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18.02.2015, admin
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Tangerine essential oil is derived from citrus fruits and gets extracted through cold compression method. Normal, healthy vaginal discharge varies in amount, consistency, color and odor, depending on many factors. The state of a woman's vaginal discharge often has consequences to physical and emotional health. Genital infections are one of the most common reasons for women of all age groups to present to a medical practioner. Normal Vaginal Ecosystem Characteristics : A dynamic equilibrium exist between the intact stratified epithilium, normal colonizing microorganisms, and local secretory ( hormonal) and cellular immune factors. Physiological discharge it occurs in response to hormonal levels during the menstrual cycle. Pathological discharge Vaginal discharge is the most common gynaecologic condition encountered by physicians in the office.
BV linked to: premature rupture of membranes, premature delivery and low birth-weight delivery(Women with such history should have a vaginal swab performed in the 1 st trimester and if BV detected, it should be actively treated in the early 2 nd trimester of pregnancy. 4.5 (more alkaline) *Fishy odor with KOH(10%) *Clue cells on wet prep( >20% per HPF of "clue cells", clue cells are epithelial cells which are covered with bacteria). Clue cell on wet prep Clue cells are epithelial cells covered with bacteria giving the cell a “ furlike ” appearance or stippled appearance. The vaginal discharge of patients with BV has a characteristic fishy odor due to increased activity of anaerobic species. TRICHOMONIASIS Etiologic agent *Trichomonas vaginalis – a single cell flagellated protozoan.
DIAGNOSIS * Copious, yellow-green or gray frothy discharge, adherent to vaginal walls, with foul odor.
Management : CDC, 1998 Both partners should be treated and both should be screened for other STDS. VULVOVAGINAL CANDIDIASIS vulvovaginal candidiasis," "candidal vaginitis," "monilial infection," or "vaginal yeast infection”.
Recurrent vaginal candidiasis * Some women have four or more attacks per year or a positive microscopy of moderate to heavy growth of C.albicans. In such cases the principle of treatment would be an induction regimen to treat acute infection followed by a maintenance regimen to treat futher recurrences.
Prevention ? Treatments should not be taken unless the woman had been diagnosed ? Douching should be avoided because it may disturb the balance of organisms in the vagina and may spread them higher into the reproductive system.
15 ?? ??? 1392 – ????? ????? vaginitis Vaginitis is the general term for disorders of the vagina caused by infection, inflammation, or changes in the.
When the bad bacteria outnumber the good bacteria then the balance of bacteria inside the vagina is disturbed and BV infection or bacterial vaginosis occurs.
Normal vaginal mucus is slightly acidic and is comprised mostly of water, mucin and albumin, a water-soluble protein found in the tissue of mammals. Hormones, for example, can influence several characteristics of cervical and vaginal mucus.
Overgrowth of the organism Candida albicans can cause thick, copious, curd-like, white vaginal discharge.


Trichomoniasis vaginalis is a parasite that can cause foul-smelling, greenish-yellow, frothy vaginal discharge.
It can be normal to notice some spots of blood, ranging in color from light pink to brown, just before and just after the menstrual cycle.
The presence of healthy vaginal discharge often also impacts sexual function and self-esteem. Pathophysiology : Disturbance of the normal vaginal pH and estrogen levels can alter the vaginal flora, leading to overgrowth of pathogens.
Metronidazole is safe in pregnancy), acquisition of HIV, development of PID, and post-operative infections after gynecological procedures. Recommended regimen Metronidazole 400 mg PO bid for 7 days, Metronidazole 2 gm orally in a single dose(cure rate up to 95%). Painful sexual intercourse(dyspareunia) or there may be pain on passing urine(dysuria)., A thick, curdy, white (like cottage cheese) vaginal discharge.
Conditions such as contact dermatitis,allergic reactions and non-specific vaginal infections can present in a similar manner. Commonly fluconazole 150 mg is given in three doses orally every 72 h followed by a maintenance dose of 150 mg weekly for 6 months.
Apple cider vinegar will quickly control the bad bacteria and bring relief in the infection.
Moore earned an Associate of Applied Science in nursing from Phillips Beth Israel School of Nursing. Lactobacilli, beneficial bacteria, flourish in a normal vagina and help to maintain a healthy pH.
In this way, vaginal discharge can be defined as "normal," relative to a woman's menstrual cycle or other hormone-shifting events like pregnancy or menopause. Gonorrhea, also a sexually transmitted infection, can cause thick, green, pus-like vaginal discharge. At the time of ovulation vaginal discharge is copious, clear, stretchy and can resemble raw egg white. Factors that alter vaginal environment include feminine hygiene products, contraceptives, vaginal medications, antibiotics, STDs, sexual intercourse, and stress.
Most male partners of women with VVC do not experience any symptoms of the infection.However, a transient rash and burning sensation of the penis have been reported after intercourse if condoms were not used. Oral imidazoles cannot be used in pregnancy but a topical imidazole can be used for 2 weeks for induction followed by a weekly dose of clomtrizole 500 mg for possibly 6-8 weeks. Curd It is necessary to curb the growth of bad bacteria and restore the healthy flora of the vagina in order to cure bacterial vaginosis. Ginger It is essential to destroy the bacteria at its root otherwise the infection keeps flaring up again and again. In general, normal vaginal discharge ranges from clear to white or slightly yellow, is odorless or has a mild, inoffensive odor. Some other STIs, such as herpes and HPV, are not characterized by significant or unusual change in vaginal discharge.
It is a good idea to speak openly with your doctor or midwife about all of your concerns and to express honestly how it affects you. The discharge mainly consist of mucous, desquamated epithelia cells, bacteria (lactobacillius) and fluid.


Bacterial vaginosis tend to occur more frequently in women who have using an intrauterine device (IUD), non-white race, prior pregnancy, first sexual activity at an early age, having multiple sexual partners, and having a history of sexually transmitted diseases.
When the bad bacteria start overgrowing and multiplying they become uncontrollable and cause infection which leads to inflammation inside the vagina. Sometimes it reappears within very short intervals and sometimes it may recur after six months. Mix some minced garlic in some warm water and douche the vagina with it three or four times daily.
See your doctor as soon as possible if you experience unusual vaginal discharge, especially if it is accompanied by burning, pain, itching, a foul smell or unusual color.
Very high numbers of bacteria such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, Bacteroides species, and Mobiluncus species. Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection of the urogenital tract; the urethra is the most common site of infection in men, and the vagina is the most common site of infection in women.
Clinically, vulvar erythema and edema with satellite lesions (discrete pustulopapular lesions).
Intense or prolonged scratching may cause the skin of the vulva to become cracked and raw, making it more susceptible to infection. In addition, swallow four cloves of garlic with some water on an empty stomach every morning. The components of normal vaginal mucus provide lubrication, protect from harmful microorganisms and maintain healthy pH. Proliferation of the bacterium Gardnerella vaginalis, for example, causes the common infection Bacterial vaginosis, or BV. The National Institutes of Health advise seeking immediate help from a physician if an unusual vaginal discharge occurs with pain in the abdomen or pelvis, fever, known or possible exposure to any STD, or symptoms of diabetes. These bacteria can be found at numbers 100 to 1000 times greater than found in the healthy vagina. Control, and management of stress also are important factors in control of recurrent vaginal infections. Use condoms to avoid sexually transmitted disease As Trichomonas infection is sexually transmitted, ? Decreasing the frequency of sexual intercourse seems to have more of a scientific basis than other standard advice frequently given to decrease vulvovaginal candidiasis has been found among nonpregnant women. There is also itching and burning inside the vagina which gives a sense of annoyance and great discomfort. The discharge typical of BV is thin and sticky with a gray or yellow cast and an unpleasant "fishy" odor.
Bacterial vaginosis is not considered a sexually transmitted disease although it can be acquired by sexual intercourse.. Women who constantly change their sex partners and have sex with other women are more prone to this infection. Women who use scented soaps or vaginal deodorants or have an intrauterine device are also liable to suffer from this infection. Home Remedies For BV Infection Apple Cider Vinegar Instead of using commercial antibiotics which can have unpleasant side effects, it is good to cure BV with traditional home remedies that are not only effective but also very safe at the same time.



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