Skin infections in dogs that cause hair loss,home remedies for sore throat and cough in babies videos,how to get rid of dry skin and rash on face pictures,how to get rid of under the skin scar tissue quiz - Step 3

admin | Cure Bv Naturally | 23.01.2016
To print this page without banners and navigation, just select the Print option in your browser. The dermatophyte that causes ringworm can be passed from person to person by direct skin-to-skin contact or by contact with contaminated items such as combs, unwashed clothing, and shower surfaces.
Examine your skin in a dark room with a special blue light (called a Wood's lamp) that uses ultraviolet light to look for changes in your skin color.
More than 95% of superficial pyodermas are associated with Staphylococcus intermedius, which have a fairly predictable antibiotic sensitivity pattern.
Surface infections are characterised by itching, hair loss and moist erosions (often called ‘hot-spots’ or ‘pyo-traumatic dermatitis’). Superficial folliculitis with red papules and pustules in a dog with flea allergic dermatitis. None of these signs are 100% specific for infections, however, and suspected cases should be examined by a vet.
The most important to know with recurrent infections is what the underlying cause is, what steps are being taken to diagnose this and what other treatments can be used. Owners should make sure that they present their pets promptly, give a full and accurate history including whether the pet (or any close contacts), have been abroad, any contagion to other pets or owners and whether any family members have conditions that leave them vulnerable to infections (e.g. Surgery may need to be delayed until the infection has been treated although this may not be possible. There are a great many of other bacterial, fungal and viral infections ranging from the trivial to serious, but it is beyond the scope of this piece to discuss them all. Any bacteria (and potentially fungal infection, although this is less common) can develop antibiotic resistance.
It depends on the species of bacteria, the individual situation and the selection pressure they are exposed to. MRSA is carried by less than 1% of healthy humans (although this figure is higher in healthcare workers. Pets can become carriers through the close physical contact they have with people who are themselves carriers. By providing us with personal information you consent to us maintaining, using and disclosing your personal information in the way described.
If you are a new client to the area and would like to be placed on our database, please download the new client form and bring it along to BHVG.
Whilst offerring readers an insight into the world of veterinary scinece at BHVG, the authors have provided a very basic level of information.
We are very happy to have the excellent backup of various referral services for those cases requiring specialist care.
David owns and runs the North Parramatta Specialist Centre where he performs major soft tissue and orthopaedic operations.
I have a passion for keeping up to date so I can offer all of my patients the latest care, and look after them as best as humanly possible. I spent 9 years in the UK where I received a Certificate in Small Animal Cardiology from the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (London).
In 1991, I established Balgownie Veterinary Hospital in Wollongong, with my then partner, Stephanie. Before purchasing BHVG from Steve Henry in 2011, I did locum work close to Wollongong where my much loved children Hugh (18) and Margot (15) were based. I have lived in Berry and Shoalhaven Heads for the last 15 years, and enjoy playing tennis at Shoalhven Heads Tennis Club and squash at Bomaderry Squash and Fitness Centre. I would love to meet both you and your pet(s), have a chat and give you a tour of the clinic, and see how I can help you. It is very rare that we need to remove tonsils as most cases respond to antibiotics and rest.
One of our clients was driving by, and picked her up and brought her straight to the surgery.
We packed the wound with a special cream for burn victims (Flamazine) and bandaged it for 3 days. We placed Bully on an IV drip and anesthetised him with IV Alfaxan, and then placed him on Isoflurane gas.
The bandage was changed every 4-5 days, and it did not take long for some nice healthy granulation tissue to fill in the gaps to give us a smooth surface for the surrounding skin to run along and close the gap. Granulation tissue is the cherry ripe looking tissue in the middle of the wound that you can see in the post op photos. Once it is laid down, the skin edges naturally creep along the top of it and new skin is formed. By 30 days, the wound had completely closed over with fresh skin and Bully was a much happier dog. On examination, her vitals were all normal- good gum colour, heart and lungs ok, temperature normal and she was reasonably bright and alert. We suspected a nasty tumour in the abdomen and offered exploratory surgery just in case it was benign.
Some cephalexin antibiotic powder was placed in the abdomen and we closed the wound using normal sutures.
On cutting the mass in half, we found large chunks of food in the middle mixed with lots of inflammatory scar tissue.
Over the weekend, she had to be force fed and given anti vomiting injections (Cerenia) and continued pain relief and antibiotic cover. We thought she may have developed fatty liver necrosis (damage to the liver) as a result of the major surgery. On Sunday morning, she looked a bit stronger and she even ate a tiny amount of cooked chicken brought in by her Mum.
She was given a nice low voltage heat mat to sleep on and her Mum kept up the nutrition, antibiotics and pain relief. This was one of our trickiest cases and just goes to show that even though I have been in practice since 1981, I still have not seen all the different possible medical and surgical cases that present themselves to vets. In early December, late in the afternoon, we were presented with a 6 year old female kelpie, Molly who was slightly off colour and had a mild left head tilt and a throaty gag. All the symptoms suggest an issue with the nerves that supplied the left head and neck area. Well, after several extensive tick searches and an after hours clip, we had not found a tick or crater.
We immediately setup two IV drips with a bottle of snake anti-venom in one and fluids in the other.
While the fluids and anti venom were running in, we drew up some bloods and ran them on our in-house laboratory. At 11.00pm, I came in to check on Molly, and lo and behold, she was sitting up and wagging her tail. On examination, his gums were nice and pink and filled up with blood quickly when pressed by a finger (capillary refill time). Mac was very uncomfortable when palpating his abdomen, even with a heavy pain killer sedation. X-rays showed a lot of gas building up in his intestines but no real evidence of a solid foreign body. The fact that he had severe vomiting and marked pain in his abdomen and gas building up in his intestines was enough to warrant us having a look inside straight away.
Mac was placed on an IV drip and anaesthetised with IV Alfaxan before being placed on Isoflurane gas. We removed the dead piece of small intestine and then joined (anastomosed) the 2 fresh edges together.
The whole area was flushed several tines with saline and then Cephalexin antibiotic was sprayed over the operating site. Chloe was placed on an IV fluid drip and anaesthetised with IV Alfaxan followed by Isoflurane gas.
The tumour was sent for pathology testing and came back as a soft tissue sarcoma which was more likely to regrow in the same area rather than spread to other parts of the body.
The plan is to monitor the area regularly and give Chloe regular health checks to pick up any signs of regrowth or spread of the tumour.


Victor, a 14 year old cat, was having a nice sleep on the front verandah when 2 stray dogs came along and tried to kill him. After 72 hours, we were not getting much fluid or air from the chest drain so it was removed. On palpating his middle abdomen, a thick firm irreglaur shaped swelling approx the size of a plum, could be felt.
Xrays showed a lot of gas building up in his small intestines and some faeces in his colon and an indistinct swelling in the mid-abdomen.
The fact he was in sudden discomfort from being a healthy happy cat, it was suspected he may have an acute intestinal blockage, intestinal thrombus or a tumour causing an acute abdomen. Chester was placed on a IV drip and anaesthetised with IV Alfaxan followed by Isoflurane gas. Surgery was scheduled using a new technique to deepen the groove in which the patella slides up and down. The patella is attached to the big group of muscles at the top front of the leg- the quadriceps.
In Hazmat's case, he had been born with a tibial crest that was off centre and was positioned too far medial (inside) which gave an unnatural "pull" on the patella tendon attached to it above.
Using a small bone saw, 2 parallel cuts were made in this groove running form top to bottom. The next part of the operation was to move the tibial crest to a more outward (lateral) position in order to straighten up the pull of the quadriceps muscles on the patella.
The final part of the operation was to overlap the tissues (lateral fascia lata) on the outside of the stifle thereby pulling the patella laterally and away from its tendency to want to dislocate medially.
The stifle was irrigated with sterile saline and a soluble antibiotic was placed in the joint. Some pets (including cats and dogs) and livestock (such as cows, goats, horses, and pigs) can carry the fungus and transmit it to people.
If a doctor diagnoses the rash as ringworm, they may prescribe a fungicidal material to swallow as tablets or powders that can be applied directly to the affected areas.
The clinical signs include itching, pustules, scaling and crusting but affected dogs are usually quite well in themselves.
It is therefore not necessary to perform routine culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing on most cases as they will respond to a sensible choice of antibiotic.
Clinical signs of superficial infections include itching, red papules, pustules, scaling (often in a circular ring called an ‘epidermal collarette’), crusting and hair loss. These are usually given systemically but topical antibiotics can be used in localised infections,  e.g. Generally the antibiotic should be effective against the bacteria involved (although this doesn’t always require culture), be given at the appropriate dose (it is always better to slightly overdose rather than underdose) and be given for long enough (superficial infections usually require three weeks treatment; deep infections may require 6-8 weeks or longer). How significant is the difference between dermatitis that is also infected and that which is not?
The infections will usually make the underlying condition worse and require treatment but it is most important to diagnose and manage the primary disease. What precautions (if any) should an owner expect a vet to take when operating on a pet either with infected dermatitis or with a history of that?
Antibiotics and antibacterial shampoos can be used to reduce bacterial contamination of the skin or ears if necessary. Resistance can occur very quickly, especially in species like Pseudomonas that readily acquire DNA. The BVA and BSAVA are taking the issue very seriously but it is also important not to panic: MRSA infections remain rare in animals and is not dangerous to healthy people and pets.
Now he has his own Aussie Pooch Mobile Dog Wash and he and his daughter Katelin would love to see you.
Our staff will be more than happy to place you and your pet(s) on our computer system and setup an annual health check, vaccine, worming and other reminders. Should your pet(s) have any specific conditions or problems, please consult your own vet(s) for more up to date and accurate treatment. Our clients think the world of David, who is very dedicated to his profession and performs highly skilled operations.
If you cannot find the answer to your question, please use the search at the top of our site, or send us an enquiry. Blood pressure monitoring involved an invasive procedure only performed at specialist centres, and we could not measure blood oxygen levels during surgery.
I play too much squash at Bomaderry Squash and Fitness, and enjoy organising teams to play in our local and Illawarra competitions. I know your line of thinking when it comes to pet care and treat client’s pets the same way I would treat my own. Other vices include learning to surf, mountain bike riding and bush walking (and the occasional ale).
That means you see the same vet each time you visit, just like I personally prefer to see my own dentist, GP, car mechanic and accountant (except when the bill arrives of course). All the staff have lived in the area for a very long time, and know the local pet health issues inside out. It contains a tetracycline which is renowned for its effectiveness in respiratory tract infections. X-rays showed she had fractured 5 ribs on the right side, and her right lungs had filled up with blood (pulmonary contusion). A needle biopsy of the lump failed to show any malignant cells so we decided to have a go at removing the tumour from the toes. At the first bandage change, the wound was a bit messy so we cleaned it up with sterile saline and repacked it with Flamazine. It been slowly growing for 2-3 years, but had reached the point where it was uncomfortable.
We made a 1cm margin cut around the base of the tumour and, using blunt dissection, slowly peeled it away from the underlying tendons and bones. The wound was packed with Flamazine ointment (used for treating burn victims), covered with sterile gauze then bandaged. It is unusual to need skin grafts in dogs and cats as they are pretty good at this type of healing. Priscilla had some bloods taken and all the biochemistry and haematology results came back normal.
She is eating 7-8 times a day, running around following her Mum everywhere she goes and demanding to be allowed on her lap at every opportunity. It was a great result and one where we just had to go with the flow and get on with the surgery and intensive care.
On my final tick search, I was running my fingers very tightly down the edges of Molly’s left ear flap and felt a tiny area of swelling and heat approx. We ran the anti-venom in over 60 minutes and had adrenaline drawn up and ready to inject IV in case of an anaphylactic allergic reaction to it. The owners mentioned they had found some piles of vomit in the yard which I suspect was the dog’s initial response to the snake bite.
We were concerned he may have a foreign body in his stomach or intestines or had some kind of blockage in his intestines. Upon opening the abdomen, there was fresh blood lying around and a very nasty looking section of bleeding and dying small intestine. 50cm of his small intestine had slipped through a naturally occurring small hole in some tissue called the mesentery, and then twisted around and cut its own blood supply off.
Luckily, there was 1.5cm of normal small intestine to work with before the junction of small and large intestines was involved (where the appendix is).
We then wrapped the anastomosis in some tissue called omentum which has great at healing powers and is good at sealing any small leaks. Each breath he took would result in air from outside his chest being sucked in then pushed out as the lungs inside his chest collapsed and expanded. Other drains that had been placed under the skin where the torn muscles were were removed on day 4. On examining his intestines,  we found a 10cm section of small intestine which was very inflamed, thickened and swollen.


On examination, he had a dislocating kneecap (patella) which continually locked itself in an abnormal position on the inside (medial aspect) of his knee (stifle). In Hazmat's case, the inside (medial) ridge of this groove had flattened out due to the patella continually dislocating medially and wearing the ridge out. The patella is attached by a tendon on its lower edge to the tibial crest ( a ridge of bone on the top front of the tibia).This is the same tendon the doctors tap on to test your reflexes. The rectangular block was then replaced into the deepened groove giving a nice ridge to stop the patella from slipping out of the groove. Because dermatophytes thrive in warm, moist areas, athletes are at risk for ringworm because they are likely to sweat and be around others who are sweating. Deep pyodermas, in contrast, can cause fever, malaise and potentially life threatening septicaemia. Deep infections cause swelling, ‘boils’ or ‘furuncles’, ulcers, draining sinuses and abscesses (see figures below).
Autogenous vaccines, made from cultures taken from the affected animal, are sometimes used in idiopathic recurrent pyodermas (i.e.
Full sterile precautions (including preparation of the surgical site, sterile operating theatre and instruments, hand washing and wearing of sterile gown, gloves, hat and mask) and good post-operative care will minimise the risk of wound contamination.
A special thank you also to Simone who we called so early for assistance, she was wonderful and extremely professional.
I did numerous "sex change" operations on male cats (female cats have wider plumbing so to speak) who were repeatedly getting blocked bladders from crystals forming in their urine.
Following a partnership split, I became the first  Partner in Practice at the University of Sydney Veterinary School where I gave final year students an insight into life as a vet surgeon. I love the latest mod cons of vet practice and look back at the early 80's and marvel at how things have changed so much. Simone has a keen interest in all aspects of small animal practice but particularly enjoys soft tissue surgery and has an interest in further developing her small animal medicine skills. This had happened due to the whiplash effect of internal organs from direct blunt trauma to the body. The oxygen was continued, but the rate of IV fluids was lowered in case it had started to leak out of the damaged lungs.
It looked pretty nasty and we were worried it was malignant and may have spread to other parts of her body.
At the second bandage change, it looked a lot healthier and the skin defect had filled in with granulation tissue. There were several tough adhesions that had to be cut, and numerous blood vessels had to be clamped and tied off to prevent bleeding. Being a Friday evening, we decided to open her up just to check there were no adhesions or leaking for the stomach wall surgery site. However, when we spun the blood down in our centrifuge, the serum (the watery part of the blood) was tinged red rather than being clear. It looks like she got just a small amount of venom when bitten and it only affected the local nerves near the bite wound, but the discoloured serum was a warning to more serious things on the way. Using blunt dissection and tying off blood vessels attached to the tumour, it was eventually removed after approx. We placed some sterile saline over the closure to check for leaks which would show up as bubbles. There was a lot of free clear watery fluid in the abdomen, possibly leaking from the swollen intestinal surface. If you feel that tendon, you can see how it is attached to the ridge of bone below your knee- the tibial crest.
The constant "pulling" made the patella slide out of its groove and flatten the inside ridge.
The chisel was then placed at the top and bottom of the block and the whole section was gently lifted ff the bone. It was moved approx 3-4mm laterally before it was pinned in its new position using 2 thin orthopaedic pins (K wires). Dermatophytes also cause other common skin, hair, and nail infections, including athlete's foot and jock itch. Topical antibacterial shampoos, washes, lotions and creams can be used to augment antibiotics and reduce bacterial populations once the infection is controlled.
Multiple antibiotic resistance as seen in MRSA and other species such as Pseudomonas is the most worrying problem.
Small scale studies show that it is uncommon but the strains recovered from dogs and cats appear to be the same as those in people. We remain with only our 2 indoor cats at the moment but the temptation to rescue some dogs is present.Mark as you would know its no coincidence Dotty lived so long and we also wanted to thank you for your expertise since you took over from Steven Henry. I would visit local hospitals to see the brand new and hugely expensive cardiac ultrasound machines in action, and have a chat to the human cardiologists. As a precaution, we gave an IV injection of a diuretic to try and shift some of the bloody fluids inside her lungs. We flushed the abdomen with sterile saline several ties, and placed more antibiotics inside. On shaving the area very closely, we found 2 tiny snake bite marks surrounded by some bruising.
This was due to the snake toxin damaging red blood cells and causing them to leak their contents into the blood stream.
Once it slips through, the intestine twists around on itself and cuts its own blood supply off.
At stitches out 10 days post-op, he was bouncing up our stairs eager to get his special treat before having his stitches removed.
There was also a smaller soft mobile lump just in front of the bigger one, which on examination of a needle biopsy turned out to be fatty in content (lipoma). We opened up the skin wound on his chest to find a large hole looking straight in at his lungs and beating heart. The incision was closed using a soluble suture in an inverting continuos pattern (Connell Cushing). In other words, the whole patella apparatus was out of alignment with a natural tendency to pull the patella out of its groove in a medial direction. Superficial and deep pyodermas, however, are often secondary to an underlying skin disease or immunosuppressive condition that may have a significant impact on the dog’s health. A veterinary surgeon will be able to advise which products would be most suitable for individual cases. Funding is being sought for large scale epidemiological studies to determine the carriage rate in healthy pets. These days, I can sit down with a toastie and a glass of wine at home, and log onto a live online seminar beaming in from the USA- incredible! Heartworm had just started to appear in Sydney with almost 45% of un-protected dogs contracting the disease. An incision was made in the stomach wall around the attachment’s base and the hole that was left was closed using a double layer of inverting dissolving Monosyn 3-0 sutures. This is very painful, and it is not long before the intestine dies and leaks all the food and bacteria it contains into the abdomen causing sudden death.
One of the nurses did his breathing for him by filling and gently squeezing his breathing bag on the anesthetic machine in time with his own breathing. The area was washed in sterile saline several times then a soluble antibiotic (Cephalexin) was applied to the area. Daily preventative tablets were the first products on the market, but had a 25% overall failure rate.
The incision was covered by omentum (fatty tissue in the abdomen), which provided an extra seal to the wound.



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