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Searching for wholesome home remedies for getting rid of bad breath is something high on the priority list for those who have it. No matter how much you do to prevent developing bad breath, it happens to most of us at one point in our lives. This article looks at why we might suffer from this condition and how to ensure it is kicked into touch for good. Medically known as halitosis, bad breath is when you exhibit odorous breath from your mouth.
When we fail to take proper care of our mouths, we tend to suffer from a build-up of bacteria. They say first impressions last a lifetime and people experiencing bad breath can fail job applications, fail to court a lover and face the public all because of the condition that makes their breath negatively odorous. You can get bad breath from something you ate, but if you always have bad breath, then ita€™s probably not just something you ate. You can have bad breath from not tooth brushing enough, and by also having a broken tooth, because when you have a broken tooth, the food you ate earlier will get stuck inside it.
By learning the main factors that cause bad breath, you will then be able to learn how to get rid of bad breath faster.
There are a lot of different causes of bad breath and listed below are the three most common. The second possible cause is due to indigestion and intestinal problems may also lead to gastrointestinal gases that cause bad breath. One more myth is that bad breath is a running problem in the family and that is a hereditary problem.
Lastly, do not believe that mints will solve the problem either; these sweet candies and gums will freshen your breath only for a temporary amount of time and will eventually dry your gums, causing even more damages and possible causes of further odorous breath problems. So what are the real, working bad breath remedies that will address the root of the problem and enlighten you with fresher, less odorous breath? Back to brushing your teeth; Stating the obvious, somewhat, but this is the best place to start your battle against halitosis. Your tongue can harbor a lot of bad smelling bacteria, and you can remove this using your toothbrush gently over the surface area.
Eating fruits or drinking the juices coming from fruits is another real remedy, especially if you take in fruits with a strong acidic content.
As mentioned previously, onions and garlic contribute to bad breath and brushing alone does not change the situation. This is one habit that most of us find disgusting, not only will it give you bad breathe, but it also may kill you as a way of saying thank you!
Gargling or rinsing out your mouth with salty hot water is one of the most tried and true remedies to cure bad breath that dentists highly suggest to their patients. Yogurt is actually a very popular remedy for garlic breath and any kind of bad breath, as ita€™s very effective yet it also tastes super delicious as well. After you eat anything with garlic, make sure that you eat fresh parsley sprigs, because ita€™s a herb that kills the germs and bacteria that causes your breath to stink. Getting rid of bad breath actually isna€™t a difficult task, because as long as you know what you need to do, you can eat garlic without worrying about your breath afterwards.
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I’ve found that brushing the cheek walls, the roof of the mouth , and in addition to the surface of the tongue, brush the sides and the underside of the tongue, as well as the cavity it rests in. Bad breath, which is also called halitosis, is a humiliating health condition that influences nearly 30% of people around the world. Some sources of bad breath comprise food, tobacco products, inadequate dental hygiene, health issues, dry mouth, mouth infections, dental problems, or medications. The bad breath smell is normally produced by a group of anaerobic, sulfur-producing bacteria that propagate below the surface of the tongue and usually in the throat and tonsil part.
Bad breath can usually be avoided by right tooth brushing, stop smoking, and refraining foods that cause bad breath odors. Lemon juice – The acidic volume in lemons avoids development of bacteria in your mouth. Brush teeth using baking soda – Brushing your teeth with baking soda helps counteracts surplus acids found in the oral cavity, bacteria that causes bad breath or halitosis do well in acidic surroundings.
Use or eat herbs daily – It is essential to commonly expel your system via dietary interventions.
Take probiotics – supplementing with probiotic flora or eating more probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, fermented sauerkraut and kombucha tea might be the remedy.
The oral cavity represents the storehouse of a wide diversity of microflora including mainly of bacterial species.
Occasionally, the balance of these microbes gets altered resulting in the shift of equilibrium from non-pathogenic to pathogenic species. These diseases are characterized by the presence of bacterial plaque on the teeth and the immune response counteracting the enduring infection.
However, periodontitis is the progressive and destructive form of the gingivitis comprising about 20% of adult population. Halitosis is mainly attributed to tongue coating and the periodontal disease which are also the main sources for the volatile sulphur compounds (the most active agents for bad breath). Yaegaki and Sanada have found a positive association between periodontal pocket depths and production of volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs).
The most recurrent source of bad breath is reservoir of gram negative bacteria (similar to the one responsible for bringing about periodontitis) that is located in the posterior dorsum of the tongue, periodontal pockets, inter dental spaces, subgingival areas and saliva. The gingival enlargement arising as a result of inflammation or use of drugs such as phenytoin, cyclosporine or calcium channel blockers intensifies the risk of halitosis. This entry was posted in About Halitosis and tagged gum disease cause bad breath, periodontal disease and bad breath on December 20, 2013 by .
Halitosis or bad malodor refers to an unpleasant state of odor emanating from mouth, nasal openings or facial and pharyngeal sinuses and signify a major issue for the society. The existence of halitosis dates back to the time of ancient Egypt, where the earliest report of halitosis in the form of toothpaste recipes was reported. The holy book Bible also describes the use of Ladanum (Mastic), obtained from the tree Pistacia lentiscus for breath freshening in the Mediterranean countries. In accordance with Islamic literature from year 1850, there was recommendation of the use of siwak to minimize the bad odor from mouth.
The ancient times also focused on the pleasant mouth odor of girls which was obtained via washing of the mouth with agents like wine, anise or dill seeds. In 1874, Joseph William Howe wrote the treaty about halitosis and described the role of bad odor as a factor in the destruction of communication among friends and individuals.
Hindus as well Buddhist monks also still insist the cleaning of the mouth by brushing or tongue scraping before the morning prayers.
Halitosis is also nicknamed as “social life killer” due to its overwhelming effect on the social and cultural life of the infected individuals.
Halitosis represents society’s most bothersome and social maladies that can affect people regardless of their sex, status in society or age.
Halitosis is becoming a major concern to the public due to the various risk factors including embarrassment, social disharmony, frustration, social and professional sequestration, depression, and marital problems etc associated with it. Since halitosis is associated with health and social issues, it is often regarded as a branch of oral science requiring medical and psychological considerations.
The key challenges associated with halitosis in society could easily be solved through health education and a dynamic balance between halitosis, social interaction, physical and psychological aspects of human beings.
This entry was posted in About Halitosis and tagged Bad Breath Is As Much A Social Problem As It Is A Physical One, bad breath social problems, halitosis a serious social problem, Halitosis in history, halitosis in the bible, Psychological and social impacts of halitosis on December 20, 2013 by . Halitosis represents a multidisciplinary and multifactorial problem caused by an array of factors including oral and non-oral causes. The treatment of oral malodor starts with the assessment of the oral conditions or the diseases related to oral cavity. Periodontal treatment represents the leading step towards the management of halitosis due to contributing nature of the periodontal diseases towards the microbial enrichment.
Chemical reduction is mainly achieved by the use of rinsing components or mouth rinses that act as supplements to reduce the mouth malodor. The microbial load is further declined by the use of chlorhexidine or chlorhexidine-CPC antimicrobial in combination with mechanical reduction. Essential oils play important role in reducing anaerobic gram negative bacteria and VSC producing bacteria and hence implicated in controlling bad breath.
Other antiseptics in use for treating malodor include cetylpyridinium chloride, triclosan rinses, and hydrogen peroxide. The most recent approach for the maintenance of oral health is the application of the probiotics that consists of live beneficial bacteria administered as a means of defence against bacteria harmful for the teeth and gums. Other natural methods for managing halitosis include the use of certain herbs like cardamom, alfalfa, myrrh, sage, and rosemary. Other measures to control halitosis include salivary stimulation, nasal mucosal controls or the use of saliva substitutes, and evasion of odoriferous food. And finally the patients suffering with symptoms of halitophobia or olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) should be dealt by psychologists or psychiatrists.
This entry was posted in About Halitosis and tagged cure for halitosis, how to cure halitosis, how to cure halitosis naturally, how to cure halitosis permanently, how to cure persistent bad breath halitosis, how to get rid of halitosis, how to prevent halitosis, Periodontal treatment, remedies for bad breath, treatment for halitosis on December 20, 2013 by .
Halitosis, a major source of concern to the public is generally regarded as a social taboo often linked to the disease of the oral cavity or poor oral health hygiene.
Presently, the diagnostic and treatment services for halitosis patients are provided at many of the dental offices with no accepted standards and varying clinical protocols. Patients with halitosis often lead a distressing life and seek treatment from dental clinicians.
Organoleptic measurement is considered to be the gold standard and the oldest method for the measurement and assessment of breath. However, it is also accompanied with some disadvantages involving extreme test subjectivity, lack of quantification, nose saturation and the reproducibility.
OralChroma is a portable gas chromatograph whereas Halimeter provide an idea of the total amount of VSCs in a sample as ppb (parts per billion) which is often less than 100 in normal situation and around 300-400 in persistent malodor. In order to overcome the drawbacks associated with gas chromatography and sulfide monitors, chemical sensors have been developed that are more sensitive and easy to operate.
The BANA test employs test strip composed of benzoyl-DL-arginine-anaphthylamide to detect short-chain fatty acids and proteolytic gram-negative bacteria responsible for hydrolyzing synthetic trypsin and causing halitosis. This entry was posted in About Halitosis and tagged halitosis diagnosis code, halitosis differential diagnosis, halitosis icd 9 code on December 20, 2013 by .
Halitosis, a generic term refers to the odorous smell emanating from the breath and mouth air. Extraoral sources of halitosis are liable for a small yet important 10-20% of all cases and are caused by alcohol abuse, poor diet, certain drugs, tobacco smoking, and some systemic conditions  (such as nephritic insufficiencies, pancreatic, hepatic and trimethylaminuria, lower and upper respiratory tract infection), medication in addition to diseases of other parts of digestive tract besides mouth. The main cause of the malodor in the oral cavity often resides with the microbial (bacterial) degradation of peptides into various metabolites including indole, skatole and volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) involving methyl mercaptan, hydrogen sulphide and dimethyl sulphide. Some metabolic disorders related to enzymatic and transport incongruities may also bring about halitosis. Hepato-pathology, endocrinology and medication are also responsible for causing oral halitosis. According to the estimates, the Americans spend around 1-3 million $ annually on mints, gums and breath freshners.
This entry was posted in About Halitosis and tagged anaerobic bacteria, causes bad breath, causes chronic halitosis, halitosis causes, how do you get halitosis, what causes bad breath, what causes halitosis bacteria, what causes halitosis in adults, what causes halitosis in children on December 20, 2013 by . The word halitosis or bad breath is one of the common oral health problems, which affect majority of general population. It has been observed that majority of people, who seek treatment for halitosis actually does not have a genuine halitosis and puzzled due to short of enough information about the problem. Originally, two different classification systems are broadly used to define different types of halitosis.
It mainly comprises about 21.2% of total cases and characterized by a condition, where the bad breath is not perceived by others, although the patients feel that they are suffering from it.
It comprises about 1.9% of total cases and refers to a situation whereby the perception of malodor by the patient continues to persist in spite of the treatment of genuine halitosis condition or even after their counselling in case of pseudo-halitosis. It has been observed that not only the patients suffering from pseudo-halitosis and halitophobia, but also genuine halitosis are also associated with similar psychology.
This entry was posted in About Halitosis and tagged Genuine halitosis, Halitophobia, pathologic halitosis, physiologic halitosis, Pseudo-halitosis, types bad breath on December 19, 2013 by .


Halitosis or oral malodor or bad breaths are some of the common terms that refer to the oral health condition.
It is one of the major concerns in developed countries and affects 8-50% people of all ages across the globe. The nature of disease is non infectious although, it is a reasonably trivial health problem and can cause worry and social handicap. Halitosis is brought about by the gram negative bacteria that usually dwell in the throat and on the tongue surface.
The various essential features associated with halitosis include dry mouth, a fiery tongue, thick saliva, post-nasal drip, white coating (back of the tongue, and around teeth), and constant unpleasant bitter metallic taste.
The most effective ways to combat bad breath include proper care of the mouth and teeth and regular visits to the dentist. Other products responsible for keeping breath fresh and preventing plaque formation include raw carrots, sugarless lozenges, sugar-free gum and celery.
Halitosis, or bad breath, is a health condition affecting nearly 30 percent of people worldwide.
And treating the condition without having to resort to the help of a medical professional, mostly because of the embarrassment, is why home treatments are so popular.
It may only be for a day, and we may have forgotten to brush after that hot spicy salad, but everyone will have experienced it at least once.
Firstly we shall look at what bad breath actually is and what causes it and then we will get into the home remedies for it that are known to be effective.
The bacteria attempts to break down the food that is left in our mouths, and this releases a nasty smelling gas. No matter how much you brush your teeth, if you have a broken tooth, your breath will always smell like rotten food. This can be caused by insufficient brushing or improper flossing that leads to plaque and numerous other germs and bacteria to be left behind inside the mouth. The aftertaste and chemical mixture in your mouth after eating spicy food will almost immediately lead to halitosis. Many people fear to face a doctor because they fear the initial reactions or they fear to be embarrassed and laughed at.
This is not true because excessive brushing will only end up drying the gums and the bristles may damage the teeth. This is completely false because the conditions of halitosis are caused by external agents like your diet and the conditions of your digestion as well as your brushing habits.
The following remedies are proven techniques and at-home medical procedures that will guarantee that plaque and bacteria will dissolve, leading to fresher breath. The biggest cause of bad breath is the build-up of plaque, but this is nullified if you brush regularly and correctly. You can also try using a tongue scraper, this is purpose built for the smelly germ removal.
If you drink at least the recommended six to eight glasses of water per day you are actively flushing out the bacteria from your mouth. Cranberry juice and orange juice are all good remedies to dissolve the hardened pockets of plaque, especially behind the back area of your teeth where the brush may not have reached. The substance contained in these items actually enters your bloodstream and you eventually breathe them out of your lungs. The salt content is good to help heal damaged gums and teeth and it is a better, stronger mix than any mouth wash you can find in the store.
Yogurt actually contain live cultures that eliminate the bacteria that causes bad breath, so when you eat yogurt, your awful smaelling breath will significantly disappear. Fresh parsley sprigs prevent the bad smell of garlic to spread to your gums and teeth so that your breath will not stink. Sam's work is also often published in other leading natural health and home remedies websites as well. Improving oral hygiene, proper brushing of teeth with suitable antimicrobial toothpastes(two times a day- morning and evening), gargling or rinsing the mouth with mouthwashes before and after meals can help get rid of bad breath.
Bad breath can be due to a number of explanations such as eating offensive foods, smoking, dry mouth, medical conditions, gum disease, and sinus conditions.
This assists to abolish any food and plaque which can be used as a fuel source by the anaerobic, sulfur-producing bacteria that produces bad breath. Alfalfa sprouts, parsley, peppermint, dill, fennel, sage, licorice, dandelion goldenseal, echinacea, wild yam, myrrh, lemon, and chlorophyll tablets as viable treatment options for bad breath. Drinking apple cider vinegar with water before eating may help your digestive processes run smoothly. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. This manifests itself in the form of various oral health problems comprising of dental caries, periodontal diseases, and halitosis. The associated causative microbes involve Treponema denticola, Aggregati bacter actinomycetemcomitans, P. Periodontal disease not only results in the onset of the halitosis but also its acceleration. Deeper periodontal pockets provide more space for harboring and promoting the growth of VSC producing gram negative microbiota and hence contributing to halitosis. These bacteria result in the production of various metabolites like indole, skatole and various VSCs including hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulfide which are the hallmarks of halitosis. Since, there exist a close relation between periodontal diseases and halitosis, the presence of periodontal inflammation needs to be well studied for the effective management of halitosis.
The sources of halitosis can be both oral and non-oral and it represents as one of the most common medical complications that require immediate attention.
Written reference to the halitosis condition goes all the way back to 1550 BC in papyrus manuscripts. The matrimonial license, known as Ketuba could also be broken legally in circumstance of oral malodor of one of the partners as stated in the Talmud (the Hebraic liturgics), dating back more than two thousand years ago.
Roman people practiced the art of chewing leaves and stalks of the plants and used perfumed tablets in order to conceal bad breath. 19th century has also witnessed the earthen pots filled with tooth powders during the excavations from the garbage deposits.
Multiple causes of halitosis are known at present which limits the single treatment strategy.
It has been observed that in human civilization and culture the word “kiss” actually designates as a symbol of affection of love and social bonding with another person. The severe cases of halitosis are encountered in only 5% of the population that necessitates the medical help whereas the majority of the cases come in the category of moderate halitosis. The impact of halitosis on social status encourages the research to be undertaken in this direction. At present, various malodor clinics have been established worldwide that caters to the need of masking of the bad breath. This can be achieved by mechanical reduction by brushing teeth regularly, flossing, and also inter dental aids. Zinc rinses which act by inactivating and converting VSCs into non malodorous compounds are effective in reducing oral malodor upto 90%. They are used as adjuvants for the prevention and treatment of oral infections such as deep caries, periodontal diseases and halitosis. Thus, the proper treatment of halitosis requires a multiple approach involving dentists and medical experts.
The incidence of occurrence of moderate halitosis is highly prevalent with only 5% of the population exhibiting severe cases of halitosis.
Unless a disease is diagnosed properly, the underlying treatment would result in a failure. A precise diagnosis is very important for identification of the underlying cause and depends on scrutiny of data congregated from oral examination, the patient’s history and additional laboratory and diagnostic tests. However, there are cases in which there occurs no measurable halitosis (halitophobia) and treatment is generally unsuccessful.
It is based on sniffing of the exhaled air of the mouth and nose and then comparison of the two (organoleptic assessment).
Objective measurements, although preferred for breath assessments are infrequently used in daily practice. The benefits associated with these portable machines are their easiness to handle even by the untrained staff, fast results, low cost and reproducibility. They possess an integrated probe for the measurement of sulphur compounds in periodontal pockets and tongue. Ninhydrin method is used to examine the amines of low molecular weight and also amino acids produced by the degradation of peptides and glycopeptides during halitosis.
This is brought about by gram negative anaerobic bacteria (such as Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola and Bacteroides forsythus) mainly residing in the buccal mucosa, teeth, periodontal pockets, faulty restorations and primarily in the posterior dorsal surface of the tongue. Postnasal drip, coughing, pyrosis, and ulcerations of the oesophagus are associated with halitosis. Chronic renal failure accompanying high blood urea levels and decreased flow rate of salivary in combination with dry mouth causes bad odor. However, it creates havoc among the bad breath sufferers mainly due to the lack of proper awareness. As it is considered to be a social taboo, individuals hesitate to provide their experience and discuss with professionals.
However, the classification system described by Miyazaki et al, in 1999 has been accepted widely.
Pathologic halitosis is a condition, wherein the bad breath is a result of the diseased state or aggravated by disease.
Halitophobia is commonly attributable to a form of psychological condition or delusion, where patients wrongly interpret their oral conditions and adopt an array of behaviours to curtail their apparent dilemma. The knowledge about different types of halitosis is more important, particular to those, who complain of bad breath, without any evidence of confirmable halitosis.
The condition can be either periodic or persistent in nature depending on the cause and has significant impact on behavioral and social interactions. Longstanding oral malodor is usually associated with oral problems, nasopharyngeal disease, respiratory tract infections, and tonsiliths and most predominantly through microbial putrefaction of food debris. These bacteria in presence of favorable moist warm conditions in the mouth cause the breakdown of proteins very rapidly resulting in the production of stinking volatile sulphur compounds, responsible for bad breath associated with halitosis. Regularly tongue scraping after meals, brushing teeth, and rinsing with mouthwashes that have been approved by the American Dental Association (ADA) assist in avoiding the problems associated with bad breath.
Hippocrates of Cos, also known as the Father of Western Medicine (around 400 BC) was aware of the gum disease responsible for causing oral odor. If we cleaned our teeth properly, there would be no food particles for the bacteria to target. These can buildup really fast and it doesna€™t take too long for these to affect your breath. Drinking cold water wona€™t be enough to get rid of bad breath because generally it wasna€™t the food itself that caused it but the chemical reaction your mouth had to the ingredients.
One session of brushing is enough to remove the layers of bacteria; if the brush was not able to get it off the first time, it wona€™t be able to do it the second and third because the bacteria buildup has hardened into layers of plaque.
Whether you eat the fruit or drink the juice it makes no difference as long as you intake the fluids that will work their wonders on the plaque. If you know you are going to be in an important meeting, or have a hot date lined up, avoid eating these until the next day if possible!
It will dissolve plaque but it may not be enough to flush them out and so youa€™ll have to brush your teeth before or after rinsing. When you eat yogurt on a daily basis, your breath will smell much better and more fresh, and the nicest part is that it also prevents plaque and gum disease. That is why if ever you eat garlic, make sure that you eat a fresh parsley sprig right after so that you wona€™t get foul breath.
The content Sam writes about is always thoroughly researched and based on real medical professionals opinions and users testimonials. In order for your body to generate adequate bacteria-fighting saliva, you must be drinking plenty of clean, fluoride-free water throughout the day. Some of these species are unique in the sense that they do not exist in the gastrointestinal tract and include Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus salivarius, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, and Lactobacillus casei. Periodontal disease represents the most commonly occurring oral diseases in modern times that affect the periodontium (the bone and soft tissues supporting the teeth in the jaws) and contributes about 11% to the oral pathology.


Gingivitis is the major representative of the periodontal disease which is non-destructive in nature and characterized by the inflammation of the gingival margin around the teeth neck and plaque accumulation around the gingival margin.
The inflammation during periodontal disease results in more production of methyl mercaptan from methionine than in healthy gingival tissues. However, in some cases the use of periodontal therapy is not much operative for the treatment of halitosis due to ruling out of other sources of halitosis. The major aspect of concern for society is the lack of knowledge regarding its causes, diagnosis, treatments and prevention, thus permits for its occurrence, and restraining the quality of life. At around 400 BC, when most civilizations advocated the imbalance of bodily fluids responsible for the origin of bad breath, Hippocrates of Cos (Father of Western Medicine) continued with his own thesis of the involvement of gum disease as the underlying agent for bad breath. However, the first step in overcoming the condition is the removal of underlying causes once the diagnosis is done.
Since people with halitosis are often witnessed with a negative eye, it can influence a person’s life enormously. More and more attention is being focused today by the doctors and dentists in the treatment of halitosis. A thorough knowledge of the factors contributing to the condition is highly essential for the efficacious treatment.
This is mainly used in combination with antiseptic mouth washes like chlorhexidine for higher efficiency.
Since tongue coating plays a very important role in halitosis, this can be taken care of by the cleaning of tongue dorsum via tongue cleaner, tongue scraper or tooth brush thereby reducing the levels of volatile sulphur compounds upto 42%. Masking agents that contribute in reduction of malodor comprises lozenges, mints, tooth pastes and chewing gums. Streptococcus salivarius and Weissella cibaria represent the potential probiobics for the treatment of halitosis.
In case of patients inflicted with medical diseases such as stroke, dementia, arthritis, or other neurologic disorders need medical attention for curing halitosis.
The etiology of halitosis resides in the odoriferous substances, often the volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) in the exhaled air. Volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) are often measured with the help of portable VSC monitor, such as Halimeter and OralChroma. The glycoprotein proteolysis play crucial role in halitosis and depends on the activity of enzyme ?-Galactosidase which is measured by the use of chromogenic substrate and the changes are recorded as 0, 1 or 2 indicating no color, faint blue color or moderate to dark blue color respectively. Thus, there exists a vast array of diagnostic methods for halitosis and newer methods are coming in the pipeline that would ultimately contribute to the proper management of halitosis.
The patients suffering from this condition experience extreme embarrassment and uneasiness and are in need of seeking help to combat it. The papillary surface of tongue dorsum provides the most suitable niche for the bacteria for the putrefaction process. Besides, dry mouth, also commonly known as xerostomia contribute to increased plaque formation on teeth and tongue and decreased saliva flow thereby resulting in loss of antimicrobial activity of the saliva. Infection by Helicobacter pylori which is the causal agent for peptic ulcer may be indirectly associated with bad breath following periodontitis. The etiology of halitosis is often divided into two categories based on the source of its origin, namely systemic (extra-oral) or intra-oral. Some people mistakenly assume the bad oral malodor on awakening as halitosis but, it is quite common and not considered as Halitosis. Secondly, no universal agreement prevails regarding the types, diagnostic criteria and detection methods to be utilized for defining individuals with halitosis. Despite the pathologic halitosis,physiologic halitosis is characterized by malodor which is attributed to the putrefaction (decomposition) process occurring in the oral cavity. In this regard, diagnosis of halitosis warrants recommendations of clinical psychological questionnaire or more general a regular inquiry, to diagnose the psychogenic halitosis.
Apart from this, the other primary cause of the odorous breath is attributed to the dental bacterial plaque on the teeth and tongue, dental caries, gingival and periodontal inflammation or gum disease mainly attributed due to poor oral hygiene. Treatment of the underlying condition arising as a result of illnesses such as lung disease, kidney failure, or liver failure in pathologic halitosis can improve it. We can also suffer from halitosis if we eat strong flavored foods, and these are typified by onions and garlic. The only way to get hardened plaque off is to visit a dentist and have your teeth cleaned with proper tools.
The reason why some people experience this problem is when their mouths have dried (either from keeping it shut for too long or not proactively talking for a long period of time, similarly to sleeping) and the dried area becomes a swimming pool for bacteria to grow and spread. Besides, the tongue coating, a causative factor for halitosis is also high in individuals with periodontal disease. Thus, management of halitosis not only involves periodontal treatment, but other factors like maintaining proper oral hygiene and tongue brushing etc.
It affects the social communication of individuals ultimately leading to the social and personal segregation. The association between mouth odors play a crucial role in establishment and safe guarding of social bonds and various other pillars of the quality of life. The prerequisite for the treatment involves the knowledge of the medical, dental and halitosis history of the patient to be determined beforehand followed by the establishment of oral or non-oral sources. This is accomplished by mechanical or chemical reduction of microbes, transformation of volatile sulphurous gases into non volatile ones and masking of the malodor. The commonly used formulations using these products include chlorhexidine (CHX), essential oils (EOs), triclosan and cetyl pyridinium chloride (CPC), metal ions and oxidizing agents.
More research and studies need to be undertaken in the direction of exploring the oral malodour due to the ever increasing interest and demand. 80-90 % causes of halitosis are associated with the head region (mouth, ear, nose, throat), with the remaining 10-20% systemic causes that have to be addressed for the proper diagnosis and treatment of this condition. This method has several advantages of being inexpensive, simple with no requirement of equipment and capable of detecting a wide range of odors.
In halitosis research, the gas chromatography (GC) analysis is highly reliable, reproducible and objective. It can be used for the measurement of ammonia and methyl mercaptan present in exhaled air and each volatile sulphur-containing compound separately.
The salivary incubation represents one of the assessment methods that measure halitosis indirectly.
The dental plaques, caries, poor oral hygiene and food debris accumulation result in gingivitis and periodontitis that causes oral malodor. This condition is mainly brought about by anxiety, diabetes, alcohol abuse, Sjo?gren syndrome, depression, medication, and mouth breathing. About 80-90% of the people with halitosis have oral causes which can be ascribed to oral infections, deep caries, mucosal ulcerations, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, impacted food, factors accountable for diminished saliva and, mainly, tongue coating. However, when oral malodor is long-lasting in nature, it is often categorized as halitosis.
Under this situation, it is necessary that sufferers should have a proper understanding about the source, cause, and different types of halitosis.
The pathologic halitosis is further subcategorized as oral (associated with tissues of the mouth) and extra oral (involve body tissues other than those in the oral cavity).
Furthermore, dentists, clinicians and health professionals should focus on the patient’s indication of social-phobia besides the patient’s own imaginary delusions. It is among one of the serious concerns in dental ailments following gum disease (periodontal disease) and tooth decay. Besides this, use of mouthwashes, saline nasal spray, antibiotics, glycosylation inhibitors, probiotic and lethal photosensitization are among some of the common experimental methods for plummeting oral malodour. The earliest citation of halitosis dates back to ancient Egypt civilization with comprehensive recipes for toothpaste. You can also suffer from bad breath if you are unwell, smoke cigarettes or drink a lot of alcohol. First up for discussion are the myths; the remedies that a lot of believe in but actually have no real effect on fixing bad breath and may actually make the condition even worse. Studies support the change in the methyl mercaptan-to-hydrogen sulfide ratio in tongue, disulfide content and oral malodor as a function of the severity of periodontal disease. In this regard, bad malodors represent as a factor of negative interference and a major obstacle. Majority of the cases of halitosis are of oral origin, however, other etiologies involving non-oral sources like ENT or systemic diseases may also be involved. Chlorhexidine digluconate is very effective in reduction of gingivitis and bacterial plaque thereby reducing malodor. The most commonly used methods include organoleptic measurement, sulfide monitoring, gas chromatography, the BANA test and chemical sensors with less prevalent ones being quantifying ?-galactosidase activity, salivary incubation test, ammonia monitoring, or ninhydrin method. It is used to measure VSCs and examine components that can undergo vaporization without getting decomposition.
The non-oral causes of halitosis comprise diabetes mellitus, renal failure and cirrhosis of the liver.
Records also exist for the bad breath all the way back to 1550 BC wherein tablets (containing cinnamon, myrrh, incense and honey) and mouthwash of herbs (spices) and red wine were used for curing the bad breath.
There are ways to ensure that your bad breath doesna€™t become a problem, but you need to be vigilant. Remember to stick with just one session because if you beyond that youa€™ll be hurting your gums and teeth. Some forms of periodontal disease including pericoronitis, vincent’s disease, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis or aggressive forms of periodontitis bring about a surge in oral malodor. ENT alone is accountable for 10% of oral malodor of which 3% finds its origin at the tonsils. The causes of the halitosis remain inexhaustible and there may be more than one factor that results in the condition. It is age independent and around more than 80 million people suffers from the chronic halitosis. Besides, the ancient Roman Physician, Pliny had described the methods for sweetening of the bad breath.
Another thing to take note of is that you have to make a habit of brushing your tongue and using the soft end of your toothbrush to massage your gums as well.
Furthermore, family, friends, healthcare and clinicians need to provide long term support and encouragement to patients. You should also floss once a day, because this will remove the food particles between your teeth. Besides, malodor arising due to pulmonary pathology includes lung abscesses, endobrochial chronic disorders and bronchiectasis. If you feel like you should be doing this more often, just go ahead, just try not to brush too aggressively as this can harm your enamel.
Streptococcus pneumonia and Haemophilus influenza are the causative agents of bacterial sinusitis and typical odor. The Tongue is covered by the tiny Hair- like material which is just seen under the Microscope and it looks like the Mushrooms. Under the caps of Mushrooms there is present Plaque and few particles of things that we eat. Shapira says the main reason of the bad breath is the series of dead Bacteria that may attach to the Teeth and the Gums. The researchers say that there are 50 Trillion of these Microscopic Organisms present all the time in the Mouth.These Microscopic Organisms resides in the corner of Mouth where they eat particles from the food that passes through the Lips.
It ultimately produces the bad breath.When an individual exhales, the Bacteria are exhaled.
It is important to clean away the Plaque after every meal and avoid the bad breath problem.5. Chlorophyll is also known as Breath Deodorizer.You can use this for garnishing or chew it thoroughly. Go For The Cheese:The Camembert, Roquefort and the Blue Cheese are very good for the breath problem. They hold the breath and don’t let it go.Almost all the Dairy products have the same effect. So the people who have the problem of bad breath, they should increase the use of Dairy products in their daily diet routine.These are the few best home remedies for the bad breath.



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