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admin | Herbal Remedies For Bv | 30.01.2015
Skin problems are common in dogs and cats, and are one of the most frequent reasons that owners bring their pets to the veterinarian. Food allergy: Animals with food allergy can show very similar signs as pets with pollen allergies, but the itching is not seasonal and animals can develop a food allergy at any time in their life—even if they have been eating the same food all along! Fleas: Fleas cause itching and hair loss due to the irritation caused by their bites, secondary bacterial infections, or to a flea bite allergy.
Scabies infection, a very itchy and contagious to other dogs, may cause hair loss and a crust to form on their ears and elbows. Cheyletiella mites cause itchy skin and dry scaling on the back, and can infect dogs, cats, people, and rabbits.
Although the main reason for a pet’s itchy skin may be allergies or parasites, they often get secondary bacterial or yeast infections which can keep the itch going even if the underlying cause is treated. In summary, although there are numerous causes of itching in pets, through appropriate diagnostics and treatments, or by referral of tough cases to a specialized veterinary dermatologist, your veterinarian can help your pet become a happier and more comfortable part of your family. Incessant scratching, shedding and inflammation are just a few of the signs that your dog is suffering from skin problems. Bacterial folliculitis, caused by Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, is the most common bacterial skin infection in canines, according to the Animal Hospital of Montgomery in Montgomery, Alabama. Dogs can carry strains of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, although infections are rare in animals compared to humans. Constant scratching or licking is your first clue that your dog is suffering from skin discomfort.
Your vet may test your pet for allergies, parasites and other pathogens to find the underlying cause of the infection. Treating bacterial infections often requires a course of antibiotics as well as treatment for the underlying cause, if there is one. There are many different skin disorders that can cause your dog to have red, itchy or irritated skin. Bacterial Skin Infections are due to the presence and growth of microorganisms that damage host tissue. It is a bacterial infection of the deeper layers of the skin, the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue.
The skin becomes red, swollen and you can see a clear border between normal and infected skin.
A bacterial skin infection that occurs in areas where skin touches skin, like between toes, in armpits, or groin. If you have a fungal infection that isn’t getting cured with an anti-fungal treatment, it could be erythrasma.
A bacterial infection of certain sweat glands found in the armpits, groin, buttocks, scalp, and under the female breast. Your doctor would first examine the infected site to ensure that it has not caused any complications further.
Allergy testing can be performed with blood tests or skin tests (like scratch testing in people).
This mite is more common in puppies and immunosuppressed animals, and is not contagious to other pets or to people. Scabies mites can be very difficult to find, and often we will trial-treat for scabies based on the dog’s symptoms and appearance, even if we cannot find mites on the skin scrapes. They can also be difficult to find on skin scrapings, and so trial treatment for cheyletiella is warranted if symptoms are consistent with infection.
There's a good chance that your dog's infection is the result of another underlying condition, such as parasites or allergies.

This disease is characterized by inflamed hair follicles, which can lead to visible pustules beneath the skin, as well as redness and swelling. Laboratory tests will reveal the presence of resistant bacteria, so your vet can determine if there's a risk to you or your family.
Excessive itching only makes matters worse, because the damage opens the way for further infection and delays healing. They are firm to the touch and are usually found on the limbs or paws, according to Stone Ridge Veterinary Hospital in Rochester, New York. He can examine a scraping to identify ringworm, mites or other common health issues that may be present.
Most surface infections can be managed with regular application of antibacterial shampoo or spray. In these cases, treatment may be re-evaluated or extended by your veterinarian as you deal with the other issues present. The extent of infection is generally determined by the number of organisms and the toxins they release.
It is better to check the ears daily for infection, swelling and discharge of fluid to assure that the pierced ears are in good condition. Fortunately, we can break most of the causes down into a few categories: allergies, skin parasites, and skin infections.
Blood allergy testing is more convenient and can be performed by most veterinarians, but may be less accurate than skin testing.
All types of mites are diagnosed by microscopic analysis of skin scrapings performed by a veterinarian. Treatment options include weekly prescription antiparasitic dips, or daily oral antiparasitic prescription medications such as ivermectin or milbemycin.
Treatment options for scabies mange include weekly prescription insecticidal dips for 4-6 weeks, or systemic antiparasitic prescription medications such as Revolution, ivermectin or milbemycin given every 1- 2 weeks for 6 weeks. Treatment options are the same as for scabies mites, and all animals in the household have to be treated at the same time, or they will pass the mites back and forth. Yeast infection can cause skin to look thickened and “elephant-like.” Diagnosis is made by the veterinarian with analysis of skin samples under the microscope.
Clinical diagnosis is necessary to determine the type of infection present as well as any other health issues that might make your dog vulnerable to bacteria. Blood and urine tests can reveal internal problems, such as hormonal imbalance or immune deficiency disorders. Deeper or more widespread infections often require medication in the form of pills or injection. Asian countries,[18] United States (including Hawaii), Canada ,[19] and Scotland)[20] due to bacterial resistance.
It is good to wipe off the ears with mild alcohol daily to avoid any infection on the ears. Sometimes the skin has to be peeled away for removing severe infection on the piercing site. Skin allergy testing tests the actual organ that is involved in the allergy (the skin), so is more accurate than blood testing, and is typically performed by veterinary dermatologists. The symptoms of food allergy usually do not improve much with anti-itch medications, and the diagnosis and treatment is to feed the pet a hypoallergenic diet using a protein source that they have never been exposed to before. Cats may also develop small crusts on their skin that are similar in appearance to tiny millet seeds (miliary dermatitis). Skinscrapings are monitored monthly by the veterinarian to determine when it is safe to stop medication, and most dogs are treated for an average of 3-4 months.

With scabies, all dogs in the household must be treated at the same time, even if they are not showing signs yet, because some dogs can carry the mites and have no symptoms.
Skin infections should be treated with a 2-6 week course of appropriate oral antibiotics or antiyeast medication prescribed by a veterinarian.
Pustules often arise from bacterial invasion, as hair follicles and small wounds develop active infections.
They can infect the trunk and limbs, groin ('jock itch'), hands, scalp, nails and feet (athelete's foot). In case of infection, the initial symptom would be foul smell emanating from the infected ears followed by irritation and swelling. When the infection is not treated for long time, it may affect the surrounding tissue and can cause damage to the ear. Once the allergy test results are known, allergic pets can receive allergy shots (just like people!) to desensitize them to the pollen.
Switching to another commercial diet usually does not help, because most of these diets have similar ingredients. Herding breeds such as Collies, Shelties, Aussies, Border Collies and sheepdogs should not receive ivermectin due to risk of lethal toxicity, and all treatments should be prescribed and monitored by a veterinarian. Dogs with scabies may also have secondary bacterial or yeast skin infections which contribute to the itch.
There may be crusty leakage of fluid from the affected part of the ear which is a sign of infection. Although not a cure or a quick-fix, allergy hyposensitization injections help 70-75% of allergic pets to decrease symptoms and need for other medications, and address the cause of the allergies, not just the symptoms.
A better alternative is a hypoallergenic diet with single unique protein ingredients such as fish, rabbit, duck, or venison, with a single carbohydrate such as potato or rice, and no other treats, table scraps, rawhides, milkbones, chewable supplements or other foods for at last 6-8 weeks.
With the availability of the effective veterinary prescription monthly flea treatment products, flea allergy has become easier to treat. Again, herding breeds should not receive ivermectin due to risk of lethal toxicity, and all treatments should be prescribed and monitored by a veterinarian.
Animals that have recurrent infections need to be screened for allergies or hormonal conditions and have the underlying cause identified and treated. He likely will take a culture of the bacteria to determine if it is a resistant strain of staph. A well-recognized pattern is patches with a red and scaly border and clear centre which creates a ring pattern called 'ringworm'.How can fungal infections be diagnosed and treated?Skin scrapings and nail clippings can be taken and sent away for analysis. Treatment of secondary bacterial skin infections and temporary anti-itch medication (steroids) are also often needed while the flea problem is being brought under control. Although fleas are uncommon in the Southwest due to our hot dry climate, pets may be exposed when they travel to California or other flea-endemic areas. If the itchy symptoms have resolved in 6-8 weeks, new food allergens can be added one at a time every 2-3 weeks (ie. If they become uncomfortable or embarrassing then a nail laquer or anti-fungal treatment can be tried.

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