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Infection in the lower respiratory tract is far more serious than upper respiratory tract infection. It is important to base the antibiotic of choice on the sensitivity test and isolated bacteria because of increasing bacteria resistant to antibiotics and traditional treatments are now becoming less effective.
In children, procaine penicillin and amoxicillin are found to have greater effect compared to cotrimoxazole for community-acquired pneumonia. Increased fluid intake is usually advised by doctors to patients having lower respiratory tract infection. An inflammation of the protective outer lining of the brain and spinal cord is called meningitis.
Computer artwork showing rod-shaped bacteria (bacilli, green) on the surface of the alveoli (spheres) of the lungs.
Lower respiratory tract infection is always referred to pneumonia but it can also refer to other illnesses like acute bronchitis and lung abscess. Acute bronchitis is an acute viral or bacterial infection of the large airways in people who are healthy without recurrent disease history. It is classified as community-acquired or hospital-acquired depending on where the patient has acquired the infection. The majority of cases are brought about by viruses or bacteria, although it can be associated with types of illness or medications.


Bacterial infections are serious and could cause life-threatening side effects if not treated with antibiotics. The alveoli are the areas where gases are exchanged between the air in the lungs and the blood.
The first line treatment for this infection is antibiotics but these are not prescribed for viral infections. The e-mail address is not made public and will only be used if you wish to receive a new password or wish to receive certain news or notifications by e-mail. Bacteria like these cause lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), which is known as bacterial pneumonia. It is important to have the right kind of medication based on the bacteria involved to ensure treatment success and to avoid bacterial resistance. Some use antibiotics as treatment for viral bronchitis but its effects are not that beneficial compared to the side effects it may exhibit such as increased resistance, nausea and vomiting, and cost of treatment.
In children with severe pneumonia, oral antibiotics are as effective with injectible once without the need to experience injection pain, high cost and risk for infection. The infection is often difficult to diagnose because symptoms are similar to the common flu. Pneumonia can also be caused by viruses, fungi, parasites, and chemical or physical injury to the lungs.
Amoxicillin is the first line drug for community acquired pneumonia while intravenous azithromycin is the first line drug if there is a risk of death. What Causes an Infection?Both viruses and bacteria associated with meningitis are found in the human body every day; often related to other routine diseases.


Ticarcillin and gentamicin with clavunalic acid is given intravenously in severe cases of hospital acquired pneumonia.
Viruses and bacteria that usually affect the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, urinary system and skin may spread through the blood to the meninges. Treatment and management include causative-agent identification, pain relievers for chest pain, oxygen, physiotherapy, bronchodilators, and hydration. In a number of bacterial cases, the bacteria spreads to the meninges as the result of a severe local infection such as a nasal sinus infection or a severe ear infection. Head trauma can also open the pathway for meningitis.While viral cases are the most common, it is rarely a serious infection. Viral cases of meningitis may be caused by a number of viruses, including those spread by mosquitoes.What Are the Most Common Symptoms?Meningitis is not always easy to recognize.
Individuals suffering from Meningitis however, could become seriously ill within a span of a few hours, so it is essential to recognize other symptoms of the condition.
Infants may exhibit different symptoms, including blotchy skin, pale skin, jerky movements and high-pitched moaning cry.
How is Meningitis Diagnosed?Due to the fact that meningitis symptoms are commonly associated with other disease, doctors may not diagnose the condition on the first visit. Medications must be administered through IV so a prolonged hospital stay may  be advised until the condition is treated.




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