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admin | Prevent Bv | 09.08.2014
Bladder infection, also called cystitis, refers to infection and inflammation of the urinary bladder. Chlamydia is a common and curable sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Ear infection, also known as otitits, is an infection or inflammation of the inner or outer parts of the ear.
There are many types of Eye infections, but the most common is called conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye.
Gonorrhea also known as "the clap," is a highly contagious, yet curable sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea. Hepatitis C infection is an inflammation of the liver caused by infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which occurs when blood from an infected person enters the body of a person who is not infected with Hepatitis C. Herpes is caused by two viruses, which are highly contagious infections that usually affect the mouth or genital area. Kidney infection is a general term used to describe infection of the kidney by bacteria, fungi, or viruses. Lyme disease disease is an inflammatory disease characterized by a skin rash, joint inflammation, and flu-like symptoms. PID is a general term for infection of the female reproductive organs, which can affect the lining of the uterus (womb), the fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from ovaries to uterus), or ovaries.
Skin infections may occur when breaks in the skin are invaded by bacteria, fungi, or yeast.
Staphylococcal (staph) infections are communicable infections caused by staph organisms and often characterized by the formation of abscesses. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection that usually occurs when bacteria enter the opening of the urethra and multiply in the urinary tract.
A Vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis (pronounced: can-dih-die-uh-sis), is the name for a common infection caused by a type of yeast-like fungus called candida.
Oral Candidiasis, also called Candidosis is caused by a form of fungus called Candida albicans.
The illnesses most commonly associated with the development of canidiasis are systemic steroid therapy, and endocrine disturbances associated with pregnancy, hypothyroidism, and diabetes.
Pseudomembranous candidiasis is characterized by the presence of a white curd-like plaques that can easily be scraped off with a wooden tongue depressor blade or wiped away with a 2 x 2 gauze sponge. In fact, pseudomembranous candidiasis, when scraped off the tissue reveals red, inflamed tissues underneath.
Angular cheilosis is associated with chronic vitamin B deficiency, and ill fitting dentures.
Hyperplastic candidiasis looks like pseudomembranous candidiasis, however it cannot easily be wiped off with a gauze sponge. Sig: Apply three times a day after meals or apply thin coat to inner surface of denture three times a day after meals. All material on this web site is protected by copyright and is registered with the US Copyright office.
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Otomycosis or Ear Fungus is also known as mycotic otitis externa, singapore ear and fungal ear infection. Otomycosis or Ear fungus is usually misdiagnosed as a bacterial infection instead of fungal infection due to which the patient is prescribed antibiotic eardrops in the initial stages. The initial step taken in the treatment of Otomycosis or Ear Fungus is to clean the affected ear as much as possible in order to remove the fungus. Even though Otomycosis can easily be treated, few people, especially aged people who are suffering with diabetes mellitus, have higher chances of spreading the infection through the external ear going into the inner ear to the extent of the base of the skull. Hydrogen peroxide can also be helpful in softening crusted or hard debris present in the ear which has to be removed as this lowers the pH and decreases the functioning of aminoglycoside eardrops.
5% of aluminum acetate solution or Burrow's solution not only decreases swelling but also removes the debris. Given below are certain home remedies that are helpful in treating Otomycosis or Ear Fungus. As mentioned before moist atmosphere is greatly responsible for fungal infections, therefore it becomes necessary to keep the ear in a dry condition. Antifungal therapy helps greatly in the treatment of Otomycosis or Ear Fungus in immunologically competent individuals. A complete subjective and physical examination is performed to diagnose Otomycosis or Ear Fungus. Orchids can be easily infected with various fungi or bacteria as the moist and humid environment required for their optimum growth also provide prime conditions for the growth of these infections. Once you have clearly identified whether your orchid plant is infested with a fungal or bacterial infection, you can take the appropriate course of action to help your plant recover. The best way to treat bacterial infection is to remove the infected area using sterile instruments immediately upon finding out.
Fungal infections are very diverse in nature and can affect the leaves, roots or the flower of the plant. Cercospora, septoria, guignardia and phyllosticta are 4 types of fungal infections commonly referred to as leaf spots. Rhizoctonia is a fungal infection which debilitates the roots and also affects the leaves to a certain extent. Anthracnose is another fungal infection which usually affects the air borne parts of the plant, mostly the leaves.
Whether it is a fungal infection or a bacterial one, it is always better to maintain good hygiene and avoid infection rather than treating it. Privacy Assured: Your information will not be sold or disclosed to any unauthorized third parties. Youa€™ll see an estimated delivery date - opens in a new window or tab based on the sellera€™s dispatch time and delivery service.


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Amphibians, especially ground dwelling species, can come into direct contact with various bacteria and fungi constantly which will be living in the soil or water or present on the insects they eat. Frogs have a habit of shedding the outer cuticle layer of their skin, rubbing it forward on the body, then consuming it. The skin of an amphibian is protective to the body and keeps out many of these environmental pathogens, but when that skin is breached by injury, a scratch, or an ulcer, this allows bacteria and fungi to enter the body and cause systemic infection and death if not treated.
There are a variety of symptoms which can point to a bacterial infection but all amphibians are slightly different and a symptom seen in one species is not necessarily the same symptom that will appear in another species.
Fluid retention throughout the body is sometimes seen in a bacterial infection (this can also be caused by calcium deficiency or parasites). The lower ventral surface (near the vent and thighs) can have a pinkish flush and a very close look might reveal tiny red blood vessels becoming visible at the surface of the skin.
Pale speckles against an other wise darker body colour is also an indication of a bacterial infection that is systemic and will need antibiotic to clear.
Ulcers caused by bacteria have a wet, mucous-y surface to them with a slightly raised edge; other bacterial ulcers can be small and even in size and scattered all over the ventral surface.
Fungal ulcers can very clean edged, very large and very numerous on the body (look carefully and you will see plenty of them in the photo at top), mostly on the feet, legs and ventral surface.
We have seen an unidentified problem on frogs which we are calling "skin rot" until better identified. The problem starts out as an army green, rounded discolouration in the skin, usually on the back of the thighs but sometimes other places on the back, and then turns blueish.
There are some other flesh-eating bacteria and fungi which are extremely rapid and can eat away skin by a cm per hour - there will be inflamation and bleeding at the edge of the skin (these need veterinary attention immediately!).
Bacterial and fungal problems on frogs need to be treated quickly before they become systemic. The other side of the same coin is to ask why your animals are stressed enough to become ill. Share it!Please include the age of your dog, breed, the area of the body, your dog's general health and any changes in diet, appetite, behavior, skin and coat.
Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra, which is the passageway that connects the bladder with the exterior of the body. The bacteria that cause chlamydia infection are transmitted during vaginal, anal, and sometimes oral sex. It is contracted from person to person through blood or bodily fluids contaminated with the virus. The two types of viruses that cause herpes are herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2). The infecting microbe may have invaded the kidney from the urinary bladder or from the bloodstream. The disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is harbored and spread by deer ticks when feeding on a host. They are the leading cause of primary infections originating in hospitals (nosocomial infections) in the United States. As many as 60 percent of healthy individuals may unknowingly harbor this organism as a part of their normal oral floral pattern. It is also associated with dry mouth syndrome, Sjorgren's syndrome, cancer chemotherapy, chronic tissue irritation (esp under dentures), smoking, antibiotic therapy and immunosuppression disorders such as AIDS. This form of candidiasis is especially prevalent in people who wear dentures and do not take them out at night. Thus erythematous candidiasis is probably better characterized as the condition of the mucosa from which the white plaque has been removed. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount.
It is only when the antibiotics do not improve the patient's condition that the ear fungus is suspected. Such cases where the skull bone is affected can result in serious complications and the patient will have to be hospitalized in order to treat the condition and will require intravenous medications. This helps the ear canal to allow anti-fungal and acidifying topical medications to reach necessary portions in order to give their best.
Antifungal medications include miconazole or clotrimazole, which are available over the counter for use against skin infections.
Applying alcohol not only helps in evaporating moisture but also dries and disinfects the skin. Higher chances of recurrences of the infection can be seen when the exact cause of the infection is not treated and if the physiological environment of the external auditory canal stays disturbed. Discharge from the ear caused due to infection is also examined under the microscope in order to find the fungi involved and plan treatment accordingly.
Different types of fungal and bacterial diseases have different impacts on orchids; therefore it is essential to determine what type of problem is distressing the plant.
That is why it is essential to figure out what type of fungal infection you are dealing with before determining the proper way to treat it.
It is important to remove the parts of the roots and leaves which are infested and the remaining plant should be soaked completely with a protectant fungicide.
In order to treat your plant it is important that you apply a protectant and a systemic fungicide alternately to the entire plant. It is quite common in newly divided plants and cuts off the flow of water through the veins of the plant. However, if your plants do get infected, it is essential to handle them properly to eliminate the problem and reduce it from recurring.
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If the frog or toad is healthy, these "environmental" pathogens will not cause any problems. This is probably some form of recycling energy or proteins, but in a disease filled environment, it is probably something which is more detrimental than it is useful.
The bacteria that causes "red leg" (Aeormonas hydrophilla) can cause extensive redness on the ventral surface as well as numerous ulcers and sliming on the body. On the White-lipped tree frog (Litoria infrafrenata), the speckles are very small (see photo at right) and numerous while they are much larger and have very fuzzy edges to them on the Common Green (White's).


The muscle tissue visible through the ulcer is red and irritated but the aquarium product Multicure will clean them up in a few days (contact us for dosage if you have a frog with these ulcers at right).
Some limited lab work resulted in a diagnosis of "Aeromonas and pseudomonas" but the rest of the testing we requested was not done.
If the affected frogs are in captivity, their enclosures need to be dismantled and thorougly disinfected and rinsed well before being setup again with new plants, substrate, etc. Is it their setup, weather conditions outside (such as flooding or drought), change in food supply or setup, etc.
Let us know about any treatment that is currently under way including the names of medications or any other information that could help our editors provide an answer.If possible, please submit a picture of the skin condition below. In healthy individuals, competing bacteria keep the fungus from overgrowing and causing the infections that you will read about on this page. It appears to be the result of decreased tissue resistance because of the constant pressure from the prosthetic appliance. The image above shows pharyngeal candidiasis in an AIDS patient, and it demonstrates both pseudomembranous and erythematous varieties of candidiasis, as well as antular cheilitis at the corners of the lips. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. There are other antifungal medications as well prepared specifically for treating otomycosis which are prescribed by physicians.
Avoid cotton swabs as using this may scratch the ear canal which may further result in ear infection. Avoiding excessive moisture by not going in the water, receiving proper medical treatment for Otitis Externa and avoiding certain maneuvers in the external auditory canal such as frequent cleaning with a cotton bud help in treating ear fungus. In addition to the removal, a good bactericide should be sprayed on the affected plant as well as all nearby plants in order to stop the infection from spreading.
In addition to the removal, the leaves should be kept dry and water should not be allowed to accumulate on them. Spraying the contaminated plant as well as the surrounding ones with a good protectant fungicide also helps to reduce this infection.
If that’s what you think it is, I recommend looking up crown rot and the best way to handle it. But when the animal is stressed or these pathogens build up in an enclosed environment (such as a keeper's tank in captivity), these bacteria and fungi can overwhelm the animal and cause infection.
This speckling pattern is more often seen in gram negative infections but seldom in gram positive infections. This problem resembles leprosy in that it starts out attacking the skin but rapidly becomes systemic.
By the time the skin is blackened (necrotic), the bacteria has eaten through the skin and some bleeding could be present.
The last one we received has been sent to a lab but we are still waiting on results (unforuntately, a lot of labs that we have sent specimens to have never provided us with results - were they lost in the mail or did somebody not want us to have proof of what was going on with these animals???). A tip for reducing the problems caused by environmental pathogens are to use leaves from your shrubs and trees as your substrate for tree frogs instead of fancy mosses and soils. We will do our best to get back to you quickly (it depends on how many questions we receive each day). It looks like any other form of leukoplakik plaque, but it will respond to a therapeutic trial of antifungal antibiotics. Oral medications may include fluconazole or ketoconazole, however everyone cannot use these medicines, specifically individuals suffering with liver disease must strictly avoid them. Using homemade solution of alcohol and vinegar prepared in equal measures also helps in relieving symptoms of otomycosis or ear fungus at the initial stages of infection. As bacterial diseases spread through water, it is important to avoid using an overhead watering system when a plant becomes infected. Since this is a very common fungus, there is no way to completely eliminate it, but proper care and sanitation, low humidity, warm temperatures and improved air flow in the growing area can substantially lower the damage caused by this fungus. Since root rot cannot be seen on a daily basis, it is important to repot your plants on a regular basis using fresh potting mix. If one of the plants in the growing area is infested then it is important to improve the air flow, increase the amount of light and lower the temperatures in the entire area to avoid the disease from spreading.
If the disease spreads through the plant to a greater extent the entire bulbs turn purplish and therefore should be removed from the plant. We can only treat this in the very early stages - once advanced, as in the photo below, the same antibiotic seems to cause anaphylactic shock instead of working against the pathogen! River sand that has been thorougly rinsed and soaked for several days can be used for burrowing species as this can be easily rinsed out to keep clean whereas soils can't.
If you do require an immediate response we suggest using this online dog veterinary service that is available now.
If permission is granted, you must credit me for the use of the material and link to this website prominently from your own. Actinomyces, Phycomycetes, and Rhizopus are other fungi that can cause Otomycosis in rare cases.
However expert's intervention is required for cleaning the ear in case of perforated eardrum as this condition may give rise to some secondary problems. In addition to that it is best to keep leaves dry, reduce humidity levels in the growing area and improve air flow to contain the infection from spreading. Sometimes, these fungal diseases become a recurring problem which is why it’s best to use a fungicide spray on a monthly basis in order to reduce the risk of recurring fungal infections. The plant should be repotted, keeping only the unaffected parts and removing all diseased parts. Most of these fungal species exist in the environment around us and can easily come in contact with people, but not everyone gets affected with ear fungus.
After proper cleaning of the ear, eardrops that contain antifungal agents like ketoconazole, econazole or clotrimazole are given to the patient. If a plant in your growing area is infected, then it is best to check other plant’s roots as well and repot if necessary.
The repotted plant should be soaked in a fungicide and the entire growing area should be disinfected.
No website is a substitute for a visit to a living, breathing dentist or physician who can deal with you personally.
People who are more prone to infections, particularly individuals with weak immune system or patients suffering with diabetes mellitus, can easily get affected with Otomycosis.
In some cases eardrops that contain agents such as gentian violet or thimerosal are also prescribed as an alternate solution for Ear Fungus or Otomycosis.
The cutting tools must be thoroughly sterilized every time they come in contact with an infected part otherwise the infection can spread.



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