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admin | Get Rid Of Bacterial Infection | 27.07.2015
An infection is an invasion and multiplying of pathogenic microbes in the body tissues in which they are not usually present (1). Ask a Doctor Online Now!A colonization is the usual presence of non-pathogenic and even potentially pathogenic microbes on the skin, in the nose, mouth, bowel, penile or vaginal mucosa, as a part of normal human flora, in the amount not harmful for the body – this is not an infection. A contamination is the presence of germs which do not multiply, for example, in a contaminated (not infected)wound. A carrier state is the non-usual presence of pathogenic microbes in the body, in the way not harmful for the carrier, but potentially dangerous for others, since the carrier is usually contagious.
An overgrowth of microbes, non-pathogenic in small amount, but pathogenic in large amount, for example, an overgrowth of Clostridium difficile bacteria in the colon can cause life threatening pseudomembranous colitis. Re-activation of an infection may occur; for example, a Varicella zoster virus, which has remained dormant in the roots of the spinal nerves after successfully healed chicken pox, may be re-activated during stress or certain disease, and can cause shingles.
Bacteremia, viremia, fungemia and parasitemia (the presence of microbes in the blood) may result in an infection of other organs, or sepsis.
Systemic infection, like influenza, affects the whole body and causes systemic symptoms, like general malaise, muscle pains, fever, nausea, etc. Localized infection, like cellulitis, is limited to one or few body parts and presents with localized symptoms, like redness, swelling, pain or localized (nasal, ear, etc.) discharge. Chronic infection, like tuberculosis or AIDS, may last from several weeks to several years. Recurrent infection is one that frequently affects a person, like folliculitis in those who share the same sport equipment, or fungal infections  in those with lowered immunity. Invasion of multi-cellular parasites, like intestinal worms or head lice, into the body is called infestation. Viral infections are often systemic and may cause fever, headache, runny nose, sore throat, muscle and joint pains, diarrhea, skin rash, etc.
Fungal (yeast) infections in a person with a healthy immune system usually affect only the skin. In a person with a weak immune system, fungal infections, commonly caused by a yeast Candida albicans, may appear in the mouth (oral thrush), esophagus, rectum or vagina; systemic candidiasis is severe and commonly fatal infection. Parasitic infections cause different symptoms, depending on the type of parasite and organ affected.
Infestation (Latin infestare = to attack, disturb) is an invasion of multi-cellular parasites, like intestinal worms (helminths) or head lice to the body.
In medical terms, the incubation period is the time from when a person is exposed to an infectious agent (pathogenic microorganism) till the onset of signs and symptoms.
Fever in localized skin infections or food poisoning may be absent, in tuberculosis or viral pneumonia it is usually low-grade, in influenza moderate, and in bacterial pneumonia or sepsis high.
Pain in childhood viral infections and flu is usually general and vague, and in localized bacterial infections, like bacterial prostatitis, localized and intense. Discharge from the nose, eyes, ears, trachea, bronchi and lungs (phlegm, sputum), nipples, bowel (mucus in the stool), urethra, vagina and wounds may appear in all types of infections. An incubation period is the time elapsed between exposure to pathogenic microbes and symptoms appearance. An autoinfection – the spread of an infection from one body part to another, usually by hands or clothes (folliculitis, impetigo). By drinking contaminated water, one can contract stomach flu, cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever, amebiasis, etc. By swimming in contaminated swimming or spa pools, or lakes, one can contract hot tub folliculitis, intestinal parasite Cryptosporidium, eye and middle ear infections. Industrial cooling or hot water systems, air condition and room-air humidifiers can be a source of Legionella. During walking barefoot, Clostridium tetani, sandworms, or intestinal parasites, like Strongyloides stercoralis or hookworms can be contacted.
Infections acquired in hospitals can be dangerous, since causing microbes are often resistant to regular antibiotics, and patients infected are often already seriously ill. Legionella may be sometimes found in the tap water in newly opened or poorly maintained hospitals.
A fomite is an inanimate object or substance capable of transmitting infectious agents (microorganisms) from one object to another. Ask a Doctor Online Now!Microbes may make harm by releasing toxins, for example, in food poisoning, a parasite Entameba hystolytica can release toxins, which can destroy colonic mucosa, resulting in bleeding ulcers and diarrhea. Invasion of microbes triggers immune response of the body and attracts inflammatory cells, like leukocytes, and substances, like cytokines, which attack the microbes.
Effective anti-microbial medications for most infections, except viral ones, are available. Ask a Doctor Online Now!Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis. Amir, the base of infection is an invasion of microorganism into your body what results in inflammation. Bacterial Skin Infections are due to the presence and growth of microorganisms that damage host tissue.


It is a bacterial infection of the deeper layers of the skin, the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue.
The skin becomes red, swollen and you can see a clear border between normal and infected skin. A bacterial skin infection that occurs in areas where skin touches skin, like between toes, in armpits, or groin. If you have a fungal infection that isn’t getting cured with an anti-fungal treatment, it could be erythrasma. A bacterial infection of certain sweat glands found in the armpits, groin, buttocks, scalp, and under the female breast.
Bacterial Urinary Tract InfectionsUse of once a day antibiotic treatment may be necessary in order to control bacterial urinary tract infections that are difficult to eradicate. Moxifloxacin (Avelox) For The Treatment Of Bacterial Skin …treatment of bacterial skin infections. Bacterial VaginosisThese infections occur more often in sexually active women and girls, although they can occur in sexually inactive females. Infection – Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaCommon disorders transmitted this way include AIDs, hepatitis, herpes, and cytomegalovirus .
Bacterial ExploitationField studies reveal non-virulent bacteria take advantage of their virulent counterparts to get a free pass into their host.
Guideline On The Evaluation Of Medicinal Products Indicated …Guideline on the Evaluation of Medicinal Products indicated for Treatment of Bacterial Infections .
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DISCLAIMER: The above should never replace the advice of your local veterinarian, as they have the ability to evaluate your dog in person. Disclaimers: The information contained in this web site is provided for general informational purposes only.
For example, if you have Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (a common cause of skin infections) in your nose, you may infect others, even if you alone never develop an infection. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth due to invasion of otherwise non-harmful colonic bacteria into the small intestine can cause bloating and diarrhea.
Example: infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which can cause infectious mononucleosis, often triggers no symptoms in small children.
Examples of bacterial infections: staphylococcal skin infections, pseudomonas folliculitis, streptococcal pharyngitis, osteomyelitis, pneumococcal pneumonia, bacterial meningitis, etc. Patchy areas with a brownish or reddish scaly rash on the scalp (scalp ringworm), trunk, limbs or groin (jock itch), peeled skin on the hands or feet (athlete’s foot), or discolored or cracked nails are typical symptoms of a skin fungal infection. Intestinal parasites cause bloating, diarrhea, mucus in the stool and eventual weight loss.
Not every person who comes into contact with an infectious agent will become infected but once the infection is acquired, the micoorganism will take a period of time during which it multiplies and spreads within the body until the point that signs and symptoms become evident. There is no single specific symptom but a combination of symptoms and signs that speak for an infection. In everyday speech, only infections transmitted directly from person to person (like flu) are considered as contagious. Once contaminated, fomites may carry microbes for few minutes or several weeks, depending on the type of the microbe and certain circumstances, like air humidity and temperature. Such a defense reaction regularly results in an inflammation of infected tissue, which can be observed, for example, as purulent discharge in common cold or swollen joint in bacterial arthritis. For example, Streptococcus pneumoniae , causing pneumonia, can trigger fluid collection in the lungs, impeding oxygen exchange between the air and the blood and thus reducing the oxygen supply to the tissues, what may result in death.
When in doubt, a doctor can take a sample of blood, urine, stool, sputum, nasal or other discharge and send it to laboratory, where microbes can be determined by serologic tests or a culture.
A doctor can often make a diagnosis from symptoms and physical examination, but in doubtfull or severe cases, lab tests has to be done to determine the causing microbe. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. The extent of infection is generally determined by the number of organisms and the toxins they release. Cloacitis Cloacitis is a bacterial infection of the cloaca that results in an inflamed cloacal opening and a foul smelling discharge. Foster & Smith Educational Staff Bacteria are present everywhere on both land and in the water.
Medications usually include a course of antibiotics and anti-inflammatories in the form of drops or topical ointments. If you've found this service or our web site helpful, please "Like" us by clicking the like button at the top of the left margin. In addition to the suggestions that I have already given, now that I have seen what her skin looks like, you might try giving her the homeopathic remedy called Sulphur 6C or 12C potency.


Contamination also refers to presence of pathogenic microbes on medical equipment, in the water, food etc. Examples of viral infections: influenza, childhood diseases like chicken pox, rubella, rubeolla and infectious mononucleosis, AIDS, viral hepatitis, viral hemorrhagic fever, etc. Effective over the counter or prescribed anti-fungal ointments and oral medications are available. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health.
These infections are often associated with parasitic infections, or stone-like cloacal calculus.
As the mites burrow and lay eggs inside the skin, the infestation leads to relentless itching and an angry rash. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site.
Simply click here to return to Ask a Vet Online via My Online Vet (SUBSCRIPTION REQUIRED FOR NEW QUESTIONS).
Except of acyclovir and related antiviral drugs, at present, there is not a lot of effective medicines for viral diseases available.
Scabies SymptomsWhen a person is infested with scabies for the first time, it can take four to six weeks for the skin to react. The dose would be one pellet by mouth or dissolved in Spring Water, three times daily for 3-5 days. Surgical removal of parasitic cysts, like in Echinococcus, from the liver, bones, brain or lungs is sometimes required. If she is continuing to improve then decrease her dose further to one time daily for another two weeks. Send me an update in 2 weeks. Scabies BurrowsAnother hallmark of scabies is the appearance of track-like burrows in the skin. How Does Scabies Spread?Scabies typically spreads through prolonged, skin-to-skin contact that gives the mites time to crawl from one person to another.
However, canine scabies and feline scabies are not caused by the same type of mite that triggers human scabies. You can get mites from handling an infested pet, but these mites can’t reproduce in human skin. The child's classmates and caregivers will probably need to be treated as well, even if symptoms have yet to appear.
Scabies in Nursing HomesLong-term care facilities, including nursing homes and homes for the developmentally disabled, are also prone to scabies outbreaks. Because caregivers assist residents with bathing and dressing, skin-to-skin contact is common.
Crusted ScabiesAlso called Norwegian scabies, crusted scabies is a very severe infestation involving tens of thousands of mites on a single person. Crusted scabies is most common in people with weakened immune systems, the elderly, and people who are disabled.
This type of scabies is highly contagious and requires swift treatment to prevent outbreaks. Diagnosing ScabiesIn most cases, a doctor can identify scabies based on the appearance of the rash and your description of the itch.
This involves collecting skin from the affected area and using a microscope to check the sample for mites, eggs, or fecal matter. Treatment is a cream or lotion that is applied to the entire body from the neck down in most cases. Treating Scabies: Itch ReliefWhile prescriptions can kill scabies mites and their eggs, they don't provide any immediate itch relief. Hydrocortisone cream may also help, but it can change the appearance of the scabies rash, making the condition harder to diagnose. Who Needs to Be Treated?When someone is diagnosed with scabies, anyone who has close physical contact with the person should also be treated. Doctors usually recommend treating all members of the household, even if symptoms are not present. To make sure these mites are killed, wash any sheets and clothing used by the affected person within the past three days.
How Soon Will Scabies Go Away?Scabies medications can kill the mites and eggs quickly, and patients can usually return to school or work 24 hours after starting treatment.



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