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There are several natural therapies to get rid of cold sores which are less costly and without the side effects of the cold sore medicines.
The herpes simplex virus is of two types- type I and type II and is easily spread from one person to another. Believe it or not, bringing a few changes in your diet is an effective way of getting rid of cold sores. Anti- viral medications like acyclovir and penciclovir are available in the form of ointments for local application to get rid of cold sores. Find health and lifestyle advices & Get answers!Share real-life experiences with more than 250,000 community members!
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Most Of The Drug Addicts Get Their Fix From Their Doctors Different Treatment Options For Neck Pain: How Effective They Are? Low iron in blood - sLoss of iron in the blood is a consequence of increased aciolve it natural way. Martin, MD, MPH, ABIM Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Atlanta, GA. Regular exercising and relaxation techniques like yoga improve the body’s immune system and help to fight off stress, thereby reducing the severity and duration of the illness.
The different medications available can be either for local application on the cold sores or to be taken orally. However, they have limited efficacy as they cannot penetrate deep enough to prevent the herpes virus from multiplying.
Epidemiologists estimate that approximately one in five adults in North America and Europe has been exposed to it, but only one in twenty-five ever receives effective treatment.
HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes. Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is the most common cause of genital herpes, but it can also cause oral herpes. Using a sunscreen routinely can also reduce the frequency of outburst of cold sores in people where sun exposure is the triggering factor. An amino acid named lysine has been found to have a beneficial effect on the cold sores – its ingestion helps in faster healing of the sores.
Lipactin and Zilactin gel contain anesthetic agents like benzocaine, lidocaine, etc which numb the affected area and thus provide symptomatic relief from the pain and itching associated with the cold sores. But when these anti- viral medicines are taken as oral medication after doctor’s prescription, they are found to decrease the time for which the outbreak of cold sores lasts. Trends in HSV Types and Genital HerpesGenital herpes can be caused by either HSV-2 or HSV-1.
A person infected with herpes virus may spread infection to others through his skin where a cold sore is yet to erupt. Simple measures like washing hands frequently and using separate items of personal hygiene like towels, shaving blades, cups and dishes goes a long way in preventing the spread of cold sores.
On the contrary, another essential amino acid called as arginine can lead to outbreak of cold sores.
But it is advisable to start the treatment in the initial phase of the outbreak to achieve the maximum benefit.
Docosanol cream when used topically at the earliest helps in reducing the duration of the outbreak.
Some of the commonly prescribed anti viral medicines are acyclovir, valacyclovir and famiciclovir. In recent years, HSV-1 has become a significant cause in developed countries, including the United States. Applying oils like lemon balm, tea tree, geranium and bergamot is believed to hasten the healing process and a quick way to get rid of cold sores.
Changing diet in a manner that the amount of lysine ingested is deliberately increased while simultaneously decreasing the intake of arginine is an effective way of getting rid of cold sores.
In addition to these medications available to get rid of cold sores, painkillers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen may be taken to get some relief from the pain associated with the cold sores.Thus we see that though it is not possible to avoid cold sores from erupting, by following these tips, we can get rid of the cold sores as early as possible. It has both anti-viral action which is beneficial against cold sores and an antiseptic action which is helpful against secondary bacterial infections. Lysine is found in abundant quantity in dairy products, red meat, certain sea food, cheese, red meat and wheat germ. The risk of infection is highest during outbreak periods when there are visible sores and lesions. The risk of spreading infection to other person on coming in contact with the sore at this stage is comparatively lower. Application of ice as soon as tingling or tightening of skin is felt is again an effective natural therapy to get rid of cold sores. It is said the cooling effect of ice slows down the replication of the herpes virus so that the cold sores either do not appear or their severity is very much reduced.
Food rich in arginine which should be avoided by people suffering from cold sores include peanuts, chocolate and almonds.
But the infected person may continue shedding herpes virus in his saliva even after the cold sore has healed.
Lactobacillus acidophilus naturally found in yogurt has also been found to help in healing the cold sores while aiding digestion. SymptomsWhen genital herpes symptoms do appear, they are usually worse during the first outbreak than during recurring attacks.
At times, the cold sore may be associated with painful eruptions on the shin which are called as ‘erythema nodosum’. Eating a healthy diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables boosts the natural defense system of the body resulting in faster healing of the cold sores.
They too heal on their own in about six weeks.The first attack of cold sores generally appears in childhood itself after coming in contact with infected saliva. It may not be associated with any other symptom of viral infection or there may be difficulty in swallowing food and water which may require intervention by a doctor. Herpes, Pregnancy, and Newborn InfantsHerpes can pose serious risks for a pregnant woman and her baby.
Once contacted, the herpes virus is harbored by the nerve cells and conditions like undue apprehension, stress, exposure to sun or extreme cold bring about certain changes which activate this virus. The risk is greatest for mothers with a first-time infection, because the virus can be transmitted to the infant during childbirth.
Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend using specific diagnostic tests for women in labor to determine the risk of transmission. Babies born to mothers infected with genital herpes are often treated with the antiviral drug acyclovir, which can help suppress the virus. The study also shows that in the United Kingdom there are as many as 60% of new genital herpes infections that are transmitted due to HSV-1 and in Seattle, USA a third of new cases is caused by the same type of herpes simplex virus. How Cold Sore Is TransmittedCold sore is also known as herpes labialis (lips) as the blisters occur in the lip area and because cold sore is a viral infection that is caused by the HSV virus, you can get and transmit it through direct contact i.e.
Herpes viruses include human herpes virus 8 (the cause of Kaposi sarcoma) and varicella-zoster virus (also known as herpes zoster, the virus responsible for shingles and chickenpox).
The virus is easier to transmit when they are active so avoid kissing or sharing utensils with persons who have symptomatic cold sore however, most cases of transmission occur during the infected person is asymptomatic.Once Contracted, It Remains In Your System Until ReactivatedCold sore is not a serious health condition and they usually go away in a couple of weeks or earlier when treated properly with medication but having a cold sore is very inconvenient and can impede one’s work.
Sores in the mouth can be so painful especially when they get irritated and if you have full of it, it can interrupt with your normal eating.Once you have the HSV virus type 1 or 2 in your system, it will never go away again because there is no known cure for the virus. The word "herpes" comes from the Greek word "herpein," meaning "to creep." This refers to the unique characteristic pattern of all herpes viruses to creep along local nerve pathways to the nerve clusters at the end, where they remain in an inactive (dormant) state for variable periods of time. HSV virus will then remain dormant in your nerve cells until reactivated which causes blister on the lips, mouth, cheek or tongue or other parts of your face. It is possible that you get frequent recurrence of the virus symptoms in a year or just once in your entire lifetime depending on your immunity.How to get rid of a cold sore?Cold sore is almost impossible to avoid because most people have been exposed to the virus. The usual cause of oral herpes (herpes labialis), which are commonly called cold sores or fever blisters. In fact, 90% of Americans have been exposed to the virus and most of them do not even know they have it unless it becomes symptomatic.
HSV-1 can also cause genital herpes, which is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2).
So, it is easy to say that the herpes simplex virus 1 is a normal disease that people may contract. Until recently, the general rule was to assume that HSV-1 caused oral herpes and HSV-2 caused genital herpes.
Other symptoms may include fever, swollen lymph nodes and sore throat.Normally, cold sore will disappear on its own within 2 weeks of outbreak but there is treatment available to hasten the healing period and avoid infection that may cause complications.
The amount of medicine to utilize changes relying upon the quality of the cream, so you ought to check the mark before applying it. It is now clear, however, that either type of herpes virus can be found in the genital or oral areas (or other sites). Antiviral medicines and pain relievers are effective treatment for cold sore and it also alleviates the patient’s condition against pain and discomfort during eating and drinking.
In fact, HSV-1 is now responsible for more than half of all new cases of genital herpes in developed countries. The Disease ProcessHerpes is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact. To infect people, the herpes simplex viruses (both HSV-1 and HSV-2) must get into the body through tiny injuries in the skin or through a mucous membrane, such as inside the mouth or on the genital or anal areas.
Docosanol diminishes cold sore inconvenience and is commonly shown up for heal the sores speedier.
The risk for infection is highest with direct contact of blisters or sores during an outbreak. But the infection can also develop from contact with an infected partner who does not have visible sores or other symptoms. Once the virus has contact with the mucous membranes or skin wounds, it enters the nuclei of skin tissue cells and begins to replicate. The virus is then transported from the nerve endings of the skin to clusters of nerve cells (ganglia) where it remains inactive (latent) for some period of time.
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However, at some point, the virus wakes up and travels along nerve pathways to the surface the skin where it begins to multiply again. Required fields are marked *CommentName * Email * Website Notify me of follow-up comments by email. These apparatuses are generally used to treat small cuts, in the same way as those that may occur from shaving. During this time, the virus can infect other people if it is passed along in body fluids or secretions. Note that styptic pencils have a tendency to damage upon application, however the pain blurs and reduces the general amount of disturbance or pain associated with cold sores. Viral shedding may be accompanied by noticeable symptoms (outbreak) but it can also occur without causing symptoms (asymptomatic shedding). In either case, a person is infectious during periods of viral shedding. Symptoms may appear as multiple small red bumps or patches that develop blisters. Dab a small amount of 70 percent rubbing liquor or an alternate astringent directly over the cold sore.


Drying out the area reduces the danger of bacterial pollution, which could generally contaminate and drag out the duration of the cold sore.
Certain triggers can wake up the virus from its dormant state and cause it to become active again. Petroleum jelly and different products with emollients smooth and mellow aggravated skin, reducing the seriousness of a cold sore. In general, recurrent episodes of herpes cause less severe symptoms than the primary outbreak.
It likewise goes about as an issue against potential bacterial infection, which may overall happen and stretch the duration of the cold sore. HSV-1 is the most prevalent form of herpes simplex virus, and infection is most likely to occur during preschool years. Pour a few drops of pure vanilla extract on it and apply the vanilla extract to the cold sore utilizing a sterile cotton ball three to four times for every day. Vanilla is thought to contain anti-infection specialists equipped for taming the viral infection speedier. In addition, because HSV-1 can be passed in saliva, people should also avoid sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils. Transmission of Genital Herpes Genital herpes is transmitted through sexual activity. Refrain from using simulated vanilla, since it might not be that effective in treating a cold sore. People can get HSV-2 through genital contact or HSV-1 through mouth-to-genital contact with an infected partner. 6.) Tea Tree Oil to Get Rid of Cold Sore Fast Apply tea tree oil to get rid of cold sore fast.
Dab a few drops of the tea tree oil, likewise called melaleuca oil, on the cold sore twice daily utilizing a sterile cotton ball.
Backers of the tea tree oil treatment guarantee that it can reduce the duration of a cold sore by almost 50 percent, significantly minimizing the size of the sore overnight. People with active symptoms of genital herpes are at very high risk for transmitting the infection. Unfortunately, most cases of genital herpes infections occur when the virus is shedding but producing no symptoms.
If you have touchy skin, you may need to weaken the oil with a balance of water before applying it. Most people either have no symptoms or do not recognize them when they appear. In the past, genital herpes was mostly caused by HSV-2, but HSV-1 genital infection is increasing. 7.) Sea Salt to Get Rid of Cold Sore Fast Try different things with sea salt to get rid of cold sore fast. There is also evidence that children today are less likely to get cold sores and become exposed to HSV-1 during childhood. On the external part of the mouth, you can apply some salt directly to your cold sore or you can murmur salt water to treat cold sores inside the mouth.
Using clean hands, apply dry sea salt to treat cold sore, Keep the salt pressed onto your sore gently  for 30 minutes. The salt granules ought to stick to the sore, and you ought to abandon them there for 10 prior minutes washing them away with clean water. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1 in 6 Americans ages 14 to 49 years have genital herpes. To alleviate and reduce the size of cold sores in the mouth, make a solution from 8 oz (250 ml) of tepid water and 1 tsp (5 ml) of sea salt. While HSV-2 remains the main cause of genital herpes, HSV-1 has significantly increased as a cause, most likely because of oral-genital sex. The minerals in sea salt are thought to heal broken, excited skin, along these lines reducing the seriousness of cold sores.
8.) Treat With Tea to Get Rid of Cold Sore Fast A few tea is thought to contain antiviral properties that are valuable in the treatment of cold sores.
African-American women are at particularly high risk. People with compromised immune systems, such as those who have HIV, are at very high risk for genital herpes. Black, green, and white teas likewise contain tannins, which are thought to have an antiviral utilization. The anti-oxidants in tea likewise help to support the invulnerable framework, making your body more fit for battling off cold sores in the present and future.
Drugs that suppress the immune system, and organ transplantation, can also weaken the immune system and increase the risk for contracting genital herpes.
The most straightforward solution is to drink the tea, yet doing so may not provide speedy fulfillment or treatment. It is almost impossible to defend against the transmission of oral herpes, because it can be transmitted by very casual contact, including kissing. Still, you can help reduce the risk of transmitting oral herpes by not sharing objects that touch the mouth, such as eating and drinking utensils, toothbrushes, and towels.
The antiviral properties provide moment, easing of the pain and may abbreviate the duration of the sore. 9.) Witch Hazel to Get Rid of Cold Sore Fast Dab a couple of drops of witch hazel extract onto the cold sore utilizing a sterile cotton ball a few times a day. It is best to refrain from any type of sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) during periods of active outbreak. Witch hazel has astringent properties, which helps in speeding up the drying process, possibly reducing the time allotment, it sticks around.
However, herpes can also be transmitted when symptoms are not present (asymptomatic shedding). Although condoms may not provide 100% protection, they are proven to significantly reduce the risk of sexual disease transmission, including herpes. Pencyclovir cream is intended to accelerate healing and lessening pain associated with cold sores caused by the herpes simplex virus.
Natural condoms made from animal skin do NOT protect against HSV infection because herpes viruses can pass through them. Use a water-based lubricant. Lubricants can help prevent friction during sex, which can irritate the skin and increase the risk for outbreaks. Only water-based lubricants (K-Y Jelly, Astroglide, AquaLube, and glycerin) should be used. At the point when prescribed for the treatment of cold sores, this oral anti-viral tablet ought to be taken once at the soonest indication of a cold sore. This treatment has been known to reduce the duration of cold sores caused by the herpes simplex virus, or herpes labialis, by a few days. However, it is best not to use condoms pre-lubricated with spermicides. Do not use spermicides for protection against herpes. Many specialists offer this as an issue decision treatment because of the way that it commonly causes reactions like loose bowels, migraine, nausea, and heaving.
It doesn’t cure herpes, yet it can treat sores, rankles, and rashes caused by the virus. Nonoxynol-9 can cause irritation around the genital areas, which makes it easier for herpes and other STDs to be transmitted. Use a dental dam or condom for oral sex.
If you have any symptoms of oral herpes, it is best not to perform oral sex on a partner until any visible sores or blisters have healed. Limit the number of sexual partners. The more sexual partners you have, the greater your chances of becoming infected or infecting others. Apply a thick layer of cream over the cold sore and rub it into the skin until it vanishes. While the treatment can be utilized at any phase of a cold sore, it is best when utilized while the area is shivering or red yet before a genuine cold sore has structured. It is very unlikely to transmit or contract genital herpes from a toilet seat or bath towel. Studies suggest that male circumcision may help reduce the risk of HSV-2, as well as human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV infections. Ice or cold packs will help to make the area numb, reducing pain and tingling regularly associated with a cold sore. However, herpes can cause significant and widespread complications in people who don't have a fully functioning immune system.
The CDC recommends that all people diagnosed with herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) get tested for HIV. Most people with HIV are co-infected with HSV-2 and are particularly vulnerable to its complications. HSV-2 infection increases HIV levels in the genital tract, which makes it easier for the HIV virus to be spread to sexual partners. Herpes and PregnancyPregnant women who have genital herpes due to either HSV-2 or HSV-1 have an increased risk for miscarriage, premature labor, inhibited fetal growth, or transmission of the herpes infection to the infant in the uterus or at the time of delivery. Reduce your anxiety, however much as could be expected, wash your hands regularly, and toss out any lip balm or beatufiers utilized on your lips promptly before or after the cold sore showed up.
Herpes in newborn babies (herpes neonatalis) can be a very serious condition. Fortunately, neonatal herpes is rare. Although about 25 to 30% of pregnant women have genital herpes, less than 0.1% of babies are born with neonatal herpes.
The baby is at greatest risk during a vaginal delivery, especially if the mother has an asymptomatic infection that was first introduced late in the pregnancy.
The risk for transmission also increases if infants with infected mothers are born prematurely, there is invasive monitoring, or instruments are used during vaginal delivery. Transmission can occur if the amniotic membrane of an infected woman ruptures prematurely, or as the infant passes through an infected birth canal. This risk is increased if the woman is having or has recently had an active herpes outbreak in the genital area. Very rarely, the virus is transmitted across the placenta, a form of the infection known as congenital herpes. Also rarely, newborns may contract herpes during the first weeks of life from being kissed by someone with a herpes cold sore. Infants may get congenital herpes from a mother with an active herpes infection at the time of birth. Aggressive treatment with antiviral medication is required. Most infected pregnant women do not have a history of symptoms, so herpes infection is often not suspected or detected at the time of delivery.
Fortunately, if a woman does have genital lesions, rapid diagnostic blood tests can quickly determine her chances of transmitting the virus to her baby during delivery. Some women with new or recurrent herpes may also be prescribed antiviral medication during pregnancy.
A woman with herpes can usually safely breastfeed her baby, as long as she does not have a lesion on her breast or nipple.
Neonatal herpes can spread to the brain and central nervous system, causing encephalitis and meningitis. Herpes can also spread to internal organs, such as the liver and lungs. Infants infected with herpes are treated with acyclovir, an antiviral drug. They usually receive several weeks of intravenous acyclovir treatment, often followed by several months of oral acyclovir. It is important to treat babies quickly, before the infection spreads to the brain and other organs. Required fields are marked *Comment Name * Email * Website Other Popular Posts How to Get Over a Break Up Fast?
Fortunately, rapid diagnostic tests and treatment with acyclovir have significantly improved survival rates and reduced complication rates. Nearly all who recover have some impairment, ranging from very mild neurological changes to paralysis. Like encephalitis, meningitis symptoms include headache, fever, stiff neck, vomiting, and sensitivity to light.


Fortunately, herpes meningitis usually resolves after about a week without complications, although symptoms can recur. Herpes Eye ComplicationsOcular herpes is a recurrent infection that affects the eyes.
Ocular herpes is usually a simple infection that clears up in a few days, but in its more serious forms, and in severe cases, it can cause blindness.
It only affects the upper layer (epithelium) of the cornea and heals with scarring. Stromal Keratitis.
Iridocyclitis is another serious complication of ocular herpes, in which the iris and the area around it become inflamed.
Herpes Skin ComplicationsEczema Herpeticum A rare form of herpes infection called eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption, can affect people with skin disorders and those with a weakened immune system. Untreated, this condition can be extremely serious and possibly fatal. Gingivostomatiti Oral herpes can cause multiple painful ulcers on the gums and mucus membranes of the mouth, a condition called gingivostomatitis. Children with gingivostomatitis commonly develop herpetic whitlow (herpes of the fingers). Herpetic Whitlow A herpetic whitlow is an infection of the herpes virus involving the finger, often around the fingernail. In children, this is often caused by thumb sucking or finger sucking while they have a cold sore. It can also occur in adult health care workers, such as dentists, because of increased exposure to the herpes virus. The use of latex or polyurethane gloves prevents herpes whitlow in health care workers. SymptomsHerpes symptoms vary depending on whether the outbreak is initial or recurrent. The primary outbreak is usually worse than recurrent outbreaks, with more severe and prolonged symptoms. In fact, studies indicate that 10 to 25% of people infected with HSV-2 are unaware that they have genital herpes. The first signs are a tingling sensation in the affected areas (genitalia, buttocks, and thighs) and groups of small red bumps that develop into blisters. The sores may sometimes itch, but itching decreases as they heal. About 40% of men and 70% of women develop other symptoms during initial outbreaks of genital herpes, such as flu-like discomfort, headache, muscle aches, and fever. Some women may have difficulty urinating and may, occasionally, require a urinary catheter.
Women may also experience vaginal discharge. Recurrent Genital Herpes Outbreak In general, recurrences are much milder than the initial outbreak.
The virus sheds for a much shorter period of time (about 3 days) compared to an initial outbreak of 3 weeks. Women may have only minor itching, and the symptoms may be even milder in men. On average, people have about four recurrences during the first year, although this varies widely. There are some differences in frequency of recurrence depending on whether HSV-2 or HSV-1 caused genital herpes. HSV-2 genital infection is more likely to cause recurrences than HSV-1. Symptoms of Oral HerpesOral herpes (herpes labialis) is most often caused by HSV-1, but it can also be caused by HSV-2. It usually affects the lips and, in some primary attacks, the mucus membranes in the mouth. A herpes infection may occur on the cheeks or in the nose, but facial herpes is very uncommon. Primary Oral Herpes Infection If the primary (initial) oral infection causes symptoms, they can be very painful, particularly in children. The sores last 10 to 14 days and can be very uncomfortable. Blisters that may be preceded or accompanied by sore throat, fever, swollen glands, and painful swallowing. Recurrent Oral Herpes Infection A recurrent oral herpes infection is much milder than the primary outbreak. It usually manifests as a single sore, commonly called a cold sore or fever blister (because it may arise during a bout of cold or flu). The sore usually shows up on the outer edge of the lips and rarely affects the gums or throat.
Recurrences of genital herpes are more likely with HSV-2 infection than with HSV-1 infection.
The outbreak of infection is often preceded by a prodrome, an early group of symptoms that may include itchy skin, pain, or an abnormal tingling sensation at the site of infection. Recurrent outbreaks feature most of the same symptoms at the same sites as the primary attack, but they tend to be milder and briefer. Occasionally, the symptoms may not resemble those of the primary episode, but appear as fissures and scrapes in the skin or as general inflammation around the affected area. They include sunlight, wind, fever, physical injury, surgery, menstruation, suppression of the immune system, and emotional stress.
Oral herpes can be triggered within about 3 days of intense dental work, particularly root canal or tooth extraction. Timing of Recurrences Recurrent outbreaks may occur at intervals of days, weeks, or years. For most people, outbreaks recur with more frequency during the first year after an initial attack. The good news is that in most healthy people, recurring infections tend to become progressively less frequent, and less severe, over time.
However, other conditions can resemble herpes, and doctors cannot base a herpes diagnosis on visual inspection alone.
These tests include: Virologic tests (viral culture of the lesion) Serologic tests (blood tests that detect antibodies) The CDC recommends that both virologic and serologic tests be used for diagnosing genital herpes. People diagnosed with genital herpes should also be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.
At this time, experts do not recommend screening for HSV-1 or HSV-2 in the general population. Genital herpes can be caused by either HSV-1 or HSV-2. It is important to determine which virus is involved, as the type of herpes infection influences prognosis and treatment recommendations.
Recurrences of genital herpes, and viral shedding without overt symptoms, are much less frequent with HSV-1 infection than with HSV-2. False-negative (testing negative when herpes infection is actually present) or false-positive (testing positive when herpes infection is not actually present) results can occur. Your health care provider may recommend that you have a test repeated. Virologic TestsViral culture tests are made by taking a fluid sample, or culture, from the lesions as early as possible, ideally within the first 48 hours of the outbreak. PCR tests are much faster and more accurate than viral cultures, and the CDC recommends PCR for detecting herpes in spinal fluid when diagnosing herpes encephalitis. PCR can make many copies of the virus' DNA, so that even small amounts of DNA in the sample can be detected.
However, many labs now use PCR for herpes testing because it is highly accurate. An older type of virologic testing, the Tzanck smear test, uses scrapings from herpes lesions. The scrapings are stained and examined under a microscope for the presence of giant cells with many nuclei or distinctive particles that carry the virus (called inclusion bodies). The Tzanck test is not reliable for providing a conclusive diagnosis of herpes infection and is not recommended by the CDC. Serologic TestsSerologic (blood) tests can identify antibodies that are specific for either HSV-1 or HSV-2. When the herpes virus infects you, your body's immune system produces specific antibodies to fight off the infection.
If a blood test detects antibodies to herpes, it is evidence that you have been infected with the virus, even if the virus is in a non-active (dormant) state. The presence of antibodies to herpes also indicates that you are a carrier of the virus and might transmit it to others. Serologic tests can be especially useful for people who do not have active symptoms, but who have other risk factors for herpes (such as other STDs, multiple sex partners, or a monogamous partner who has genital herpes).
Although glycoprotein (gG) type-specific tests have been available for many years, many of the older nontype-specific tests that cannot distinguish HSV-1 from HSV-2 are still on the market.
Canker sores frequently crop up singly or in groups on the inside of the mouth, or on or underneath the tongue.
The drugs are used initially to treat a first attack of herpes, and then afterward to either treat recurrent outbreaks (episodic therapy) or reduce frequency of recurrences (suppressive therapy). Drugs can, however, reduce the severity of symptoms, improve healing times, and prevent recurrences. If people experience very severe disease or complications, they need to be hospitalized and receive an antiviral drug intravenously. Your health care provider will prescribe one of the three antiviral medications, which you will take for 7 to 10 days. You should begin the medication as soon as you notice any signs or symptoms of herpes, preferably during the prodrome stage that precedes the outbreak of lesions. If taken during prodrome, episodic therapy may help prevent an outbreak from occurring or reduce its severity. Valacyclovir is taken once a day. Suppressive treatment can reduce the frequency of outbreak recurrences by 70 to 80%. It is generally recommended for people who have frequent recurrences (6 or more outbreaks per year). Because herpes recurrences often diminish over time, you should discuss annually with your health care provider whether you should stay with drug therapy or discontinue it. While taking any suppressive therapy for genital herpes, it is still important to regularly use latex condoms and to avoid any sexual activity during recurrences. A new form of acyclovir (Sitavig) is administered orally as an adhesive tablet; it is applied to the gum region of the mouth, where it dissolves during the course of the day. In addition, acyclovir is available in topical form, as is the related drug penciclovir (Denavir). Topical TreatmentsThese ointments or creams can help shorten healing time and duration of symptoms. However, none are truly effective at eliminating outbreaks. Penciclovir (Denavir) heals HSV-1 sores on average about half a day faster than without treatment, stops viral shedding, and reduces the duration of pain.
Ideally, you should apply the cream within the first hour of symptoms, although the medication can still help if applied later. Apply the cream 5 times a day, beginning at the first sign of tingling or pain. Over-the-counter topical ointments may provide modest relief.
They include Anbesol gel, Blistex lip ointment, Campho-phenique, Herpecin-L, Viractin, and Zilactin. Some contain a topical anesthetic such as benzocaine, tetracaine, or phenol. Lip balm that contains sunblock, or sunscreen applied around the lips may help prevent sun-triggered outbreaks. Herbs and SupplementsGenerally, manufacturers of herbal remedies and dietary supplements do not need FDA approval to sell their products.
Just like a drug, herbs and supplements can affect the body's chemistry, and therefore have the potential to produce side effects that may be harmful. There have been several reported cases of serious and even lethal side effects from herbal products. Always check with your provider before using any herbal remedies or dietary supplements. Many herbal and dietary supplement products claim to help fight herpes infection by boosting the immune system. There has been little research on these products, and little evidence to show that they really work.
Epidemiology, clinical presentation, and antibody response to primary infection with herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in young women. Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 among persons aged 14 - 49 years -- United States, 2005-2008.
Guidance on management of asymptomatic neonates born to women with active genital herpes lesions. Genital shedding of herpes simplex virus among symptomatic and asymptomatic persons with HSV-2 infection.



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