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Urine is the liquid waste that the body excretes after extraction of all the vital nutrients from the food and drinks we consume.
Women are likely to have Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) frequently than men, and though rare, but some females can have infections every time they have in intercourse.
This causes the lining to be infected and causes burning sensation while urinating and itching and redness, thus indicating an infection. There are various ointments and lubricants used in external protection against childbirth that cause imbalance in acidic content of the bladder.
Waiting too long past the time you feel the need to release urine leads to stretching the bladder beyond its capacity. Gradually, the bladder is not able to pass the amount of urine it should and a little urine is always left in the bladder giving home to bacteria.
During pregnancy, there are various medicines and antibiotics that change the urine compositions. It is common for the lining of the bladder to get infected with all the food extracted of nutrients and liquids that are useless.
Not cleaning the area properly, unhygienic and unwashed undergarments, infrequent changing of sanitary napkins or tampons during menses cause bacteria build up and infect the urinary tract and its surroundings. Are you tired of seeing that paunch coming out right from under your snug t-shirts or paunch. A person with bacteria in urine will typically complain of a specific set of symptoms, including painful urination and burning sensations when passing urine. In some cases, people may suffer from bacteria in urine but may not experience any visible symptoms.
Asymptomatic cases of bacteria in urine generally do not cause any damage to the health of a person. The unusual genital anatomy of women makes them more susceptible to developing bacteria in urine than men. In men, bacteria in urine is usually caused due to bladder infections that arise due to enlargement or inflammation of the prostate gland. UTI in children may cause vesicoureteral reflux, a disorder marked by backward flow of urine from bladder to ureters. Other risk factors that increase the vulnerability to developing bacteria in urine are long-term use of bladder catheters and abstaining from urination or withholding urine in bladder for long periods of time. Asymptomatic cases of bacteria in urine are not harmful and usually do not need any medical treatment.
Eating healthy is the most essential part of pregnancy for the mother as well as the child.
Tinea versicolor is a type of fungal skin infection caused by a yeast species that naturally occurs on the human skin. Hiccups are a natural function of the human body and everyone experiences it time to time but these are most common in babies, especially among the ones under a year old.
Medically referred to as dysgeusia, a taste of metal in mouth is an indication of an acidic, metallic, or sour flavor in the mouth. Bacteria that cause many urinary tract infections are normally coated in fine hairlike structures known as pili (top), but researchers have been developing new drugs that leave the bacteria bald and incapable of causing infections (bottom). This content has not been reviewed within the past year and may not represent WebMD's most up-to-date information. To find the most current information, please enter your topic of interest into our search box. WEDNESDAY, May 8 (HealthDay News) -- Women suffering from recurring urinary tract infections may carry a particularly hearty strain of E.
Now the research published May 8 in the journal Science Translational Medicine suggests some strains of E. While studying a group of women who suffered from repeated episodes of urinary tract infection, the multinational team of researchers discovered strains of E. More than half of all women develop at least one urinary tract infection during their lifetimes, according to the study. If you're not brushing and flossing regularly, you are at risk for gum disease and potential health problems. Therapist Steven Sultanoff explains the utility of humor in counseling, and Jeffrey Briar leads a session of Laughter Yoga on Laguna Beach. Treatment of these stones involves removing all fragments if possible because the culprit bacteria are usually harbored within the stone. Kajander and colleagues found that nanobacteria were present in kidney stones and that giving rats nanobacteria can lead to the development of stones. However, other researchers have not been able to consistently find these particles in kidney stones or in the urine of kidney stone patients. Unlike in the two preceding examples where having too much bacteria is a problem, in the case of Oxalobacter formigenes, it’s not having enough of these bacteria that may be the cause of stones. Oxalobacter formigenes are bacteria that normally live in the gut of humans and other animals. High oxalate levels in the urine are a risk factor for stones, as oxalate can combine with calcium to form calcium-oxalate stones, the most common stone type.


Researchers have proposed that kidney stone formers with high levels of oxalate in their urine may benefit from being given either oxalobacter in the form of concentrate or other bacteria that can degrade oxalate in the form of probiotics containing lactic acid bacilli. Further work needs to be done in this area to definitively determine the true role of oxalobacter formigenes in stone disease and its potential as a treatment to reduce stone rates. Lieske et al, “Diet, but not oral probiotics, effectively reduces urinary oxalate excretion and calcium oxalate supersaturation” Kidney International 2010. Wood and Shoskes, “The role of nanobacteria in urologic disease” World Journal Urology 2006. Siva et al, “A critical analysis of the role of gut Oxalobacter formigenes in oxalate stone disease” BJU International, 2008.
Mike M Nguyen, MD, MPH, is a urologist and an Associate Professor of Clinical Urology at the Keck School of Medicine of USC in Los Angeles, CA. My son has daily numerous kidney stones for the last two years the the dr said are caused by infection. However, there are times, when there is bacteria or germ buildup in the urine due to various reasons which causes burning sensation while urinating, pain in lower abdomen, itching and redness as the visible symptoms of the infection in the vagina and in urine. This tube is short and is likely to get affected by bacteria while wiping after the use of toilet, or during activities like sex. The risk of infection usually lies at the onset of sexual activities and during early marriage period. Though it is not a major problem, but the infections may lead to problems during pregnancy and childbirth causing premature delivery and low weight at birth.
Water is essential to hydrate the system and keep the bladder and urinary tracts free from bacteria through proper cleansing of the body by frequent urination.
Take care of the hygiene by using antiseptic dips for the clothes, especially undergarments, and avoid very tight clothes. The kidneys absorb all the minerals and essential nutrients as well as remove water-soluble waste matter from the blood; the latter gets removed along with urine. If different types or species of bacteria are detected in a urine specimen, then it may possibly be contaminated. It is vital to treat UTIs and bacteriuria as untreated cases can progress to severe health complications. The doctor will then order for a battery of diagnostic tests, including urine tests such as a urinalysis as well as culture studies of the urine specimen in a lab. The elevated levels of bacteria in urine are typically detected during routine health tests.
However, pregnant women, individuals who have previously undergone a kidney transplant operation, and diabetics need to medically treat even this harmless form of bacteriuria. Hence, people with poor personal hygiene are more vulnerable to suffering from bacteria in urine. The urethral tube is quite short in women and it is located at close proximity to the anus and the vagina, which are usually home to varied bacteria and other pathogens. Partial elimination of urine from bladder as well as blockage in normal urine flow, due to kidney stones or other urinary tract problems, are other common causes of UTI and bacteria in urine.
However, if it occurs in people with weakened immune systems or in expectant women, then a visit to a doctor for diagnosis and treatment is vital.
Especially because of the morning sickness one has to be more conscious while choosing what to eat. The skin disease, identified by an abnormal rash on skin, is caused due to uncontrolled growth of the yeast. They experience the same in the womb, as young as 6 months or 6 weeks after the conception.
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Stoever Professor of Molecular Microbiology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. The schematic in the center (not to scale) shows how a drug molecule (in the circle) blocks the activity of a chaperone protein that helps assemble the pili. Up to a quarter of all women have experienced recurrent urinary tract infections -- two or more episodes within a six-month period. The substance was named “struvite” by a Swedish geologist and this name is commonly used to refer to this type of kidney stone. It is now accepted that struvite stones only occur when urea splitting bacterial infections are present. They are felt to be extremely small particles that can self-replicate and may contain protein, features consistent with being a life form. They propose that the small particles can act as “seeds” for the formation of larger calcium phosphate crystals, which in turn can lead to calcium oxalate crystals. Other researchers have suggested that nanobacteria may actually represent smaller subunits of known bacteria, and not independent life forms on their own. Intriguingly, several researchers have found that stone formers were less likely to be colonized by oxalobacter (26-46%) than non-stone formers (60-77%). So far, the research has been mixed, with some studies suggesting a difference while others showed that the addition of probiotics was not useful.


He specializes in the treatment of kidney stones with both surgery and dietary prevention and the in the treatment of kidney and prostate cancer using the latest robotic surgical approaches. This factor, however, does not apply to women post menopause as sexual activity does not affect the risk of UTIs. Case needs to be taken of the hygiene and one needs to drink plenty water to keep the tract clear and at bay from infections. The kidneys, along with the urethra, bladder, and ureters are a part of the urinary system. The pathogens may pass into the urinary tract via the bloodstream or through direct contact with the urethra during urination. In such cases, doctors will usually order testing of a new urine sample to check for the presence of bacteria in urine and other underlying anomalies. The results of all these tests, in addition to the visible signs and symptoms, will help ascertain the occurrence of bacteria in urine and other possible pre-existing problems. This form of bacterial presence in urine, without the occurrence of noticeable symptoms, is referred to as asymptomatic form of bacteriuria or bacteria in urine. Expectant women are therefore recommended to regularly test for bacteria in urine, till the baby is delivered.
Although exercise constitutes the most important part of losing weight, one makes considerate amount of changes in the eating habits and lifestyle as a whole. Women who hear the heart beats of their baby for the first time will find the experience to be exhilarating and fascinating.
Louis, have been working to create pharmaceuticals that essentially "defang" the bacteria by preventing them from assembling pili, microscopic hairs that both enable the invasion of host cells and allow the bacteria to mount a cooperative defense against the host's immune system."We're leaving the bacteria bald but healthy and happy," says Jerome S. But they have assumed that when the bacteria moves to the bladder, it loses its ability to flourish in the gastrointestinal tract. The strain that caused the initial infection ended up replaced by a stronger strain that fared even better in both the urinary tract and gastrointestinal tract.
What you may not know is that researchers have suggested that bacteria may also contribute to the formation of the more common “calcium oxalate” and “calcium phosphate” type stones. In 1901, Brown first theorized that bacteria could split a substance known as urea, which would set up the necessary conditions for struvite stone formation in urine. The most common urease-producing bacteria include Proteus, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, and Staphylococcus. They appear to be very hardy and have been found widely in geological samples and in humans.
Nanobacteria’s existence and its role in the development of diseases have been controversial ever since its discovery and it is still unclear whether it truly is a cause of kidney stones.
However, other researchers have suggested that the chronic use of antibiotics leads to a decrease in oxalobacter, not stone status.
These conditions include alkaline urine, sufficient concentrations of carbonate, and sufficient concentrations of ammonia. An important feature of nanobacteria appears to be their involvement with biomineralization. This breakdown process can lower oxalate levels in the urine by decreasing the amount available to be absorbed in the gut.
They instead found that while kidney stone patients on antibiotics did have decreased oxalobacter levels, kidney stone patients not on antibiotics had the same colonization rates as non-stone formers. Later researchers were able to isolate the enzyme “urease”, which allowed the bacteria to split urea.
Because of this mineralization, some research has suggested nanobacteria may play a role in kidney stone development. According to an April 2006 National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases fact sheet, resistance to at least one antibiotic has been detected in more than 70 percent of the bacteria that cause hospital-acquired infections.In a recent paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the Hultgren group and its collaborators reported on the successful development of a second generation of anti-pilus treatments or pilicides. Scientists believe 90 percent of all UTIs, which have been linked to poor hygiene, sexual behavior, and migration of intestinal flora, are caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E.
Scientists previously thought repeat infections were primarily attributable to new infections from the intestine, where E. Months or years later, the same bacteria can reactivate and start a new infection.Hultgren's lab characterized in great detail the process E. Keeping the target of the drug specifically aimed at a virulence factor not essential for growth reduces the chances for general resistance to spread, Pinkner asserts.
He also notes that such drugs will have fewer effects on bacteria that benefit the host by contributing to healthy human physiology."For example, there are bacteria in the intestinal tract that aid in metabolism and the normal function of the intestine, which also helps prevent this niche from being occupied by pathogenic bacteria," he explains.
The School of Medicine is one of the leading medical research, teaching and patient care institutions in the nation, currently ranked fourth in the nation by U.S.



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