Home remedies for getting rid of pink eye,how to cure tonsillitis and sore throat treatment,how do you get rid of scars from chicken pox,homeopathy medicine for acute tonsillitis - And More

admin | What Cures Bv | 27.01.2014
Generally less than 3 bowel movements per week signify that you are suffering from constipation.
To understand what causes constipation we have to understand something of the ultra structure of the intestine and the physiology of nerve conduction and muscle contraction. From inside outwards the intestine consists of the mucus membrane, lamina propria, the muscularis mucosae, the submucus coat, the muscularis externa and the serous coat. The other reason why constipation occurs is that when stool moves through the colon water is gradually absorbed from the fecal mass. These natural measures to combat constipation are inexpensive, accessible to all and above all have no side effects. Please follow Healthy & Natural World on Facebook to be updated every time we publish a new article on how to improve your health and on a how to make natural products using natural ingredients.
An ear infection (acute otitis media) is a painful condition that is more likely to develop in children than adults.
After a crying infant is brought to the doctor’s office following a sleepless night, the doctor often quickly prescribes some antibiotics to ease the discomfort. Ear infections might be unpleasant and exhausting for kids and adults alike, but they most often resolve by themselves. According to a research, the ‘wait-and-see’ approach is much more advisable, especially in children over the age of two. The American Academy of Pediatrics advises that antibiotics are prescribes only if there is ‘moderate to severe’ bulging of the tympanic membrane (the eardrum). While you’re waiting for your (or your little one’s) infection to clear, there are many natural remedies that can help you alleviate the symptoms and reduce the discomfort and pain. Olive oil is a natural medicine and it can help clear the obstruction by softening the wax.
Tip: To increase the efficacy you can add to the oil garlic and mullein flowers that work very well for ear infections.
Since your nose and ear canal are connected, steam inhalations also help soothe ear discomfort. However according to WebMD website, it is not recommended to use tea tree oil in the ears, because it may cause damage to the inner ear. According to Livestrong website, ACV changes the pH of the ear canal, creating an environment where bacteria and viruses cannot thrive.
Rining in the ears is a sign of deficiencies in essential nutrients, try b vitamin complex, magnesium, vitamin d, vitamin c, vitamin k, vitamin e, and take hymalayin salt etc. I’ve also had good result from using a combination of Manuka honey in black seed cumin oil.
This website is designed for educational and informational purposes only, and the content herein should not be mistaken for professional health advice.
You must have heard various horror stores about tiny insects which feed on our blood when we sleep at night. Though it is commonly believed that bed bugs exists only in unkempt and unsanitary conditions, but the truth is that they may exist even in the most hygienic conditions such as a top-notch five-star hotel. Though most often, professional extermination is the only way of eliminating this problem, but a number of home remedies also exist which can help to get rid of this dreaded bed bug. According to various surveys, teas made with black walnut provide astringent effect and also serves as an effective insecticide for getting rid of bed bugs. Spreading boric acid powder on all the places where there is a possibility of existence of bed bugs can be quite effective. In order to get rid of bed bugs from your mattresses as well as other upholstery, most professional pest control services use steam for treating the sleeping areas. These days, steam cleaners are available in the market which can be used by everyone to treat their bed and beddings. Another way is to put all the infested linen in the clothes dryer and heat them for about 20 minutes or more to kill the bed bugs. In places where the weather accounts to high temperatures, hanging the beddings and linens under direct rays of the sun helps in killing the bed bugs attached to them as these bugs falter under extreme heat from the sun.
In case you have suffered bed bug bites, apply a mixture of mud, white clay, and herbal tea on the affected area.
Martin, MD, MPH, ABIM Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Atlanta, GA.
Food as you know moves down the intestine with recurring waves of contraption called peristalsis. The layers that are of interest to us in understanding constipation are the submucus coat and the muscularis externa. Avoid Dairy and Precooked Foods: You can treat constipation by avoiding some foods like pre-cooked or canned fish and meat. A Cup of Hot Water In Morning: Taking daily exercise or leading an active lifestyle goes a long way towards mitigating constipation. Eat Fibrous Foods: Eat foods that contain a high amount of fiber like vegetables and fruits.
Honey with Lukewarm Water: Every night before going to bed take a spoon of honey and dissolve it in lukewarm water and drink it. Fruits Effective in Constipation: Bael fruit and Cassia fruits are both effective in constipation. In a world contaminated with so much pollution and toxic chemicals it is better not to add to the milieu by ingesting even more chemicals. This makes the management and treatment somewhat more difficult and sensitive, as parents and health care professionals don’t want to risk the child’s health.
But, antibiotics might not be the best choice when it comes to ear infections and you may want to consider home remedies for treating ear infection. Allan Lieberthal, the lead author of the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, believes that ear infections are a highly over-diagnosed condition. It contains powerful aromatic compounds that have an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. As one of the main causes of an ear infection is wax in the ear that catches fungal or bacterial growth, you can easily clear the blockage with the help of olive oil. Mullein has been used in traditional medical systems due to its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.
According to Livestrong website and many other references, tea tree oil has long been used as an alternative treatment for ear infections due to its antiseptic properties.
Mayo Clinic advises to avoid adding tea tree oil into the middle ear, as toxicity of the ear has occurred with large doses. Soak a cotton ball into this mixture and leave it plugged onto your ear for several minutes a few times daily. If you put peroxide in your ears right when you notice a cold or any other sickness coming on it works really well.
If you have a medical problem you should seek advice from a doctor and other health care professional. Bed bugs are nocturnal insects belonging to the Cimicidae family which feed on blood of warm-blooded hosts.
They are even known to outlive extremely high temperatures for a short time period and may even survive inside the freezer. Not only this, they can survive without eating anything for more than a year.
Spraying tea tree, thyme, eucalyptus or lavender on the bed linens, clothes, as well as other location where anyone sleeps can be quite helpful. However, keep in mind that boric acid should not come in contact with the box spring or mattress directly. Due to its effectiveness, the remedy is used quite often to control migration of bed bugs from different areas of the home. Starchy substances like grated potato, mallow root, and arrowroot powder can help in treating itching and pain associated with bed bug bites. Besides this, finely ground rice or oatmeal grains along with maple, willow, hazel, or oak leaves are also known to be effective in treating bed bug bites. HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes. Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is the most common cause of genital herpes, but it can also cause oral herpes. Though people are too embarrassed to talk about it, it is at the back of everybody’s mind.
Though peristalsis is an automatic process requiring no stimulus but its intensity is dependent on how the intestine is stretched by food.
A brisk walk for half an hour every morning after drinking a glass of hot water can produce miraculous results. The fiber reacts with water to form a gelatinous mass that increases the bulk of the stool thus facilitating defecation.
In fact, the guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics have been promoting the ‘wait- and-see’ approach since 2004.
What is usually needed is some good rest, symptom control, careful observation and a bit of patience. If the child is acting funny, the ear hurts, and there is some redness of the inner membrane, it doesn’t automatically mean that he or she has an ear infection. In viral cases –which are very common – antibiotics won’t work as viruses don’t respond to them.
Lieberthal suggests waiting for 48 to 72 hours to see if the symptoms will go away by themselves.
You can find more information about it in my post on how to use garlic mullein oil to treat ear infection.
Therefore always dilute tea tree oil and consult with your doctor before using it inside your ear.
I name all those vitamins and things above to try and rule out a deficiency, which most people have.
During early stages of infestation, it is possible to eliminate the bed bugs using the natural remedies mentioned below. Trends in HSV Types and Genital HerpesGenital herpes can be caused by either HSV-2 or HSV-1. The morning’s performance in bowel movement affects the quality of life throughout the day. These nerve fibers conduct electrochemical currents in the form of moving sodium and potassium ions. The entire content of this website is copyrighted and should not be copied without permission.
These impulses occur when the nerve fibers are stimulated by stretch receptor which as their name suggests are themselves stimulated by stretching of the intestine in whose walls they are situated.
In recent years, HSV-1 has become a significant cause in developed countries, including the United States. Aside from the fact that it can hinder them from talking or even eating at times, there are also instances when having phlegm can be mildly irritating. If you are looking for ways on how you can prevent the buildup of mucus on your throat, there are some methods that you can try to make you feel better. The contraction of these muscle cells forces the stool stored in the intestine through the rectum to the exterior.
The risk of infection is highest during outbreak periods when there are visible sores and lesions.
Phlegm in Throat Causes One of the main reasons why people acquire phlegm in throat is because of the food that they eat and the type of environment that they are currently in.
Acquiring phlegm can be avoided if these things will also be avoided:Eating Fried Food Products – A lot of people like consuming fried food. Some people like it so much that they do not consume other food products that have not been fried. SymptomsWhen genital herpes symptoms do appear, they are usually worse during the first outbreak than during recurring attacks.
Do remember that the grease makes it almost impossible for the phlegm to break apart and be loose and this will make the phlegm get stuck on your throat longer than you thought.Allergy Causing Food – People have different allergies.
There are some people who are allergic to seafood while others will not be able to take dairy.


Knowing what food products you are allergic to can help lessen the chances of making the phlegm multiply because of the allergies.Avoid Smoking – Usually, when people have a lot of phlegm on their throats, their noses are stuffed up too. Herpes, Pregnancy, and Newborn InfantsHerpes can pose serious risks for a pregnant woman and her baby. Smoking while having this condition can make things even more uncomfortable because it will be harder to breathe. The risk is greatest for mothers with a first-time infection, because the virus can be transmitted to the infant during childbirth. Smoking can also help the body recover slowly from viruses and diseases.Strong Smelling Products – If you are currently in a place that is being painted or you can smell some strong fumes, you may have to avoid being in that place for a certain period of time because it can actually help aggravate the production of mucus in your system. Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend using specific diagnostic tests for women in labor to determine the risk of transmission. Babies born to mothers infected with genital herpes are often treated with the antiviral drug acyclovir, which can help suppress the virus. It is also possible that mucus will clog your nose as well.Dairy – This is especially true if you normally cannot take in dairy because of other conditions.
Usually, when people take dairy, the phlegm tends to become thicker and becomes even harder to dislodge from the throat.
Herpes viruses include human herpes virus 8 (the cause of Kaposi sarcoma) and varicella-zoster virus (also known as herpes zoster, the virus responsible for shingles and chickenpox). Although there are instances when after some time, the phlegm gets back so you would have to do it all over and over again.
Do remember that you should not try to swallow phlegm because if you do this, it will be like a never ending cycle.Take a Warm Bath – if there is one reason why people get sick with colds it is because they still take a bath using cold water especially at night and even when the weather is cool. The word "herpes" comes from the Greek word "herpein," meaning "to creep." This refers to the unique characteristic pattern of all herpes viruses to creep along local nerve pathways to the nerve clusters at the end, where they remain in an inactive (dormant) state for variable periods of time.
Taking warm baths can help clear the sinuses and can help melt the mucus stuck on the throat.Gargle with Salt Water – When it comes to problems with the throat, salt water is always a very handy and easy solution. Everyone can easily make a glass of warm water and a couple tablespoons of salt for gargling.
The usual cause of oral herpes (herpes labialis), which are commonly called cold sores or fever blisters.
If in case you are wondering what it does, salt can actually help remove the excess mucus stuck in the throat. HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes, which is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2). Warm water can also melt stubborn mucus.Drink a Lot of Water – This can be a problem for people who do not normally drink water. You might be surprised to know that there are actually some people who can live without having to drink water.
Water is always helpful to the body and to keep people’s bodies hydrated, drinking water will always help.Eat Hot Soup – You may not realize this now but consuming hot soup can help dislodge the stuck phlegm on your throat.
Until recently, the general rule was to assume that HSV-1 caused oral herpes and HSV-2 caused genital herpes.
It is now clear, however, that either type of herpes virus can be found in the genital or oral areas (or other sites). Do remember though that when you feel the phlegm starting to become dislodged, it will be best not to swallow the phlegm all over again.Consume Food Products with Raw Garlic – You may not realize this right now but garlic is actually very helpful in making sure that the production of phlegm will not multiply on your throat while you sleep.
In fact, HSV-1 is now responsible for more than half of all new cases of genital herpes in developed countries. The Disease ProcessHerpes is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact. Garlic has properties that can help stop the production of mucus and can also help loosen phlegm stuck on your throat.Aside from the home remedies mentioned above, it can also be extremely helpful if you are going to try to breathe in steam. To infect people, the herpes simplex viruses (both HSV-1 and HSV-2) must get into the body through tiny injuries in the skin or through a mucous membrane, such as inside the mouth or on the genital or anal areas. You can do this by placing a basin of hot water in front of you and trying to breathe in the steam that comes from the hot water. The risk for infection is highest with direct contact of blisters or sores during an outbreak. If you would like to make it more effective, you may also want to put in other products that can further help dislodge the stuck phlegm.Do remember that if the phlegm in throat has been stuck for a long period of time, it may be time to seek the medical help of doctors.
But the infection can also develop from contact with an infected partner who does not have visible sores or other symptoms. Once the virus has contact with the mucous membranes or skin wounds, it enters the nuclei of skin tissue cells and begins to replicate.
The virus is then transported from the nerve endings of the skin to clusters of nerve cells (ganglia) where it remains inactive (latent) for some period of time.
Just remember to follow the dosages set by the doctor to not encounter any problem in the long run. Related Posts Abdominal pain and blood in stool Having Loose Bowels – Is It Common? However, at some point, the virus wakes up and travels along nerve pathways to the surface the skin where it begins to multiply again. During this time, the virus can infect other people if it is passed along in body fluids or secretions. Viral shedding may be accompanied by noticeable symptoms (outbreak) but it can also occur without causing symptoms (asymptomatic shedding). In either case, a person is infectious during periods of viral shedding. Symptoms may appear as multiple small red bumps or patches that develop blisters. Certain triggers can wake up the virus from its dormant state and cause it to become active again. In general, recurrent episodes of herpes cause less severe symptoms than the primary outbreak. HSV-1 is the most prevalent form of herpes simplex virus, and infection is most likely to occur during preschool years.
In addition, because HSV-1 can be passed in saliva, people should also avoid sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils. Transmission of Genital Herpes Genital herpes is transmitted through sexual activity. People can get HSV-2 through genital contact or HSV-1 through mouth-to-genital contact with an infected partner.
People with active symptoms of genital herpes are at very high risk for transmitting the infection. Unfortunately, most cases of genital herpes infections occur when the virus is shedding but producing no symptoms. Most people either have no symptoms or do not recognize them when they appear. In the past, genital herpes was mostly caused by HSV-2, but HSV-1 genital infection is increasing.
There is also evidence that children today are less likely to get cold sores and become exposed to HSV-1 during childhood.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1 in 6 Americans ages 14 to 49 years have genital herpes. While HSV-2 remains the main cause of genital herpes, HSV-1 has significantly increased as a cause, most likely because of oral-genital sex.
African-American women are at particularly high risk. People with compromised immune systems, such as those who have HIV, are at very high risk for genital herpes. Drugs that suppress the immune system, and organ transplantation, can also weaken the immune system and increase the risk for contracting genital herpes.
It is almost impossible to defend against the transmission of oral herpes, because it can be transmitted by very casual contact, including kissing. Still, you can help reduce the risk of transmitting oral herpes by not sharing objects that touch the mouth, such as eating and drinking utensils, toothbrushes, and towels. It is best to refrain from any type of sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) during periods of active outbreak. However, herpes can also be transmitted when symptoms are not present (asymptomatic shedding). Although condoms may not provide 100% protection, they are proven to significantly reduce the risk of sexual disease transmission, including herpes. Natural condoms made from animal skin do NOT protect against HSV infection because herpes viruses can pass through them. Use a water-based lubricant. Lubricants can help prevent friction during sex, which can irritate the skin and increase the risk for outbreaks. Only water-based lubricants (K-Y Jelly, Astroglide, AquaLube, and glycerin) should be used. However, it is best not to use condoms pre-lubricated with spermicides. Do not use spermicides for protection against herpes. Nonoxynol-9 can cause irritation around the genital areas, which makes it easier for herpes and other STDs to be transmitted. Use a dental dam or condom for oral sex. If you have any symptoms of oral herpes, it is best not to perform oral sex on a partner until any visible sores or blisters have healed. Limit the number of sexual partners. The more sexual partners you have, the greater your chances of becoming infected or infecting others. It is very unlikely to transmit or contract genital herpes from a toilet seat or bath towel. Studies suggest that male circumcision may help reduce the risk of HSV-2, as well as human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV infections. However, herpes can cause significant and widespread complications in people who don't have a fully functioning immune system. The CDC recommends that all people diagnosed with herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) get tested for HIV. Most people with HIV are co-infected with HSV-2 and are particularly vulnerable to its complications. HSV-2 infection increases HIV levels in the genital tract, which makes it easier for the HIV virus to be spread to sexual partners. Herpes and PregnancyPregnant women who have genital herpes due to either HSV-2 or HSV-1 have an increased risk for miscarriage, premature labor, inhibited fetal growth, or transmission of the herpes infection to the infant in the uterus or at the time of delivery. Herpes in newborn babies (herpes neonatalis) can be a very serious condition. Fortunately, neonatal herpes is rare.
Although about 25 to 30% of pregnant women have genital herpes, less than 0.1% of babies are born with neonatal herpes. The baby is at greatest risk during a vaginal delivery, especially if the mother has an asymptomatic infection that was first introduced late in the pregnancy. The risk for transmission also increases if infants with infected mothers are born prematurely, there is invasive monitoring, or instruments are used during vaginal delivery. Transmission can occur if the amniotic membrane of an infected woman ruptures prematurely, or as the infant passes through an infected birth canal. This risk is increased if the woman is having or has recently had an active herpes outbreak in the genital area. Very rarely, the virus is transmitted across the placenta, a form of the infection known as congenital herpes. Also rarely, newborns may contract herpes during the first weeks of life from being kissed by someone with a herpes cold sore. Infants may get congenital herpes from a mother with an active herpes infection at the time of birth. Aggressive treatment with antiviral medication is required. Most infected pregnant women do not have a history of symptoms, so herpes infection is often not suspected or detected at the time of delivery. Fortunately, if a woman does have genital lesions, rapid diagnostic blood tests can quickly determine her chances of transmitting the virus to her baby during delivery.
Some women with new or recurrent herpes may also be prescribed antiviral medication during pregnancy. A woman with herpes can usually safely breastfeed her baby, as long as she does not have a lesion on her breast or nipple. Neonatal herpes can spread to the brain and central nervous system, causing encephalitis and meningitis.
Herpes can also spread to internal organs, such as the liver and lungs. Infants infected with herpes are treated with acyclovir, an antiviral drug.
They usually receive several weeks of intravenous acyclovir treatment, often followed by several months of oral acyclovir. It is important to treat babies quickly, before the infection spreads to the brain and other organs.
Fortunately, rapid diagnostic tests and treatment with acyclovir have significantly improved survival rates and reduced complication rates.


Nearly all who recover have some impairment, ranging from very mild neurological changes to paralysis. Like encephalitis, meningitis symptoms include headache, fever, stiff neck, vomiting, and sensitivity to light. Fortunately, herpes meningitis usually resolves after about a week without complications, although symptoms can recur. Herpes Eye ComplicationsOcular herpes is a recurrent infection that affects the eyes.
Ocular herpes is usually a simple infection that clears up in a few days, but in its more serious forms, and in severe cases, it can cause blindness. It only affects the upper layer (epithelium) of the cornea and heals with scarring. Stromal Keratitis. Iridocyclitis is another serious complication of ocular herpes, in which the iris and the area around it become inflamed. Herpes Skin ComplicationsEczema Herpeticum A rare form of herpes infection called eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption, can affect people with skin disorders and those with a weakened immune system.
Untreated, this condition can be extremely serious and possibly fatal. Gingivostomatiti Oral herpes can cause multiple painful ulcers on the gums and mucus membranes of the mouth, a condition called gingivostomatitis. Children with gingivostomatitis commonly develop herpetic whitlow (herpes of the fingers). Herpetic Whitlow A herpetic whitlow is an infection of the herpes virus involving the finger, often around the fingernail. In children, this is often caused by thumb sucking or finger sucking while they have a cold sore.
It can also occur in adult health care workers, such as dentists, because of increased exposure to the herpes virus. The use of latex or polyurethane gloves prevents herpes whitlow in health care workers. SymptomsHerpes symptoms vary depending on whether the outbreak is initial or recurrent. The primary outbreak is usually worse than recurrent outbreaks, with more severe and prolonged symptoms. In fact, studies indicate that 10 to 25% of people infected with HSV-2 are unaware that they have genital herpes. The first signs are a tingling sensation in the affected areas (genitalia, buttocks, and thighs) and groups of small red bumps that develop into blisters. The sores may sometimes itch, but itching decreases as they heal. About 40% of men and 70% of women develop other symptoms during initial outbreaks of genital herpes, such as flu-like discomfort, headache, muscle aches, and fever.
Some women may have difficulty urinating and may, occasionally, require a urinary catheter. Women may also experience vaginal discharge. Recurrent Genital Herpes Outbreak In general, recurrences are much milder than the initial outbreak.
The virus sheds for a much shorter period of time (about 3 days) compared to an initial outbreak of 3 weeks.
Women may have only minor itching, and the symptoms may be even milder in men. On average, people have about four recurrences during the first year, although this varies widely. There are some differences in frequency of recurrence depending on whether HSV-2 or HSV-1 caused genital herpes.
HSV-2 genital infection is more likely to cause recurrences than HSV-1. Symptoms of Oral HerpesOral herpes (herpes labialis) is most often caused by HSV-1, but it can also be caused by HSV-2.
It usually affects the lips and, in some primary attacks, the mucus membranes in the mouth. A herpes infection may occur on the cheeks or in the nose, but facial herpes is very uncommon. Primary Oral Herpes Infection If the primary (initial) oral infection causes symptoms, they can be very painful, particularly in children. The sores last 10 to 14 days and can be very uncomfortable. Blisters that may be preceded or accompanied by sore throat, fever, swollen glands, and painful swallowing. Recurrent Oral Herpes Infection A recurrent oral herpes infection is much milder than the primary outbreak. It usually manifests as a single sore, commonly called a cold sore or fever blister (because it may arise during a bout of cold or flu).
The sore usually shows up on the outer edge of the lips and rarely affects the gums or throat. Recurrences of genital herpes are more likely with HSV-2 infection than with HSV-1 infection. The outbreak of infection is often preceded by a prodrome, an early group of symptoms that may include itchy skin, pain, or an abnormal tingling sensation at the site of infection. Recurrent outbreaks feature most of the same symptoms at the same sites as the primary attack, but they tend to be milder and briefer. Occasionally, the symptoms may not resemble those of the primary episode, but appear as fissures and scrapes in the skin or as general inflammation around the affected area. They include sunlight, wind, fever, physical injury, surgery, menstruation, suppression of the immune system, and emotional stress. Oral herpes can be triggered within about 3 days of intense dental work, particularly root canal or tooth extraction. Timing of Recurrences Recurrent outbreaks may occur at intervals of days, weeks, or years. For most people, outbreaks recur with more frequency during the first year after an initial attack.
The good news is that in most healthy people, recurring infections tend to become progressively less frequent, and less severe, over time. However, other conditions can resemble herpes, and doctors cannot base a herpes diagnosis on visual inspection alone.
These tests include: Virologic tests (viral culture of the lesion) Serologic tests (blood tests that detect antibodies) The CDC recommends that both virologic and serologic tests be used for diagnosing genital herpes. People diagnosed with genital herpes should also be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.
At this time, experts do not recommend screening for HSV-1 or HSV-2 in the general population. Genital herpes can be caused by either HSV-1 or HSV-2. It is important to determine which virus is involved, as the type of herpes infection influences prognosis and treatment recommendations. Recurrences of genital herpes, and viral shedding without overt symptoms, are much less frequent with HSV-1 infection than with HSV-2. False-negative (testing negative when herpes infection is actually present) or false-positive (testing positive when herpes infection is not actually present) results can occur. Your health care provider may recommend that you have a test repeated. Virologic TestsViral culture tests are made by taking a fluid sample, or culture, from the lesions as early as possible, ideally within the first 48 hours of the outbreak. PCR tests are much faster and more accurate than viral cultures, and the CDC recommends PCR for detecting herpes in spinal fluid when diagnosing herpes encephalitis. PCR can make many copies of the virus' DNA, so that even small amounts of DNA in the sample can be detected. However, many labs now use PCR for herpes testing because it is highly accurate. An older type of virologic testing, the Tzanck smear test, uses scrapings from herpes lesions.
The scrapings are stained and examined under a microscope for the presence of giant cells with many nuclei or distinctive particles that carry the virus (called inclusion bodies). The Tzanck test is not reliable for providing a conclusive diagnosis of herpes infection and is not recommended by the CDC. Serologic TestsSerologic (blood) tests can identify antibodies that are specific for either HSV-1 or HSV-2. When the herpes virus infects you, your body's immune system produces specific antibodies to fight off the infection. If a blood test detects antibodies to herpes, it is evidence that you have been infected with the virus, even if the virus is in a non-active (dormant) state. The presence of antibodies to herpes also indicates that you are a carrier of the virus and might transmit it to others. Serologic tests can be especially useful for people who do not have active symptoms, but who have other risk factors for herpes (such as other STDs, multiple sex partners, or a monogamous partner who has genital herpes).
Although glycoprotein (gG) type-specific tests have been available for many years, many of the older nontype-specific tests that cannot distinguish HSV-1 from HSV-2 are still on the market. Canker sores frequently crop up singly or in groups on the inside of the mouth, or on or underneath the tongue. The drugs are used initially to treat a first attack of herpes, and then afterward to either treat recurrent outbreaks (episodic therapy) or reduce frequency of recurrences (suppressive therapy).
Drugs can, however, reduce the severity of symptoms, improve healing times, and prevent recurrences. If people experience very severe disease or complications, they need to be hospitalized and receive an antiviral drug intravenously.
Your health care provider will prescribe one of the three antiviral medications, which you will take for 7 to 10 days.
You should begin the medication as soon as you notice any signs or symptoms of herpes, preferably during the prodrome stage that precedes the outbreak of lesions. If taken during prodrome, episodic therapy may help prevent an outbreak from occurring or reduce its severity. Valacyclovir is taken once a day. Suppressive treatment can reduce the frequency of outbreak recurrences by 70 to 80%. It is generally recommended for people who have frequent recurrences (6 or more outbreaks per year). Because herpes recurrences often diminish over time, you should discuss annually with your health care provider whether you should stay with drug therapy or discontinue it.
While taking any suppressive therapy for genital herpes, it is still important to regularly use latex condoms and to avoid any sexual activity during recurrences. A new form of acyclovir (Sitavig) is administered orally as an adhesive tablet; it is applied to the gum region of the mouth, where it dissolves during the course of the day. In addition, acyclovir is available in topical form, as is the related drug penciclovir (Denavir). Topical TreatmentsThese ointments or creams can help shorten healing time and duration of symptoms. However, none are truly effective at eliminating outbreaks. Penciclovir (Denavir) heals HSV-1 sores on average about half a day faster than without treatment, stops viral shedding, and reduces the duration of pain. Ideally, you should apply the cream within the first hour of symptoms, although the medication can still help if applied later. Apply the cream 5 times a day, beginning at the first sign of tingling or pain. Over-the-counter topical ointments may provide modest relief. They include Anbesol gel, Blistex lip ointment, Campho-phenique, Herpecin-L, Viractin, and Zilactin. Some contain a topical anesthetic such as benzocaine, tetracaine, or phenol. Lip balm that contains sunblock, or sunscreen applied around the lips may help prevent sun-triggered outbreaks. Herbs and SupplementsGenerally, manufacturers of herbal remedies and dietary supplements do not need FDA approval to sell their products. Just like a drug, herbs and supplements can affect the body's chemistry, and therefore have the potential to produce side effects that may be harmful.
There have been several reported cases of serious and even lethal side effects from herbal products. Always check with your provider before using any herbal remedies or dietary supplements. Many herbal and dietary supplement products claim to help fight herpes infection by boosting the immune system.
There has been little research on these products, and little evidence to show that they really work.
Epidemiology, clinical presentation, and antibody response to primary infection with herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in young women. Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among persons aged 14 - 49 years -- United States, 2005-2008. Guidance on management of asymptomatic neonates born to women with active genital herpes lesions.
Genital shedding of herpes simplex virus among symptomatic and asymptomatic persons with HSV-2 infection.



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