How to treat a dog for ear infection,athletes foot bacterial infection symptoms,how do get rid of dog pee smell - PDF 2016

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Ear hematomas develop when the tiny blood vessels in the floppy part of your pet’s ear rupture.
Ear hematomas can develop from too much head shaking, obsessive scratching at the ears, trauma to the ears (sometimes caused by smacking the ears against things during head shaking), infection, inflammation, parasites, or even a foreign body in the ear. Treatment of an ear hematoma is two-fold: 1) resolving the swelling, and 2) finding the root cause of the problem. Discovering and addressing the root cause of an ear hematoma is necessary to prevent recurrence. When something causes these little vessels to rupture, they bleed under the skin and form a fluid-filled pocket. Ear hematomas are most commonly seen in floppy-eared dogs, but they can occur in any breed of dog – whether their ears are floppy or not – and even occur in cats. Most dogs develop ear hematomas from shaking their heads or chronically scratching at their ears.
Other times the ear is bothering them, which could be an allergic response that is causing intense itching in the ears, or it could be an ear infection. Shaking the head alone can cause those tiny blood vessels to burst, but so can smacking the ear against something while shaking. Other causes of ear hematomas are injury to the earflap (usually from a dogfight), infection or inflammation of the ear, presence of a foreign body, or even a parasite in the ear.
Once bleeding under the skin begins, it creates irritation, which will make your dog shake his head even more. It's not uncommon for ear hematomas to rupture while the dog is shaking his head, spraying blood all over the place.
If there is swelling, the ear is warm, and there's a squishy feel to it, the hematoma is probably small.
Treatment of an ear hematoma involves not only resolving the swelling, but also determining what caused the problem in the first place.
Aspiration is a relatively inexpensive and an easy process to do, but it has a lot of drawbacks. The most frequent consequence is that the space left by the aspirated fluid will simply fill back up. And finally, if the fluid in the ear hematoma is clotted and scar tissue is already forming, there may not be a whole lot of fluid to even draw out of the ear. I told her that the dog would probably continue bleeding from the ear hematoma after I lanced it, but she insisted.


The owner ended up coming back the very next day for a procedure that ended all potential for more bleeding.
All of them involve draining the hematoma, then placing multiple sutures in the deflated earflap to intentionally create an adhesion between the ear skin and the ear cartilage. Sutures are left in place for about three weeks to create a deliberate scarring in the area, which will prevent the earflap from filling back up with blood or fluid. If there's an obvious trauma or injury to the earflap, obviously the wound will be treated.
If necessary, a culture will be performed to determine what infection is present, and most importantly, what medications will be needed to help resolve the infection. If the problem is allergies, you'll need to figure out what your pet is allergic to if possible. Especially if you have a dog with long floppy ears, it's important to regularly inspect them and clean them as often as necessary to make sure they stay dry. Treatment options for ear infectionsYour veterinarian will want your pet to start on medications that relieve pain and infection right away. Naoko will be on holiday from May 9th until May 20th, please mind that Chew Chew will not be open during this time! If the problem isn't addressed and blood and other fluids continue to accumulate in the skin, the hematoma can become quite large, even to the point of blocking off the opening of the ear canal. A hot, very firm feel can indicate the presence of a very large hematoma where the whole pinna is affected.
Another drawback to this approach is sometimes multiple aspirations are needed to drain all the fluid out. Of course, initially, the ear looked better, because all the fluid came rushing out, and the ear went back to its normal size.
The owner had blood on her walls, on her lamps, on her sofa, all over her furniture, on her ceiling, all over her car … you get the picture. The earflap is in a sense quilted or closed with sutures so blood or fluid can't get back into that particular area.
Scarring becomes unavoidable if the hematoma has existed for many days or weeks prior to surgery, because the underlying cartilage has been damaged. If the dog's ear hematoma is never addressed – in addition to being very uncomfortable for many weeks or months – the intense scarring is unavoidable. It's important for your vet to investigate the underlying issue and treat the root cause of the hematoma to prevent recurrence.
But most of the time, the underlying cause is an ear infection or an intense allergic response.


The discharge will be microscopically examined for the presence of bacteria, yeast, or mites. This means eliminating the source of the problem, whether it's a dietary issue or an environmental allergic response.
In particular you should give them a thorough cleaning and insure they thoroughly dry after swimming and baths to help avoid an ear hematoma from developing.
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Then, in 2-3 days when the culture results have returned from the lab, either your pet will continue on the same medication, or your pet will receive a more effective medication. Of course, I'm not opposed to trying, but I always relay a story that occurred in my practice years ago. But then again, every time the dog shakes, blood still goes everywhere as it exits the little vent in the earflap. A lot of scarring will occur, sometimes causing the entire earflap to crinkle up and shrivel as the fluid is resorbed back into the body. Anything that could create an underlying irritation that causes your pet to scratch or shake will be evaluated. Medications can include natural remedies, oral antibiotics and antibiotics put directly in the ear.Natural remedies for ear infectionsNatural remedies for ear infections are a safer alternative to many ear medications because some medications may increase the risk of hearing loss in pets. Dym says, "To help prevent ear infections, it's important to clean your pet's ears regularly with an ear cleanser. When your pet has an ear infection that is itchy, treat it with Zymox with Hydocortisone for 7-14 days and then wait 2-3 days before cleaning your pet's ears or using another ear medication. Some pets are allergic to antibiotics, especially to topical neomycin; if your pet's ear becomes worse with antibiotic treatment, stop the medication and call your veterinarian. Below is a list of several pet medications that are safe to use if your pet's ear drum is ruptured:What makes it difficult for the treatment to work?
Calm your pet with pheromones such as Adaptil Collar for Dogs or Sentry Calming Collar for Cats so that you can work without a tussle.



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