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25.07.2014, admin
Koi ponds come in many sizes and shapes, and we can provide a solution to any problem you may be having in your pond. Koi ponds come in many shapes and sizes, from the relatively modest sized pond that may hold a mixed collection of koi carp and Goldfish, through to ponds of many thousands of gallons, stocked only with top quality Japanese Koi. However, whilst you may have some success in ponds like this, there is no doubt that the koi will not achieve their full potential. A Koi pond needs to provide clean, well oxygenated water in order to produce a healthy environment for fish to live and grow. In addition to helping create a more stable environment, a good depth helps to exercise your Koi.
As well as considering the size of the pond, it is worth spending a little time considering the shape and construction method.
A cheaper alternative and probably the most commonly used method of building Koi and Gold fish ponds is to use a good quality rubber pond liner similar to the liner pictured above.To calculate the size of liner required, measure the longest distance across the pond and add twice the maximum depth to obtain the length. Biological filtration is the next step, a biological filter utilises bacteria to break down the ammonia produced as a by-product of the fishes' metabolism. Please remember that it takes a minimum of five to six weeks for the bacteria in the filter to build up. There are many makes of commercial biological filters on the market that will keep good healthy water for your Koi.
The filter system needs to be powered by a good quality pump capable of circulating the total volume of pond water through the filter in around one to two hours. Oxygen will also be added by water splashing into the pond on its' return from the filter and waterfalls are especially effective in this respect. Last but certainly not least, every koi keeper should have test kits for Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate and Ph. First steps to take if a problem is detected are to carry out a water change to dilute the waste (usually no more than 50% maximum to avoid shock to the fish) and stop feeding to avoid adding more waste. Bakki shower filtration is a fairly new approach to pond filtration here in the United States, yet it has enjoyed some popularity in Japan and the UK for some time now. The Bakki shower filter system was invented and patented by Momotaro Koi Farm (MTK) in Japan; and inspired by the natural filtering qualities of natural waterfalls. If you are looking for powerhouse filtration then Bakki Shower filters are some of the best on the global market right now. The LOVEYOURPOND Blog is written by Mike Gannon of Full Service Aquatics located in Summit, NJ.
Eventually, the rate of ammonia level build-up in a new pond will lessen as biological filtration works, but another toxic element will be taking over as this occurs. Take out all fallen branches, leaves, decaying plants or dead fish which often lead to more ammonia development. One technique to help the pond restore is (if possible) to make your pond deeper so the concentration of ammonia in the water is smaller. Koi Clubs USA suggests adding a salt water mixture should help break down ammonia and nitrates. A regular test for ammonia and nitrate ranges is suggested, while this frequency may be lessened if the pond has aged enough and steady readings are by now being taken routinely.
Many Koi keepers started their interest by introducing a few Koi carp into a small, pre-formed plastic pond to provide a colourful addition to their Goldfish. There are several drawbacks to koi keeping in small ponds: the water temperature and chemical composition are prone to sudden changes, the size of the Koi is limited by the build up of waste in the water and the shape of the Koi is likely to be affected by limited swimming area and a lack of depth. A hot day can send the temperature soaring in a small pond, whilst a cold night can see it plummet. Swimming up and down helps develop the muscles and maintain a good streamlined, cigar shape to their body. Ponds with simple shapes and flowing curves allow a good circulation of water and avoid dead spots.
Koi produce large amounts of solid waste, so your ponds' filter system must have good mechanical filtration to remove solids from the water.
The bacteria live on the surfaces of the filter media and break down the Ammonia excreted by your fish.
During this period, only a few fish should be introduced and the amount of food kept to a minimum. As with the size of the pond itself, bigger is usually better and cheaper than buying another filter at a later stage. This rate of turnover should allow the ammonia produced to be broken down at the same rate it is produced.


However, bear in mind if building a large waterfall the possible nuisance from the noise at night and also put in a system to bypass it in the winter.
Bakki showers would seem comparable, in concept, to the familiar “trickle” type filters that are well known in the pond and aquarium industry; but there are differences. Bakki showers have gained great popularity in Japan and Asia with growing interest in the UK and even the US. Don’t let the international koi community know you heard it here please; but, the REAL beauty of the bakki filter system is not the actual structure, you know those stainless steel deep trays. If you are looking to purchase a genuine Bakki Shower filter by Momotaro there are dealers in the UK and Japan. Every time fish digest their food, they emit a waste product known as ammonia through their gill tissue and their kidney. Ammonia is transformed by the nitrosomonas bacteria into nitrites that are also dangerous to the fish, but less lethal as ammonia.
Having accepted that there are problems with very small shallow ponds we can now take a look at the requirements for purpose built Koi ponds. Koi that have been kept in shallow ponds typically develop a somewhat obese rugby ball shape. Construction in concrete blocks, with a rendered surface and finished in fibre glass allow for the rounding off of corners in a rectangular pond and sloping of the pond base towards the bottom drains. The mechanical filter can be in the form of nylon brushes, plastic media or a vortex that slowly spins the water and allows larger, heavier particles to settle out. To be blunt your lovely Koi pond is just a giant toilet bowl for your Koi .Unless the Biological filter breaks down the waste produced, your Koi will succumb to illness or be poisoned by the waste.
Remember to buy a filter that will cope with the expected size of your fish in a few years.
When choosing a pond pump remember to look at the amount of electricity consumed, this is an important factor when the pump will be running twenty four hours a day.
A good quality air pump such as those made by Secoh or Evolution Aqua can power several air stones even at five or six feet depth.
Regular testing will ensure potential problems can be detected before they affect your fish.
Common problems include: overfeeding, too many fish and stocking the pond too quickly whilst the filter is still maturing. Some of the benefits of the bakki shower system are greatly reduced maintenance; claims of “maintenance free” are slightly overstated (everything requires maintenance). The biggest is cost; the bakki shower filter systems from Momotaro are expensive, which has led to many DIY inquiries over the internet.
The REAL beauty of the Bakki filters function is from what type of media you use and the Momotaro Bakki Filters come with a very special, very awesome, filter media called Bacteria house Filter Media. If you are hoping to create your own “DIY” shower filter there is all sorts of online discussions and “how-to” for you; but always be careful with whom you take your advice from.
Always “In The Pursuit Of All Things Aquatic” Mike has been a lifelong hobbyist and providing professional services since 1995. Ammonia may accumulate in ponds when there is too much food, organic particles, and decay of dead fish tissues.
The larger the pond the better it will be, an example of this is the pond picture to the left, many Koi keepers have found that what appears to be a massive pond, soon looks too small for their growing collection of fish. So for a pond of 8 feet x 6 feet x 4 feet deep the liner would need to be 8 + (2 x 4) + 1 = 17 feet long and 6 + (2 x 4) + 1 = 15 feet wide.
The mechanical filter must be easy to clean and if it is fed from a bottom drain must have a valve to shut it off from the pond for regular cleaning. Ammonia is broken down firstly to Nitrite and then to Nitrate, which is relatively harmless to Koi and other pond fish. Water can be fed into the filter system either by a pump or by a drain in the bottom of the pond. A Koi pond biological filter is the vital life support system that will keep your fish alive.
Your biological filter will break down Ammonia but there are many other by products of the fishes' metabolism that will gradually build up unless water changes are carried out. Sometimes purchase of a cheap pump can prove to be false economy if the running costs are much higher than a more expensive model. It is a good idea to place a few air stones (Pictured below) directly in the filter system to provide oxygen for the filter bacteria as well as in the pond itself. There is less need to worry about the oxygen level in the winter as cold water holds far more oxygen than warm water and your fish will be less active and require less oxygen.


The trays are filled with filter media and have the water delivered on top, trickling down through the filter media, and then discharged from the bottom of the tray. Bakkis offer higher levels of biological filtration, higher levels of oxygen to purify the water, great mechanical filtration for excellent water clarity. They are very large filters which can make them hard to hide if you don’t enjoy seeing the filter system on your pond; however they can be somewhat decorated by growing some plants in the trays to soften the look and maybe even add minor filtration benefits.
Bacteria house filter media was developed by MTK in Japan, who had won “Best Filtration Media in the World” award (yes, such an award exists…I know, I know). No matter how you build it or buy it, remember the REAL beauty is what you cannot see at the microbial level while beneficial bacteria come alive on the Bacteria House filter media! Mike is the creator of The Pond Hunter video series seen on Youtube and has made several television appearances on Networks such as HGTV and the DIY Network.
Many people find they end up building two, three or more Koi ponds before finally arriving at the perfect set up.
Care should be taken to make sure the type of final gel coat used with the fibre glass will completely cure and not leach styrene into the water with potentially fatal results for your Koi. When fitting the liner, care should be taken to pleat and fold the corners carefully to minimise the chances of debris becoming trapped. Most modern Koi ponds use a bottom drain and this has the considerable advantage of delivering solid waste to the filter system in an intact state, where it can be more easily settled and removed from the pond. It is far better to spend your money on a good filter system even at the expense of not being able to buy many Koi to start with. In this respect the Sequence pond pumps have proven to be a favourite of Koi keepers for many years. The discharge into the pond looks like it is leaving a large shower head.  The amount of trays used depends on the size pond you are filtering. The bakki showers are “stand alone” filter systems for ponds that help increase koi growth and appetites.Have A Question For Mike? They are “loud”; depending on how exactly you choose to discharge the water back into your pond will dictate how loud they are, but compared to most other types of filtering methods the Bakki will be up there in the decibel factor. The filter media was originally intended to be used with waste water filtration and like so many things in the pond industry we, very smartly, use those developments to our benefit in creating high water quality in our koi ponds and water gardens. He also hosts the Pond Hunter Radio Broadcast, a show on everything aquatic, every other Wednesday at 8pm EST.
While it is tempting to economise, it is well worth bearing in mind that building a good size pond in the first place is cheaper than building a succession of Koi ponds.
But Koi carp have been progressively interbred over many years to develop their colours and like most pedigree animals are relatively delicate. There are a number of specialist fibre glass firms that will undertake this work and a firm that has experience of building Koi ponds will ensure the correct finish is used.
A good gravity fed filter system will incorporate a drain for easy flushing to waste and this can be used to carry out regular water changes. This is called a gravity fed filter system and unless there is some particular reason why one cannot be installed, we recommend this as the best method of filtering Koi ponds. The Bacteria House filter media was refined several times into what is now available to us pond keepers is an awesome material. For this reason they may develop health problems in conditions where Goldfish are living quite happily. The trays can be stacked on over the other about 4 high treating about 2000 gallons of pond water.
Also, if the ammonia levels in a pond are excessive, fish simply cannot excrete ammonia through against this harsh environment. The stability of the water temperature is also greatly affected by the ratio of surface area to volume.
It is made from super heated ceramic that allows for massive colonization of beneficial bacteria faster than other media. The larger the area in relation to the depth the greater the affect of sudden changes in air temperature, if you have two ponds with the same volume but one is deeper than the other it will be less affected by temperature fluctuations. So the REAL beauty is in those wonderful beads of Bacteria house filter media, which can be used in many other filtering devices; but you did not hear that here.



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