How do you get rid of acne on your chest back and shoulders,how to get rid of severe bloating and constipation x ray,how to get rid of pimples around the eyes,how to get rid of pimple dark spots on face uk - 2016 Feature

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TargetWoman is a portal dedicated to Women - Articles of lasting value from Hair styles to liposuction, from working women to fashion jewellery and a handpicked listing of sites of importance to women. Acne can develop on any part of the body except the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.
Back acne and chest acne can be tougher to treat than facial acne and it can also be more expensive as it is a larger area to cover. Body acne is not easy to treat as it is hard to reach back area and it is often more difficult to treat than facial acne because body acne is thicker.
The treatment for body acne depends on the category of the acne; be it light to moderate or moderate to severe. For light to moderate cases of body acne, gently cleanse the skin allowing it to dry completely.
For moderate to severe cases of body acne, a regimen consisting of gently cleansing the skin, applying 2.5% of benzyl peroxide and 10% of alpha hydroxy acid provides great results.
It is recommended to wear breathable fabrics like cotton in order to induce evaporation of sweat. People with back and chest acne should ensure to keep their bed linens clean, especially pillow cases.
Exercise is highly recommended and as the body breaks out after exercise; wash the body right after exercise. If the body is exposed to sunrays, it is better to wear sunscreen and then wash the body when back home.
Those with body acne should not use oil-based moisturizers as they contain pore clogging fats which should be avoided. Certain creams that contain nourishing natural oils can regulate sebum secretion and help with treatment of chest, shoulders and back acne.
As body acne in chest and back can be caused due to various potential and underlying causes, it is better to get examined by a dermatologist. Those with acne often tend to avoid sugary foods and chocolates in an attempt to cure acne.
Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Acne, medically known as Acne Vulgaris, is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. Acne can be affected by the menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, oil based makeup, greasy hair and pimple squeezing. The word acne comes from the word acme meaning "the highest point," which comes from the Greek akme meaning "point" or "spot" - it was originally misspelt, with an 'n' rather than an 'm' in 1835. Simply put - skin cells, sebum and hair can clump together into a plug, this plug gets infected with bacteria, resulting in a swelling. Scientists from the Washington University School of Medicine found that there are good and bad strains of bacteria that determine the severity and frequency of developing acne. Everyone has acne-causing bacteria living on their skin, but researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine have identified that there are "good" and "bad" strains of the bacteria, which determine the frequency and severity of developing pimples.
A diet high in glycemic index foods and dairy products is now linked to acne, according to a new study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Dermatologists (skin specialists) say that approximately three-quarters of 11 to 30 year-olds will get acne at some time. Although acne affects both men and women, young men suffer from acne for longer - probably because testosterone, which is present in higher quantities in young men, can make acne worse. On the next page we take a look at some of the available treatments for mild and severe acne. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:MLANordqvist, Christian. For any corrections of factual information, or to contact our editorial team, please see our contact page. Please note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional.
Learn how to keep your skin looking young and healthy with these top tips sourced from skin experts and recent journal studies. Dandruff, also known as scurf or Pityriasis simplex capillitii, affects the scalp and causes flakes of skin to appear - it is a common condition.
Aside from scarring, its main effects are psychological, such as reduced self-esteem[8] and in very extreme cases, depression or suicide.[9] Acne usually appears during adolescence, when people already tend to be most socially insecure.
The term acne comes from a corruption of the Greek ???? (akme), literally "point, edge", but in the sense of a "skin eruption"[10] in the writings of Aetius Amidenus.
The term "acne rosea" is a synonym for rosacea, however some individuals may have almost no acne comedones associated with their rosacea and prefer therefore the term rosacea.[13] Chloracne is associated with exposure to polyhalogenated compounds.
Box car scars: Angular scars that usually occur on the temple and cheeks, and can be either superficial or deep, these are similar to chickenpox scars. Pigmented scars is a slightly misleading term, as it suggests a change in the skin's pigmentation and that they are true scars; however, neither is true. Hormonal activity, such as menstrual cycles and puberty, may contribute to the formation of acne.
Development of acne vulgaris in later years is uncommon, although this is the age group for rosacea, which may have similar appearances.
Cook's acne grading scale: Uses photographs to grade severity from 0 to 8 (0 being the least severe and 8 being the most severe).
Pillsbury scale: Simply classifies the severity of the acne from 1 (least severe) to 4 (most severe). Increased blood flow following exercise assists the maintenance of skin cells as it brings in oxygen and nutrients while removing waste.
Benzoyl peroxide is a first-line treatment for mild and moderate acne vulgaris due to its effectiveness and mild side-effects (primarily an irritant dermatitis).
A group of medications for normalizing the follicle cell life-cycle are topical retinoids such as tretinoin (Retin-A), adapalene (Differin), and tazarotene (Tazorac). A daily oral intake of vitamin A derivative isotretinoin (marketed as Roaccutane, Accutane, Amnesteem, Sotret, Claravis, Clarus) over a period of 4–6 months can cause long-term resolution or reduction of acne.


Nicotinamide, (vitamin B3) used topically in the form of a gel, has been shown in a 1995 study to be of comparable efficacy to topical clindamycin used for comparison.[32] The property of topical nicotinamide's benefit in treating acne seems to be its anti-inflammatory nature. Ibuprofen in combination with tetracycline[34] are used for some moderate acne cases for their anti-inflammatory effects. Mandelic acid has been noted to be an effective topical treatment for mild to moderate acne. Dermabrasion is a cosmetic medical procedure in which the surface of the skin is removed by abrasion (sanding). Laser surgery has been in use for some time to reduce the scars left behind by acne,[44] but research has been done on lasers for prevention of acne formation itself.
Since lasers and intense pulsed light sources cause thermal damage to the skin, there are concerns that laser or intense pulsed light treatments for acne will induce hyperpigmented macules (spots) or cause long-term dryness of the skin. Tea tree oil (melaleuca oil) has been used with some success, where it is comparable to benzoyl peroxide but without excessive drying, kills P. Aloe vera: there are treatments for acne mentioned in Ayurveda using herbs such as Aloe vera, Neem, Haldi (Turmeric) and Papaya. 1980s: Accutane is introduced in the United States, and later found to be a teratogen, highly likely to cause birth defects if taken during pregnancy. This is because these are the only two areas that do not have sebaceous follicles where acne is formed. Studies reveal that most people with facial acne also exhibit some amount of body acne as well. For instance, acne in the chest doesn't allow you to bare on the beach in a skimpy vest or bikini.
Bigger acne lesions can be painful and they are pus filled cysts, often leaving scars behind. Acne results due to increased androgen hormones in the body which affects the size of the sebaceous gland and produces them due to excess sebum. The mask can be applied for ten to fifteen minutes before a shower and in the shower the mask is washed off with the acne wash and water. Exercise helps eliminate tensions, increases micro circulation of the skin and allows the body endocrine system to regulate itself. A moisturizer which contains omega-3 contained in natural sebum like oils and linoleic acid should help.
It commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous (oil) glands come to life - the glands are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands of both males and females.
They explained in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology (March 2013 issue) that not all acne bacteria trigger pimples - in fact, one strain they identified can help keep the skin pimple-free. Experts believe the primary cause is a rise in androgen levels - androgen is a type of hormone. We look at how they feed and re-produce and how you can treat and get rid of them from your house. First be sure to thoroughly wash your skin daily with a gentle body cleanser and exfoliate areas prone to acne once a week.
Severe acne is inflammatory, but acne can also manifest in noninflammatory forms.[2] The lesions are caused by changes in pilosebaceous units, skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and its associated sebaceous gland, changes that require androgen stimulation. In adolescence, acne is usually caused by an increase in testosterone, which people of both genders accrue during puberty.[3] For most people, acne diminishes over time and tends to disappear — or at the very least decrease — after one reaches one's early twenties. Used by itself, the term "acne" refers to the presence of pustules and papules.[11] The most common form of acne is known as acne vulgaris, meaning "common acne".
Pigmented scars are usually the result of nodular or cystic acne (the painful 'bumps' lying under the skin). Hyperkeratinization and formation of a plug of keratin and sebum (a microcomedo) is the earliest change. True acne vulgaris in adult women may be a feature of an underlying condition such as pregnancy and disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome or the rare Cushing's syndrome. For example, school aged boys with acne often have other members in their family with acne. Like isotretinoin, they are related to vitamin A, but they are administered as topicals and, in general, have much milder side-effects. It is believed that isotretinoin works primarily by reducing the secretion of oils from the glands, however some studies suggest that it affects other acne-related factors as well. It is used to remove sun-damaged skin and to remove or lessen scars and dark spots on the skin.
In the past decade, it has become more common to use laser dermabrasion using CO2, Er:YAG laser or a combination of both for the treatment of acne scars. Recently, visible light has been successfully employed to treat mild to moderate acne (phototherapy or deep penetrating light therapy) - in particular intense violet light (405–420 nm) generated by purpose-built fluorescent lighting, dichroic bulbs, LEDs or lasers.
Unlike most of the other treatments, few if any negative side-effects are typically experienced, and the development of bacterial resistance to the treatment seems very unlikely.
However, efficacy studies have used very small sample sizes for periods of six months or less, and have shown contradictory results.[45] Also, laser treatment being relatively new, protocols remain subject to experimentation and revision,[46] and treatment can be quite expensive. In the United States, more than 2,000 women became pregnant while taking the drug between 1982 and 2003, with most pregnancies ending in abortion or miscarriage.
Those with chest acne also feel delicate to exercise in a gym as their condition might be revealed in during the shower or other occasions. Victims of this type of acne develop several types of skin lesions like closed comedo or whitehead and blackheads.
A serious underlying condition such as ovarian tumors, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, adrenal hyperplasia and other such ailments can cause acne. Acne is caused due to overworked pilosebaceous units and there is no conclusive evidence that diet affects the development of chest and back acne. This is especially important after a workout or heavy perspiration, as wet clothes can cause excess oil to build up on your skin. Enlargement of sebaceous glands and an increase in sebum production occur with increased androgen (DHEA-S) production at adrenarche. Menopause-associated acne occurs as production of the natural anti-acne ovarian hormone estradiol fails at menopause.


It is as yet inconclusive whether any of these undesirable strains evolve on-site in the adverse conditions or are all pathogenically acquired, or possibly either depending on the individual patient. Isotretinoin has been shown to be very effective in treating severe acne and can either improve or clear well over 80% of patients. The procedure is very painful and usually requires a general anaesthetic or "twilight anaesthesia", in which the patient is still partly conscious.[4] Afterward, the skin is very red and raw-looking, and it takes several months for the skin to regrow and heal. Indications for CO2 laser treatment include previous non erythematous and non-proliferative hypertrophic scars, atrophic acne scars and burn scars.[36] Laser dermabrasion is much easier to control, much easier to gauge, and is practically bloodless compared to classic dermabrasion.
Used twice weekly, this has been shown to reduce the number of acne lesions by about 64%[37] and is even more effective when applied daily. After treatment, clearance can be longer-lived than is typical with topical or oral antibiotic treatments; several months is not uncommon. However this photodynamic therapy is controversial and not published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Rising androgen levels make the oil glands under your skin grow; the enlarged gland produces more oil.
Hormone changes during pregnancy may cause acne either to develop for the first time, or to recur. After cleansing your skin, apply an acne treatment that contains either benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, which are both made to treat acne symptoms. Although quite rare, the medical condition Atrophia Maculosa Varioliformis Cutis also results in "acne-like" depressed scars on the face. Often, the pigmentation scars can be avoided simply by avoiding aggravation of the nodule or cyst. The microcomedo may enlarge to form an open comedone (blackhead) or closed comedone (milia). The lack of estradiol also causes thinning hair, hot flushes, thin skin, wrinkles, vaginal dryness, and predisposes to osteopenia and osteoporosis as well as triggering acne (known as acne climacterica in this situation). These strains either have the capability of changing, perpetuating, or adapting to, the abnormal cycle of inflammation, oil production, and inadequate sloughing activities of acne pores. Both can be used where blood tests show abnormally high levels of androgens, but are effective even when this is not the case. The retinoids appear to influence the cell creation and death life-cycle of cells in the follicle lining.
The drug has a much longer effect than anti-bacterial treatments and will often cure acne for good.
Dermabrasion is useful for scar removal when the scar is raised above the surrounding skin, but is less effective with sunken scars.
The equipment or treatment, however, is relatively new and reasonably expensive to buy initially, although the total cost of ownership can be similar to many other treatment methods (such as the total cost of benzoyl peroxide, moisturizer, washes) over a couple of years of use.
Pigmentation scars nearly always fade with time taking between three months to two years to do so, although can last forever if untreated. Comedones are the direct result of sebaceous glands' becoming clogged with sebum, a naturally occurring oil, and dead skin cells. At least one particularly virulent strain, though, has been circulating around Europe for at least 87 years.
Along with this, treatment with low-dose spironolactone can have anti-androgenetic properties, especially in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome. The treatment requires close medical supervision by a dermatologist because the drug has many known side-effects (many of which can be severe).
If over-the-counter products don’t seem to be addressing the problem, talk to your dermatologist about other options.
Retinol, a form of vitamin A, has similar, but milder, effects and is used in many over-the-counter moisturizers and other topical products.
Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, resulting in an accumulation of oil under the skin. Effective topical retinoids have been in use for over 30 years, but are available only on prescription, so are not as widely used as the other topical treatments.
In those cases, a second treatment for another 4–6 months may be indicated to obtain desired results. It is often recommended that one let a few months pass between the two treatments, because the condition can actually improve somewhat in the time after stopping the treatment and waiting a few months also gives the body a chance to recover.
On occasion, a third or even a fourth course is used, but the benefits are often less substantial. The most common side-effects are dry skin and occasional nosebleeds (secondary to dry nasal mucosa).
Oral retinoids also often cause an initial flare-up of acne within a month or so, which can be severe. For this reason, it is recommended that patients have blood samples taken and examined before and during treatment. In some cases, treatment is terminated or reduced due to elevated liver enzymes in the blood, which might be related to liver damage. Others claim that the reports of permanent damage to the liver are unsubstantiated, and routine testing is considered unnecessary by some dermatologists.
However, routine testing are part of the official guidelines for the use of the drug in many countries. Some press reports[weasel words] suggest that isotretinoin may cause depression, but, as of September 2005, there is no agreement in the medical literature as to the risk. The drug also causes birth defects if women become pregnant while taking it or take it while pregnant. For this reason, female patients are required to use two separate forms of birth control or vow abstinence while on the drug.
Because of this, the drug is supposed to be given to females as a last resort after milder treatments have proven insufficient.



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