Chronic bacterial conjunctivitis treatment,natural remedies for itchy bee stings,how to get over a viral cold fast wikihow,how to get rid of a sore on the lip - And More

admin | Get Rid Of Bacterial Infection | 08.10.2015
Other common causes of red eye include blepharitis, corneal abrasion, foreign body, subconjunctival hemorrhage, keratitis, iritis, glaucoma, chemical burn, and scleritis.A thorough patient history and eye examination may provide clues to the etiology of red eye (Figure 1). Viral conjunctivitis usually spreads through direct contact with contaminated fingers, medical instruments, swimming pool water, or personal items.
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The history should include questions about unilateral or bilateral eye involvement, duration of symptoms, type and amount of discharge, visual changes, severity of pain, photophobia, previous treatments, presence of allergies or systemic disease, and the use of contact lenses. In case of trademark issues please contact the domain owner directly (contact information can be found in whois). Other common causes include blepharitis, corneal abrasion, foreign body, subconjunctival hemorrhage, keratitis, iritis, glaucoma, chemical burn, and scleritis.
The eye examination should include the eyelids, lacrimal sac, pupil size and reaction to light, corneal involvement, and the pattern and location of hyperemia. The clinical presentation of viral conjunctivitis is usually mild with spontaneous remission after one to two weeks.3 Treatment is supportive and may include cold compresses, ocular decongestants, and artificial tears.

Signs and symptoms of red eye include eye discharge, redness, pain, photophobia, itching, and visual changes.
Generally, viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are self-limiting conditions, and serious complications are rare. Because there is no specific diagnostic test to differentiate viral from bacterial conjunctivitis, most cases are treated using broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Patients need prompt ophthalmology referral for aggressive management.4,12 Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is the most common form of bacterial conjunctivitis in the primary care setting. The cause of red eye can be diagnosed through a detailed patient history and careful eye examination, and treatment is based on the underlying etiology. Recognizing the need for emergent referral to an ophthalmologist is key in the primary care management of red eye. Staphylococcus aureus infection often causes acute bacterial conjunctivitis in adults, whereas Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae infections are more common causes in children. Inflammation of almost any part of the eye, including the lacrimal glands and eyelids, or faulty tear film can lead to red eye.

Although chloramphenicol is the first-line treatment in other countries, it is no longer available in the United States.
Polymerase chain reaction testing of conjunctival scrapings is diagnostic, but is not usually needed. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is the most common form of the condition, and symptoms are related to season-specific aeroallergens. Allergic conjunctivitis is primarily a clinical diagnosis.Avoiding exposure to allergens and using artificial tears are effective methods to alleviate symptoms.

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