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admin | Prevent Bv | 19.07.2014
Meningitis is the name given to a form of infection of membranes called the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord.
Bacterial meningitis is one of the most common types of meningitis and constitutes approximately 85% of cases of meningitis.
The bacteria responsible to cause Bacterial Meningitis are very commonly found in our surroundings. There are times when Bacterial Meningitis occurs for no specific reason and at other times it occurs after a head trauma or after an infection when the immune system is compromised. It may also occur in adults who have some risk factors for Bacterial Meningitis like individuals abusing alcohol, prone to chronic nose and ear infections, have experienced a head trauma or have suffered from a bout of pneumococcal pneumonia. It is imperative for a person who experiences signs and symptoms of Bacterial Meningitis to contact a medical provider.
Generally, Bacterial Meningitis is not contagious but it is encouraged that anyone who has been in close contact with an infected individual to seek preventative treatment. The symptoms of viral meningitis are similar to those for bacterial meningitis, which can be fatal.
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus is the expansion of MRSA infection, which is caused by bacteria belonging to the group of Staphylococcus. 8)    Interactive Medical Media LLC, Fitzpatrick's Color Atlas & Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology, Dr. Coagulase-negative staphylococci are also frequently isolated, and may be mistakenly dismissed as contaminants.
A normal functioning brain helps us do our daily routine work, helps us to think, and do things in a proper fashion. An intravenous antibiotic with corticosteroid to calm down the inflammation may be given even prior to the results of all the tests conducted on the individual.
The most common and worrisome cause of this is an infection within the cerebrospinal fluid (the fluid enclosed by the meninges) from a virus or bacteria.
In newborns and infants, the classic symptoms (fever, headache, and neck stiffness) may be absent or difficult to notice.
Now, as a result of the protection offered by current childhood vaccines, bacterial meningitis is more commonly diagnosed among pre-teens and young adults. As a result, college students living in dormitories, military personnel and children in childcare facilities are at an increased risk. Dairy farmers, ranchers, and other people who work with domestic animals are at an increased risk of contracting listeriosis. Enteroviruses can also be spread through respiratory secretions (saliva, sputum, or nasal mucus) of an infected person.
If meningitis is suspected, samples of blood or cerebrospinal fluid are collected using a simple lumbar puncture, and sent to the laboratory for testing. Growing the bacteria in the laboratory is important for confirming the presence of bacteria and for identifying the specific type of bacteria that is causing the infection.
Antibiotics do not help viral infections, so they are not useful in the treatment of viral meningitis. Bacteria called staphylococcus and streptococcus are responsible for this type of infection. When the individual gets painful pus on the skin or tissue, one should not delay in visiting the doctor.
It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. One cannot imagine living a life without an appropriately functioning brain but there are unfortunate cases where the brain starts functioning abnormally as a result of infections.
Meningitis can be acute with rapid onset of symptoms, chronic which lasts for a few months, or mild. This infection can result in swelling of the tissues around the brain hence interfering with appropriate blood flow and may result in paralysis or stroke.
In instances where someone has undergone a brain or a spinal surgery may put that person at higher risk of getting bacterial meningitis. In some instances, there may be swelling of the head due to fluid buildup around the skull.


Bacterial meningitis can be cured successfully if diagnosed and treated early but if allowed to progress it may cause permanent damage in the form of seizures, mental impairment, and paralysis which might be life-long. Instead the infant may appear to be slow or inactive, irritable, vomiting or feeding poorly. Sometimes the bacteria that cause meningitis have spread to other people who have had close or prolonged contact with a patient with meningitis caused by N.
Other viruses, such as mumps and varicella-zoster virus, may also be spread through direct or indirect contact with saliva, sputum, or mucus of an infected person.
It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis because the severity of illness and the treatment will differ depending on the cause.
If bacterial meningitis is suspected, initial treatment with ceftriaxone and vancomycin is recommended. The length of treatment depends on the status of the immune system and the type of fungus that caused the infection.
It appears like pus, boils in the hair follicles of the skin and in the form of large abscesses with heavy discharge of pus. The course of antibiotic drugs has to be completed in full to destroy the bacterial growth. Some types cause warts and are usually harmless, but others may lead to cervical or anal cancer.
It is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your pet’s health.
One such infection is Bacterial Meningitis in which there is swelling of tissues around the brain as a result of a bacterial infection, which can be a potentially life-threatening condition and needs immediate medical attention. Immediate medical attention needs to be sought if an individual experiences signs or symptoms of meningitis.
Bacterial meningitis can be fulminant, meaning, the infection can escalate within a few hours to rapidly become life threatening. In young children, doctors also look at the child’s reflexes, which can also be a sign of meningitis. Contact with an infected person may increase your chance of becoming infected with the virus that made them sick; however you will have a small chance of developing meningitis as a complication of the illness.
People with certain medical conditions like diabetes, cancer, or HIV are at higher risk of fungal meningitis. In the case of bacterial meningitis, for example, antibiotics can help prevent severe illness and reduce the spread of infection from person to person. Appropriate antibiotic treatment of the most common types of bacterial meningitis should reduce the risk of dying from meningitis to below 15%, although the risk is higher among the elderly. A hospital stay may be necessary in more severe cases or for people with weak immune systems. For people with immune systems that do not function well because of other conditions, like AIDS, diabetes, or cancer, longer treatment is needed. It can also affect eyelids causing infection known as sty and impetigo which is infection caused in skin or underlying tissue. In case you discontinue the medicines, the bacteria might survive to cause further infection.
Never ignore professional veterinary advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. In this article, we will discuss about various causes of Bacterial Meningitis and how an individual, who unfortunately has this disease, should go about getting treated.
You may also get fungal meningitis after taking medications that suppress your immune system. The blisters begin as tiny red bumps with itching sensation and later on develop into infectious pus. There are chronic forms of meningeal infection that are not as immediately dangerous but that still require evaluation and treatment. Examples of these medications include steroids (such as prednisone), medications given after organ transplantation, or anti-TNF medications, which are sometimes given for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune conditions.
The infection is contagious and there is every chance for the patient to spread the infection to others by sharing of towels and bath-soaps etc.


The term comes from the shape of the tiny parasites, which look very different from head or body lice.
ScabiesScabies is an itchy infestation caused by a tiny mite that burrows into human skin to lay eggs. The Clap (Gonorrhea)Gonorrhea spreads easily and can lead to infertility in both men and women, if untreated.
Later there may be a rash on the soles, palms, or other parts of the body (seen here), as well as swollen glands, fever, hair loss, or fatigue. In the late stage, symptoms come from damage to organs such as the heart, brain, liver, nerves, and eyes.
This virus is usually not an STD; it spreads easily among household members or through kissing. But it can be spread to the genitals through oral or genital contact with an infected person.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2Most cases of genital herpes are caused by a virus called HSV-2. It's highly contagious and can spread through intercourse or direct contact with a herpes sore. People can be infected through sex, needle sharing, and at birth, as well as by sharing razors and toothbrushes. One limitation is the "window period" of up to six months after exposure to HIV when these antibody tests sometimes do not find the virus. People take a combination of antiviral drugs in hopes of preventing the infection from advancing to AIDS. Additional treatments can help prevent or fight off serious infections, if the immune system has weakened. ChancroidChanchroid is a bacterial STD that is common in Africa and Asia but rare in the U.S. LGV (Lymphogranuloma Venereum)LGV is caused by a type of chlamydia that is usually rare in the U.S.
Pelvic Inflammatory DiseaseNot an STD itself, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious complication of untreated STDs, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea. Who's at Risk for STDs?Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for an STD, regardless of gender, race, social class, or sexual orientation. The CDC has noted that some STDs are on the rise in men who have sex with men, including syphilis and LGV. Many STDs spread through any type of sexual activity, including skin-to-skin contact and oral sex. Preventing STDsThe best ways to avoid getting an STD are to abstain from any sexual contact and be in a monogamous, long-term relationship with an uninfected partner. These infections can spread through contact with skin lesions that are not covered by a condom. How to Tell Your PartnerIf you think you have an STD, tell your partner(s) as soon as possible. You may be able to spread the infection even if you have already begun treatment or are using condoms. Many STDs can be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or after the baby is born.
STDs' effects on babies can include stillbirth, low birth weight, neurologic problems, blindness, liver disease, and serious infection. Treatment during pregnancy can cure some STDs and lower the risk of passing the infection to your baby.  Can STDs Come Back?Most STD treatments do not protect you from getting the same infection again. A course of drugs may cure gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia or trichomoniasis, but a new exposure can start a new infection. And if you're not taking the right precautions to protect yourself, you can be re-infected quickly or even pick up a second STD.



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