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admin | Get Rid Of Bv | 27.05.2015
Pneumonia is an acute or chronic inflammation of lung tissue, which affects the alveoli and lung structure (lung tissue).
Opportunistic pneumonia : affects people with weakened immune systems (people with AIDS, chemotherapy). The bedridden pneumonia : bedridden patients with heart failure, this form of pneumonia is due to a constant bed rest and poor ventilation of the lungs.
And possibly antipyretics, mucolytics or cough suppressants and inhalations of substances moderately dilating the airways may be useful.
The evolution of the disease is highly dependent on the patient’s general condition and the pathogen.
After recovery from pneumonia, patients often feel even slaughtered for several weeks and tend to have fits of coughing. Copyright © 2012 Rayur, All trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners. When pneumonia is first diagnosed, there often is no way to be sure if the infection is caused by a virus or bacteria. Community acquired pneumonia refers to pneumonia in a person that has not recently stayed in the hospital or a nursing home. Health care associated pneumonia refers to pneumonia that develops in a person that is in the hospital now or has recently been in the hospital or a nursing home.
A type of pneumonia called aspiration pneumonia develops when chemical irritants and bacteria from the mouth or stomach are inhaled into the lungs. In people with compromised immune systems, the organisms that cause pneumonia are different than those seen in the other types of pneumonia. Most types of pneumonia cause fever, cough with sputum (coughed-up mucus), shortness of breath and fatigue.
Your doctor may order blood tests to look for an elevation of infection-fighting white blood cells and to make sure your electrolytes and kidney function are normal. How long pneumonia lasts can vary from a few days to a week or longer, depending on how early you start antibiotics and what other medical problems you may have.
The influenza vaccine, which is given once a year, can prevent both flu and bacterial infections or pneumonia that can follow the flu. In addition to antibiotics, other treatments for pneumonia include rest, adequate fluid, and supplemental oxygen to raise the level of oxygen in the blood. A simple cold or bronchitis caused by a virus can share many of the same symptoms as pneumonia. Also, if you have been diagnosed with a cold or bronchitis and symptoms are getting worse or persist after a week, you should call your doctor's office for another evaluation. Disclaimer: This content should not be considered complete and should not be used in place of a call or visit to a health professional. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Bacterial pneumonia is a medical condition where there is infection in one or both of the lungs.
The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is a Gram-positive bacterium, Streptococcus Pneumoniae. Community acquired pneumonia are those cases which spread by respiratory droplets via sneezing and coughing.
Hospital acquired pneumonia is contracted from exposure to hospitals or other healthcare settings.
Physical exam where the doctor listens to the patient's chest using a stethoscope for abnormal chest sounds such as rales, wheezing etc. Oxygen supplementation is given for aged patients and those who have extreme difficulty in breathing.

MRSA bacteria are creeping into the communities from the nation's hospitals and nursing homes.
MRSA causes relatively minor skin infections that still can be treated effectively with certain antibiotics. When MRSA enters the bloodstream or attacks the lungs as bacterial pneumonia, it becomes dangerous and more often it proves to fatal. Every year, about hundreds and thousands of people in America are admitted to the hospitals because of the above infection.
As per CDC-led study this year , MRSA infections in youths belonging to an age group of three months to 17 years have increased by an average of 10% a year from 2005-2010.
If a person is suffering from bronchopneumonia, the bacteria invade the lungs, and an inflammatory immune response takes place. Bronchopneumonia affects mostly elderly and children, as they have a low resistance to body function and a weak respiratory tract defense. The doctor will diagnose bronchopneumonia auscultation technique and by evaluating the patient breathing with a stethoscope.
Hospitalization is not usually necessary, unless the manifestations are severe or if there are other circumstances that could contribute to complications such as old age or poor health of the patient. If the treatment is followed correctly, the bronchopneumonia will disappear in four to six weeks, although each case varies depending on the severity of the infection, the patient’s age and general health. The best way to prevent bronchopneumonia is frequent hand washing with soap and water, especially after using the bathroom, after coughing, after changing the baby’s diaper or after going through public places. Also equally important is following a healthy and balanced diet based on eating fresh foods. In some cases, especially in children and the elderly, your doctor may recommend vaccination.
The initial choice of drug(s) is made based on the category of pneumonia you most likely have. It is more common in people who have had strokes and have difficulty controlling their swallowing reflexes or people who are unconscious as a result of alcohol or other drug overdose. Samples of your sputum or blood also can be sent to a laboratory to identify the specific cause of your pneumonia. Although it is used mostly to reduce the risk of meningitis and ear infections, it also lowers the risk of pneumonia. A younger or healthier person can be treated safely with antibiotics at home and can feel better in a few days. Pneumonia is possible when your cough produces sputum with a green or brown color, you are having shaking chills or you are having trouble breathing. Rarely, pneumonia causes infected fluid to collect around the outside of the lung, called an empyema.
This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. There is inflammation of the alveoli of the lungs where they become filled with fluid, pus and cellular waste resulting in impaired ability in exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body. Other major gram-positive bacteria which cause pneumonia include staphylococcus aureus and bacillus anthracis. HAP is more difficult to treat than community acquired pneumonia as the bacteria are resistant to antibiotics.
The type of antibiotic used depends on the causative bacterium, geographical region, health and immune status of the patient. The bacteria are hitting healthy people and the figure is much more as compared to the figures released by the government.
However, in some of the cases, the infection even destroys the tissue and causes swelling that may need hospitalization.

Is an acute inflammation of the lungs and bronchioles due to the spread of infection from the lower respiratory tract to the upper respiratory tract.
Among the bacteria that cause this condition, we can find Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
In some cases it may be necessary to realize, to confirm the diagnosis, these tests: chest radiography, complete blood count, measurement of blood gases to see if enough oxygen in the blood reaches the lungs or sputum culture and there is fluid in the space surrounding the lungs. Therefore, it is necessary to treat with antibiotics such as amoxicillin or erythromycin or other macrolide antibiotics administered orally and pay attention during the recovery.
Patients will notice improvement of symptoms in three to four days after treatment, but must follow the exact recommendations of the doctor and treatment until the end. Quitting smoking will help reduce the risk of contracting pneumonia as well as leisure compliance program that will maintain strong immune system. The two major categories are community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and health care associated pneumonia (HCAP). He or she also will look for confusion and a purplish hue in your lips, fingernails or hands because these symptoms can indicate that you have low levels of oxygen in your blood. Identifying the infectious organism can help your doctor to choose the best antibiotic to treat the infection.
Many people find that it takes a few weeks to several weeks to regain the level of energy they had before the pneumonia. Some people are at higher risk of complications and may need to be hospitalized for two days to a week. The very old and frail, especially those with many other medical conditions, are most vulnerable.
Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia include shortness of breath, pain when taking a breath and chest pain.
Some of the antibiotics commonly used are amoxicillin, clarithromycin, azithromycin and fluoroquinolones.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the CDC reported 80,000 `invasive' cases in 2011, but there were over 450,000 hospitalizations that year that involved MRSA diagnosis. Unlike pneumonia, bronchopneumonia may require different treatment, and different medical attention. Along with the antibiotics prescribed by a physician, patients should drink plenty of fluids to smooth secretions and facilitate their removal. Also hospitalized patients are often weakened by other illnesses and are less able to fight off the infection. Using a stethoscope, a health care professional can listen through your back for abnormal sounds from the lungs.
However, even when no organism can be identified, the pneumonia still can be treated successfully with antibiotics.
They include people who are older than 60 or have other diseases such as heart failure, active cancer, chronic kidney disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
With aspiration pneumonia, the affected lung may develop a lung abscess that needs many weeks of antibiotic therapy. The severity of the disease depends on the type of bacteria that caused the infection or disease, and the overall health of the person affected.
They are recommended for people 65 and older and for people ages 19 to 64 at higher than average risk of developing serious pneumonia. The severity of the infection depends on the bacterium, patient's health, age and immunity.

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