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admin | Herbal Remedies For Bv | 31.03.2015
IntroductionUrinary tract infections (UTIs) are fairly common, but not usually serious, and can be effectively treated with antibiotics. Upper UTIs are potentially more serious because there is a chance they could lead to long-term problems such as kidney scarring and high blood pressure (hypertension). It can be difficult to tell whether a child has a UTI, because the symptoms can be vague and young children cannot easily communicate how they feel.
If you think your child is unwell and could have a UTI, contact your GP as soon as possible. Your GP should be able to diagnose your child with a UTI by asking about their symptoms, examining them and arranging for a sample of their urine to be tested for signs of an infection.
Most UTIs in children are caused by bacteria from the digestive system entering the urethra. There are many ways this can happen, but it often occurs when a child wipes their bottom, and soiled toilet paper comes into contact with their genitals. There is often no obvious reason why some children develop UTIs and others do not, although it can sometimes occur due to a problem affecting the flow of urine through the urinary system.
They are more common in boys up to the age of six months old, but after this tend to be more common in girls.
If your child has a problem in their urinary tract that increases their risk of UTIs, such as faulty valves that allow urine to flow the wrong way, they may be prescribed low-dose antibiotics as a long-term measure to prevent further infections.
CausesMost urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children are caused by bacteria that normally live in the digestive system getting into the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body). In young children, bacteria can enter the urethra when they wipe their bottom after going to the toilet, and soiled toilet paper comes into contact with their genitals. This is more of a problem for girls than boys, because girls' bottoms are much nearer the urethra. Babies who soil their nappies can also sometimes get small particles of stool into their urethra, particularly if they squirm a lot when being changed.
However, some children may be more vulnerable to UTIs due to a problem with bladder emptying. DiagnosisIf your child has symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI), a sample of their urine will be tested. Your GP may also carry out a physical examination of your child and ask if they have a history of bladder or kidney problems. This will help your GP identify what is causing the infection and determine whether it is in the lower or upper part of the urinary tract.
You may be asked to collect the urine sample yourself, or a doctor or nurse at your GP surgery may help you. Collecting a urine sample from a child can sometimes be difficult, especially in babies and young children.
In young children who are toilet trained, you will usually be asked to collect a urine sample using a sterile bottle provided by your GP surgery.
If you are unable to collect a clean sample, it may be collected using a special absorbent pad that you put in your baby's nappy.
If a urine sample is very difficult to collect at home or in a GP surgery, you may need to go to a hospital. In many cases, treatment will start soon after a urine sample has been taken, and your child will not need to have any further tests. In these cases, doctors may recommend carrying out some scans to look for any abnormalities. TreatmentMost urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children can be effectively treated with antibiotic medication. This medication can often be given at home, although there are some situations where it may be necessary for your child to stay in hospital for a few days. If necessary, paracetamol can also be used to treat any fever or discomfort your child has.
If your child is less than three months old, or it is thought that their condition could get worse, they will be referred to hospital for treatment. In these cases, your child will usually need to stay in hospital for a few days to receive antibiotics directly into a vein (intravenous antibiotics).
PreventionIt isn't possible to prevent all childhood urinary tract infections (UTIs), but there are some things you can do to reduce the risk of your child getting one. Tell your GP of any symptoms as soon as possible, so a diagnosis can be confirmed and treatment can begin.
The information on this page has been adapted by NHS Wales from original content supplied by NHS Choices. A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection that can happen anywhere along the urinary tract. Before knowing more information about the symptoms, causes and risk factors of UTI you need to understand about its organs.
Kidneys (2 in no.) are the vital organs that eliminate wastes and other toxic substances from the body.
Ureters are long narrow tubing measuring 10-12 inches in length which delivers the urine collected from the kidney to the bladder. Bacteria always live in our body and the infection starts only if bad bacteria multiplies more in number than good bacteria.
Women who are sexually active and have multiple sex partners are at high risk of developing UTI. People living with certain complicated conditions like spinal cord injury and suppressed immune systems (like undergoing chemo or radiation therapy for cancer) are at risk of getting UTI.
Women using diaphragm for birth control are more likely to develop this infection than others. Men whose urethra is longer and those with enlarged prostate are at increased risk of getting UTI. Young children who are not toilet trained properly and infants can also develop urinary tract infection.

Based on the symptoms, your doctor may order for urine analysis to check for the presence of abnormal white blood cells or bacteria in it. For people with frequent UTI infection, doctor would prescribe antibiotics (of low strength) for months together.
If you are having infections take plenty of fluids to dilute the urine which can help in controlling burning sensation.
About cystitis Cystitis, also known as a lower urinary tract infection, usually only affects your bladder.
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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur anywhere in the bladder, kidney, ureters, or urethra.
UTIs are usually caused by Escherichia coli (E.Coli) - bacteria that reside in the bowels and anus - which migrate to the opening of the urethra, resulting from sexual relations or poor hygiene, and travel upwards internally. Symptoms of cystitis may include frequent urination, pain or burning during urination (dysuria), cloudy, foul-smelling or bloody urine, lower abdominal pain, and occasionally a mild fever. Conventional medical treatment is usually to prescribe antibiotics for 3-14 days, depending on the severity of the infection. Among "alternative," integrative treatments, a well-known aid in preventing UTIs in women is drinking unsweetened cranberry juice, which seems to have the effect of reducing the bacteria's adhesion to bladder cells. Homeopathy treats the whole person, not just the presenting symptoms or disease, so the selection of remedy is based on a multitude of factors, including of course those specific to the acute syndrome. Homeopathic remedies that are used to treat UTIs include Apis mellifica, Apocynum cannabinum, Berberis vulgaris, Digitalis purpurea, Equisetum hyemale, Mercurius corrosives, and Pareira brava.
Experience deep healing for your mental and physical complaints in a gentle, permanent and non-invasive way. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the NHS Direct Wales website. It comprises the kidneys, and stretches out to the ureters (the tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder), down to the bladder, and finally the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body).
If your child is less than three months old, your GP may refer you straight to hospital to see a paediatrician (a specialist in caring for children) without asking for a urine sample. If you are not sure what to do or need some help in collecting the urine sample, ask a doctor or nurse for advice. Collect a sample by holding the bottle in the stream of urine while your child is urinating. Common side effects of antibiotics include feeling sick, vomiting, an upset stomach, diarrhoea and a loss of appetite.
However, it is very important they finish the whole prescribed course of antibiotics to prevent the infection recurring.
However, doctors may recommend carrying out some scans to check for any problems in your child's urinary tract that could have contributed to the infection. However, recent high-quality research into these claims found little evidence to suggest cranberries do have a significant impact on your chances of developing a UTI.
If your child has previously had a UTI, it is important that both of you watch for the return of any associated symptoms. Urinary tract infections have different names, depending on what part of the urinary tract is infected. Infection can occur in any part of the urinary tract and more women than men are prone to develop UTI.
Moderate form of UTI may show symptoms like persistent urge to pass urine, burning pain while urinating and passing urine frequently in small amounts. If kidneys are infected it can cause symptoms including high fever, nausea, vomiting, upper back pain and chills.
Our body is tuned to fight back against bad bacteria but sometimes immunity may get weak due to illness and other factors. For people with recurrent UTI the doctor may insist on checking the tract with CT assisted scan or MRI scan.
Your urinary tract consists of your kidneys, two ureters (the tubes that connect each kidney to your bladder), your bladder and your urethra.
People at increased risk include very sexually active women, pregnant women, people with compromised immune systems, and men with enlarged prostate glands. The nature of the urine and location of pain are important considerations, but so too are overall constitutional attributes.
If urine is left in the bladder, it can allow bacteria to grow and an infection to develop. It may cause burning sensation while urinating and one may often have urge to pass urine frequently.
If bladder gets infected it might cause symptoms like pain in the lower abdomen, frequent urge to pass urine and pain due to pelvic pressure. The entire volumes of bacteria will not be eliminated in the urine and some of them would invade causing infection of urethra and bladder. Some of the commonly recommended drugs include Azithromycin, Levofloxacin, cephalexin, Trimethoprim, ciprofloxacin and doxycycline. In-patient treatment is needed only for severely infected cases and antibiotics are given through intravenous form for getting quick result.
Sometimes the infection can go higher to your ureters or kidneys – this is known as an upper urinary tract infection and is a more serious illness. So an infection affecting the kidneys (pyelonephritis) usually involves fever and chills, nausea and vomiting, and other strong symptoms - and can become a very serious condition if not treated promptly - whereas an infection involving the bladder (cystitis) or urethra (urethritis) generally has milder symptoms. They are substantially more common in women than men, with approximately 40% of all females experiencing a UTI some time in life versus only 12% of males.
A skilled homeopath will choose a remedy that will lessen the symptoms of a UTI, reduce their frequency, and redress any underlying imbalances so recurrences are less likely. This can lead to infection, most commonly in the bladder itself, which can spread to the kidneys. Most of the time, your body can get rid of these bacteria.

Bacteria are the main cause for UTI and treatment involves strong antibiotics for destroying bacteria.
Kidneys can easily be damaged due to increased blood sugar levels and hypertension (blood pressure).
It ranks 2nd after respiratory tract infection among the various kinds of infection affecting people. Urethritis (infection of urethra) and cystitis (bladder infection) are the two most common type of UTI caused by E.coli bacteria.
Children are also susceptible, though not as much as adults, and such infections can be a serious problem in the young. However, certain conditions increase the risk of having UTIs. Women tend to get them more often because their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus than in men.
But you need to complete the course of medication as suggested by the doctor failing which infection can recur. Because of this, women are more likely to get an infection after sexual activity or when using a diaphragm for birth control.
It can also be triggered by irritation or bruising of your urinary tract caused by sexual intercourse. Around one in three women will have at least one bout of cystitis before they are 24 years old. For a bladder infection with complications such as pregnancy or diabetes, OR a mild kidney infection, you will usually take antibiotics for 7 - 14 days. It is important that you finish all the antibiotics, even if you feel better. Doctors believe it is less common in men because they have longer urethras and bacteria have further to travel to reach the bladder. People who do not finish their antibiotics may develop an infection that is harder to treat. Commonly used antibiotics include trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, Augmentin, doxycycline, and fluoroquinolones. Your doctor will also want to know whether you could be pregnant. Your doctor may also recommend drugs to relieve the burning pain and urgent need to urinate. The urgent need to urinate may cause an uncontrollable loss of urine (urge incontinence), especially in older people.
Symptoms of a bladder infection usually disappear within 24 - 48 hours after treatment begins. However, if they get worse or don’t improve within two to three days, seek advice from your GP. Change the pad each time you use the bathroom. Do not douche or use feminine hygiene sprays or powders. As a general rule, do not use any product containing perfumes in the genital area. Take showers instead of baths. Sexual intercourse can also bruise your urethra and bladder, which can cause similar symptoms to cystitis.
If you’re a man, cystitis generally starts with an infection in your urethra that moves into your prostate, then into your bladder. The most common cause of reoccurring cystitis in men is a bacterial infection of the prostate or passing urine less often because your prostate is enlarged. However, if your symptoms get worse or don’t improve within two to three days, you should see your GP. These contain potassium or sodium citrate, which work by making your urine less acidic and therefore reduce discomfort. Always read the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine and if you have any questions, ask your pharmacist for advice. Check with your GP or pharmacist that these medicines can be taken with any other medication you may be taking. He or she may prescribe you antibiotics to reduce your symptoms and get rid of the infection. If your symptoms don’t clear up, your GP may prescribe you a different antibiotic, such as co-amoxiclav. Your GP will be able to give you further advice if he or she thinks you have interstitial cystitis.
Studies using cranberry juice have been less effective, however, there is no reason why you can’t add cranberry juice to your diet to try and help.
Try not to buy cranberry juice containing lots of sugar, as sugar can encourage bacteria to grow.
Escherichia coli (E.coli), a bacterium that usually lives harmlessly in your bowel, causes around eight out of 10 bouts of cystitis.
Sexual intercourse can also bruise your urethra (the tube that carries urine from your bladder out of your body) and bladder, which can cause similar symptoms to cystitis.
He or she may prescribe you antibiotics that you can keep at home and take immediately after sexual intercourse.
Your GP will advise you about how often to take them depending on what type of antibiotics you’re prescribed. Always read the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine and if you have any questions, ask your GP for advice.
However, it's important to speak to your GP before cutting out any food group from your diet. However, there are many different treatment options available, but you may have to try several before you find one that works for you. Your GP may prescribe you other, stronger anti-inflammatory medicines if you have severe pain.
They can also be used to increase your bladder’s capacity and reduce your need to pass urine frequently.

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