing laundry often enough, not drying your underwear thoroughly before putting them on and wearing underwear made of synthetic fabrics, like polyester or nylon.
Once you go to the doctor (and yes, yet again, you better go to the doctor!), he or she may advise you to take an over-the-counter vaginal yeast infection treatment. Often, doctors will combine oral and topical (medicines you put directly on the skin) medications. This is super important: Usually, your symptoms will go away before your yeast infection is totally gone. If you have recurring yeast infections, you should ask your doctor about taking long-term medication to stop the growth of yeast to maintain your balance down there.
To avoid the discomfort and inconvenience of a yeast infection later, you can take steps now to prevent them. Avoid hot baths or hot tubs, as the combination of the heat and the moisture can cause bacteria to creep in and give you another yeast infection. In the words of Hippocrates, "Let your food be your medicine, and your medicine be your food."If you keep in mind this famous saying, for most of your life you will remain healthy!Antibiotics are medicine used to treat and prevent bacterial infections. AbstractNecrotizing fasciitis is a term used to describe soft tissue infections distinguished by extensive necrosis of the soft tissue, systemic toxicity, and high mortality. Approximately 500 to 1500 cases of necrotizing fasciitis are described in the United States yearly.1 Significant mortality and morbidity is associated with necrotizing fasciitis. Risk factors for necrotizing fasciitis include: diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, intravenous drug abuse, obesity, human immunodeficiency virus infection, varicella infection, and any other disease state that compromises the host immune system. Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) has been associated with development of necrotizing fasciitis.
Type I infections are the most common type of necrotizing fasciitis, causing approximately two-thirds of all cases.5 These are polymicrobial infections with an anaerobic species, such as Bacteroides or Peptostreptococcus isolated in combination with gram-positive cocci or gram-negative rods. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is not commonly isolated in type I infections.6,7 If the patient has been exposed to marine water, Vibrio spp. In this era of drug-resistant bacteria, there have been reports of multi-drug resistant organisms causing type I infections.
Type II infections are typically monomicrobial infections with hemolytic group A streptococcal (GAS) bacteria. Streptococcal surface proteins M1 and M3 protect the bacterial cell from phagocytosis with neutrophils.
Article Necrotizing fasciitis is a term used to describe soft tissue infections distinguished by extensive necrosis of the soft tissue, systemic toxicity, and high mortality.
For example, if you have Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (a common cause of skin infections) in your nose, you may infect others, even if you alone never develop an infection.


Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth due to invasion of otherwise non-harmful colonic bacteria into the small intestine can cause bloating and diarrhea. Example: infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which can cause infectious mononucleosis, often triggers no symptoms in small children. Examples of bacterial infections: staphylococcal skin infections, pseudomonas folliculitis, streptococcal pharyngitis, osteomyelitis, pneumococcal pneumonia, bacterial meningitis, etc. Patchy areas with a brownish or reddish scaly rash on the scalp (scalp ringworm), trunk, limbs or groin (jock itch), peeled skin on the hands or feet (athlete’s foot), or discolored or cracked nails are typical symptoms of a skin fungal infection.
Intestinal parasites cause bloating, diarrhea, mucus in the stool and eventual weight loss.
Not every person who comes into contact with an infectious agent will become infected but once the infection is acquired, the micoorganism will take a period of time during which it multiplies and spreads within the body until the point that signs and symptoms become evident. There is no single specific symptom but a combination of symptoms and signs that speak for an infection.
In everyday speech, only infections transmitted directly from person to person (like flu) are considered as contagious.
Once contaminated, fomites may carry microbes for few minutes or several weeks, depending on the type of the microbe and certain circumstances, like air humidity and temperature. Such a defense reaction regularly results in an inflammation of infected tissue, which can be observed, for example, as purulent discharge in common cold or swollen joint in bacterial arthritis. For example, Streptococcus pneumoniae , causing pneumonia, can trigger fluid collection in the lungs, impeding oxygen exchange between the air and the blood and thus reducing the oxygen supply to the tissues, what may result in death. When in doubt, a doctor can take a sample of blood, urine, stool, sputum, nasal or other discharge and send it to laboratory, where microbes can be determined by serologic tests or a culture.
A doctor can often make a diagnosis from symptoms and physical examination, but in doubtfull or severe cases, lab tests has to be done to determine the causing microbe. When you get a yeast infection, it’s actually an overgrowth of a type of yeast called candida.
But alas, the most dreaded form of a yeast infection is, of course, the vaginal or vulvovaginal yeast infection: the one that happens down there. You may experience extreme itchiness around the vagina or vulva, skin irritation, redness and soreness around the vagina, pain during sexual intercourse (or any other sexual activity, depending on what you’re into and what you or your partner are doing down there) and a white discharge that looks like cottage cheese.
Because yeast infections can make sex really uncomfortable, it’s better to go without it than to be silent and in pain just to make your partner happy for a few minutes. Angela Jones explains, “Routine yeast infections can be treated with an over the counter medication such as Monistat. The very items that companies try to sell you to make you smell better are ones that can give you infections and make it worse! Erica Zelfand warns of fluconazole, though, saying, “Although fluconazole does a great job of killing off the yeast, it works a little too well, throwing off the balance of microbes not only in the vagina, but also in the gut.
For that reason, keep taking your medication as long as your doctor prescribed it for or as long as the instructions say, otherwise it’s just going to come back! If you’re super itchy and you scratch down there and accidentally break the skin or cut yourself, you run the risk of getting more germs and other infections. The problem with at-home yeast infection cures is that none of them have been medically or scientifically proven, and as a result can make your problem even worse. Your doctor will probably prescribe antifungal medicines as for you to take every week or every month for about six months to a year, depending on how your body reacts to them. Wash and dry your underwear thoroughly and change at least once a day so no bacteria get trapped on or in you.
Those mess up your natural balance of pH and good bacteria down there, and that can make your body produce more yeast and more bad bacteria, leading to another infection. Eating yogurt with active cultures in it can help you balance out your natural good bacteria, which keeps your yeast levels in check and your vagina working and self-cleaning the way it should. Zelfand also recommends eating a diet low in sugar and low in refined carbohydrates, like pastas, breads, pastries and potatoes, because sugar suppresses your immune system and can feed the infection. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. We intake antibiotics to treat stomach infections, ear infections and other several health problems.When we are on antibiotics, it is so effective that they can either kill the growth of bacteria or inhibit it. To the layman, these infections are known to be caused by “flesh eating bacteria,” a phrase that refers to a group A β-hemolytic streptococcal necrotizing infection. The term necrotizing fasciitis refers to 2 distinct types of infection based on the characteristics of the offending pathogen.
The analgesic effects have been implicated in masking the pain of the necrotizing infection, causing a delay in the diagnosis. Bacteria penetrate into the subcutaneous tissue, track into the superficial fascia, and migrate deep into the soft tissue and muscle planes.
Contamination also refers to presence of pathogenic microbes on medical equipment, in the water, food etc. Examples of viral infections: influenza, childhood diseases like chicken pox, rubella, rubeolla and infectious mononucleosis, AIDS, viral hepatitis, viral hemorrhagic fever, etc. Effective over the counter or prescribed anti-fungal ointments and oral medications are available. Yeast infections suck and are super uncomfortable when you have them, but they’re also really common and totally treatable and curable.
Still, always, always, always use condoms and practice safe sex at all times … or else you may end up with something a lot scarier than a yeast infection. Second, what you do with your body is your business and that of your sexual partner or partners, and however many you have is up to you. A common problem; however, is that many women self-diagnose, and what is presumed to be a yeast infection often times is not. But a doctor is the only person who can actually diagnose what issue you have going on down there. Because so many steps need to be taken to make sure it’s a yeast infection and not another kind of problem, you should always book it to the gynecologist if you sense a problem. If that gets left untreated, your yeast infection can possibly spread to your bloodstream and potentially other parts of your body and make you really sick.
You’d be taking a big risk by, say, shoving celery up your hoo-ha instead of just seeing a doctor who can prescribe something specifically made to treat your problem. Taking the antifungal medicine for a while will most likely stop your yeast infections from coming back so often. Cotton and silk are breathable and will let your natural moisture down there evaporate–which is good.
In essence, those kinds of products are causing the very issues they try to make you insecure about.
Ever had what you thought was a yeast infection but ended up being something totally different? It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. However, these natural antibiotics mentioned in the list do not fight infections which is caused by viruses - like colds, flu, coughs etc.These natural antibiotics also do not work against fungal infections.
Each will be discussed, along with risk factors for disease, current recommendations for treatment, and adjunctive therapies available.
Toxins and adhesion proteins produced by the bacteria play an important role in the disease process. Overactivation of the host immune system is responsible for systemic toxic shock syndrome, with symptoms including: chills, fever, severe hypotension, and shock. In fact, 75 percent of women will have a vaginal yeast infection at some point in her life–which still stinks, but probably makes you feel a little better, right?
Oral yeast infections, also called oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis or thrush, are common in infants, the elderly, AIDS patients and in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.
Normally if you follow the instructions from your doc, you have an 80 to 90 percent chance of being totally cured from your yeast infection. But they may not be a 100 percent safe bet, because studies have shown that after women stop taking their longterm antifungal medicines, roughly 30 to 40 percent will get another vaginal yeast infection … so they have to start the process all over again. Polyester, rayon, nylon and other synthetic fabrics trap moisture and lock it in, which means you’ll have more a chance of another yeast infection later. Zelfand notes that other foods that can fight off yeast infections include sauerkraut, miso soup, kimchee and lots of fruits and vegetables to support the immune system.
As the mites burrow and lay eggs inside the skin, the infestation leads to relentless itching and an angry rash.


Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. These infections are reported in both pediatrics and adults alike with similar pathogenesis; however, this article will focus on the care of the adult population in terms of antibiotic dosing recommendations. Case reports of infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been reported. Microvascular occlusions…High-dose beta-lactam and clindamycin therapy are the backbone of antibiotic treatment for necrotizing fasciitis, but surgical debridement remains the mainstay of overall care. Except of acyclovir and related antiviral drugs, at present, there is not a lot of effective medicines for viral diseases available.
If you’re on antibiotics, use an inhaler for asthma or have diabetes, you may also be subject to an oral yeast infection. Whoever thinks or says this is ignorant and probably has a lot of issues of their own that are much worse than a yeast infection. There are a lot of different kind of bacterial infections that can be misdiagnosed as yeast infections, like bacterial vaginosis, which has similar symptoms. So seriously, if you think you may have a yeast infection, please, for the love of Harry Styles, go to the doctor! Scabies SymptomsWhen a person is infested with scabies for the first time, it can take four to six weeks for the skin to react. This may become a more common bacteria isolated in these infections due to the increasing problem of drug resistance.9 One can sometimes predict which organisms are causing a polymicrobial infection, based on the history of the illness and location of the infection. Surgical removal of parasitic cysts, like in Echinococcus, from the liver, bones, brain or lungs is sometimes required. It’s important to note, though, that not everyone has every single sign of a yeast infection if and when they get one. Cotton ones will also be less expensive (bonus!), and they’re still cute, despite having an unfair rep as generally looking like granny panties.
It doesn’t need outside help other than plain old soap and water on the outside only.
Having one or more signs is reason enough to scurry your cute behind off to the gynecologist!
Plus, considering how common yeast infections are in women, chances are your mom has dealt with one at some point, and she may be able to comfort you through it. Scabies BurrowsAnother hallmark of scabies is the appearance of track-like burrows in the skin. How Does Scabies Spread?Scabies typically spreads through prolonged, skin-to-skin contact that gives the mites time to crawl from one person to another. Mix 1 tbsp of turmeric powder, 6 tbs of honey, mix the ingredients well and store in a air tight container.
However, canine scabies and feline scabies are not caused by the same type of mite that triggers human scabies. You can get mites from handling an infested pet, but these mites can’t reproduce in human skin. Therefore, it is good to add a dry or fresh piece of ginger in your cooking to curb these infections. All you need to do is mix 10 to 15 drops of this extract in a half glass of water and drink it 2 or 3 times a day.
The child's classmates and caregivers will probably need to be treated as well, even if symptoms have yet to appear.
Scabies in Nursing HomesLong-term care facilities, including nursing homes and homes for the developmentally disabled, are also prone to scabies outbreaks.
Because caregivers assist residents with bathing and dressing, skin-to-skin contact is common. Crusted ScabiesAlso called Norwegian scabies, crusted scabies is a very severe infestation involving tens of thousands of mites on a single person.
Platelets and neutrophils aggregate to occlude small blood vessels.1 This process continues as long as toxins are being released from the bacteria and tissue absorbs those toxins. Crusted scabies is most common in people with weakened immune systems, the elderly, and people who are disabled.
This type of scabies is highly contagious and requires swift treatment to prevent outbreaks.
Diagnosing ScabiesIn most cases, a doctor can identify scabies based on the appearance of the rash and your description of the itch.
This involves collecting skin from the affected area and using a microscope to check the sample for mites, eggs, or fecal matter. Treatment is a cream or lotion that is applied to the entire body from the neck down in most cases. A delay in the surgical removal of the dead tissue or incomplete removal can be associated with substantial increases in mortality.12 These patients may require several wound debridements to ensure eradication of all infected tissue.
If the tissue is easily dissected with a blunt object, shows gas development, or fails to respond to antibiotic therapy, further surgical removal will be necessary. Treating Scabies: Itch ReliefWhile prescriptions can kill scabies mites and their eggs, they don't provide any immediate itch relief.
Vacuum-assisted closure devices may be advantageous over traditional wound dressings to promote wound healing.13 Antibiotics should be used to treat the secondary bacteremia and underlying infected tissue. Gram stain and cultures should be performed on the surgically removed tissue and blood to guide therapy.
Hydrocortisone cream may also help, but it can change the appearance of the scabies rash, making the condition harder to diagnose. Antibiotics should empirically cover the most likely causative agents, while taking into consideration drug-resistant bacteria and local resistance rates.
High dose beta-lactam and clindamycin therapy are the backbone of antibiotic treatment for necrotizing fasciitis, but surgical debridement remains the mainstay of overall care. Who Needs to Be Treated?When someone is diagnosed with scabies, anyone who has close physical contact with the person should also be treated. Doctors usually recommend treating all members of the household, even if symptoms are not present. To make sure these mites are killed, wash any sheets and clothing used by the affected person within the past three days. Its recommended for patients not allergic to penicillin to cover the aforementioned organisms in suspected polymicrobial infections.
How Soon Will Scabies Go Away?Scabies medications can kill the mites and eggs quickly, and patients can usually return to school or work 24 hours after starting treatment. Clindamycin is a bacterial protein synthesis inhibitor that binds to the 50S subunit on the ribosome.
It is used to help kill the gram-positive organisms including S aureus and some community-acquired strains of MRSA.
It also works in streptococcal and staphylococcal infections to help decrease the release of the super-antigens these bacteria can produce. The beneficial effects are proposed to be from neutralization of superantigens produced in group A streptococcal infections.16 The use of intravenous immune gamma-globulin in these patients is controversial and not currently recommended in treatment guidelines. The LRINEC (laboratory risk indicator for necrotizing fasciitis) score: a tool for distinguishing necrotizing fascistic from other soft tissue infections. Necrotizing soft-tissue infection: diagnosis and management [published online ahead of print January 22, 2007]. Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of skin and soft tissue infections [published online ahead of print October 14, 2005]. Aggressive surgical management of necrotizing fasciitis serves to decrease mortality: a retrospective study. Improved outcome of clindamycin compared with beta-lactam antibiotic treatment for invasive Streptococcus pyogenes infections.
Intravenous Immunoglobulin G therapy in streptococcal toxic shock syndrome: a European randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial [published online ahead of print July 17, 2003]. Thompson, PharmD, BS, University of Kentucky Hospital, Department of Pharmacy, 800 Rose St.



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