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admin | Herbal Remedies For Bv | 06.02.2015
Human body tends to get infected by various microorganisms that results in degrading their health standards. Bacterial disease can be prevented by following medical measures and understanding major causes, which helps in preventing the infection significantly. There are various bacterial disease causes present in our day-to-day life, which has to be avoided for escaping from its infection. Harmful bacteria enters into an individual’s body through contaminated cuts, abrasions, rashes, infected insect bites and breaks available in the skin, tissues and other gums. The most common cause for bacterial disease is consumption of contaminated and harmful food by a person that creates a way of entry for microorganisms.
Kissing bacteria infected person and using needles of person for drug use and tattooing can cause bacteria to enter the body. It is important for people to keep checking their health condition, if there are any signs of defect, they have to contact general physician at the earliest for treatments. There are also chances of bacterial diseases caused though touching contaminated body fluids, feces and other excretes. Though, people take proper measures in eliminating the entry of bacteria, there are few accidents resulting in infection. Patients with IBS have a constellation of symptoms, including abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits – either constipation or diarrhea, said Dr.
Bacteria in the stomach and intestines can cause problems of digestion, bloating and constipation.
Normally, food moves through the digestive system by muscle contractions in the intestines.
The predominant symptoms are cramping and abdominal pain, bloating, gas and trouble with bowel movements (either diarrhea or constipation), according to the Mayo Clinic. Scientists do not know the exact cause of IBS but several possibilities exist, Hudesman said.
Other research shows that abnormal levels of a chemical called serotonin in the GI tract may cause IBS.
IBS doesn’t cause permanent damage to the GI tract, or lead to more severe illnesses such as cancer, according to the NIH. Diagnosis of IBS is usually based on negative results for other tests since no specific test for the disorder exists.
Including the symptoms described earlier, the following criteria, known as Rome criteria, are used to diagnose the disorder: abdominal pain in 12 weeks out of the year, disappearance of pain after a bowel movement, changes in the characteristics of bowel movements when pain appears, and urge to have a bowel movement. Patients who experience non-intestinal symptoms such as bleeding, weight loss or recurrent fevers should see a doctor.
Diet adjustments, such as limiting high-gas foods and incorporating fiber, may improve systems. Several alternative therapies are under investigation, but research showing the effectiveness of these treatments is limited. To learn more about irritable bowel syndrome, check out the National Institutes of Health website. A research review for the Cochrane Library led by McMaster researchers has found that eliminating Helicobacter pylori bacterium— the main cause of stomach ulcers — with a short course of therapy of two commonly used medicines may help to reduce the risk of gastric cancer. Stomach, or gastric, cancer is the third most common cause of death from cancer worldwide, and people who are infected with the Helicobacter pylori bacterium are more likely to develop the disease. Moayyedi added: “We feel our review provides sufficient evidence for countries with high gastric cancer rates to consider population H. Most of the bacteria do not cause disease, but a small number is responsible for infections in common clinical practice. There are bacteria in extreme locations of the land, however the vast majority live in wetlands and moderate temperature. There are also bacteria acquired through poorly maintained food, causing food poisoning, as in cases of Salmonella and Shigella.
To learn how each bacterium causes a disease, follow the links to the matters that are provided throughout this text.
In this part a few technical terms will be used so that the text can serve as a source for school biology. This division into formats that are not very useful because there are several bacteria with different formats such as comma (vibrio), rod-shaped bacteria that are not considered bacilli, the presence or absence of flagella, and even bacteria with hybrid forms, such as coccobacilli.
Importantly, the method of Gram does not identify which bacteria are present, it only tells us that there is a gram-positive or gram-negative one causing an infection. For those who want to know what the most common bacteria of medical practice are, below we have an illustration of the main diseases and their germs.
Plants And Animals Related To Health DescriptionThis section is from the book "The Human Body And Health", by Alvin Davison.
One among them that can be very dangerous is bacteria, which causes enormous troubles for people, when it creates infection. If a person is having sexual intercourse with an infected individual, he or she is highly prone to affected by harmful bacteria. These bacteria have the tendency to spread through ears, eyes and urethra, which helps in destroying immune system of a person completely. People having touched these bacteria carriers have contact with their mouth, ears, eyes and nose without washing their hands, which results in bacterial invasion into their body. Infants, children, old aged people and individuals who have a medical condition that reduces their immunity levels can increase the chances for being affected by bacterial infection.
People who do not have a habit of washing their hands frequently, especially after using the rest room, after touching pets, before eating, etc., are prone to bacterial infections more often than not.
These bacteria will stop the immune system of the body, which allows the entry of not only bacteria, but also other foreign particles with ease.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, one in every five men and women has IBS (which is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease). This is due in part to the fact that the area affected, the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, is so dynamic. David Hudesman, a gastroenterologist and professor of medicine at NYU's Langone Medical Center in New York City.


Triggers usually include environmental factors, diet, stress and anxiety, or intestinal bacteria, he said.
Although serotonin is usually thought of as a brain chemical, up to 95 percent of it can be found in the GI tract, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
According to the Mayo Clinic, individuals with IBS are three times as likely to take sick days. Examples of tests that may be performed include stool sample, blood test and colonoscopy (in which a tube with a small camera attached to the end is inserted into the anus). Those with blood in their stool, persistent diarrhea or persistent pain should see a gastroenterologist, Hudesman said. Alosetron (sold under the brand name Lotronex) and lubiprostone (Amitiza) are two mediations specifically indicated for IBS. Examples of areas under investigation include herbs, peppermint oil, probiotics, acupuncture, and hypnosis. The studies mainly used a combination of antibiotics with medicines from a class of drugs that suppress gastric acid production (called proton pump inhibitors). There are bacteria all over the planet, whether in water, soil or highly hostile habitats, such as radioactive waste in deep areas of the earth's crust or in the highly acidic pH of our stomach. Some bacteria can survive harsh environments because of its ability to transform into Endospore, an inactive hard and tough coated cell, but that the genetic material remains protected for many years, in some cases for centuries. Diseases such as meningitis, tuberculosis and whooping cough are transmitted through respiratory secretions, such as cough or spit. These infections occur when bacteria that normally inhabit a given location in the body can migrate to another. As will be explained later in this text, there are several types of bacteria, some completely different from other.
When pods are grouped in pairs they are called diplococci; cocci are bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus that are grouped in clusters, streptococci (Streptococcus) is a genus of cocci that are usually grouped in a row.
Therefore, there are several ways to characterize and classify bacteria, an example is the Gram method.
The method of Gram bacteria divided into two major groups: those, which cell wall becomes purple when exposed to the dye, are referred to as gram-positive bacteria and those that remain with pink wall, are called gram-negative bacteria.
While the identification of culture takes 48 to 72 hours for identifying a bacteria, gram is completed in several minutes. This information, however, is often sufficient to direct the initiation of an antibiotic regimen while the culture is not ready.
The first group consists of bacteria that need oxygen to live, the second are those that cannot survive in environments with oxygen. There are large amount of bacteria available on human skin such as intestine and genitalia, which will cause major medical complications.
Moreover, bacteria have the characteristics of multiplying its count tremendously, it is necessary to stop its development at the earliest.
Either extreme affects bowel movements and can result in uncomfortable and painful symptoms.
Stress and changes in hormone levels, such as during menstruation, may exacerbate symptoms in prone individuals. They found that about half of IBS-affected individuals had a relative with the disorder, compared to 27 percent of unaffected individuals. Normally, the serotonin is moved out of the digestive system but in people with IBS, it builds up, causing the hallmark symptoms of the disease. For example, the symptoms associated with the disorder may make it difficult to attend social functions, or be away from home for long periods of time. The first works on nerve receptors in the GI tract to slow down contractions and ease diarrheal symptoms; however, due to severe side effects, it is only approved for severe instances.
Hypnotherapy is commonly used for IBS and, according to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, some research indicates it may improve depression and anxiety symptoms. However, it can be eradicated with a simple short course of antibiotics, often used with another medicine that suppresses the production of gastric acid.
An analysis of the studies’ results revealed that combining antibiotics with gastric acid suppressor therapy given for between one and two weeks prevented the development of gastric cancer compared with placebo or no treatment. However, the number of deaths from gastric cancer in the trials was low, and there was insufficient evidence to determine how much of a difference eradicating H. In our body there are 10 times more bacteria than our own cells, most of them located in the skin and gastrointestinal tract. The coating resists Endospore extremes of pH, temperature, pressure, lack of water, radiation, and some chemical disinfectants. Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and syphilis are, as the name implies, transmitted by sexual intercourse. For example: urinary infection usually occurs when natural bacteria of the intestinal tract accidentally hit women genitals. Therefore, different types of antibiotics are indicated for different types of bacteria and infections. There are also autotrophic bacteria, which can produce their own food, usually through photosynthesis.
Examples of pathogenic bacilli are Bacillus anthracis, which causes anthrax, Corynebacteriumdiphtheriae causes diphtheria and Salmonella typhi, which causes typhoid fever.
For example, if a patient with fever, reaps a urine test which indicates presence of gram-negative bacteria, we can choose an antibiotic for urinary tract infection before the identification of bacteria by culture, as doctors know beforehand which gram negatives cause most urinary tract infections. There are also facultative anaerobic bacteria that can live both in non- and oxygenated environments. Our body has a bacterial flora that does not cause disease itself, however, helps our digestion and protects us against invading bacteria. When the environment becomes habitable again, the Endospore becomes a metabolically active bacteria and able to reproduce. Most strains of E.coli bacteria in the intestines cause no problems, but the bladder can cause irritation causing cystitis.


Urinary tract infection is most often caused by the bacterium E.coli and antibiotics commonly used in these cases are Bactrim or ciprofloxacin, drugs that are not intended, for example, to treat pneumonia and meningitis caused by various bacteria. There are hundreds of kinds of bacteria and all are so small that a million together would not make a mass so large as the head of a pin. It is influenced by the immune and nervous systems, and contains hundreds of different types of bacteria that aid digestion. DeGroote School of Medicine, a scientist of the Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute and a gastroenterologist at Hamilton Health Sciences. The same occurs in the skin colonized by billions of bacteria, mainly of the genus staphylococcus and streptococcus. When there is a wound, it exposes the inner region of the body for these bacteria, which can penetrate it to cause serious infections.
A bit of dirt as large as a pea may contain a million bacteria, and a hundred thousand of them are commonly present in a cup of water.
When meat broth is put away in the cupboard for a day or two, the microscope shows it to be full of tiny forms of life. They are constantly floating through the air and can be kept out of food by placing it in airtight jars.
Harmless bacteria so numerous in drinking water that a person often takes a half-million into his stomach daily. Much enlarged.Need Of BacteriaExperiment shows that higher life depends upon the help of bacteria.
The dead leaves, grass, fallen trees and the waste matter of the barnyard cannot rot or decay without the aid of bacteria. If these little plants were destroyed, the surface of the earth would soon become covered with dead matter.These ever-present bacteria change the dead plants and animals and all other waste products of life into a food which the new plants can use the next season. It is these that cause disease.Bacteria Of DiseaseFifty million persons are every year forced to the sick bed in this country and Europe by bacteria. Each disease is caused by a certain kind of germs and if these are kept out of the body, the sickness cannot occur.Fig.
Much enlarged.Some of the common diseases resulting from bacteria are pneumonia, measles, typhoid fever, diphtheria, sore throat, grippe and tuberculosis.
When the germs of these diseases get into the body, they devour the tissues and give off poisons.Fig. Much enlarged.How Bacteria Get Into The BodyBacteria nearly always enter the body through the mouth. The germs of typhoid fever generally reach the system with water which has received the waste matter from a typhoid patient. The bacteria of pneumonia, sore throat, diphtheria and grippe are frequently received from the drinking cup, pencils other objects used by persons recently recovered from these diseases. The bacteria of tuberculosis reach the body with air or food or are scraped from the drinking cup or other objects used by the sick.Fig.
This can occur every fifteen minutes so that one germ can produce millions in a single day.In some bacteria deprived of food and moisture, the contents of the plant collect in one part and become surrounded by a tough coat. Our common disease bacteria do not have spores and therefore they are killed by being boiled one minute.MoldMold belongs to the group of plants known as fungi.
They have no light green coloring matter in them and cannot feed on the air as plants with green leaves do.Mold often forms white or greenish patches on bread or fruit in a damp cellar. These branches bear on their ends little knobs containing dozens of tiny balls called spores. The spores are hard to kill but eight minutes in boiling water will usually cause their death. Note the bud at the end in several plants about to form a new plant.Barber's itch and ring-worm are caused by molds growing in the skin.
Other diseases are sometimes caught by using soiled towels in public places.YeastThis is a tiny round plant too small to be seen without the microscope. The gas pushes apart the particles of dough and makes it light.Yeast is also used in making beer, wine, whisky and other alcoholic drinks which often cause much ill health and unhappiness. A flea which carries the germs of plague from the sick to the well.Animal ParasitesAny plant or animal which feeds upon another living plant or animal without at once destroying it, is a parasite. Yellow fever, sleeping sickness and malaria are caused by tiny animals which get into the body by the bite of a fly or mosquito.
The plague which has killed millions of people in Asia and some in our own country is caused by bacteria, but the germs are usually put beneath the skin by the bite of bugs or fleas which have been sucking blood from sick persons or from rats.The Itch Mite And Head LiceThe itch was once a very common disease. When it was discovered that a little spider living in the skin was the cause of the continuous itching, a way of killing it was soon found (Fig. The disease is now easily cured by an ointment which any physician can supply.Tiny six-legged insects called head lice sometimes live among the hair. They are easily killed by thoroughly rubbing the scalp with equal parts of olive oil and coal oil before going to bed. In the morning the head should be washed with soap and equal parts of vinegar and hot water to remove the tiny white eggs clinging to the hair. Much enlarged.Overcoming The ParasitesOwing to the fact that many sick persons through carelessness let disease germs escape from their bodies, everybody is likely to get some of these enemies into his body. The studies of physiology and hygiene have shown that persons may prevent many of them from entering the body or even from growing after they are in the body. Prevention of the sickness which they cause, as well as of other kinds of sickness, depends much upon understanding the plan of the body, the care and use of food, and the care and use of the organs as explained in the following chapters.Practical Questions1.
How can we prevent sickness from parasites?Suggestions For The TeacherThe presence of mold germs in dust may easily be shown in the following manner: Rub a piece of bread across one board of a dusty floor and then lay it soiled-side up in a saucer containing two table-spoonfuls of water.



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