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15.06.2014, admin
Overview A burn is damage to the skin or body tissue from exposure to heat, ultra-violet light, radiation, hot liquid, steam, fire, flammable liquids or gases, chemicals, or electricity. Although most people love the warmth and light of the sun, too much sun exposure can significantly damage human skin.
Dry skin — Sun-exposed skin can gradually lose moisture and essential oils, making it appear dry, flaky and prematurely wrinkled, even in younger people. Sunburn — Sunburn is the common name for the skin injury that appears immediately after the skin is exposed to UV radiation.
Actinic keratosis — This is a tiny bump that feels like sandpaper or a small, scaly patch of sun-damaged skin that has a pink, red, yellow or brownish tint. Long-term changes in the skin's collagen (a structural protein) — These changes include photoaging (premature aging of the skin because of sun exposure) and actinic purpura (bleeding from fragile blood vessels beneath the skin surface). Over a lifetime, repeated episodes of sunburn and unprotected sun exposure can increase a person's risk of malignant melanoma and other forms of skin cancer. Dry skin — The skin appears dry, flaky and slightly more wrinkled than skin on other parts of your body that have not been exposed to the sun.
Actinic keratosis — An actinic keratosis appears as a small bump that feels like sandpaper or a persistent patch of scaly (peeling) skin that may have a jagged or even sharp surface and that has a pink, yellow, red or brownish tint.
Long-term changes in the skin's collagen — Symptoms of collagen changes include fine lines, deeper wrinkles, a thickened skin texture and easy bruising on sun-exposed areas, especially the back of the hands and forearms. In most cases, your doctor can confirm that you have sun-damaged skin simply by examining the area. The painful redness of sunburn will fade within a few days, provided that you do not re-expose your injured skin to the sun without using a sunblock or sunscreen. Be aware that some medicines and skin care products can increase your skin's risk of UV damage. To help detect actinic keratoses and other skin abnormalities in their earliest stages, examine your entire skin surface thoroughly every one to two months.
Dry skin — Try using a moisturizer that contains at least one of the following ingredients: glycerin, urea, pyroglutamic acid, sorbitol, lactic acid, lactate salts or alpha-hydroxy acids. Sunburn — For painful sunburn, try applying cool compresses (such as a cool, wet cloth) to your injured skin, or mist the area with sprays of cool water.
Actinic keratosis — The type of treatment that will work best for you depends on many factors, including the number, size and location of your actinic keratoses. Topical fluorouracil — The anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is applied directly to the skin to eliminate the actinic keratosis.
Topical imiquimod — This topical treatment up-regulates your own body's defense mechanisms to react against the actinic keratosis. Topical diclofenac sodium gel — This topical anti-inflammatory gel is applied twice daily for three months to treat the actinic keratosis. Chemical peels — A strong chemical solution is used to remove the top layer of skin, with the anticipation that normal skin will grow back later. Laser resurfacing — This works in the same way as a chemical peel to remove the top layer of skin, but it uses a laser beam instead of a chemical solution.
Photodynamic treatment (PDT) —A light-sensitizing solution is absorbed by the actinic keratosis and then "activated" by light, destroying the actinic keratosis. Also, because an actinic keratosis is a sign that you are at increased risk of skin cancer, your doctor will schedule regular follow-up skin examinations to check periodically for new areas of abnormal skin.
Photoaging and other collagen changes — Although it is not possible to reverse all of the effects of long-term sun damage, your doctor may be able to improve the appearance of your skin by prescribing tretinoin (a derivative of vitamin A) or strong alpha-hydroxy acids that you can apply directly to the skin.
Disclaimer: This content should not be considered complete and should not be used in place of a call or visit to a health professional. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. An excerpt from the American Academy of Medical Acupuncturea€?a€?Acupuncture is a method of encouraging the body to promote natural healing and to improve functioning. Acupuncture treatments can therefore help the body's internal organs to correct imbalances in their digestion, absorption, and energy production activities, and in the circulation of their energy through the meridians. The modern scientific explanation is that needling the acupuncture points stimulates the nervous system to release chemicals in the muscles, spinal cord, and brain. The improved energy and biochemical balance produced by acupuncture results in stimulating the body's natural healing abilities, and in promoting physical and emotional well-being. Acupuncture is a very old medical art, and there are many approaches to learning and practicing it. While acupuncture is often associated with pain control, in the hands of a well-trained practitioner it has much broader applications.
Respiratory disorders: sinusitis, sore throat, bronchitis, asthma, recurrent chest infections.
Neurological and muscular disorders: headaches, facial tics, neck pain, rib neuritis, frozen shoulder, tennis elbow, various forms of tendinitis, low back pain, sciatica, osteoarthritis.
Acupuncture is particularly useful in resolving physical problems related to tension and stress and emotional conditions.


Because your doctor carefully sterilizes the needles using the same techniques as for surgical instruments, or uses disposable needles, there is no risk of infection from the treatments. Do not over-exercise, engage in sexual activity, or consume alcoholic beverages within 6 hours before or after the treatment. Plan your activities so that after the treatment you can get some rest, or at least not have to be working at top performance. Some insurance companies currently cover acupuncture costs, other companies do not yet recognize the value of acupuncture. An excerpt from the American Academy of Medical AcupunctureAcupuncture is a method of encouraging the body to promote natural healing and to improve functioning. Minor burns typically heal on their own without treatment, while more severe burns require hospitalization to prevent infection, shock, or death.
The sun's heat dries out areas of unprotected skin and depletes the skin's supply of natural lubricating oils. Mild sunburn causes only painful reddening of the skin, but more severe cases can produce tiny fluid-filled bumps (vesicles) or larger blisters. Unlike suntan markings or sunburns, an actinic keratosis does not usually go away unless it is frozen, chemically treated or removed by a doctor.
In photoaging, the skin develops wrinkles and fine lines because of changes in the collagen of a deep layer of the skin called the dermis. As a rule, if you have fair skin and light eyes, you are at greater risk of sun-related skin damage and skin cancers.
In most cases, there are clear boundary lines where the skin has been protected from the sun by shirt sleeves, shorts, a bathing suit or other clothing. Some sun damage is permanent, although prescription medications, nonprescription remedies and skin-resurfacing treatments may improve the skin's appearance.
Choose a water-resistant sunscreen that has a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or above, with a broad spectrum of protection against both UV-A and UV-B rays. Choose a product that has been specially formulated for the lips, with a sun protection factor of 20 or more. These include certain antibiotics, as well as some prescription medicines that are used to treat psychiatric illness, high blood pressure, heart failure, acne and allergies. Check for patches of discolored or scaly skin, moles, small pearly nodules, sores and other skin abnormalities on all parts of your body, including your scalp and genitals. If your discomfort continues, take a nonprescription pain medication such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or aspirin, as long as you do not have a health problem that has caused your doctor to advise you against taking these medications.
Some treatments for actinic keratoses can leave a pale (de-pigmented) area of the skin surface. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This is done by inserting needles and applying heat or electrical stimulation at very precise acupuncture points.
These chemicals will either change the experience of pain, or they will trigger the release of other chemicals and hormones which influence the body's own internal regulating system. Medical acupuncture is the term used to describe acupuncture performed by a doctor trained and licensed in Western medicine who has also had thorough training in acupuncture as a specialty practice.
For complex or long-standing conditions, one or two treatments a week for several months may be recommended. As energy is redirected in the body, internal chemicals and hormones are stimulated and healing begins to take place.
Most patients feel only minimal pain as the needles are inserted; some feel no pain at all.
In the past 2,000 years, more people have been successfully treated with acupuncture than with all other health modalities combined. Substance abuse (drugs and alcohol) especially in the week prior to treatment, will seriously interfere with the effectiveness of acupuncture treatments. This is important for your doctor to know so that the follow-up treatments can be designed to best help you and your problem. In addition, the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause burning and long-term changes in the skin's structure. An actinic keratosis develops in areas of skin that have undergone repeated or long-term exposure to the sun's UV light, and it is a warning sign of increased risk of skin cancer. In actinic purpura, UV radiation damages the structural collagen that supports the walls of the skin's tiny blood vessels. This is because your skin contains less of a dark pigment called melanin, which helps to protect the skin from the effects of UV radiation.
More severe cases of sunburn produce painful blisters, sometimes together with nausea and dizziness. If you are taking a prescription medication and you normally spend a great deal of time outdoors, ask your health care professional whether you should take any special precautions to avoid sun exposure. Use a mirror to inspect harder-to-see areas of your back, shoulders, upper arms, buttocks and the soles of your feet.


Your doctor may prescribe stronger anti-inflammatory medication if you have extensive sunburn with severe blistering and pain. More important than appearance is the long-term impact of sun damage on your chances of developing skin cancer.
Such a doctor can use one or the other approach, or a combination of both as the need arises, to treat an illness.
Occasionally the original symptoms worsen for a few days, or other general changes in appetite, sleep, bowel or urination patterns, or emotional state may be triggered. These animal patients do not understand or believe in the process that helps them get better. More and more insurance companies are recognizing the value of providing coverage for medical acupuncture services. About 10% to 15% of actinic keratoses eventually change into squamous cell cancers of the skin.
Particularly in older people, this collagen damage makes blood vessels more fragile and more likely to rupture following a slight impact. Also, be aware that certain nonprescription skin care products containing alpha-hydroxy acids can make your skin more vulnerable to damage from sunlight.
People who have numerous actinic keratoses should have their skin checked by a doctor at least twice a year. Wash only with warm or cool water, using unscented soap that either has a high fat content or contains glycerin. Your doctor may also be able to inject botulinum toxin (Botox) or fillers such as Restylane, Juvederm or collagen to temporarily reduce wrinkles. The more unprotected sun exposure you have during your lifetime, the greater your risk of skin cancer, especially if you have a light complexion.
These should not cause concern, as they are simply indications that the acupuncture is starting to work. A positive attitude toward wellness may reinforce the effects of the treatment received, just as a negative attitude may hinder the effects of acupuncture or any other treatment.
You can help by insisting that your insurance company offer you reimbursement for medically indicated acupuncture treatments before you accept their policy. It is quite common with the first one or two treatments to have a sensation of deep relaxation or even mild disorientation immediately following the treatment. The point is smooth (not hollow with cutting edges like a hypodermic needle) and insertion through the skin is not as painful as injections or blood sampling. Acupuncture treatments can be given at the same time other techniques are being used, such as conventional Western medicine,osteopathic or chiropractic adjustments, and homeopathic ornaturopathic prescriptions. These pass within a short time, and never require anything more than a bit of rest to overcome. It is important that your physician-acupuncturist know everything that you are doing, so he or she can help you get the most benefit from all your treatments.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA), substitute forms of the drug have been found in some U.S.
First and some second-degree burns (no larger than three inches of skin involved) can be treated by running cool water over the area for 10 to 15 minutes.
Using these types of products may actually cause more damage to the skin and increase your risk of infection. A third-degree burn may go beyond the first three layers of skin and involve other tissues and bone. Do not remove any of your clothing, but at the same time make sure your clothes are no longer in contact with the source of the burn.
Keloid scars result when an excessive amount of scar tissue forms over a wound such as an open cut or burn.
They pose no danger, but must be protected from sun exposure to prevent them from darkening over time. It is a good idea to keep your tetanus shots up to date as burns leave you susceptible to tetanus. If you have not had a tetanus shot in more than five years, you may want to get a booster shot to be safe. Keep smoke detectors in good working order with regular checks and by changing the batteries often.
And create a fire escape plan and go over it with your family so you can be prepared if a fire should start.



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